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Karolina Kubiasová, Václav Mik, Jaroslav Nisler, Martin Hönig, Alexandra Husičková, Lukáš Spíchal, Zuzana Pěkná, Olga Šamajová, Karel Doležal, Ondřej Plíhal, Eva Benková, Miroslav Strnad, Lucie Plíhalová
Isoprenoid cytokinins play a number of crucial roles in the regulation of plant growth and development. To study cytokinin receptor properties in plants, we designed and prepared fluorescent derivatives of 6-[(3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)amino]purine (N6 -isopentenyladenine, iP) with several fluorescent labels attached to the C2 or N9 atom of the purine moiety via a 2- or 6-carbon linker. The fluorescent labels included dansyl (DS), fluorescein (FC), 7-nitrobenzofurazan (NBD), rhodamine B (RhoB), coumarin (Cou), 7-(diethylamino)coumarin (DEAC) and cyanine 5 dye (Cy5)...
March 7, 2018: Phytochemistry
Amir Abbas Mokhtarieh, Jieun Lee, Semi Kim, Myung Kyu Lee
Previously a scalable and extrusion-free method has been developed for efficient liposomal encapsulation of DNA by twice stepwise mixing of lipids in ethanol and DNA solution using T-shape mixing chamber. In this study, we prepared nanoliposomes encapsulating siRNA by simply discontinuous mixing of lipids in ethanol/ether/water mixture and acidic siRNA solution without use of special equipment. The simple mixing siRNA/liposomal particles (siRNA/SMLs) prepared using ethanol/ether/water (3:1:1) mixture showed 120...
February 28, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Rebecca Sullivan, Rebecca McGirr, Shirley Hu, Alice Tan, Derek Wu, Carlie Charron, Tyler Lalonde, Edith Arany, Subrata Chakrabarti, Leonard Luyt, Savita Dhanvantari
Ghrelin and its receptor, the growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR1a), are present in cardiac tissue. Activation of GHSR1a by ghrelin promotes cardiomyocyte contractility and survival, and changes in myocardial GHSR1a and circulating ghrelin track with end-stage heart failure, leading to the hypothesis that GHSR1a is a biomarker for heart failure. We hypothesized that GHSR1a could also be a biomarker for diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). We used two models of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DCM: group 1, adult mice treated with 35 mg/kg STZ for 3 days; and group 2, neonatal mice treated with 70 mg/kg STZ at days 2 and 5 after birth...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Endocrine Society
Tessa Buckle, Danny M van Willigen, Silvia J Spa, Albertus W Hensbergen, Steffen van der Wal, Clarize M de Korne, Mick M Welling, Henk G van der Poel, James C H Hardwick, Fijs W B van Leeuwen
Objectives: The potential of (receptor-mediated) fluorescence-based image-guided surgery tracers is generally linked to the near-infrared emission profile and good manufacturing production (GMP) availability of fluorescent dyes. Surprisingly, little is known about the critical interaction between the structural composition of the dye and the pharmacokinetics of the tracers. In this study, a bimodal/hybrid tracer design was used to systematically and quantitatively evaluate the influence of elongation of the polymethine chain in a fluorescent cyanine (Cy) dye on the imaging potential of a targeted (RGD-based) tracer...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Young-Do Kwon, Hea-Jong Chung, Sun Joo Lee, Sun-Hwa Lee, Byung-Hoon Jeong, Hee-Kwon Kim
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an important biological target for therapy and diagnosis of prostate cancer. In this study, novel multivalent PSMA inhibitors with glutamate-urea-lysine structures were designed to improve inhibition characteristics. Precursors of the novel inhibitors were prepared from glutamic acid with di-tert-butyl ester. A near-infrared molecular dye, sulfo-Cy5.5, was introduced into the precursors to generate the final PSMA fluorescent inhibitors, compounds 12-14, to visualize prostate cancer...
January 31, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Hushan Yuan, Moses Q Wilks, Marc D Normandin, Georges El Fakhri, Charalambos Kaittanis, Lee Josephson
Feraheme (FH) nanoparticles (NPs) have been used extensively for treatment of iron anemia (due to their slow release of ionic iron in acidic environments). In addition, injected FH NPs are internalized by monocytes and function as MRI biomarkers for the pathological accumulation of monocytes in disease. We have recently expanded these applications by radiolabeling FH NPs for positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging using a heat-induced radiolabeling (HIR) strategy...
