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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422128/epidemiology-of-45-616-suspect-cases-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-chongqing-china-2011-2015
#1
Jian Tao, Xiao-Yan He, Yu Shi, Guohun Zhu, Shan Liu, Zhenzhen Zhang, Shi Tang, Rong Zhang, Bin Peng, Zhidai Liu, Junjie Tan, Qian Chen, Xingbin Wang, Liming Bao, Lin Zou, Penghui Zhang
Epidemiology and etiology of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) based on large sample size or evaluation of detection for more enterovirus serotypes are not well investigated in Chongqing of China. 45,616 suspect HFMD patients were prospectively enrolled among whom 21,615 were laboratory confirmed HFMD cases over a 5-year period (January 2011 to December 2015). Their epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data were extracted and stratified by month, age, sex, disease severity, and enterovirus serotype...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417873/trends-in-the-incidence-of-lower-limb-amputation-after-implementation-of-a-multidisciplinary-diabetic-foot-unit
#2
Sara Jiménez, José Antonio Rubio, Julia Álvarez, Fernando Ruiz-Grande, Carlos Medina
BACKGROUNDS AND OBJECTIVE: Incidence of lower extremity amputations (LEA) in the population with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) was assessed after implementation of a Multidisciplinary Diabetic Foot Unit (MDFU) during 2008. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Non-traumatic LEA were analyzed, and those performed before (2001-2007) and after (2008-2014) introduction of the MDFU were compared. LEA were grouped by age and sex. Their incidence was expressed as a rate per 100,000 population per year, adjusted to the standard European population...
April 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413884/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#3
Jamal Ahmad, Mary-Katherine Lynch, Mitchell Maltenfort
BACKGROUND: This study examines the incidence and risk of postoperative symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) after orthopaedic foot/ankle surgery. MATERIALS: Patients that received foot/ankle surgery between 2006 and 2016 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were surgical patients that were without coagulopathy, previous VTE, and/or using anticoagulation medications including aspirin. Age, sex, body mass index, medical comorbidities, and surgical diagnosis and procedure(s) were noted...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399657/cadaveric-evaluation-of-dorsal-intermetatarsal-approach-for-plantar-plate-and-lateral-collateral-ligament-repair-of-the-lesser-metatarsophalangeal-joints
#4
Phinit Phisitkul, Vinay Hosuru Siddappa, Tinnart Sittapairoj, Jessica E Goetz, Bryan D Den Hartog, John E Femino
BACKGROUND: Access to the plantar plate has been described using either a plantar approach or an extensive dorsal approach that required complete joint destabilization and often a metatarsal osteotomy. Clinical scenarios related to plantar plate tear vary and the pathologies in early stages are frequently limited to unilateral soft tissue structures; a less invasive operative approach may be possible. A novel approach requiring a release of only the lateral collateral ligament and the lateral half of the plantar plate is presented in this cadaver model; the extent of joint exposure possible is described...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394681/age-estimation-based-on-a-radiographic-study-of-the-growing-foot
#5
Beatriz Gómez-Martín, Elena Escamilla-Martínez, Lourdes María Fernández-Seguín, Andrés Santiago-Sáez, José Antonio Sánchez-Sánchez, Juan Antonio Díaz-Mancha
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine a predictive model of data, differentiated by sex, from a radiographic study of the skeleton of the foot as an alternative to the classic study of the hand. METHODS: The study included 2,476 digital radiographs from 816 participants aged 0 to 21 years. The radiographs were from the Radiology Diagnostic Services of the Public Health System of Extremadura (Spain) from 2007 to 2011. The method used for their analysis consisted of assigning a numerical code to each ossification center of each growing bone of the foot and subsequently subjecting the data to a multivariate, decision tree, statistical analysis...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394675/influence-of-age-sex-and-anthropometric-determinants-on-the-foot-posture-index-in-a-pediatric-population
#6
Ana María Jimenez-Cebrian, María Francisca Morente-Bernal, Pedro Daniel Román-Bravo, Juan Francisco Saucedo-Badía, Juan Antonio Alonso-Ríos, Alonso Montiel-Luque
BACKGROUND: The Foot Posture Index (FPI) is a clinical tool for diagnosis that aims to quantify the grade of a foot position as neutral, pronated, or supinated. Its purpose is to develop a simple six-factor method for rating foot posture with an easy and quantitative result. We evaluated possible differences in the FPI by sex and the influences of age, weight, height, foot size, and body mass index (BMI) on foot posture. METHODS: In 150 asymptomatic children (79 boys and 71 girls) aged 8 to 13 years, we determined weight, height, BMI, and FPI in the bipedal, static, and relaxed position...
March 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390446/genetic-influence-on-accessory-navicular-bone-in-the-foot-a-korean-twin-and-family-study
#7
In Yae Cheong, Hyo Jeong Kang, Hyeonyoung Ko, Joohon Sung, Yun-Mi Song, Ji Hye Hwang
An accessory navicular bone (AN) is the most common accessory ossicle in the foot. The presence of an AN bone can trigger various foot problems, such as posterior tibial tendon pathology, flattening of the medial longitudinal arch, and medial foot pain. Despite the clinical influence of presence of an AN in foot disease, the research regarding its inheritance is still insufficient. A total of 135 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins, 25 pairs of dizygotic (DZ) twins, and 676 singletons from families were enrolled in order to estimate genetic influences on AN...
