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Unipolar depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042885/more-resilience-in-males-with-probable-bipolar-depression-than-probable-unipolar-depression-among-korean-conscripts
#1
Ji-Yeong Seo, Dawon Lee, Dongyun Lee, Boseok Cha, Chul-Soo Park, Bong-Jo Kim, Cheol-Soon Lee, So-Jin Lee, In-Young Ahn, Jae-Won Choi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the resilience of males with probable bipolar depression (PBD) can be strengthened and compared it to that of males with probable unipolar depression (PUD). METHODS: Prospective data for 198 participants (PBD: 66, PUD: 66, normal control: 66) were analyzed. The participants' resilience, bipolarity and severity of depressive symptoms were evaluated at baseline and after 5 weeks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and repeated measure ANOVA was performed for comparing resilience between three groups through a basic military training...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033629/electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-mood-disorders-one-year-follow-up
#2
Sibel Çakir, Nuran Çağlar
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is known to be an effective option in the treatment of mood disorders, especially resistant depression. However, the remission achieved by ECT was reported to be not long lasting enough. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relapse/recurrence rates and associated risk factors during the first year after ECT in patients diagnosed with mood disorders. METHODS: In a naturalistic observation, patients diagnosed with unipolar depressive disorder or a depressive episode of bipolar disorder and who had achieved remission by ECT were followed up for at least one year...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030111/double-blind-proof-of-concept-poc-trial-of-low-field-magnetic-stimulation-lfms-augmentation-of-antidepressant-therapy-in-treatment-resistant-depression-trd
#3
Maurizio Fava, Marlene P Freeman, Martina Flynn, Bettina B Hoeppner, Richard Shelton, Dan V Iosifescu, James W Murrough, David Mischoulon, Cristina Cusin, Mark Rapaport, Boadie W Dunlop, Madhukar H Trivedi, Manish Jha, Gerard Sanacora, Gretchen Hermes, George I Papakostas
BACKGROUND: Low-Field Magnetic Stimulation (LFMS) is a novel, non-invasive, sub-threshold neuromodulation technique, shown in preliminary studies to have immediate mood elevating effects in both unipolar and bipolar depressed patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the antidepressant augmentation effects at 48 h of LFMS administered on two consecutive days compared to sham treatment in treatment resistant depression (TRD) subjects, using the Sequential Parallel Comparison Design (SPCD)...
September 23, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029678/positive-and-negative-affect-as-links-between-social-anxiety-and-depression-predicting-concurrent-and-prospective-mood-symptoms-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-mood-disorders
#4
Jonah N Cohen, M Taylor Dryman, Amanda S Morrison, Kirsten E Gilbert, Richard G Heimberg, June Gruber
The co-occurrence of social anxiety and depression is associated with increased functional impairment and a more severe course of illness. Social anxiety disorder is unique among the anxiety disorders in sharing an affective profile with depression, characterized by low levels of positive affect (PA) and high levels of negative affect (NA). Yet it remains unclear how this shared affective profile contributes to the covariation of social anxiety and depressive symptoms. We examined whether self-reported PA and NA accounted for unique variance in the association between social anxiety and depressive symptoms across three groups (individuals with remitted bipolar disorder, type I [BD; n = 32], individuals with remitted major depressive disorder [MDD; n = 31], and nonpsychiatric controls [n = 30]) at baseline and follow-ups of 6 and 12 months...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028592/elevation-of-plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-levels-in-schizophrenia-patients
#5
Li Wei, Yupeng Du, Wei Wu, Xuyan Fu, Qi Xia
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric diseases are usually accompanied by immune dysregulation and activation of the inflammatory response system. However, the characteristics of immunoinflammatory markers in psychiatric diseases are not well defined. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with psychiatric diseases were divided into four groups, including a schizophrenia group, an anxiety disorder group, a unipolar depression group, and a bipolar disorder group, according to the ICD-10 and DSM-IV codes...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018388/emdr-beyond-ptsd-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017377/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-patients-with-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorder
#7
Selçuk Özdin, Gökhan Sarisoy, Ahmet Rıfat Şahin, Ali Cezmi Arik, Hatice Özyıldız Güz, Ömer Böke, Aytül Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine the difference between the bipolar disorder, unipolar disorder and control groups in terms of maladaptive schemes and childhood trauma. METHODS: Two groups of patients under monitoring with a diagnosis of bipolar or unipolar disorder and one group of healthy controls were enrolled in this study. Each group consisted of 60 subjects. The Young Mania Rating Scale and Beck Depression Inventory were used to confirm that patients were in remission...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988944/efficacy-of-adding-nutritional-supplements-in-unipolar-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Cora Schefft, Laura L Kilarski, Tom Bschor, Stephan Köhler
In this article, we aimed to assess the efficacy of adjunctive administration of nutritional supplements to antidepressants by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis. The supplements included were inositol, vitamin D, folic acid, vitamin B12, S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe), omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and zinc. A structured database search (MEDLINE, EBSCO, CENTRAL, Web of Science) was performed using terms for the respective substances in conjunction with terms for depression and the mode of treatment ("add-on" OR "adjunctive" OR "augmentation")...
