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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164726/functional-connectivity-changes-following-interpersonal-reactivity
#1
A L Krause, L Colic, V Borchardt, M Li, B Strauss, A Buchheim, D Wildgruber, P Fonagy, T Nolte, M Walter
Attachment experiences substantially influence emotional and cognitive development. Narratives comprising attachment-dependent content were proposed to modulate activation of cognitive-emotional schemata in listeners. We studied the effects after listening to prototypical attachment narratives on wellbeing and countertransference-reactions in 149 healthy participants. Neural correlates of these cognitive-emotional schema activations were investigated in a 7 Tesla rest-task-rest fMRI-study (23 healthy males) using functional connectivity (FC) analysis of the social approach network (seed regions: left and right Caudate Nucleus, CN)...
November 21, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154592/college-females-with-maltreatment-histories-have-atypical-autonomic-regulation-and-poor-psychological-wellbeing
#2
Lourdes P Dale, Samia K Shaikh, Laura C Fasciano, Vanessa D Watorek, Keri J Heilman, Stephen W Porges
OBJECTIVES: This study uniquely examined the impact of maltreatment (without a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) on physiological responses to a physical and an emotional stressor. The study sample was composed exclusively of women, because men may differ in maltreatment experience and neural regulation of physiological reactivity. METHOD: Participants were 60 female college students. A significant proportion of the participants reported experiencing childhood maltreatment without a history of PTSD...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149850/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-psychological-distress-positive-mental-health-and-their-predictors-in-medical-students-in-their-clinical-clerkships
#4
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Medical students can experience the transition from theory to clinical clerkships as stressful. Scientific literature on the mental health of clinical clerkship students is scarce and mental health is usually defined as absence of psychological distress without assessing psychological, emotional and social wellbeing, together called 'positive mental health'. This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of psychological distress and positive mental health and explores possible predictors in a Dutch sample of clinical clerkship students...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143155/language-and-social-emotional-and-behavioural-wellbeing-from-4-to-7%C3%A2-years-a-community-based-study
#5
Penny Levickis, Emma Sciberras, Cristina McKean, Laura Conway, Angela Pezic, Fiona K Mensah, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Patricia Eadie, Margot Prior, Sheena Reilly
Language disorder (LD) and social-emotional and behavioural (SEB) difficulties are common childhood problems that often co-occur. While there is clear evidence of these associations from clinical samples, less is known about community samples. This paper examines these associations in children aged 4-7 years from a community-based longitudinal study. 771 families provided questionnaire and assessment data at 4, 5 and 7 years. Parent-reported SEB difficulties were measured at each point (SDQ). Child language was directly assessed at 4 (CELF-P2), 5 and 7 years (CELF-4)...
November 15, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137545/exploring-the-perceived-health-benefits-of-singing-in-a-choir-an-international-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#6
Hilary Moss, Julie Lynch, Jessica O'Donoghue
AIM: This mixed-methods exploratory study investigates the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir from an international sample of choristers. METHOD: An online questionnaire including demographic information, 28 quantitative statements and two qualitative questions relating to the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir was distributed via email and social media over a period of 4 months to a sample of 1,779 choristers. Basic descriptives and comparisons between subgroups of the sample are presented along with thematic analysis of qualitative comments...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130869/effects-of-a-museum-based-social-prescription-intervention-on-quantitative-measures-of-psychological-wellbeing-in-older-adults
#7
Linda J Thomson, Bridget Lockyer, Paul M Camic, Helen J Chatterjee
AIMS: To assess psychological wellbeing in a novel social prescription intervention for older adults called Museums on Prescription and to explore the extent of change over time in six self-rated emotions ('absorbed', 'active', 'cheerful', 'encouraged', 'enlightened' and 'inspired'). METHODS: Participants ( n = 115) aged 65-94 years were referred to museum-based programmes comprising 10 weekly sessions, by healthcare and third sector organisations using inclusion criteria (e...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125509/developing-a-community-based-service-model-listening-to-the-needs-of-all-beneficiaries-and-providers
#8
Katrina Collins
