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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528208/mentoring-interventions-and-the-impact-of-protective-assets-on-the-reproductive-health-of-adolescent-girls-and-young-women
#1
REVIEW
Kate F Plourde, Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Donna R McCarraher
Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS and other negative reproductive health (RH) outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that programs to build AGYW's assets can help reduce their vulnerability to poor RH. Mentoring interventions have demonstrated a positive impact on a variety of youth development outcomes, including the protective assets needed to circumvent poor RH outcomes. The purpose of this review was to understand the types of mentoring programs for AGYW that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving protective assets, and/or, RH knowledge, intentions, behaviors, or outcomes themselves...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525793/-almost-a-slam-dunk-assessing-the-experiences-and-opinions-of-participants-in-a-national-basketball-association-nba-funded-dropout-prevention-program
#2
Tray J Geiger, Audrey Amrein-Beardsley
Researchers conducted an evaluation of participants' perceptions of a dropout prevention program - the NBA High School program - involving a National Basketball Association (NBA) team, a high school located in downtown [City], and the College of Education (COE) at the local State University (SU). The program targeted "at-risk" high school students while utilizing student-teachers as tutors and mentors. Researchers utilized mixed methods to assess student, student-teacher, and high school teacher participants' experiences with and opinions of the program...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525320/sexual-and-reproductive-health-priorities-of-adolescent-girls-in-lagos-nigeria-findings-from-free-listing-interviews
#3
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Donaldson Conserve, Patricia Iwelunmor, John E Ehiri
Background Adolescent girls in Nigeria experience a disproportionately high burden of sexual and reproductive health disparities that affect their well-being. Yet, little is known about adolescent girls' own unique perspectives of the sexual and reproductive health challenges they face, and possible solutions to these challenges. Aims To explore top sexual and reproductive health concerns of female adolescents in Nigeria and their perceptions regarding potential solutions to these issues. Methods Eighty adolescent girls attending two public secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria completed individual free-listing interviews...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522667/baseline-survey-of-the-neuroradiology-work-environment-in-the-united-states-with-reported-trends-in-clinical-work-nonclinical-work-perceptions-of-trainees-and-burnout-metrics
#4
J Y Chen, F J Lexa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuroradiologists have faced continuously increasing clinical workloads. Our aim was to establish and report a baseline survey of the current neuroradiology work environment in the United States and of experiential changes in recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A voluntary survey was sent to practicing and out-of-training members of the American Society of Neuroradiology in the United States. Selected measures included workday volume and length, burnout symptoms, participation in academic and practice-building duties; effects on perceived interpretation quality, communication of abnormal results, and consideration of early retirement or career changes, among others...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517108/goals-of-medical-students-participating-in-scholarly-concentration-programmes
#5
Kurt Alberson, Vineet M Arora, Karen Zier, Rachel K Wolfson
OBJECTIVES: Scholarly concentration (SC) programmes are increasingly common in medical school curricula, fostering student participation in mentored research. Endpoints including publication rates and impact on career path have been reported, but student goals have not been described. We describe how career plans and gender impact the importance of students' SC-related goals. Understanding student goals may enhance mentorship of professional development and self-directed learning skills...
May 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514674/mentoring-immunity-mtor-signaling-in-the-development-and-function-of-tissue-resident-immune-cells
#6
REVIEW
Russell G Jones, Edward J Pearce
Tissue-resident immune cells must balance survival in peripheral tissues with the capacity to respond rapidly upon infection or tissue damage, and in turn couple these responses with intrinsic metabolic control and conditions in the tissue microenvironment. The serine/threonine kinase mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central integrator of extracellular and intracellular growth signals and cellular metabolism and plays important roles in both innate and adaptive immune responses. This review discusses the function of mTOR signaling in the differentiation and function of tissue-resident immune cells, with focus on the role of mTOR as a metabolic sensor and its impact on metabolic regulation in innate and adaptive immune cells...
