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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772849/relationship-between-orthodontic-treatment-need-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-11%C3%A2-18-year-old-adolescents-in-lithuania
#1
Aistė Kavaliauskienė, Antanas Šidlauskas, Apolinaras Zaborskis
The aim was to examine the relationship between orthodontic treatment need and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among Lithuanian adolescents aged 11⁻18 across gender and age groups. A representative cross-sectional study of 911 adolescents aged 11⁻18 (mean (M) = 15.53; Standard Deviation (SD) = 1.52) was conducted in 26 public schools. The schoolchildren completed the Child Perceptions Questionnaire to evaluate their OHRQoL. The Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) was used to evaluate the severity of malocclusion...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772602/engagement-of-a-person-with-dementia-scale-establishing-content-validity-and-psychometric-properties
#2
Cindy Jones, Billy Sung, Wendy Moyle
AIM: To develop and psychometrically test the Engagement of a Person with Dementia Scale. BACKGROUND: It is important to study engagement in people with dementia when exploring the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions that can promote meaningful activity, stimulation and wellbeing, through an increase in positive emotions and an improvement in quality of life. The Engagement of a Person with Dementia Scale was developed based on current literature and previous research work on a video coding tool to ascertain the effect of psychosocial interventions on engagement in people with dementia...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764296/-medicine-doesn-t-cure-my-worries-understanding-the-drivers-of-mental-distress-in-older-nepalese-women-living-in-the-uk
#3
Lalita Kumari Sah, Rochelle Ann Burgess, Rajeeb Kumar Sah
The mental health of migrant communities is an important public health concern. A growing body of literature suggests that social and cultural determinants of health significantly contribute to the mental health and wellbeing of older migrants in their host countries. Despite the increasing population of older Nepalese migrants in the UK, there is little research exploring the mental health needs of this community. This article explores older Nepalese women's experiences of drivers of mental distress in London...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746973/family-meals-among-parents-associations-with-nutritional-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#4
Jennifer Utter, Nicole Larson, Jerica M Berge, Marla E Eisenberg, Jayne A Fulkerson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
A growing body of research suggests that children and adolescents who share frequent meals with their families report better nutrition indicators, family relationships and mental health. Yet, little research has examined whether parents who share meals with their families report the same indicators of wellbeing. The current paper addresses this question using population-based survey data and a sample of parents in the United States (n = 889, mean age 31 years) that responded to the fourth wave of the Project EAT study in 2015-16...
May 7, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745097/quality-of-life-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-a-single-centre-prospective-study
#5
Nikolaos Kopanakis, Eleftherios-Orestis Argyriou, Dimitra Vassiliadou, Christina Sidera, Maria Chionis, John Kyriazanos, Elias Efstathiou, John Spiliotis
PURPOSE: Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has become a crucial method in the management of peritoneal metastasis. This study evaluated the Quality of Life (QoL) post CRS plus HIPEC. METHODS: 80/95 patients underwent CRS plus HIPEC at the Metaxa Cancer Hospital, Piraeus, Greece from 06/2011 to 06/2015 and completed the colorectal version of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy questionnaire (FACTC, version 4) at 1 week pre-operatively and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months post-operatively...
March 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731600/the-promise-of-prevention-science-for-addressing-intergenerational-poverty
#6
Mark Van Ryzin, Diana Fishbein, Anthony Biglan
This paper reviews research suggesting that the prevention of intergenerational poverty will be enhanced if we add evidence-based family and school prevention programs to existing efforts to reduce poverty in order to address the adverse social environments that often accompany poverty. Government policies such as the Earned Income Tax Credit can reduce family poverty, but simply improving the economic stability of the family will not necessarily prevent the development of child and adolescent problems such as academic failure, antisocial behavior, drug abuse, and depression, all of which can undermine future economic wellbeing...
February 2018: Psychology, Public Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731406/the-health-promoting-conversations-intervention-for-families-with-a-critically-ill-relative-a-pilot-study
#7
S Ågren, A Eriksson, M Fredrikson, G Hollman-Frisman, L Orwelius
BACKGROUND: After intensive care unit treatment, patients often have prolonged impairments that affect their physical, cognitive and mental health. Family members can face overwhelming and emotionally challenging situations and their concerns and needs must be addressed. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the outcomes of pilot randomised control trial, a nurse-led family intervention, Health Promoting Conversations, which focused on family functioning and wellbeing in families with a critically ill member...
