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Strength training adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#1
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067692/biased-interpretations-of-ambiguous-bodily-threat-information-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#2
L C Heathcote, K Jacobs, C Eccleston, E Fox, J Y F Lau
Adult chronic pain patients are consistently shown to interpret ambiguous health and bodily information in a pain-related and threatening way. This interpretation bias may play a role in the development and maintenance of pain and disability. However, no studies have yet investigated the role of interpretation bias in adolescent pain patients, despite that pain often first becomes chronic in youth. We administered the Adolescent Interpretations of Bodily Threat (AIBT) task to adolescents with chronic pain (N=66) and adolescents without chronic pain (N=74)...
January 6, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051335/managing-the-training-load-in-adolescent-athletes
#3
Andrew Murray
While historically adolescents were removed from their parents to prepare to become warriors, this process repeats itself in modern times but with the outcome being athletic performance. This review considers the process of developing athletes and managing load against the backdrop of differing approaches of conserving and maximizing the talent available. It acknowledges the typical training 'dose' that adolescent athletes receive across a number of sports and the typical 'response' when it is excessive or not managed appropriately...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991459/early-indication-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-from-pmp-use-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Diana C Colon, Ulla Verdugo-Raab, Carmelo P Alvarez, Thomas Steffens, Steven C Marcrum, Stefanie Kolb, Caroline Herr, Dorothee Twardella
CONTEXT: Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) may indicate preclinical noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in adolescents from unsafe personal music player (PMP) use. AIMS: The objective, therefore, was to observe preclinical signs of NIHL in 9th grade adolescents with clinically normal hearing by comparing DPOAE signals between different levels of A-weighted equivalent PMP exposure. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Subjects were recruited from all secondary-level schools located in the city of Regensburg, Germany during two academic years 2009/2010 and 2010/2011...
November 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914305/effectiveness-of-a-cross-circuit-exercise-training-program-in-improving-the-fitness-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-enrolled-in-special-education-schools
#5
Wen-Lan Wu, Yu-Fen Yang, I-Hua Chu, Hsiu-Tao Hsu, Feng-Hua Tsai, Jing-Min Liang
This study assessed the effects of a cross-circuit training intervention program on the body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and muscular strength endurance of overweight or obese students with intellectual disability. A total of 43 students with intellectual disability (aged 13-19 years) were enrolled in this program; 28 overweight/obese students were assigned to either an obesity-control group (n=14) or obesity-exercise group (n=14), and those with normal weight were assigned to a normal weight group (n=15)...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813683/shoulder-rotator-strength-range-of-motion-and-acromiohumeral-distance-in-asymptomatic-adolescent-volleyball-attackers
#6
Gulcan Harput, Hande Guney, Ugur Toprak, Tunca Kaya, Fatma Filiz Colakoglu, Gul Baltaci
CONTEXT: Sport-specific adaptations at the glenohumeral joint could occur in adolescent athletes because they start participating in high-performance sports in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate shoulder-rotator strength, internal-rotation (IR) and external-rotation (ER) range of motion (ROM), and acromiohumeral distance (AHD) in asymptomatic adolescent volleyball attackers to determine if they have risk factors for injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792271/exercise-and-bmi-z-score-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#7
Kelley George, Kelley Kristi, Pate Russell
AIM: Examine the effects of selected types of exercise (aerobic, strength training, both) on BMI z-score in overweight and obese children and adolescents. METHODS: Randomized exercise intervention trials ≥ 4 weeks were included. Studies were retrieved by searching six electronic databases, cross-referencing and expert review. Dual selection and abstraction occurred. Risk of bias and confidence in cumulative evidence were assessed. Network meta-analysis was performed using multivariate random-effects meta-regression models while surface under the cumulative ranking curves were used to calculate a hierarchy of exercise treatments...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707836/strength-training-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-star-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-resistance-training-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Jennifer M Ryan, Nicola Theis, Cherry Kilbride, Vasilios Baltzopoulos, Charlie Waugh, Adam Shortland, Grace Lavelle, Marika Noorkoiv, Wendy Levin, Thomas Korff
INTRODUCTION: Gait is inefficient in children with cerebral palsy, particularly as they transition to adolescence. Gait inefficiency may be associated with declines in gross motor function and participation among adolescents with cerebral palsy. Resistance training may improve gait efficiency through a number of biomechanical and neural mechanisms. The aim of the Strength Training for Adolescents with cerebral palsy (STAR) trial is to evaluate the effect of resistance training on gait efficiency, activity and participation in adolescents with cerebral palsy...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690487/evidence-based-behavioral-interventions-to-promote-diabetes-management-in-children-adolescents-and-families
#9
Marisa E Hilliard, Priscilla W Powell, Barbara J Anderson
As members of multidisciplinary diabetes care teams, psychologists are well-suited to support self-management among youth with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and their families. Psychological and behavioral interventions can promote adherence to the complex and demanding diabetes care regimen, with the goals of promoting high quality of life, achieving optimal glycemic control, and ultimately preventing disease-related complications. This article reviews well-researched contemporary behavioral interventions to promote optimal diabetes family- and self-management and health outcomes in youth with T1D, in the context of key behavioral theories...
