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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080085/suppression-and-expression-of-emotion-in-social-and-interpersonal-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#2
Elizabeth Chervonsky, Caroline Hunt
Emotion expression is critical for the communication of important social information, such as emotional states and behavioral intentions. However, people tend to vary in their level of emotional expression. This meta-analysis investigated the relationships between levels of emotion expression and suppression, and social and interpersonal outcomes. PsycINFO databases, as well as reference lists were searched. Forty-three papers from a total of 3,200 papers met inclusion criteria, allowing for 105 effect sizes to be calculated...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068794/the-impact-of-cardiac-arrest-on-the-long-term-wellbeing-and-caregiver-burden-of-family-caregivers-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Helena Gfm van Wijnen, Sascha Mc Rasquin, Caroline M van Heugten, Jeanine A Verbunt, Véronique Rm Moulaert
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to gain insight in the functioning of caregivers of cardiac arrest survivors at 12 months after a cardiac arrest. Secondly, the course of the wellbeing of the caregivers during the first year was studied. Finally, factors that are associated with a higher care burden at 12 months after the cardiac arrest were investigated. SUBJECTS: A total of 195 family caregivers of cardiac arrest survivors were included. MAIN MEASURES: Quality of life (SF-36, EuroQol-VAS), caregiver strain (CSI) and emotional functioning (HADS, IES) were measured at two weeks, three months and one year after the cardiac arrest...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068155/the-cost-of-survival-an-exploration-of-colorectal-cancer-survivors-experiences-of-pain
#4
Amanda Drury, Sheila Payne, Anne-Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine report 'From Cancer Patient to Cancer Survivor' has drawn widespread attention to the experiences of cancer survivors. Research examining the symptom experiences of survivors are proliferative within the literature but limited by samples which include multiple tumor groups and varying inclusion criteria. This cross-sectional quantitative study seeks to examine pain and quality of life (QoL) in the context of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivorship, as defined by the Institute of Medicine...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067092/-its-all-part-of-the-big-change-a-grounded-theory-study-of-women-s-identity-during-menopause
#5
Judith Sergeant, Rosemary Rizq
This study explores the impact of menopause on women's identity and considers the effect of sociocultural factors on their experience of this stage of life. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 women and analysed following constructivist Grounded Theory methods. Women described uncertainty produced by their changing bodies. Menopause was interpreted as marking transition to another phase of life, which necessitated renegotiation of role and status in the face of menopause narratives questioning women's relevance, vigour, attractiveness and emotional stability...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054417/aboriginal-prisoners-and-cognitive-impairment-the-impact-of-dual-disadvantage-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing
#6
S M Shepherd, J R P Ogloff, D Shea, J E Pfeifer, Y Paradies
BACKGROUND: Negligible information is available regarding the Social and Emotional Wellbeing (SEWB) needs of Aboriginal Australian individuals in custody with cognitive impairment. This is problematic given that Aboriginal people with cognitive impairment often experience dual disadvantage in the context of the justice system. This study sought to ascertain the relationship between cognitive impairment and mental health/cultural needs (SEWB) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in custody...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039658/factors-associated-with-parental-adaptation-to-children-with-an-undiagnosed-medical-condition
#7
Tatiane Yanes, Linda Humphreys, Aideen McInerney-Leo, Barbara Biesecker
Little is known about the adaptive process and experiences of parents raising a child with an undiagnosed medical condition. The present study aims to assess how uncertainty, hope, social support, and coping efficacy contributes to adaptation among parents of children with an undiagnosed medical condition. Sixty-two parents of child affected by an undiagnosed medical condition for at least two years completed an electronically self-administered survey. Descriptive analysis suggested parents in this population had significantly lower adaptation scores when compared to other parents of children with undiagnosed medical conditions, and parents of children with a diagnosed intellectual and/or physical disability...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990301/robotic-seals-as-therapeutic-tools-in-an-aged-care-facility-a-qualitative-study
#8
Melanie Birks, Marie Bodak, Joanna Barlas, June Harwood, Mary Pether
Robots, including robotic seals, have been used as an alternative to therapies such as animal assisted therapy in the promotion of health and social wellbeing of older people in aged care facilities. There is limited research available that evaluates the effectiveness of robot therapies in these settings. The aim of this study was to identify, explore, and describe the impact of the use of Paro robotic seals in an aged care facility in a regional Australian city. A qualitative, descriptive, exploratory design was employed...
2016: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983749/social-and-emotional-loneliness-and-self-reported-difficulty-initiating-and-maintaining-sleep-dims-in-a-sample-of-norwegian-university-students
#9
Amie C Hayley, Luke A Downey, Con Stough, Børge Sivertsen, Marit Knapstad, Simon Øverland
Social and emotional loneliness negatively impact several areas of health, including sleep. However, few comprehensive population-based studies have evaluated this relationship. Over 12,000 students aged 21-35 years who participated in the student survey for higher education in Norway (the SHoT study) were assessed. Loneliness was assessed using the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale. Difficulty initiating and maintaining sleep (DIMS) was assessed by a single-item subjective response on the depression scale of the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25)...
