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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924429/number-location-and-time-since-prior-fracture-as-predictors-of-future-fracture-in-elderly-from-the-general-population
#1
Claudia Beaudoin, Sonia Jean, Lynne Moore, Philippe Gamache, Louis Bessette, Louis-Georges Ste-Marie, Jacques P Brown
Prognostic tools are available to identify individuals at high risk of osteoporotic fracture and assist physicians in management decisions. Some authors have suggested improving the predictive ability of current tools by integrating characteristics of prior fractures (number, location and time since prior fracture). The objectives of this study were i) to evaluate the sex-age-specific association between characteristics of prior fractures and the occurrence of a future osteoporotic fracture and ii) to assess whether the characteristics of prior fractures could increase the discriminative ability of fracture risk prediction tools...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912071/influence-of-sex-on-current-methods-of-adjusting-saddle-height-in-indoor-cycling
#2
Alberto Encarnación-Martínez, Ventura Ferrer-Roca, Juan García-López
Encarnación-Martínez, A, Ferrer-Roca, V, and García-López, J. Influence of sex on current methods of adjusting saddle height in indoor cycling. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The popularity of indoor cycling has increased in fitness centers, and therefore, proper bike fitting is important to avoid biomechanical-related injuries. However, no previous studies have compared the biomechanical kinematics of various existing protocols of saddle-height adjustment in indoor cycling. Furthermore, it was not clear if these protocols were appropriate for both men and women, as these equations were primarily obtained in male cyclists...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851722/the-predictive-factors-associated-with-comorbidities-for-treatment-response-in-outpatients-with-king-classification-iii-diabetes-foot-ulcers
#3
Chun-Lin Su, Chang-Cheng Chang, Yun-Shing Peng, Mei-Yen Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the preexisting predictive factors associated with comorbidities for diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) in King classification III at an outpatient clinic. METHOD: This prospective study included 100 patients with DFU in King classification III treated at outpatient clinics in Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from January 2011 to December 2011. The least follow-up time was 1 year. Medical documentations were in respect of patient's baseline characteristics, associated history, presence of comorbidities, follow-up time, and condition of wounds...
May 30, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843683/does-hallux-valgus-impair-physical-function
#4
Akinobu Nishimura, Naoya Ito, Shigeto Nakazora, Ko Kato, Toru Ogura, Akihiro Sudo
BACKGROUND: The relationships between radiographic hallux valgus (HV) and various physical functions independent of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were examined among residents of a mountain village in Japan. METHODS: Study participants were recruited from mountain village residents aged ≥50 years. Participants' height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were measured, and baseline data, including age, sex, and foot pain, were obtained using interviews and questionnaires...
May 29, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802874/early-life-stress-in-rats-sex-dependently-affects-remote-endocrine-rather-than-behavioral-consequences-of-adult-exposure-to-contextual-fear-conditioning
#5
Sílvia Fuentes, Núria Daviu, Humberto Gagliano, Xavier Belda, Antonio Armario, Roser Nadal
Exposure to electric foot-shocks can induce in rodents contextual fear conditioning, generalization of fear to other contexts and sensitization of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to further stressors. All these aspects are relevant for the study of post-traumatic stress disorder. In the present work we evaluated in rats the sex differences and the role of early life stress (ELS) in fear memories, generalization and sensitization. During the first postnatal days subjects were exposed to restriction of nesting material along with exposure to a "substitute" mother...
May 23, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794815/increasing-sbp-variability-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-developing-incident-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#6
Meghan B Brennan, Marylou Guihan, Elly Budiman-Mak, Hyojung Kang, Jennifer M Lobo, Bryn L Sutherland, Nicholas Emanuele, Elbert S Huang, Min-Woong Sohn
OBJECTIVE: SBP variability may be a target for mitigating end-organ damage associated with vascular disease. We evaluated the relationship between increased SBP variability and risk of incident diabetic foot ulceration. METHODS: Using a nested case-control design, we followed patients diagnosed with diabetes and treated within the US Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare system for development of a diabetic foot ulcer (event) between 2006 and 2010. Each case was randomly matched to up to five controls based on age, sex, race/ethnicity, and calendar time...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794297/prevalence-of-self-reported-musculoskeletal-pain-symptoms-among-school-age-adolescents-age-and-sex-differences
#7
Orawan Keeratisiroj, Wantana Siritaratiwat
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-specific musculoskeletal pain symptoms are common in adolescents and may differ between the sexes, and be related to age and daily activities. It is critical to examine the prevalence and frequency of symptoms in adolescent students who tend to have pain which interferes with their routine activities. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and frequency of self-reported musculoskeletal pain symptoms by age and sex, and we also examined the association of symptoms with routine activities of school-age adolescents by area of pain...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793095/sex-hormones-affect-acute-and-chronic-stress-responses-in-sexually-dimorphic-patterns-consequences-for-depression-models
#8
Lei Guo, Yi-Xi Chen, Yu-Ting Hu, Xue-Yan Wu, Yang He, Juan-Li Wu, Man-Li Huang, Matthew Mason, Ai-Min Bao
BACKGROUND: Alterations in peripheral sex hormones may play an important role in sex differences in terms of stress responses and mood disorders. It is not yet known whether and how stress-related brain systems and brain sex steroid levels fluctuate in relation to changes in peripheral sex hormone levels, or whether the different sexes show different patterns. We aimed to investigate systematically, in male and female rats, the effect of decreased circulating sex hormone levels following gonadectomy on acute and chronic stress responses, manifested as changes in plasma and hypothalamic sex steroids and hypothalamic stress-related molecules...
