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Maria Manuela Rigano, Assunta Raiola, Teresa Docimo, Valentino Ruggieri, Roberta Calafiore, Paola Vitaglione, Rosalia Ferracane, Luigi Frusciante, Amalia Barone
Solanum lycopersicum represents an important dietary source of bioactive compounds including the antioxidants flavonoids and phenolic acids. We previously identified two genotypes (IL7-3 and IL12-4) carrying loci from the wild species Solanum pennellii, which increased antioxidants in the fruit. Successively, these lines were crossed and two genotypes carrying both introgressions at the homozygous condition (DHO88 and DHO88-SL) were selected. The amount of total antioxidant compounds was increased in DHOs compared to both ILs and the control genotype M82...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Pan Li, Yan-Jie Li, Bo Wang, Hui-Min Yu, Qin Li, Bing-Kai Hou
Glycosyltransferase (GT) family-1, the biggest GT family in plants, typically participates in modification of small molecules and affects many aspects during plant development. In Arabidopsis thaliana, although some UDP glycosyltransferases (UGTs) of family-1 have been functionally characterized, functions of most UGTs remain unknown or fragmentary. Here, we report data for the arabidopsis UGT87A2, a stress-regulated glycosyltransferase. We found that UGT87A2 could be dramatically induced by salinity, osmotic stress, drought and ABA...
October 17, 2016: Physiologia Plantarum
Jinxin Li, Shujie Liu, Juan Wang, Jing Li, Dahui Liu, Jianli Li, Wenyuan Gao
In this work, we selected three fungi strains (Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus oryzae) as elicitors prepared from mycelium or fermentation broth to improve ginsenosides production in adventitious roots culture. The results showed that ginsenosides production (29.90±4.67mgg(-1)) was significantly enhanced upon elicitation with 200mgL(-1)A. niger elicitor prepared from mycelium, which was 3.52-fold of untreated group. HPLC-ESI-MS(n) analysis was performed, showing that ginsenoside Rb3 was present after treatment with the A...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Hafiz Mamoon Rehman, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Le Bao, Zahid Hussain Shah, Jae-Min Lee, Muhammad Qadir Ahmad, Gyuhwa Chung, Seung Hwan Yang
Family-1 UDP-glycosyltransferases (EC 2.4.1.x; UGTs) are enzymes that glycosylate aglycones into glycoside-associated compounds with improved transport and water solubility. This glycosylation mechanism is vital to plant functions, such as regulation of hormonal homeostasis, growth and development, xenobiotic detoxification, stress response, and biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Here, we report a genome-wide analysis of soybean that identified 149 putative UGTs based on 44 conserved plant secondary product glycosyl-transferase (PSPG) motif amino acid sequences...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
Scott A Sands, Steven M LeVine
Krabbe's disease (KD) is a lysosomal storage disorder in which galactosylceramide, a major glycosphingolipid of myelin, and psychosine (galactose-sphingosine) cannot be adequately metabolized because of a deficiency in galactosylceramidase. Substrate reduction therapy (SRT) has been tested in preclinical studies. The premise of SRT is to reduce the synthesis of substrates that are not adequately digested so that the substrate burden is lowered, resulting in less accumulation of unmetabolized material. SRT is used for Gaucher's disease, in which inhibitors of the terminal biosynthetic step are used...
November 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Jie Li, Ping Yang, Jungen Kang, Yantai Gan, Jihua Yu, Alejandro Calderón-Urrea, Jian Lyu, Guobin Zhang, Zhi Feng, Jianming Xie
Brassinosteroids (BRs) have positive effects on many processes during plant growth, development, and various abiotic stress responses. However, little information is available regarding the global gene expression of BRs in response to chilling stress in pepper. In this study, we used RNA sequencing to determine the molecular roles of 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) during a chilling stress response. There were 39,829 transcripts, and, among them, 656 were differently-expressed genes (DEGs) following EBR treatment (Chill+EBR) compared with the control (Chill only), including 335 up-regulated and 321 down-regulated DEGs...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Pan Li, Yan-Jie Li, Feng-Ju Zhang, Gui-Zhi Zhang, Xiao-Yi Jiang, Hui-Min Yu, Bing-Kai Hou
The plant family 1 UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are the biggest GT family in plants, which are responsible for transferring sugar moieties onto a variety of small molecules, and control many metabolic processes. However, their physiological significance in planta is largely unknown. Here, we revealed that two Arabidopsis glycosyltransferase genes, UGT79B2 and UGT79B3, could be strongly induced by various abiotic stresses, including cold, salt and drought stresses. Overexpression of UGT79B2/B3 significantly enhanced plant tolerance to low temperatures as well as drought and salt stresses, while the ugt79b2/b3 double mutants generated by RNAi (RNA interference) and CRISPR-Cas9 strategies were more susceptible to adverse conditions...
