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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530468/genetic-susceptibility-contributing-to-periodontal-and-cardiovascular-disease
#1
G Aarabi, T Zeller, H Seedorf, D R Reissmann, G Heydecke, A S Schaefer, U Seedorf
Periodontal disease (PD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) are common diseases characterized by an overaggressive inflammatory response to diverse stimuli. Whereas PD leads to destruction of the tooth-supporting structures, CAD is a chronic inflammatory condition ultimately causing myocardial infarction via narrowing and occluding of blood vessels. Classical twin studies led to the conclusion that both complex diseases have a similar degree of heritability and that a significant fraction of the genetic factors accounting for this heritability is shared...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521775/genome-wide-association-study-of-subclinical-interstitial-lung-disease-in-mesa
#2
Ani Manichaikul, Xin-Qun Wang, Li Sun, Josée Dupuis, Alain C Borczuk, Jennifer N Nguyen, Ganesh Raghu, Eric A Hoffman, Suna Onengut-Gumuscu, Emily A Farber, Joel D Kaufman, Dan Rabinowitz, Karen D Hinckley Stukovsky, Steven M Kawut, Gary M Hunninghake, George R Washko, George T O'Connor, Stephen S Rich, R Graham Barr, David J Lederer
BACKGROUND: We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD), defined as high attenuation areas (HAA) on CT, in the population-based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Study. METHODS: We measured the percentage of high attenuation areas (HAA) in the lung fields on cardiac CT scan defined as voxels with CT attenuation values between -600 and -250 HU. Genetic analyses were performed in MESA combined across race/ethnic groups: non-Hispanic White (n = 2,434), African American (n = 2,470), Hispanic (n = 2,065) and Chinese (n = 702), as well as stratified by race/ethnicity...
May 18, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513871/potential-role-of-long-non-coding-rna-anril-in-pediatric-medulloblastoma-through-promotion-on-proliferation-and-migration-by-targeting-mir-323
#3
Hong Zhang, Xiuli Wang, Xinxin Chen
Medulloblastoma (MB) is a common primary tumor of the central nervous system diagnosed in pediatric patients. Survivors of MB are frequently accompanied by severe side effects, thus it is urgent to explore novel therapeutic target. First of all, the level of antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) in normal cerebellum and DAOY cells were evaluated. Then, the effect of ANRIL on DAOY cell proliferation, migration and apoptosis were tested. Then, qRT-PCR was performed to explore whether ANRIL acted as a sponge of miR-323...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481918/confirmation-of-involvement-of-new-variants-at-cdkn2a-b-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-susceptibility-in-the-spanish-population
#4
Angela Gutierrez-Camino, Idoia Martin-Guerrero, Nagore Garcia de Andoin, Ana Sastre, Ana Carbone Bañeres, Itziar Astigarraga, Aurora Navajas, Africa Garcia-Orad
The locus CDKN2A/B (9p21.3), which comprises the tumor suppressors genes CDKN2A and CDKN2B and the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) known as ANRIL (or CDKN2B-AS), was associated with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) susceptibility in several genome wide association studies (GWAS). However, the variants associated in the diverse studies were different. Recently, new and independent SNPs deregulating the locus function were also identified in association with ALL risk. This diversity in the results may be explained because different variants in each population could alter CDKN2A/B locus function through diverse mechanisms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473239/anril-promoter-dna-methylation-a-perinatal-marker-for-later-adiposity
#5
Karen Lillycrop, Robert Murray, Clara Cheong, Ai Ling Teh, Rebecca Clarke-Harris, Sheila Barton, Paula Costello, Emma Garratt, Eloise Cook, Philip Titcombe, Bhuvaneshwari Shunmuganathan, Samantha J Liew, Yong-Cai Chua, Xinyi Lin, Yonghui Wu, Graham C Burdge, Cyrus Cooper, Hazel M Inskip, Neerja Karnani, James C Hopkins, Caroline E Childs, Carolina Paras Chavez, Philip C Calder, Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Yap Seng Chong, Philip E Melton, Lawrie Beilin, Rae-Chi Huang, Peter D Gluckman, Nick Harvey, Mark A Hanson, Joanna D Holbrook, Keith M Godfrey
Experimental studies show a substantial contribution of early life environment to obesity risk through epigenetic processes. We examined inter-individual DNA methylation differences in human birth tissues associated with child's adiposity. We identified a novel association between the level of CpG methylation at birth within the promoter of the long non-coding RNA ANRIL (encoded at CDKN2A) and childhood adiposity at age 6-years. An association between ANRIL methylation and adiposity was also observed in three additional populations; in birth tissues from ethnically diverse neonates, in peripheral blood from adolescents, and in adipose tissue from adults...