PURPOSE: To inform the strategic and operational development of a community based service model at the Crann Centre, Cork, Ireland for SB children, adults, their families and providers. A needs assessment was conducted by gathering the views of multiple stakeholder perspectives within the SB community in the geographical region the Centre will serve. The intention is to create project deliverables that are responsive to the needs highlighted through this research. METHODS: The study used a multi method design with a participatory research approach to explore the needs of SB individuals, families and providers...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114717/the-quality-of-australian-indigenous-primary-health-care-research-focusing-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#9
Sara Farnbach, Anne-Maree Eades, Jamie K Fernando, Josephine D Gwynn, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett
Objectives and importance of the study: Primary health care research focused on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people is needed to ensure that key frontline services provide evidence based and culturally appropriate care. We systematically reviewed the published primary health care literature to identify research designs, processes and outcomes, and assess the scientific quality of research focused on social and emotional wellbeing. This will inform future research to improve evidence based, culturally appropriate primary health care...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105144/the-experience-of-stigma-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-an-interpretive-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#10
Lesley Dibley, Christine Norton, Elizabeth Whitehead
AIM: to explore experiences of stigma in people with inflammatory bowel disease. BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea, urgency and incontinence are common symptoms in inflammatory bowel disease. Social rules stipulate full control of bodily functions in adulthood: poor control may lead to stigmatisation, affecting patients' adjustment to disease. Disease-related stigma is associated with poorer clinical outcomes but qualitative evidence is minimal. DESIGN: An interpretive (hermeneutic) phenomenological study of the lived experience of stigma in inflammatory bowel disease...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104876/psychopathological-symptoms-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-mexican-undergraduate-students
#11
Mariel Contreras, Ana Mariela de León, Estela Martínez, Elsa Melissa Peña, Luana Marques, Julia Gallegos
College life involves a process of adaptation to changes that have an impact on the psycho-emotional development of students. Successful adaptation to this stage involves the balance between managing personal resources and potential stressors that generate distress. This epidemiological descriptive and transversal study estimates the prevalence of psychopathological symptomatology and psychological well-being among 516 college students, 378 (73.26%) women and 138 (26.74%) men, ages between 17 and 24, from the city of Monterrey in Mexico...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Science Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103371/prolonged-incarceration-and-prisoners-wellbeing-livid-experiences-of-awaiting-trial-pre-trial-remand-prisoners-in-nigeria
#12
Charles T Orjiakor, Dorothy I Ugwu, John E Eze, Leonard I Ugwu, Peace N Ibeagha, Desmond U Onu
PURPOSE: Awaiting trial prisoners (ATPs) are represented in prisons globally, and may stay for long periods in detention. This group is however underrepresented in literature on incarcerated persons. We aim to explore the lived experiences of ATPs detained for prolonged years in a sub-Saharan country; examining what they make of their status and how their conditions have affected their wellbeing. METHOD: Eight inmates awaiting trial for armed robbery and murder offences, held for between 8 years and 15 years participated in a focus group discussion...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063346/tho-much-is-taken-much-abides-asylum-seekers-subjective-wellbeing
#13
Debbie C Hocking
The influence of psychosocial factors on the subjective wellbeing of asylum-seekers residing in host Western countries has scarcely been explored qualitatively. Qualitative data derived from a mixed methods prospective study investigated the subjective wellbeing of 56 community-dwelling asylum-seekers and refugees at baseline and an average of 15.7 months later. Positive and negative experiences over time were explored in relation to self-perceived emotional health. Nineteen positive and 15 negative categories of experience emerged...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051700/adolescent-sex-differences-in-response-to-a-mindfulness-intervention-a-call-for-research
#14
Karen Bluth, Patricia N E Roberson, Susan S Girdler
Research on mindfulness interventions with adolescents has burgeoned over the last ten years, and findings have demonstrated increases in overall emotional wellbeing post-intervention. However, little is known about the differences between males and females in response to mindfulness interventions in this age group. In the present study we examine sex differences in outcomes of physiological stress markers during the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and emotional wellbeing measures before and after a mindfulness intervention (N = 15) with 10 female and 5 male adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049283/the-impact-of-muscle-relaxation-techniques-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients-as-measured-by-the-fact-g-questionnaire
