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Maria Chernysheva, Mohammed Al Araimi, Graham A Rance, Nicola J Weston, Baogui Shi, Sayah Saied, John L Sullivan, Nicholas Marsh, Aleksey Rozhin
Composites of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and water-soluble polymers (WSP) are the focus of significant worldwide research due to a number of applications in biotechnology and photonics, particularly for ultrashort pulse generation. Despite the unique possibility of constructing non-linear optical SWNT-WSP composites with controlled optical properties, their thermal degradation threshold and limit of operational power remain unexplored. In this study, we discover the nature of the SWNT-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) film thermal degradation and evaluate the modification of the composite properties under continuous high-power ultrashort pulse laser operation...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hyeri Kim, Jongsoon Kim, Hee-Sung Jeong, Hyungsub Kim, Hoyeon Lee, Jae-Min Ha, Sung-Min Choi, Tae-Ho Kim, Yoon-Chae Nah, Tae Joo Shin, Joona Bang, Sushil K Satija, Jaseung Koo
We demonstrate that hybrid structures of graphene and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are precisely controlled at the liquid-gas interface. The functionalized SWNT Langmuir monolayers anchor single-layer graphene nanosheets (GNSs) suspended in water via Coulomb interaction at the interface. This GNS/SWNT hybrid multilayer electrode can be a promising anode material for Li-ion batteries, offering high specific capacity, outstanding power capability, and excellent cyclability.
May 4, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jing-Quan Sha, Xi-Ya Yang, Yanyan Chen, Pei-Pei Zhu, Yufei Song, Jianzhuang Jiang
Two new polyoxometalate-based three-dimensional metal organic carbene frameworks, [Ag10(trz)4(H2O)2][HPW12O40] (POMs@MCNCs-1) and [Ag10(trz)4(H2O)6][H2SiW12O40] (POMs@MCNCs-2), were hydrothermally synthesized, in which Keggin-type polyoxoanions as templates induce the formation of two different kinds of metal-carbene nanocages (MCNCs) for the first time. Combination of the reversible multi-electron redox behavior and electron storage functions of POMs with the good electrical conductivity of the single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) renders the POMs@MCNCs-1/SWNT composite excellent electrochemical performacne and good stability as anode materials of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), with the discharge capacities of up to 2000 mAh g-1 for the first discharge capacity and ca...
April 26, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Daquan Wang, Lingjie Meng, Zhaofu Fei, Chen Hou, Jiangang Long, Leli Zeng, Paul J Dyson, Peng Huang
Multi-layered single-walled carbon nanotubes, termed SWNT@BSA@Au-S-PEG-FA@DOX, which integrate photothermal therapy with small molecule drug delivery, were prepared using a facile layer-by-layer assembly process. Oxidized and cut single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were coated with bovine serum albumin (BSA) to provide abundant active sites for the nucleation of Au seeds, which are subsequently converted into gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) by in situ reduction. The resulting SWNT@BSA@Au material exhibits ideal photothermal properties...
April 25, 2018: Nanoscale
Linxiang He, Chengzhu Liao, Sie Chin Tjong
Recent development in liquid-phase processing of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has revealed rod-coating as a promising approach for large-scale production of SWNT-based transparent conductors. Of great importance in the ink formulation is the stabilizer having excellent dispersion stability, environmental friendly and tunable rheology in the liquid state, and also can be readily removed to enhance electrical conductivity and mechanical stability. Herein we demonstrate the promise of graphene oxide (GO) as a synergistic stabilizer for SWNTs in water...
April 7, 2018: Nanomaterials
Jian Zhang, Ya Deng, Xiao Hu, Jean Pierre Nshimiyimana, Siyu Liu, Xiannian Chi, Pei Wu, Fengliang Dong, Peipei Chen, Weiguo Chu, Haiqing Zhou, Lianfeng Sun
Nanogap engineering of low-dimensional nanomaterials has received considerable interest in a variety of fields, ranging from molecular electronics to memories. Creating nanogaps at a certain position is of vital importance for the repeatable fabrication of the devices. Here, a rational design of nonvolatile memories based on sub-5 nm nanogaped single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) via the electromechanical motion is reported. The nanogaps are readily realized by electroburning in a partially suspended SWNT device with nanoscale region...
