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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479898/aerobic-exercise-improves-quality-of-life-psychological-well-being-and-systemic-inflammation-in-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has a destructive drawbacks on the patient and his/her entire family as this disease badly af fects the behavior, cognition and abilities to do activities of daily living (ADL). The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life, systemic inflammation and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercises in Alzheimer's...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468656/interplay-wellbeing-framework-a-collaborative-methodology-bringing-together-stories-and-numbers-to-quantify-aboriginal-cultural-values-in-remote-australia
#2
Sheree Cairney, Tammy Abbott, Stephen Quinn, Jessica Yamaguchi, Byron Wilson, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing has been difficult to understand, measure and strengthen for Aboriginal people in remote Australia. Part of the challenge has been genuinely involving community members and incorporating their values and priorities into assessment and policy. Taking a 'shared space' collaborative approach between remote Aboriginal communities, governments and scientists, we merged Aboriginal knowledge with western science - by bringing together stories and numbers. This research aims to statistically validate the holistic Interplay Wellbeing Framework and Survey that bring together Aboriginal-identified priorities of culture, empowerment and community with government priorities including education, employment and health...
May 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464727/consumer-led-health-related-online-sources-and-their-impact-on-consumers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
Elina Laukka, Piia Rantakokko, Marjo Suhonen
The aim of the review was to describe consumer-led health-related online sources and their impact on consumers. The review was carried out as an integrative literature review. Quantisation and qualitative content analysis were used as the analysis method. The most common method used by the included studies was qualitative content analysis. This review identified the consumer-led health-related online sources used between 2009 and 2016 as health-related online communities, health-related social networking sites and health-related rating websites...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448249/relationships-among-exercise-beliefs-physical-exercise-and-subjective-wellbeing-evidence-from-korean-middle-aged-adults
#4
Sukkyung You, Kyulee Shin
Physically active leisure plays a key role in successful ageing. Exercise beliefs are one of the key predictors of exercise behavior. We used structural equation modeling to assess the plausibility of a conceptual model specifying hypothesized linkages among middle aged adults perceptions of (a) exercise beliefs, (b) physical exercise behavior, and (c) subjective well-being. Four hundred and two adults in South Korea responded to survey questions designed to capture the above constructs. We found that physically active leisure participation leads to subjective well-being for both middle aged males and females...
April 27, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446223/the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-training-programme-in-schools-compared-with-normal-school-provision-myriad-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Willem Kuyken, Elizabeth Nuthall, Sarah Byford, Catherine Crane, Tim Dalgleish, Tamsin Ford, Mark T Greenberg, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Russell M Viner, J Mark G Williams
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based approaches for adults are effective at enhancing mental health, but few controlled trials have evaluated their effectiveness or cost-effectiveness for young people. The primary aim of this trial is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a mindfulness training (MT) programme to enhance mental health, wellbeing and social-emotional behavioural functioning in adolescence. METHODS/DESIGN: To address this aim, the design will be a superiority, cluster randomised controlled, parallel-group trial in which schools offering social and emotional provision in line with good practice (Formby et al...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444303/testing-comparability-between-retrospective-life-history-data-and-prospective-birth-cohort-study-data
#6
Stephen Jivraj, Alissa Goodman, George B Ploubidis, Cesar de Oliveira
Objectives: To determine whether comparable prospective and retrospective data present the same association between childhood and life course exposures and mid-life wellbeing. Method: Prospective data is taken from the 1958 UK National Child Development Study at age 50 in 2008 and earlier sweeps (n = 8,033). Retrospective data is taken from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing at ages 50-55 from a life history interview in 2007 (n = 921). Results: There is a high degree of similarity in the direction of association between childhood exposures that have been prospectively collected in National Child Development Study and retrospectively collected in English Longitudinal Study of Ageing and wellbeing outcomes in mid-life...
