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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814108/association-of-anxiety-and-depression-with-pain-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-foot-and-ankle-diseases
#1
Ryosuke Nakagawa, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Seiji Kimura, Aya Sadamasu, Yohei Yamamoto, Yasunori Sato, Ryuichiro Akagi, Takahisa Sasho, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to clarify the incidence of anxiety and depression among patients with chronic foot and ankle diseases and to examine the independent association of anxiety and depression with pain and quality of life. METHODS: Patients who visited the foot and ankle clinic from April 2015 to November 2016 were recruited. Anxiety and depression in patients were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Pain and quality of life were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) and Self-Administered Foot Evaluation Questionnaire (SAFE-Q), respectively...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808276/growing-up-habitually-barefoot-influences-the-development-of-foot-and-arch-morphology-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
Karsten Hollander, Johanna Elsabe de Villiers, Susanne Sehner, Karl Wegscheider, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Ranel Venter, Astrid Zech
The development of the human foot is crucial for motor learning in children and adolescents as it ensures the basic requirements for bipedal locomotion and stable standing. Although there is an ongoing debate of the advantages and disadvantages of early and permanent footwear use, the influence of regular barefootness on foot characteristics in different stages of child development has not been extensively evaluated. A multicenter epidemiological study was conducted to compare the foot morphology between habitually barefoot children and adolescents (N = 810) to age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched counterparts that are used to wearing shoes...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806710/foot-strike-pattern-in-children-during-shod-unshod-running
#3
Pedro Ángel Latorre Román, Fernando Redondo Balboa, Felipe García Pinillos
The purpose of this study was to determine the foot strike patterns (FSPs) and neutral support (no INV/EVE and no foot rotation) in children, as well as to determine the influence of shod/unshod conditions and sex. A total of 713 children, aged 6 to 16 years, participated in this study (Age=10.28±2.71years, body mass index [BMI]=19.70±3.91kg/m(2), 302 girls and 411 boys). A sagittal and frontal-plane video (240Hz) was recorded using a high-speed camcorder, to record the following variables: rearfoot strike (RFS), midfoot strike (MFS), forefoot strike (FFS), inversion/eversion (INV/EVE) and foot rotation on initial contact...
August 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800707/radiographic-results-and-return-to-activity-after-sesamoidectomy-for-fracture
#4
Justin M Kane, James W Brodsky, Yahya Daoud
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available comparing the results of lateral sesamoidectomy and medial sesamoidectomy for the treatment of fractures recalcitrant to nonoperative treatment interventions. The hypothesis of this study was that sesamoidectomy for either lateral or medial sesamoid fractures would not change radiographic alignment of the first ray given the use of identical reconstruction of the plantar plate, intersesamoid ligament, and plantar ligament complex at the time of surgery...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777279/fat-graft-and-bone-wax-interposition-provides-better-functional-outcomes-and-lower-reossification-rates-than-extensor-digitorum-brevis-after-calcaneonavicular-coalition-resection
#5
Javier Masquijo, Victoria Allende, Armando Torres-Gomez, Matthew B Dobbs
BACKGROUND: Calcaneonavicular coalitions are the most common form of tarsal coalitions. The prefered treatment for symptomatic coalitions is surgical resection; however, there are no published studies that directly compare different interposition techniques. The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively compare pain relief, functional outcomes, and complications of children and adolescents who had a resection of a symptomatic calcaneonavicular coalition with interposition of fat graft, bone wax, or extensor digitorum brevis (EDB)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734269/crime-scene-reconstruction-sex-prediction-from-blood-stained-foot-sole-impressions
#6
Nabanita Basu, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay
It is often difficult to predict the sex of an individual based on bloody incomplete footprints. However, such prints/impressions are particularly common in a crime scene. Again variability in the texture, color of the target surface has an impact on the bloodstained impression formed. The study of bare foot, footprint, footwear (i.e. shoe, canvas etc.) within the legal context is referred to as forensic podiatry. Based on the fact that it is possible to predict the sex of an individual from footprint impressions, an automated model has been proposed in this paper for analyzing the sex of an individual from his/her broken/incomplete footprint impressions based on morphological features alone...
