Read by QxMD icon Read

resident + legal

Maria Chiu, Michael Lebenbaum, Kelvin Lam, Nelson Chong, Mahmoud Azimaee, Karey Iron, Doug Manuel, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Ontario, the most populous province in Canada, has a universal healthcare system that routinely collects health administrative data on its 13 million legal residents that is used for health research. Record linkage has become a vital tool for this research by enriching this data with the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada Permanent Resident (IRCC-PR) database and the Office of the Registrar General's Vital Statistics-Death (ORG-VSD) registry. Our objectives were to estimate linkage rates and compare characteristics of individuals in the linked versus unlinked files...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Steven Schinke, Traci Schwinn, Jessica Hopkins, Prakash Gorroochurn, Lindsey Wahlstrom
BACKGROUND: Growing moves in the U.S. toward relaxed laws surrounding adult use of marijuana raise concerns about concurrent increases in adolescent use of marijuana. OBJECTIVES: This study collected and analyzed primary data on the relationship between marijuana legalization status in U.S. states and adolescents' marijuana use. METHODS: Recruited through social networking sites and youth-services community agencies, a sample of 1,310 adolescents from 48 U...
October 18, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Douglas MacKay, Alexandra Robinson
Governments must determine the legal procedures by which their residents are registered, or can register, as organ donors. Provided that governments recognize that people have a right to determine what happens to their organs after they die, there are four feasible options to choose from: opt-in, opt-out, mandated active choice, and voluntary active choice. We investigate the ethics of these policies' use of nudges to affect organ donor registration rates. We argue that the use of nudges in this context is morally problematic...
November 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Sarah E Velasquez, Enrique Chaves-Carballo, Eve-Lynn Nelson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2.7 million individuals in the United States are affected by epilepsy. It is the fourth most common neurological disorder and affects people of all ages, races, and economic backgrounds. In many rural states, the few pediatric neurologists commonly practice in the metropolitan areas. The inadequate resources present challenges for families residing in rural areas or with limited transportation resources. One remedy for this situation is to deliver pediatric neurology services to rural areas through videoconferencing...
August 10, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Marshall B Kapp
Medical education, including education intended to prepare future physicians to care to older individuals, should include development and implementation of competencies relating to a physician's ability to understand and interact with the legal environment and legal actors who will impact the practice of medicine. The wisdom of integrating legal knowledge into the medical curriculum has been documented and literature discusses the content and methods of teaching medical students and residents about law and the legal system...
October 14, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Eduardo Romano, Mario de la Rosa, Mariana Sánchez, Rosa Babino
In a previous effort we showed that compared with immigrants who are permanent residents, undocumented immigrants are more likely to binge drink, but less likely to drink while impaired (DWI) partly due to their limited amount of driving. This report examines a related risk: riding with an impaired driver (RWI). Data came from an ongoing longitudinal sample of Latino immigrants to Miami-Dade County, FL. Descriptive analyses and regression techniques were applied. While DWI rates among Latino immigrants is heavily limited by their access to a car, RWI rates were not restricted by driving limitations, nor related to participants' legal immigration status (LIS)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Stephen Alerhand
Barely had I received my PGY2 in-service exam score when an attorney wrote me offering to pay for my supposed "medical expertise." Having come across one of my FOAM blog write-ups, he asked if I would consult with him on that topic for his client's medico-legal case against the defendant emergency physician. My natural response was to inform the attorney that I was only a resident. However, it seems that is precisely why he sought my insight. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 22, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Piotr Nowakowski
Government agencies have implemented regulations to reduce the volume of waste electrical and electronic equipment to protect the environment and encourage recycling. The effectiveness of systems through which waste electrical and electronic equipment is collected and recycled depends on (a) the development and operation of new programmes to process this material and (b) on information dissemination programmes aimed at manufacturers, retail sellers, and the consuming public. This study analyses these two elements...
November 2016: Waste Management & Research
Maia Mestvirishvili, Tinatin Zurabishvili, Tamar Iakobidze, Natia Mestvirishvili
The purpose of this study is to determine statistical predictors of homophobic attitudes among the residents of Tbilisi, Georgia. We analyze 2013 survey data from a representative sample of the Tbilisi adult population. Residents were asked about their attitudes, beliefs, and political and social values in the context of the 17 May 2013 attack on LGBT activists on the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHOT). Findings show that homophobia is significantly predicted by male gender, lower levels of education, acceptance of social inequality, non-liberal attitudes, and by perceiving homosexuals as a "threat to national security"...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Susan E Hickman, Kathleen T Unroe, Mary T Ersek, Bryce Buente, Arif Nazir, Greg A Sachs
OBJECTIVES: To describe processes and preliminary outcomes from the implementation of a systematic advance care planning (ACP) intervention in the nursing home setting. DESIGN: Specially trained project nurses were embedded in 19 nursing homes and engaged in ACP as part of larger demonstration project to reduce potentially avoidable hospitalizations. SETTING: Nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: Residents enrolled in the demonstration project for a minimum of 30 days between August 2013 and December 2014 (n = 2,709) and residents currently enrolled in March 2015 (n = 1,591)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
M Böttche, N Stammel, C Knaevelsrud
Traumatic experiences resulting from war and violence can lead to a broad spectrum of psychological and somatic stress responses. The psychological strain of traumatized refugees is frequently aggravated by specific post-migration stressors. The current healthcare provision in Germany is characterized by many restrictions. The different residence permits are associated with a limited access to medical and psychotherapeutic services. In addition, there are several barriers limiting access of this group of patients to the healthcare system (e...
