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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911952/trends-in-food-insecurity-among-california-residents-from-2001-to-2011-inequities-at-the-intersection-of-immigration-status-and-ethnicity
#1
Katrina M Walsemann, Annie Ro, Gilbert C Gee
Although immigrants are healthier than non-immigrants on numerous outcomes, the reverse appears to be true with regards to food insecurity. Most studies ignore heterogeneity in the risk for food insecurity within immigration status and by ethnicity, even though significant variation likely exists. We consider how immigration status and ethnicity are related to trends in food insecurity among Latinos and Asians in California from 2001 through 2011. Data come from the 2001 to 2011 restricted California Health Interview Survey (n=245,679)...
September 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892720/physicians-in-training-are-not-prepared-to-prescribe-medical-marijuana
#2
Anastasia B Evanoff, Tiffany Quan, Carolyn Dufault, Michael Awad, Laura Jean Bierut
BACKGROUND: While medical marijuana use is legal in more than half of U.S. states, evidence is limited about the preparation of physicians-in-training to prescribe medical marijuana. We asked whether current medical school and graduate medical educational training prepare physicians to prescribe medical marijuana. METHODS: We conducted a national survey of U.S. medical school curriculum deans, a similar survey of residents and fellows at Washington University in St...
September 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890759/general-perceptions-and-awareness-level-among-local-residents-in-penang-island-toward-bats-conservation-efforts
#3
Nur Juliani Shafie, Shahrul Anuar Mohd Sah, Aini Hasanah Abdul Mutalib, Nik Fadzly
The population of bats has declined from year to year caused by human activities such as logging and hunting activities. Since the human factor is linked to the issues of population decline in many animal species, a community-based conservation strategy that involved local communities is needed. We conducted face-to-face surveys among residents in Penang Island to assess knowledge and awareness level toward bats conservation efforts. We collected demographic values such as age, gender, level of education, length of residency as well as their monthly income, since different group in these variable might have different perception...
July 2017: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888290/experiencing-discrimination-in-los-angeles-latinos-at-the-intersection-of-legal-status-and-socioeconomic-status
#4
Nancy S Landale, R S Oropesa, Aggie J Noah
Despite its recent slowdown, immigration from Latin America continues to be a controversial issue. Some scholars argue that the social climate is increasingly inhospitable to Latinos, potentially fueling discriminatory attitudes and behaviors. However, little research has examined Latinos' experiences with discrimination, especially variation by nativity and legal status. We address this issue with research on perceived discrimination among Mexican and Central American residents of Los Angeles County, a major destination for Latin American immigrants...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874236/funding-antiretroviral-treatment-for-hiv-positive-temporary-residents-in-australia-prevents-transmission-and-is-inexpensive
#5
Richard T Gray, Jo Watson, Aaron J Cogle, Don E Smith, Jennifer F Hoy, Lisa A Bastian, Robert Finlayson, Fraser M Drummond, Bill Whittaker, Matthew G Law, Kathy Petoumenos
Background: The aim of this study is to estimate the reduction in new HIV infections and resultant cost outcomes of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) through Australia's 'universal access' health scheme to all temporary residents with HIV infection living legally in Australia, but currently deemed ineligible to access subsidised ART via this scheme. Methods: A mathematical model to estimate the number of new HIV infections averted and the associated lifetime costs over 5 years if all HIV-positive temporary residents in Australia had access to ART and subsidised medical care was developed...
September 6, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869572/barriers-to-effective-municipal-solid-waste-management-in-a-rapidly-urbanizing-area-in-thailand
#6
Nachalida Yukalang, Beverley Clarke, Kirstin Ross
This study focused on determining the barriers to effective municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in a rapidly urbanizing area in Thailand. The Tha Khon Yang Subdistrict Municipality is a representative example of many local governments in Thailand that have been facing MSWM issues. In-depth interviews with individuals and focus groups were conducted with key informants including the municipality staff, residents, and external organizations. The major influences affecting waste management were categorized into six areas: social-cultural, technical, financial, organizational, and legal-political barriers and population growth...
September 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863219/discussing-advance-care-planning-and-directives-in-the-general-population
#7
Pascal J de Caprariis, Bronwyn Rucker, Claudia Lyon
The concept of end-of-life planning, along with medical and legal issues, has been discussed and has evolved over several years. The 1990 Patient Self-Determination Act and individual states' Department of Health Advance Directive forms helped overcome past problems. Patients with terminal and chronic illness are now able to have their wishes recognized for their future care. Any healthy individual's decision during an advance care planning (ACP) discussion can be adversely affected by various factors; however, multiple barriers-religion, culture, education, and family dynamics-can influence the process...
