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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632005/sleep-problems-and-life-satisfaction-as-predictors-of-health-in-men-with-sex-chromosome-aneuploidies
#1
Krister W Fjermestad, Simen Stokke
More knowledge is needed about men with sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA). We present self-reported data from 53 men with SCA (Mage = 36.8 years, SD = 12.3, range 19-67). The Health Survey-Short Form (SF-36) measured eight health domains (physical functioning, role-physical, role-emotional, vitality, emotional health, social functioning, pain, general health). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep problems. The Personal Wellbeing Index measured satisfaction with eight life domains. Compared to norms, SCA reported poorer health (mean d = -0...
February 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619085/validity-of-a-family-centered-approach-for-assessing-infants-social-emotional-wellbeing-and-their-developmental-context-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Margriet Hielkema, Andrea F De Winter, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Family-centered care seems promising in preventive pediatrics, but evidence is lacking as to whether this type of care is also valid as a means to identify risks to infants' social-emotional development. We aimed to examine the validity of such a family-centered approach. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study. During routine well-child visits (2-15 months), Preventive Child Healthcare (PCH) professionals used a family-centered approach, assessing domains as parents' competence, role of the partner, social support, barriers within the care-giving context, and child's wellbeing for 2976 children as protective, indistinct or a risk...
June 15, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619041/assessment-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-diabetes-patient-education-using-the-health-education-impact-questionnaire-heiq
#3
Ditte Hjorth Laursen, Karl Bang Christensen, Ulla Christensen, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a progressive chronic illness that will affect more than 500 million people worldwide by 2030. It is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Finding the right care management for diabetes patients is necessary to effectively address the growing population of affected individuals and escalating costs. Patient education is one option for improving patient self-management. However, there are large discrepancies in the outcomes of such programs and long-term data are lacking...
June 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617197/chronic-early-life-stress-induced-by-limited-bedding-and-nesting-lbn-material-in-rodents-critical-considerations-of-methodology-outcomes-and-translational-potential
#4
Claire-Dominique Walker, Kevin G Bath, Marian Joels, Aniko Korosi, Muriel Larauche, Paul J Lucassen, Margaret J Morris, Charlis Raineki, Tania L Roth, Regina M Sullivan, Yvette Taché, Tallie Z Baram
The immediate and long term effects of exposure to early life stress (ELS) have been documented in humans and animal models. Even relatively brief periods of stress during the first 10 days of life in rodents can impact later behavioral regulation and the vulnerability to develop adult pathologies, in particular an impairment of cognitive functions and neurogenesis, but also modified social, emotional and conditioned fear responses. The development of preclinical models of ELS exposure allows the examination of mechanisms and testing of therapeutic approaches that are not possible in humans...
June 15, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610633/health-care-users-key-community-informants-and-primary-health-care-workers-views-on-health-health-promotion-health-assets-and-deficits-qualitative-study-in-seven-spanish-regions
#5
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Anna Berenguera, Núria Coma-Auli, Haizea Pombo-Ramos, Sebastià March, Angela Asensio-Martínez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sara Mora-Simón, Maria Martínez-Andrés, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Although some articles have analysed the definitions of health and health promotion from the perspective of health-care users and health care professionals, no published studies include the simultaneous participation of health-care users, primary health care professionals and key community informants. Understanding the perception of health and health promotion amongst these different stakeholders is crucial for the design and implementation of successful, equitable and sustainable measures that improve the health and wellbeing of populations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610603/an-australian-indigenous-community-led-suicide-intervention-skills-training-program-community-consultation-findings
#6
Bushra Nasir, Steve Kisely, Leanne Hides, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Geoffrey C Nicholson, Neeraj S Gill, Noel Hayman, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Maree Toombs
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the appropriateness of existing gatekeeper suicide prevention programs for Indigenous communities. Despite the high rates of Indigenous suicide in Australia, especially among Indigenous youth, it is unclear how effective existing suicide prevention programs are in providing appropriate management of Indigenous people at risk of suicide. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted with Indigenous communities in rural and regional areas of Southern Queensland...
