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Platelet Proteomics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034237/proteomics-of-eosinophil-activation
#1
REVIEW
Deane F Mosher, Emily M Wilkerson, Keren B Turton, Alexander S Hebert, Joshua J Coon
We recently identified and quantified >7,000 proteins in non-activated human peripheral blood eosinophils using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and described phosphoproteomic changes that accompany acute activation of eosinophils by interleukin-5 (IL5) (1). These data comprise a treasure trove of information about eosinophils. We illustrate the power of label-free LC-MS/MS quantification by considering four examples: complexity of eosinophil STATs, contribution of immunoproteasome subunits to eosinophil proteasomes, complement of integrin subunits, and contribution of platelet proteins originating from platelet-eosinophil complexes to the overall proteome...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887518/monitoring-storage-induced-changes-in-the-platelet-proteome-employing-label-free-quantitative-mass-spectrometry
#2
Maaike Rijkers, Bart L van den Eshof, Pieter F van der Meer, Floris P J van Alphen, Dirk de Korte, Frank W G Leebeek, Alexander B Meijer, Jan Voorberg, A J Gerard Jansen
Shelf life of platelet concentrates is limited to 5-7 days due to loss of platelet function during storage, commonly referred to as the platelet storage lesion (PSL). To get more insight into the development of the PSL, we used label free quantitative mass spectrometry to identify changes in the platelet proteome during storage. In total 2501 proteins were accurately quantified in 3 biological replicates on at least 1 of the 7 different time-points analyzed. Significant changes in levels of 21 proteins were observed over time...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821815/epac1-deficient-mice-have-bleeding-phenotype-and-thrombocytes-with-decreased-gpib%C3%AE-expression
#3
Gyrid Nygaard, Lars Herfindal, Kathrine S Asrud, Ronja Bjørnstad, Reidun K Kopperud, Eystein Oveland, Frode S Berven, Lene Myhren, Erling A Hoivik, Turid Helen Felli Lunde, Marit Bakke, Stein O Døskeland, Frode Selheim
Epac1 (Exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1) limits fluid loss from the circulation by tightening the endothelial barrier. We show here that Epac1(-/-) mice, but not Epac2(-/-) mice, have prolonged bleeding time, suggesting that Epac1 may limit fluid loss also by restraining bleeding. The Epac1(-/-) mice had deficient in vitro secondary hemostasis. Quantitative comprehensive proteomics analysis revealed that Epac1(-/-) mouse platelets (thrombocytes) had unbalanced expression of key components of the glycoprotein Ib-IX-V (GPIb-IX-V) complex, with decrease of GP1bβ and no change of GP1bα...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811546/serum-derived-extracellular-vesicles-evs-impact-on-vascular-remodeling-and-prevent-muscle-damage-in-acute-hind-limb-ischemia
#4
Claudia Cavallari, Andrea Ranghino, Marta Tapparo, Massimo Cedrino, Federico Figliolini, Cristina Grange, Valentina Giannachi, Paolo Garneri, Maria Chiara Deregibus, Federica Collino, Pietro Rispoli, Giovanni Camussi, Maria Felice Brizzi
Serum is an abundant and accessible source of circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs). Serum-EV (sEV) pro-angiogenic capability and mechanisms are herein analyzed using an in vitro assay which predicts sEV angiogenic potential in vivo. Effective sEVs (e-sEVs) also improved vascular remodeling and prevented muscle damage in a mouse model of acute hind limb ischemia. e-sEV angiogenic proteomic and transcriptomic analyses show a positive correlation with matrix-metalloproteinase activation and extracellular matrix organization, cytokine and chemokine signaling pathways, Insulin-like Growth Factor and platelet pathways, and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor signaling...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762014/beyond-cox-1-the-effects-of-aspirin-on-platelet-biology-and-potential-mechanisms-of-chemoprevention
#5
Argentina Ornelas, Niki Zacharias-Millward, David G Menter, Jennifer S Davis, Lenard Lichtenberger, David Hawke, Ernest Hawk, Eduardo Vilar, Pratip Bhattacharya, Steven Millward
After more than a century, aspirin remains one of the most commonly used drugs in western medicine. Although mainly used for its anti-thrombotic, anti-pyretic, and analgesic properties, a multitude of clinical studies have provided convincing evidence that regular, low-dose aspirin use dramatically lowers the risk of cancer. These observations coincide with recent studies showing a functional relationship between platelets and tumors, suggesting that aspirin's chemopreventive properties may result, in part, from direct modulation of platelet biology and biochemistry...