May 16, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514130/-measuring-adherence-to-self-care-guidelines-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-with-diabetic-ulcers-admitted-to-the-orthopedic-rehabilitation-department-at-tel-hashomer-hospital-during-2012-2013
#7
Sigal Ezra, Itzhak Siev-Ner, Itzhak Zaidise
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot is a devastating complication of diabetes and represents the major cause of lower limb amputations in the western world in the 21st century. The World Health Organization predicts a dramatic increase in the number of diabetes patients over the next decade and by the year 2025, their number is expected to increase to 300 million. AIMS: Examine whether training leads to improving performance in the built-in self-care guidelines in patients with type 2 diabetes who were hospitalized with diabetic ulcers in the Orthopedic Rehabilitation Ward in Tel Hashomer between the years 2012-2013...
July 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513357/nursing-students-experience-of-research-during-clinical-placements
#8
Claire Louise Whitehouse
Aim To investigate pre-registration nursing students' experience of research during clinical placements, and to identify any positive aspects or barriers to gaining experience of research during clinical placements. Method Qualitative, phenomenological, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with preregistration degree-level nursing students. The students were attending one university in the east of England, and were on clinical placements at one of three hospital sites in two trusts. Data were reviewed using thematic analysis...
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513355/student-mentor-friction-debated
#9
(no author information available yet)
Nursing students' challenging behaviour towards mentors was the subject of a debate at RCN congress.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512777/the-australian-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-learning-curve
#10
Marcus Handmer, Charles Chabert, Ronald Cohen, Troy Gianduzzo, Paul Kearns, Daniel Moon, Jason Ooi, Tom Shannon, David Sofield, Andrew Tan, Mark Louie-Johnsun
BACKGROUND: International estimates of the laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) learning curve extend to as many as 1000 cases, but is unknown for Fellowship-trained Australian surgeons. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from nine Australian surgeons who performed 2943 consecutive LRP cases was retrospectively reviewed. Their combined initial 100 cases (F100, n = 900) were compared to their second 100 cases (S100, n = 782) with two of nine surgeons completing fewer than 200 cases...
May 16, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512486/students-knowledge-comprehension-after-implementation-of-live-conventional-demonstration-video-teaching-and-video-assisted-instruction-methods-in-endodontic-practice
#11
Nahid Mohammadzadeh Akhlaghi, Zohreh Khalilak, Mehdi Vatanpour, Amirabbas Moshari, Saman Ghaffari, Mohammad Sadegh Namazikhah
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted clinical instruction (VACID) has been found to be a beneficial teaching tool for various fields in dentistry. The aim of this interventional study was to compare the efficacy of live conventional demonstration (CD), video teaching, and VACID (video with explanation) methods in teaching of root canal treatment to undergraduate dental students. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-two undergraduate senior dental students participated in this study...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510020/foreword-to-quantitative-and-analytical-relations-in-biochemistry-a-special-issue-in-honour-of-donald-j-winzor-s-80th-birthday
#12
REVIEW
Damien Hall, Stephen E Harding
The purpose of this special issue is to honour Professor Donald J. Winzor's long career as a researcher and scientific mentor, and to celebrate the milestone of his 80th birthday. Throughout his career, Don has been renowned for his development of clever approximations to difficult quantitative relations governing a range of biophysical measurements. The theme of this special issue, 'Quantitative and analytical relations in biochemistry', was chosen to reflect this aspect of Don's scientific approach.
December 2016: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508742/caep-2016-academic-symposium-how-to-have-an-impact-as-an-emergency-medicine-educator-and-scholar
#13
Jason R Frank, Warren J Cheung, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Primavesi, Robert A Woods, Glen Bandiera, Constance LeBlanc
BACKGROUND: In a time of major medical education transformation, emergency medicine (EM) needs to nurture education scholars who will influence EM education practice. However, the essential ingredients to ensure a career with impact in EM education are not clear. OBJECTIVE: To describe how to prepare EM educators for a high-impact career. METHODS: The Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) Academic Section commissioned an "Education Impact" working group (IWG) to guide the creation of consensus recommendations from the EM community...
May 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507740/mark-josephson-pioneer-educator-and-mentor-to-a-generation-of-cardiac-electrophysiologists
#14
William G Stevenson
In January 2017 we lost a giant in cardiac electrophysiology, whose work and teachings touched all of us working in the field. Mark Josephson's early work, building on the work of Hein Wellens in using programmed stimulation and catheter mapping to understand scar-related ventricular tachycardias, led the way to surgical and then catheter ablation as a viable therapy for that arrhythmia. His seminal observations are many and catalogued in 'The Josephson School' a wonderful book with 59 Chapters and extensive commentary devoted to his research...