October 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634079/effect-of-core-strength-training-on-dynamic-balance-and-agility-in-adolescent-badminton-players
#10
Tarik Ozmen, Mert Aydogmus
The aim of the present study was to investigate effect of core strength training (CST) on core endurance, dynamic balance and agility in adolescent badminton players. Twenty adolescent (age = 10.8 ± 0.3 years; height = 140.6 ± 4.4 cm, weight = 33.9 ± 5.8 kg) badminton players were randomly divided into two groups as training group (TG) and control (CG) group. All subjects were evaluated with Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Illinois Agility Test, and the core endurance tests. The TG completed CST twice a week, for 6 weeks...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617981/effects-of-combined-vigorous-interval-training-program-and-diet-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-physical-self-perceptions-among-obese-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#11
Olivier Rey, Jean-Marc Vallier, Caroline Nicol, Charles-Symphorien Mercier, Christophe Maïano
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a five-week intervention combining vigorous interval training (VIT) with diet among twenty-four obese adolescents. Fourteen girls and ten boys (aged 14 to 15) schooled in a pediatric rehabilitation center participated. PURPOSE: The VIT intensity was targeted and remained above 80% of maximal heart rate (HR) and over six kilocalories per minute. Pre- and post-intervention measures were body composition (BMI, weight, body fat percentage), physical self-perceptions (PSP), physical fitness (six-minute walking distance and work) and its associated physiological responses (HRpeak and blood lactate concentration)...
September 6, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606641/effect-of-abdominal-muscle-training-on-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-forced-expiratory-flows-in-sedentary-healthy-adolescents
#12
Iván Rodríguez-Núñez, Ximena Navarro, Darwin Gatica, Carlos Manterola
INTRODUCTION: Respiratory muscle training is the most commonly used method to revert respiratory muscle weakness; however, the effect of protocols based on non-respiratory maneuvers has not been adequately studied in the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to establish the effect of abdominal muscle training on respiratory muscle strength and forced expiratory flows in healthy adolescents. METHODS: This was a quasi-experiment. The sample was made up of healthy adolescents divided into two groups: an experimental group who completed eight weeks of active abdominal muscle training, and an equivalent control group...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586836/athletic-training-affects-the-uniformity-of-muscle-and-tendon-adaptation-during-adolescence
#13
Falk Mersmann, Sebastian Bohm, Arno Schroll, Robert Marzilger, Adamantios Arampatzis
With the double stimulus of mechanical loading and maturation acting on the muscle-tendon unit, adolescent athletes might be at increased risk of developing imbalances of muscle strength and tendon mechanical properties. This longitudinal study aims to provide detailed information on how athletic training affects the time course of muscle-tendon adaptation during adolescence. In 12 adolescent elite athletes (A) and 8 similar-aged controls (C), knee extensor muscle strength and patellar tendon mechanical properties were measured over 1 yr in 3-mo intervals...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553575/effect-of-water-versus-land-based-exercise-training-as-a-component-of-a-multidisciplinary-intervention-program-for-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#14
Carlos Andrés Lopera, Danilo Fernandes da Silva, Josiane Aparecida Alves Bianchini, João Carlos Locateli, Amanda Caroline Teles Moreira, Rafaela Pilegi Dada, David Thivel, Nelson Nardo
To compare water- versus land-based exercise programs, as part of a multidisciplinary intervention, on physical fitness and health-related quality of life in overweight and obese adolescents. A total of 151 overweight and obese adolescents (age: 13.2±1.8years) were divided into: 1) a water-based intervention (WB; n=28); 2) a land-based intervention (LB; n=57); and 3) a control group (CG; n=66). Anthropometric measures, body composition, flexibility, abdominal strength/endurance, cardiorespiratory fitness and health-related quality of life were assessed prior and by the end of a 16-week intervention...
