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Dariush Dfarhud, Maryam Malmir, Mohammad Khanahmadi
Happiness underlying factors are considerable from two dimensions: endogenic factors (biological, cognitive, personality and ethical sub-factors) and exogenic factors (behavioral, socialcultural, economical, geographical, life events and aesthetics sub-factors). Among all endogenic factors, biological sub-factors are the significant predictors of happiness. Existence of significant differences in temperament and happiness of infants is an indicator of biological influences. Therefore, this study aimed to consider biological factors that underlie happiness...
November 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Grzegorz Mrugacz, Cezary Grygoruk, Piotr Sieczyński, Mirosław Grusza, Piotr Pietrewicz, Bartosz Pietrzycki
UNLABELLED: Dysmenorrhea is a common condition among women in childbearing age. An increased uterine contractions, resulting among others from increased vasopressin and oxitocin secretion, is considered as a main cause of the primary dysmenorrhea. The endogenous opioids play the important role in the control of oxytocin and vasopressin release from the pituitary gland. Naloxone is a selective opioid receptor antagonis. So far, there is not much data on naloxone effect on uterine contractions...
September 2013: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
F Maneschi, M Sarno, A Mosillo, M Parisella, F Gagliardi, M Algieri, S Perrone
AIM: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the feasibility of a protocol for the induction of delivery with slow-release dinoprostone in women with unfavourable cervix. METHODS: Indications for the induction were: pregnancy beyond 40 weeks, amniotic fluid index (AFI) <5, premature rupture of membranes, intrauterine growth retardation, or adverse maternal conditions. Eligibility criteria were: single pregnancy, cephalic presentation, Bishop Score <4, no previous uterine scar...
February 2012: Minerva Ginecologica
Ricardo Quiroga Díaz, Reynaldo Cantú Mata, Héctor E Tello Gutiérrez, Mireya Puente Villalobos, Rogelio Montemayor Garza, Araceli Martínez Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of misoprostol by intrauterine route for the prevention of the obstetrical hemorrhage and to know its effects collaterals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical and randomized test with 200 patients to those who one took place to them Caesarean. The Group A was applied placebo and the group B misoprostol (group B; 800 microg) intrauterine, after the birth of its newborns. The necessity of additional uterotonics was compared, loss of hemoglobin and hematocrit, and the effects collaterals...
October 2009: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Zsuzsa Aszalós
Connection between the central nervous system and the endocrine system is extremely complex. The hypothalamus serves as a crucial centre for the integration and coordination of autonomic functions by neuronal and hormonal pathways. It plays a central role in the homeostatic regulation of internal physiological conditions. It controls growth and reproduction, stress reactions, and determines rhythmicity, periodicity and timing of physiological processes. Beside its well-known functions, antidiuretic hormone has a role in social behavior as it enhances aggression via vasopressin receptor 1A...
April 22, 2007: Orvosi Hetilap
Marisela Maciel Martínez, José Angel López Farfán, Gloria Ramos Alvarez, Aurelio López Colombo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy and safety of oxitocin administered through umbilical vein after delivery to diminish the incidence of retained placenta, blood loss and third stage of labour. METHODOLOGY: A double blind, clinical trial was performed in which 64 women in labour, any age, with normal pregnancies, with gestational time between 37 to 42 weeks, were randomized to one of two groups. Group 1 received 10 UI of oxitocin (2 mL) diluted in 18 mL of saline solution through umbilical vein, immediately after delivery...
February 2006: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Jacek Sieńko, Krzysztof Czajkowski, Magdalena Swiatek-Zdzienicka, Romana Krawczyńska-Wichrzycka
OBJECTIVES: Epidural analgesia provides the most effective pain control during labor. Of great concern is its influence on the course of delivery and perinatal complications. DESIGN: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of epidural analgesia on the course of delivery and perinatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 609 deliveries among 1334 (323 women with epidural analgesia (53%) and 548 without epidural analgesia (47%)) met the following criteria: primipara, singleton, live pregnancy, > =37 weeks' gestation, cephalic presentation of a fetus, lack of contraindication for vaginal delivery...
October 2005: Ginekologia Polska
O M Abramzon, O V Bukharin, P P Kurlaev
Results of treatment of patients with acute pulmonary abscess, acute empyema of the pleura and pyopneumothorax were analyzed. The local treatment of the main group of patients consisting of 50 persons included oxitocin in combination with antiseptics and antibiotics which facilitated maximal reduction of the persistent potential of the pathogenic agent, its rapid elimination from the purulent focus and allowed to get better results using conservative therapy. The obtained clinical effect confirmed the experimental data on pronounced inhibition of persistent properties of the bacterial pathogens with the complexes "antibiotic-oxitocin"...
2004: Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova
M Juszczak, K Furykiewicz-Nykiś, B Stempniak
Present investigations were undertaken to study the influence of peptide NK-1 and NK-2 receptor agonists and antagonists as well as substance P and neurokinin A (the natural ligands for these tachykinin receptors) on oxytocin (OT) release from isolated rat hypothalamo-neurohypophysial (H-N) system as well as to determine whether the tachykinin NK-1 and/or NK-2 receptors contribute to the response of oxytocinergic neurons to melatonin. The results show, for the first time, that highly selective NK-1 receptor agonist, i...
