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Foot sex

Xin Yao, Lian-Lian Bian, Wei-Wei Lu, Jing-Xin Li, Qun-Ying Mao, Yi-Ping Wang, Fan Gao, Xing Wu, Qiang Ye, Xiu-Ling Li, Feng-Cai Zhu, Zhenglun Liang
Herpangina (HA) and hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) are common infectious diseases caused by human enteroviruses and frequently occurr in young children. Previous published studies have mainly focused on HFMD, while the HA epidemiological and etiological characteristics in mainland China have not been described. From June, 2013 to March, 2014, HA and HFMD patients were monitored in participants from clinical trial of EV-A71 vaccine conducted during 2012-2013. A total of 95 HA patients and 161 HFMD patients were defined...
October 21, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Donna J Toufexis, Olga Lipatova, Abbie C Johnson, Alfonso Abizaid
Food restriction has been reported to reduce anxiety-like behavior in male rats, while the effects of food restriction on anxiety in female rats are less clear. Ghrelin is a peptide hormone produced and secreted in the stomach that stimulates food intake and is believed to play a role in reward and emotional responses like fear expression. Under food restriction endogenous ghrelin levels increase. Here, we examined the effect of moderate food restriction (80% of ad-libitum fed weight), with or without an acute application of a small dose of exogenous ghrelin intended to cause an immediate hunger response, on the expression of the acoustic startle reflex (ASR)...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
Tao Sun, Haitao Zhao, Lingxiang Wang, Wenjuan Wu, Wenhai Hu
PURPOSE: Our aim was to identify the incidence and distribution of sesamoid bones plantar to the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints in adults, and to evaluate patterns of coincidence among these sesamoid bones. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 7949 plain radiographs obtained from patients evaluated for foot trauma or symptomology. Associations between the distributions of MTP sesamoid bones as well as the association of age, sex, and laterality with identified prevalence, distribution, and coincidence were evaluated using Spearman's correlation coefficient...
October 14, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Sheena L Dupuy, Fariha Khalid, Brian C Healy, Sonya Bakshi, Mohit Neema, Shahamat Tauhid, Rohit Bakshi
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord atrophy occurs early in multiple sclerosis (MS) and impacts disability. The therapeutic effect of interferon beta-1a (IFNβ-1a) on spinal cord atrophy in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS has not been explored. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 16 consecutive patients receiving weekly intramuscular IFNβ-1a for 2 years [baseline age (mean ± SD) 47.7 ± 7.5 years, Expanded Disability Status Scale score median (range) 1...
October 5, 2016: BMC Medical Imaging
Nasir Ud Din, Pingchuan Zhang, William R Sukov, Christopher A Sattler, Sarah M Jenkins, Leona A Doyle, Andrew L Folpe, Karen J Fritchie
OBJECTIVES: Spindle cell lipomas (SCLs) are benign lipomatous neoplasms that classically arise in the posterior neck, upper back, and shoulders of older male patients. We sought to characterize the occurrence of this entity at nonclassic sites. METHODS: All cases of SCL arising at atypical sites were retrieved from our archives. RESULTS: Of 439 total cases of SCL, 57 arose at atypical locations in 32 men and 25 women (age range, 27-79 years)...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Hyun Suk Suh, Tae Suk Oh, Ho Seung Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Yong Pil Cho, Joong Ryul Park, Joon Pio Hong
BACKGROUND: Major vessels in the diabetic foot are often calcified and inadequate for use as recipient vessels. Thus, a supermicrosurgery technique using small branches or perforators from other collateral vessels with an adequate pulse may be an alternative method. This study evaluated outcome using the supermicrosurgery concept and the risk factors involved. METHODS: Ninety-five cases of diabetic foot reconstruction were reviewed; the average patient age was 57 years; average follow-up was 43...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
André Schmidt, Andrea Meurer, Katharina Lenarz, Lutz Vogt, Dara Froemel, Frederick Lutz, John Barker, Felix Stief
In order to reduce pain caused by the affected hip joint, unilateral hip osteoarthritis patients (HOAP) adopt characteristic gait patterns. However, it is unknown if the knee and hip joint loading in the non-affected (limbnon-affected ) and the affected (limbaffected ) limb differ from healthy controls (HC) and which gait parameters correlate with potential abnormal joint loading. Instrumented 3D-gait analysis was performed on 18 HOAP and 18 sex, age, and height matched HC. The limbnon-affected showed greater first and second peak external hip adduction moments (first HAM: +15%, p = 0...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Stephen A Alabi, Blessing C Didia, Gabriel Sunday Oladipo, Eric O Aigbogun
BACKGROUND: Sex determination is an important and one of the foremost criteria in establishing the identity of an individual, and this is achieved by investigating various anatomical structures to establish sex discriminatory features. The present study conducted baseline data for the toe with a view of finding discriminatory sex characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 420 subjects were studied by direct linear measurements of the toe length (big toe [1T] to the fifth toes [5T]) of both feet using a digital Vernier caliper with accuracy of 0...