May 3, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720861/quality-of-life-of-ulcerative-colitis-patients-treated-surgically-with-proctocolectomy-and-j-pouch-formation-a-comparative-study-before-surgery-and-after-closure-of-the-defunctioning-ileostomy
#8
Georgios Exarchos, Antonios Gklavas, Linda Metaxa, Ioannis Papaconstantinou
Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a lifelong disease with a relapse-remission pattern that affects patients' social and psychological wellbeing. Restorative proctocolectomy and J-pouch formation is the gold-standard surgical procedure in cases where symptoms are refractory to currently available medical treatment. The aim of this study was to assess patients' quality of life (QoL) in order to evaluate the efficiency of surgery and patients' symptomatology. Methods: We performed a prospective comparative study of the QoL of 47 patients with UC, treated surgically...
May 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718961/the-implications-of-community-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-rwanda
#9
Jenevieve Mannell, Iran Seyed-Raeisy, Rochelle Burgess, Catherine Campbell
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has significant impacts on mental health. Community-focused interventions have shown promising results for addressing IPV in low-income countries, however, little is known about the implications of these interventions for women's mental wellbeing. This paper analyses data from a community-focused policy intervention in Rwanda collected in 2013-14, including focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with community members (n = 59). Our findings point to three ways in which these community members responded to IPV: (1) reconciling couples experiencing violence, (2) engaging community support through raising cases of IPV during community discussions, (3) navigating resources for women experiencing IPV, including police, social services and legal support...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716826/making-the-hidden-seen-a-narrative-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-assumption-of-care-at-birth
#10
Christine A Marsh, Jenny Browne, Jan Taylor, Deborah Davis
BACKGROUND: Being involved in any child protection system is complex and multifaceted and none more so than in non-voluntary Assumption of Care which occurs in New South Wales when, for child protection concerns, the Department of Family and Community Services removes a newborn baby from her/his mother. OBJECTIVE: This research studied childbearing women's and professionals' experiences of Assumption of Care at birth to increase understanding of individual participants' stories, how they made sense of meanings and how these experiences framed their lives...
April 28, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706916/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adaptive-functions-of-music-listening-scale
#11
Jenny M Groarke, Michael J Hogan
Music listening may serve many adaptive functions in everyday life. However, studies examining the relationship between the functions of music listening (FML) and wellbeing outcomes have produced mixed findings. The purpose of this study is to develop a new measure to assess music listening functions that is psychometrically robust, and suitable for outcomes-based research on music listening and wellbeing. Scale items were developed based on a literature review and a prior qualitative enquiry. The items were reviewed by four content experts in music psychology and scale development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700860/summoning-compassion-to-address-the-challenges-of-conservation
#12
Arian D Wallach, Marc Bekoff, Chelsea Batavia, Michael P Nelson, Daniel Ramp
Conservation practice is informed by science, but also reflects ethical beliefs about how we ought to value and interact with the Earth's biota. As human activities continue to drive extinctions and diminish critical life-sustaining ecosystem processes, achieving conservation goals becomes increasingly urgent. In our determination to react decisively, conservation challenges can be handled without due deliberation, particularly when wildlife individuals are sacrificed "for the greater good" of wildlife collectives (populations, species, ecosystems)...
April 27, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697988/emotion-regulation-mental-health-and-social-wellbeing-in-a-young-adolescent-sample-a-concurrent-and-longitudinal-investigation
#13
Elizabeth Chervonsky, Caroline Hunt
Previous research has established that the ability to manage emotions effectively is critical to healthy psychological and social development in adolescents. However, less research has considered the relationships between specific emotion regulation (ER) strategies, such as reappraisal and suppression, and social wellbeing in this age group. The current study investigated the concurrent and longitudinal relationships between 2 ER strategies (reappraisal and suppression) and social outcomes (peer victimization, friendship satisfaction, and family satisfaction) in young adolescents...