February 2018: Nature Protocols
Zheng Han, Xiaohui Wu, Sarah Roelle, Chuheng Chen, William P Schiemann, Zheng-Rong Lu
In the original version of this Article, the penultimate sentence of the Abstract incorrectly read 'The dose of the contrast agent for effective molecular MRI is only slightly lower than that of ZD2-Cy5.5 (0.5 µmol kg-1) in fluorescence imaging.' The correct version states 'higher' in place of 'lower'. This error has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.
January 8, 2018: Nature Communications
Tiancong Ma, Yi Hou, Jianfeng Zeng, Chunyan Liu, Peisen Zhang, Lihong Jing, Dihua Shangguan, Mingyuan Gao
The abnormal expression of tumor-associated proteases and lowered extracellular pH are important signatures strongly associated with cancer invasion, progression, and metastasis. However, their malignant effects were mainly identified using cell and tissue studies. To non-invasively visualize the heterogeneous distribution of these abnormal indicators in vivo and further disclose their collective behaviors, a target-triggered fluorescent nanoprobe composed of a ratiometric pH-sensitive dye, a near infrared dye (Cy5...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Hui Li, Ping Wang, Wenyu Gong, Qi Wang, Jia Zhou, Wei-Hong Zhu, Yingsheng Cheng
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death. Early detection of precancerous pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN) tissues is an urgent challenge to improve the PDAC prognosis. Here, a urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR)-targeted magnetic resonance (MR)/near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) dual-modal nanoprobe dendron-grafted polylysine (DGL)-U11 for ultra-early detection of pancreatic precancerosis is reported. Because of its good biocompatibility and biodegradability, globular architecture, and well-defined reactive groups, the DGL is chosen as the platform to load with a pancreatic tumor-targeting peptide U11, a magnetic resonance contrast agent Gd3+ -diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid, and a near-infrared fluorescent cyanine dye Cy5...
December 1, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Man Kyu Shim, Hong Yeol Yoon, Sangmin Lee, Mun Kyeong Jo, Jooho Park, Jong-Ho Kim, Seo Young Jeong, Ick Chan Kwon, Kwangmeyung Kim
Apoptosis is one of the most important intracellular events in living cell, which is a programmed cell death interrelated with caspase enzyme activity for maintaining homeostasis in multicellular organisms. Therefore, direct apoptosis imaging of living cells can provide enormous advantages for diagnosis, drug discovery, and therapeutic monitoring in various diseases. However, a method of direct apoptosis imaging has not been fully validated, especially for live cells in in vitro and in vivo. Herein, we developed a new apoptosis imaging technology via a direct visualization of active caspase-3/-7 activity in living cells...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Tom Völler, Andreas Faust, Johannes Roth, Michael Schäfers, Thomas Vogl, Sven Hermann
PURPOSE: Non-invasive assessment of inflammatory activity in the course of various diseases is a largely unmet clinical challenge. An early feature of inflammation is local secretion of the alarmin S100A8/A9 by activated phagocytes. We here evaluate a novel S100A9-targeted small molecule tracer Cy5.5-CES271 for in vivo optical imaging of inflammatory activity in exemplary disease models. PROCEDURES: Dynamics of Cy5.5-CES271 was characterized in a model of irritant contact dermatitis by sequential fluorescence reflectance imaging (FRI) up to 24 h postinjection (p...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
B D Hedley, G Cheng, J Luider, W Kern, G Lozanski, I Chin-Yee, L E Lowes, M Keeney, D Careaga, R Magari, L Tejidor
INTRODUCTION: Flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) is an integral part in the diagnosis and classification of hematologic malignancies. FCI results also influence therapeutic decisions and disease prognosis. ClearLLab LS is a 12-antibody 10-color cocktail provided in dry format designed as a screen for patients suspected of having hematolymphoid disease. METHODS: A blinded comparison between ClearLLab LS, (CD8-FITC, Kappa-FITC,CD4-PE, Lambda-PE, CD19-ECD, CD56-PE-Cy5...