July 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Malindu E Fernando, Robert G Crowther, Peter A Lazzarini, Kunwarjit S Sangla, Scott Wearing, Petra Buttner, Jonathan Golledge
BACKGROUND: Current international guidelines advocate achieving at least a 30 % reduction in maximum plantar pressure to reduce the risk of foot ulcers in people with diabetes. However, whether plantar pressures differ in cases with foot ulcers to controls without ulcers is not clear. The aim of this study was to assess if plantar pressures were higher in patients with active plantar diabetic foot ulcers (cases) compared to patients with diabetes without a foot ulcer history (diabetes controls) and people without diabetes or a foot ulcer history (healthy controls)...
September 15, 2016: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Novie Safita, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Clara K Chow, Louis Niessen, Andreas Lechner, Rolf Holle, Michael Laxy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between diabetes and health related quality of life (HRQL) in lower-middle income countries. This study aimed to investigate HRQL among individuals with and without diabetes in Bangladesh. METHODS: The analysis is based on data of a case-control study, including 591 patients with type 2 diabetes (cases) who attended an outpatient unit of a hospital in Dhaka and 591 age -and sex-matched individuals without diabetes (controls)...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
K Carter, M Lahiri, P P Cheung, A Santosa, K Rome
BACKGROUND: Foot problems are highly prevalent in people with inflammatory arthritis reported from studies in the UK, Europe and New Zealand, but there is limited evidence from Southeast Asia. The study aim was to evaluate the prevalence of foot problems in people with inflammatory arthritis in Singapore. METHODS: People with inflammatory arthritis were recruited from the rheumatology outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in Singapore. Disease and clinical characteristics included age, sex, disease duration, current blood tests and medications...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Gustav Jarl, Lars-Olov Lundqvist
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic shoes are prescribed to prevent diabetic foot ulcers, but adherence to wearing the shoes is often poor. AIM: The aim of this study was to review the literature on factors that are associated with adherence to wearing therapeutic shoes and construct a model of adherence to aid future research and development in the field. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO for quantitative studies on factors associated with adherence to wearing therapeutic shoes among people with diabetes...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Ping Hu, Jing Tao, Mingming Cui, Chenglong Gao, Pengfei Lu, Youqing Luo
BACKGROUND: Eogystia hippophaecolus (Hua et al.) (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) is the major threat to seabuckthorn plantations in China. Specific and highly efficient artificial sex pheromone traps was developed and used to control it. However, the molecular basis for the pheromone recognition is not known. So we established the antennal transcriptome of E. hippophaecolus and characterized the expression profiles of odorant binding proteins. These results establish and improve the basis knowledge of the olfactory receptive system, furthermore provide a theoretical basis for the development of new pest control method...