July 31, 2017: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714000/circulating-levels-of-angiogenesis-related-growth-factors-in-breast-cancer-a-study-to-profile-proteins-responsible-for-tubule-formation
#6
Gemma A Barron, Marie Goua, Klaus W J Wahle, Giovanna Bermano
The present study exploited a versatile in vitro endothelial cell/fibroblast co-culture cell system to investigate the association between angiogenesis and breast cancer by comparing the capacity of plasma from women with breast cancer and age-matched controls, to influence tubule formation and modulate angiogenesis in vitro, and to identify plasma circulating factors which might be responsible. Plasma from women with breast cancer (n=8) (added on day 7 after co-culture establishment) significantly increased tubule formation by 57% (P<0...
September 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712299/evaluation-of-efficacy-and-toxicity-of-exfoliated-silicate-nanoclays-as-a-feed-additive-for-fumonisin-detoxification
#7
Chiao-Wei Yuan, Jie-Ting Huang, Ching-Chin Chen, Pin-Chi Tang, Jenn-Wen Huang, Jiang-Jen Lin, San-Yuan Huang, Shuen-Ei Chen
The efficacy of nanosilicate clay platelets (NSCP), exfoliated silicates from natural montmorillonites, as a feed additive for ameliorating fumonisin B1 (FB1) toxicosis was evaluated. Toxicological mechanisms by NSCP were examined through proteomic and biochemical analyses. Dietary supplementation with NSCP at a low level of 40 mg/kg of feed improved growth performances in chickens with respect to FB1 toxicosis. Other issues of ameliorated symptoms including serum and/or hepatic aspartate aminotransferase activity, oxidative stress indicators, and sphinganine/sphingosine ratio, a hallmark of FB1 toxicosis, were considered...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649187/distinct-proteome-pathology-of-circulating-microparticles-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#8
Ole Østergaard, Christoffer Tandrup Nielsen, Julia T Tanassi, Line V Iversen, Søren Jacobsen, Niels H H Heegaard
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is poorly understood but has been linked to defective clearance of subcellular particulate material from the circulation. This study investigates the origin, formation, and specificity of circulating microparticles (MPs) in patients with SLE based on comprehensive MP proteome profiling using patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and healthy donors (HC) as controls. METHODS: We purified MPs from platelet-poor plasma using differential centrifugation of samples from SLE (n = 45), SSc (n = 38), and two sets of HC (n = 35, n = 25)...
2017: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643538/do-methodological-differences-account-for-the-current-controversy-on-tissue-factor-expression-in-platelets
#9
Marta Brambilla, Laura Rossetti, Chiara Zara, Paola Canzano, Peter L A Giesen, Elena Tremoli, Marina Camera
Tissue factor (TF), the key activator of the blood coagulation cascade and of thrombus formation, is also expressed by circulating human platelets. Despite the documented in-depth characterization of platelet TF carried out in the past 15 years, some authors still fail to identify TF in platelets, especially when assessment in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or washed platelets is carried out. This study aims to extend the characterization of the subset of TF-positive platelets in PRP from healthy subjects and to verify how different centrifugation forces, used to prepare the PRP, could affect the analysis of TF-positive platelets...
June 23, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592188/polymer-coated-cardiopulmonary-bypass-circuit-attenuates-upregulation-of-both-proteases-protease-inhibitors-and-platelet-degranulation-in-pigs
#10
Shoichi Suehiro, Kouji Shimizu, Kensuke Imai, Atsushi Niii, Kazuhiro Akeho, Hayato Nakata, Akane Yamaguchi, Ken-Ichi Matsumoto, Teiji Oda
INTRODUCTION: Interaction of blood with a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) circuit activates the coagulation-fibrinolysis, complement and kinin-kallikrein systems that are mainly supported by proteases and their inhibitors. METHODS: Biocompatibility of a new polymer-coated (SEC-coated) CPB circuit was globally evaluated and compared with that of a non-coated CPB circuit by quantitative proteomics, using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification labeling tandem mass spectrometry...