May 21, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791040/presence-of-chronic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-is-associated-with-more-frequent-and-more-advanced-retinopathy
#9
A Sellman, P Katzman, S Andreasson, M Löndahl
AIMS: To clarify the frequency and severity of diabetic retinopathy in a group of people with Type 2 diabetes and chronic diabetic foot ulcers, and to compare visual acuity, levels of retinopathy and clinical significant macular oedema with a matched control group of people with Type 2 diabetes without a history of chronic diabetic foot ulcers. METHODS: Visual acuity and fundus imaging were evaluated in 90 white people with at least 3 months' duration of full-thickness diabetic foot ulcers below the ankle and the results compared with those in 180 white people with Type 2 diabetes without a history of chronic diabetic foot ulcers (control group)...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786411/bad-transmission-and-sad-distribution-a-new-scenario-for-critical-limb-ischemia
#10
Roberto Ferraresi, Giovanni Mauri, Fabrizio Losurdo, Nicola Troisi, Diego Brancaccio, Carlo M Caravaggi, Luca Neri
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies on peripheral artery disease (PAD) focused on above-the-ankle artery disease, while less is known about foot artery disease. We hypothesize a scenario were two different diseases can be present in PAD patients, big artery disease (BAD) and small artery disease (SAD), overlapping at the foot level; the aim of this study is to evaluate their prevalence and their correlation with risk factors and critical limb ischemia (CLI) in a large cohort of patients with symptomatic PAD...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#11
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775828/size-season-and-origin-of-gastropods-matter-in-imposex-assessments
#12
Martina Rossato, Mércia Barcelos Costa, Ítalo Braga de Castro, Grasiela Lopes Leães Pinho
Through controlled exposure to tributyltin (TBT), the effects of season, size, and population origin were evaluated on imposex incidence in Stramonita brasiliensis. Four experiments were carried out with organisms collected from three different sites on the Brazilian coast (Torres - Rio Grande do Sul, Farol de Santa Marta - Santa Catarina, and Aracruz - Espírito Santo). S. brasiliensis were anesthetized, sexed, measured, classified by size in small (< 30 mm), medium (≥ 30 to ≤ 40 mm), or big (> 40 mm) and injected in the foot muscle with 0...
May 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762278/comparison-of-intermediate-to-long-term-outcomes-of-total-ankle-arthroplasty-in-ankles-with-preoperative-varus-valgus-and-neutral-alignment
#13
Gun-Woo Lee, Shao-Hua Wang, Keun-Bae Lee
BACKGROUND: Preoperative ankle coronal malalignment has been considered as a risk factor for poor outcomes and failure after total ankle arthroplasty. The present study evaluated whether intermediate to long-term outcomes of total ankle arthroplasty in ankles with preoperative varus and valgus malalignment (5° to 20°) are comparable with those with neutral alignment (<5°). METHODS: We enrolled 144 consecutive ankles that underwent primary total ankle arthroplasty (140 patients) using a mobile-bearing HINTEGRA prosthesis with a minimum follow-up of 4 years; the mean overall follow-up duration was 89 months (51 to 145 months)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753655/are-the-u-s-territories-lagging-behind-in-diabetes-care-practices
#14
Rachel P Ogilvie, Shivani A Patel, K M Venkat Narayan, Neil K Mehta
AIMS: Although U.S. territories fall within the mandate outlined by Healthy People 2020, they remain neglected in diabetes care research. We compared the prevalence and secular trends of four recommended diabetes care practices in the U.S. territories of Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands to the 50 United States and D.C. ("U.S. States") in 2001-2015. METHODS: Data were from 390,268 adult participants with self-reported physician diagnosed diabetes in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
May 9, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750054/how-do-patients-with-diabetes-report-their-comorbidities-comparison-with-administrative-data
#15
Jonas Hoffmann, Burkhard Haastert, Manuela Brüne, Matthias Kaltheuner, Alexander Begun, Nadja Chernyak, Andrea Icks
Aims: Patients with diabetes are probably often unaware of their comorbidities. We estimated agreement between self-reported comorbidities and administrative data. Methods: In a random sample of 464 diabetes patients, data from a questionnaire asking about the presence of 14 comorbidities closely related to diabetes were individually linked with statutory health insurance data. Results: Specificities were >97%, except cardiac insufficiency (94...
