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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890750/the-use-of-social-media-communications-in-brain-aneurysms-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-mixed-method-analysis
#1
Naif M Alotaibi, Nardin Samuel, Justin Wang, Christopher S Ahuja, Daipayan Guha, George M Ibrahim, Tom A Schweizer, Gustavo Saposnik, R Loch Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a ruptured or unruptured brain aneurysm has a significant impact on patients' quality of life and their psychosocial wellbeing. As a result, patients and caregivers may resort to social media platforms for support and education. The aim of this report is to evaluate the current use of social media and the online communications regarding brain aneurysms. METHODS: Three social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter and YouTube) were assessed for public content pertaining to brain aneurysms in March 2016...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#2
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871320/assessment-of-the-dimensionality-of-the-wijma-delivery-expectancy-experience-questionnaire-using-factor-analysis-and-rasch-analysis
#3
J F Pallant, H M Haines, P Green, J Toohill, J Gamble, D K Creedy, J Fenwick
BACKGROUND: Fear of childbirth has negative consequences for a woman's physical and emotional wellbeing. The most commonly used measurement tool for childbirth fear is the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (WDEQ-A). Although originally conceptualized as unidimensional, subsequent investigations have suggested it is multidimensional. This study aimed to undertake a detailed psychometric assessment of the WDEQ-A; exploring the dimensionality and identifying possible subscales that may have clinical and research utility...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868300/outcomes-of-using-telehealth-for-the-provision-of-healthcare-to-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-a-systematic-review
#4
Liam J Caffery, Natalie K Bradford, Sumudu I Wickramasinghe, Noel Hayman, Anthony C Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine reported outcomes of health services delivered by telehealth to Indigenous Australians. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Searches were conducted to identify articles that reported a telehealth service used to provide clinical services to Indigenous Australians. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria. Findings were synthesised narratively and reported using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862615/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-bipolar-disorder-and-social-interaction-a-qualitative-investigation
#5
Rebecca Owen, Patricia Gooding, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that social support can influence relapse rates, functioning and various clinical outcomes in people with bipolar disorder. Yet 'social support' is a poorly defined construct, and the mechanisms by which it affects illness course in bipolar disorder remain largely unknown. Key aims of this study were to ascertain which facets of social interaction affect mood management in bipolar disorder, and how symptoms of bipolar disorder can influence the level of support received...
November 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846732/complete-mental-health-in-adult-siblings-of-those-with-a-chronic-illness-or-disability
#6
Madeleine Hallion, Amanda Taylor, Rachel Roberts
INTRODUCTION: Sibling relationships have lifelong significance and childhood chronic illness and disability can have considerable impacts on healthy siblings, influencing development into adulthood. Research has not yet assessed well-being in this population using measures of both mental health and mental illness. Thus, this study assessed well-being in a comprehensive manner using the complete mental health (CMH) model. METHOD: Participants (N = 144) included both adult siblings of those with chronic illness or disability and adults with healthy siblings...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826690/identifying-protective-factors-to-promote-health-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-adolescents-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Michele Henson, Samantha Sabo, Aurora Trujillo, Nicolette Teufel-Shone
Exposure to protective factors, conditions that protect against the occurrence of an undesirable outcome or promote the occurrence of a desirable outcome within an adolescent's environment, can foster healthy adolescent behaviors and reduce adult morbidity and mortality. Yet, little is known about the nature and effect of protective factors on the positive social and health outcomes among American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescents. We conducted a review of the literature to identify the protective factors associated with positive health outcomes among AIAN adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826265/estimating-the-epidemiology-and-quantifying-the-damages-of-parental-separation-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Dolores Seijo, Francisca Fariña, Tania Corras, Mercedes Novo, Ramon Arce
