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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137022/the-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-training-on-lean-mass-a-prisma-compliant-meta-analysis
#1
Hengting Chen, Jianxiong Ma, Bin Lu, Xin-Long Ma
BACKGROUND: Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) confers a continuous vibration stimuli to the body. Although some reports have discussed the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) on bone mineral density and muscle strength, study of WBV effects on lean mass have not been determined. The purpose of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate published, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of WBVT on lean mass. METHODS: We identified only RCTs by searching databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to March 2017...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134751/cortical-hemispheric-asymmetries-are-present-at-young-ages-and-further-develop-into-adolescence
#2
Hiroshi Yamazaki, Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Melissa Jane Polonenko, Salima Jiwani, Daniel D E Wong, Blake Croll Papsin, Karen Ann Gordon
Specialization of the auditory cortices for pure tone listening may develop with age. In adults, the right hemisphere dominates when listening to pure tones and music; we thus hypothesized that (a) asymmetric function between auditory cortices increases with age and (b) this development is specific to tonal rather than broadband/non-tonal stimuli. Cortical responses to tone-bursts and broadband click-trains were recorded by multichannel electroencephalography in young children (5.1 ± 0.8 years old) and adolescents (15...
November 13, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114504/effects-of-16-week-spinning-and-bicycle-exercise-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-blood-variables-of-middle-school-students
#3
Jang-Gun Yoon, Seok-Hee Kim, Hyun-Seung Rhyu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 16 weeks of spinning and bicycling exercises on body composition, physical fitness and blood variables in female adolescents. Subjects participated in this study were 24 female middle school students (12 spinning cycles, 12 general bicycles) attending to Seoul Yeoksam middle school. Each group was trained for 16 weeks, 3 times a week, and 1 hr per day after school. Body composition, physical fitness (1,200 running, sit-ups, back strength, sit and reach, side-steps) and blood variables (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glucose, reactive oxygen species, and malondialdehyde) were examined before and after 16 weeks of training...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112056/effects-of-a-resistance-training-intervention-on-strength-power-and-performance-in-adolescent-dancers
#4
Rebecca A Dowse, Mike R McGuigan, Craig Harrison
Dowse, RA, McGuigan, MR, and Harrison, C. Effects of a resistance training intervention on strength, power, and performance in adolescent dancers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine whether a 9-week resistance training program could have a significant effect on maximum lower-body strength and power, dynamic balance, and dance performance in adolescent dancers. Twelve competitive adolescent female dancers trained in jazz, ballet, and contemporary were recruited from local dance schools and assigned to a resistance training group (dance experience 9...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094370/post-ebola-situational-assessment-of-opportunities-for-capacity-building-at-the-national-obstetrics-and-gynecology-referral-hospital-in-sierra-leone
#5
Rachel Chan Seay, Alimamy P Koroma, Jenell Coleman, John Sampson, Lucy Koroma, Emmanuel A Ugwa, Jean Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To describe a site assessment of the Princess Christian Maternity Hospital (PCMH; Freetown, Sierra Leone), the national referral center for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (RMNCAH) services and logical site for focused efforts to train and expand the RMNCAH workforce in Sierra Leone. METHODS: In April 2016, a mixed-methods assessment approach was used involving facility observation and staff interviews using the WHO's Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) tool...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084094/the-effects-of-practical-blood-flow-restriction-training-on-adolescent-lower-body-strength
#6
Paul E Luebbers, Emily V Witte, Johnathan Q Oshel
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a practical blood flow restriction (BFR) training program on lower-body strength of high school weightlifters. Twenty-five students were divided into three groups. For six weeks, each group completed the same resistance training program with the exception of the parallel back squat exercise (2 days/week), which was different for each group. One group (HI) completed a traditional high load (≥65% 1RM) back squat protocol with three sets of low repetitions (≤10)...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075203/physiological-tendon-thickness-adaptation-in-adolescent-elite-athletes-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Michael Cassel, Konstantina Intziegianni, Lucie Risch, Steffen Müller, Tilman Engel, Frank Mayer
Increased Achilles (AT) and Patellar tendon (PT) thickness in adolescent athletes compared to non-athletes could be shown. However, it is unclear, if changes are of pathological or physiological origin due to training. The aim of this study was to determine physiological AT and PT thickness adaptation in adolescent elite athletes compared to non-athletes, considering sex and sport. In a longitudinal study design with two measurement days (M1/M2) within an interval of 3.2 ± 0.8 years, 131 healthy adolescent elite athletes (m/f: 90/41) out of 13 different sports and 24 recreationally active controls (m/f: 6/18) were included...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055242/the-efficacy-of-two-activity-based-interventions-in-adolescents-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#8
Emmanuel Bonney, Gillian Ferguson, Bouwien Smits-Engelsman
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) usually experience psychomotor difficulties that affect their participation in everyday tasks and sports. Without effective intervention, adolescents show persistent motor deficits through adulthood. It is therefore critical to develop interventions to address the specific needs of this population. Studies evaluating the impact of motor interventions among adolescents with DCD are limited. AIM: The study evaluated the efficacy of two activity-based motor interventions in female adolescents with DCD...
