keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital Acquired Pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691645/healthcare-associated-pneumonia-and-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-bacterial-aetiology-antibiotic-resistance-and-treatment-outcomes-a-study-from-north-india
#1
Sandeep Kumar, Rafi Ahmed Jan, Bashir Ahmad Fomda, Roohi Rasool, Parvaiz Koul, Sonaullah Shah, Umar Hafiz Khan, Syed Mudasir Qadri, Shariq Rashid Masoodi, Suhail Mantoo, Mudasir Muzamil
BACKGROUND: Data regarding the comparative profiling of HCAP and HAP from developing countries like India are scant. We set out to address the microbial aetiology, antibiotic resistance and treatment outcomes in patients with HCAP and HAP. METHODS: 318 consenting patients with HCAP (n = 165, aged 16-90 years; median 60 years; 97 males) or HAP (n = 153; aged 16-85 years; median 45 years; 92 males) presenting to a tertiary care hospital in North India from 2013 to 2015 were prospectively recruited for the study...
April 25, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691103/the-risk-stratification-and-prognostic-prediction-value-of-procalcitonin-and-clinical-severity-scores-on-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-emergency-department-prediction-value-of-procalcitonin-and-severity-scores-for-cap
#2
Haijiang Zhou, Shubin Guo, Tianfei Lan, Shuai Ma, Fang Zhang, Zhiling Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common presentation to the emergency department (ED) and has high mortality rates. The aim of our study is to investigate the risk stratification and prognostic prediction value of precalcitonin (PCT) and clinical severity scores on patients with CAP in ED. METHODS: 226 consecutive adult patients with CAP admitted in ED of a tertiary teaching hospital were enrolled. Demographic information and clinical parameters including PCT levels were analyzed...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690685/-current-status-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-shanghai-revealed-by-a-questionnaire-analysis
#3
J Liu, J Zhang, Q J Cheng, J F Xu, Z J Jie, Y Jiao, Y Huang, J M Qu
Objective: To understand the current status of diagnosis and treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among doctors in various hospitals across Shanghai, for the purpose of promoting the 2016 clinical practice guidelines for adult CAP of China. Methods: A questionnaire was designed to address the common questions in CAP management. The responses were collected via WeChat and the data were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 254 valid questionnaires were received, 46.1% from tertiary , 26.4% from secondary and 27...
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690681/-antibiotic-use-and-anbiotic-stewardship-for-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#4
L X He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690680/-update-and-understanding-2018-chinese-guidelines-for-the-dignosis-and-treatment-of-adults-eith-hospital-acquired-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#5
J M Qu, Y Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685361/the-use-of-an-emergency-department-dysphagia-screen-is-associated-with-decreased-pneumonia-in-acute-strokes
#6
Jon W Schrock, Linda Lou, Benjamin A W Ball, J Van Etten
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a common problem for patients after an acute stroke which can lead to hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) increasing morbidity and mortality. The Joint Commission has directed that stroke certified hospitals perform a dysphagia screen at the time of initial presentation. We sought to evaluate if our ED dysphagia screen was correlated with lower rates of pneumonia in acute stroke patients. METHODS: We conducted a pre-post trial evaluating rates of pneumonia in patients with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke both before and after the use of our ED dysphagia screen...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680828/viral-pneumonia-etiologies-and-treatment
#7
Dima Dandachi, Maria C Rodriguez-Barradas
Viral pathogens are increasingly recognized as a cause of pneumonia, in immunocompetent patients and more commonly among immunocompromised. Viral pneumonia in adults could present as community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), ranging from mild disease to severe disease requiring hospital admission and mechanical ventilation. Moreover, the role of viruses in hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia as causative agents or as co-pathogens and the effect of virus detection on clinical outcome are being investigated...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678711/healthcare-associated-infections-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#8
