keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bronchitis antibiotics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417002/antibiotic-prescribing-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-among-physicians-in-teaching-hospitals-in-south-india
#1
Nimmy Thakolkaran, A Veena Shetty, Neevan D R D'Souza, Avinash K Shetty
Background: Antibiotic overuse is a major public health challenge worldwide. Data from India related to physician antibiotic prescribing patterns are limited. Aims: We assessed antibiotic prescribing knowledge, attitudes, and practices among physicians in Mangalore, South India. Materials and Methods: Using a cross-sectional descriptive study design, physicians at academic tertiary hospitals completed an anonymous on-site survey. The survey items incorporated Likert scales, and data were analyzed using SPSS version 15...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406467/subtype-specific-clinical-presentation-medical-treatment-and-family-impact-of-influenza-in-children-one-to-five-years-of-age-treated-in-outpatient-practices-in-germany-during-three-post-pandemic-years-2013-2015
#2
Andrea Streng, Christiane Prifert, Benedikt Weissbrich, Andreas Sauerbrei, Ruprecht Schmidt-Ott, Johannes G Liese
BACKGROUND: Limited data on the influenza burden in pediatric outpatients are available, especially regarding direct comparison of the co-circulating (sub)types A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2) and B. METHODS: Children 1-5 years of age, unvaccinated against influenza and presenting with febrile acute respiratory infections (ARI), were enrolled in 33 paediatric practices in Germany from 2013-2015 (January-May). Influenza was confirmed by multiplex PCR from pharyngeal swabs and (sub)typed...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402306/sustainable-reduction-of-antibiotic-induced-antimicrobial-resistance-arena-in-german-ambulatory-care-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#3
Martina Kamradt, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Edith Andres, Tonia Brand, Anja Klingenberg, Katharina Glassen, Regina Poß-Doering, Lorenz Uhlmann, Katharina Hees, Dorothea Weber, Andreas Gutscher, Veit Wambach, Joachim Szecsenyi, Michel Wensing
BACKGROUND: Despite many initiatives to enhance the rational use of antibiotics, there remains substantial room for improvement. The overall aim of this study is to optimise the appropriate use of antibiotics in German ambulatory care in patients with acute non-complicated infections (respiratory tract infections, such as bronchitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis and otitis media), community-acquired pneumonia and non-complicated cystitis, in order to counter the advancing antimicrobial resistance development...
February 5, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387250/an-underestimated-cause-of-chronic-cough-the-protracted-bacterial-bronchitis
#4
REVIEW
Paola Di Filippo, Alessandra Scaparrotta, Marianna Immacolata Petrosino, Marina Attanasi, Sabrina Di Pillo, Francesco Chiarelli, Angelika Mohn
Chronic cough in childhood is associated with a high morbidity and decreased quality of life. Protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) seems to be the second most common cause of chronic cough in children under 6 years of age. Its main clinical feature is represented by wet cough that worsens when changing posture and improves after the introduction of antibiotics. Currently, the mainstay of PBB treatment is a 2-week therapy with a high dose of antibiotics, such as co-amoxiclav, to eradicate the infection and restore epithelial integrity...
January 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363635/sparfloxacin-induced-nail-pigmentation-a-case-of-fixed-drug-eruption
#5
Husain Yahya
Sparfloxacin, a synthetic, second generation, broad spectrum aminodifluoroquinolone antibiotic, has excellent penetration into respiratory tissues and has good activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and atypical bacteria. Although it is indicated for the treatment of adult community-acquired pneumonia and acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, its use has been limited by phototoxicity which is more common with it than with other quinolones. We report a case of a 20-year-old Nigerian woman who developed a diffuse blue-black nail pigmentation of thumb and big toe nails, 2 weeks after completing therapy with sparfloxacin, and a recurrence of the pigmentation in the same nails 1 year after taking the drug again...