October 5, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976215/mania-following-antidepressant-discontinuation-in-depression-two-case-reports
#9
Cecilia Sze Nga Kwok, Leslie Eng Choon Lim
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant-induced mania and an antidepressant discontinuation syndrome are well documented, whereas mania occurring after antidepressant cessation has been infrequently reported. METHOD: We describe antidepressant discontinuation-related mania in two Chinese patients, as well as a review of the literature on this phenomenon in unipolar depression. RESULTS: A 72-year-old man and a 65-year-old woman had late-onset depression with vascular risk factors, but no personal or family history of mood disorders...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969860/what-your-eyes-tell-me-theory-of-mind-in-bipolar-disorder
#10
Usue Espinós, Enrique García Fernández-Abascal, Mercedes Ovejero
The aim of this study was to assess social- perceptual Theory of Mind in bipolar disorder (BD). 112 euthymic participants with BD I or BD II (65 with BD I and 47 with BD II) were compared to a group of 112 persons with no psychiatric diagnosis and 43 with unipolar depression (UD). They completed the task of the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" (RMET). The results show that participants with BD, I and II, as well as the group with UD performed significantly more poorly than the control group. As for the wrong answers, BDs mostly chose positive valence stimuli, while the UD group chose negative valence items...
September 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968199/meta-analysis-of-central-and-peripheral-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-levels-in-patients-with-unipolar-and-bipolar-depression
#11
Bruno Romeo, Walid Choucha, Philippe Fossati, Jean-Yves Rotge
BACKGROUND: Many studies have measured central and peripheral γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in patients with depression. We performed a meta-analysis to provide an objective overview of GABA changes in those with unipolar or bipolar depression. METHODS: After a systematic database search, original data were extracted with the help of seminal authors to calculate standardized mean differences. We compared GABA levels between patients with current major depressive episodes and controls, between euthymic patients and controls, and in patients before and after treatment...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959904/body-composition-does-not-affect-serum-levels-of-cathelicidin-ll-37-in-elderly-women-with-unipolar-depression
#12
Ewa Szczepocka, Elżbieta Kozłowska, Ewa Brzezińska-Błaszczyk, Adam Wysokiński
OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial peptides are components of the innate immune system. Cathelicidin LL-37 plays an important role in antimicrobial defense, exerts proinflammatory effect and strongly affects the immune system functioning. Our recent study revealed that serum concentration of LL-37 is increased in elderly women with depression. The aim of this study is to evaluate serum LL-37 levels in elderly women with depression and to compare them with non-depressed elderly women, matched for anthropometric and body composition parameters...
September 29, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959452/predicting-early-transition-from-sub-syndromal-presentations-to-major-mental-disorders
#13
Shane P M Cross, Jan Scott, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Transition from at-risk state to full syndromal mental disorders is underexplored for unipolar and bipolar disorders compared with psychosis. AIMS: Prospective, trans-diagnostic study of rates and predictors of early transition from sub-threshold to full syndromal mental disorder. METHOD: One-year outcome of 243 consenting youth aged 15-25 years with a sub-syndromal presentation of a potentially severe mental disorder. Survival analysis and odds ratio (OR) for predictors of transition identified from baseline clinical and demographic ratings...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958125/-on-the-way-to-culture-sensitive-patient-information-materials-results-of-a-focus-group-study
#14
Zivile Ries, Fabian Frank, Isaac Bermejo, Chariklia Kalaitsidou, Jördis Zill, Jörg Dirmaier, Martin Härter, Jürgen Bengel, Lars Hölzel
Aim This study was part of a double-blind randomised controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effects of culture-sensitive patient information materials (PIM) compared with standard translated material. The study aimed to obtain the data for the development of culture sensitive PIM about unipolar depression for the 4 largest migrant groups in Germany (Turkish, Polish, Russian and Italian migration background). Method A qualitative study using 4 manual-based focus groups (FG), one for each migrant group, with 29 participants (9 with a Turkish (TüG), 8 with a Polish (PoG), 5 with a Russian (RuG) and 7 with an Italian (ItG) migration background) was conducted...