2018: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737565/pain-processing-in-functional-and-idiopathic-dystonia-an-exploratory-study
#16
Francesca Morgante, Angela Matinella, Elisa Andrenelli, Lucia Ricciardi, Cosimo Allegra, Carmen Terranova, Paolo Girlanda, Michele Tinazzi
BACKGROUND: Pain is often experienced by patients with functional dystonia and idiopathic cervical dystonia and is likely to be determined by different neural mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: In this exploratory study, we tested the sensory-discriminative and cognitive-emotional component of pain in patients with functional and idiopathic dystonia. METHODS: Ten patients with idiopathic cervical dystonia, 12 patients with functional dystonia, and 16 age- and sex-matched healthy controls underwent psychophysical testing of tactile and pain thresholds and pain tolerance...
May 8, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734124/ankle-joint-function-during-walking-in-tophaceous-gout-a-biomechanical-gait-analysis-study
#17
Matthew Carroll, Mark Boocock, Nicola Dalbeth, Sarah Stewart, Christopher Frampton, Keith Rome
BACKGROUND: The foot and ankle are frequently affected in tophaceous gout, yet kinematic and kinetic changes in this region during gait are unknown. The aim of the study was to evaluate ankle biomechanical characteristics in people with tophaceous gout using three-dimensional gait analysis. METHODS: Twenty-four participants with tophaceous gout were compared with 24 age-and sex-matched control participants. A 9-camera motion analysis system and two floor-mounted force plates were used to calculate kinematic and kinetic parameters...
April 17, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732492/joint-hyperlaxity-prevents-relapses-in-clubfeet-treated-by-ponseti-method-preliminary-results
#18
Dan Ionuţ Cosma, Andrei Corbu, Dan Viorel Nistor, Adrian Todor, Madalina Valeanu, Jose Morcuende, Sorin Man
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of joint hyperlaxity (by Beighton score) as a protective factor for clubfoot relapse. METHODS: Patients with idiopathic clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method between January 2004 and December 2012, without other congenital foot deformity, and not previously treated by open surgery were included in either the Relapse group (n = 23) if it was a clubfoot relapse or the Control group (n = 19) if no relapse was noted...
May 7, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727777/centre-of-pressure-characteristics-during-walking-in-individuals-with-and-without-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-osteoarthritis
#19
Hylton B Menz, Maria Auhl, Jade M Tan, Andrew K Buldt, Shannon E Munteanu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare centre of pressure characteristics during walking in individuals with and without first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis (1st MTPJ OA), in order to provide insights into alterations in foot function associated with this condition. METHODS: Twenty people with 1st MTPJ OA and 20 asymptomatic controls matched for age, sex and body mass index underwent gait analysis using the emed® -x400 plantar pressure system (Novel GmbH, Germany)...
April 26, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726089/diabetic-foot-syndrome-dfs-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-multicenter-german-austrian-dpv-analysis-on-33-870-dfs-patients-among-358-986-adult-subjects-with-diabetes
#20
Barbara Bohn, Arthur Grünerbel, Marcus Altmeier, Carsten Giesche, Martin Pfeifer, Christian Wagner, Nikolai Heise, Frank Best, Peter Fasching, Reinhard W Holl
AIMS: The diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) is a serious complication in patients with diabetes increasing the risk for minor/major amputations. This analysis aimed to examine differences in diabetes patients with or without DFS stratified by type 1 (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Adult patients (≥20y of age) with diabetes from the German/Austrian DPV-registry were included. The cross-sectional study comprised 45,722 subjects with T1D (nDFS =2,966) and 313,264 with T2D (nDFS =30,904)...
May 3, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
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