October 15, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525185/chronic-ucl-injury-a-multimodal-approach-to-correcting-altered-mechanics-and-improving-healing-in-a-college-athlete-a-case-report
#15
Rachel Patrick, Josh McGinty, Ann Lucado, Beth Collier
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears and associated Tommy Johns surgical intervention from excessive and poor quality pitching has increased immensely-with more college and professional pitchers undergoing the surgery in 2014 alone than in the 1990s as a whole.(1) Faulty mechanics developed at young ages are often well-engrained by the late adolescent years and the minimal healing ability of the largely avascular UCL often leads to delayed safe return to sport.(2). PURPOSE: The purpose of this case study was to describe an innovative, multimodal approach to conservative management of a chronic UCL injury in a college-aged baseball pitcher...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457913/neuromuscular-responses-to-short-term-resistance-training-with-traditional-and-daily-undulating-periodization-in-adolescent-elite-judoka
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Boris Ullrich, Thiemo Pelzer, Sergio Oliveira, Mark Pfeiffer
Ullrich, B, Pelzer, T, Oliveira, S, and Pfeiffer, M. Neuromuscular responses to short-term resistance training with traditional and daily undulating periodization in adolescent elite judoka. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2083-2099, 2016-The influence of different periodization models on neuromuscular outcomes after short-term strength training periods has not been examined in adolescent athletes. Eleven elite judoka (age: 14.8 ± 0.6 years, height: 163.2 ± 7.5 cm, body mass: 57.3 ± 11.1 kg, 5 boys/6 girls, and strength training experience: 2...
August 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456094/the-sources-of-strength-australia-project-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Alison L Calear, Jacqueline L Brewer, Philip J Batterham, Andrew Mackinnon, Peter A Wyman, Mark LoMurray, Fiona Shand, Dominique Kazan, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: The school system has been identified as an ideal setting for the implementation of prevention and early intervention programs for suicide. However, in Australia, suicide-prevention programs that are routinely delivered in the schools are lacking. Internationally, evidence exists for the effectiveness of peer-led interventions that take a social connectedness approach to improve help-seeking for suicide. The aim of the current trial is to test the effectiveness of the Sources of Strength program to promote help-seeking for suicide in adolescents in Australian high schools...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454545/a-meta-analysis-of-maturation-related-variation-in-adolescent-boy-athletes-adaptations-to-short-term-resistance-training
#18
Jason Moran, Gavin R H Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, César Meylan, Jay Collison, Dave A Parry
This meta-analysis investigated the maturation-related pattern of adaptations to resistance training in boy athletes. We included studies examining the effects of 4-16-week resistance training programmes in healthy boy athletes aged 10-18 years. Pooled estimates of effect size for change in strength across all studies (n = 19) were calculated using the inverse-variance random effects model for meta-analyses. Estimates were also calculated for groups based on likely biological maturity status ("before", "during" and "after" peak height velocity)...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448801/a-pilot-study-of-biomechanical-assessment-before-and-after-an-integrative-training-program-for-adolescents-with-juvenile-fibromyalgia
#19
Susan T Tran, Staci Thomas, Christopher DiCesare, Megan Pfeiffer, Soumitri Sil, Tracy V Ting, Sara E Williams, Gregory D Myer, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM) tend to be very sedentary and avoid participation in physical activity. A prior study suggested that JFM patients show altered biomechanics compared to healthy adolescents which may make them more prone to pain/injury during exercise. A new intervention combining well established cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques with specialized neuromuscular exercise -Fibromyalgia Integrative Training for Teens (FIT Teens) was developed and shown to be promising in improving functioning in adolescents with JFM...
July 22, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401828/characterizing-safety-net-providers-hpv-vaccine-recommendations-to-undecided-parents-a-pilot-study
#20
L Aubree Shay, Richard L Street, Austin S Baldwin, Emily G Marks, Simon Craddock Lee, Robin T Higashi, Celette Sugg Skinner, Sobha Fuller, Donna Persaud, Jasmin A Tiro
OBJECTIVE: Although provider recommendation is a key predictor of HPV vaccination, how providers verbalize recommendations particularly strong ones is unknown. We developed a tool to describe strength and content of provider recommendations. METHODS: We used electronic health records to identify unvaccinated adolescents with appointments at six safety-net clinics in Dallas, Texas. Clinic visit audio-recordings were qualitatively analyzed to identify provider recommendation types (presumptive vs...
September 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
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