Parental separation is linked to multiple negative outcomes for children in all spheres of life. A field study was designed to estimate the epidemiology and to quantify the outcomes on the wellbeing of children from separated parents. Thus, data on socio-economic status, psychological adjustment, behavioral disorders, social relations, self-concept, and academic achievement were gathered from 346 children and adolescents, 173 separated parents, and 173 parents from intact families in the paediatric catchment area of Galicia (Spain)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787344/unpacking-the-influence-of-sexual-stigma-on-hiv-risk-results-from-a-prospective-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-beijing-china
#9
Kyung-Hee Choi, Wayne T Steward, Pierre Miège, Steven E Gregorich
OBJECTIVE: We examined the mediating roles of coping, depression, anxiety, and encountering difficult sexual situations in explaining the association between stigma against men who have sex with men (MSM) and HIV risk. METHODS: We conducted path analyses using longitudinal data collected from 493 Chinese MSM in Beijing at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months from 2011 to 2013. RESULTS: MSM stigma, specifically anticipations of stigma, had a marginally significant, protective total effect on unprotected anal intercourse at 12 months...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760393/social-networks-social-participation-and-health-among-youth-living-in-extreme-poverty-in-rural-malawi
#10
Amelia Rock, Clare Barrington, Sara Abdoulayi, Maxton Tsoka, Peter Mvula, Sudhanshu Handa
Extensive research documents that social network characteristics affect health, but knowledge of peer networks of youth in Malawi and sub-Saharan Africa is limited. We examine the networks and social participation of youth living in extreme poverty in rural Malawi, using in-depth interviews with 32 youth and caregivers. We describe youth's peer networks and assess how gender and the context of extreme poverty influence their networks and participation, and how their networks influence health. In-school youth had larger, more interactive, and more supportive networks than out-of-school youth, and girls described less social participation and more isolation than boys...
October 8, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751835/qualitative-questionnaire-on-the-psychosocial-wellbeing-of-mothers-of%C3%A2-children-with-beec
#11
Massimo Di Grazia, Sandra Pellizzoni, Luca Giacomo Tonegatti, Waifro Rigamonti
INTRODUCTION: The bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) represents a spectrum of malformations that affect the anatomical and functional structure of the urogenital system. The parents of patients affected by this condition are subject to particularly stressful situations, such as worrying about their child's health, long hospital stays, concerns about the health and constant need for personal care for their children, that can profoundly compromise the quality of family life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this explorative qualitative study is to evaluate the social situation and the psychological strategies implemented by the mothers of children between 6 and 10 years of age who are affected by BEEC...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747179/a-prospective-study-on-quality-of-life-in-youths-after-pectus-excavatum-correction
#12
Johanne Jeppesen Lomholt, Elisabeth Brammer Jacobsen, Mikael Thastum, Hans Pilegaard
BACKGROUND: The impact of correction of pectus excavatum (PE) on adolescents' health-related quality of life (HRQL) has only been investigated in prospective designs using disease-specific measures and without controls. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the HRQL before and after surgical correction of PE using a generic HRQL measure, and to compare the reported level of HRQL before surgery with an age-comparable control group. METHODS: Patients (n=107) and one of their parents (n=106) completed the generic HRQL measure: the Child Health Questionnaire before, 3 months, and 6 months after correction for PE...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696578/systematic-review-of-psychosocial-outcomes-for-patients-with-advanced-melanoma
#13
Jeff Dunn, Maggie Watson, Joanne F Aitken, Melissa K Hyde
BACKGROUND: New advanced melanoma therapies are associated with improved survival however quality of survivorship, particularly psychosocial outcomes, for patients overall and those treated with newer therapies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: Synthesise qualitative and quantitative evidence about psychosocial outcomes for advanced (stage III/IV) melanoma patients. METHODS: Five databases were searched (01/01/1980 to 31/01/2016). INCLUSION CRITERIA: advanced melanoma patients or sub-group analysis; assessed psychosocial outcomes; English language...