June 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586399/the-relationship-between-the-early-childhood-environment-rating-scale-and-its-revised-form-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Ashley Brunsek, Michal Perlman, Olesya Falenchuk, Evelyn McMullen, Brooke Fletcher, Prakesh S Shah
The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS) and its revised version (ECERS-R) were designed as global measures of quality that assess structural and process aspects of Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) programs. Despite frequent use of the ECERS/ECERS-R in research and applied settings, associations between it and child outcomes have not been systematically reviewed. The objective of this research was to evaluate the association between the ECERS/ECERS-R and children's wellbeing. Searches of Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC, websites of large datasets and reference sections of all retrieved articles were completed up to July 3, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581692/examining-the-effects-of-rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt-on-performance-outcomes-in-elite-paralympic-athletes
#8
Andrew G Wood, Jamie B Barker, Martin Turner, David Sheffield
Traditionally a psychotherapeutic intervention, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is receiving increasing attention within the extant literature as an intervention to enhance the athletic performance and psychological wellbeing of competitive athletes. Whilst the benefits of REBT on psychological health are established, less is understood about the effects on athletic performance. The present study aimed to examine the immediate and maintained effects of REBT on physiological, psychological, and performance outcomes with elite Paralympic athletes...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577358/sensitivity-of-alternative-measures-of-functioning-and-wellbeing-for-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-comparison-of-promis%C3%A2-to-ascq-me%C3%A2
#9
San Keller, Manshu Yang, Marsha J Treadwell, Kathryn L Hassell
BACKGROUND: Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) causes profound suffering and decrements in daily functioning. Demand is growing for valid and reliable measures to systematically document these effects, particularly in adults. The Adult Sickle Cell Quality of Life Measurement System, ASCQ-Me℠, was developed for this purpose. ASCQ-Me℠ is one of four measurement systems housed within the Person-Centered Assessment Resource (PCAR), funded by the National Institutes of Health, to support clinical research...
June 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551274/delivering-an-empowerment-intervention-to-a-remote-indigenous-child-safety-workforce-its-economic-cost-from-an-agency-perspective
#10
Irina Kinchin, Christopher M Doran, Janya McCalman, Susan Jacups, Komla Tsey, Katrina Lines, Kieran Smith, Andrew Searles
BACKGROUND: The Family Wellbeing (FWB) program applies culturally appropriate community led empowerment training to enhance the personal development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in life skills. This study sought to estimate the economic cost required to deliver the FWB program to a child safety workforce in remote Australian communities. METHOD: This study was designed as a retrospective cost description taken from the perspective of a non-government child safety agency...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545063/financial-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#11
Cécile Barbaret, Christelle Brosse, Wadih Rhondali, Murielle Ruer, Léa Monsarrat, Patrick Michaud, Anne Marie Schott, Marvin Delgado-Guay, Eduardo Bruera, Stéphane Sanchez, Marilène Filbet
PURPOSE: We examined the frequency and severity of financial distress (FD) and its association with quality of life (QOL) and symptoms among patients with advanced cancer in France. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, 143 patients with advanced cancer were enrolled. QOL was assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer General (FACT-G) and symptoms assessed using Edmonton Assessment System (ESAS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). FD was assessed using a self-rated numeric scale from 0 to 10...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479898/aerobic-exercise-improves-quality-of-life-psychological-well-being-and-systemic-inflammation-in-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has a destructive drawbacks on the patient and his/her entire family as this disease badly af fects the behavior, cognition and abilities to do activities of daily living (ADL). The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life, systemic inflammation and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercises in Alzheimer's...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468656/interplay-wellbeing-framework-a-collaborative-methodology-bringing-together-stories-and-numbers-to-quantify-aboriginal-cultural-values-in-remote-australia
#13
Sheree Cairney, Tammy Abbott, Stephen Quinn, Jessica Yamaguchi, Byron Wilson, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: Wellbeing has been difficult to understand, measure and strengthen for Aboriginal people in remote Australia. Part of the challenge has been genuinely involving community members and incorporating their values and priorities into assessment and policy. Taking a 'shared space' collaborative approach between remote Aboriginal communities, governments and scientists, we merged Aboriginal knowledge with western science - by bringing together stories and numbers. This research aims to statistically validate the holistic Interplay Wellbeing Framework and Survey that bring together Aboriginal-identified priorities of culture, empowerment and community with government priorities including education, employment and health...
May 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464727/consumer-led-health-related-online-sources-and-their-impact-on-consumers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#14
Elina Laukka, Piia Rantakokko, Marjo Suhonen
The aim of the review was to describe consumer-led health-related online sources and their impact on consumers. The review was carried out as an integrative literature review. Quantisation and qualitative content analysis were used as the analysis method. The most common method used by the included studies was qualitative content analysis. This review identified the consumer-led health-related online sources used between 2009 and 2016 as health-related online communities, health-related social networking sites and health-related rating websites...