September 6, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Jing Li, Nan Li, Yu-Ru Zhao, Yi-Qun Dai, Qiang Huo, Tao Ma, Hong-Mei Li, Cheng-Zhu Wu
OBJECTIVE: To modify the structure of psoralidin using in vitro enzymatic glycosylation to improve its water solubility and stability. METHODS: A new psoralidin glucoside (1) was obtained by enzymatic glycosylation using a UDP- glycosyltransferase. The chemical structure of compound 1 was elucidated by HR-ESI-MS and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis. The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) peaks were integrated and sample solution concentrations were calculated...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Mary L Ladage, Skylar D King, David J Burks, Daniel L Quan, Anastacia M Garcia, Rajeev K Azad, Pamela A Padilla
Individuals with type 2 diabetes display metabolic abnormalities, such as hyperglycemia, increased free fatty acids, insulin resistance, and altered ceramide levels, that contribute to vascular dysfunctions and compromised oxygen delivery. Caenorhabditis elegans fed a glucose-supplemented diet or with altered ceramide metabolism, due to a hyl-2 mutation, are sensitive to oxygen deprivation (anoxia). Our experiments showed that the combination of these factors further decreased the anoxia survival. RNA-sequencing analysis was performed to assess how a glucose-supplemented diet and/or a hyl-2 mutation altered the transcriptome...
October 13, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Chuansong Zhan, Xiaohua Li, Zeying Zhao, Tewu Yang, Xuekui Wang, Biaobiao Luo, Qiyun Zhang, Yanru Hu, Xuebo Hu
BACKGROUND: Anemone flaccida Fr. Shmidt (Ranunculaceae), commonly known as 'Di Wu' in China, is a perennial herb with limited distribution. The rhizome of A. flaccida has long been used to treat arthritis as a tradition in China. Studies disclosed that the plant contains a rich source of triterpenoid saponins. However, little is known about triterpenoid saponins biosynthesis in A. flaccida. RESULTS: In this study, we conducted the tandem transcriptome and proteome profiling of a non-model medicinal plant, A...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Dong Woo Lee, Woo-Yeon Oh, Sang Hyun Yi, Bosung Ku, Moo-Yeal Lee, Yoon Hee Cho, Mihi Yang
Bisphenol A (BPA) has been widely used for manufacturing polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins and has been extensively tested in animals to predict human toxicity. In order to reduce the use of animals for toxicity assessment and provide further accurate information on BPA toxicity in humans, we encapsulated Hep3B human hepatoma cells in alginate and cultured them in three dimensions (3D) on a micropillar chip coupled to a panel of metabolic enzymes on a microwell chip. As a result, we were able to assess the toxicity of BPA under various metabolic enzyme conditions using a high-throughput and micro assay; sample volumes were nearly 2,000 times less than that required for a 96-well plate...
September 30, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Han-Yi Chen, Xu Li
UDP glycosyltransferase plays a major role in the diversity and reactivity of plant specialized metabolites by catalyzing the transfer of the sugar moiety from activated UDP-sugars to various acceptors. Arabidopsis UGT89A2 was previously identified from a genome-wide association study as a key factor that affects the differential accumulation of dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) glycosides in distinct Arabidopsis natural accessions, including Col-0 and C24. The in vitro enzyme assays indicate that these distinct metabolic phenotypes reflect the divergence of UGT89A2 enzyme properties in the Col-0 and C24 accessions...
July 14, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Dan-Dan Guo, Fei Liu, Yan-Hua Tu, Bei-Xuan He, Yue Gao, Mei-Li Guo
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) has received a significant amount of attention as a medicinal plant in China. Flavonoids are the dominant active medical compounds. UDP-glycosyltransferase plays an essential role in the biosynthesis and storage of flavonoids in safflower. In this study, 45 UGT unigenes were screened from our transcriptomic database of safflower. Among them, 27 UGT unigenes were predicted to own a complete open reading frame with various pI and Mw. The phylogenetic tree showed that CtUGT3 and CtUGT16 were classified under the UGT71 subfamily involved in metabolite process, whereas CtUGT25 has high identities with PoUGT both catalyzing the glycosylation of flavonoids and belonging to the UGT90 subfamily...
