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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811029/use-of-diffusive-gradient-in-thin-films-for-in-situ-measurements-a-review-on-the-progress-in-chemical-fractionation-speciation-and-bioavailability-of-metals-in-waters
#1
REVIEW
Amauri Antonio Menegário, Lauren N Marques Yabuki, Karen S Luko, Paul N Williams, Daniel M Blackburn
Chemical fractionation, speciation analysis and bioavailability of metals and metalloids in waters have received increased attention in recent years. However, this interest is not matched by progress in improving species integrity during standard 'grab' sample collection, processing and storage. Time-averaged, low disturbance sampling, in situ, of trace element species, in particular, is a more reliable approach for environmental chemical surveillance and methods based on the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique stand out as one of the most widely used of the passive sampler classes, and hence will be the primary focus of this review...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800483/assessment-of-aod-variability-over-saudi-arabia-using-modis-deep-blue-products
#2
Mohsin Jamil Butt, Mazen Ebraheem Assiri, Md Arfan Ali
The aim of this study is to investigate the variability of aerosol over The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. For this analysis, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Deep Blue (DB) Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) product from Terra and Aqua satellites for the years 2000-2013 is used. The product is validated using AERONET data from ground stations, which are situated at Solar Village Riyadh and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Jeddah. The results show that both Terra and Aqua satellites exhibit a tendency to show the spatial variation of AOD with Aqua being better than Terra to represent the ground based AOD measurements over the study region...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776514/chiral-bis-mandelato-borate-salts-for-resolution-via-metathesis-crystallization
#3
Lawrence W Y Wong, Jack W H Kan, Herman H Y Sung, Ian D Williams
Spiroborate anions have potential for crystallization or resolution and chiral bis(mandelato)borate anions can be used for the efficient resolution of a diverse range of racemic cations via diastereomeric salt formation. The syntheses, X-ray crystal structures and solubilities of three chiral bis(mandelato)borate salts, namely poly[[aqua-μ3-bis[(R)-mandelato]borato-lithium(I)] monohydrate], [Li(C16H12BO6)(H2O)]n or Li[B(R-Man)2]·H2O, (1), ammonium bis[(R)-mandelato]borate, NH4(+)·C16H12BO6(-) or NH4[B(R-Man)2], (2), and tetra-n-butylammonium bis[(R)-mandelato]borate, C16H36N(+)·C16H12BO6(-) or NBu4[B(R-Man)2], (3), are reported...
August 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773215/shallow-v-shape-nanostructured-pit-arrays-in-germanium-using-aqua-regia-electroless-chemical-etching
#4
Ibtihel Chaabane, Debika Banerjee, Oualid Touayar, Sylvain G Cloutier
Due to its high refractive index, reflectance is often a problem when using Germanium for optoelectronic devices integration. In this work, we propose an effective and low-cost nano-texturing method for considerably reducing the reflectance of bulk Germanium. To do so, uniform V-shape pit arrays are produced by wet electroless chemical etching in a 3:1 volume ratio of highly-concentrated hydrochloridric and nitric acids or so-called aqua regia bath using immersion times ranging from 5 to 60 min. The resulting pit morphology, the crystalline structure of the surface and the changes in surface chemistry after nano-patterning are all investigated...
July 26, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771347/an-amine-functionalized-metal-organic-framework-as-an-effective-catalyst-for-conversion-of-co2-and-biginelli-reactions
#5
Ashish Verma, Dinesh De, Kapil Tomar, Parimal K Bharadwaj
A highly porous and thermally stable anionic Zn(II)-framework, {[(CH3)2NH2(+)]2[Zn3((μ3-O))(L)2(H2O)]·4DMF·2H2O}n (1), having exposed metal sites and pendant amine groups has been synthesized adopting the solvothermal technique. This anionic 3D framework showed two-fold interpenetration with 45.1% void volume. It has a 3,6-c binodal net with rare sit 3,6-conn topology. The metal bound aqua ligand could be easily removed along with the guest molecules in the lattice upon activation to afford the desolvated framework 1'...