September 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854303/medical-malpractice-lawsuits-involving-surgical-residents
#8
Cornelius A Thiels, Asad J Choudhry, Mohamed D Ray-Zack, Rachel A Lindor, John R Bergquist, Elizabeth B Habermann, Martin D Zielinski
Importance: Medical malpractice litigation against surgical residents is rarely discussed owing to assumed legal doctrine of respondeat superior, or "let the master answer." Objective: To better understand lawsuits targeting surgical trainees to prevent future litigation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Westlaw, an online legal research database containing legal records from across the United States, was retrospectively reviewed for malpractice cases involving surgical interns, residents, or fellows from January 1, 2005, to January 1, 2015...
August 30, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852275/factors-responsible-for-disclosure-of-hiv-seropositivity-among-residents-of-cross-river-state-nigeria
#9
Iwasam Elemi Agbor, Aniekan Etokidem, Emmanuel Ugwa
CONTEXT: Disclosure of HIV-positive status to sex partners is viewed as a preventive measure and as a social and legal responsibility for HIV-infected individuals. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the proportions and factors responsible for disclosure of HIV seropositivity among residents of Cross River State, Nigeria. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional comparative study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: It involved 320 HIV-positive individuals equally selected from the urban and rural settings of Cross River State and use questionnaires...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845066/marijuana-policy-opinions-in-washington-state-since-legalization-would-voters-vote-the-same-way
#10
Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman, William C Kerr
BACKGROUND: In 2012, voters in Washington state approved Initiative 502 (I-502) which legalized recreational marijuana use at the state level. This study examines the relationship between demographics, marijuana and alcohol use, and voting outcomes, as well as how these variables relate to (i) whether voters would still vote the same way (a reflection of satisfaction with the new policy) and (ii) the likelihood of using marijuana purchased from legal retail stores. METHODS: The sample consists of 2,007 adult Washington state residents recruited through Random Digit Dial between January and October 2014...
December 2016: Contemporary Drug Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841781/non-medical-use-of-psychoactive-prescription-drugs-is-associated-with-fatal-poisoning
#11
Jari Haukka, Pirkko Kriikku, Claudia Mariottini, Timo Partonen, Ilkka Ojanperä
AIMS: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence and predictors of non-medical substance use, and to assess the association between non-medical substance use and fatal poisoning or history of drug abuse in Finland. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study of all medico-legally investigated death cases in Finland. The post-mortem toxicology database was linked together with the register on reimbursed prescription medicines. PARTICIPANTS/CASES: All post-mortem cases between 2011 and 2013 positive for one or more of the following drugs: oxycodone, fentanyl, tramadol, clonazepam, gabapentin, pregabalin, tizanidine, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, alprazolam, zolpidem, mirtazapine, and bupropion, n=2974...
August 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840518/does-acculturative-stress-influence-immigrant-sexual-hiv-risk-and-hiv-testing-behavior-evidence-from-a-survey-of-male-mexican-migrants
#12
Ana P Martinez-Donate, Xiao Zhang, M Gudelia Rangel, Melbourne F Hovell, J Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Sylvia Guendelman
OBJECTIVE: Migration is a structural factor that increases HIV vulnerability. Acculturative stress represents a possible mechanism through which migration may negatively impact HIV risk. This study investigated socio-ecological factors associated with acculturative stress levels and examined the association between acculturative stress and HIV-related behavior among Mexican im/migrants. METHODOLOGY: We used data from a probability survey of Mexican im/migrants (N = 1383) conducted in Tijuana, Mexico, in 2009-2010...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835266/medicinal-and-commercial-uses-of-ostrich-products-in-tanzania
#13
Flora Magige, Eivin Røskaft
BACKGROUND: Traditional communities have been utilizing animal products for numerous purposes and have for a long time contributed to the accumulation of world knowledge. Local people in Tanzania and elsewhere in Africa, have been using birds including ostriches as pets or their products such as meat, eggs as food; their body parts such as feathers, bones and hide for ornaments but more importantly have used such products in traditional medicine and rituals. Nevertheless, there is a general lack of information about the differences that exist between local people with different cultures, and the best use of such products to improve their livelihoods...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832204/wrong-bone-excision-in-hand-surgery
#14
Nicholas M Caggiano, David L Nelson, Saul J Kaplan, Kristofer S Matullo
BACKGROUND: The incidence of wrong-bone excision in hand surgery is not known. The wrist offers a unique challenge in that a single surgical incision yields access to multiple potential surgical sites, thus rendering site marking less effective. Mistaken identification of structures in the wrist is a real and potentially troublesome phenomenon. This study is designed to evaluate the occurrence of wrong-bone excision and to identify any risk factors and preventative measures that may help to prevent this complication in the future...