November 24, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
Meng-Jie Dong, Cai-Qin Wang, Guo-Lin Wang, Yue-Hong Wang, Zhen-Feng Liu
With the advent of next-generation sequencing technology, there is rapidly increasing interest in long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). The objectives of this study were to develop a novel lncRNA MALAT1 near-infrared optical probe, to evaluate the characteristics of this optical imaging probe in vitro and to determine whether it can be used for imaging MALAT1 expression in malignant tumours in vivo. Conjugation of Cy5.5 to MALAT1 ASO was accomplished using standard NHS (N-hydroxysuccinimide) ester procedures, and the labelled MALAT1 ASO was purified with a Glen-Pak DNA Purification Cartridge and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Siyu Ma, Mingyuan Li, Nan Liu, Ying Li, Zhiping Li, Yang Yang, Fanglin Yu, Xiaoqin Hu, Cheng Liu, Xingguo Mei
The passive targeting is the premise of active targeting that could make nanocarrier detained in tumor tissue. The particle size is the most important factor that influences the diffusion and distribution of nanoparticle both in vivo and in vitro. In order to investigate the relationship between particle size and diffusion ability, two kinds of liposome loaded with Vincristine (VCR-Lip) were prepared. The diffusion behavior of VCR-Lip with different particle size and free VCR was compared through diffusion stability study...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
Juan Zhou, Lei He, Zhijun Pang, Henry D Appelman, Rork Kuick, David G Beer, Meng Li, Thomas D Wang
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is rising rapidly, and early detection within the precursor state of Barrett's esophagus (BE) is challenged by flat premalignant lesions that are difficult detect with conventional endoscopic surveillance. Overexpression of cell surface fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) is an early event in progression of BE to EAC, and is a promising imaging target. We used phage display to identify the peptide SRRPASFRTARE that binds specifically to the extracellular domain of FGFR2...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
H Q Wu, J J Zhao, H W Li, Z Zhang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of imbalance between Th1 and Th22 cells and its association with disease progression in patients with liver cirrhosis, and to explore immune therapeutic strategies for targeted therapy for liver cirrhosis. Methods: In vitro peripheral blood mononucleated cells (PBMCs) were collected by centrifugation. CD3-BV500 and CD8-PerCP-Cy5.5 staining was performed for these cells. IFNγ-PE-Cy7, IL-17a-APC, IL-22-PE, or the corresponding isotype control was added, and then PBMCs were fixed with 1% polyoxymethylene after being washed once by permeabilization-wash buffer...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Abedelnasser Abulrob, Slavisa Corluka, Barbara Blasiak, B Gino Falonne, Dragana Ponjevic, John Matyas, Boguslaw Tomanek
PURPOSE: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) does not express estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, or Her2/neu. Both diagnosis and treatment of TNBC remain a clinical challenge. LyP-1 is a cyclic 9 amino acid peptide that can bind to breast cancer cells. The goal of this study was to design and characterize LyP-1 conjugated to fluorescent iron oxide nanoparticles (LyP-1-Fe3O4-Cy5.5) as a contrast agent for improved and specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a preclinical model of TNBC...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Zhangfei Shen, Xue Jiang, Lili Yan, Yu Chen, Weiwei Wang, Ying Shi, Liangen Shi, Dongxiang Liu, Naiming Zhou
Diapause hormone (DH) is a 24-aa amidated neuropeptide that elicits the embryonic diapause of the silkworm, Bombyx mori (Bommo), via sensitive and selective interaction with its receptor, Bommo DH receptor (Bommo-DHR). Previous studies of the structure-activity relationship of Bommo-DH were all based on an in vivo diapause-induction bioassay, which has provided little information on the structure of Bommo-DHR or its iteration with DH. Here, to unveil the interaction of Bommo-DH with its receptor, N-terminally truncated analogs and alanine-scanning mutants of Bommo-DH were chemically synthesized and functionally evaluated by using a Cy5...
November 3, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Hee-Man Yang, Chan Woo Park, Sungjune Park, Jong-Duk Kim
A poly(succinimide) (PSI) graft copolymer was designed and synthesized as a cross-linkable precursor polymer to fabricate biocompatible and biodegradable cross-linked magnetic nanoparticles (CMNPs) with excellent structural stability in vivo and multifunctionality, including specific cancer-targeting and dual imaging modalities. After coating the magnetic nanoparticles with amphiphilic PSI grafted with folate-conjugated PEG and alkyl chains, the succinimide units on the inner shell of the nanoparticles were cross-linked and converted into a biocompatible and biodegradable structure consisting of amide bonds and further used to bear free amine groups on the surface of the CMNPs...
October 18, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Ju-Hwan Park, Hyun-Jong Cho, Dae-Duk Kim
Poly((D,L)lactic-glycolic)acid-star glucose (PLGA-Glc) polymer-based nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated for tumor-targeted delivery of docetaxel (DCT). NPs with an approximate mean diameter of 241 nm, narrow size distribution, negative zeta potential, and spherical shape were prepared. A sustained drug release pattern from the developed NPs was observed for 13 days. Moreover, drug release from PLGA-Glc NPs at acidic pH (endocytic compartments and tumor regions) was significantly improved compared with that observed at physiological pH (normal tissues and organs)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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