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Dong-Eog Kim, Jeong-Yeon Kim, Su-Kyoung Lee, Ju Hee Ryu, Ick Chan Kwon, Cheol-Hee Ahn, Kwangmeyung Kim, Dawid Schellingerhout
Direct thrombus imaging visualizes the root cause of thromboembolic infarction. Being able to image thrombus directly allows far better investigation of stroke than relying on indirect measurements, and will be a potent and robust vascular research tool. We use an optical imaging approach that labels thrombi with a molecular imaging thrombus marker - a Cy5.5 near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) probe that is covalently linked to the fibrin strands of the thrombus by the fibrin-crosslinking enzymatic action of activated coagulation factor XIIIa during the process of clot maturation...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Quan Zhou, Zhao Li, Juan Zhou, Bishnu P Joshi, Gaoming Li, Xiyu Duan, Rork Kuick, Scott R Owens, Thomas D Wang
EGFR is a promising cell surface target for in vivo imaging that is highly overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a common cancer worldwide. Peptides penetrate easily into tumors for deep imaging, and clear rapidly from the circulation to minimize background. We aim to demonstrate use of an EGFR specific peptide to detect HCC xenograft tumors in mice with photoacoustic imaging. Nude mice implanted with human HCC cells that overexpress EGFR were injected intravenously with Cy5.5-labeled EGFR and scrambled control peptides respectively...
June 2016: Photoacoustics
Liqin Wang, Miao Xu, Noel Southall, Wei Zheng, Shuishu Wang
Tuberculosis (TB) still kills over 1.5 million people per year despite available anti-TB drugs. The emergence of drug-resistant TB poses a major threat to public health and prompts for an urgent need for new and more effective drugs. The long duration needed to treat TB by the current TB drugs, which target the essential cellular activities, inevitably leads to the emergence of drug-resistance. PhoP of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), an essential virulence factor, is a novel target for drug development. Guided by the crystal structure of the PhoP-DNA complex, we designed and developed a robust high-throughput screening assay for identification of PhoP inhibitors that disrupt the PhoP-DNA binding...
October 10, 2016: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Kang-Ho Choi, Hyung-Seok Kim, Man-Seok Park, Eun-Bin Lee, Jung-Kil Lee, Joon-Tae Kim, Ja-Hae Kim, Min-Cheol Lee, Hong-Joon Lee, Ki-Hyun Cho
Cerebral edema from the disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) after cerebral ischemia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality as well as a common event in patients with stroke. Caveolins (Cavs) are thought to regulate BBB functions. Here, we report for the first time that Cav-1 overexpression (OE) decreased brain edema from BBB disruption following ischemic insult. Edema volumes and Cav-1 expression levels were measured following photothrombosis and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Endothelial cells that were transduced with a Cav-1 lentiviral expression vector were transplanted into rats...
September 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Stefania Biffi, Luca Petrizza, Chiara Garrovo, Enrico Rampazzo, Laura Andolfi, Pierangela Giustetto, Ivaylo Nikolov, Gabor Kurdi, Miltcho Boyanov Danailov, Giorgio Zauli, Paola Secchiero, Luca Prodi
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to develop nanoprobes with theranostic features, including - at the same time - photoacoustic, near-infrared (NIR) optical imaging, and photothermal properties, in a versatile and stable core-shell silica-polyethylene glycol (PEG) nanoparticle architecture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We synthesized core-shell silica-PEG nanoparticles by a one-pot direct micelles approach. Fluorescence emission and photoacoustic and photothermal properties were obtained at the same time by appropriate doping with triethoxysilane-derivatized cyanine 5...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Moran Golan, Valeria Feinshtein, Ayelet David
The key for successful gene silencing is to design a safe and efficient siRNA delivery system for the transfer of therapeutic nucleic acids into the target cells. Here, we describe the design of hydrophilic N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer displaying multiple copies of octaarginine (R8) and its use in promoting the effective delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules intracellularly. Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled HPMA copolymer-bound R8 (P-R8-FITC) was synthesized with increasing R8 molar ratios (4 to 9...
October 1, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Z Li, Q Zhou, J Zhou, X Duan, J Zhu, T D Wang
Minimally-invasive surgery of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be limited by poor tumor visualization with white light. We demonstrate systemic administration of a Cy5.5-labeled peptide specific for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to target HCC in vivo in a mouse xenograft model. We attached a compact imaging module to the proximal end of a medical laparoscope to collect near-infrared fluorescence and reflectance images concurrently at 15 frames/sec. We measured a mean target-to-background ratio of 2...
