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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336326/-current-status-of-urological-education-in-spain
#1
Juan Gómez Rivas, Ramiro Cabello-Benavente, Gonzalo Bueno-Serrano, Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
INTRODUCTION: Urology is a medicalsurgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical conditions of the urinary tract and retroperitoneum in both sexes and of the male genital tract without age limit. The traditional method of training is based on the imitation of the skills and behaviors of the tutors, creating variability in the training between different centers and giving a passive role to resident internal physicians (MIR). LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK: The 2006 BOE establishes the specific formative content in its theoretical, practical and scientific facets...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335810/sexual-and-reproductive-health-education-needs-gender-roles-attitudes-and-acceptance-of-couple-violence-according-to-engaged-men-and-women
#2
Fusun Terzioglu, Gulsah Kok, Gulten Guvenc, Funda Ozdemir, Ilknur Munevver Gonenc, Basak Demirtas Hicyilmaz, Neslihan Yılmaz Sezer
This descriptive study was aimed to evaluate the attitudes of the engaged men and women who are of legal age to marry towards gender roles and acceptance of couple violence, and determine their sexual/reproductive health education needs. It was conducted in two marriage registry offices in Ankara, Turkey. The study sample consisted of 740 participants. Data were collected by using semi-structured form, Gender Roles Attitude Scale and Acceptance of Couple Violence Scale. It was found that the engaged couples had educational needs concerning sexual/reproductive health; socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, age, education, residence, and income level created significant differences in the attitudes related to accepting gender roles and violence; and having an egalitarian attitude towards gender roles decreased the rate of accepting violence between the couples...
January 15, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302165/dedicated-caravan-sites-for-french-gens-du-voyage-public-health-policy-or-construction-of-health-and-environmental-inequalities
#3
Lise Foisneau
In France, gens du voyage ("people who travel" or "travellers") is a term used by the government to categorize various itinerant populations, the majority of which are diverse Romani groups. People categorized as gens du voyage are legally required to reside in particular locations called "dedicated caravan sites." Parliamentary debates about these dedicated caravan sites have clarified that one of the objectives of such sites is to help fulfill the gens du voyage's right to health. However, there is a significant gap between the officially stated goals of such sites and the reality of life within them...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295006/seeking-help-from-police-for-intimate-partner-violence-applying-a-relationship-phase-framework-to-the-exploration-of-victims-evolving-needs
#4
Kim M Shearson
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive social problem requiring multiple levels of intervention across sectors. Women experiencing IPV often seek assistance from police. Such help-seeking efforts are frequently perceived as problematic by both victims and police. A deeper understanding of victims' needs than is currently evident in the literature is needed to facilitate an appropriate, victim-centered police response across a diverse range of victim presentations. Applying a symbolic interactionist and feminist perspective and guided by a constructivist grounded theory approach, this qualitative study aimed to explore the application of Landenburger's model of entrapment in and recovery from violent relationships to understand victims' help-seeking needs when accessing police services...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294828/prevalence-and-correlates-of-forced-sex-as-a-self-reported-mode-of-hiv-acquisition-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#5
Carmen H Logie, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Pat O'Campo, Jay MacGillivray, Uzma Ahmed, Nikita Arora, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Tracey Conway, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global epidemic associated with increased HIV exposure. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of HIV acquisition via forced sex among women living with HIV (WLWH) in Canada. Baseline questionnaire data were analyzed for WLWH (≥16 years) with data on self-reported mode of HIV acquisition, enrolled in a community-based cohort study in British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec. We assessed forced sex (childhood, adulthood) as a self-reported mode of HIV acquisition. Of 1,330 participants, the median age was 42 (interquartile range [IQR] = 35-50) years; 23...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294811/playing-by-the-rules-agency-policy-and-procedure-in-service-experience-of-ipv-survivors
#6
Leila Wood, Laurie Cook Heffron, Molly Voyles, Shanti Kulkarni
More than 1,800 programs exist in the United States, providing not only shelter but also transitional housing, advocacy and support, transportation, legal aid, and group and individual counseling for women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). Shelter and transitional housing provide critical support for survivors, but have also been critiqued for having too many restrictive rules and code of conduct. More information is needed about the impact of rules and agency policy on women seeking services in IPV residential settings...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281091/self-reported-drowsiness-and-safety-outcomes-while-driving-after-an-extended-duration-work-shift-in-trainee-physicians
#7
Clare Anderson, Suzanne Ftouni, Joseph M Ronda, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Charles A Czeisler, Steven W Lockley
Objectives: Extended duration (≥24 h) work shifts (EDWS) are associated with increased risk of motor vehicle crashes, and awareness of any impairment has important implications on legal accountability for any adverse driving outcome. The extent to which adverse driving events were preceded by pre-drive self -reported sleepiness was evaluated in medical residents after EDWS. Methods: Sixteen resident physicians (10F;29.2±2.0y) working EDWS were monitored when driving on their commute to and from the hospital (438 drives)...
