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Prosthetic joint infections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526565/efficacy-of-indefinite-chronic-oral-antimicrobial-suppression-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-in-the-elderly-a-comparative-study
#1
V Prendki, P Sergent, A Barrelet, E Oziol, E Beretti, M Berlioz-Thibal, F Bouchand, F Dauchy, E Forestier, G Gavazzi, C Ronde-Oustau, J Stirnemann, A Dinh
OBJECTIVES: During prosthetic joint infection (PJI), surgical management is sometimes impossible, indefinite chronic oral antimicrobial suppression (ICOAS) may sometimes be the only option. We evaluated the outcome of elderly patients who benefited from ICOAS for a strictly palliative goal METHODS: We performed a national retrospective cohort study in France of patients aged >75years old with PJI, and managed with ICOAS planned for life long from 2009 to 2014, and compared the population with an event versus the population free of event...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522245/pin-site-complications-associated-with-computer-assisted-navigation-in-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#2
Eli Kamara, Zachary P Berliner, Matthew S Hepinstall, H John Cooper
BACKGROUND: There has been a great increase in the use of navigation technology in joint arthroplasty. In most types of navigation-assisted surgery, several temporary navigation pins are placed in the patient. Goals of this study are (1) to identify complications and (2) risk factors associated with placement of these pins. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all navigation-assisted hip and knee arthroplasty performed a single institution over a 3-year period...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522189/preoperative-joint-aspiration-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-acute-hip-and-knee-prosthetic-joint-infections
#3
A Bicart-See, J Lourtet, C Delpierre, C Livideanu, T Pollon, J Remi, M P Felice, G Giordano, E Bonnet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490492/molecular-diagnosis-of-orthopaedic-device-infection-direct-from-sonication-fluid-by-metagenomic-sequencing
#4
Teresa L Street, Nicholas D Sanderson, Bridget L Atkins, Andrew J Brent, Kevin Cole, Dona Foster, Martin A McNally, Sarah Oakley, Leon Peto, Adrian Taylor, Tim E A Peto, Derrick W Crook, David W Eyre
Culture of multiple periprosthetic tissue samples is the current gold-standard for microbiological diagnosis of prosthetic joint infections (PJI). Additional diagnostic information may be obtained through sonication fluid culture of explants. However, current techniques can have relatively low sensitivity, with prior antimicrobial therapy and infection by fastidious organisms influencing results. We assessed if metagenomic sequencing of total DNA extracts obtained direct from sonication fluid can provide an alternative rapid and sensitive tool for diagnosis of PJI...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488017/c-reactive-protein-course-during-the-first-5-days-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-cannot-predict-early-prosthetic-joint-infection
#5
Christoph Windisch, Steffen Brodt, Eric Roehner, Georg Matziolis
INTRODUCTION: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the most devastating major complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The laboratory value C-reactive protein (CRP) is the inflammatory biomarker most suitable for detecting a potential postoperative (p.o.) early infection in orthopaedic surgery. However, on the basis of multiple receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses, CRP only has limited sensitivity and specificity. The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that, besides the absolute preoperative CRP value, also the absolute postoperative CRP value and its course over the first 5 days after TKA are valid indicators of periprosthetic early infection...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483043/diagnosis-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-cultures-biomarker-and-criteria
#6
REVIEW
Eric O Gomez-Urena, Aaron J Tande, Douglas R Osmon, Elie F Berbari
Prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are devastating complications after joint arthroplasty that continue to pose a diagnostic challenge. Currently, a single, stand-alone test with the adequate accuracy and reliability for diagnosis of PJI is not available; therefore, physicians who care for patients with PJI must rely on a combination of diagnostic tests for the diagnosis of PJI. This article reviews conventional laboratory test modalities, diagnostic accuracy and limitations of current tests, and novel emerging tests for the diagnosis of PJI...
