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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145167/contraction-response-to-muscle-percussion-a-reappraisal-of-the-mechanism-of-this-bedside-test
#1
Christoph Czarnetzki, André Truffert, Abdelhafid Mekideche, Antoine Poncet, Christopher Lysakowski, Martin R Tramèr, Michel R Magistris
OBJECTIVE: To study whether the contraction evoked by muscle percussion stems from the excitation of the muscle or of the nerve and to discuss the changes of this response in neuromuscular disorders. METHODS: In 30 neurologically healthy patients undergoing surgery (for ear, nose, or throat problems unrelated to the study) under general anesthesia with propofol and sufentanil we measured with an electrogoniometer the maximal dorsiflexion of the ankle evoked by reflex hammer percussion of the tibialis anterior muscle before and under neuromuscular junction blockade with rocuronium bromide...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140334/carrier-envelope-offset-stabilization-of-a-ghz-repetition-rate-femtosecond-laser-using-opto-optical-modulation-of-a-sesam
#2
Sargis Hakobyan, Valentin J Wittwer, Kutan Gürel, Aline S Mayer, Stéphane Schilt, Thomas Südmeyer
We demonstrate, to the best of our knowledge, the first carrier-envelope offset (CEO) frequency stabilization of a GHz femtosecond laser based on opto-optical modulation (OOM) of a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). The 1.05-GHz laser is based on a Yb:CALGO gain crystal and emits sub-100-fs pulses with 2.1-W average power at a center wavelength of 1055 nm. The SESAM plays two key roles: it starts and stabilizes the mode-locking operation and is simultaneously used as an actuator to control the CEO frequency...
November 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138889/-hypothermia-induced-ecg-changes-characteristic-but-not-specific
#3
G Michels, S Ney, F Hoffmann, J Brugada, R Pfister, K Brockmeier, A Sultan
Hypothermia-induced J‑ or so-called Osborn waves can be detected under therapeutic hypothermia in approximately 20-40% of cases. The occurrence of J‑waves in the context of the targeted temperature management after cardiopulmonary resuscitation is characteristic, but not pathognomonic for hypothermia. An electrocardiographic diagnosis under hypothermia after cardiac arrest should always be done with caution due to the various hypothermia-associated electromechanical changes of the myocardium.
November 14, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136169/disparagement-of-health-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packages-and-cessation-attempts-results-from-four-countries
#4
Amira Osman, James F Thrasher, Hua-Hie Yong, Edna Arillo-Santillán, David Hammond
Health warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packs that use strong fear appeals may evoke defensive responses including acts of disparaging the warnings. Whether warning disparagement undermines HWL effectiveness remains unclear. We assessed correlates of one type of HWL disparagement and its association with subsequent cessation attempts. Longitudinal data (2012-14) on adult smokers from Australia, Canada, Mexico and the United States (US) were analyzed. HWL disparagement was assessed as the frequency of making fun of HWLs in the past month...
November 10, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135029/quantum-crystallography-a-perspective
#5
Lou Massa, Chérif F Matta
Extraction of the complete quantum mechanics from X-ray scattering data is the ultimate goal of quantum crystallography. This article delivers a perspective for that possibility. It is desirable to have a method for the conversion of X-ray diffraction data into an electron density that reflects the antisymmetry of an N-electron wave function. A formalism for this was developed early on for the determination of a constrained idempotent one-body density matrix. The formalism ensures pure-state N-representability in the single determinant sense...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127301/femtosecond-time-resolved-observation-of-butterfly-vibration-in-electronically-excited-o-fluorophenol
#6
Fengzi Ling, Shuai Li, Xinli Song, Yanmei Wang, Jinyou Long, Bing Zhang
The butterfly vibration during the hydrogen tunneling process in electronically excited o-fluorophenol has been visualized in real time by femtosecond time-resolved ion yield spectroscopy coupled with time-resolved photoelectron imaging technique. A coherent superposition of out-of-plane C-F butterfly motions is prepared in the first excited electronic state (S1). As the C-F bond vibrates with respect to the aromatic ring, the nuclear geometry varies periodically, leading to the corresponding variation in the photoionization channel...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123094/human-sperm-steer-with-second-harmonics-of-the-flagellar-beat
#7
Guglielmo Saggiorato, Luis Alvarez, Jan F Jikeli, U Benjamin Kaupp, Gerhard Gompper, Jens Elgeti
Sperm are propelled by bending waves traveling along their flagellum. For steering in gradients of sensory cues, sperm adjust the flagellar waveform. Symmetric and asymmetric waveforms result in straight and curved swimming paths, respectively. Two mechanisms causing spatially asymmetric waveforms have been proposed: an average flagellar curvature and buckling. We image flagella of human sperm tethered with the head to a surface. The waveform is characterized by a fundamental beat frequency and its second harmonic...