December 22, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277409/the-geography-of-crime-and-violence-surrounding-tobacco-shops-medical-marijuana-dispensaries-and-off-sale-alcohol-outlets-in-a-large-urban-low-income-community-of-color
#8
Andrew M Subica, Jason A Douglas, Nancy J Kepple, Sandra Villanueva, Cheryl T Grills
Tobacco shops, medical marijuana dispensaries (MMD), and off-sale alcohol outlets are legal and prevalent in South Los Angeles, California-a high-crime, low-income urban community of color. This research is the first to explore the geographic associations between these three legal drug outlets with surrounding crime and violence in a large low-income urban community of color. First, spatial buffer analyses were performed using point-location and publically accessible January-December 2014 crime data to examine the geography of all felony property and violent crimes occurring within 100, 200, 500, and 1000-foot buffers of these three legal drug outlet types across South Los Angeles...
December 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249401/-infants-living-with-their-mothers-in-the-rennes-france-prison-for-women-between-1998%C3%A2-and-2013-facts-and-perspectives
#9
A Blanchard, L Bébin, S Leroux, M Roussey, M-A Horel, M Desforges, I Page, Y Bidet, M Balençon
Every year in France, nearly 50 infants live in a prison nursery with their mother. According to French law, infants can live with their mother in the prison nursery until they reach 18 months of age. The international community is concerned about the lack of validated social, medical and legal data on these infants living in prison. This was a retrospective and descriptive study. Medical and paramedical files of the General Council of Île-et-Vilaine, France, were studied. Every infant born between 1998 and 2013 while their mother was in prison were included...
December 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247094/oral-medicine-modification-for-older-adults-a-qualitative-study-of-nurses
#10
Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Abina M Crean, Maria Kelly, Laura Sahm
OBJECTIVE: Oral medicines are frequently modified (eg, tablets crushed) for older adults. However, these modifications can have clinical, legal and/or ethical implications. Nurses bear responsibility for medicine administration and hence, perform these modifications. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of nurses about oral medicine modification for older adults. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with nurses providing care to older adults in acute and long-term care settings...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236880/urban-violence-is-the-biggest-cause-of-fatal-work-related-accidents-in-brazil
#11
Ricardo Cordeiro, Verônica Gronau Luz, Élida Azevedo Hennington, Ana Cláudia Alves Martins, Luís Fernando Tófoli
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the occurrence of deaths directly associated with urban violence among fatal work-related accidents. METHODS: Verbal autopsies were performed with the relatives and coworkers of residents of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, who died from external causes in 2015. We have also analyzed police reports and reports of the Legal Medical Institute related to these deaths. RESULTS: We have identified 82 fatal work-related accidents in Campinas in 2015, of which 25 were murders, 35 were traffic accidents not directly related to work activities, and three were suicides at work...
December 11, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233952/epidemiological-study-of-mortality-rate-from-alcohol-and-illicit-drug-abuse-in-iran
#12
Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Ghoreishi, Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: The estimate of mortality associated with illicit opiate use provides useful information to those directing and monitoring local, national and international policies and programs. This study investigated the epidemiology of mortality due to the illegal consumption of narcotics and psychotropic substances in the Iran to provide evidence-based public health data for useful programs and actions aimed at preventing drug-related mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209788/-reform-of-emergency-physician-training-in-austria-finally-up-to-date
#13
REVIEW
H Trimmel, M Baubin, J Kreutziger, G Frank, G Prause
During the last 20 years Austrian prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) have significantly improved. The structure and organization of Austrian EMS comply with European standards but training requirements for prehospital EMS physicians are insufficient when compared with other countries. Although some EMS systems follow the German or Swiss postgraduate training concepts, the legal requirements in Austria defining the scope of mandatory training for physicians in the prehospital setting are only minimal...