December 2004: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
J G Eguiagaray, J Egea, J J Bravo-Cordero, A G García
In this article we show some recent findings that constitute a great progress in the molecular knowledge of synaptic dynamics. To communicate, neurons use a code that includes electrical (action potentials) and chemical signals (neurotransmitters, neuromodulators). At the moment a great variety of molecules are known, whose neurotransmitter function in brain and the peripheral nervous system are out of question. Monoamines like acetylcholine, dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, histamine, serotonin, glutamate, aspartate, glycine, ATP and GABA are good examples...
April 2004: Neurocirugía
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 1961: Orvosi Hetilap
B Toth, A Becker, B Seelbach-Göbel
Pre- and postductal arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) rates were measured in 50 healthy vaginally delivered newborn infants to establish reference values of SpO2 rates immediately after birth. We compared the SpO2 values in the pre- and postductal areas and assessed the influence of oxitocin and analgetics applied during delivery. Fifty neonates were examined by the 2nd minute (min) of life using Nellcor N-3000 pulse oximeters on the right hand and foot. Measurements were carried out until a SpO2 of 95% was achieved...
April 2002: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Z Studziński, D Branicka
OBJECTIVES: Acute puerperal uterine inversion is a rare but very feared obstetrical complication. It determines an almost immediate shock and serious metrorrhagia. It is a introflexion of parietes uteri which takes place during the third stage of labor or during the first hours of puerperium. It can be distinguished in inversion of I, II or III degree according to the zone concerned by the introflexion: only the fundus of the uterus, all the corpus emerging in the vagina or the entirety of the uterus coming out from the vulvar orifice...
November 2001: Ginekologia Polska
J Lira Plascencia, C Arteaga Gómez, H Kourchenko Raab, M Zambrana Castañeda, I Coria Soto, F Ibargüengoitia Ochoa, L Simón Pereyra
The study was performed in order to establish the obstetric factors that influence survival of newborns whose birth weight is under 1000 g. All medical records of babies with such birth weight, born alive at the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología in Mexico City during the period from 1991 to 1996 were revised. Babies with congenital malformations, cromomosomopathies or those who after birth were referred to another medical center were excluded. Survival status was used to form two study groups: those who were discharged alive and those who died during their hospital stay...
June 2000: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Iu A Tolkunov, G B Balakina, A G Markov
Histological studies revealed that the mammary gland nipple have smooth muscle fibres along the nipple channel. These fibres infiltrate the connective tissue parallel to the skin. The ring muscles are not obvious. Delays in the milk excretion in mice may be due to specifics of allocation and functioning of the nipple smooth muscles. To obtain milk, a mechanical action upon the nipple and a synchronised release of oxitocin into the blood are necessary.
February 2000: Rossiĭskii Fiziologicheskiĭ Zhurnal Imeni I.M. Sechenova
A Guzman Sánchez, N Alfaro Alfaro, J F Pérez García, A Martín de Alba
Because of the main justification for practicing a cesarean section is due to a previous cesarean and the rasing rates frequency of this operation, we concluded a descriptive and prospective investigation in order to analize the factibility and security of vaginal delivery after one cesarean section. We include 1000 patients with a past history of one previous cesarean section and with the following main characteristics: normal evaluation of the actual pregnancy and a gestational age of at least 36 weeks of pregnancy, no pelvis stenosis and a normal fetal status...
August 1998: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
S Lurie, D Rabinerson, M Feinstein, Y Mamet
The conventional treatment for arrest of protracted active phase dilatation is amniotomy and oxitocin. This kind of labor dystocia is associated with an increased incidence in Cesarean delivery. We describe the use of cervical balloon after amniotomy for protracted active phase dilatation. We have used this approach in five parturients. All five patients had a spontaneous vaginal delivery. Intrapartum cervical balloon in patients with dysfunctional labor may reduce the need for Cesarean delivery.
1998: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
E Torres Magret, R Sánchez Batista, A M Ramírez Pellicer, A I Deulofeu Betancourt
Two induced labor methods, the venoclysis with oxitocin and the self-stimulation of the nipples, were comparatively evaluated in 2 groups of pregnant women (80) admitted at the Eastern Gyneco-obstetric and Teaching Hospital in Santiago de Cuba during the first semester of 1993. The following variables were calculated: drugs intake, material expenses, length of stay, and quality. A questionnaire was used to collect them. Percent and chi square were applied to these data, which were represented by tables. The self-stimulation of the nipples proved to be the most economical as regards the saving os spendable material and drugs...
January 1997: Revista Cubana de Enfermería
M A Avila-Vergara, F Morgan-Ortiz, O Fragoza-Sosa, L Haro-García
The objective was to compare the effectiveness and efficacy of prostaglandin E2 (prepidil gel) plus oxitocin with that of intravenous oxitocin in the treatment of delivery induction in patients complicated with fetal death. Fifteen patients received prepidil gel plus oxitocin and 15 patients oxitocin. In the treatment group only one dosage of 0.5 ng in 2 ml of prepidil gel was administered intracervically and simultaneously oxitocin by intravenous infusion, dosage was increased 2 mUI/min every 30 minutes. In the control group only intravenous oxitocin was administered at the same dosage...
April 1997: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
A V Volkov, O V Murav'ev, G V Misharina
The therapeutic effect of a single systemic injection of regulatory peptides was assessed in experiments oil white rats exposed to 10- and 15-min heart arrest. The effect of regulatory peptides was found to depend on the initial body resistance to hypoxia and on the duration of heart arrest. Positive effects of thyrotropin-releasing factor, ACTH4-10 and substance P on the recovery of cerebral function grew weaker as the duration of heart arrest increased, whereas the effects of oxitocin and somatostatin were unchanged, and that of taftsin even increased...
September 1996: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
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