June 26, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719274/risk-factors-for-podoconiosis-kamwenge-district-western-uganda-september-2015
#7
Christine Kihembo, Ben Masiira, William Z Lali, Gabriel K Matwale, Joseph K B Matovu, Frank Kaharuza, Alex R Ario, Immaculate Nabukenya, Issa Makumbi, Monica Musenero, Bao-Ping Zhu, Miriam Nanyunja
AbstractPodoconiosis, a noninfectious elephantiasis, is a disabling neglected tropical disease. In August 2015, an elephantiasis case-cluster was reported in Kamwenge District, western Uganda. We investigated to identify the disease's nature and risk factors. We defined a suspected podoconiosis case as onset in a Kamwenge resident of bilateral asymmetrical lower limb swelling lasting ≥ 1 month, plus ≥ 1 of the following associated symptoms: skin itching, burning sensation, plantar edema, lymph ooze, prominent skin markings, rigid toes, or mossy papillomata...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715540/predictors-of-hand-foot-syndrome-and-pyridoxine-for-prevention-of-capecitabine-induced-hand-foot-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Yoon-Sim Yap, Li-Lian Kwok, Nicholas Syn, Wen Yee Chay, John Whay Kuang Chia, Chee Kian Tham, Nan Soon Wong, Soo Kien Lo, Rebecca Alexandra Dent, Sili Tan, Zuan Yu Mok, King Xin Koh, Han Chong Toh, Wen Hsin Koo, Marie Loh, Raymond Chee Hui Ng, Su Pin Choo, Richie Chuan Teck Soong
Importance: Hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is a common adverse effect of capecitabine treatment. Objective: To compare the incidence and time to onset of grade 2 or greater HFS in patients receiving pyridoxine vs placebo and to identify biomarkers predictive of HFS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-center, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial conducted at National Cancer Centre Singapore assessed whether oral pyridoxine could prevent the onset of grade 2 or higher HFS in 210 patients scheduled to receive single-agent capecitabine chemotherapy for breast, colorectal, and other cancers...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704763/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-type-2-diabetes-associations-with-clinical-diabetes-measures-and-self-management-outcomes-in-the-norwegian-hunt-study
#9
Kiyuri Naicker, Simon Øverland, Jeffrey A Johnson, Douglas Manuel, Jens C Skogen, Børge Sivertsen, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: To determine if symptoms of depression and anxiety are differentially associated with clinical diabetes measures and self-management behaviours in individuals with Type 2 diabetes, and whether these associations vary by patient sex. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis using data from 2035 adults with Type 2 diabetes in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Multivariate logistic regression was used to explore associations between symptoms of depression and anxiety and waist girth, HDL cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, triglycerides, c-reactive protein, glycemic control, diet adherence, exercise, glucose monitoring, foot checks for ulcers, and the subjective patient experience...
July 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687543/injury-epidemiology-of-tennis-players-at-the-2011-2016-australian-open-grand-slam
#10
Danielle T Gescheit, Stuart J Cormack, Rob Duffield, Stephanie Kovalchik, Tim O Wood, Melanie Omizzolo, Machar Reid
AIM: To examine the epidemiology and in-event treatment frequency of injury at the 2011-2016 Australian Open tournaments. METHODS: Injury incidence was defined as a medical consultation by a tournament physician and in-event treatment frequency as the mean total number of follow-up medical/physiotherapy consultations (2013-2016 tournaments only). Data were collated by sex, injury region and type and reported as frequencies per 10 000 game exposures. Incidence rate s± 95% CI and rate ratios were used to test effects for injury, sex and year...
July 7, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684703/western-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-physical-activity-and-fitness-among-spanish-older-adults
#11
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Emma Argelich, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Pons, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Josep A Tur
Objectives: To assess prevailing food patterns, and its association with physical activity and fitness among Spanish older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional study in Spain, collecting data from a sample (n = 380; 54% female) aged 55-80 years (men) and 60-80 years (women) with no previously documented cardiovascular disease. Body weight, body fat and waist circumference were assessed. Physical activity performed was measured using the Minnesota Leisure-time Physical Activity Questionnaire (LTPA). Physical fitness was assessed using a validated physical fitness test battery...
July 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682679/influence-of-epidemiologic-and-patient-behavior-related-predictors-on-amputation-rates-in-diabetic-patients-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Nae-Ho Lee, Kyung-Moo Yang
Amputation of patients with diabetic foot is a major issue worldwide, particularly from a medical and economic standpoint. This meta-analysis aimed to identify significant risk factors of high amputation rate among epidemiologic and patient behavior-related predictors in diabetic patients. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis were performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. Seven variables were extracted from the included studies and evaluated based on amputation rate. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to assess the quality of the studies...