October 3, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663819/the-new-functional-identity-a-body-that-thinks-a-mind-that-feels-frontiers-and-unexplored-territories-of-the-body-and-mind-zone
#14
Maria Grazia Spurio
For a long time, terms like "mind" and "emotion" have rarely been taken into account, not even mentioned in the medical texts. The latest scientific researches, including the studies of Candace Pert, on the contrary, have emphasized that the entire body thinks, because every single cell hears, and feels emotions. The international researcher has discovered the endocrines and a vast number of neuropeptides, that work as an "information network" that interconnects the entire body, the "psychic" molecules are transmitted and travel, communicating information as in a circular and recursive body - mind mechanism...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634166/motor-trajectories-from-birth-to-5-years-of-children-born-at-less-than-30-weeks-gestation-early-predictors-and-functional-implications-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Alicia J Spittle, Jennifer L McGinley, Deanne Thompson, Ross Clark, Tara L FitzGerald, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Katherine J Lee, Joy E Olsen, Alice Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Elisha Josev, Bonnie Alexander, Claire E Kelly, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills. These skills form the basis for more complex skills that are required to competently and confidently participate in schooling, sporting and recreational activities...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632857/effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-high-school-and-college-athletes-for-reducing-stress-and-injury-and-improving-quality-of-life
#16
Haley Petterson, Bernadette L Olson
: Clinical Scenario: Student athletes experience a variety of stressors from school and social activities, as well as the additional demands of sport participation. Mindfulness-based interventions can help increase mental awareness and acceptance, as well as mitigate negative thoughts and emotions. The use of mindfulness-based interventions may be beneficial for reducing thoughts of stress, injury reduction, and improving overall wellbeing. CLINICAL QUESTION: Does the use of mindfulness-based interventions for student-athletes aged 13-24 years reduce stress and injury as well as improve overall quality of life? SUMMARY OF FINDINGS: The literature was searched for studies that investigated the use of mindfulness-based strategies for student-athletes specifically for reducing stress and injury and/or improving quality of life...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631321/-gender-aspects-in-female-and-male-physicians-occupational-and-psychosocial-stress
#17
P Beschoner, M Braun, C Schönfeldt-Lecuona, R W Freudenmann, J von Wietersheim
BACKGROUND: International studies have shown that physicians have an elevated risk of developing depression or burnout syndrome. Gender aspects with regard to occupation are discussed in German politics and society. Currently, there is little data comparing female and male physicians with regard to stress at work, depression, and burnout. OBJECTIVES: Are there differences between male and female physicians with respect to psychosocial strain, emotional exhaustion, and depression? METHODS: In different cross-sectional studies, anaesthetists, psychiatrists and dentists filled out a questionnaire containing questions on personal data, occupation, past medical history and medication intake...
October 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503363/genetic-mapping-of-canine-fear-and-aggression
#18
Isain Zapata, James A Serpell, Carlos E Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Fear/anxiety and anger/aggression greatly influence health, quality of life and social interactions. They are a huge burden to wellbeing, and personal and public economics. However, while much is known about the physiology and neuroanatomy of such emotions, little is known about their genetics - most importantly, why some individuals are more susceptible to pathology under stress. RESULTS: We conducted genomewide association (GWA) mapping of breed stereotypes for many fear and aggression traits across several hundred dogs from diverse breeds...
2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487468/a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-exploring-the-experience-health-practitioners-have-when-working-with-families-to-safeguard-children-and-the-invisibility-of-the-emotions-work-involved
#19
Jillian Taylor, Pam Smith, Julie Taylor
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the emotions work undertaken by practitioners with responsibility for the safeguarding of child well-being and establish whether there is a relationship between emotion work, role visibility, professional well-being and effectiveness of supportive frameworks. BACKGROUND: Protecting children is the responsibility of everyone in society with health, social care and public health services leading this worldwide. To safeguard children effectively, it is known that practitioners build relationships with families in sometimes challenging situations, which involve the management of emotions...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471019/associations-between-physical-activity-and-self-rated-wellbeing-in-european-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Adilson Marques, Miguel Peralta, João Martins, Ricardo Catunda, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Luís Saboga Nunes
Although self-rated wellbeing is an indicator of health status, it has been receiving little attention; its relationship with physical activity among adults remains inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to analyse the relationship between physical activity and several dimensions of self-rated wellbeing in European adults. This cross-sectional study was based on data from the European Social Survey round 6, 2012, comprising 40,600 European adults (18,418 men, 22,186 women) from 27 countries, with mean age 42...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
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