November 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121278/frontal-alpha-delta-eeg-does-not-preclude-volitional-response-during-anaesthesia-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-isolated-forearm-technique
#8
A L Gaskell, D F Hight, J Winders, G Tran, A Defresne, V Bonhomme, A Raz, J W Sleigh, R D Sanders
Background: The isolated forearm test (IFT) is the gold standard test of connected consciousness (awareness of the environment) during anaesthesia. The frontal alpha-delta EEG pattern (seen in slow wave sleep) is widely held to indicate anaesthetic-induced unconsciousness. A priori we proposed that one responder with the frontal alpha-delta EEG pattern would falsify this concept. Methods: Frontal EEG was recorded in a subset of patients from three centres participating in an international multicentre study of IFT responsiveness following tracheal intubation...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120016/the-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-daily-clinical-practice
#9
Tardu Özkartal, Alexander Breitenstein, Ardan M Saguner, Devdas T Inderbitzin, Markus Wilhelm, Stefano Benussi, Francesco Maisano, Thomas F Lüscher, Frank Ruschitzka, Jan Steffel
INTRODUCTION: In Switzerland, the first implantation of a subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) took place in November 2012. Up until the end of 2016, a total of 111 S-ICDs have been implanted. The aim of this study was to summarise the experience of a tertiary centre in Switzerland and to discuss the results in the context of international registries. METHODS: All patients in whom an S-ICD was implanted between November 2012 and the end of December 2016 at the University Heart Centre Zurich were included in this study...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119058/next-generation-in-vivo-optical-imaging-with-short-wave-infrared-quantum-dots
#10
Oliver T Bruns, Thomas S Bischof, Daniel K Harris, Daniel Franke, Yanxiang Shi, Lars Riedemann, Alexander Bartelt, Frank B Jaworski, Jessica A Carr, Christopher J Rowlands, Mark W B Wilson, Ou Chen, He Wei, Gyu Weon Hwang, Daniel M Montana, Igor Coropceanu, Odin B Achorn, Jonas Kloepper, Joerg Heeren, Peter T C So, Dai Fukumura, Klavs F Jensen, Rakesh K Jain, Moungi G Bawendi
For in vivo imaging, the short-wavelength infrared region (SWIR; 1000-2000 nm) provides several advantages over the visible and near-infrared regions: general lack of autofluorescence, low light absorption by blood and tissue, and reduced scattering. However, the lack of versatile and functional SWIR emitters has prevented the general adoption of SWIR imaging by the biomedical research community. Here, we introduce a class of high-quality SWIR-emissive indium-arsenide-based quantum dots (QDs) that are readily modifiable for various functional imaging applications, and that exhibit narrow and size-tunable emission and a dramatically higher emission quantum yield than previously described SWIR probes...
2017: Nature biomedical engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118659/modelling-wave-induced-sea-ice-break-up-in-the-marginal-ice-zone
#11
F Montiel, V A Squire
A model of ice floe break-up under ocean wave forcing in the marginal ice zone (MIZ) is proposed to investigate how floe size distribution (FSD) evolves under repeated wave break-up events. A three-dimensional linear model of ocean wave scattering by a finite array of compliant circular ice floes is coupled to a flexural failure model, which breaks a floe into two floes provided the two-dimensional stress field satisfies a break-up criterion. A closed-feedback loop algorithm is devised, which (i) solves the wave-scattering problem for a given FSD under time-harmonic plane wave forcing, (ii) computes the stress field in all the floes, (iii) fractures the floes satisfying the break-up criterion, and (iv) generates an updated FSD, initializing the geometry for the next iteration of the loop...