April 9, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384577/butyltin-contamination-in-northern-chilean-coast-is-there-a-potential-risk-for-consumers
#8
Yasna Mattos, Wolfgang B Stotz, María Soledad Romero, Manuel Bravo, Gilberto Fillmann, Ítalo B Castro
Imposex is the superimposition of non-functional male sex organs in gastropod females. This syndrome is a hormonal imbalance induced by tributyltin (TBT) which have been used in antifouling paints formulation. The present study aimed to perform an integrated environmental assessment of imposex and butyltin (BT) contamination using surface sediments and tissues of Thaisella chocolata (an edible gastropod) from northern Chile. The results showed imposex incidence in 11 out of 12 sites. In the most contaminated sites, which are areas under the influence of maritime activities, and also used for fishing and aquaculture, RPLI were over 60 and VDSI over 4 (high incidence of sterile females)...
April 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383619/stature-estimation-from-lower-limb-anthropometry-using-linear-regression-analysis-a-study-on-the-malaysian-population
#9
S N Abu Bakar, A Aspalilah, I AbdelNasser, A Nurliza, M J Hairuliza, M Swarhib, S Das, F Mohd Nor
INTRODUCTION: Stature is one of the characteristics that could be used to identify human, besides age, sex and racial affiliation. This is useful when the body found is either dismembered, mutilated or even decomposed, and helps in narrowing down the missing person's identity. AIM: The main aim of the present study was to construct regression functions for stature estimation by using lower limb bones in the Malaysian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised 87 adult individuals (81 males, 6 females) aged between 20 to 79 years...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379910/the-effect-of-persistent-toe-walking-on-the-skeletal-development-of-the-pediatric-foot-and-ankle
#10
Mark R Sinclair, Allison A Lind, Joshua Q Knowlton
The aim of this study was to determine whether persistent idiopathic toe walking leads to compensatory skeletal changes in the pediatric foot and ankle. Foot radiographs of children diagnosed with idiopathic toe walking and sex-matched and age-matched controls were retrospectively reviewed. Five blinded providers assessed the foot radiographs for skeletal changes to the ankle. The relationship between each measure and toe-walking status was examined. Providers observed radiographic evidence of skeletal changes of the talus in idiopathic toe walkers compared with controls, suggesting that persistent toe walking impacts the skeletal development of the talus...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371585/validity-of-field-assessments-to-predict-peak-muscle-power-in-preschoolers
#11
Sara King-Dowling, Nicole A Proudfoot, John Cairney, Brian W Timmons
BACKGROUND: Field-based fitness assessments are time- and cost-efficient. However, no studies to date have reported the predictive value of field-based musculoskeletal fitness assessments in preschoolers. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity of two field assessments to predict peak muscle power in preschool-aged children. METHODS: Four-hundred nineteen 3- to 5-year olds participated (208 girls, 211 boys; mean age: 4.5±0.9 years). Peak power (PP) was evaluated using a modified 10-second Wingate protocol as the criterion standard...
April 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370219/association-of-bilateral-flat-feet-with-knee-pain-and-disability-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Hirotaka Iijima, Hiroshi Ohi, Takuya Isho, Tomoki Aoyama, Naoto Fukutani, Eishi Kaneda, Kazuko Ohi, Kaoru Abe, Hiroshi Kuroki, Shuichi Matsuda
This cross-sectional study examined the relationship of flat feet with knee pain, disability, and physical performance in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Orthopedic clinic participants (n = 95; age 61-91 years; 68.4% women) with Kellgren-Lawrence [K/L] grade ≥1 in the medial compartment underwent evaluation of navicular height and foot length for flat feet. Knee pain intensity, disability, and physical performance were evaluated using the Japanese Knee Osteoarthritis Measure, 10-meter walk, timed up and go, and five-repetition chair stand tests...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369342/enhanced-aortic-reflected-wave-magnitude-accounts-for-the-impact-of-female-gender-on-aortic-pressure-augmentation-in-a-group-of-african-ancestry
#13
Grace Tade, Gavin R Norton, Hendrik L Booysen, Moekanyi J Sibiya, Imraan Ballim, Pinhas Sareli, Angela J Woodiwiss
BACKGROUND: Aortic reflected wave magnitude (RM) may not account for sex-specific differences in aortic pressure augmentation in Caucasians. However, aortic reflected waves are greater in groups of African descent than other ethnic groups. We determined whether RM or alternative factors explain the impact of sex on aortic augmented pressure (Pa) in participants of African ancestry. METHODS: We assessed aortic function (radial applanation tonometry, SphygmoCor) in 1,197 randomly recruited community participants of African ancestry (age ≥ 16 years)...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363674/assessment-of-female-medical-students-interest-in-careers-in-cardiothoracic-surgery
#14