Yasser B Abulhasan, Najayeb Alabdulraheem, Ian Schiller, Susan P Rachel, Nandini Dendukuri, Mark R Angle, Charles Frenette
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are prevalent; however, data describing epidemiology of infection is limited. This study reports incidence rates, risk factors and the resulting SAH patient-related outcomes. METHODS: We studied the incidence of ICU-acquired HAIs over a 6-year period. We used Bayesian Model Averaging to identify risk factors associated with an increased risk of HAIs, particularly urinary tract infections (UTI), pneumonia and ventriculostomy-associated infections (VAI)...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676360/detection-of-immunoglobulin-m-and-immunoglobulin-g-antibodies-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-children-with-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#9
Surinder Kumar, Indu Bala Garg, Gulshan Rai Sethi, Sanchit Kumar, Sanjeev R Saigal
Context: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) causes up to 40% of community-acquired pneumonia in children. It is impossible to identify M. pneumoniae infection on the basis of clinical signs, symptoms, and radiological features. Therefore, correct etiological diagnosis strongly depends on laboratory diagnosis. Aims: This study aims to investigate the role of M. pneumonia e in pediatric lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) employing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and particle agglutination (PA) test...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672375/a-retrospective-study-of-non-ventilator-associated-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-incidence-and-missed-opportunities-for-nursing-care
#10
Mary Tesoro, Diane J Peyser, Farley Villarente
OBJECTIVE: To determine non-ventilator-associated hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) incidence, assess negative impacts on patient outcomes and cost, and identify missed preventive nursing care opportunities. BACKGROUND: NV-HAP is inadequately studied and underreported. Missed nursing care opportunities, particularly oral care, may aid NV-HAP prevention. METHODS: This descriptive, observational, retrospective chart review identified adult NV-HAP cases and associated demographic and hospital care data...
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671219/ceftazidime-avibactam-a-review-in-the-treatment-of-serious-gram-negative-bacterial-infections
#11
Matt Shirley
Ceftazidime-avibactam (Zavicefta® ) is an intravenously administered combination of the third-generation cephalosporin ceftazidime and the novel, non-β-lactam β-lactamase inhibitor avibactam. In the EU, ceftazidime-avibactam is approved for the treatment of adults with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs) [including pyelonephritis], complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs), hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) [including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)], and other infections caused by aerobic Gram-negative organisms in patients with limited treatment options...
April 18, 2018: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670781/-candida-krusei-empyema-thoracis-a-community-acquired-infection-requiring-a-high-index-of-suspicion
#12
Hazim Bukamur, Waseem Ahmed, Yazan Numan, Ibrahim Shahoub, Fuad Zeid
Empyema thoracis is a serious condition characterized by the accumulation of purulent fluid in the pleural cavity, typically following a pneumonia, subdiaphragmatic abscess, or esophageal rupture. Fungal empyema thoracis is a rare form of this condition with especially high mortality, in which the most frequently isolated fungus is Candida spp. This article presents a 74-year-old female with Candida krusei pneumonia and a complicated hospital course, initially presenting with nausea, vomiting, and dysphagia...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670404/evaluation-of-vancomycin-therapy-in-the-adult-icus-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-southern-iran
#13
Afsaneh Vazin, Motahare Mahi Birjand, Masoud Darake
Background: Vancomycin resistance in intensive care units (ICUs) accounts for significant morbidity and excess costs. The objective of the present study was to determine the appropriateness of vancomycin use in the various ICUs of Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. Methods: This prospective study was performed on 95 critically ill patients (48 males and 47 females) who were treated with vancomycin for at least 3 subsequent doses in 6 ICUs during 12 months. Required demographic, clinical, and paraclinical data were collected by a pharmacist...