April 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504991/tablet-e-logbooks-four-thousand-clinical-cases-and-complications-e-logged-by-14-nondoctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#15
Shristi Shah, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering, Stephen Knoble, Indra Rai
BACKGROUND: To meet the need for essential surgery across rural Nepal, anesthesia at district level is delivered by nondoctor anesthetists. They require support to maintain confidence and competence, and upgraded professional registration to secure their status. To meet these needs, a distance-blended learning course was pioneered and delivered. A core course requirement was to log all clinical cases; these were logged on a new e-logbook. METHODS: Fourteen nondoctor anesthesia providers working in 12 different districts across Nepal were enrolled in the 1-year course...
May 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504073/exploring-the-relationship-between-mentoring-and-doctors-health-and-wellbeing-a-narrative-review
#16
Gemma Wilson, Valerie Larkin, Nancy Redfern, Jane Stewart, Alison Steven
The health and wellbeing of doctors are crucial, both for the individuals themselves and their ability to deliver optimum patient care. With increased pressures on healthcare, support mechanisms that attend to doctors' health and wellbeing may require greater emphasis to safeguard those working in frontline services. To inform future developments, this systematic narrative review aimed to identify, explore and map empirical and anecdotal evidence indicating the relationships between mentoring activities and the health and wellbeing of doctors...
May 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504028/essential-competencies-in-global-health-research-for-medical-trainees-a-narrative-review
#17
Mary T White, Caley A Satterfield, Jason T Blackard
INTRODUCTION: Participation in short-term educational experiences in global health (STEGHs) among medical trainees is increasingly accompanied by interest in conducting research while abroad. Because formal training in both global health and research methods is currently under-represented in most medical curricula, trainees are often unfamiliar with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to design and conduct research successfully. This narrative review identifies essential global health research competencies for medical trainees engaged in STEGHs...
May 14, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503947/recommendations-for-data-monitoring-committees-from-the-clinical-trials-transformation-initiative
#18
Karim A Calis, Patrick Archdeacon, Raymond Bain, David DeMets, Miriam Donohue, M Khair Elzarrad, Annemarie Forrest, John McEachern, Michael J Pencina, Jane Perlmutter, Roger J Lewis
Background/aims Use of data monitoring committees to oversee clinical trials was first proposed nearly 50 years ago. Since then, data monitoring committee use in clinical trials has increased and evolved. Nonetheless, there are no well-defined criteria for determining the need for a data monitoring committee, and considerable variability exists in data monitoring committee composition and conduct. To understand and describe the role and function of data monitoring committees, and establish best practices for data monitoring committee trial oversight, the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative-a public-private partnership to improve clinical trials-launched a multi-stakeholder project...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503310/individual-capacity-building-approaches-in-a-global-pharmaceutical-systems-strengthening-program-a-selected-review
#19
Niranjan Konduri, Megan Rauscher, Shiou-Chu Judy Wang, Tanya Malpica-Llanos
BACKGROUND: Medicines use related challenges such as inadequate adherence, high levels of antimicrobial resistance and preventable adverse drug reactions have underscored the need to incorporate pharmaceutical services to help achieve desired treatment outcomes, and protect patients from inappropriate use of medicines. This situation is further constrained by insufficient numbers of pharmaceutical personnel and inappropriate skill mix. Studies have addressed individual capacity building approaches of logistics, supply chain or disease specific interventions but few have documented those involving such pharmacy assistants/professionals, or health workers/professionals charged with improving access and provision of pharmaceutical services...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501657/effects-of-mentorship-on-graduating-vascular-surgery-trainees
#20
Matthew R Smeds, Cindy Huynh, Carol R Thrush, Mohammed M Moursi, Kwame S Amankwah
OBJECTIVE: Mentorship within surgery, particularly vascular surgery, has not been extensively evaluated. This study sought to examine mentorship experiences in graduating vascular trainees. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey examining current mentor relationships, ideal characteristics, academic productivity and operative comfort level was emailed to all U.S. graduating 2015 (n=141) and 2016 (n=144) vascular trainees (VTs) during their last year of training...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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