March 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676409/enterococci-in-orthopaedic-infections-who-is-at-risk-getting-infected
#13
Ilker Uçkay, Daniela Pires, Americo Agostinho, Nastassia Guanziroli, Mehmet Öztürk, Placido Bartolone, Philippe Tscholl, Michael Betz, Didier Pittet
Some orthopaedic patients might be at risk for enterococcal infections and might benefit from adapted perioperative prophylaxis. METHODS: We performed a single-center cohort of adult patients with orthopaedic infections. RESULTS: Among 2740 infection episodes, 665 surgeries (24%) involved osteosynthesis material, including total joint arthroplasties. The recommended perioperative prophylaxis was cefuroxime (or vancomycin in case of documented MRSA body carriage)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670344/the-influence-of-gender-and-body-mass-index-on-the-fpi-6-evaluated-foot-posture-of-10-to-14-year-old-school-children-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Barbarah Kelly Gonçalves de Carvalho, Patrícia Jundi Penha, Nárima Lívia Jundi Penha, Rodrigo Mantelatto Andrade, Ana Paula Ribeiro, Sílvia Maria Amado João
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is marked by changes to the body, including the feet. The Foot Posture Index (FPI-6) stands out from other foot type classification methods as valid, reliable, and multidimensional. However, the current literature differs according to age group, with little consolidation of normative data in school children, largely due to the influence of such factors as sex, age and body mass index (BMI). Thus, this study assesses foot posture in adolescents according to age, sex and BMI...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657168/differences-in-body-composition-and-physical-function-related-to-pure-sarcopenia-and-sarcopenic-obesity-a-study-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-japan
#15
Takeshi Kera, Hisashi Kawai, Hirohiko Hirano, Motonaga Kojima, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Kazushige Ihara, Shuichi Obuchi
AIM: We compared skeletal muscle mass and physical function between older adults with sarcopenia and those with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: Body composition and physical and cognitive function were measured for 1283 community-dwelling older adults. Participants responded to questionnaires about pain and exercise. The pure sarcopenia group (PS) included individuals with sarcopenia only. The sarcopenic obesity group (SO) included individuals with both sarcopenia and obesity...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647205/measurement-properties-of-visual-rating-of-postural-orientation-errors-of-the-lower-extremity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jenny Nae, Mark W Creaby, Anna Cronström, Eva Ageberg
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review measurement properties of visual assessment and rating of Postural Orientation Errors (POEs) in participants with or without lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: A systematic review according to the PRISMA guidelines was conducted. The search was performed in Medline (Pubmed), CINAHL and EMBASE (OVID) databases until August 2016. Studies reporting measurement properties for visual rating of postural orientation during the performance of weight-bearing functional tasks were included...
April 18, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631280/age-and-sex-associated-morphological-variations-of-metatarsal-torsional-patterns-in-humans
#17
Masateru Kitashiro, Naomichi Ogihara, Tetsuro Kokubo, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Takeo Nagura
It has been demonstrated that the torsional patterns of the metatarsal heads are associated with the presence or absence of the medial longitudinal arch in hominoid feet. The relatively untwisted second metatarsal is unique in humans, but that of the African apes is much more inverted, suggesting that the torsion of the second metatarsal might represent the overall shape and flatness of the foot. Some clinical studies have recently argued that the onset of foot pathologies such as hallux valgus might be related to the torsional pattern of the metatarsals...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617260/pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-in-southern-italy-a-5-years-study
#18
Gianmarco Troiano, Nicola Nante, Guglielmo Lucio Citarelli
INTRODUCTION: Baropodometrical digital techniques map the pressures exerted on the foot plant during both static and dynamic loadings. The study of the distribution of such pressures makes it possible to evaluate the postural and locomotory biomechanics together with its pathological variations. METHODS: From January 2011 to August 2016 we conducted a cross sectional study in order to diagnose flatfoot and hollowfoot through the baropodometric analysis, and collecting additional information such as gender and the age...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614212/phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumors-clinicopathologic-immunohistochemical-and-molecular-analysis-of-22-cases-expanding-their-morphologic-and-immunophenotypic-spectrum
#19
Abbas Agaimy, Michael Michal, Simion Chiosea, Fredrik Petersson, Ladislav Hadravsky, Glenn Kristiansen, Raymund E Horch, Jan Schmolders, Arndt Hartmann, Florian Haller, Michal Michal
Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor (PMT) is a rare neoplasm of uncertain histogenesis that has been linked to tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) since 1959. The neoplastic cells produce increased amount of FGF23 which results in TIO via uncontrolled renal loss of phosphate (phosphaturia), and consequently diminished bone mineralization. To date, ∼300 cases have been reported. Although there is increasing evidence that PMT can be diagnosed by reproducible histopathologic features, firm diagnosis has been often restricted to cases associated with TIO and, hence, diagnosis of "nonphosphaturic variants" remained challenging...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611995/an-update-on-the-disappearing-nail-bed
#20
Ralph Daniel, Babaev Meir, Shemer Avner
BACKGROUND: The nail bed may epithelialize and develop dermatoglyphics after long-standing onycholysis. We have called this phenomenon the disappearing nail bed (DNB). DNB may present as a shortened or narrow nail bed. METHODS: Examination of all 20 nails was performed in each patient enrolled to the study. DNB was defined as the presence of a nail which is at least 20% shorter and/or narrower than the identical nail on the opposite hand or foot. Age, sex, and nail history were recorded...
March 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
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