December 5, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200972/problems-and-service-needs-among-ex-offenders-with-hiv-risk-behaviors-entering-sober-living-recovery-homes
#14
Douglas L Polcin, Rachael Korcha, Amy A Mericle, Elizabeth Mahoney, Jordana Hemberg
There is currently a nationwide effort to decrease the number of persons who are incarcerated in jails and prisons. However, many ex-offenders on probation or parole do not have access to affordable housing and larger proportions have histories of HIV risk as well as substance abuse problems. In California, sober living houses (SLHs) are becoming an increasingly popular housing option for these individuals. Based largely on the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), SLHs require abstinence from alcohol and drugs and provide peer support for recovery...
2017: Criminal Justice Studies (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191111/the-doing-and-undoing-of-male-household-decision-making-and-economic-authority-in-rwanda-and-its-implications-for-gender-transformative-programming
#15
Erin Stern, Lori Heise, Lyndsay McLean
This paper explores two key norms that underpin intimate partner violence in Rwanda: men's roles as economic providers and decision-making authorities in the household. It describes the political, legal and socio-economic factors affecting these norms and how they create opportunities and barriers to 'undoing' restrictive gender norms. Findings are drawn from an evaluation of Inadshyikirwa, an intimate partner violence prevention programme operating in Rwanda. Across three intervention sectors, 24 focus groups were conducted with unmarried and married men and women residing in intervention communities...
December 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145849/monitoring-so2emission-trends-and-residents-perceived-health-risks-from-pgm-smelting-at-selous-metallurgical-complex-in-zimbabwe
#16
Patrick Gwimbi
BACKGROUND: Persistently high sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions from platinum group metal (PGM) smelting pose a major threat to communities located around smelters. This paper examined SO2 emission trends, emission regulations and residents' perceived health risks from exposures to such emissions at Selous Metallurgical Complex (SMC) PGM smelting facility in Zimbabwe. METHODS: SO2 data from roof monitoring sites at the smelter furnace were aggregated into annual, quarterly and monthly emission trends from 2008 to 2015...
November 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120202/collaboration-confidentiality-and-care
#17
Latoya S Moss
There is an increasing call to attend to the needs of students in distress (Reynolds, 2013). Furthermore, research has begun to highlight links between distress, risky, or dangerous behaviors as well as issues in mental health in the higher education population (Deasy, Coughlan, Pironom, Jourdan, & Mannix-McNamara, 2014). The National Alliance on Mental Health and the Jed Foundation (National Alliance on Mental Illness & the Jed Foundation, 2016) estimate that about 20% of enrolled college students will face some type of mental illness...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108141/teaching-ob-gyn-residents-bioethics-within-a-catholic-healthcare-context
#18
Andrew Steele
Residents entering training in the specialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) often have misconceptions as to what medical interventions Roman Catholic healthcare institutions prohibit, and why certain restrictions are placed on the provision of reproductive health options that are otherwise legally available to women. The Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Healthcare Services, produced by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops seeks to provide a stable framework upon which reproductive health decisions can be based...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081242/assessing-the-special-need-for-protection-of-vulnerable-refugees-testing-the-applicability-of-a-screening-method-rhs-15-to-detect-traumatic-disorders-in-a-refugee-sample-in-germany
#19
Markus Stingl, Michael Knipper, Björge Hetzger, Jessica Richards, Bülent Yazgan, Bernd Gallhofer, Bernd Hanewald
OBJECTIVES: Although EU member states are obligated to take special account of the situation of particularly vulnerable refugees, appropriate and specific measures to detect affected asylum seekers are not yet available. This study tries to pave the way for the implementation of an adequate instrument which at the same time assesses these needs of suffering people whilst responding to the need for mental health assessments specifically designed for refugees. This was done by testing the implementation of a screening method (Refugee Health Screener RHS-15) for trauma related mental health problems in refugees...
October 29, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079913/radiation-protection-factors-influencing-compliance-to-referral-guidelines-in-minor-chest-trauma
#20
Denis Tack, Fabian Louagé, Alain Van Muylem, Nigel Howarth, Pierre Alain Gevenois
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that referral guidelines are not sufficiently known by prescribers and that medico-legal concerns could influence the prescription of radiographs in minor chest trauma. METHODS: We submitted a questionnaire including a typical clinical history and questions on reasons for prescribing radiographs of the ribs in minor chest trauma to 112 prescriptors (33 residents, 18 surgeons, 7 internists, 24 general practitioners and 30 ER physicians)...
October 27, 2017: European Radiology
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