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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229556/identification-of-clusters-of-foot-pain-location-in-a-community-sample
#1
Tiffany K Gill, Hylton B Menz, Karl B Landorf, John B Arnold, Anne W Taylor, Catherine L Hill
OBJECTIVE: To identify foot pain clusters according to pain location in a community based sample of the general population. METHODS: This study analysed data from the North West Adelaide Health Study. Data were obtained between 2004-2006, using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing, clinical assessment and self-completed questionnaire. The location of foot pain was assessed using a diagram during the clinical assessment. Hierarchical cluster analysis was undertaken to identify foot pain location clusters, which were then compared in relation to demographics, comorbidities and podiatry utilisation...
February 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224724/economic-and-social-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-low-income-country-a-case-control-study-in-sudan
#2
Hind Elrayah-Eliadarous, Claes-Göran Östensson, Mohamed Eltom, Pia Johansson, Vibeke Sparring, Rolf Wahlström
AIMS: Diabetes mellitus accounts for 11% of total health expenditures worldwide, and the majority of all persons with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries. This study examined the economic and social impact attributed to diabetes in Sudan by calculating out-of-pocket medical expenditures and the health and social impact of the disease for persons with diabetes (n = 375) and their families, compared to a non-diabetic control group (n = 375), matched for age, sex and residence area...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222342/concussion-is-associated-with-altered-preparatory-postural-adjustments-during-gait-initiation
#3
Cailbhe Doherty, Liang Zhao, John Ryan, Yusuke Komaba, Akihiro Inomata, Brian Caulfield
Gait initiation is a useful surrogate measure of supraspinal motor control mechanisms but has never been evaluated in a cohort following concussion. The aim of this study was to quantify the preparatory postural adjustments (PPAs) of gait initiation (GI) in fifteen concussion patients (4 females, 11 males) in comparison to a group of fifteen age- and sex-matched controls. All participants completed variants of the GI task where their dominant and non-dominant limbs as the 'stepping' and 'support' limbs. Task performance was quantified using the centre of pressure (COP) trajectory of each foot (computed from a force plate) and a surrogate of the centre of mass (COM) trajectory (estimated from an inertial measurement unit placed on the sacrum)...
February 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203594/foot-progression-angle-walking-test-a-dynamic-diagnostic-assessment-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-and-hip-instability
#4
Anil S Ranawat, Michael A Gaudiani, Pablo A Slullitel, James Satalich, Brian J Rebolledo
BACKGROUND: Determining an accurate clinical diagnosis for nonarthritic hip pain may be challenging, as symptoms related to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) or hip instability can be difficult to elucidate with current testing methods. In addition, commonly utilized physical examination maneuvers are static and do not include a dynamic or weightbearing assessment to reproduce activity-related symptoms. Therefore, implementing a dynamic assessment for FAI and hip instability could help to improve diagnostic accuracy for routine clinical examinations of patients with nonarthritic hip pain...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163203/the-high-variability-of-the-chiasma-plantare-and-the-long-flexor-tendons-anatomical-aspects-of-tendon-transfer-in-foot-surgery
#5
Bettina Pretterklieber
As tendon transfer of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) is an established procedure, exact knowledge of the formation of the chiasma plantare is of great interest. Although the quadratus plantae (QP) appears to play a major role, it has been rarely addressed in previous studies. The aim of the present study was to reinvestigate the formation of the chiasma plantare and the composition of the long flexor tendons in order to clarify the inexact and partly contradictory descriptions published from 1865 onward...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151778/undercorrection-of-planovalgus-deformity-after-calcaneal-lengthening-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Byung Chae Cho, In Hyeok Lee, Chin Youb Chung, Ki Hyuk Sung, Kyoung Min Lee, Soon-Sun Kwon, Seung Jun Moon, Jaeyoung Kim, Hyunwoo Lim, Moon Seok Park
: Calcaneal lengthening (CL) is one of the treatment options for planovalgus deformity in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). However, its indication still needs to be clarified according to the functional status of CP. The aim of this study was to investigate the radiographic outcome after CL in patients with CP and to evaluate the risk factors causing undercorrection of planovalgus deformities. We included consecutive patients with CP who underwent CL for planovalgus deformity, were followed for more than 2 years, and had preoperative and postoperative weight-bearing anteroposterior (AP) and lateral foot radiographs...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109643/effect-of-obesity-on-bone-healing-after-foot-and-ankle-long-bone-fractures
#7
Jakob C Thorud, Spencer Mortensen, Jennifer L Thorud, Naohiro Shibuya, Yolanda Munoz Maldonado, Daniel C Jupiter
As obesity has become more common, fractures in the obese population have become more frequent. Concern exists regarding alterations in bone health and healing in obese patients. A matched case-control study was performed at 1 institution to evaluate whether an association exists between nonunion and a high body mass index in metatarsal and ankle fractures. A total of 48 patients with nonunion were identified, and control patients matched 2 to 1 (n = 96) were selected. The control patients were matched for age, sex, and fracture type...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100803/a-new-cue-for-torpor-induction-charcoal-ash-and-smoke