February 2018: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Hui Wang, Yang Liu, Gang Liu
The article describes a reusable biosensor for Pb(II) ions. A duplex DNA with a terminal amino group and containing a G-quadruplex (G4) aptamer was covalently conjugated to single walled carbon nanotubes on a field effect transistor (FET). The detection scheme is based on the despiralization of the DNA duplex because Pb(II) can induce the G4 aptamer to form a stabilizing G4/Pb(II) complex. This structural change affects the electrical conductivity of SWNTs which serves as the analytical signal. The biosensor was characterized via scanning electron microscopy, Raman, UV-vis, and voltage-current profiles...
January 29, 2018: Mikrochimica Acta
Nathaniel E Kallmyer, Joseph Musielwicz, Joel Sutter, Nigel Forest Reuel
Hydrolytic enzymes are a topic of continual study and improvement due to their industrial impact and biological implications; however, the ability to measure the activity of these enzymes, especially in high-throughput assays, is limited to an established, few enzymes and often involves the measurement of secondary byproducts or the design of a complex degradation probe. Herein, a versatile single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT)-based biosensor that is straightforward to produce and measure is described. The hydrolytic enzyme substrate is rendered as an amphiphilic polymer which is then used to solubilize the hydrophobic nanotubes...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Yo Han Kwon, Krysten Minnici, Jung Jin Park, Sujin R Lee, Guoyan Zhang, Esther S Takeuchi, Kenneth J Takeuchi, Amy C Marschilok, Elsa Reichmanis
Conjugated polymers possessing polar functionalities were shown to effectively anchor single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) to the surface of high-capacity anode materials and enable the formation of electrical networks. Specifically, poly[3-(potassium-4-butanoate) thiophene] (PPBT) served as a bridge between SWNT networks and various anode materials, including monodispersed Fe3 O4 spheres (sFe3 O4 ) and silicon nanoparticles (Si NPs). The PPBT π-conjugated backbone and carboxylate (COO-) substituted alkyl side chains, respectively, attracted the SWNT π-electron surface and chemically interacted with active material surface hydroxyl (-OH) species to form a carboxylate bond...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Darya Alizadeh, Ethan E White, Teresa C Sanchez, Shunan Liu, Leying Zhang, Behnam Badie, Jacob M Berlin
Even when treated with aggressive current therapies, patients with glioblastoma usually survive less than two years and exhibit a high rate of recurrence. CpG is an oligonucleotide that activates the innate immune system via Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) activation. Injection of CpG into glioblastoma tumors showed promise as an immunotherapy in mouse models but proved disappointing in human trials. One aspect of glioma that is not addressed by CpG therapy alone is the highly invasive nature of glioma cells, which is associated with resistance to radiation and chemotherapy...
May 16, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Felix J Berger, Thomas M Higgins, Marcel Rother, Arko Graf, Yuriy Zakharko, Sybille Allard, Maik Matthiesen, Jan M Gotthardt, Ullrich Scherf, Jana Zaumseil
Dense layers of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) serve as electrochromic (EC) materials in the near-infrared with high optical density and high conductivity. EC cells with tunable notch filter properties instead of broadband absorption are created via highly selective dispersion of specific semiconducting SWNTs through polymer-wrapping followed by deposition of thick films by aerosol-jet printing. A simple planar geometry with spray-coated mixed SWNTs as the counter electrode renders transparent metal oxides redundant and facilitates complete bleaching within a few seconds through iongel electrolytes with high ionic conductivities...
April 4, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Tongfang Xiao, Yanan Jiang, Wenliang Ji, Lanqun Mao
The unique electronic and chemical structures of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have well enabled their applications in electrochemistry and electroanalytical chemistry; however, the difficulty in reproducibly confining CNTs onto substrate electrodes, particularly onto microelectrodes, still remains to be addressed. In this study, we develop a method to reproducibly confine single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) onto carbon fiber microelectrodes (CFEs) with electrophoretic deposition (EPD) for in vivo measurement of ascorbate...
April 3, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Siyu Liu, Jian Zhang, Jean Pierre Nshimiyimana, Xiannian Chi, Xiao Hu, Pei Wu, Jia Liu, Gongtang Wang, Lianfeng Sun
In this work, we report an effective technique of fabricating ultraclean individual suspended single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) transistors. The surface tension of molten silver is utilized to suspend an individual SWNT between a pair of Pd electrodes during annealing treatment. This approach avoids the usage and the residues of organic resist attached to SWNTs, resulting ultraclean SWNT devices. And the resistance per micrometer of suspended SWNTs is found to be smaller than that of non-suspended SWNTs, indicating the effect of the substrate on the electrical properties of SWNTs...