January 2018: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317659/clinical-outcome-of-eosinophilic-airway-inflammation-in-chronic-airway-diseases-including-nonasthmatic-eosinophilic-bronchitis
#6
Jaeyoung Cho, Sun Mi Choi, Jinwoo Lee, Young Sik Park, Sang-Min Lee, Chul-Gyu Yoo, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Chang-Hoon Lee
We enrolled patients with confirmed sputum eosinophilia who had visited our tertiary referral hospital between 2012 and 2015. We evaluated the incidence and predictors of exacerbations in patients with nonasthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB), and investigated predictors of improvement in eosinophilic inflammation in chronic airway diseases with or without persistent airflow limitation. In total, 398 patients with sputum eosinophilia were enrolled. Of these, 152 (38.2%) had NAEB. The incidence rate of exacerbations requiring treatment with antibiotics, systemic corticosteroids, or hospital admission was 0...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290229/antibiotic-treatment-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#7
R Cohen, F Angoulvant, S Biscardi, F Madhi, F Dubos, Y Gillet
Lower respiratory tract infections, i.e., bronchitis, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia, are the second leading cause of antibiotic prescriptions. The vast majority of these infections are due to viruses and are self-limited diseases: most patients recover spontaneously. These two facts explain that antibiotic prescriptions must be limited to some clinical situations for which the diagnosis has to be done early. The first message of this manuscript is to strengthen non-antibiotic prescriptions in many situations such as bronchitis and bronchiolitis...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240687/decreasing-inappropriate-use-of-antibiotics-in-primary-care-in-four-countries-in-south-america-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Inés Urbiztondo, Lars Bjerrum, Lidia Caballero, Miguel Angel Suarez, Monica Olinisky, Gloria Córdoba
High antibiotic prescribing and antimicrobial resistance in patients attending primary care have been reported in South America. Very few interventions targeting general practitioners (GPs) to decrease inappropriate antibiotic prescribing have been investigated in this region. This study assessed the effectiveness of online feedback on reducing antibiotic prescribing in patients with suspected respiratory tract infections (RTIs) attending primary care. The aim was to reduce antibiotic prescribing in patients with acute bronchitis and acute otitis media...
December 14, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193814/hospital-admissions-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-born-moderately-late-preterm
#9
Paula Haataja, Päivi Korhonen, Riitta Ojala, Mikko Hirvonen, Matti Korppi, Mika Gissler, Tiina Luukkaala, Outi Tammela
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and predictors of hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in moderately preterm (MP, 32+0 to 33+6 weeks) and late preterm (LP, 34+0 to 36+6 weeks) infants compared to term (T ≥37 weeks) and very preterm (VP, <32+0 weeks) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This national register-based study covered all infants born in Finland in 1991-2008. Data on 1 018 256 infants were analyzed in four gestational age-based groups: VP (n = 6329), MP (n = 6796), LP (n = 39 928), and T (n = 965 203) groups...
