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pulmonary tuberculosis in diabetes mellitus

Ahmed A Aljohaney
OBJECTIVES: To determine the mortality rates and predictors among patients hospitalized with active tuberculosis (TB) at King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) in Jeddah. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 291 active TB patients hospitalized in KAUH, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from December 2011 to December 2016. Medical records were collected and evaluated using a dedicated data extraction sheet. The records included demographics, clinical, radiological, laboratory, and drug resistance data...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Ye-Jin Lee, Sung Koo Han, Ju Hee Park, Jung Kyu Lee, Deog Keom Kim, Hee Soon Chung, Eun Young Heo
Background/Aims: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) have increased morbidity and a high risk of treatment failure or recurrence. It is important to manage both diseases simultaneously. Among anti-diabetic drugs, metformin inhibits intracellular growth of mycobacteria. Therefore, we examined the effects of metformin on TB treatment, especially in patients with DM. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients with culture-positive pulmonary TB diagnosed between 2011 and 2012...
March 16, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Francles Blanco-Guillot, M Lucía Castañeda-Cediel, Pablo Cruz-Hervert, Leticia Ferreyra-Reyes, Guadalupe Delgado-Sánchez, Elizabeth Ferreira-Guerrero, Rogelio Montero-Campos, Miriam Bobadilla-Del-Valle, Rosa Areli Martínez-Gamboa, Pedro Torres-González, Norma Téllez-Vazquez, Sergio Canizales-Quintero, Mercedes Yanes-Lane, Norma Mongua-Rodríguez, Alfredo Ponce-de-León, José Sifuentes-Osornio, Lourdes García-García
BACKGROUND: Genotyping and georeferencing in tuberculosis (TB) have been used to characterize the distribution of the disease and occurrence of transmission within specific groups and communities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that diabetes mellitus (DM) and pulmonary TB may occur in spatial and molecular aggregations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with pulmonary TB. The study area included 12 municipalities in the Sanitary Jurisdiction of Orizaba, Veracruz, México...
2018: PloS One
Jovana M Pavlović, Aleksandar D Pavlovic, Milica V Bulajić, Dragica P Pešut
A previously known association of tuberculosis (TB), now a global emergency, with diabetes mellitus (DM), a chronic disease of increasing prevalence worldwide, has resurfaced. DM is a recognised TB risk factor and M. tuberculosis infection usually disturbs glycoregulation. We aimed to estimate DM prevalence among TB patients and to analyse clinical and radiologic manifestations of TB in this group. The cross-sectional study included 1017 patients discharged with a TB diagnosis from a tertiary level facility in a five-year period...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Nathella Pavan Kumar, Vaithilingam V Banurekha, Dina Nair, Chandrakumar Dolla, Paul Kumaran, Subash Babu
Tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) remain vital disease burdens in developing countries and the dual burden of DM and TB clearly signifies a growing global public health concern. While modulation of iron status biomarkers in TB is well described, very little is known about the association of these markers with TB-DM. To examine the association of circulating iron status biomarkers in TB disease, we examined the systemic levels of ferritin, hepcidin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), transferrin, apotransferrin and hemopexin in pulmonary TB (PTB) individuals with DM (PTB-DM), without DM (PTB) and those with diabetes only (DM)...
January 2018: Tuberculosis
Selçuk Özdoğan, Cumhur Kaan Yaltırık, Ali Haluk Düzkalır, Nail Demirel, Mustafa Kaya, Başar Atalay
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to draw attention to rare spinal infections in recurrent failed spinal surgeries. CASE REPORT A 59-year-old female was admitted to the hospital for back pain, which was assessed as a 9 on the visual analogue scale (VAS); the patient reported tiredness and night sweats. She had an operation for L3-4 far lateral disc herniation four years ago. Then another operation for L4-5 disc herniation six months ago and immediately three months later she has an operation with L3-4-5 fixation again...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Li-Li Xia, Su-Fen Li, Kan Shao, Xin Zhang, Shan Huang
To investigate the correlation between computed tomography (CT) features and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with primary pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). One hundred and eighty untreated PTB patients complicated with T2DM were selected. Based on the HbAlc level, the patients were divided into three groups: HbAlc level <7% (Group I: 32 patients), 7%-9% (Group II: 48 patients), and >9% (Group III: 100 patients). The changes of CT manifestations and HbAlc were analyzed after TB and T2DM treatment...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
L Y Xu, G X Lai, Q Hu, L Zhang, D L Liu, G B Zhu, X H Li, H H Shi, C Xu, Y H Yu, Y W Bao, W Chen
Objective: To improve the understanding of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) by analyzing the clinical manifestations, imaging and pathological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disease. Methods: Cases of CPA, proven by microbiological evidence based on pathological study in Fuzhou General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army and Affiliated Fuzhou City First Hospital of Fijian Medical University from January 2006 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The patients consisted of 17 males and 12 females, aged 24 to 75 years, mean (42±16) years...
February 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Lih-Yu Chang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Chia-Hao Chang, Ming-Chia Lee, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Li-Na Lee
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the major infectious diseases worldwide. Adverse reactions are common during TB treatment. Few reports, however, are available on treatment-related acute biliary events (ABEs), such as cholelithiasis, biliary obstruction, acute cholecystitis, and cholangitis. METHODS: We first report four pulmonary TB patients who developed ABEs during anti-TB treatment. Abdominal sonography revealed multiple gall stones with dilated intrahepatic ducts in three patients and cholecystitis in one patient...
