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Strength training adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229575/effects-of-a-low-volume-plyometric-training-in-anaerobic-performance-of-adolescent-athletes
#1
Ari R Assunção, Martim Bottaro, Euler A Cardoso, Daiane P Dantas da Silva, Marcelo Ferraz, Carlos A Vieira, Paulo Gentil
BACKGROUND: Parameters related to the anaerobic capacity and power may be important for the performance of many sports whose skills are related to high-intensity and short- duration efforts. Although plyometric training (PT) has been widely used in the regular strength and conditioning programs of young athletes, its effects on anaerobic performance are still controversial. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of PT in anaerobic performance in young athletes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173788/real-time-optimized-biofeedback-utilizing-sport-techniques-robust-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Mark V Paterno, Bin Huang, Kevin R Ford
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female athletes lead to a variety of short- and long-term physical, financial, and psychosocial ramifications. While dedicated injury prevention training programs have shown promise, ACL injury rates remain high as implementation has not become widespread. Conventional prevention programs use a combination of resistance, plyometric, balance and agility training to improve high-risk biomechanics and reduce the risk of injury. While many of these programs focus on reducing knee abduction load and posture during dynamic activity, targeting hip extensor strength and utilization may be more efficacious, as it is theorized to be an underlying mechanism of injury in adolescent female athletes...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#3
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149421/physical-characteristics-of-elite-adolescent-female-basketball-players-and-their-relationship-to-match-performance
#4
Azahara Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Alicia Montalvo, Alexander Latinjak, Viswanath Unnithan
There were two aims of this study: first, to investigate physical fitness and match performance differences between under-16 (U16) and under-18 (U18) female basketball players, and second, to evaluate the relationship between physical fitness and game-related performances. Twenty-three young, female, elite Spanish basketball players (16.2 1.2 years) participated in the study. The sample was divided into two groups: U16 and U18 players. The average scores from pre- and post-season physical fitness measurements were used for subsequent analyses...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146030/strength-and-conditioning-practices-in-adolescent-rugby-players-relationship-with-changes-in-physical-qualities
#5
Jonathon J S Weakley, Kevin Till, Joshua Darrall-Jones, Gregory A B Roe, Padraic J Phibbs, Dale Read, Ben L Jones
Adolescent rugby players benefit from the implementation of resistance training. However resistance training practices and how they influence short-term physical change is unknown. Therefore the purpose of this study was to quantify resistance training practices, evaluate physical development, and relate these changes to resistance training variables across 12-weeks in adolescent rugby union players. Thirty-five male adolescent rugby union players participated in the study with subjects completing an anthropometric and physical testing battery pre- and post- a 12-week in-season mesocycle...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145740/adaptive-alterations-in-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-strength-in-young-tennis-players
#6
Benoit Gillet, Mickaël Begon, Violaine Sevrez, Christian Berger-Vachon, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT:  Playing tennis requires unilateral and intensive movement of the upper limb, which may lead to functional adaptations of the shoulder and an increased injury risk. Identifying which athletes will be future elite tennis players starts at 5 to 6 years of age. Therefore, highly skilled players practice intensively in their childhood. However, whether these functional changes occur during the prepubertal years has not been established. OBJECTIVES:  To assess changes in glenohumeral-joint-rotation range of motion and strength of the shoulder-complex muscles in prepubertal elite tennis players...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128973/the-role-of-volume-load-in-strength-and-absolute-endurance-adaptations-in-adolescent-s-performing-high-or-low-load-resistance-training
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
James Steele, James P Fisher, Ari R Assunção, Martim Bottaro, Paulo Gentil
This study compared high- (HL) and low-load (LL) resistance training (RT) on strength, absolute endurance, volume-load, and their relationships in untrained adolescents. Thirty-three untrained adolescents of both sexes (males, n = 17; females, n = 16; 14 ± 1 years) were randomly assigned into either (i) HL (n = 17): performing 3 sets of 4-6 repetitions to momentary concentric failure; or (ii) LL (n = 16): performing 2 sets of 12-15 repetitions to momentary concentric failure. RT was performed for 2×/week for 9 weeks...
February 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112424/exercise-and-the-multidisciplinary-holistic-approach-to-adolescent-dysautonomia
#8
K R Armstrong, A M De Souza, P L Sneddon, J E Potts, V E Claydon, S Sanatani
AIM: To determine whether an eight-week strength training programme as part of a multidisciplinary approach would minimise symptoms and improve quality of life in patients with dysautonomia. METHODS: Adolescents referred to a tertiary-level cardiology service from May 2014-December 2015 with symptoms of dysautonomia were eligible. Participants completed an exercise test and a quality of life (QoL) questionnaire (PedsQL) prior to the intervention. Participants were asked to complete exercises five times per week...
January 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#9
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067692/biased-interpretations-of-ambiguous-bodily-threat-information-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#10
L C Heathcote, K Jacobs, C Eccleston, E Fox, J Y F Lau
Adult patients with chronic pain are consistently shown to interpret ambiguous health and bodily information in a pain-related and threatening way. This interpretation bias may play a role in the development and maintenance of pain and disability. However, no studies have yet investigated the role of interpretation bias in adolescent patients with pain, despite that pain often first becomes chronic in youth. We administered the Adolescent Interpretations of Bodily Threat (AIBT) task to adolescents with chronic pain (N = 66) and adolescents without chronic pain (N = 74)...