October 18, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049845/impact-of-the-initial-fitness-level-on-the-effects-of-a-structured-exercise-therapy-during-pediatric-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Susanne Wallek, Anna Senn-Malashonak, Lutz Vogt, Katharina Schmidt, Peter Bader, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045949/effectiveness-of-a-home-based-active-video-game-programme-in-young-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#10
Tamara Del Corral, Maria Àngels Cebrià I Iranzo, Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Roberto Martínez-Alejos, Isabel Blanco, Jordi Vilaró
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based rehabilitation is already a part of cystic fibrosis (CF) treatment; however, patient adherence is low. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a home exercise programme using active video games (AVGs) as a training modality for children and adolescents with CF. METHODS: Thirty-nine children with CF were randomised to a control group (CG, n = 20, age 11 ± 6 years; FEV1 86.2 ± 20.5% of predicted) or a training group (AVGG, n = 19, age 13 ± 3 years; FEV1 82...
October 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023331/effects-of-plyometric-training-on-components-of-physical-fitness-in-prepuberal-male-soccer-athletes-the-role-of-surface-instability
#11
Yassine Negra, Helmi Chaabene, Senda Sammoud, Raja Bouguezzi, Bessem Mkaouer, Younés Hachana, Urs Granacher
Negra, Y, Chaabene, H, Sammoud, S, Bouguezzi, R, Mkaouer, B, Hachana, Y, and Granacher, U. Effects of plyometric training on components of physical fitness in prepuberal male soccer athletes: the role of surface instability. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Previous studies contrasted the effects of plyometric training (PT) conducted on stable vs. unstable surfaces on components of physical fitness in child and adolescent soccer players. Depending on the training modality (stable vs. unstable), specific performance improvements were found for jump (stable PT) and balance performances (unstable PT)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951415/the-brain-games-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-computerised-cognitive-training-for-preventing-mental-illness-in-adolescents-with-high-risk-personality-styles
#12
Louise Mewton, Antoinette Hodge, Nicola Gates, Rachel Visontay, Maree Teesson
INTRODUCTION: A broad range of mental disorders are now understood as aberrations of normal adolescent brain development. In both adolescents and adults, executive dysfunction has been implicated across a range of mental illnesses, and enhancing executive functioning may prove to be a useful prevention strategy for adolescents at risk for a range of psychopathology. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study will consist of a double-blind, randomised controlled trial with a 12-month follow-up period...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948112/feasibility-and-functional-outcomes-of-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-preoperative-chemotherapy-prior-to-a-limb-sparing-procedure-or-amputation
#13
Angela Meyer Corr, Wei Liu, Michael Bishop, Alberto Pappo, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Michael Neel, Bhaskar Rao, Terry Wilson, Kirsten K Ness
BACKGROUND: Survivors of lower extremity (LE) malignancies experience functional deficits. PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective clinical trial was to determine feasibility and functional outcomes of adding pre-habilitation during the 10-12 week period prior to a planned surgery to remove the tumor in children and adolescents with a LE sarcoma. DESIGN: Pilot study. SETTING: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital (SJCRH)...