April 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425776/development-of-the-aboriginal-communication-assessment-after-brain-injury-acaabi-a-screening-tool-for-identifying-acquired-communication-disorders-in-aboriginal-australians
#7
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425062/patients-lived-experiences-of-nocturia-a-qualitative-study-of-the-evening-the-night-and-the-next-day
#8
Andrew Trigg, Fredrik L Andersson, Natalie V J Aldhouse, Donald L Bliwise, Helen Kitchen
BACKGROUND: Nocturia, waking to urinate two or more times during the night, is a chronic condition associated with significant patient burden due to sleep disruption. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of patients with nocturia in terms of the disruption to their lives during the night and day. METHODS: Adult patients in the US diagnosed with nocturia were recruited for face-to-face qualitative interviews. Thematic analysis of patients' narratives, taking a phenomenological interpretative approach, summarised their experiences throughout the night and day, including any apparent contrasts between patients...
April 19, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404069/patient-reported-outcomes-with-sofosbuvir-and-velpatasvir-with-or-without-ribavirin-for-hepatitis-c-virus-related-decompensated-cirrhosis-an-exploratory-analysis-from-the-randomised-open-label-astral-4-phase-3-trial
#9
Zobair M Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Michael Charlton, Michael P Curry, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Robert S Brown, Sharon Hunt
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment regimens with direct-acting antivirals have not been extensively studied in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. We assessed patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with decompensated cirrhosis given a fixed-dose combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir with and without ribavirin. METHODS: This study was an exploratory analysis of data collected in a randomised, open-label phase 3 trial (ASTRAL-4) in which patients with HCV-related decompensated cirrhosis were randomly assigned to an all-oral fixed-dose combination of sofosbuvir (400 mg) and velpatasvir (100 mg) once daily for 12 weeks, sofosbuvir and velpatasvir plus oral ribavirin (weight-based 1000 mg or 1200 mg) for 12 weeks, or sofosbuvir and velpatasvir for 24 weeks...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398134/-i-told-her-this-is-your-life-relationship-dynamics-partner-support-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-south-african-couples
#10
Amy Conroy, Anna Leddy, Mallory Johnson, Thulani Ngubane, Heidi van Rooyen, Lynae Darbes
Despite the important role of social relationships for health and wellbeing, little is known about how primary partners affect adherence to HIV care and treatment. We qualitatively explored how relationship dynamics and partner support influence adherence among couples from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Twenty-four heterosexual couples with at least one HIV-positive partner completed semi-structured interviews on topics including relationship dynamics (intimacy or emotional closeness, communication, violence), experiences with HIV care and treatment and HIV-related social support...
April 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#11
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381734/implant-supported-oral-rehabilitation-in-child-with-ectodermal-dysplasia-4-year-follow-up
#12
Thaisa Cezária Triches, Marcos Ximenes, João Gustavo Oliveira de Souza, Armando Rodrigues Lopes Pereira Neto, Antônio Carlos Cardoso, Michele Bolan
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is an anomaly determined by genetic factors that alter ectodermal structures such as skin, hair, nails, glands, and teeth. Children affected by this condition require extensive, comprehensive, and multidisciplinary treatment. An 8-year-old female patient visited the Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Santa Catarina with the chief complaint of multiple missing teeth. The mother reported that the patient had ED. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the congenital absence of several primary and permanent teeth and tooth germs...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381331/social-and-health-determinants-of-adolescent-s-wellbeing-in-jordan-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#13
Diana H Arabiat, Abeer Shaheen, Ommaya Nassar, Mohammad Saleh, Ayman Mansour
PURPOSE: This study examined the extent to which health related aspect, health outcome, behaviour outcomes and social connectedness may predict adolescents' wellbeing at the schools of Jordan. METHODS: Using a two-stage cluster sampling technique 1166 adolescents completed the Health Behaviour of School Children survey. RESULTS: Stepwise Regression Analysis showed that the adolescents' wellbeing was predicted by academic achievements, bullying behaviour, eating habits, psycho-somatization, parent support and ease of communication with parents...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380073/a-mixed-methods-approach-to-adapting-and-evaluating-the-functional-assessment-of-hiv-infection-fahi-swahili-version-for-use-with-low-literacy-populations
#14
Moses K Nyongesa, Antipa Sigilai, Amin S Hassan, Janet Thoya, Rachael Odhiambo, Fons J R Van de Vijver, Charles R J C Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Despite bearing the largest HIV-related burden, little is known of the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. One of the factors contributing to this gap in knowledge is the lack of culturally adapted and validated measures of HRQoL that are relevant for this setting. AIMS: We set out to adapt the Functional Assessment of HIV Infection (FAHI) Questionnaire, an HIV-specific measure of HRQoL, and evaluate its internal consistency and validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347145/here-and-now-aboriginal-assessment-hanaa-a-follow-up-survey-of-users
#15
Aleksandar Janca, Zaza Lyons, Jane Gaspar
OBJECTIVES: To explore users' views of, and experience with, the Here and Now Aboriginal Assessment (HANAA), an instrument developed for screening social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) in Aboriginal adults. Over the last few years the HANAA has been widely disseminated across Australia. METHODS: All those on our database who had requested the HANAA package were contacted by email and invited to participate in the evaluation by completing an online survey. RESULTS: A total of 38 responses were received; the response rate was 36%...