April 26, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446530/long-non-coding-rnas-and-their-role-in-metastasis
#6
REVIEW
Ulrich H Weidle, Fabian Birzele, Gwen Kollmorgen, Rüdiger Rüger
The perception of long non-coding RNAs as chunk RNA and transcriptional noise has been steadily replaced by their role as validated targets for a diverse set of physiological processes in the past few years. However, for the vast majority of lncRNAs their precise mode of action and physiological function remain to be uncovered. A large body of evidence has revealed their essential role in all stages of cancirogenesis and metastasis. In this review we focus on the role of lncRNAs in metastasis. We grouped selected lncRNAs into three categories based on in vitro and in vivo mode of action-related studies and clinical relevance for metastasis...
May 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419547/perinatal-dna-methylation-at-cdkn2a-is-associated-with-offspring-bone-mass-findings-from-the-southampton-women-s-survey
#7
Elizabeth M Curtis, Robert Murray, Philip Titcombe, Eloïse Cook, Rebecca Clarke-Harris, Paula Costello, Emma Garratt, Joanna D Holbrook, Sheila Barton, Hazel Inskip, Keith M Godfrey, Christopher G Bell, Cyrus Cooper, Karen A Lillycrop, Nicholas C Harvey
Poor intrauterine and childhood growth has been linked with the risk of osteoporosis in later life, a relationship which may in part be mediated through altered epigenetic regulation of genes. We previously identified a region within the promoter of the long non-coding RNA ANRIL encoded by the CDKN2A locus, at which differential DNA methylation at birth showed correlations with offspring adiposity. Given the common lineage of adipocytes and osteoblasts, we investigated the relationship between perinatal CDKN2A methylation and bone mass at ages 4 and 6 years...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402932/the-long-noncoding-rna-anril-acts-as-an-oncogene-and-contributes-to-paclitaxel-resistance-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-a549-cells
#8
Ran Xu, Yuqiang Mao, Kuanbing Chen, Wei He, Wenjun Shi, Yun Han
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a family of non-protein-coding RNAs that might affect Lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) chemo-resistance and most of them could be used as biomarkers and therapy targets. However, the potential function of lncRNA ANRIL contributed paclitaxel chemo-resistance in LAD is still unknown. This study aimed to observe the expression of ANRIL in LAD, evaluate its biological role in the resistance of LAD cells to paclitaxel and explore the apoptosis role in the ANRIL associated mechanism. Our results showed that ANRIL functioning as a potential oncogene was up-regulated in LAD, and promoted the acquisition of chemo-resistance in paclitaxel partly through the mitochondrial pathway by modulating the expression of apoptosis-related protein cleaved-PARP and Bcl-2...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402230/downregulation-of-lncrna-anril-inhibits-proliferation-induces-apoptosis-and-enhances-radiosensitivity-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells-through-regulating-mir-125a
#9
Xigang Hu, Huijuan Jiang, Xiaojun Jiang
Increasing evidence demonstrated that long non-coding RNA ANRIL serves as a fatal oncogene in many cancers, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, little is known whether ANRIL regulated NPC cell radioresistance. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to examine the expression of lncRNA ANRIL and miR-125a in NPC tissues and cell lines. MTT assay was conducted to measure the cell viability of CNE2 and HONE1 cells. The apoptotic rate of CNE2 and HONE1 cells was determined by flow cytometry analysis...
