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Zixian Li, Andre Luis Branco de Barros, Daniel Cristian Ferreira Soares, Sara Nicole Moss, Laleh Alisaraie
The unique properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) enable them to play important roles in many fields. One of their functional roles is to transport cargo into the cell. SWNTs are able to traverse amphipathic cell membranes due to their large surface area, flexible interactions with cargo, customizable dimensions, and surface chemistry. The cargoes delivered by SWNTs include peptides, proteins, nucleic acids, as well as drug molecules for therapeutic purpose. The drug delivery functions of SWNTs have been explored over the past decade...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Shuhei Yoshida, Ya Feng, Clement Delacou, Taiki Inoue, Rong Xiang, Reo Kometani, Shohei Chiashi, Esko Kauppinen, Shigeo Maruyama
The thermal transport properties of random-network, single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) films were assessed using Raman spectroscopy. Two types of SWNT films were investigated: single-layer and stacked. The single-layer films were fabricated by aerosol chemical vapour deposition and subsequent direct dry-deposition, while the stacked films were prepared by placing the single-layer films on top of one another. The anisotropy of the network structures of each of these films was evaluated based on the angular dependence of the optical absorbance spectra...
March 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
Theerapol Thurakitseree, Christian Kramberger, Pisith Singjai, Shigeo Maruyama
Structure control such as diameter changes along single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) can be achieved in arrays of vertically aligned (VA-) SWNTs by switching the feedstock during growth. The local nature of the macroscopic transition from one diameter to another is then questioned as one can either envisage seamless transitions or discontinuous individual SWNTs. Here, we demonstrate that encapsulated molecules can serve as markers to doubtlessly identify seamless interconnections in macroscopic samples. A migration of nitrogen molecules inside the continuous SWNTs is observed using bulk scale measurements on double-layered SWNT arrays synthesized from different carbon/nitrogen feedstocks...
March 7, 2017: Nanoscale
Linda Chio, Darwin Yang, Markita Landry
Surface engineering of nanoparticles has recently emerged as a promising technique for synthetic molecular recognition of biological analytes. In particular, the use of synthetic heteropolymers adsorbed onto the surface of a nanoparticle can yield selective detection of a molecular target. Synthetic molecular recognition has unique advantages in leveraging the photostability, versatility, and exceptional chemical stability of nanomaterials. In particular, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) exhibit a large Stokes shift and near infrared emission for maximum biological sample transparency...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Meihui Li, Xiyan Liu, Xiulan Zhao, Feng Yang, Xiao Wang, Yan Li
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) have shown great potential in various applications attributed to their unique structures and outstanding structure-dependent properties. The structure-controlled growth of SWNTs is a crucial issue for their advanced applications and has been a great challenge in this field for two decades. Metal catalyst-mediated SWNT growth is believed to be very efficient. In this review, progresses in diameter and chirality controlled growth of SWNTs with metal catalysts is summarized from several aspects, including growth mechanism and theory, effects of catalysts, and the chemical vapor deposition conditions...
April 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
Murat Tonga, Lang Wei, Patrick S Taylor, Eugene Wilusz, Ljiljana Korugic-Karasz, Frank E Karasz, Paul M Lahti
Free-standing iodine-doped composite samples of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV) with carbon nanotubes (NTs) showed thermoelectric (TE) power factors (PFs) up to 33 μW·m(-1)·K(-2) after optimizing multiple factors, including: (1) sample fabrication solvent, (2) doping time, (3) average MEH-PPV molecular weight, (4) NT fraction in the composite, and (5) use of single-wall versus multi-wall nanotubes (SWNT and MWNT, respectively). Composite fabrication from halogenated solvents gave the best TE performance after iodine doping times of 2-4 h; performance drops substantially in ∼20 h doped samples...
March 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yilei Wang, Suresh Kumar Raman Pillai, Jianfei Che, Mary B Chan-Park
To improve the interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) of carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composite, networks of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were grown on micron-sized carbon fibers and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were dispersed into the epoxy matrix so that these two types of carbon nanotubes entangle at the carbon fiber (CF)/epoxy matrix interface. The MWNTs on the CF fiber (CF-MWNTs) were grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD), while the single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were finely dispersed in the epoxy matrix precursor with the aid of a dispersing agent polyimide-graft-bisphenol A diglyceryl acrylate (PI-BDA) copolymer...
