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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811104/a-double-determination-of-central-motor-conduction-time-in-the-assessment-of-hirayama-disease
#1
Chaojun Zheng, Dongqing Zhu, Feizhou Lu, Yu Zhu, Xiaosheng Ma, Xinlei Xia, Jianyuan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate central motor conduction time (CMCT) in patients with Hirayama disease (HD) and to analyse the role of motor nerve root lesions in the pathogenesis of HD. METHODS: CMCT measured by F-wave (CMCT-F) and by paravertebral magnetic stimulation (CMCT-M) was performed on both abductor pollicis brevis (APB) and abductor digiti minimi (ADM) in 41 HD patients and 22 controls. All patients underwent neck-flexion magnetic resonance imaging evaluation...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811064/evaluation-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-using-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-elastography-in-rat-models
#2
Yanrong Guo, Changfeng Dong, Haoming Lin, Xinyu Zhang, Huiying Wen, Yuanyuan Shen, Tianfu Wang, Siping Chen, Yingxia Liu, Xin Chen
The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography for assessing hepatic fibrosis stage and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity, as well as the relationship among hepatic histologic changes using shear wave velocity (SWV). Animal models with various degrees of NAFLD were established in 110 rats. The right liver lobe was processed and embedded in a fabricated gelatin solution (porcine skin). Liver mechanics were measured using SWV induced by acoustic radiation force...
August 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810785/explicitly-correlated-n-electron-valence-state-perturbation-theory-nevpt2-f12
#3
Yang Guo, Kantharuban Sivalingam, Edward F Valeev, Frank Neese
In this work, explicitly correlated second order N-electron valence state perturbation theory (NEVPT2-F12) has been derived and implemented for the first time. The NEVPT2-F12 algorithm presented here is based on a fully internally contracted wave function and includes the correction of semi-internal excitation subspaces. The algorithm exploits the resolution of identity (RI) approximation to improve the computational efficiency. The overall O(N(5)) scaling of the computational effort is documented. In Sec. III, the dissociation processes of diatomic molecules and the singlet-triplet gap of several systems are studied...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809573/intrinsic-plasmon-phonon-interactions-in-highly-doped-graphene-a-near-field-imaging-study
#4
Francisco J Bezares, Adolfo De Sanctis, Jose R M Saavedra, Achim Woessner, Pablo Alonso-González, Iban Amenabar, Jianing Chen, Thomas Bointon, Siyuan Dai, Michael M Fogler, D N Basov, Rainer Hillenbrand, Monica Felicia Craciun, F Javier Garcia de Abajo, Saverio Russo, Frank H L Koppens
As a two-dimensional semi-metal, graphene offers clear advantages for plasmonic applications over conventional metals, such as stronger optical field confinement, in situ tunability and relatively low intrinsic losses. However, the operational frequencies at which plasmons can be excited in graphene are limited by the Fermi energy EF, which in practice can be controlled electrostatically only up to a few tenths of an electronvolt. Higher Fermi energies open the door to novel plasmonic devices with unprecedented capabilities, particularly at mid-infrared and shorter-wave infrared frequencies...
August 15, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808936/-envenomation-by-micrurus-psyches-in-french-guiana
#5
X Heckmann, C Marty, F Starace, J-D Louembé, S Larréché
We report here the first known envenomation by Micrurus psyches, the so-called Carib coral snake, which occurred on April 2016 in the surroundings of Saint- Laurent-du-Maroni, Western French Guiana. Besides local neurological symptoms, it featured unexpected electrocardiogram changes, which were emergence of a first-degree atrioventricular block and biphasic T waves, both transient. NewWorld elapid venoms were not known for being cardiotoxic so far. The possible reasons of this cardiac injury are discussed.