June 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587468/human-platelet-vesicles-exhibit-distinct-size-and-proteome
#11
Bhanu P Jena, Paul M Stemmer, Sunxi Wang, Guangzhao Mao, Kenneth T Lewis, Daniel A Walz
In the past 50 years, isolated blood platelets have had restricted use in wound healing, cancer therapy, and organ and tissue transplant, to name a few. The major obstacle for its unrestricted use has been, among others, the presence of ultrahigh concentrations of growth factors and the presence of both pro-angiogenic and anti-angiogenic proteins. To overcome this problem requires the isolation and separation of the membrane bound secretory vesicles containing the different factors. In the current study, high-resolution imaging of isolated secretory vesicles from human platelets using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and mass spectrometry enabled characterization of the remaining vesicles size and composition following their immunoseparation...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576849/proteome-wide-identification-of-glycosylation-dependent-interactors-of-galectin-1-and-galectin-3-on-mesenchymal-retinal-pigment-epithelial-rpe-cells
#12
Jara Obermann, Claudia S Priglinger, Juliane Merl-Pham, Arie Geerlof, Sigfried Priglinger, Magdalena Götz, Stefanie M Hauck
Identification of interactors is a major goal in cell biology. Not only protein-protein but also protein-carbohydrate interactions are of high relevance for signal transduction in biological systems. Here, we aim to identify novel interacting binding partners for the β-galactoside-binding proteins galectin-1 (Gal-1) and galectin-3 (Gal-3) relevant in the context of the eye disease proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). PVR is one of the most common failures after retinal detachment surgeries and is characterized by the migration, adhesion, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) and the subsequent formation of sub- and epiretinal fibrocellular membranes...
August 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542641/platelet-proteome-reveals-novel-pathways-of-platelet-activation-and-platelet-mediated-immunoregulation-in-dengue
#13
Monique Ramos de Oliveira Trugilho, Eugenio Damaceno Hottz, Giselle Villa Flor Brunoro, André Teixeira-Ferreira, Paulo Costa Carvalho, Gustavo Adolfo Salazar, Guy A Zimmerman, Fernando A Bozza, Patrícia T Bozza, Jonas Perales
Dengue is the most prevalent human arbovirus disease worldwide. Dengue virus (DENV) infection causes syndromes varying from self-limiting febrile illness to severe dengue. Although dengue pathophysiology is not completely understood, it is widely accepted that increased inflammation plays important roles in dengue pathogenesis. Platelets are blood cells classically known as effectors of hemostasis which have been increasingly recognized to have major immune and inflammatory activities. Nevertheless, the phenotype and effector functions of platelets in dengue pathogenesis are not completely understood...
May 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495502/multipronged-quantitative-proteomics-reveals-serum-proteome-alterations-in-breast-cancer-intrinsic-subtypes
#14
Akshada Gajbhiye, Raju Dabhi, Khushman Taunk, Mashanipalya G Jagadeeshaprasad, Sourav RoyChoudhury, Anupama Mane, Santhakumari Bayatigeri, Koel Chaudhury, Manas K Santra, Srikanth Rapole
Being molecularly heterogeneous, breast cancer tends to be a complicated oncological disease with high incidence rates throughout the world. The primary aim of this study was to identify the set of serum proteins with discriminatory capabilities towards the four major subtypes of breast cancer. We employed multipronged quantitative proteomic approaches like 2D-DIGE, iTRAQ and SWATH-MS and identified 307 differentially regulated proteins. Luminal A subtype consisted of 24, Luminal B subtype 38, HER2 Enriched subtype 17 and Triple negative breast cancer subtype 10 differentially regulated subtype specific proteins...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472996/a-survey-of-proteomic-biomarkers-for-heterotopic-ossification-in-blood-serum
#15
Laura E Edsberg, Erin L Crowgey, Patrick M Osborn, Jennifer T Wyffels
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a significant problem for wounded warriors surviving high-energy blast injuries; however, currently, there is no biomarker panel capable of globally characterizing, diagnosing, and monitoring HO progression. The aim of this study was to identify biomarkers for HO using proteomic techniques and blood serum. METHODS: Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) was used to generate a semi-quantitative global proteomics survey of serum from patients with and without heterotopic ossification...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442446/proteomic-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-saliva-components-from-the-hematophagous-reduviid-triatoma-pallidipennis