March 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yu Ishibashi, Shusuke Oura, Kazuo Umemura
We examined the adsorption of DNA binding proteins on functionalized, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). When SWNTs were functionalized with polyethylene glycol (PEG-SWNT), moderate adsorption of protein molecules was observed. In contrast, nanotubes functionalized with CONH2 groups (CONH2-SWNT) exhibited very strong interactions between the CONH2-SWNT and DNA binding proteins. Instead, when these SWNT surfaces were wrapped with DNA molecules (thymine 30-mers), protein binding was a little decreased. Our results revealed that DNA wrapped PEG-SWNT was one of the most promising candidates to realize DNA nanodevices involving protein reactions on DNA-SWNT surfaces...
February 15, 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
Shuchen Zhang, Lixing Kang, Xiao Wang, Lianming Tong, Liangwei Yang, Zequn Wang, Kuo Qi, Shibin Deng, Qingwen Li, Xuedong Bai, Feng Ding, Jin Zhang
The semiconductor industry is increasingly of the view that Moore's law-which predicts the biennial doubling of the number of transistors per microprocessor chip-is nearing its end. Consequently, the pursuit of alternative semiconducting materials for nanoelectronic devices, including single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), continues. Arrays of horizontal nanotubes are particularly appealing for technological applications because they optimize current output. However, the direct growth of horizontal SWNT arrays with controlled chirality, that would enable the arrays to be adapted for a wider range of applications and ensure the uniformity of the fabricated devices, has not yet been achieved...
February 15, 2017: Nature
Wensong Li, Tuanjie Du, Jinglong Lan, Changlei Guo, Yongjie Cheng, Huiying Xu, Chunhui Zhu, Fengqiu Wang, Zhengqian Luo, Zhiping Cai
We experimentally demonstrated a compact single-wall carbon-nanotube (SWNT)-based deep-red passively Q-switched Pr<sup>3+</sup>-doped ZBLAN all-fiber laser operating at 716 nm. A free-standing SWNT/polyvinyl alcohol composite film embedded between a pair of fiber connectors was employed as a saturable absorber (SA). The deep-red Q-switched operation is attributed to the combination of implementing a pair of fiber end-facet mirrors to achieve the linear laser resonator and incorporating a SWNT-SA into the cavity as a Q-switcher...
February 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Debanjan Polley, Animesh Patra, Anjan Barman, Rajib Kumar Mitra
We report the controllable conductivity of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes with their surface walls decorated by gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with varying concentration in terahertz (THz) frequency range. Colloidal Au NPs of nominal diameter ∼15  nm are synthesized by the reduction of gold chloride solution using tri-sodium citrate. A simple chemical route is followed to attach Au NPs on the surfaces of both types of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The attachment of Au NPs on the sidewalls of CNTs is confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope images...
February 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Jackson T Del Bonis-O'Donnell, Abraham Beyene, Linda Chio, Gözde Demirer, Darwin Yang, Markita P Landry
Semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are a class of optically active nanomaterial that fluoresce in the near infrared, coinciding with the optical window where biological samples are most transparent. Here, we outline techniques to adsorb amphiphilic polymers and polynucleic acids onto the surface of SWNTs to engineer their corona phases and create novel molecular sensors for small molecules and proteins. These functionalized SWNT sensors are both biocompatible and stable. Polymers are adsorbed onto the nanotube surface either by direct sonication of SWNTs and polymer or by suspending SWNTs using a surfactant followed by dialysis with polymer...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Chunyue Miao, Ruihan Bai, Shujuan Xu, Tingting Hong, Yibing Ji
Carboxylated single-walled carbon nanotubes (c-SWNTs) were incorporated into poly(glycidylmethacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) [poly(GMA-co-EDMA)] monoliths to develop a novel monolithic stationary phase for capillary electrochromatography. The prepared monoliths were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen adsorption. Additionally, pepsin, which is a chiral selector, was bonded to the c-SWNT-incorporated monoliths via epoxide groups as reactive sites and glutaraldehyde as the spacer...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Feng Yang, Xiao Wang, Jia Si, Xiulan Zhao, Kuo Qi, Chuanhong Jin, Zeyao Zhang, Meihui Li, Daqi Zhang, Juan Yang, Zhiyong Zhang, Zhi Xu, Lian-Mao Peng, Xuedong Bai, Yan Li
Semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (s-SWNTs) with diameters of 1.0-1.5 nm (with similar bandgap to crystalline silicon) are highly desired for nanoelectronics. Up to date, the highest reported content of s-SWNTs as-grown is ∼97%, which is still far below the daunting requirements of high-end applications. Herein, we report a feasible and green pathway to use H2O vapor to modulate the structure of the intermetallic W6Co7 nanocrystals. By using the resultant W6Co7 nanocatalysts with a high percentage of (1 0 10) planes as structural templates, we realized the direct growth of s-SWNT with the purity of ∼99%, in which ∼97% is (14,4) tubes (diameter 1...