August 14, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803927/clinical-implications-of-the-limited-relationship-of-voltage-criteria-for-electrocardiogram-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-to-cardiovascular-mortality
#6
Le Dung Ha, Ayman Elbadawi, Victor F Froelicher
BACKGROUND: Numerous methods have been proposed for diagnosing left ventricular hypertrophy using the electrocardiogram. They have limited sensitivity for recognizing pathological hypertrophy at least in part due to their inability to distinguish pathological from physiological hypertrophy. Our objective is to compare the major electrocardiogram - left ventricular hypertrophy criteria using cardiovascular mortality as a surrogate for pathological hypertrophy. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 16,253 Veterans less than 56 years of age seen at a large Veteran's Affairs Medical Center from 1987 to 1999 and followed a median of 17...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798966/can-exotic-disordered-stealthy-particle-configurations-tolerate-arbitrarily-large-holes
#7
G Zhang, F H Stillinger, S Torquato
The probability of finding a spherical cavity or "hole" of arbitrarily large size in typical disordered many-particle systems in the infinite-system-size limit (e.g., equilibrium liquid states) is non-zero. Such "hole" statistics are intimately linked to the thermodynamic and nonequilibrium physical properties of the system. Disordered "stealthy" many-particle configurations in d-dimensional Euclidean space [Doublestruck R](d) are exotic amorphous states of matter that lie between a liquid and crystal that prohibit single-scattering events for a range of wave vectors and possess no Bragg peaks [Torquato et al...
August 11, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796605/pulse-inversion-subharmonic-ultrafast-active-cavitation-imaging-in-tissue-using-fast-eigenspace-based-adaptive-beamforming-and-cavitation-deconvolution
#8
Chen Bai, Shanshan Xu, Junbo Duan, Bowen Jing, Miao Yang, Mingxi Wan
Pulse-inversion subharmonic (PISH) imaging can display information relating to pure cavitation bubbles while excluding that of tissue. Although plane-wave-based ultrafast active cavitation imaging (UACI) can monitor the transient activities of cavitation bubbles, its resolution and cavitation-to-tissue ratio (CTR) are barely satisfactory but can be significantly improved by introducing eigenspace-based (ESB) adaptive beamforming. PISH and UACI are a natural combination for imaging of pure cavitation activity in tissue; however, it raises two problems: 1) the ESB beamforming is hard to implement in real time due to the enormous amount of computation associated with the covariance matrix inversion and eigendecomposition and 2) the narrowband characteristic of the subharmonic filter will incur a drastic degradation in resolution...
August 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796519/coarse-grained-modelling-of-antibodies-from-small-angle-scattering-profiles
#9
Daniel Corbett, Max Hebditch, Rose Keeling, Peng Ke, Sofia Ekizoglou, Prasad Srinivasan Sarangapani, Jai A Pathak, Christopher F van der Walle, Shahid Uddin, Clair Baldock, Carlos Avendano, Robin A Curtis
Predicting the concentrated solution behaviour for monoclonal antibodies requires developing and using minimal models to describe their shape and interaction potential. Towards this end, the small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) profiles for a monoclonal antibody (COE-03) have been measured under solution conditions chosen to produce weak self-association. The experiments are complemented with molecular simulations of a three-bead antibody model with and without inter-bead attraction. The scattering profile is extracted directly from the molecular simulation to avoid using the decoupling approximation...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794635/electrophysiological-findings-of-turkish-patients-with-restless-legs-syndrome
#10
Ahmet Özsimsek, Hasan Rifat Koyuncuoglu
We aimed to investigate changes in electrophysiological findings in Turkish patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS), including F-wave latency (FWL), peripheral silent period (PSP), and Hoffmann reflex. The study took place in a university hospital in Turkey and involved 30 newly diagnosed RLS patients and 30 healthy controls who were matched for age and gender. Participant's demographics (age, gender, weight, and height), laboratory findings, and electrophysiological test outcomes were gathered and analyzed...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794112/fifteen-genetic-loci-associated-with-the-electrocardiographic-p-wave
#11