#8
Clare Stawski, Julia Nowack, Gerhard Körtner, Fritz Geiser
Recent work has shown that the use of torpor for energy conservation increases after forest fires in heterothermic mammals, probably in response to the reduction of food. However, the specific environmental cues for this increased torpor expression remain unknown. It is possible that smoke and the novel substrate of charcoal and ash act as signals for an impending period of starvation requiring torpor. We therefore tested the hypothesis that the combined cues of smoke, a charcoal/ash substrate and food shortage will enhance torpor expression in a small forest-dwelling marsupial, the yellow-footed antechinus (Antechinus flavipes), because like other animals that live in fire-prone habitats they must effectively respond to fires to ensure survival...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992021/impact-of-shoe-size-in-a-sample-of-elderly-individuals
#9
Daniel López-López, Yésica Expósito-Casabella, Marta Losa-Iglesias, Ricardo Becerro de Bengoa-Vallejo, Jesús Luis Saleta-Canosa, Francisco Alonso-Tajes
Introduction: The use of an improper shoe size is common in older people and is believed to have a detrimental effect on the quality of life related to foot health. The objective is to describe and compare, in a sample of participants, the impact of shoes that fit properly or improperly, as well as analyze the scores related to foot health and health overall. Method: A sample of 64 participants, with a mean age of 75.3±7.9 years, attended an outpatient center where self-report data was recorded, the measurements of the size of the feet and footwear were determined and the scores compared between the group that wears the correct size of shoes and another group of individuals who do not wear the correct size of shoes, using the Spanish version of the Foot Health Status Questionnaire...
November 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988843/fingerprint-changes-among-cancer-patients-treated-with-paclitaxel
#10
Payam Azadeh, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki, Ali Yaghobi Joybari, Samaneh Sarbaz, Atefeh Jafari, Mehdi Yaseri, Afshin Amini, Maryam Farasatinasab
BACKGROUND: Fingerprints have long been used for personal identification; however, some case reports suggested that some chemotherapy agents such as paclitaxel lead to fingerprints loss due to hand-and-foot syndrome (HFS). METHODS: This case-control study was performed on 65 patients who received chemotherapy regimens with/without paclitaxel. Patients with the history of receiving any drugs with significant HFS adverse effect or patients with any conditions that affect fingerprints were excluded...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937807/age-and-sex-influences-on-running-mechanics-and-coordination-variability
#11
Katherine A Boyer, Julia Freedman Silvernail, Joseph Hamill
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of age on running mechanics separately for male and female runners and to quantify sex differences in running mechanics and coordination variability for older runners. Kinematics and kinetics were captured for 20 younger (10 male) and 20 older (10 male) adults running overground at 3.5 m · s(-1). A modified vector coding technique was used to calculate segment coordination variability. Lower extremity joint angles, moments and segment coordination variability were compared between age and sex groups...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926682/clinical-outcomes-of-nonunions-of-hindfoot-and-ankle-fusions
#12
Fabian Krause, Alastair S E Younger, Judith F Baumhauer, Timothy R Daniels, Mark Glazebrook, Peter T Evangelista, Michael S Pinzur, Gowreeson Thevendran, Rafe M J Donahue, Christopher W DiGiovanni
BACKGROUND: While nonunion after foot and ankle fusion surgery has been associated with poor outcomes, we are not aware of any longitudinal study on this subject. Thus, we prospectively evaluated the impact of nonunion on clinical outcomes of foot and ankle fusions and identified potential risk factors for nonunion after these procedures. METHODS: Using data from a randomized clinical trial on recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB; Augment Bone Graft, BioMimetic Therapeutics), union was defined either by assessment of computed tomography (CT) scans at 24 weeks by a reviewer blinded to the type of treatment or by the surgeon's composite assessment of clinical and radiographic findings at 52 weeks and CT findings at 24 or 36 weeks...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921017/factors-impacting-mortality-in-the-pre-hospital-period-after-road-traffic-accidents-in-urban-india
#13
Ananthnarayan Chandrasekharan, Aditya J Nanavati, Sandhya Prabhakar, Subramaniam Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: India currently has the dubious distinction of experiencing the highest number of road traffic accidents in the world. OBJECTIVES: We believe that this study on road traffic accidents may help to identify factors in the pre-hospital setting that may influence mortality rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in a metro area in India over a period of one year. The study included consecutive patients admitted to the trauma service after road traffic accidents...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920193/light-intensity-of-5-or-20%C3%A2-lux-on-broiler-behavior-welfare-and-productivity
#14
Jean-Loup Rault, Katie Clark, Peter J Groves, Greg M Cronin
Light intensity can influence broiler behavior, but discrepancies in the scientific literature remain. Furthermore, few studies have investigated the welfare implications induced by varying light intensity. We investigated the effects of providing 5 or 20 lux light intensity on broiler behavior, welfare and productivity. A total of 1,872 Ross 308 broilers of mixed sex were studied across 2 replicates. Treatments began on d 8 with one of 2 light intensity levels: 5 lux or 20 lux, using LED lights on a 16L:8D photoperiod with 30 min sunrise and sunset periods...