September 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Xiaoyuan Liang, Wenting Shang, Chongwei Chi, Chaoting Zeng, Kun Wang, Chihua Fang, Qingshan Chen, Huiyu Liu, Yingfang Fan, Jie Tian
Recently, photothermal therapy (PTT) has become viewed as an ideal auxiliary therapeutic treatment for cancers. However, the development of safe, convenient, and highly effective photothermal agents remains a great challenge. In this study, we prepared single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) for PTT against breast tumors under the guidance of infrared fluorescent cyanines. Tumors were accurately located using near-infrared imaging (NIR) and then exposed to laser irradiation. Both the in vivo and in vitro results showed that the SWNTs have high stability and low cytotoxicity...
September 30, 2016: Cancer Letters
Chunbao Liu, Xiao Zhang, Yiling Song, Yichun Wang, Fengzhen Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Yongxue Zhang, Xiaoli Lan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early detection and evaluation of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque are important for risk stratification and timely intervention, and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1) assists in adhesion and recruitment of inflammatory cells to vulnerable lesions. We labeled a single-chain variable fragment (scFv) of VCAM1 with (99m)technetium ((99m)Tc) and fluorescent markers to investigate its potential utility in detecting vulnerable plaques in animal models of atherosclerosis...
September 13, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Jianbo Li, Baoliang Bao, Lei Liu, Xuemei Wang
Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging technology is a highly sensitive imaging modality and has been widely used in noninvasively studying the status of receptor expression in small animal models, with an appropriate NIRF probe targeting a specific receptor. In this report, Cy5.5-conjugated anti-CAIX monoclonal antibody (Mab-Cy5.5) was evaluated in athymic mice bearing HT-29 tumor xenografts in order to investigate the effect of conjugate on tumor targeting efficacy. In vitro binding studies showed that Mab-Cy5...
2016: BioMed Research International
Takahiro Osuga, Rishu Takimoto, Michihiro Ono, Masahiro Hirakawa, Makoto Yoshida, Yutaka Okagawa, Naoki Uemura, Yohei Arihara, Yasushi Sato, Fumito Tamura, Tsutomu Sato, Satoshi Iyama, Koji Miyanishi, Kohichi Takada, Tsuyoshi Hayashi, Masayoshi Kobune, Junji Kato
BACKGROUND: Fucose is utilized for the modification of different molecules involved in blood group determination, immunological reactions, and signal transduction pathways. We have recently reported that enhanced activity of the fucosyltransferase 3 and/or 6 promoted TGF-ß-mediated epithelial mesenchymal transition and was associated with increased metastatic potential of colorectal cancer (CRC), suggesting that fucose is required by CRC cells. With this in mind, we examined requirement of L-fucose in CRC cells and developed fucose-bound nanoparticles as vehicles for delivery of anticancer drugs specific to CRC...
September 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Chi Soo Kang, Siyuan Ren, Xiang Sun, Hyun-Soon Chong
Iron chelation therapy has been recognized as a promising antitumor therapeutic strategy. Herein we report a novel theranostic agent for targeted iron chelation therapy and near-infrared (NIR) optical imaging of cancers. The theranostic agent was prepared by incorporation of a polyaminocarboxylate-based cytotoxic chelating agent (N-NE3TA; 7-[2-[(carboxymethyl)amino]ethyl]-1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4-diacetic acid) and a NIR fluorescent cyanine dye (Cy5.5) onto a tumor-targeting transferrin (Tf). The N-NE3TA-Tf conjugate (without Cy5...
October 6, 2016: ChemMedChem
Dwi L Priwitaningrum, Jean-Baptiste G Blondé, Adithya Sridhar, Joop van Baarlen, Wim E Hennink, Gert Storm, Séverine Le Gac, Jai Prakash
Nanoparticle penetration through tumor tissue after extravasation is considered as a key issue for tumor distribution and therapeutic effects. Most tumors possess abundant stroma, a fibrotic tissue composed of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and extracellular matrix (ECM), which acts as a barrier for nanoparticle penetration. There is however a lack of suitable in vitro systems to study the tumor stroma penetration of nanoparticles. In the present study, we developed and thoroughly characterized a 3D co-culture spheroidal array to mimic tumor stroma and investigated the penetration of silica and PLGA nanoparticles in these spheroids...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Daoqing Fan, Xiaoqing Zhu, Qingfeng Zhai, Erkang Wang, Shaojun Dong
In this work, the effective fluorescence quenching ability of polydopamine nanotubes (PDANTs) toward various fluorescent dyes was studied and further applied to fluorescent biosensing for the first time. The PDANTs could quench the fluorophores with different emission frequencies, aminomethylcoumarin acetate (AMCA), 6-carboxyfluorescein (FAM), 6-carboxytetramethylrhodamine (TAMRA), and Cy5. All the quenching efficiencies reached to more than 97%. Taking advantage of PDANTs' different affinities toward ssDNA and dsDNA and utilizing the complex of FAM-labeled ssDNA and PDANTs as a sensing platform, we achieved highly sensitive and selective detection of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) DNA and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) assisted with Exonuclease III amplification...