August 3, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761187/response-to-acupuncture-treatment-in-horses-with-chronic-laminitis
#6
Babak Faramarzi, Dongbin Lee, Kevin May, Fanglong Dong
There is a need for evidence-based scientific research to address the question of the effectiveness of acupuncture in improving clinical signs of laminitis in horses. The objective of this study was to compare lameness levels before and after 2 acupuncture treatments in horses with chronic laminitis. Twelve adult horses with chronic laminitis received 2 acupuncture treatments 1 week apart. The points were treated using dry needling, hemo-acupuncture, and aqua-acupuncture. Lameness level was objectively evaluated using an inertial sensor-based lameness evaluation system (Lameness Locator), as well as routine examinations following American Association of Equine Practitioners scoring before the first and 1 week after the second acupuncture treatment...
August 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758386/active-sites-of-o2-evolving-chlorite-dismutases-probed-by-halides-hydroxides-and-new-iron-ligand-vibrational-correlations
#7
Zachary Geeraerts, Kenton R Rodgers, Jennifer DuBois, Gudrun S Lukat-Rodgers
O2-evolving chlorite dismutases (Clds) fall into two subfamilies, which efficiently convert ClO2(-) to O2 and Cl(-). The Cld from Dechloromonas aromatica (DaCld) represents the chlorite-decomposing homopentameric enzymes found in perchlorate and chlorate respiring bacteria. The Cld from the Gram-negative, human pathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae (KpCld) is representative of the second subfamily, comprising homodimeric enzymes having truncated N-termini. Here steric and nonbonding properties of the DaCld and KpCld active sites have been probed via kinetic, thermodynamic and spectroscopic behaviors of their fluorides, chlorides and hydroxides...
July 31, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739166/characterizing-activation-mechanisms-and-binding-preferences-of-ruthenium-metallo-prodrugs-by-a-competitive-binding-assay
#8
Christian Artner, Hannah U Holtkamp, Christian G Hartinger, Samuel M Meier-Menches
The activation mechanisms and reactivity of ruthenium metallo-prodrug lead structures were investigated in detail using capillary zone electrophoresis mass spectrometry (CZE-MS) in a time-dependent manner and by exposing to a protein/oligonucleotide mixture. The competitive assays were performed with sodium trans-[RuCl4(HInd)2] where Hind=indazole (NKP-1339), [(η(6)-p-cymene)RuCl2(pta)], where pta=1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (RAPTA-C) and [(η(6)-biphenyl)RuCl(1,2-ethylenediamine)]PF6 (RM175). Molecular and quantitative information on binding preferences was obtained by coupling CZE to electrospray ionization MS (ESI-MS) and inductively coupled plasma MS (ICP-MS), respectively...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737821/structure-and-reactivity-of-ru-ii-terpy-n-n-cl-cl-complexes-consequences-for-biological-applications
#9
Marta Chrzanowska, Anna Katafias, Olga Impert, Anna Kozakiewicz, Andrzej Surdykowski, Paulina Brzozowska, Alicja Franke, Achim Zahl, Ralph Puchta, Rudi van Eldik
The crystal structures of [Ru(II)(terpy)(bipy)Cl]Cl·2H2O and [Ru(II)(terpy)(en)Cl]Cl·3H2O, where terpy = 2,2':6',2''-terpyridine, bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine and en = ethylenediamine, were determined and compared to the structure of the complexes in solution obtained by multi-nuclear NMR spectroscopy in DMSOd-6 as a solvent. In aqueous solution, both chlorido complexes aquate fully to the corresponding aqua complexes, viz. [Ru(II)(terpy)(bipy)(H2O)](2+) and [Ru(II)(terpy)(en)(H2O)](2+), within ca. 2 h and ca. 2 min at 37 °C, respectively...