December 5, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913961/prediction-of-postoperative-clinical-recovery-of-drop-foot-attributable-to-lumbar-degenerative-diseases-via-a-bayesian-network
#15
Shota Takenaka, Hiroyuki Aono
BACKGROUND: Drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases can impair activities of daily living. Therefore, predictors of recovery of this symptom have been investigated using univariate or/and multivariate analyses. However, the conclusions have been somewhat controversial. Bayesian network models, which are graphic and intuitive to the clinician, may facilitate understanding of the prognosis of drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To show a layered correlation among predictors of recovery from drop foot resulting from degenerative lumbar diseases; and (2) to develop support tools for clinical decisions to treat drop foot resulting from lumbar degenerative diseases...
March 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887922/obesity-foot-pain-and-foot-disorders-in-older-men-and-women
#16
Alyssa B Dufour, Elena Losina, Hylton B Menz, Michael P LaValley, Marian T Hannan
OBJECTIVE: We investigated obesity, foot pain and selected foot disorders, and determined if associations differed by foot posture or dynamic foot function. METHODS: We included 2445 men and women (4888 feet) from the Framingham Foot Study (2002-2008). A foot examination assessed presence of disorders and pain on each foot. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was categorized as normal (<25), overweight (25-29.99), moderate-obesity (30-34.99) severe-obesity (35+). Foot posture (normal, cavus, planus) and dynamic foot function (normal, supinated, pronated) were defined using plantar pressure measurement system...
November 22, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871521/functional-outcome-and-cost-effectiveness-of-outpatient-vs-inpatient-care-for-complex-hind-foot-and-ankle-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Justin Oh, Anahi Perlas, Johnny Lau, Rajiv Gandhi, Vincent W S Chan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the postoperative functional outcome and the total cost associated with outpatient vs inpatient care following complex hind-foot and ankle surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective, cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Forty patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists 1-3, of either sex undergoing elective complex hind-foot and ankle surgery (fusion, osteotomy, or multiple ligament repair)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852902/overlapping-surgery-in-the-ambulatory-orthopaedic-setting
#18
Alan L Zhang, David C Sing, Debbie Y Dang, C Benjamin Ma, Dennis Black, Thomas P Vail, Brian T Feeley
BACKGROUND: The practice of a surgeon performing procedures in two operating rooms during overlapping time frames has been described as concurrent surgery if critical portions occur simultaneously, or overlapping surgery if they do not. Although recent media reports have focused on the potential adverse effects of these practices, to our knowledge, there has been no previous research investigating outcomes of overlapping procedures in orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of an institutional clinical database from 2012 to 2015 was utilized to collect data from all surgical cases (including sports medicine, hand, and foot and ankle) performed at an ambulatory orthopaedic surgery center...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852608/dba2j-db-db-mice-are-susceptible-to-early-albuminuria-and-glomerulosclerosis-that-correlates-with-systemic-insulin-resistance
#19
Mette Viberg Østergaard, Vanda Pinto, Kirsty Stevenson, Jesper Worm, Lisbeth N Fink, Richard John Mark Coward
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of kidney failure in the world. To understand important mechanisms underlying this condition, and to develop new therapies, good animal models are required. In mouse models of type-1 diabetes, the DBA/2J strain has been shown to be more susceptible to develop kidney disease than other common strains. We hypothesized this would also be the case in type-2 diabetes. We studied db/db and wt DBA/2J mice and compared these with the db/db BLKS/J mouse, which is currently the most widely used type-2 DN model...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844159/clinical-and-epidemiological-differences-between-implant-associated-and-implant-free-orthopaedic-infections
#20
Céline Cuérel, Sophie Abrassart, Julien Billières, Diego Andrey, Domizio Suva, Victor Dubois-Ferrière, Ilker Uçkay
PURPOSE: Although there have been many publications regarding the risk factors for implant-associated orthopaedic infections, none have investigated how clinical presentations and epidemiology may differ between infections with and without osteosynthetic material. METHODS: We pooled clinical data from several databases of adult patients with orthopaedic infections hospitalized at Geneva University Hospitals from January 2004 to December 2014. RESULTS: Among 2740 episodes of orthopaedic infections, 76% were implant-free osteoarticular or soft tissue infections...
February 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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