September 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Xiaozhou Fan, Yanli Guo, Luofu Wang, Xingyu Xiong, Lianhua Zhu, Kejing Fang
In this study, the lipid targeted nanobubble carrying the A10-3.2 aptamer against prostate specific membrane antigen was fabricated, and its effect in the ultrasound imaging of prostate cancer was investigated. Materials including 2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidic acid, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol, carboxyl-modified 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine, and polyethyleneglycol-2000 were for mechanical oscillation, and nanobubbles were obtained through the centrifugal flotation method...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Thomas Bordenave, Marion Helle, Fabrice Beau, Dimitris Georgiadis, Livia Tepshi, Mylène Bernes, Ye Yunpeng, Laure Levenez, Enora Poquet, Herve Nozach, Mahmoud Razavian, Jakub Toczek, Enrico Adriano Stura, Vincent Dive, Mehran M Sadeghi, Laurent Devel
In designing new tracers consisting of a small-peptide conjugated to a reporter of comparable size, particular attention needs to be paid to the selection of the reporter group which can dictate both the in vitro and in vivo performances of the whole conjugate. In the case of fluorescent tracers, this is particularly true given the large numbers of available dye moieties differing in their structures and properties. Here, we have investigated the in vitro and in vivo properties of a novel series of MMP-12 selective probes composed of cyanine dyes varying in their structure, net charge and hydrophilic character, tethered through a linker to a potent and specific MMP-12 phosphinic pseudo peptide inhibitor...
August 26, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Jing Liu, Yuan-Qiang Sun, Hongxing Zhang, Heping Shi, Yawei Shi, Wei Guo
Given the wavelength dependence of tissue transparency and the requirement for sufficiently low background autofluorescence, the development of fluorescent dyes with excitation and emission maxima beyond 700 nm is highly desired, but it is a challenging task. Herein, a new class of fluorescent dyes, named sulfone-rhodamines (SO2Rs), was developed on the basis of the one-atom replacement of the rhodamine 10-position O atom by a sulfone group. Such a modification makes their absorption and emission maxima surprisingly reach up to 700-710 and 728-752 nm, respectively, much longer than their O-, C-, and Si-rhodamine analogs, due to the unusual d*-π* conjugation...
September 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Linping Hu, Xiuxiu Yin, Jiangman Sun, Anders Zetterberg, Weimin Miao, Tao Cheng
Multi-gene detection at the single-cell level is desirable to enable more precise genotyping of heterogeneous hematology and oncology samples. This study aimed to establish a single-cell multi-gene fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method for use in molecular pathology analyses. Five fluorochromes were used to label different FISH gene probes, and 5 genes were detected using a five-color FISH protocol. After the first hybridization, the previous FISH probe set was stripped, and a second set of five-color FISH probes was used for rehybridization...
June 23, 2016: Oncotarget
Mengjie Liu, Rachel R Richardson, Simon J Mountford, Lei Zhang, Matheus H Tempone, Herbert Herzog, Nicholas D Holliday, Philip E Thompson
Traceable truncated Neuropeptide Y (NPY) analogues with Y1 receptor (Y1R) affinity and selectivity are highly desirable tools in studying receptor location, regulation, and biological functions. A range of fluorescently labeled analogues of a reported Y1R/Y4R preferring ligand BVD-15 have been prepared and evaluated using high content imaging techniques. One peptide, [Lys(2)(sCy5), Arg(4)]BVD-15, was characterized as an Y1R antagonist with a pKD of 7.2 measured by saturation analysis using fluorescent imaging...
September 21, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
I V Kudryavtsev, M K Serebryakova, A A Totolyan
The study was carried out to develop standard indicators of relative and absolute content of main populations of T-helpers in peripheral blood of conditionally healthy donors. The examination was implemented to sampling of 52 healthy individuals (29 males and 23 females) aged 18-65 years (median is 30 years). The multicolor cytofluorimetric analysis was applied using panel of following antibodies: CD45RA-FITC, CD62L-PE, CCR4-PerCP/Cy5.5; CCR6-PE/Cy7, CXCR3-APC, CD3-APC-AF750, CD4-Pacific Blue and CXCR5-Brilliant Violet 510TM...
March 2016: Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika
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