July 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729428/fluorine-18-labeled-carboplatin-derivative-for-pet-imaging-of-platinum-drug-distribution
#10
Narottam Lamichhane, Gajanan K Dewkar, Sundaresan Gobalakrishnan, Li Wang, Purnima Jose, Muhammad Otabashi, Jean-Luc Morelle, Nicholas Farrell, Jamal Zweit
Increasing evidence indicates that reduced intracellular drug accumulation is the parameter most consistently associated with platinum drug resistance, and emphasizes the need to directly measure intra-tumor drug concentration. In the era of precision medicine and with the advent of powerful imaging and proteomics technologies, there is an opportunity to better understand drug resistance, by exploiting these techniques to provide new knowledge on drug-target interactions. Here, we are contributing to this endeavor by reporting on the development of a fluorine-18 labeled carboplatin derivative ((18)F-FCP) that can be used to potentially image drug uptake and retention, including intra-tumoral distribution, by positron emission tomography (PET)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722815/influence-of-morphine-and-naloxone-on-pain-modulation-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-fibromyalgia-and-controls-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-cross-over-study
#11
Linda Hermans, Jo Nijs, Patrick Calders, Luc De Clerck, Greta Moorkens, Guy Hans, Sofie Grosemans, Tine Roman De Mettelinge, Joanna Tuynman, Mira Meeus
BACKGROUND: Impaired pain inhibitory and enhanced pain facilitatory mechanisms are repeatedly reported in patients with central sensitization pain. However, the exact effects of frequently prescribed opioids on central pain modulation are still unknown. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over trial was carried out. Ten CFS/FM patients, 11 RA patients and 20 controls were randomly allocated to the experimental (10 mg morphine or 0.2 mg/ml Naloxone) and placebo (2 ml Aqua) group...
July 19, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722405/effective-approach-to-promoting-the-proton-conductivity-of-metal-organic-frameworks-by-exposure-to-aqua-ammonia-vapor
#12
Xi Liang, Bin Li, Minghao Wang, Jing Wang, Ruilan Liu, Gang Li
We explored the proton conductivities of two 3D Co(II) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), {[Co3(m-ClPhIDC)2(H2O)6]·2H2O}n [1; m-ClPhH3IDC = 2-(m-chlorophenyl)imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid] and {[Co3(p-ClPhHIDC)3(H2O)3]·6H2O}n (2; p-ClPhH3IDC = 2-(p-chlorophenyl)imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid), under water and aqua-ammonia vapors, respectively. The experimental results revealed that the proton conductivities of 1 and 2 at aqua-ammonia vapor were 2.89 × 10(-2) and 4.25 × 10(-2) S/cm, respectively, and approximately 2 orders of magnitude greater than those at water vapor...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717852/elevated-s100a8-protein-expression-in-breast-cancer-cells-and-breast-tumor-stroma-is-prognostic-of-poor-disease-outcome
#13
P Miller, K M Kidwell, D Thomas, M Sabel, J M Rae, D F Hayes, B I Hudson, D El-Ashry, M E Lippman
PURPOSE: Elevated S100A8 expression has been observed in cancers of the bladder, esophagus, colon, ovary, and breast. S100A8 is expressed by breast cancer cells as well as by infiltrating immune and myeloid cells. Here we investigate the association of elevated S100A8 protein expression in breast cancer cells and in breast tumor stroma with survival outcomes in a cohort of breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tissue microarrays (TMA) were constructed from breast cancer specimens from 417 patients with stage I-III breast cancer treated at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center between 2004 and 2006...
July 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710960/bioremediation-potential-of-arsenic-by-non-enzymatically-biofabricated-silver-nanoparticles-adhered-to-the-mesoporous-carbonized-fungal-cell-surface-of-aspergillus-foetidus-mtcc8876
#14
Triparna Mukherjee, Shatarupa Chakraborty, Aksar Ali Biswas, Tapan Kumar Das
Our study aiming for the diminution of arsenic concentration in arsenic contaminated aqua environment by using novel adsorbents based on bio-fabricated silver nanoparticles on a fungal cell surface. Bioreduction of silver ion was done in a non-enzymatic manner in presence of the biomass of fungus Aspergillus foetidus MTCC8876. Aspergillus spp. cells were harvested following the bioreduction and made into carbon by carbonization that led to pore formation (pore width of 2.35 nm) on the cell surface. The average size of silver nanoparticles in the sample of SACF (silver nanoparticles adhered to mesoporous carbonized fungal cell) was 35 nm...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708708/atopy-in-elite-endurance-athletes
#15
Renata N Teixeira, Gerson Dos Santos Leite, Matteo Bonini, Renata Gorjão, Rosana C Agondi, Cristina M Kokron, Celso R F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of atopy (specific IgE levels), to evaluate the allergic symptoms using the Allergy Questionnaire for Athletes (AQUA), and to determine whether atopy is associated with allergic symptoms in elite endurance athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Assessments were performed at Hospital das Clinicas-São Paulo University Medical School. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine elite endurance athletes (triathletes and runners)...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695625/water-oxidation-by-in-situ-generated-ruii-oh2-ncnhco-pic-2
#16
Wei Su, Kui Zhou, Fanglin Cai, Cheng Chen, Bibimaryam Mousavi, Somboon Chaemchuen, Francis Verpoort
: A dinuclear ruthenium complex [RuII(NCNHCO)(pic)2]22+ (2) was firstly prepared and characterized spectroscopically and electrochemically. Instead of the conventional ligand exchange, complex 2 dissociates in-situ to afford two single-site Ru aqua complexes, [RuII(OH2)(NCNHCO)(pic)2]+, which mediates water oxidation through proton-coupled electron transfer events. In electrokinetic studies, complex 2 demonstrated a TOF of 150.3 s-1 comparable to those state-of-the-art catalysts at neutral conditions. TONs of 2173 and 217 were attained in chemical and photochemical water oxidation when 2 was used as a catalyst, exhibiting good stability...