Ingrid E Christophersen, Jared W Magnani, Xiaoyan Yin, John Barnard, Lu-Chen Weng, Dan E Arking, Maartje N Niemeijer, Steven A Lubitz, Christy L Avery, Qing Duan, Stephan B Felix, Joshua C Bis, Kathleen F Kerr, Aaron Isaacs, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Christian Müller, Kari E North, Alex P Reiner, Lesley F Tinker, Jan A Kors, Alexander Teumer, Astrid Petersmann, Moritz F Sinner, Petra Buzkova, Jonathan D Smith, David R Van Wagoner, Uwe Völker, Melanie Waldenberger, Annette Peters, Thomas Meitinger, Marian C Limacher, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Bruce M Psaty, Albert Hofman, Andre Uitterlinden, Bouwe P Krijthe, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Renate B Schnabel, Stefan Kääb, Cornelia van Duijn, Jerome I Rotter, Nona Sotoodehnia, Marcus Dörr, Yun Li, Mina K Chung, Elsayed Z Soliman, Alvaro Alonso, Eric A Whitsel, Bruno H Stricker, Emelia J Benjamin, Susan R Heckbert, Patrick T Ellinor
BACKGROUND: The P wave on an ECG is a measure of atrial electric function, and its characteristics may serve as predictors for atrial arrhythmias. Increased mean P-wave duration and P-wave terminal force traditionally have been used as markers for left atrial enlargement, and both have been associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation. Here, we explore the genetic basis of P-wave morphology through meta-analysis of genome-wide association study results for P-wave duration and P-wave terminal force from 12 cohort studies...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793051/resistance-training-attenuates-salt-overload-induced-cardiac-remodeling-and-diastolic-dysfunction-in-normotensive-rats
#12
D L M Barretti, S F S Melo, E M Oliveira, V G Barauna
Elevated salt intake induces changes in the extracellular matrix collagen, leading to myocardial stiffness and impaired relaxation. Resistance training (RT) has been used as a remarkably successful strategy in the treatment of heart disease. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of RT on preventing pathological adaptation of the left ventricle (LV) induced by salt overload. Male Wistar rats (10 weeks old) were distributed into four groups (n=8/group): control (CO), control+1% salt (CO+SALT), RT and RT+1% salt (RT+SALT)...
August 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783036/wave-vector-dependent-damping-of-thz-collective-modes-in-a-liquid-metal
#13
F Demmel
Well-defined damped collective modes have been observed in liquid metals over a wide range of wave vectors. Hydrodynamics predicts that viscosity and thermal conductivity are the cause for the damping of the collective modes. Here we present experimental data from neutron spectroscopy on the damping of collective modes of liquid rubidium over a wide range of wave vectors. We propose a phenomenological model derived from generalized hydrodynamics to describe the damping of the modes and the evolution with increasing wave vector based on the viscoelastic picture of liquid response...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782949/on-the-density-functional-theory-treatment-of-lanthanide-coordination-compounds-a-comparative-study-in-a-series-of-cu-ln-ln-gd-tb-lu-binuclear-complexes
#14
Marilena Ferbinteanu, Alessandro Stroppa, Marco Scarrozza, Ionel Humelnicu, Dan Maftei, Bogdan Frecus, Fanica Cimpoesu
The nontrivial aspects of electron structure in lanthanide complexes, considering ligand field (LF) and exchange coupling effects, have been investigated by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, taking as a prototypic case study a series of binuclear complexes [LCu(O2COMe)Ln(thd)2], where L(2-) = N,N'-2,2-dimethyl-propylene-di(3-methoxy-salicylidene-iminato) and Ln = Tb, Lu, and Gd. Particular attention has been devoted to the Cu-Tb complex, which shows a quasi-degenerate nonrelativistic ground state...
August 7, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772468/obtaining-cross-sections-of-paint-layers-in-cultural-artifacts-using-femtosecond-pulsed-lasers
#15
Takaaki Harada, Stephanie Spence, Athanasios Margiolakis, Skylar Deckoff-Jones, Rebecca Ploeger, Aaron N Shugar, James F Hamm, Keshav M Dani, Anya R Dani
Recently, ultrafast lasers exhibiting high peak powers and extremely short pulse durations have created a new paradigm in materials processing. The precision and minimal thermal damage provided by ultrafast lasers in the machining of metals and dielectrics also suggests a novel application in obtaining precise cross-sections of fragile, combustible paint layers in artwork and cultural heritage property. Cross-sections of paint and other decorative layers on artwork provide critical information into its history and authenticity...
