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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673013/postural-control-during-a-transition-task-in-haemophilic-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-haemophilic-ankle-arthropathy
#1
K Deschamps, F Staes, M Eerdekens, K Peerlinck, C Hermans, J Vandesande, S Lobet
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether young haemophilic boys with and without MRI-based signs of ankle arthropathy demonstrate reduced balance ability during a transition task with eyes open and eyes closed. METHODS: Thirty-four haemophilic bodies and 28 typically developing boys aged 6-20 years participated to this study. Structural integrity of the tarsal foot joints of all haemophilic boys was assessed with MRI. All participants performed a standard transition task from double-leg stance to single-leg stance with eyes open and eyes closed...
April 19, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660080/contributions-of-ankle-knee-hip-and-trunk-muscle-function-to-gait-performance-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#2
Mark M Mañago, Jeffrey R Hebert, John Kittelson, Margaret Schenkman
Background: The relative importance of lower extremity and trunk muscle function to gait in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association of lower extremity and trunk muscle function with gait performance in people who have MS and mild to moderate disability. Design: This was a cross-sectional, observational study. Methods: Participants were people who had an Expanded Disability Status Scale score of ≤ 5...
April 6, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652702/microwave-radiometry-derived-thermal-changes-of-small-joints-as-additional-potential-biomarker-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-prospective-pilot-study
#3
George Pentazos, Katerina Laskari, Kleanthis Prekas, John Raftakis, Petros P Sfikakis, Elias Siores
OBJECTIVE: A prospective pilot study was performed using microwave radiometry (MR), a noninvasive method detecting in-depth tissue temperature, to evaluate whether temperature-of-small-joint-derived scores correlate to parameters commonly used to assess disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Ten patients with active, untreated RA underwent clinical and laboratory assessments and joint ultrasound and MR of hand and foot small joints at baseline and at 15, 30, and 90 days after treatment onset...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627888/the-effect-of-high-intensity-versus-low-level-laser-therapy-in-the-management-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Banu Ordahan, Ali Yavuz Karahan, Ercan Kaydok
We aimed to compare the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF). Seventy patients were randomized into either the LLLT (8 men, 27 women; mean age 48.65 ± 10.81 years) or HILT (7 men, 28 women; mean age 48.73 ± 11.41 years) groups. LLLT (904 nm) and HILT (1064 nm) were performed three times per week, over a period of 3 weeks. Each treatment combined with silicone insole and stretching exercises. Patients' pain and functional status were evaluated with Visual Analog Scale, Heel Tenderness Index, and Foot and Ankle Outcome Score before and after treatment...
April 7, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626178/unique-clinical-and-neurophysiologic-profile-of-a-cohort-of-children-with-cmtx3
#5
Manoj Kanhangad, Kayla Cornett, Megan H Brewer, Garth A Nicholson, Monique M Ryan, Robert L Smith, Gopinath M Subramanian, Helen K Young, Stephan Züchner, Marina L Kennerson, Joshua Burns, Manoj P Menezes
OBJECTIVE: To describe in detail the clinical profile of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease subtype 3 (CMTX3) to aid appropriate genetic testing and rehabilitative therapy. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical and neurophysiologic profile and CMT Pediatric Scale (CMTPedS) assessments of 11 children with CMTX3. RESULTS: Compared with the more common forms of CMT, CMT1A and CMTX, CMTX3 was characterized by early onset with early and progressive hand weakness...
April 6, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613834/incidence-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-adults
#6
Jennifer M Weiss, Kevin G Shea, John C Jacobs, Peter C Cannamela, Ian Becker, Mark Portman, Jeffrey I Kessler
BACKGROUND: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) has frequently been described in children and adolescents, but cases of OCD in adults are certainly encountered. Little has been published on the epidemiology of OCD in adult patients. PURPOSE: To assess the frequency of OCD lesions in adults and assess the risk by age, sex, and ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: The authors assessed all patients aged 20 to 45 years from the entire database of patients enrolled as members of Kaiser Permanente Southern California from January 2011 until December 2013...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600719/comparison-of-plantar-fasciitis-injected-with-platelet-rich-plasma-vs-corticosteroids
#7
Sumit Kumar Jain, Kumar Suprashant, Sanjeev Kumar, Arun Yadav, Stephen R Kearns
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. This prospective study compared the efficacy of local injection of corticosteroids vs platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups of 40 each (group A and group B). Patients were treated with local corticosteroid injection in group A and autologous PRP injection in group B. Clinical assessment was done prior to the injection and at 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months following the injection, which included visual analog pain scale, subjective rating using the modified Roles and Maudsley score, functional outcome score by the Foot and Ankle Outcome Instrument (FAI) core scale, and the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scale...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594323/beach-handball-is-safer-than-indoor-team-handball-injury-rates-during-the-2017-european-beach-handball-championships
#8
Leonard Achenbach, Oliver Loose, Lior Laver, Florian Zeman, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Werner Krutsch
PURPOSE: Beach handball is a relatively new type of sports, which was derived from team handball. Medical issues such as frequency and severity of injury are yet unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the injury pattern and injury rates of this new type of sports. METHODS: This study investigated the injury incidence of 30 national teams (10 senior and 20 u-17 teams, 16 men's and 14 women's teams) participating in the 2017 European Beach Handball Championships...