June 2017: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480283/using-nuclear-medicine-imaging-wisely-in-diagnosing-infectious-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Censullo, Tara Vijayan
In recent years, there has been an increasing emphasis on efficient and accurate diagnostic testing, exemplified by the American Board of Internal Medicine's "Choosing Wisely" campaign. Nuclear imaging studies can provide early and accurate diagnoses of many infectious disease syndromes, particularly in complex cases where the differential remains broad. This review paper offers clinicians a rational, evidence-based guide to approaching nuclear medicine tests, using an example case of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia in a patient with multiple potential sources...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479058/how-many-cultures-are-necessary-to-identify-pathogens-in-the-management-of-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-infections
#8
Rikesh Gandhi, Edward Silverman, Paul M Courtney, Gwo-Chin Lee
BACKGROUND: Identification of the infecting organism is critical to the successful management of deep prosthetic joint infections about the hip and the knee. However, the number of culture specimens and which culture specimens are best to identify these organisms is unknown. METHODS: We evaluated 113 consecutive patients with infected total hip and total knee arthroplasties and correlated the type of culture specimen and number of specimens taken during surgery to the likelihood of a positive culture result...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473693/serum-and-synovial-fluid-interleukin-6-for-the-diagnosis-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#9
Kai Xie, Kerong Dai, Xinhua Qu, Mengning Yan
A gold standard for diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has not yet been established. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum and synovial fluid interleukin (IL)-6 levels for PJI. The MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for studies describing PJI diagnosis using serum and synovial fluid IL-6 and published between January 1990 and October 2016. Seventeen studies were included in the analysis. The pooled sensitivities of serum and synovial fluid IL-6 were 0...
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461965/total-knee-arthroplasty-and-infection-how-surgeons-can-reduce-the-risks
#10
REVIEW
Nicola Ratto, Chiara Arrigoni, Federica Rosso, Matteo Bruzzone, Federico Dettoni, Davide Edoardo Bonasia, Roberto Rossi
Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is one of the most common orthopaedic procedures. Nevertheless, several complications can lead to implant failure.Peri-prosthetic joint infections (PJI) certainly represent a significant challenge in TJA, constituting a major cause of prosthetic revision. The surgeon may have an important role in reducing the PJI rate by limiting the impact of significant risk factors associated to either the patient, the operative environment or the post-operative care.In the pre-operative period, several preventive measures may be adopted to manage reversible medical comorbidities...
September 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458734/designing-a-new-molecular-probe-the-potential-role-for-tilmanocept-lymphoseek-%C3%A2-in-the-assessment-of-patients-with-painful-hip-and-knee-joint-prostheses
#11
O O Adesanya, C E Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: There is a long history of nuclear medicine developments in orthopaedics beginning in the early 20(th) century. Technetium-99m ((99m)Tc) has a short half-life of six hours, emits 140 keV gamma rays and is the most widely used isotope, imaged with the Anger (gamma) camera. Gamma image quality and test sensitivity in painful prosthetic joints can be improved with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and SPECT/CT. Positron Emission Tomography-Computed Tomography (PET-CT) with Sodium Fluoride ((18)F-NaF) and (18)Fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET have promising and limited roles respectively in the investigation of painful prosthetic joints...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456562/withholding-preoperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-knee-prosthesis-revision-a-retrospective-analysis-on-culture-results-and-risk-of-infection
#12
Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker, Eduard Tornero, Guillem Claret, Jordi Bosch, Juan Carlos Martinez-Pastor, Andreu Combalia, Alex Soriano
BACKGROUND: A significant amount of patients undergoing revision surgery of a prosthetic joint turn out to have an infection. Withholding preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis in these patients to optimize culture yield during revision surgery remains a matter of debate. The aim of our study was to determine (1) the rate of positive intraoperative cultures with or without preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis and (2) the incidence of a prosthetic joint infection (PJI) during the follow-up in the 2 groups...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455476/synovial-calprotectin-a-potential-biomarker-to-exclude-a-prosthetic-joint-infection
#13
M Wouthuyzen-Bakker, J J W Ploegmakers, G A Kampinga, L Wagenmakers-Huizenga, P C Jutte, A C Muller Kobold
AIMS: Recently, several synovial biomarkers have been introduced into the algorithm for the diagnosis of a prosthetic joint infection (PJI). Alpha defensin is a promising biomarker, with a high sensitivity and specificity, but it is expensive. Calprotectin is a protein that is present in the cytoplasm of neutrophils, is released upon neutrophil activation and exhibits anti-microbial activity. Our aim, in this study, was to determine the diagnostic potential of synovial calprotectin in the diagnosis of a PJI...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454760/tropism-and-virulence-of-cutibacterium-formerly-propionibacterium-acnes-involved-in-implant-associated-infection
#14
Guillaume Ghislain Aubin, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Yohan Foucher, Sarah Dellière, Didier Lepelletier, François Gouin, Stéphane Corvec
The recognition of the pathogenicity of Cutibacterium acnes in implant-associated infection is not always obvious. In this paper, we aimed to distinguish pathogenic and non-pathogenic C. acnes isolates. To reach this goal, we investigated the clonal complex (CC) of a large collection of C. acnes clinical isolates through Multi-Locus Sequence Typing (MLST), we established a Caenorhabditis elegans model to assess C. acnes virulence and we investigated the presence of virulence factors in our collection. Ours results showed that CC36 and CC53 C...