July 11, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695374/impact-of-aromaticity-on-anticancer-activity-of-polypyridyl-ruthenium-ii-complexes-synthesis-structure-dna-protein-binding-lipophilicity-and-anticancer-activity
#17
Petar Čanović, Ana Rilak Simović, Snežana Radisavljević, Ioannis Bratsos, Nicola Demitri, Marina Mitrović, Ivanka Zelen, Živadin D Bugarčić
With the aim of assessing how the aromaticity of the inert chelating ligand can influence the activity of ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes, two new monofunctional ruthenium(II) complexes, [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(phen)Cl]Cl (1) and [Ru(Cl-Ph-tpy)(o-bqdi)Cl]Cl (2) (where Cl-Ph-tpy = 4'-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline, o-bqdi = o-benzoquinonediimine), were synthesized. All complexes were fully characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV-Vis, 1D and 2D NMR, XRD)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694760/genotoxic-and-cytotoxic-potential-of-whole-plant-extracts-of-kalanchoe-laciniata-by-ames-and-mtt-assay
#18
Ali Sharif, Muhammad Furqan Akhtar, Bushra Akhtar, Ammara Saleem, Maria Manan, Maryam Shabbir, Muneeb Ashraf, Sohaib Peerzada, Shoaib Ahmed, Moosa Raza
Lack of data on safety of herbal medicines have endangered human health and life. The present study evaluated the genotoxic and mutagenic effect of Kalanchoe laciniata to access the safety and usefulness of the medicinal plant. Aqua-methanolic and n-hexane extracts of K. laciniata were evaluated for the genotoxic potential using Ames assay and cytotoxicity was evaluated using MTT assay. Ames assay was conducted using two strains of Salmonella typhimurium TA-100 and TA-102 whereas MTT assay was performed on baby hamster kidney cell line BHK-21...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689405/quantitative-analysis-of-human-red-blood-cell-proteome
#19
Agata H Bryk, Jacek R Wiśniewski
Red blood cells (RBCs) are the most abundant cell type in the human body. RBCs and, in particular, their plasma membrane composition have been extensively studied for many years. During the past decade proteomics studies have extended our knowledge on RBC composition; however, these studies did not provide quantitative insights. Here we report a large-scale proteomics investigation of RBCs and their "white ghost" membrane fraction. Samples were processed using the multienzyme digestion filter-aided sample preparation (MED-FASP) and analyzed using Q-Exactive mass spectrometer...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683201/partial-molar-volumes-of-aqua-ions-from-first-principles
#20
Julia Wiktor, Fabien Bruneval, Alfredo Pasquarello
Partial molar volumes of ions in water solution are calculated through pressures obtained from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. The correct definition of pressure in charged systems subject to periodic boundary conditions requires access to the variation of the electrostatic potential upon a change of volume. We develop a scheme for calculating such a variation in liquid systems by setting up an interface between regions of different density. This also allows us to determine the absolute deformation potentials for the band edges of liquid water...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
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