March 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051335/managing-the-training-load-in-adolescent-athletes
#11
Andrew Murray
While historically adolescents were removed from their parents to prepare to become warriors, this process repeats itself in modern times but with the outcome being athletic performance. This review considers the process of developing athletes and managing load against the backdrop of differing approaches of conserving and maximizing the talent available. It acknowledges the typical training 'dose' that adolescent athletes receive across a number of sports and the typical 'response' when it is excessive or not managed appropriately...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991459/early-indication-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-from-pmp-use-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#12
Diana C Colon, Ulla Verdugo-Raab, Carmelo P Alvarez, Thomas Steffens, Steven C Marcrum, Stefanie Kolb, Caroline Herr, Dorothee Twardella
CONTEXT: Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) may indicate preclinical noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in adolescents from unsafe personal music player (PMP) use. AIMS: The objective, therefore, was to observe preclinical signs of NIHL in 9th grade adolescents with clinically normal hearing by comparing DPOAE signals between different levels of A-weighted equivalent PMP exposure. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Subjects were recruited from all secondary-level schools located in the city of Regensburg, Germany during two academic years 2009/2010 and 2010/2011...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#13
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813683/shoulder-rotator-strength-range-of-motion-and-acromiohumeral-distance-in-asymptomatic-adolescent-volleyball-attackers
#14
Gulcan Harput, Hande Guney, Ugur Toprak, Tunca Kaya, Fatma Filiz Colakoglu, Gul Baltaci
CONTEXT: Sport-specific adaptations at the glenohumeral joint could occur in adolescent athletes because they start participating in high-performance sports in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate shoulder-rotator strength, internal-rotation (IR) and external-rotation (ER) range of motion (ROM), and acromiohumeral distance (AHD) in asymptomatic adolescent volleyball attackers to determine if they have risk factors for injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792271/exercise-and-bmi-z-score-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#15
Kelley George, Kelley Kristi, Pate Russell
AIM: Examine the effects of selected types of exercise (aerobic, strength training, both) on BMI z-score in overweight and obese children and adolescents. METHODS: Randomized exercise intervention trials ≥ 4 weeks were included. Studies were retrieved by searching six electronic databases, cross-referencing and expert review. Dual selection and abstraction occurred. Risk of bias and confidence in cumulative evidence were assessed. Network meta-analysis was performed using multivariate random-effects meta-regression models while surface under the cumulative ranking curves were used to calculate a hierarchy of exercise treatments...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707836/strength-training-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-star-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-resistance-training-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Jennifer M Ryan, Nicola Theis, Cherry Kilbride, Vasilios Baltzopoulos, Charlie Waugh, Adam Shortland, Grace Lavelle, Marika Noorkoiv, Wendy Levin, Thomas Korff
INTRODUCTION: Gait is inefficient in children with cerebral palsy, particularly as they transition to adolescence. Gait inefficiency may be associated with declines in gross motor function and participation among adolescents with cerebral palsy. Resistance training may improve gait efficiency through a number of biomechanical and neural mechanisms. The aim of the Strength Training for Adolescents with cerebral palsy (STAR) trial is to evaluate the effect of resistance training on gait efficiency, activity and participation in adolescents with cerebral palsy...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690487/evidence-based-behavioral-interventions-to-promote-diabetes-management-in-children-adolescents-and-families
#17
Marisa E Hilliard, Priscilla W Powell, Barbara J Anderson
As members of multidisciplinary diabetes care teams, psychologists are well-suited to support self-management among youth with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their families. Psychological and behavioral interventions can promote adherence to the complex and demanding diabetes care regimen, with the goals of promoting high quality of life, achieving optimal glycemic control, and ultimately preventing disease-related complications. This article reviews well-researched contemporary behavioral interventions to promote optimal diabetes family- and self-management and health outcomes in youth with T1D, in the context of key behavioral theories...
October 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634079/effect-of-core-strength-training-on-dynamic-balance-and-agility-in-adolescent-badminton-players
#18
Tarik Ozmen, Mert Aydogmus
The aim of the present study was to investigate effect of core strength training (CST) on core endurance, dynamic balance and agility in adolescent badminton players. Twenty adolescent (age = 10.8 ± 0.3 years; height = 140.6 ± 4.4 cm, weight = 33.9 ± 5.8 kg) badminton players were randomly divided into two groups as training group (TG) and control (CG) group. All subjects were evaluated with Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Illinois Agility Test, and the core endurance tests. The TG completed CST twice a week, for 6 weeks...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617981/effects-of-combined-vigorous-interval-training-program-and-diet-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-physical-self-perceptions-among-obese-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#19
Olivier Rey, Jean-Marc Vallier, Caroline Nicol, Charles-Symphorien Mercier, Christophe Maïano
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a five-week intervention combining vigorous interval training (VIT) with diet among twenty-four obese adolescents. Fourteen girls and ten boys (aged 14 to 15) schooled in a pediatric rehabilitation center participated. PURPOSE: The VIT intensity was targeted and remained above 80% of maximal heart rate (HR) and over six kilocalories per minute. Pre- and post-intervention measures were body composition (BMI, weight, body fat percentage), physical self-perceptions (PSP), physical fitness (six-minute walking distance and work) and its associated physiological responses (HRpeak and blood lactate concentration)...
September 6, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606641/effect-of-abdominal-muscle-training-on-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-forced-expiratory-flows-in-sedentary-healthy-adolescents
#20
Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Ximena Navarro, Darwin Gatica, Carlos Manterola
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory muscle training is the most commonly used method to revert respiratory muscle weakness; however, the effect of protocols based on non-respiratory maneuvers has not been adequately studied in the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to establish the effect of abdominal muscle training on respiratory muscle strength and forced expiratory flows in healthy adolescents. METHODS: This was a quasi-experiment. The sample was made up of healthy adolescents divided into two groups: an experimental group who completed eight weeks of active abdominal muscle training, and an equivalent control group...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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