April 26, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673836/effects-of-lifestyle-modification-on-cancer-recurrence-overall-survival-and-quality-of-life-in-gynaecological-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Ladan Yeganeh, Cheryce Harrison, Amanda J Vincent, Helena Teede, Jacqueline A Boyle
The benefits of lifestyle interventions for women who have survived gynaecological cancer (GC) remain unclear. This systematic review aimed to determine the effect of lifestyle interventions on cancer recurrence, overall survival and quality of life (QoL) in women with GC. We searched Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and EBM Reviews from June to July 2016 to identify relevant literature. We included randomized controlled trials in which a lifestyle intervention (diet, weight loss, physical activity and/or behavioural interventions) were compared with a control condition (usual care, placebo or other lifestyle interventions) in women who had survived endometrial or ovarian cancer...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594487/-being-with-or-doing-for-how-the-role-of-an-end-of-life-volunteer-befriender-can-impact-patient-wellbeing-interviews-from-a-multiple-qualitative-case-study-elsa
#15
Steven Dodd, Matt Hill, Nick Ockenden, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Sheila Payne, Nancy Preston, Catherine Walshe
PURPOSE: To explore the perspectives of people anticipated to be in their last year of life, family carers, volunteers and staff on the impacts of receiving a volunteer-provided befriending service. Patient participants received up to 12 weeks of a volunteer-provided befriending intervention. Typically, this involved one visit per week from a trained volunteer. Such services complement usual care and are hoped to enhance quality of life. METHODS: Multiple case study design (n = 8)...
March 29, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578423/impact-of-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-on-health-related-quality-of-life-assessed-by-the-sf-36-questionnaire-in-patients-with-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia
#16
G Papiashvili, N Tabagari-Bregvadze, J Brugada
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of catheter ablation on different aspects of health-related quality of life in association with patients' age, gender and the type of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. We investigated 70 consecutive patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (AV Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia (AVNRT), AV Reentrant Tachycardia (AVRT) or Atrial Tachycardia (AT)) who underwent a catheter ablation. The patients were asked to fill out the short form (SF-36) health questionnaire before the ablation on the day of the procedure and after 3 months of a successful catheter ablation and eight health concept scores (1...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569768/developing-a-culturally-appropriate-branding-for-a-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-intervention-in-an-aboriginal-community
#17
Robert J Donovan, Lesley Murray, Jolleen Hicks, Amberlee Nicholas, Julia Anwar-McHenry
ISSUE ADDRESSED: An initial consultation process to implement a culturally appropriate social and emotional wellbeing campaign in an Aboriginal community indicated that the fundamental principles of the Act-Belong-Commit mental health promotion campaign were acceptable, but that a cultural adaptation of the branding should be sought. METHODS: A competition was held inviting community members to design a brand logo for the campaign in their community. Local judges selected "winners" in various categories, and six of the submissions were selected for testing in the broader community via street intercept interviews...
February 22, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569275/emotional-intelligence-and-attentional-bias-for-threat-related-emotion-under-stress
#18
Sarah K Davis
Emotional intelligence (EI) can buffer potentially harmful effects of situational and chronic stressors to safeguard psychological wellbeing (e.g., Mikolajczak, Petrides, Coumans & Luminet, ), yet understanding how and when EI operates to promote adaptation remains a research priority. We explored whether EI (both trait and ability) modulated early attentional processing of threat-related emotion under conditions of stress. Using a dot probe paradigm, eye movement (fixation to emotive facial stimuli, relative to neutral) and manual reaction time data were collected from 161 adults aged 18-57 years (mean age = 25...
March 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565607/interpersonal-touch-enhances-cognitive-control-a-neurophysiological-investigation
#19
Blair Saunders, Anja Riesel, Julia Klawohn, Michael Inzlicht
Touch is central to mammalian communication, socialization, and wellbeing. Despite this prominence, interpersonal touch is relatively understudied. In this preregistered investigation, we assessed the influence of interpersonal touch on the subjective, neural, and behavioral correlates of cognitive control. Forty-five romantic couples were recruited (N = 90; dating >6 months), and one partner performed an inhibitory control task while electroencephalography was recorded to assess neural performance monitoring...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553455/teaching-in-conflict-contexts-dimensions-of-subjective-wellbeing-in-palestinian-teachers-living-in-israel-and-the-occupied-palestinian-territory
#20
Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Jamal Dagdouke, Shaher Yagi, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: Subjective wellbeing can be defined in terms of good mental state, including positive and negative evaluations that people make of their affect and lives. The aim of this study was to identify specific domains of wellbeing that are salient to Palestinian teachers living in three different contexts (West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel) and to map how components of subjective wellbeing vary between the three cohorts. METHODS: Data were gathered from interviews of teachers participating in 16 focus groups and from 36 key informants (including psychologists, counsellors, school principals, lawyers)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
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