February 1, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Yosra M Alkabab, Mushira A Enani, Nouf Y Indarkiri, Scott K Heysell
Background: Prior research suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with increasing risk for developing cavitary lung disease in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Additionally, chest computed tomography (CT) scan may be more sensitive than chest X-ray in detecting cavitary disease in such patients. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of chest CT to chest X-ray in detecting cavitary lung disease and to compare the frequency of cavities between TB patients with DM and without DM...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Nicholas R Degner, Jann-Yuan Wang, Jonathan E Golub, Petros C Karakousis
Background: The global type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) epidemic threatens progress made in reducing tuberculosis (TB)-related mortality worldwide. Previous clinical studies have not fully evaluated potential confounding variables in addressing the impact of DM on TB treatment outcomes. The antidiabetic agent metformin regulates autophagy and may play a role as a host-directed therapeutic adjuvant to antitubercular treatment. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comprising patients aged ≥13 years undergoing treatment for culture-confirmed, drug-susceptible pulmonary TB...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
V Mave, S Meshram, R Lokhande, D Kadam, S Dharmshale, R Bharadwaj, A Kagal, N Pradhan, S Deshmukh, S Atre, T Sahasrabudhe, M Barthwal, S Meshram, A Kakrani, V Kulkarni, S Raskar, N Suryavanshi, R Shivakoti, S Chon, E Selvin, A Gupte, A Gupta, N Gupte, J E Golub
SETTING: Pune, India. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors of pre-diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM, and its associations with the clinical presentation of tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: Screening for DM was conducted among adults (age  18 years) with confirmed TB between December 2013 and January 2017. We used multinomial regression to evaluate the risk factors for pre-DM (glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c]  5.7-6.5% or fasting glucose 100-125 mg/dl) and DM (HbA1c  6...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Manoj Mathur, Rajesh K Badhan, Sudesh Kumari, Navkiran Kaur, Saryu Gupta
Introduction: Pulmonary tuberculosis has atypical radiological manifestations in patients with underlying immunocompromised disease like diabetes and human immunodeficient virus infection. Computed tomography has important role in such patients for early diagnosis of disease and management to minimize complication. Aim: To evaluate and compare the computed tomography chest features of pulmonary tuberculosis in between immunocompromised patients and immunocompetent patients...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jyothi Bhat, V G Rao, R K Sharma, M Muniyandi, Rajiv Yadav, M K Bhondley
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is known to be high in the indigenous tribal community Saharia in Madhya Pradesh, India. The risk factors for PTB are not well known among them. This study was done to determine various risk factors associated with PTB in the indigenous community Saharia. METHODS: A prevalence survey was conducted among Saharias of Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. The population surveyed was 12,123 which was the source of cases and controls for the present study...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Yan Ma, Mai Ling Huang, Tao Li, Jian DU, Wei Shu, Shi Heng Xie, Hong Hong Wang, Guo Feng Zhu, Shou Yong Tan, Yan Yong Fu, Li Ping Ma, Lian Ying Zhang, Fei Ying Liu, Dai Yu Hu, Yan Ling Zhang, Xiang Qun Li, Yu Hong Liu, Liang Li
We assessed the role of diabetes mellitus (DM) on treatment effects in drug-susceptible initial pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients. A prospective study was conducted in eight provinces of China from October 2008 to December 2010. We enrolled 1,313 confirmed drug-susceptible initial PTB patients, and all subjects received the treatment regimen (2H3R3E3Z3/4H3R3) as recommended by the national guidelines. Of the 1,313 PTB patients, 157 (11.9%) had DM; these patients had more sputum smear-positive rates at the end of the second month [adjusted odds ratios (aOR) 2...
September 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
M Shahidatul-Adha, E Zunaina, A T Liza-Sharmini, W H Wan-Hazabbah, I Shatriah, I Mohtar, Y Azhany, H Adil
INTRODUCTION: Ocular tuberculosis (TB) encompasses a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations affecting different structures of the eye. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a great ancient organism that induces various types of diseases and unfavorable outcomes if unrecognized and not well treated. PURPOSE: To report the clinical profile of 34 ocular TB cases observed during 6 years period in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). METHOD: A retrospective review of medical records from 34 patients diagnosed with ocular TB in HUSM from January 2011 until December 2016...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Xian-Hua Wang, Ai-Guo Ma, Xiu-Xia Han, Lei Chen, Hui Liang, Aishan-Litifu, Abudumijit-Ablez, Feng Xue
AIMS: To investigate the association of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within Protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) gene and additional gene- gene and gene- type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) interaction with pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) risk in Chinese Uygur population. METHODS: A total of 722 participants (186 males, 536 females) were selected, including 360 PTB patients and 362 control participants. Generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) was used to screen the best interaction combination among SNPs and T2DM...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
Xin Zhao, Yanli Yuan, Yan Lin, Tiejuan Zhang, Jianjun Ma, Wanli Kang, Yunlong Bai, Yunlong Wang, Hongshan Shao, Riitta A Dlodlo, Anthony D Harries
OBJECTIVE: The association between tuberculosis (TB), diabetes mellitus (DM) and vitamin D status is poorly characterised. We therefore: (1) determined vitamin D status in patients with TB in relation to whether they had normal fasting blood glucose (FBG), pre-DM or DM and (2) assessed whether baseline characteristics in patients with TB, including their DM status, were associated with vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: In patients with TB consecutively attending six clinics or hospitals in China, we measured 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-(OH)D3) at the time of registration using electrochemiluminescence in a COBASE 601 Roche analyser by chemiluminescence immunoassay...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
Po-Yen Ko, Shi-Dou Lin, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Chen
AIMS: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on all-cause mortality among patients with newly-diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) in an Asian population. We also identified risk factors for mortality in these patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and included 9831 newly-diagnosed TB individuals and 1627 TB mortality cases in the period of 2000-2010. The mortality data were divided into a DM group and a non-DM group...
November 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
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