September 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953805/linking-the-psychosocial-aetiology-and-neurobiology-of-unipolar-depression
#15
Lucia Coulter, Mina Ibrahimi, Ravi Patel, Mark Agius
Psychosocial factors are an important contributor to the aetiology of unipolar depression. This paper reviews the evidence for the contribution of different psychosocial factors, and provides an overview of the proposed neurobiological mechanisms underlying the link between psychosocial factors and depression. Implicated psychosocial factors fall into three interrelated groups: life events, socioeconomic status, and social support. The life events most strongly linked with depression are bereavement, disability or medical illness, and childhood maltreatment...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951141/maintenance-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-for-relapse-prevention-in-with-depression-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
Major depressive disorder is a highly prevalent condition with significant morbidity and mortality. Recurrent episodes occur in greater than 50% of patients within a one year period despite treatment with antidepressant medications, electroconvulsive therapy and psychotherapy. Longer antidepressant treatment may prevent relapses and recurrences. Urgent therapeutic alternatives are needed such as maintenance repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of this technique in the long-term treatment and relapse prevention of depression...
September 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940099/influence-of-depressed-patients-expectations-prior-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-its-effectiveness-and-tolerability-exp-ect-a-prospective-study
#17
Lisa Krech, Michael Belz, Matthias Besse, Isabel Methfessel, Dirk Wedekind, David Zilles
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective therapy for severe depressive disorders. Though there are known clinical predictors of response (e.g., higher age, presence of psychotic symptoms), there is a lack of knowledge concerning the impact of patients' expectations on treatment outcome and tolerability in terms of possible placebo/nocebo effects. In 31 patients with unipolar or bipolar depressive disorder, we used a questionnaire to investigate the patients' expectations of ECT effectiveness and tolerability prior to and in the course of the treatment...
September 22, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937707/meta-analysis-of-the-antidepressant-effects-of-acute-sleep-deprivation
#18
Elaine M Boland, Hengyi Rao, David F Dinges, Rachel V Smith, Namni Goel, John A Detre, Mathias Basner, Yvette I Sheline, Michael E Thase, Philip R Gehrman
OBJECTIVE: To provide a quantitative meta-analysis of the antidepressant effects of sleep deprivation to complement qualitative reviews addressing response rates. DATA SOURCES: English-language studies from 1974 to 2016 using the keywords sleep deprivation and depression searched through PubMed and PsycINFO databases. STUDY SELECTION: A total of 66 independent studies met criteria for inclusion: conducted experimental sleep deprivation, reported the percentage of the sample that responded to sleep deprivation, provided a priori definition of antidepressant response, and did not seamlessly combine sleep deprivation with other therapies (eg, chronotherapeutics, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935838/decreased-pretreatment-amygdalae-serotonin-transporter-binding-in-unipolar-depression-remitters-a-prospective-pet-study
#19
Mala Ananth, Christine DeLorenzo, Jie Yang, J John Mann, Ramin Parsey
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a debilitating condition that affects over 14 million Americans. Remission only occurs in a minority of individuals following first-line antidepressant treatment (~35%); predictors of treatment outcome are therefore needed. Using Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging with a radiotracer specific for the serotonin transporter (5-HTT), (11)C-McN5652, we found that patients with MDD who did not achieve remission following 12 months of naturalistic treatment had lower pre-treatment midbrain and amygdala binding compared to healthy volunteers...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906325/antidepressant-combination-versus-antidepressants-plus-second-generation-antipsychotic-augmentation-in-treatment-resistant-unipolar-depression
#20
Gabriella Gobbi, Maykel F Ghabrash, Nicolas Nuñez, John Tabaka, Jessica Di Sante, Marie Saint-Laurent, Stephen Vida, Theodore Kolivakis, Nancy Low, Pablo Cervantes, Linda Booij, Stefano Comai
Patients with treatment-resistant unipolar depression (TRD) are treated with antidepressant combinations (ADs) or with second-generation antipsychotics plus AD (SGA+AD) augmentation; however, the clinical characteristics, the factors associated independently with response to SGA+AD, and the outcome trajectories have not yet been characterized. We performed a naturalistic study on the latest stable trial (medication unchanged for about 3 months) in 86 TRD patients with resistance to at least two ADs trials, who received ADs (n=36) or SGA+AD (n=50) treatments...
September 12, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
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