2016: BMC Genomics
Mariana Angela Rossaneis, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad, Thaís Aidar de Freitas Mathias, Sonia Silva Marcon
OBJECTIVE: to investigate differences with regard to foot self-care and lifestyle between men and women with diabetes mellitus. METHOD: cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of 1,515 individuals with diabetes mellitus aged 40 years old or older. Poisson regression models were used to identity differences in foot self-care deficit and lifestyle between sexes, adjusting for socioeconomic and clinical characteristics, smoking and alcohol consumption. RESULTS: foot self-care deficit, characterized by not regularly drying between toes; not regularly checking feet; walking barefoot; poor hygiene and inappropriately trimmed nails, was significantly higher among men, though men presented a lower prevalence of feet scaling and use of inappropriate shoes when compared to women...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Mohamed Ben Moussa, Mehdi Khalfallah, Ilhem Boutiba Ben Boubaker, Ramzi Nouira, Amine Slim, Hichem Jerraya, Chadli Dziri
BACKGROUND: Identifying the infecting bacterial flora is one of the main rules to be followed to ensure the success of antibiotherapy in the treatment of the infected diabetic foot. The aim of the work was to define the bacteriological profile of the bacteria causing the infection of the diabetic foot at the surgery unit B of Charles Nicolle's hospital in Tunis and determine the prognostic factors of this condition. METHODS: It was an open prospective study. It concerned 100 diabetic patients operated on for diabetic foot infection...
February 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Jee Chin Teoh, Dong Yeon Lee, Taeyong Lee
Foot abnormality has become a public health concern. Early detection of pathological soft tissue is therefore an important preventive measure, especially in older people who generally have a higher risk of foot pathology. However, the interpretation of plantar tissue stiffness data - whether to normalize the data or to separate the data on the basis of sex- remains questionable. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of sex and physical attributes such as body mass (BM) and body mass index (BMI) on plantar soft-tissue stiffness, and to evaluate whether it is necessary to isolate the differences in sex, BM and BMI in the data analysis...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Marwa Ahmed, Sherif A Reffat, Amany Hassan, Fikry Eskander
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcer is considered as a major health problem that predisposes to limb amputation. Among the different methods to achieve ulcer healing, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel is gaining popularity. It is thought to stimulate wound closure by providing essential growth factors for healing. This study aims to evaluate the value of autologous PRP gel in the treatment of diabetic ulcers. METHODS: The study included 56 patients of both sex from 18 to 80 years, with clean chronic diabetic foot ulcers divided into 2 equal groups...
August 12, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
L Marais, M Pernot, H Khettab, M Tanter, E Messas, M Zidi, S Laurent, P Boutouyrie
OBJECTIVE: The question whether arterial stiffness in hypertension is increased solely because of increased arterial pressure is not solved. Because measurement of arterial stiffness is highly dependent on measurement of blood pressure (BP), the development of methods independent of BP is necessary for clarifying this question. Ultrafast echography (UFE, Supersonic Imagine, Aix en Provence, France) makes use of very fast sampling rate (up to 10 kHz), so transient events such as pressure wave arrival can be tracked...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yamato Tsuji, Tadanobu Okumura, Masahiko Kitahara, Zhaowen Jiang
To evaluate the seed shadow generated by wild Japanese martens (Martes melampus), we combined data on their ranging behavior from the northern foot of Mt. Fuji, central Japan (seven males and three females) with data on gut passage time obtained from martens in Toyama Municipal Family Park Zoo (three males and one female). The movement distances varied, and mean distances for 0-1, 2-3, and 4-5 h intervals were 152.4, 734.7, and 1,162.4 m, respectively, with no significant sex difference. The mean gut passage time of ingested seeds was 7...
August 2016: Zoological Science
Klara Novotna, Lukas Sobisek, Dana Horakova, Eva Havrdova, Jana Lizrova Preiningerova
BACKGROUND: Gait impairment is a common symptom in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, but there is a lack of evidence about gait performance in the group of MS patients with no apparent disability. The aim of our study was to evaluate gait characteristics in MS patients with no apparent impairment of walking and with an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS 0-1.5), and to determine whether any abnormalities are detectable by common clinical tests. METHODS: This was an observational study of 64 MS patients with an EDSS 0-1...
August 6, 2016: European Neurology
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