December 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890750/the-use-of-social-media-communications-in-brain-aneurysms-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-mixed-method-analysis
#10
Naif M Alotaibi, Nardin Samuel, Justin Wang, Christopher S Ahuja, Daipayan Guha, George M Ibrahim, Tom A Schweizer, Gustavo Saposnik, R Loch Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a ruptured or unruptured brain aneurysm has a significant impact on patients' quality of life and their psychosocial wellbeing. As a result, patients and caregivers may resort to social media platforms for support and education. The aim of this report is to evaluate the current use of social media and the online communications regarding brain aneurysms. METHODS: Three social media platforms (Facebook, Twitter and YouTube) were assessed for public content pertaining to brain aneurysms in March 2016...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#11
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871320/assessment-of-the-dimensionality-of-the-wijma-delivery-expectancy-experience-questionnaire-using-factor-analysis-and-rasch-analysis
#12
J F Pallant, H M Haines, P Green, J Toohill, J Gamble, D K Creedy, J Fenwick
BACKGROUND: Fear of childbirth has negative consequences for a woman's physical and emotional wellbeing. The most commonly used measurement tool for childbirth fear is the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (WDEQ-A). Although originally conceptualized as unidimensional, subsequent investigations have suggested it is multidimensional. This study aimed to undertake a detailed psychometric assessment of the WDEQ-A; exploring the dimensionality and identifying possible subscales that may have clinical and research utility...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868300/outcomes-of-using-telehealth-for-the-provision-of-healthcare-to-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-a-systematic-review
#13
Liam J Caffery, Natalie K Bradford, Sumudu I Wickramasinghe, Noel Hayman, Anthony C Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine reported outcomes of health services delivered by telehealth to Indigenous Australians. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Searches were conducted to identify articles that reported a telehealth service used to provide clinical services to Indigenous Australians. Articles were screened for inclusion using pre-defined criteria. Findings were synthesised narratively and reported using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
November 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862615/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-bipolar-disorder-and-social-interaction-a-qualitative-investigation
#14
Rebecca Owen, Patricia Gooding, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that social support can influence relapse rates, functioning and various clinical outcomes in people with bipolar disorder. Yet 'social support' is a poorly defined construct, and the mechanisms by which it affects illness course in bipolar disorder remain largely unknown. Key aims of this study were to ascertain which facets of social interaction affect mood management in bipolar disorder, and how symptoms of bipolar disorder can influence the level of support received...
November 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846732/complete-mental-health-in-adult-siblings-of-those-with-a-chronic-illness-or-disability
#15
Madeleine Hallion, Amanda Taylor, Rachel Roberts
INTRODUCTION: Sibling relationships have lifelong significance and childhood chronic illness and disability can have considerable impacts on healthy siblings, influencing development into adulthood. Research has not yet assessed well-being in this population using measures of both mental health and mental illness. Thus, this study assessed well-being in a comprehensive manner using the complete mental health (CMH) model. METHOD: Participants (N = 144) included both adult siblings of those with chronic illness or disability and adults with healthy siblings...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826690/identifying-protective-factors-to-promote-health-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-adolescents-a-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Michele Henson, Samantha Sabo, Aurora Trujillo, Nicolette Teufel-Shone
Exposure to protective factors, conditions that protect against the occurrence of an undesirable outcome or promote the occurrence of a desirable outcome within an adolescent's environment, can foster healthy adolescent behaviors and reduce adult morbidity and mortality. Yet, little is known about the nature and effect of protective factors on the positive social and health outcomes among American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescents. We conducted a review of the literature to identify the protective factors associated with positive health outcomes among AIAN adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826265/estimating-the-epidemiology-and-quantifying-the-damages-of-parental-separation-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Dolores Seijo, Francisca Fariña, Tania Corras, Mercedes Novo, Ramon Arce
Parental separation is linked to multiple negative outcomes for children in all spheres of life. A field study was designed to estimate the epidemiology and to quantify the outcomes on the wellbeing of children from separated parents. Thus, data on socio-economic status, psychological adjustment, behavioral disorders, social relations, self-concept, and academic achievement were gathered from 346 children and adolescents, 173 separated parents, and 173 parents from intact families in the paediatric catchment area of Galicia (Spain)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787344/unpacking-the-influence-of-sexual-stigma-on-hiv-risk-results-from-a-prospective-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-beijing-china
#18
Kyung-Hee Choi, Wayne T Steward, Pierre Miège, Steven E Gregorich
OBJECTIVE: We examined the mediating roles of coping, depression, anxiety, and encountering difficult sexual situations in explaining the association between stigma against men who have sex with men (MSM) and HIV risk. METHODS: We conducted path analyses using longitudinal data collected from 493 Chinese MSM in Beijing at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months from 2011 to 2013. RESULTS: MSM stigma, specifically anticipations of stigma, had a marginally significant, protective total effect on unprotected anal intercourse at 12 months...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760393/social-networks-social-participation-and-health-among-youth-living-in-extreme-poverty-in-rural-malawi
#19
Amelia Rock, Clare Barrington, Sara Abdoulayi, Maxton Tsoka, Peter Mvula, Sudhanshu Handa
Extensive research documents that social network characteristics affect health, but knowledge of peer networks of youth in Malawi and sub-Saharan Africa is limited. We examine the networks and social participation of youth living in extreme poverty in rural Malawi, using in-depth interviews with 32 youth and caregivers. We describe youth's peer networks and assess how gender and the context of extreme poverty influence their networks and participation, and how their networks influence health. In-school youth had larger, more interactive, and more supportive networks than out-of-school youth, and girls described less social participation and more isolation than boys...
October 8, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751835/qualitative-questionnaire-on-the-psychosocial-wellbeing-of-mothers-of%C3%A2-children-with-beec
#20
Massimo Di Grazia, Sandra Pellizzoni, Luca Giacomo Tonegatti, Waifro Rigamonti
INTRODUCTION: The bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC) represents a spectrum of malformations that affect the anatomical and functional structure of the urogenital system. The parents of patients affected by this condition are subject to particularly stressful situations, such as worrying about their child's health, long hospital stays, concerns about the health and constant need for personal care for their children, that can profoundly compromise the quality of family life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this explorative qualitative study is to evaluate the social situation and the psychological strategies implemented by the mothers of children between 6 and 10 years of age who are affected by BEEC...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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