Darci C Foote, James M Meza, Vikram Sood, Rishindra M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: Although over half of medical students are females, women comprise only 21% of cardiothoracic (CT) surgery residency applicants and 5% of the CT workforce. We sought to gain insight into female medical students' perceptions of CT surgery and identify targets to increase interest. DESIGN: A 33-question survey queried career selection factors, perceptions of CT surgery, and ways to increase interest in the field. Responses were stratified by sex and preclinical versus clinical years...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344839/associations-between-body-fat-percentage-and-fitness-among-police-officers-a-statewide-study
#15
John M Violanti, Claudia C Ma, Desta Fekedulegn, Michael E Andrew, Ja K Gu, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, Cecil M Burchfiel
BACKGROUND: Police work is generally sedentary although there may be situations that require physical endurance and strength, such as foot chases and arresting suspects. Factors such as excessive body fat can impede an officer's physical ability to deal with such occurrences. Our objective was to examine associations between officers' body fat percentage (BF%) and performance on a standardized fitness protocol. METHODS: Data were obtained from fitness screening among 1,826 male and 115 female officers in a large US police agency...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340550/high-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-patients-with-bone-marrow-edema-syndrome-of-the-foot-and-ankle
#16
Konstantin Horas, Lukas Fraissler, Gerrit Maier, Franz Jakob, Lothar Seefried, Christian Konrads, Maximilian Rudert, Matthias Walcher
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow edema syndrome (BMOS) is a phenomenon primarily affecting the lower extremity. It is characterized by a sudden onset of pain and an ill-defined osseous hyperintense signal in magnetic resonance imaging. The main cause of BMOS is still largely unknown. Its pathophysiology is presumably multifactorial and it has recently been demonstrated that it usually involves an increase in bone turnover and alterations within the bone microenvironment. Vitamin D plays a pivotal role in maintaining a healthy and well-balanced bone microenvironment...
March 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339774/genetic-basis-of-leg-health-and-its-relationship-with-body-weight-in-purebred-turkey-lines
#17
D N R G Kapell, P M Hocking, P K Glover, V D Kremer, S Avendaño
The aims of this study were to estimate the genetic parameters for leg and foot health and mobility in purebred turkey lines and their genetic correlations with BW. Traits were gait score (GS) as an overall measure of leg health, footpad dermatitis (FPD), and 2 skeletal leg health traits, namely, valgus and varus deformities (VVD) and tibial dyschondroplasia (TD). Data from 4 different lines, comprising 3 yr of phenotypic records and 4 yr of pedigree information per line, were used. The sex average BW for the lines at 18 wk ranged from 19...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326825/role-of-biomarkers-in-predicting-diabetes-complications-with-special-reference-to-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#18
Sivakamasundari Pichu, Bhoomika M Patel, Subbu Apparsundaram, Ramesh K Goyal
Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of the major complications of diabetes and about 1% of people with diabetes have to go for lower limb amputation. With better understanding of the pathological basis of DFU, number of biomarkers like atrial natriuretic peptides, galectin-3, and cardiac troponins for diabetic cardiomyopathy, cystatin C for diabetics nephropathy and C-reactive protein for infection and procalcitonin could aid in early and noninvasive diagnosis especially when clinical signs are misleading. Predictive role of novel biomarkers in primary prevention however, requires additional studies considering sex, age and multiple complications in DFU...
April 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258949/foot-and-ankle-reconstruction-using-the-distally-based-sural-artery-flap-versus-the-medial-plantar-flap-a-comparative-study
#19
Wael Hussein Mahmoud
Soft tissue defects around the foot and ankle region often present an awkward problem for plastic surgeons. The medial plantar artery flap raised from the non-weightbearing instep of the plantar foot offers a thick, sensorial, durable, and glabrous skin. The reversed sural artery flap offers a reliable option for coverage with the advantages of a wide arc of rotation, adequate dimensions, and a reliable blood supply. The present study compared the outcomes of the medial plantar artery flap and the distally based sural artery flap in foot and ankle reconstruction...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254449/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-associated-with-an-increased-prevalence-of-distal-symmetric-polyneuropathy-in-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Alessandro Mantovani, Riccardo Rigolon, Lucia Mingolla, Isabella Pichiri, Valentina Cavalieri, Laura Salvotelli, Vincenzo Stoico, Giacomo Zoppini, Enzo Bonora, Giovanni Targher
AIMS: Presently, data on the association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and distal symmetric polyneuropathy in people with diabetes are scarce and conflicting. The aim of this retrospective, cross-sectional study was to examine whether NAFLD was associated with an increased prevalence of distal symmetric polyneuropathy in type 1 diabetic adults. METHODS: We studied all white type 1 diabetic outpatients (n = 286, 42.3% male, mean age 43 ± 14 years, median diabetes duration 17 [10-30] years), who participated in a foot screening program at our adult diabetes clinic after excluding those who had excessive alcohol consumption and other known causes of chronic liver disease...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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