October 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114049/high-temperature-charge-density-wave-correlations-in-la1-875ba0-125cuo4-without-spin-charge-locking
#12
H Miao, J Lorenzana, G Seibold, Y Y Peng, A Amorese, F Yakhou-Harris, K Kummer, N B Brookes, R M Konik, V Thampy, G D Gu, G Ghiringhelli, L Braicovich, M P M Dean
Although all superconducting cuprates display charge-ordering tendencies, their low-temperature properties are distinct, impeding efforts to understand the phenomena within a single conceptual framework. While some systems exhibit stripes of charge and spin, with a locked periodicity, others host charge density waves (CDWs) without any obviously related spin order. Here we use resonant inelastic X-ray scattering to follow the evolution of charge correlations in the canonical stripe-ordered cuprate La1.875Ba0...
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108739/status-of-vulnerable-cystoseira-populations-along-the-italian-infralittoral-fringe-and-relationships-with-environmental-and-anthropogenic-variables
#13
F P Mancuso, E M A Strain, E Piccioni, O De Clerck, G Sarà, L Airoldi
We analyzed the occurrence and status of infralittoral fringe populations of Cystoseira spp. (Fucales) at thirteen rocky sites around the Italian coastline, and explored the relationships with relevant environmental and anthropogenic variables. We found Cystoseira populations at 11 sites: most were scattered and comprised monospecific stands of C. compressa, and only 6 sites also supported sparse specimens of either C. amentacea var. stricta or C. brachycarpa. Coastal human population density, Chlorophyll a seawater concentrations, sea surface temperature, annual range of sea surface temperature and wave fetch explained most of the variation of the status of C...
November 3, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107203/the-impact-of-the-legalization-of-recreational-marijuana-on-college-students
#14
Jacob Jones, K Nicole Jones, Jenny Peil
In January of 2014 the Regulate Marijuana like Alcohol Act or, Amendment 64, went into effect in Colorado. Even though it was the first state to enact recreational legalization, attitudes towards marijuana use have been changing for decades. Prompted by medical marijuana legalization, studies have found mixed results in regards to the impact that legalization has on frequency of use and abuse. With college students having the highest rates of use in the United States (U.S.), whether legal or not, it was important to explore the impact that legalization has on this population...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106057/higher-arterial-stiffness-is-associated-with-lower-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-hypertension
#15
Henrique C S Muela, Valeria A Costa-Hong, Mônica S Yassuda, Natália C Moraes, Claudia M Memória, Michel F Machado, Edson Bor-Seng-Shu, Ricardo C Nogueira, Alfredo J Mansur, Ayrton R Massaro, Ricardo Nitrini, Thiago A Macedo, Luiz A Bortolotto
Cognitive impairment and elevated arterial stiffness have been described in patients with arterial hypertension, but their association has not been well studied. We evaluated the correlation of arterial stiffness and different cognitive domains in patients with hypertension compared with those with normotension. We evaluated 211 patients (69 with normotension and 142 with hypertension). Patients were age matched and distributed according to their blood pressure: normotension, hypertension stage 1, and hypertension stage 2...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104419/verification-of-long-wavelength-electromagnetic-modes-with-a-gyrokinetic-fluid-hybrid-model-in-the-xgc-code
#16
Robert Hager, Jianying Lang, C S Chang, S Ku, Y Chen, S E Parker, M F Adams
As an alternative option to kinetic electrons, the gyrokinetic total-f particle-in-cell (PIC) code XGC1 has been extended to the MHD/fluid type electromagnetic regime by combining gyrokinetic PIC ions with massless drift-fluid electrons analogous to Chen and Parker [Phys. Plasmas 8, 441 (2001)]. Two representative long wavelength modes, shear Alfvén waves and resistive tearing modes, are verified in cylindrical and toroidal magnetic field geometries.