January 24, 2017: ACS Nano
Azadeh Hashem Nia, Hossein Eshghi, Kalil Abnous, Mohammad Ramezani
A series of polyethylenimine conjugates of single-walled carbon nanotube (PEI-SWNT) containing bioreducible disulfide bonds was synthesized and evaluated for their transfection efficiency. Different molecular weights of polyethylenimine (PEI) were thiolated with different mole ratio of 2-iminothiolane (2-IT). Single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) was first carboxylated and then three different cysteine-functionalized SWNT formulations were synthesized via introduced linkers: a) carbonyl group b) spermidine c) 1,8-diamino 3,6-dioxo octane...
March 30, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Craig A Milroy, Seonpil Jang, Toshihiko Fujimori, Ananth Dodabalapur, Arumugam Manthiram
Improved thin-film microbatteries are needed to provide appropriate energy-storage options to power the multitude of devices that will bring the proposed "Internet of Things" network to fruition (e.g., active radio-frequency identification tags and microcontrollers for wearable and implantable devices). Although impressive efforts have been made to improve the energy density of 3D microbatteries, they have all used low energy-density lithium-ion chemistries, which present a fundamental barrier to miniaturization...
January 11, 2017: Small
Jing Wang, Fang Fang, Tao Yuan, Junhe Yang, Liang Chen, Chi Yao, Shiyou Zheng, Dalin Sun
A unique 3D graphene-single walled carbon nanotube (G-SWNT) aerogel anchored with SnO2 nanoparticles (SnO2@G-SWCNT) is fabricated by the hydrothermal self-assembly process. The influences of mass ratio of SWCNT to graphene on structure and electrochemical properties of SnO2@G-SWCNT are investigated systematically. The SnO2@G-SWCNT composites show excellent electrochemical performance in Li-ion batteries; for instance, at a current density of 100 mA g(-1), a specific capacity of 758 mAh g(-1) was obtained for the SnO2@G-SWCNT with 50% SWCNT in G-SWCNT and the Coulombic efficiency is close to 100% after 200 cycles; even at current density of 1 A g(-1), it can still maintain a stable specific capacity of 537 mAh g(-1) after 300 cycles...
February 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yifan Li, Yi Zhou, Xuyan Zhou, Long Wang, Hui Li
Molecular dynamics simulation has been employed to study the encapsulation of boron nitride-graphene nanoribbons (BNCNRs) in a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT). The simulation results show that a helical BNCNR with large curvature can uncoil repeatedly and spontaneously in the SWNT, like the unwinding of the DNA in the nucleus. The uncoiling of the BNCNRs is accompanied by a system energy exchange between non-bonding energy and elastic potential energy due to the competition between the induction of graphene nanoribbon (GNR) segments and the resistance of boron nitride nanoribbon (BNNR) segments...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Joon Hyub Kim, Min-Jung Song, Ki Beom Kim, Joon-Hyung Jin, Nam Ki Min
The effect of cleaning the surface of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) networks by thermal and the O₂ plasma treatments is presented in terms of NH₃ gas sensing characteristics. The goal of this work is to determine the relationship between the physicochemical properties of the cleaned surface (including the chemical composition, crystal structure, hydrophilicity, and impurity content) and the sensitivity of the SWNT network films to NH₃ gas. The SWNT networks are spray-deposited on pre-patterned Pt electrodes, and are further functionalized by heating on a programmable hot plate or by O₂ plasma treatment in a laboratory-prepared plasma chamber...
December 30, 2016: Sensors
Zi-He Jin, Yan-Ling Liu, Jing-Jing Chen, Si-Liang Cai, Jia-Quan Xu, Wei-Hua Huang
Carbon nanotube (CNT)-based flexible sensors have been intensively developed for physical sensing. However, great challenges remain in fabricating stretchable CNT films with high electrochemical performance for real-time chemical sensing, due to large sheet resistance of CNT film and further resistance increase caused by separation between each CNT during stretching. Herein, we develop a facile and versatile strategy to construct single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs)-based stretchable and transparent electrochemical sensors, by coating and binding each SWNT with conductive polymer...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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