January 26, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769817/suicidal-ideation-is-associated-with-altered-variability-of-fingertip-photo-plethysmogram-signal-in-depressed-patients
#16
Ahsan H Khandoker, Veena Luthra, Yousef Abouallaban, Simanto Saha, Khawza I U Ahmed, Raqibul Mostafa, Nayeefa Chowdhury, Herbert F Jelinek
Physiological and psychological underpinnings of suicidal behavior remain ill-defined and lessen timely diagnostic identification of this subgroup of patients. Arterial stiffness is associated with autonomic dysregulation and may be linked to major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between arterial stiffness by photo-plethysmogram (PPG) in MDD with and without suicidal ideation (SI) by applying multiscale tone entropy (T-E) variability analysis. Sixty-one 10-min PPG recordings were analyzed from 29 control, 16 MDD patients with (MDDSI+) and 16 patients without SI (MDDSI-)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769753/intraoperative-electrocochleographic-characteristics-of-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder-in-cochlear-implant-subjects
#17
William J Riggs, Joseph P Roche, Christopher K Giardina, Michael S Harris, Zachary J Bastian, Tatyana E Fontenot, Craig A Buchman, Kevin D Brown, Oliver F Adunka, Douglas C Fitzpatrick
Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) is characterized by an apparent discrepancy between measures of cochlear and neural function based on auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing. Clinical indicators of ANSD are a present cochlear microphonic (CM) with small or absent wave V. Many identified ANSD patients have speech impairment severe enough that cochlear implantation (CI) is indicated. To better understand the cochleae identified with ANSD that lead to a CI, we performed intraoperative round window electrocochleography (ECochG) to tone bursts in children (n = 167) and adults (n = 163)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769063/dynamics-of-levitated-objects-in-acoustic-vortex-fields
#18
Z Y Hong, J F Yin, W Zhai, N Yan, W L Wang, J Zhang, Bruce W Drinkwater
Acoustic levitation in gaseous media provides a tool to process solid and liquid materials without the presence of surfaces such as container walls and hence has been used widely in chemical analysis, high-temperature processing, drop dynamics and bioreactors. To date high-density objects can only be acoustically levitated in simple standing-wave fields. Here we demonstrate the ability of a small number of peripherally placed sources to generate acoustic vortex fields and stably levitate a wide range of liquid and solid objects...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764514/a-small-volume-pvtx-system-for-broadband-spectroscopic-calibration-of-downhole-optical-sensors
#19
Christopher Michael Jones, Michael T Pelletier, Robert Atkinson, Jing Shen, Jeff Moore, Jimmy Anders, David L Perkins, Michael L Myrick
An instrument is presented that is capable of measuring the optical spectrum (long-wave ultraviolet through short-wave mid-infrared) of fluids under a range of temperature and pressure conditions from ambient pressure up to 138 MPa (20 000 psi) and 422 K (300 °F) using ∼5 ml of fluid. Temperature, pressure, and density are measured in situ in real-time, and composition is varied by adding volatile and nonvolatile components. The stability and accuracy of the conditions are reported for pure ethane, and the effects of temperature and pressure on characteristic regions of the optical spectrum of ethane are illustrated after correction for temperature and pressure effects on the optical cell path length, as well as normalization to the measured density...
July 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764391/efficient-orientational-averaging-of-nonlinear-optical-signals-in-multi-chromophore-systems
#20
Maxim F Gelin, Raffaele Borrelli, Wolfgang Domcke
The simulation of nonlinear optical signals measured in isotropic media requires averaging over the orientations of the chromophores. Herein, we discuss the evaluation of orientationally averaged four-wave-mixing, six-wave-mixing, etc., signals in terms of contracted transition dipole moment operators, which were introduced earlier for the orientational averaging of linear absorption signals. We demonstrate that the contracted transition dipole moment operators substantially facilitate the orientational averaging of nonlinear signals in multi-chromophore systems...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
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