March 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342618/a-realist-synthesis-of-social-connectivity-interventions-during-transition-to-parenthood-the-value-of-relationships
#16
Claudine T Bennett, Judy L Buchan, Nicole Letourneau, Stuart G Shanker, Anne Fenwick, Brenda Smith-Chant, Cyndi Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Social connections are important during the transition to parenthood. A wide body of literature suggests that these connections enhance health and contribute to wellbeing. In the case of parents and families, social connections can influence child development. Nurses and public health agencies are in a unique position to advocate for resources and approaches to enhance social connectivity for parents during this important life transition. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify the universal social connectivity interventions that work, and the conditions that foster social connections for parents and enhance child development...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332197/music-making-for-health-and-wellbeing-in-youth-justice-settings-mediated-affordances-and-the-impact-of-context-and-social-relations
#17
Norma Daykin, Nick de Viggiani, Yvonne Moriarty, Paul Pilkington
Young people in the criminal justice system experience significant health and wellbeing issues that often stem from poverty and disadvantage and, in turn, are linked with offending and reoffending behaviour. There is ongoing interest in interventions such as participatory music programmes that seek to foster social reintegration, support mental wellbeing and equip young offenders with life skills, competencies and emotional resilience. However, there is a need for a situated understanding of both positive and negative experiences that shape potential outcomes of music projects...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290469/longitudinal-employment-outcomes-of-an-early-intervention-vocational-rehabilitation-service-for-people-admitted-to-rehabilitation-with-a-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#18
G Hilton, C A Unsworth, G C Murphy, M Browne, J Olver
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort design. OBJECTIVES: First, to explore the longitudinal outcomes for people who received early intervention vocational rehabilitation (EIVR); second, to examine the nature and extent of relationships between contextual factors and employment outcomes over time. SETTING: Both inpatient and community-based clients of a Spinal Community Integration Service (SCIS). METHODS: People of workforce age undergoing inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic spinal cord injury were invited to participate in EIVR as part of SCIS...
March 14, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288950/do-patients-and-physicians-agree-when-they-assess-quality-of-life
#19
Anna Barata, Rodrigo Martino, Ignasi Gich, Irene García-Cadenas, Eugenia Abella, Pere Barba, Javier Briones, Salut Brunet, Albert Esquirol, Francesc García-Pallarols, Ana Garrido, Miguel Granell, Jaume Martinez, Irene Mensa, Silvana Novelli, Blanca Sánchez-González, David Valcárcel, Jordi Sierra
Patient and physician agreement on the most significant symptoms is associated with treatment outcomes and satisfaction with care. Thus, we sought to assess patient and physician agreement on patient-reported quality of life (QoL), and whether patient-related variables predict disagreement. In this cross-sectional, multisite study, patients and physicians completed the FACT-BMT at day 90. Agreement was analyzed with the intraclass coefficient correlation (ICC). Rates of underestimation and overestimation were calculated...
March 10, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275898/functional-status-and-quality-of-life-among-breast-cancer-survivors-with-heart-failure-results-of-the-medicare-health-outcomes-survey
#20
Jordan M Harrison, Matthew A Davis, Debra L Barton, Nancy K Janz, Susan J Pressler, Christopher R Friese
PURPOSE: The purpose of this population-based study was to examine health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and functional status among breast cancer survivors with heart failure. METHODS: We examined Medicare Health Outcomes Survey data from women aged 65 and older diagnosed with breast cancer in the past 5 years. Surveys were linked to Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results cancer registries. Each woman identified with self-reported heart failure (n = 239) was matched to controls without heart failure (n = 685) using propensity scores...
March 8, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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