March 28, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572843/a-retrospective-investigation-of-hexavalent-chromium-allergy-in-southern-sweden
#9
Tina Lejding, Martin Mowitz, Marléne Isaksson, Magnus Bruze, Ann Pontén, Cecilia Svedman, Erik Zimerson, Malin Engfeldt
BACKGROUND: Historically, allergic contact dermatitis caused by hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] in cement was the most common cause of invalidity attributable to skin disease in Sweden. Since the legislation to reduce Cr(VI) in cement was introduced in 1989, we rarely see allergic contact dermatitis caused by cement. OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency of contact allergy to Cr(VI) in southern Sweden in 2005-2014. METHODS: We investigated the occurrence of positive reactions to potassium dichromate 0...
March 23, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567299/association-between-self-reported-physical-activity-and-skin-autofluorescence-a-marker-of-tissue-accumulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-studyt
#10
Anna Duda-Sobczak, Bogusz Falkowski, Aleksandra Araszkiewicz, Dorota Zozulinska-Ziolkiewicz
PURPOSE: The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in local tissue is an important cause of low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress and is linked to late diabetic complications. Physical activity has various beneficial cardiometabolic effects in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and is associated with lower frequency of chronic complications of diabetes, although the specific mechanisms still remain unclear. The present study determines the association between self-reported physical activity and skin autofluorescence (AF), a marker of tissue accumulation of AGEs in adults with T1D...
March 19, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549898/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-merkel-cell-carcinoma-the-mayo-clinic-experience-of-150-patients
#11
John R Sims, Travis E Grotz, Barbara A Pockaj, Richard W Joseph, Robert L Foote, Clark C Otley, Amy L Weaver, James W Jakub, Daniel L Price
BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare cutaneous malignancy of neuroendocrine origin with a high propensity for lymph node metastasis. Sentinel lymph node (SLN) status is important for accurate staging; however, the optimal treatment following SLN biopsy, regardless of nodal status, remains unclear. METHODS: 150 patients with MCC who underwent SLN biopsy from 1995 to 2011 at 3 Mayo Clinic sites were reviewed. RESULTS: Of 150 patients with MCC who underwent SLN biopsy, 39 (26%) were positive and 111 (74%) were negative...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541162/three-dimensional-quantitative-analysis-of-healthy-foot-shape-a-proof-of-concept-study
#12
Kristina Stanković, Brian G Booth, Femke Danckaers, Fien Burg, Philippe Vermaelen, Saartje Duerinck, Jan Sijbers, Toon Huysmans
Background: Foot morphology has received increasing attention from both biomechanics researches and footwear manufacturers. Usually, the morphology of the foot is quantified by 2D footprints. However, footprint quantification ignores the foot's vertical dimension and hence, does not allow accurate quantification of complex 3D foot shape. Methods: The shape variation of healthy 3D feet in a population of 31 adult women and 31 adult men who live in Belgium was studied using geometric morphometric methods...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540626/correlation-between-mechanical-properties-of-the-ankle-muscles-and-postural-sway-during-the-menstrual-cycle
#13
JongEun Yim, Jerrold Petrofsky, Haneul Lee
Ankle and foot injuries are common among athletes and physically active individuals. The most common residual disability, ankle sprain, is characterized by instability along with postural sway. If the supporting structures around a joint become lax, posture stability and balance are also affected. Previous studies have examined muscle stiffness and elasticity and postural sway separately; however, the relationship between these factors is yet unknown. It is well known that the levels of sex hormones, especially estrogen, change in women over the phase of the menstrual cycle...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518588/examination-of-factors-related-to-the-effect-of-improving-gait-speed-with-functional-electrical-stimulation-intervention-for-stroke-patients
#14
Koichiro Sota, Yuki Uchiyama, Mitsuhiro Ochi, Shuji Matsumoto, Kenji Hachisuka, Kazuhisa Domen
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) for patients with stroke and foot drop is an alternative to ankle foot orthoses. Characteristics of FES responders and nonresponders have not been clarified. OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate the effects of treatment with FES on patients with stroke and foot drop and (2) to determine which factors may relate to responders and nonresponders. DESIGN: Multicenter, nonrandomized, prospective study...