April 12, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344092/the-over-expression-of-long-non-coding-rna-anril-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-by-activating-the-atm-e2f1-signaling-pathway-in-pancreatic-cancer-an-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-study
#10
Shi Chen, Jia-Qiang Zhang, Jiang-Zhi Chen, Hui-Xing Chen, Fu-Nan Qiu, Mao-Lin Yan, Yan-Ling Chen, Cheng-Hong Peng, Yi-Feng Tian, Yao-Dong Wang
This study aims to investigate the roles of lncRNA ANRIL in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by regulating the ATM-E2F1 signaling pathway in pancreatic cancer (PC). PC rat models were established and ANRIL overexpression and interference plasmids were transfected. The expression of ANRIL, EMT markers (E-cadherin, N-cadherin and Vimentin) and ATM-E2F1 signaling pathway-related proteins (ATM, E2F1, INK4A, INK4B and ARF) were detected. Small molecule drugs were applied to activate and inhibit the ATM-E2F1 signaling pathway...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260796/association-between-well-characterized-lung-cancer-lncrna-polymorphisms-and-platinum-based-chemotherapy-toxicity-in-chinese-patients-with-lung-cancer
#11
Wei-Jing Gong, Jing-Bo Peng, Ji-Ye Yin, Xiang-Ping Li, Wei Zheng, Ling Xiao, Li-Ming Tan, Di Xiao, Yi-Xin Chen, Xi Li, Hong-Hao Zhou, Zhao-Qian Liu
Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard first-line treatment for most lung cancer patients. However, the toxicity induced by platinum-based chemotherapy greatly impedes its clinical use. Previous studies showed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) with over 200 nucleotides in length affect drug response and toxicity. In the present study, we investigated the association of well-characterized lung cancer lncRNA polymorphisms with platinum-based chemotherapy toxicity in Chinese patients with lung cancer. A total of 467 lung cancer patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy for at least two cycles were recruited...
April 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251886/highly-expressed-antisense-non-coding-rna-in-the-ink4-locus-promotes-5-growth-and-invasion-of-renal-clear-carcinoma-cells-via-the-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway
#12
Qingchun Li, Yuan Tian, Guangrui Hu, Yun Liang, Wei Bai, Hongjun Li
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) is involved in several human cancers.However, the role of ANRIL in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remains unclear. This study was aimed to explore whether and how ANRIL affects the RCC progression. First of all, the expression of ANRIL in clinical tumor tissues and 4 kinds of RCC cell lines were evaluated. After transfection, the cell viability, colony number, apoptosis, migration and invasion were all assessed. Then, the expression of proteins related to apoptosis, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and β-catenin signaling pathway were all assessed...
March 2, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248879/a-three-long-noncoding-rna-signature-as-a-diagnostic-biomarker-for-differentiating-between-triple-negative-and-non-triple-negative-breast-cancers
#13
Man Liu, Lu-Qi Xing, Yi-Jing Liu
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive cancer with unfavorable outcome and it is useful to explore noninvasive biomarkers for its early diagnosis. Here, we identified differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in blood samples of patients with TNBC to assess their diagnostic value. METHODS: Differential expression of lncRNAs in plasma of patients with TNBC (n = 25) and non-TNBC (NTNBC; n = 35) and in healthy controls was compared by microarray analysis and validated by real-time PCR...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243616/data-on-genotypic-distribution-and-linkage-disequilibrium-of-several-anril-polymorphisms-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
A Arbiol-Roca, A Padró-Miquel, M Hueso, E Navarro, P Alía-Ramos, M T González-Álvarez, I Rama, J Torras, J M Grinyó, J M Cruzado, N Lloberas
A long non-coding RNA called ANRIL located on chromosome 9p21.3 has been identified as a novel genetic factor associated with cardiovascular disease. Investigation of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Noncoding Antisense RNA in the INK4 Locus (ANRIL) gene are of particular interest. This article reports data related to the research article entitled: "Association of ANRIL gene polymorphisms with major adverse cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients" (Arbiol-Roca et al. [1]). Data presented show the genotypic distribution of four selected ANRIL SNPs: rs10757278, rs4977574, rs10757274 and rs6475606 in a cohort constituted by 284 hemodialysis patients...
April 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150872/polymorphism-in-anril-is-associated-with-relapse-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-after-autologous-stem-cell-transplant
#15
Ming J Poi, Junan Li, Douglas W Sborov, Zachary VanGundy, Yu Kyoung Cho, Misty Lamprecht, Flavia Pichiorri, Mitch A Phelps, Craig C Hofmeister
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by clonal proliferation of plasma cells and overproduction of monoclonal immunoglobins. Treatment with melphalan is currently standard of care for younger and fit patients when followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and in transplant ineligible patients when used in combination regimens. It has been previously shown that changes in the p53 pathway are associated with melphalan efficacy, but the regulatory role of the p14ARF-MDM2-p53 axis has yet to be fully explored...