September 20, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Sarah S Conrad, Amy N Addams, Geoffrey H Young
Medical schools and residency programs have always sought excellence in the areas of education, research, and clinical care. However, these pursuits are not accomplished within a vacuum-rather, they are continually and necessarily influenced by social, cultural, political, legal, and economic forces. Persistent demographic inequalities coupled with rapidly evolving biomedical research and a complex legal landscape heighten our collective awareness and emphasize the continued need to consider medicine's social contract when selecting, educating, and developing physicians and physician-scientists...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jenifer Hashem, Maya Deza Culbertson, John Munyak, Jack Choueka, Nima P Patel
BACKGROUND: Complaints related to the hands, wrists, and fingers comprise approximately 3.7 million emergency department visits annually. The complexity of this subject can confound timely diagnosis and treatment, particularly if the treating physician has not received specialized training. We set out to determine whether emergency medicine training in the USA provides adequate preparation for dealing with the identification, management, and treatment of hand, wrist, and finger injuries...
September 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Elizabeth Lin, Robert Balogh, Caitlin McGarry, Avra Selick, Kristin Dobranowski, Andrew S Wilton, Yona Lunsky
OBJECTIVES: Describe the prevalence of substance-related and addictive disorders (SRAD) in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and compare the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of adults with IDD and SRAD to those with IDD or SRAD only. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study (the Health Care Access Research and Development Disabilities (H-CARDD) cohort). SETTING: All legal residents of Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 66 484 adults, aged 18-64, with IDD identified through linked provincial health and disability income benefits administrative data from fiscal year 2009...
September 2, 2016: BMJ Open
Maxine Trent, Kimberly Waldo, Hania Wehbe-Janek, Daniel Williams, Wendy Hegefeld, Lisa Havens
BACKGROUND: Health care providers often experience traumatic events and adversity that can have negative emotional impacts on the profession and on patients. These impacts are typically multifaceted and can result from many different events, such as unanticipated outcomes, licensing board complaints, claims, and litigation. Because health care providers are exposed to diverse situations, they require adequate and timely support, imperative for provider resilience and patient safety. This study evaluated the success of an institution's second victim health care support program and best practices in responding to these traumatic experiences effectively...
August 2016: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
Anna Butjosa, Juana Gómez-Benito, Elena Huerta-Ramos, Núria Del Cacho, Ana Barajas, Iris Baños, Judith Usall, Montserrat Dolz, Bernardo Sánchez, Janina Carlson, Josep Maria Haro, Susana Ochoa
This study presents a quantitative analysis of the incidence of stressful life events (SLEs) and the variables gender, age at onset, family history and psychotic symptoms in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP). A descriptive, cross-sectional methodology was used to interview 68 patients with FEP between 13 and 47 years of age. The Psychiatric Epidemiology Research Interview Life Events Scale collected one-year period prior to onset of FEP - used to analyse the subcategories academic, work, love and marriage, children, residence, legal affairs, finances and social activities-, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia scale were used to assess the relevance of certain SLEs during adolescence...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Caitlin Gerdts, Silvia DeZordo, Joanna Mishtal, Jill Barr-Walker, Patricia A Lohr
OBJECTIVES: Restrictive policies that limit access to abortion often lead women to seek services abroad. We present results from an exploratory study aimed at documenting the socio-demographic characteristics, travel and abortion-seeking experiences of non-resident women seeking abortions in the UK. METHODS: Between August 2014 and March 2015, we surveyed a convenience sample of 58 non-UK residents seeking abortions at three British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS) abortion clinics in England in order to better understand the experiences of non-resident women who travel to the UK seeking abortion services...
October 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Chao Guo, Lihua Pang, Lei Zhang, Gong Chen, Zhenjie Wang, Xiaoying Zheng
This study explores the distribution of sexual orientations and examined disparities by sex and rural and urban residency of non-heterosexual youth, aged 15-24 years, in China. Data was derived from a 2009 nationally representative survey. Among 22288 participants, 0.79% identified as homosexual, 1.47% identified as bisexual, and 4.26% were unsure about their sexual orientation. Compared with male youth and urban youth, female youth (adjusted odds ratio=1.37, 95% confidence interval: 1.23-1.52) and rural youth (adjusted odds ratio=1...
August 19, 2016: Sexual Health
Lisbeth Thoresen, Rolf Ahlzén, Kari Nyheim Solbrække
Advance care planning (ACP) is an international concept for improving patient autonomy and communication in the context of anticipated deterioration and end-of-life care. In a preparatory conversation, health care professionals facilitate one or more conversations where nursing home residents are invited to reflect on, and articulate wishes and preferences concerning future medical treatment and end-of-life care. Our aim with this study was to increase knowledge of existing ACP practices in Norwegian nursing homes...
August 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"