April 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448249/relationships-among-exercise-beliefs-physical-exercise-and-subjective-well-being-evidence-from-korean-middle-aged-adults
#15
Sukkyung You, Kyulee Shin
Physically active leisure plays a key role in successful aging. Exercise beliefs are one of the key predictors of exercise behavior. We used structural equation modeling to assess the plausibility of a conceptual model specifying hypothesized linkages among middle-aged adults' perceptions of (a) exercise beliefs, (b) physical exercise behavior, and (c) subjective well-being. Four hundred two adults in South Korea responded to survey questions designed to capture the above constructs. We found that physically active leisure participation leads to subjective well-being for both middle-aged men and women...
April 27, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446223/the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-training-programme-in-schools-compared-with-normal-school-provision-myriad-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Willem Kuyken, Elizabeth Nuthall, Sarah Byford, Catherine Crane, Tim Dalgleish, Tamsin Ford, Mark T Greenberg, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Russell M Viner, J Mark G Williams
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based approaches for adults are effective at enhancing mental health, but few controlled trials have evaluated their effectiveness or cost-effectiveness for young people. The primary aim of this trial is to evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a mindfulness training (MT) programme to enhance mental health, wellbeing and social-emotional behavioural functioning in adolescence. METHODS/DESIGN: To address this aim, the design will be a superiority, cluster randomised controlled, parallel-group trial in which schools offering social and emotional provision in line with good practice (Formby et al...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444303/testing-comparability-between-retrospective-life-history-data-and-prospective-birth-cohort-study-data
#17
Stephen Jivraj, Alissa Goodman, George B Ploubidis, Cesar de Oliveira
Objectives: To determine whether comparable prospective and retrospective data present the same association between childhood and life course exposures and mid-life wellbeing. Method: Prospective data is taken from the 1958 UK National Child Development Study at age 50 in 2008 and earlier sweeps (n = 8,033). Retrospective data is taken from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing at ages 50-55 from a life history interview in 2007 (n = 921). Results: There is a high degree of similarity in the direction of association between childhood exposures that have been prospectively collected in National Child Development Study and retrospectively collected in English Longitudinal Study of Ageing and wellbeing outcomes in mid-life...
April 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425776/development-of-the-aboriginal-communication-assessment-after-brain-injury-acaabi-a-screening-tool-for-identifying-acquired-communication-disorders-in-aboriginal-australians
#18
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425062/patients-lived-experiences-of-nocturia-a-qualitative-study-of-the-evening-the-night-and-the-next-day
#19
Andrew Trigg, Fredrik L Andersson, Natalie V J Aldhouse, Donald L Bliwise, Helen Kitchen
BACKGROUND: Nocturia, waking to urinate two or more times during the night, is a chronic condition associated with significant patient burden due to sleep disruption. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of patients with nocturia in terms of the disruption to their lives during the night and day. METHODS: Adult patients in the US diagnosed with nocturia were recruited for face-to-face qualitative interviews. Thematic analysis of patients' narratives, taking a phenomenological interpretative approach, summarised their experiences throughout the night and day, including any apparent contrasts between patients...
April 19, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404069/patient-reported-outcomes-with-sofosbuvir-and-velpatasvir-with-or-without-ribavirin-for-hepatitis-c-virus-related-decompensated-cirrhosis-an-exploratory-analysis-from-the-randomised-open-label-astral-4-phase-3-trial
#20
Zobair M Younossi, Maria Stepanova, Michael Charlton, Michael P Curry, Jacqueline G O'Leary, Robert S Brown, Sharon Hunt
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment regimens with direct-acting antivirals have not been extensively studied in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. We assessed patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in patients with decompensated cirrhosis given a fixed-dose combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir with and without ribavirin. METHODS: This study was an exploratory analysis of data collected in a randomised, open-label phase 3 trial (ASTRAL-4) in which patients with HCV-related decompensated cirrhosis were randomly assigned to an all-oral fixed-dose combination of sofosbuvir (400 mg) and velpatasvir (100 mg) once daily for 12 weeks, sofosbuvir and velpatasvir plus oral ribavirin (weight-based 1000 mg or 1200 mg) for 12 weeks, or sofosbuvir and velpatasvir for 24 weeks...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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