November 29, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190684/respiratory-syncytial-and-influenza-viruses-in-children-under-2-years-old-with-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-sari-in-maputo-2015
#10
Mirela Pale, Afonso Nacoto, Almiro Tivane, Neuza Nguenha, Loira Machalele, Félix Gundane, Délcio Muteto, Josina Chilundo, Sandra Mavale, Cynthia Semá-Baltazar, Germano Pires, Orvalho Augusto, Tufária Mussá, Eduardo Gudo
INTRODUCTION: Although respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza virus (influenza) infections are one of the leading causes of Severe Acute Respiratory Infections (SARI) and death in young children worldwide, little is known about the burden of these pathogens in Mozambique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2016, nasopharyngeal swabs from 450 children, aged ≤2 years, who had been admitted to the Pediatric Department of the Maputo Central Hospital (HCM) in Mozambique, suffering with SARI were enrolled and tested for influenza and RSV using a real-time PCR assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145312/bilateral-femoral-posterior-neurocutaneous-perforater-flap-successfully-treating-fournier-gangrene-a-case-report
#11
Tao Wang, Gang Zhao, Yong-Jun Rui, Jing-Yi Mi
RATIONALE: Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), characterized by widespread fascial necrosis, is a rare disease in clinic. Fournier gangrene (FG) is a special type of NF involved of perineum and scrotum. To our knowledge, no article has reported on bilateral femoral posterior neurocutaneous perforater flap treating for FG. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old Chinese male complained of perineal skin necrosis for 19 days. The patient received treatment in other hospital due to chronic bronchitis on April 15th and body temperature ranged from 38 to 39 °C...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081858/prolonged-cough-in-pediatric-population-first-line-care-belgian-guidelines
#12
Sophie Leconte, Stéphanie Valentin, Estelle Dromelet, Michel De Jonghe
BACKGROUND: The clinical approach to a prolonged cough, i.e. a cough lasting more than three weeks, is challenging for general practitioners as well for primary care pediatricians. What the recommended clinical approach in primary care is, how cough duration or cough characteristics impact the diagnosis, and what the efficiency and safety of antibiotics or symptomatic treatments are remain in question for primary care physicians. OBJECTIVE: The last Belgian guidelines were published in 2006 and needed to be reviewed...
2017: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077003/antibiotic-prescribing-for-uncomplicated-acute-bronchitis-is-highest-in-younger-adults
#13
Larissa Grigoryan, Roger Zoorob, Jesal Shah, Haijun Wang, Monisha Arya, Barbara W Trautner
Reducing inappropriate antibiotic prescribing is currently a global health priority. Current guidelines recommend against antibiotic treatment for acute uncomplicated bronchitis. We studied antibiotic prescribing patterns for uncomplicated acute bronchitis and identified predictors of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing. We used the Epic Clarity database (electronic medical record system) to identify all adult patients with acute bronchitis in family medicine clinics from 2011 to 2016. We excluded factors that could justify antibiotic use, such as suspected pneumonia, COPD or immunocompromising conditions...
October 27, 2017: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052109/assessments-of-opportunities-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing-in-an-emergency-department-a-period-prevalence-survey
#14
Tristan T Timbrook, Aisling R Caffrey, Anais Ovalle, Maya Beganovic, William Curioso, Melissa Gaitanis, Kerry L LaPlante
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 30% of all outpatient antimicrobials are inappropriately prescribed. Currently, antimicrobial prescribing patterns in emergency departments (ED) are not well described. Determining inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing patterns and opportunities for interventions by antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) are needed. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed among a random sample of non-admitted, adult patients who received an antimicrobial prescription in the ED from January 1 to December 31, 2015...
December 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037960/effect-of-procalcitonin-guided-antibiotic-treatment-on-mortality-in-acute-respiratory-infections-a-patient-level-meta-analysis
#15
Philipp Schuetz, Yannick Wirz, Ramon Sager, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Daiana Stolz, Michael Tamm, Lila Bouadma, Charles E Luyt, Michel Wolff, Jean Chastre, Florence Tubach, Kristina B Kristoffersen, Olaf Burkhardt, Tobias Welte, Stefan Schroeder, Vandack Nobre, Long Wei, Heiner C Bucher, Djillali Annane, Konrad Reinhart, Ann R Falsey, Angela Branche, Pierre Damas, Maarten Nijsten, Dylan W de Lange, Rodrigo O Deliberato, Carolina F Oliveira, Vera Maravić-Stojković, Alessia Verduri, Bianca Beghé, Bin Cao, Yahya Shehabi, Jens-Ulrik S Jensen, Caspar Corti, Jos A H van Oers, Albertus Beishuizen, Armand R J Girbes, Evelien de Jong, Matthias Briel, Beat Mueller
BACKGROUND: In February, 2017, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the blood infection marker procalcitonin for guiding antibiotic therapy in patients with acute respiratory infections. This meta-analysis of patient data from 26 randomised controlled trials was designed to assess safety of procalcitonin-guided treatment in patients with acute respiratory infections from different clinical settings. METHODS: Based on a prespecified Cochrane protocol, we did a systematic literature search on the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and Embase, and pooled individual patient data from trials in which patients with respiratory infections were randomly assigned to receive antibiotics based on procalcitonin concentrations (procalcitonin-guided group) or control...