#16
María J Hernández-Vargas, Jeovanis Gil, Luis Lozano, Martha Pedraza-Escalona, Ernesto Ortiz, Sergio Encarnación-Guevara, Alejandro Alagón, Gerardo Corzo
Species belonging to the Triatominae subfamily are commonly associated with Chagas disease, as they are potential vectors of the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. However, their saliva contains a cocktail of diverse anti-hemostatic proteins that prevent blood coagulation, vasodilation and platelet aggregation of blood; components with indisputable therapeutic potential. We performed a transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of salivary glands and protein spots from 2DE gels of milked saliva, respectively, from the Mexican Triatoma pallidipennis...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436273/proteome-analysis-of-sheep-b-lymphocytes-in-the-course-of-bovine-leukemia-virus-induced-leukemia
#17
Michal Reichert
Presented are the results of a study of the expression pattern of different proteins in the course of bovine leukemia virus-induced leukemia in experimental sheep and I discuss how the obtained data may be useful in gaining a better understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease, diagnosis, and for the selection of possible therapeutic targets. In cattle, the disease is characterized by life-long persistent lymphocytosis leading to leukemia/lymphoma in about 5% of infected animals. In sheep, as opposed to cattle, the course of the disease is always fatal and clinical symptoms usually occur within a three-year period after infection...
July 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433472/the-influence-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-synovial-fluid-volumes-protein-concentrations-and-severity-of-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Carl P C Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Chih-Chin Hsu, Hsin-Chin Lin, Yi-Rong Tsai, Jean-Lon Chen
Knee pain is commonly seen in orthopedic and rehabilitation outpatient clinical settings. Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are often complicated with joint soreness, swelling, weakness, and pain. These complaints are often caused by the excessive amount of synovial fluid (SF) accumulated in the bursae around the knee joint. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in treating patients with minor to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with supra-patellar bursitis using a proteomic approach and clinical evaluation tool...
July 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423550/quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-gastric-cancer-tissue-reveals-novel-proteins-in-platelet-derived-growth-factor-b-signaling-pathway
#19
Fang Liu, Yuan Zhang, Tingting Men, Xingyue Jiang, Chunhua Yang, He Li, Xiaodan Wei, Dong Yan, Gangming Feng, Jianke Yang, Jonas Bergquist, Bin Wang, Wenguo Jiang, Jia Mi, Geng Tian
Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers in Asian countries. Searching for reliable biomarkers involving the development of gastric cancer is important for clinical practice. Quantitative proteomics has become an important method contributed to the discovery of novel diagnostic or therapeutic targets for the management of cancer. Here, we identified differently expressed proteins in gastric cancer and normal gastric tissues by using the high resolution mass spectrometer. Among the total of 2280 identified proteins, 87 were differentially expressed between gastric cancer and normal gastric tissues...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376875/tgfbr2-dependent-alterations-of-exosomal-cargo-and-functions-in-dna-mismatch-repair-deficient-hct116-colorectal-cancer-cells
#20
Fabia Fricke, Jennifer Lee, Malwina Michalak, Uwe Warnken, Ingrid Hausser, Meggy Suarez-Carmona, Niels Halama, Martina Schnölzer, Jürgen Kopitz, Johannes Gebert
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancers (CRCs) that lack DNA mismatch repair function exhibit the microsatellite unstable (MSI) phenotype and are characterized by the accumulation of frameshift mutations at short repetitive DNA sequences (microsatellites). These tumors recurrently show inactivating frameshift mutations in the tumor suppressor Transforming Growth Factor Beta Receptor Type 2 (TGFBR2) thereby abrogating downstream signaling. How altered TGFBR2 signaling affects exosome-mediated communication between MSI tumor cells and their environment has not been resolved...
April 4, 2017: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
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