April 25, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448204/future-research-opportunities-in-peri-prosthetic-joint-infection-prevention
#15
Elie Berbari, John Segreti, Javad Parvizi, Sandra I Berríos-Torres
Peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication of prosthetic joint arthroplasty. A better understanding and reversal of modifiable risk factors may lead to a reduction in the incidence of incisional (superficial and deep) and organ/space (e.g., PJI) surgical site infections (SSI). Recently, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) published the Guideline for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection. This targeted update applies evidence-based methodology in drafting recommendations for potential strategies to reduce the risk of SSI both across surgical procedures and specifically in prosthetic joint arthroplasty...
April 27, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443190/first-description-of-an-anaerobiospirillum-succiniciproducens-prosthetic-joint-infection
#16
F Schaumburg, R Dieckmann, T Schmidt-Bräkling, K Becker, E A Idelevich
Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens belongs to the normal flora of cats and dogs and can rarely infect humans. Here, we report the first case of an A. succiniciproducens prosthetic joint infection.
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428726/successful-treatment-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-due-to-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-with-tedizolid
#17
Sheng Si, Michael J Durkin, Maureen M Mercier, Melanie L Yarbrough, Stephen Y Liang
Few antibiotic options exist for the management of infections due to vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). We describe a case involving the safe and successful use of tedizolid, a new oxazolidinone, to treat VRE prosthetic joint infection.
March 2017: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407472/introduction-to-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-and-healthcare-infection-control-practices-advisory-committee-guideline-for-prevention-of-surgical-site-infection-prosthetic-joint-arthroplasty-section
#18
John Segreti, Javad Parvizi, Elie Berbari, Philip Ricks, Sandra I Berríos-Torres
Peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication of total joint arthroplasty that appears to be increasing as more of these procedures are performed. Numerous risk factors for incisional (superficial and deep) and organ/space (e.g., PJI) surgical site infections (SSIs) have been identified. A better understanding and reversal of modifiable risk factors may lead to a reduction in the incidence of incisional SSI and PJI. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) recently updated the national Guideline for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407419/antibiotic-treatment-of-biofilm-infections
#19
REVIEW
Oana Ciofu, Estrella Rojo-Molinero, María D Macià, Antonio Oliver
Bacterial biofilms are associated with a wide range of infections, from those related to exogenous devices, such as catheters or prosthetic joints, to chronic tissue infections such as those occurring in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients. Biofilms are recalcitrant to antibiotic treatment due to multiple tolerance mechanisms (phenotypic resistance). This causes persistence of biofilm infections in spite of antibiotic exposure which predisposes to antibiotic resistance development (genetic resistance). Understanding the interplay between phenotypic and genetic resistance mechanisms acting on biofilms, as well as appreciating the diversity of environmental conditions of biofilm infections which influence the effect of antibiotics are required in order to optimize the antibiotic treatment of biofilm infections...
April 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403859/managing-uncertainty-a-qualitative-study-of-surgeons-decision-making-for-one-stage-and-two-stage-revision-surgery-for-prosthetic-hip-joint-infection
#20
Andrew J Moore, Ashley W Blom, Michael R Whitehouse, Rachael Gooberman-Hill
BACKGROUND: Approximately 88,000 primary hip replacements are performed in England and Wales each year. Around 1% go on to develop deep prosthetic joint infection. Between one-stage and two-stage revision arthroplasty best treatment options remain unclear. Our aims were to characterise consultant orthopaedic surgeons' decisions about performing either one-stage or two-stage revision surgery for patients with deep prosthetic infection (PJI) after hip arthroplasty, and to identify whether a randomised trial comparing one-stage with two-stage revision would be feasible...
April 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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