October 13, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018800/asthma-endotypes-and-an-overview-of-targeted-therapy-for-asthma
#16
REVIEW
Sarah Svenningsen, Parameswaran Nair
Guidelines for the management of severe asthma do not emphasize the measurement of the inflammatory component of airway disease to indicate appropriate treatments or to monitor response to treatment. Inflammation is a central component of asthma and contributes to symptoms, physiological, and structural abnormalities. It can be assessed by a number of endotyping strategies based on "omics" technology such as proteomics, transcriptomics, and metabolomics. It can also be assessed using simple cellular responses by quantitative cytometry in sputum...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992906/renal-amyloidosis-associated-with-kartagener-syndrome-in-a-dog
#17
Bartolo Celona, Chiara Crinò, Carmelo Bruno, Simona Di Pietro, Elisabetta Giudice
A 4-year-old cocker spaniel, male, of 12kg body weight was presented because of the onset of polyuria or polydipsia. From the first months of its life, the dog had exhibited constant serous to mucopurulent nasal discharge, productive cough, sneezing, reverse sneezing, otitis, and recurrent episodes of fever. The respiratory signs had been treated several times with antibiotics, without ever achieving a complete resolution. Clinical examination revealed normal rectal temperature (38.3°C), increased respiratory rate (40breaths/min), a copious mucous nasal discharge and right deviation of the heart apex beat (ictus cordis)...
June 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985369/reducing-early-career-general-practitioners-antibiotic-prescribing-for-respiratory-tract-infections-a-pragmatic-prospective-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Parker Magin, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Joshua S Davis, Patrick McElduff, Lucy Yardley, Kim Henderson, Anthea Dallas, Lawrie McArthur, Katie Mulquiney, Andrew Davey, Paul Little, Neil Spike, Mieke L van Driel
Background: Inappropriate antibiotic prescription and consequent antibacterial resistance is a major threat to healthcare. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of a multifaceted intervention in reducing early career general practitioners' (GPs') antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) and acute bronchitis/bronchiolitis. Methods: A pragmatic non-randomized trial employing a non-equivalent control group design nested within an existing cohort study of GP registrars' (trainees') clinical practice...
July 17, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981235/-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-immunocompetent-adult
#19
F Jacobs
Lower respiratory tract infections represent one of the main causes of mortality in the world. They essentially consist of bronchitis, acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive bronchopulmonary diseases (COPD) and acute pneumonia. If acute bronchitis is mainly of viral origin, acute exacerbations of COPD and pneumonia are mainly due to a trio of bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis). Other pathogens as many viruses and atypical bacteria such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella, some Enterobacteriaceae and very rarely Pseudomonas aeruginosa are also implicated...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961815/quality-of-antibiotic-prescribing-of-swiss-primary-care-physicians-with-high-prescription-rates-a-nationwide-survey
#20
Dominik Glinz, Selene Leon Reyes, Ramon Saccilotto, Andreas F Widmer, Andreas Zeller, Heiner C Bucher, Lars G Hemkens
Objectives: To assess the quality of antibiotic prescribing of Swiss primary care physicians with high prescription rates. Methods: In January 2015, we mailed a structured questionnaire to 2900 primary care physicians in Switzerland. They were included in a nationwide pragmatic randomized controlled trial on routine antibiotic prescription monitoring and feedback based on health insurance claims data. We asked them to record the diagnosis and antibiotic treatment for 44 consecutive patients with the most common conditions associated with antibiotic prescribing in primary care...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
keyword
keyword
41431
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"