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Paula Parás-Bravo, Paloma Salvadores-Fuentes, Cristina Alonso-Blanco, María Paz-Zulueta, Miguel Santibañez-Margüello, Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Ester Boixadera-Planas, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer frequently suffer from emotional distress, characterized by psychological symptoms such as anxiety or depression. The presence of psychological symptoms combined with the complex nature of oncology processes can negatively impact patients' quality of life. We aimed to determine the impact of a relaxation protocol on improving quality of life in a sample of oncological patients treated in the Spanish National Public Health System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter interventional study without a control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035960/web-based-therapeutic-interventions-for-assessing-managing-and-treating-health-conditions-in-indigenous-people-a-scoping-review-protocol
#16
Odette Gibson, Rachel Reilly, Stephen Harfield, Catalin Tufanaru, James Ward
The objective of the scoping review is to map the international scientific literature on web-based therapeutic interventions (WBTI) used by Indigenous people for assessing, managing and treating health conditions. The focus of this review is WBTIs for a broad range of health conditions, including but not limited to, communicable and non-communicable diseases, mental health conditions (including the broader concept of social and emotional wellbeing), use of harmful substances and gambling.The questions for the scoping review are...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989547/teaching-mindfulness-to-teachers-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#17
REVIEW
Lisa-Marie Emerson, Anna Leyland, Kristian Hudson, Georgina Rowse, Pam Hanley, Siobhan Hugh-Jones
School teachers report high levels of stress which impact on their engagement with pupils and effectiveness as a teacher. Early intervention or prevention approaches may support teachers to develop positive coping and reduce the experience and impact of stress. This article reviews research on one such approach: mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for school teachers. A systematic review and narrative synthesis were conducted for quantitative and qualitative studies that report the effects of MBIs for teachers of children aged 5-18 years on symptoms of stress and emotion regulation and self-efficacy...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960841/everyday-executive-function-predicts-adaptive-and-internalizing-behavior-among-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Emily Gardiner, Grace Iarocci
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate challenges with executive function (EF), adaptive behavior, and mental health, all of which place long-term wellbeing at risk. In the current study we examined the relation between parent-rated EF and adaptive functioning and internalizing symptoms (anxiety, depression), as we expected that identifying the specific EF domains most closely related to these indices of functioning would illuminate opportunities for targeted intervention. Participants included 59 children and adolescents with ASD (M = 10...
September 27, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950874/-work-it-out-evaluation-of-a-chronic-condition-self-management-program-for-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-with-or-at-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Kyly Mills, Michelle L Gatton, Ray Mahoney, Alison Nelson
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases disproportionately burden Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia, with cardiovascular (CV) diseases being the greatest contributor. To improve quality of life and life expectancy for people living with CV disease, secondary prevention strategies such as rehabilitation and self-management programs are critical. However, there is no published evidence examining the effect of chronic condition self-management (CCSM) group programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who have, or are at risk of, CV disease specifically...
September 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929413/accessing-support-before-or-after-a-parent-dies-from-cancer-and-young-people-s-current-wellbeing
#20
A Varathakeyan, F E J McDonald, P Patterson, K Nicholson Perry, K R Allison
PURPOSE: To examine differences in distress and unmet needs between bereaved adolescent and young adult (AYA) offspring who accessed support before and after being bereaved by parental cancer, and to explore aspects of their cancer experience that influenced their help-seeking. METHODS: Phase 1: Surveys completed by AYAs (11-26 years) bereaved by parental cancer were subjected to analysis of covariance examining differences in distress and unmet needs between those who accessed support before (n = 159) and after (n = 212) parental bereavement...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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