September 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829924/the-10-conditions-that-increased-vermont-s-readiness-to-implement-statewide-health-system-transformation
#15
David Grembowski, Miriam Marcus-Smith
Following an arduous, 6-year policy-making process, Vermont is the first state implementing a unified, statewide all-payer integrated delivery system with value-based payment, along with aligned medical and social service reforms, for almost all residents and providers in a state. Commercial, Medicare, and Medicaid value-based payment for most Vermonters will be administered through a new statewide accountable care organization in 2018-2022. The purpose of this article is to describe the 10 conditions that increased Vermont's readiness to implement statewide system transformation...
August 22, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815792/understanding-implications-of-consumer-behavior-for-wildlife-farming-and-sustainable-wildlife-trade
#16
A Nuno, J M Blumenthal, T J Austin, J Bothwell, G Ebanks-Petrie, B J Godley, A C Broderick
Unsustainable wildlife trade affects biodiversity and the livelihoods of communities dependent upon those resources. Wildlife farming has often been proposed to promote sustainable trade but characterizing markets and understanding consumer behaviour remain neglected, but essential, steps with important implications for its design and evaluation. We used sea turtle trade in the Cayman Islands as a case study - where turtle meat for consumption has been produced for almost 50 years, to explore consumer preferences towards wild-sourced (illegal) and farmed (legal) products and potential conservation implications...
August 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810157/propagating-the-haze-community-and-professional-perceptions-of-cannabis-cultivation-and-the-impacts-of-prohibition
#17
Helen Beckett Wilson, Stuart Taylor, Giles Barrett, Janet Jamieson, Lauren Grindrod
BACKGROUND: Recent decades have seen substantial changes in the UK cannabis landscape, including increased domestic production, the ascendancy of stronger strains (namely 'skunk') and the drug's reclassification under the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act. Resultantly, cannabis retains significance in the consciousness, priorities and policy agendas of communities, drug services and criminal justice agencies. METHODS: This paper presents an empirical study, which examined both perceptions and impacts of cannabis cultivation and its control within a North-West English borough...
October 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804394/hard-and-soft-age-discrimination-the-dual-nature-of-workplace-discrimination
#18
Justyna Stypinska, Konrad Turek
The paper concentrates on the problem of age discrimination in the labour market and the way it can be conceptualised and measured in a multi-disciplinary way. The approach proposed here combines two understandings of age discrimination-a sociological and legal one, what allows for a fuller and expanded understanding of ageism in the workplace. At the heart of the study is a survey carried out in Poland with a sample of 1000 men and women aged 45-65 years. The study takes a deeper and innovative look into the issue of age discrimination in employment...
March 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780239/-it-is-just-like-having-a-period-with-back-pain-exploring-women-s-experiences-with-community-based-distribution-of-misoprostol-for-early-abortion-on-the-thailand-burma-border
#19
Ellen Tousaw, Sweet Naw Hser Gay Moo, Grady Arnott, Angel M Foster
INTRODUCTION: The lack of economic development and longstanding conflict in Burma have led to mass population displacement. Unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion are common and contribute to maternal death and disability. In 2011, stakeholders operating along the Thailand-Burma border established a community-based distribution program of misoprostol for early abortion, with the aim of providing safe and free abortion care in this low-resource and legally restricted setting. METHODS: We conducted 16 in-depth, in-person interviews with women from Burma residing on both sides of the border who accessed misoprostol through the community-based distribution initiative...
August 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777692/marijuana-use-and-driving-under-the-influence-among-young-adults-a-socioecological-perspective-on-risk-factors
#20
Carla J Berg, Carmen N Daniel, Milkie Vu, Jingjing Li, Kathleen Martin, Lana Le
BACKGROUND: Given increases in marijuana use and driving under the influence (DUI), it is critical to identify those at risk in order to inform intervention efforts. OBJECTIVES: We used a socioecological framework to examine correlates of level of marijuana use and DUI in the past month among young adult marijuana users. METHODS: We recruited 1567 participants aged 18-34 years via Facebook ads targeting tobacco and marijuana users in August 2014 to complete an online survey assessing marijuana use and DUI, as well as related multilevel factors...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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