February 2, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125557/o-009-long-ncrna-landscape-in-the-ileum-of-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-early-onset-crohn-disease
#16
Yael Haberman, Marina Ben-Shoshan, Ayelet Di-Segni, Phillip Dexheimer, Tzipi Klein, Batya Weiss, Thomas Walters, Robert Baldassano, Joshua Noe, James Markowitz, Mel Heyman, Joel Rosh, Anne Griffiths, Wallace Crandall, Bruce Aronow, Yair Anikster, Jeffrey Hyams, Subra Kugathasan, Lee Denson
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) regulate gene transcription and diverse cellular functions. We have recently reported a core inflammatory and metabolic ileal gene signature in treatment naïve pediatric Crohn Disease (CD), but the potential role of lncRNA was not known. We hypothesized that differences in ileal lncRNA would be associated with differences in protein-coding gene expression, suggesting a role for lncRNA in regulating those gene signatures. METHODS: Poly-A selected RNA-seq and Ensembl annotation were used to define differentially expressed ileal genes with false discovery rate correction of 0...
February 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122089/anril-a-regulator-of-vegf-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#17
Anu Alice Thomas, Biao Feng, Subrata Chakrabarti
Purpose: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) previously thought to be "dark matter" of the genome, play key roles in various biological processes. The lncRNA ANRIL is located at a genetic susceptibility locus for coronary artery diseases and type 2 diabetes. We examined the role of ANRIL in diabetic retinopathy, through study of its regulation of VEGF both in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were subjected to incubation in high glucose to mimic diabetes...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117929/downregulation-of-lncrna-anril-represses-tumorigenicity-and-enhances-cisplatin-induced-cytotoxicity-via-regulating-microrna-let-7a-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#18
Yandan Wang, Nan Cheng, Junpeng Luo
Many studies have demonstrated that upregulation of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) plays an oncogenic role in various tumors, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The aim of this study is to explore the effect of ANRIL in NPC progression and cisplatin (DDP)-induced cytotoxicity. The results showed that ANRIL was highly expressed and let-7a was downregulated in NPC tissues and cells. Luciferase assay revealed that ANRIL could negatively regulate miR-let-7a expression...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107200/variants-in-anril-gene-correlated-with-its-expression-contribute-to-myocardial-infarction-risk
#19
Jie Cheng, Meng-Yun Cai, Yu-Ning Chen, Zhi-Cheng Li, Sai-Sai Tang, Xi-Li Yang, Can Chen, Xinguang Liu, Xing-Dong Xiong
ANRIL (antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus), located at the 9p21.3 locus, has been known to be closely associated with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). To date, studies of the 9p21.3 variants on CAD risk mainly focus on the non-coding region of ANRIL. However, the biological significance of the variants on ANRIL promoter and exons is still unknown. Here we investigate whether the variants on ANRIL promoter and exons have an effect on myocardial infarction (MI) risk, and further analyze the association of these variants with the expression of ANRIL transcript...
February 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060742/overexpression-of-lncrna-anril-up-regulates-vegf-expression-and-promotes-angiogenesis-of-diabetes-mellitus-combined-with-cerebral-infarction-by-activating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-a-rat-model
#20
REVIEW
Bo Zhang, Dan Wang, Tie-Feng Ji, Lei Shi, Jin-Lu Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the effects of lncRNA ANRIL on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiogenesis in diabetes mellitus (DM) combined with cerebral infarction (CI) through NF-κB signaling pathway. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and DM + CI group, and the DM + CI group were subdivided into Vector, shANRIL, PDTC, pcDNA-ANRIL, and pcDNA-ANRIL + PDTC groups. VEGF and FMS-like tyrosine kinase (FLT-1) expressions were measured by immunohistochemistry and endothelium dependent microvessel density (MVD) was detected by differentiation 31 (CD31) and para-amiuosalicylic acid (PAS) double staining...
March 7, 2017: Oncotarget
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