2016: PloS One
Griet Dewitte, Maarten Walmagh, Margo Diricks, Alexander Lepak, Alexander Gutmann, Bernd Nidetzky, Tom Desmet
UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) are a promising class of biocatalysts that offer a sustainable alternative for chemical glycosylation of natural products. In this study, we aimed to characterize plant-derived UGTs from the GT-1 family with an emphasis on their acceptor promiscuity and their potential application in glycosylation processes. Recombinant expression in E. coli provided sufficient amounts of enzyme for the in-depth characterization of the salicylic acid UGT from Capsella rubella (UGT-SACr) and the stevia UGT from Stevia rebaudiana (UGT-76G1Sr)...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
Julien Le Roy, Brigitte Huss, Anne Creach, Simon Hawkins, Godfrey Neutelings
The phenylpropanoid pathway in plants is responsible for the biosynthesis of a huge amount of secondary metabolites derived from phenylalanine and tyrosine. Both flavonoids and lignins are synthesized at the end of this very diverse metabolic pathway, as well as many intermediate molecules whose precise biological functions remain largely unknown. The diversity of these molecules can be further increased under the action of UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs) leading to the production of glycosylated hydroxycinnamates and related aldehydes, alcohols and esters...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ji-Shan Lin, Xu-Xu Huang, Qin Li, Yingping Cao, Yan Bao, Xia-Fei Meng, Yan-Jie Li, Chunxiang Fu, Bing-Kai Hou
Glycosylation of monolignols has been found to be widespread in land plants since the 1970s. However, whether monolignol glycosylation is crucial for cell wall lignification and how it exerts effects are still unknown. Here, we report the identification of a mutant ugt72b1 showing aggravated and ectopic lignification in floral stems along with arrested growth and anthocyanin accumulation. Histochemical assays and thioacidolysis analysis confirmed the enhanced lignification and increased lignin biosynthesis in the ugt72b1 mutant...
June 8, 2016: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Chun-Hua Ma, Zheng-Jie Gao, Jia-Jin Zhang, Wei Zhang, Jian-Hui Shao, Mei-Rong Hai, Jun-Wen Chen, Sheng-Chao Yang, Guang-Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND: Platycodon grandiflorum is the only species in the genus Platycodon of the family Campanulaceae, which has been traditionally used as a medicinal plant for its lung-heat-clearing, antitussive, and expectorant properties in China, Japanese, and Korean. Oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins were the main chemical components of P. grandiflorum and platycodin D was the abundant and main bioactive component, but little is known about their biosynthesis in plants. Hence, P. grandiflorum is an ideal medicinal plant for studying the biosynthesis of Oleanane-type saponins...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Thomas Zielinski, Melvin Reichman, Preston S Donover, Robert G Lowery
Glycosyltransferase enzymes play diverse metabolic and regulatory roles by catalyzing the transfer of sugar molecules to protein, lipid, and carbohydrate acceptors, and they are increasingly of interest as therapeutic targets in a number of diseases, including metabolic disorders, cancer, and infectious diseases. The glycosyltransferases are a challenging target class from an assay development perspective because of the diversity of both donor and acceptor substrates and the lack of suitable glycan detection methods...
May 2016: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Zhongzhen Wu, Shuying Bin, Hualiang He, Zhengbing Wang, Mei Li, Jintian Lin
Olfactory transduction is a process by which olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) transform odor information into neuronal electrical signals. This process begins with the binding of odor molecules to receptor proteins on olfactory receptor neuron (ORN) dendrites. The major molecular components involved in olfaction include odorant-binding proteins (OBPs), chemosensory proteins (CSPs), odorant receptors (ORs), gustatory receptors (GRs), ionotropic receptors (IRs), sensory neuron membrane proteins (SNMPs) and odorant-degrading enzymes (ODEs)...
2016: PloS One
Lilan Cui, Shengbo Yao, Xinlong Dai, Qinggang Yin, Yajun Liu, Xiaolan Jiang, Yahui Wu, Yumei Qian, Yongzhen Pang, Liping Gao, Tao Xia
Galloylated catechins and flavonol 3-O-glycosides are characteristic astringent taste compounds in tea (Camellia sinensis). The mechanism involved in the formation of these metabolites remains unknown in tea plants. In this paper, 178 UGT genes (CsUGTs) were identified inC. sinensis based on an analysis of tea transcriptome data. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that 132 of these genes were clustered into 15 previously established phylogenetic groups (A to M, O and P) and a newly identified group R. Three of the 11 recombinant UGT proteins tested were found to be involved in the in vitro biosynthesis of β-glucogallin and glycosylated flavonols...
April 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
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