2018: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668816/compliance-with-the-vaccination-schedule-in-children-hospitalized-with-pneumonia-and-associated-factors
#14
Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima, Maria de Fátima Costa Caminha, Andresa Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Edil de Albuquerque Rodrigues Filho, Carmina Silva Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To verify the adequacy and factors associated with compliance with the immunization schedule (BCG, DTP-Hib, MMR, PCV-10) in children hospitalized with pneumonia at a pediatric referral hospital in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study with an analytical component, with a sample of 452 children hospitalized with pneumonia at the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira, between 2010 and 2013. The inclusion criterion was children aged from one month to less than five years of age with proof in the immunization record...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665161/poverty-as-an-independent-risk-factor-for-in-hospital-mortality-in-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-study-in-a-developing-country-population
#15
Hassan Jahanihashemi, Mona Babaie, Soroush Bijani, Maryam Bazzazan, Behzad Bijani
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most severe lower respiratory tract infections with a high in-hospital mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and medical risk factors affecting the prognosis of acute pneumonia. The results of this study can mention the value of socioeconomic backgrounds like poverty and illiteracy in clinical practice, even in a well-known biological phenomenon (eg acute pneumonia). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all admitted patients to a tertiary teaching hospital with a diagnosis of community acquired pneumonia in a 12-month period were enrolled...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664370/antimicrobial-resistance-in-invasive-bacterial-infections-in-hospitalized-children-cambodia-2007-2016
#16
Andrew Fox-Lewis, Junko Takata, Thyl Miliya, Yoel Lubell, Sona Soeng, Poda Sar, Kolthida Rith, Gregor McKellar, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Erin McGonagle, Nicole Stoesser, Catrin E Moore, Christopher M Parry, Claudia Turner, Nicholas P J Day, Ben S Cooper, Paul Turner
To determine trends, mortality rates, and costs of antimicrobial resistance in invasive bacterial infections in hospitalized children, we analyzed data from Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia, for 2007-2016. A total of 39,050 cultures yielded 1,341 target pathogens. Resistance rates were high; 82% each of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates were multidrug resistant. Hospital-acquired isolates were more often resistant than community-acquired isolates; resistance trends over time were heterogeneous...
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661135/the-relative-burden-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-hospitalizations-in-older-adults-a-retrospective-observational-study-in-the-united-states
#17
Joshua D Brown, James Harnett, Richard Chambers, Reiko Sato
BACKGROUND: The risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) increases with age and significantly impacts morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. The burden of illness and cost of preventing CAP has not been compared to other serious diseases. METHODS: This retrospective analysis used claims data from 2014 to 2015 and compared hospitalizations for CAP, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and osteoporotic fractures (OF) in adults aged ≥65 years enrolled in a Medicare Advantage insurance plan...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659759/community-acquired-legionella-pneumonia-in-hiv-infected-adult-patients-a-matched-case-control-study
#18
Catia Cillóniz, Lucia Miguel-Escuder, María Luisa Pedro-Bonet, Vicenç Falcó, Yessica Lopez, Carolina García-Vidal, Albert Gabarrús, Asunción Moreno, Antoni Torres, José M Miró
We investigated whether the clinical presentations and outcomes (length of hospital stay [LOS], intensive care unit[ICU] admission, 30-day mortality) of Legionella pneumonia in HIV-infected patients were comparable to those without HIV infection.Clinical presentation and outcomes in HIV-infected patients with Legionella pneumonia did not differ from patients without HIV infection.
April 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656842/incidence-of-all-cause-adult-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-primary-care-settings-in-france
#19
H Partouche, A Lepoutre, C Buffel du Vaure, T Poisson, L Toubiana, S Gilberg
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of all-cause outpatient community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults in France from a national prospective observational study of CAP management in general practice (CAPA). METHODS: Patients aged over 18 years presenting with signs or symptoms indicative of CAP associated with recent onset of unilateral crackles on auscultation and/or a new opacity on chest X-ray were included in the CAPA study. An ancillary survey (AIMSIS) aiming at identifying family physicians' difficulties in including patients and at collecting their opinion on the use of an electronic case report form, determined the number of non-included eligible patients...
April 12, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643153/incidence-rate-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-population-based-prospective-active-surveillance-study-in-three-cities-in-south-america
#20
Gustavo Daniel Lopardo, Diego Fridman, Enrique Raimondo, Henry Albornoz, Ana Lopardo, Homero Bagnulo, Daniel Goleniuk, Manuelita Sanabria, Daniel Stamboulian
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence rate and mortality of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults in three cities in Latin America during a 3-year period. DESIGN: Prospective population-based surveillance study. SETTING: Healthcare facilities (outpatient centres and hospitals) in the cities of General Roca (Argentina), Rivera (Uruguay) and Concepción (Paraguay). PARTICIPANTS: 2302 adults aged 18 years and older with CAP were prospectively enrolled between January 2012 and March 2015...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
41394
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"