May 2017: Physics of Plasmas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103357/noninvasive-liver-assessment-in-adult-patients-with-fontan-circulation-using-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-elastography-and-hepatic-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
F Buendía-Fuentes, J L Melero-Ferrer, D Plaza-López, J Rueda-Soriano, A Osa-Saez, J Aguero, P Calvillo-Batllés, C Fonfria-Esparcia, A Ballesta-Cuñat, L Martí-Bonmatí, L Martínez-Dolz
BACKGROUND: Patients who have undergone the Fontan procedure are at risk of developing hepatic dysfunction. However, broad recommendations regarding liver monitoring are limited. The purpose of this study was to characterize the frequency of liver disease in adult Fontan patients using multimodality imaging (hepatic magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], acoustic radiation force impulse [ARFI] elastography, or hepatic ultrasound). METHODS: In a prospective cross-sectional analysis of adult patients palliated with a Fontan procedure, hepatic MRI, ARFI, and hepatic ultrasound were used to assess for liver disease...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102364/immediate-and-1-year-follow-up-with-the-novel-nanosurface-modified-cobra-pzf-stent
#18
Luc Maillard, Alain Tavildari, Nicolas Barra, Jacques Billé, Patrick Joly, Patrick Peycher, Marc Silvestri, François Vochelet
BACKGROUND: The COBRA PzF coronary stent, which has a unique nano-coating of Polyzene-F, was developed to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis. AIMS: To report procedural and 1-year clinical outcomes following COBRA PzF coronary stent implantation in a real-world percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry. METHODS: All patients assigned to treatment with the COBRA PzF in the GCS Axium Rambot Center, Aix-en-Provence, France between February 2013 to June 2014 were prospectively enrolled...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100143/peculiarities-of-energy-trapping-of-the-uhf-elastic-waves-in-diamond-based-piezoelectric-layered-structure-i-waveguide-criterion
#19
G M Kvashnin, B P Sorokin, A S Novoselov
Finite Element Modeling of the peculiarities of the trapping energy phenomenon in application to the piezoelectric layered structure (PLS) "Al/(0 0 1) AlN/Mo/(1 0 0) diamond" has been fulfilled. The resonant properties of longitudinal bulk acoustic waves (BAW) as well as frequency dependence of impedance within the 1 - 6 GHz band have been studied. The investigation of distribution of elastic energy flow and elastic displacements in a PLS cross-section allowed us to obtain an important information on energy trapping (ET) in PLS...
October 25, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099225/gw170817-observation-of-gravitational-waves-from-a-binary-neutron-star-inspiral
#20
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S V Angelova, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, D V Atallah, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, C Austin, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, M Bailes, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, K Barkett, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, S D Barthelmy, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, M Bawaj, J C Bayley, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, S Bernuzzi, J J Bero, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, E Bonilla, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, K Bossie, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, G Carullo, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, P Cerdá-Durán, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chase, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, K Chatziioannou, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, H Chia, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, A K W Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, C E Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, J A Clark, P Clearwater, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, D Cohen, A Colla, C G Collette, L R Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, P Corban, T R Corbitt, I Cordero-Carrión, K R Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, G Dálya, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, S De, D DeBra, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, N Demos, T Denker, T Dent, R De Pietri, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, C De Rossi, R DeSalvo, O de Varona, J Devenson, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, T Dietrich, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, C Dreissigacker, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, R Dudi, P Dupej, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, D Estevez, Z B Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, C Fee, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, M M Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, D Finstad, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, M Fishbach, R P Fisher, M Fitz-Axen, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, J A Font, P W F Forsyth, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, C Garcia-Quiros, F Garufi, B Gateley, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, B Goncharov, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, E M Gretarsson, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, O Halim, B R Hall, E D Hall, E Z Hamilton, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, M D Hannam, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, T Hinderer, W C G Ho, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, A Hreibi, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, N K Johnson-McDaniel, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, B Kamai, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S J Kapadia, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, W Kastaun, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, K Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, M Kinley-Hanlon, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, T D Knowles, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, S L Larson, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, E Leon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, S D Linker, T B Littenberg, J Liu, X Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, R Macas, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, A Markowitz, E Maros, A Marquina, P Marsh, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, R M Martin, D V Martynov, J N Marx, K Mason, E Massera, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, L McNeill, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, M Mehmet, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, M C Milovich-Goff, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, D Moffa, A Moggi, K Mogushi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, I Molina, M Montani, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S Morisaki, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M 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On August 17, 2017 at 12∶41:04 UTC the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors made their first observation of a binary neutron star inspiral. The signal, GW170817, was detected with a combined signal-to-noise ratio of 32.4 and a false-alarm-rate estimate of less than one per 8.0×10^{4}  years. We infer the component masses of the binary to be between 0.86 and 2.26  M_{⊙}, in agreement with masses of known neutron stars. Restricting the component spins to the range inferred in binary neutron stars, we find the component masses to be in the range 1...
October 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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