April 27, 2018: Nanotechnology
David G Calatayud, Haobo Ge, Navaratnarajah Kuganathan, Vincenzo Mirabello, Robert M J Jacobs, Nicholas H Rees, Craig T Stoppiello, Andrei N Khlobystov, Rex M Tyrrell, Enrico Da Como, Sofia I Pascu
The encapsulation of CdSe nanocrystals within single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) cavities of varying dimensions at elevated temperatures under strictly air-tight conditions is described for the first time. The structures of CdSe nanocrystals under confinement inside SWNTs was established in a comprehensive study, combining both experimental and DFT theoretical investigations. The calculated binding energies show that all considered polymorphs [(3:3), (4:4), and (4:2)] may be obtained experimentally. The most thermodynamically stable structure (3:3) is directly compared to the experimentally observed CdSe structures inside carbon nanotubes...
February 2018: ChemistryOpen
Dewu Lin, Shuchen Zhang, Zhe Zheng, Wenping Hu, Jin Zhang
Direct growth of chirality-controlled single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with metal catalyst free strategy, like cloning or epitaxial growth, has suffered from the low efficiency. The underlying problem is the activation of seed edge. Here an unexpectedly efficient microwave-assisted pathway to regenerate SWNTs from carbon fragments on SiO2 /Si substrate is demonstrated via Raman spectroscopy and atomic force microscope (AFM) characterization. In this attempt, microwave irradiation provides fast heating to remove polar groups bonded to carbon nanotubes and reduce the spontaneous closure of tubes' open ends...
April 2018: Small
Il Jeon, Yutaka Matsuo, Shigeo Maruyama
Photovoltaics, more generally known as solar cells, are made from semiconducting materials that convert light into electricity. Solar cells have received much attention in recent years due to their promise as clean and efficient light-harvesting devices. Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) could play a crucial role in these devices and have been the subject of much research, which continues to this day. SWNTs are known to outperform multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) at low densities, because of the difference in their optical transmittance for the same current density, which is the most important parameter in comparing SWNTs and MWNTs...
January 22, 2018: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
Linda Grabill, Andreas Riemann
A study of π-π interactions between a (7,7) single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) and three different aromatic amino acids (AAA), namely l-tyrosine (Tyr), l-tryptophan (Trp), and l-phenylalanine (Phe) was conducted with a molecular mechanics (MM) approach. For each of the amino acids we investigated the behavior of six different conformers. We examined the impact of the so-called edge effects by testing the parameters of the built-in switching function in MM. We found the optimal SWNT length to be approximately 80 Å for the size of the molecules in our conformational studies...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Yusong Bai, Jean-Hubert Olivier, George Bullard, Chaoren Liu, Michael J Therien
The trion, a three-body charge-exciton bound state, offers unique opportunities to simultaneously manipulate charge, spin, and excitation in one-dimensional single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) at room temperature. Effective exploitation of trion quasi-particles requires fundamental insight into their creation and decay dynamics. Such knowledge, however, remains elusive for SWNT trion states, due to the electronic and morphological heterogeneity of commonly interrogated SWNT samples, and the fact that transient spectroscopic signals uniquely associated with the trion state have not been identified...
January 23, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mohammadali Sheikholeslam, Scott D Wheeler, Keely G Duke, Mungo Marsden, Mark Pritzker, P Chen
The use of hybrid self-assembling peptide (EFK8)-carbon nanotube (SWNT) hydrogels for tissue engineering and in vitro 3D cancer spheroid formation is reported. These hybrid hydrogels are shown to enhance the attachment, spreading, proliferation and movement of NIH-3T3 cells relative to that observed using EFK8-only hydrogels. After five days, ∼30% more cells are counted when the hydrogel contains SWNTs. Also, 3D encapsulation of these cells when injected in hydrogels does not adversely affect their behavior...
March 15, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
A Jeantet, Y Chassagneux, T Claude, J S Lauret, C Voisin
At cryogenic temperatures, the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of nano-emitters may still be significantly broadened due to interactions with the environment. The interplay of spectral diffusion (SD) and phonon broadening in this context is still a debated issue. Singlewall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are a particularly relevant system to address this topic as they show intense spectral diffusion and undergo a high exciton-phonon coupling due to their one-dimensional geometry. Here, we investigate the correlations between the spectral diffusion of the main line and that of the wings in SWNTs quantitatively and demonstrate that the photoluminescence spectrum undergoes spectral jumps as a whole, without distortions...
January 3, 2018: Nanoscale
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