January 2017: Rehabilitation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945902/endocrine-treatment-of-gender-dysphoric-gender-incongruent-persons-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#14
Wylie C Hembree, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Louis Gooren, Sabine E Hannema, Walter J Meyer, M Hassan Murad, Stephen M Rosenthal, Joshua D Safer, Vin Tangpricha, Guy G T'Sjoen
Objective: To update the "Endocrine Treatment of Transsexual Persons: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline," published by the Endocrine Society in 2009. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of nine experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942910/improving-functional-mobility-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-treatment-for-non-central-nervous-system-cancers-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Katherine Wacker, Lynn Tanner, Jessica Ovans, Jeffrey Mason, Laura Gilchrist
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancers and subsequent treatments can leave survivors with impairments that may lead to decreased physical performance. Rehabilitation can be an important component of promoting improved physical function in children and adolescents undergoing treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize evidence for nonsurgical, nonpharmacologic, rehabilitation interventions for children and adolescents undergoing treatment for non-central nervous system cancers aimed at improving their physical impairments and functional mobility limitations...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933713/adaptations-associated-with-an-after-school-strength-and-conditioning-program-in-middle-school-aged-boys-a-quasi-experimental-design
#16
Brennan J Thompson, Matt S Stock, Jacob A Mota, Alexander S Drusch, Ryan N DeFranco, Tyler R Cook, Matthew A Hamm
High-intensity strength and conditioning programs aimed at improving youth performance are becoming increasingly prevalent. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 16-week after-school strength and conditioning program on performance and body composition in middle-school-aged boys. Subjects in the training group (n = 16, mean age = 11.8 years) performed 90 minutes of supervised plyometric and resistance training twice weekly for 16 weeks. A group of control subjects (n = 9, age = 12.1 years) maintained their current activity levels...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924353/respiratory-muscle-strength-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-after-training-program
#17
Vera Lúcia Dos Santos Alves, Osmar Avanzi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of a physiotherapy protocol in maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) by manovacuometry. AIS may change the respiratory dynamics and the performance of inspiratory and expiratory muscles, affecting ventilatory capacity. METHODS: Patients with AIS aged 10 to 20 years old were randomly assigned to receive an aerobic exercise-training program or no treatment. They were evaluated for respiratory muscle strength before and after the treatment period by means of manovacuometry, thorax and spine radiographs...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876156/home-based-circuit-training-program-for-an-adolescent-female-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#18
Devashish Tiwari, Carol Daly, Bara Alsalaheen
Adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often discharged from physical therapy (PT) services without transitioning into exertional conditioning programs. Active participation in physical activities with peers at school is essential to achieve a sense of accomplishment and acceptance. Factors such as reduced aerobic fitness and residual gait impairments can lead to limited participation and peer interaction. The purpose of this case report was to describe the impact of home-based circuit training (HBCT) focusing on strength and balance on gait speed (GS), energy expenditure, and functional performance in a 17-year-old female with severe TBI...
September 6, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862962/inspiratory-muscle-training-is-associated-with-improved-inspiratory-muscle-strength-resting-cardiac-output-and-the-ventilatory-efficiency-of-exercise-in-patients-with-a-fontan-circulation
#19
Karina Laohachai, David Winlaw, Hiran Selvadurai, Ganesh Kumar Gnanappa, Yves d'Udekem, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer
BACKGROUND: Patients with a Fontan circulation have reduced exercise capacity and respiratory muscle strength. Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) improves exercise capacity and quality of life in adults with heart failure. We assessed whether 6 weeks of a home-based program of IMT improves inspiratory muscle strength and the ventilatory efficiency of exercise in adolescent patients with a Fontan circulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-three adolescent participants (aged 16±2 years) with a Fontan circulation underwent 6 weeks of IMT for 30 minutes daily...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832250/prevalence-and-correlates-of-resistance-training-skill-competence-in-adolescents
#20
Jordan J Smith, Matthew DeMarco, Sarah G Kennedy, Mark Kelson, Lisa M Barnett, Avery D Faigenbaum, David R Lubans
The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and correlates of adolescents' resistance training (RT) skill competence. Participants were 548 adolescents (14.1 ± 0.5 years) from 16 schools in New South Wales, Australia. RT skills were assessed using the Resistance Training Skills Battery. Demographics, BMI, muscular fitness, perceived strength, RT self-efficacy, and motivation for RT were also assessed. The proportion demonstrating "competence" and "near competence" in each of the six RT skills were calculated and sex differences explored...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
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