March 6, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515144/sex-differentials-in-relationships-between-functional-fitness-and-cognitive-performance-in-older-adults-a-canonical-correlation-analysis
#15
Yan Guo, Mei Yang, Yaqiong Yan, Liang Wang, Jie Gong
This study aimed to explore the sex differentials in correlations between functional fitness (FF) and cognitive impairment (CI) in older adults without dementia. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted using 2096 adults more than 65 years of age. The Senior Fitness test and Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) were used to measure FF and cognitive performance. Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) was performed to evaluate the relationships between FF and MMSE. Our results confirmed the relationships between FF and CI, furthermore FF and MMSE were significantly different between men and women (P < 0...
March 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510099/effects-of-sex-and-prenatal-androgen-manipulations-on-onuf-s-nucleus-of-rhesus-macaques
#16
Nancy G Forger, Elara Ruszkowski, Andrew Jacobs, Kim Wallen
The role of gonadal steroids in sexual differentiation of the central nervous system (CNS) is well established in rodents, but no study to date has manipulated androgens prenatally and examined their effects on any CNS structure in a primate. Onuf's nucleus is a column of motoneurons in the sacral spinal cord that innervates the striated perineal muscles. This cell group is larger in males than in females of many species, due to androgens acting during a sensitive perinatal period. Here, we examined Onuf's nucleus in 21 adult rhesus monkeys, including control males and females, as well as males whose mothers had been treated with an anti-androgen or testosterone during gestation...
March 3, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502173/non-linear-growth-trends-of-toe-flexor-muscle-strength-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Noriteru Morita, Junichiro Yamauchi, Ryosuke Fukuoka, Toshiyuki Kurihara, Mitsuo Otsuka, Tomoyasu Okuda, Noriyuki Shide, Isao Kambayashi, Hisashi Shinkaiya
PURPOSE: There are only a few studies on the muscular strength of the foot in children and adolescents; thus, the developmental pattern and normative data of these populations during growth are unclear. We sought to elucidate the developmental pattern of the foot muscle strength among children, adolescents, and young adults compared with that of the hand. METHODS: A total of 747 children, adolescents, and young adults participated in this study, and their maximum isometric toe flexor strength (TFS), hand grip strength (HGS), and foot length were measured...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485291/differences-between-men-and-women-in-balance-and-tremor-in-relation-to-plantar-fascia-laxity-during-the-menstrual-cycle
#18
Haneul Lee, Jerrold Petrofsky
CONTEXT:   Although much attention has been paid to the effect of estrogen on the knee ligaments, little has been done to examine the ligaments in the foot, such as the plantar fascia and how they may be altered during the menstrual cycle. OBJECTIVE:   To (1) examine sex differences in plantar fascia thickness and laxity and postural sway and (2) identify any menstrual cycle effects on plantar fascia laxity, postural sway, and neuromuscular tremor between menstruation and the ovulation phase...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472047/prevalence-estimation-and-familial-tendency-of-common-forefoot-deformities-in-turkey-a-survey-of-2662-adults
#19
Uğur Şaylı, Elif Çiğdem Altunok, Melih Güven, Budak Akman, Jnev Biros, Ayşe Şaylı
OBJECTIVE: This survey was designed to evaluate the prevalence estimations of HV, bunionette, hammertoe as well as their relations to shoe wearing and also familial tendency, in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two thousand six hundred sixty two volunteers (1615 females and 1047 males) with a mean age of 34.15 ± 14.23 (range; 18 to 96) years were asked to answer the predetermined questionnaire between January and June, 2016. Hallux valgus, hammertoe and bunionette images were provided as references and every adult participant without any known forefoot problems or past forefoot surgery history was asked to rate his/her foot and to respond the questions about family history and shoe wearing habits...
February 19, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467828/age-related-differences-in-foot-mobility-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain
#20
Jade M Tan, Kay M Crossley, Bill Vicenzino, Hylton B Menz, Shannon E Munteanu, Natalie J Collins
Background: Age-related changes in midfoot mobility have the potential to influence success with foot orthoses intervention in people with patellofemoral pain (PFP). The aim of this study was to determine whether older people with PFP demonstrate less foot mobility than younger adults with PFP. Methods: One hundred ninety four participants (113 (58%) women, age 32 ± 7 years, BMI 25 ± 4.9 kg/m2 ) with PFP (≥ 6 weeks duration) were included, with foot mobility quantified using reliable and valid methods...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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