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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736726/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-screening-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-within-primary-health-care-a-series-of-missed-opportunities
#1
Erika Langham, Janya McCalman, Veronica Matthews, Roxanne Gwendalyn Bainbridge, Barbara Nattabi, Irina Kinchin, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) is a critical determinant of health outcomes for Indigenous Australians. This study examined the extent to which primary healthcare services (PHSs) undertake SEWB screening and management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, and the variation in SEWB screening and management across Indigenous PHS. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis between 2012 and 2014 of 3,407 Indigenous client records from a non-representative sample of 100 PHSs in 4 Australian states/territory was undertaken to examine variation in the documentation of: (1) SEWB screening using identified measurement instruments, (2) concern regarding SEWB, (3) actions in response to concern, and (4) follow up actions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713296/affective-and-engagement-issues-in-the-conception-and-assessment-of-a-robot-assisted-psychomotor-therapy-for-persons-with-dementia
#2
Natacha Rouaix, Laure Retru-Chavastel, Anne-Sophie Rigaud, Clotilde Monnet, Hermine Lenoir, Maribel Pino
The interest in robot-assisted therapies (RAT) for dementia care has grown steadily in recent years. However, RAT using humanoid robots is still a novel practice for which the adhesion mechanisms, indications and benefits remain unclear. Also, little is known about how the robot's behavioral and affective style might promote engagement of persons with dementia (PwD) in RAT. The present study sought to investigate the use of a humanoid robot in a psychomotor therapy for PwD. We examined the robot's potential to engage participants in the intervention and its effect on their emotional state...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707520/who-are-the-lonely-a-typology-of-loneliness-in-new-zealand
#3
Hannah Hawkins-Elder, Taciano L Milfont, Matthew D Hammond, Chris G Sibley
BACKGROUND: Loneliness has many negative physical and mental health ramifications and is most prevalent among vulnerable social groups. However, little is known about how loneliness is grouped within the population and the characteristics of those groups. METHODS: We conducted a Latent Profile Analysis on 18,264 participants from the fifth wave of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study to identify the number of distinct loneliness profiles in the population...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689090/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-assessment-instruments-for-use-with-indigenous-australians-a-critical-review
#4
REVIEW
M Le Grande, C F Ski, D R Thompson, P Scuffham, S Kularatna, A C Jackson, A Brown
RATIONALE: There is growing recognition that in addition to universally recognised domains and indicators of wellbeing (such as population health and life expectancy), additional frameworks are required to fully explain and measure Indigenous wellbeing. In particular, Indigenous Australian wellbeing is largely determined by colonisation, historical trauma, grief, loss, and ongoing social marginalisation. Dominant mainstream indicators of wellbeing based on the biomedical model may therefore be inadequate and not entirely relevant in the Indigenous context...
July 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680408/a-potential-role-for-mu-opioids-in-mediating-the-positive-effects-of-gratitude
#5
REVIEW
Max Henning, Glenn R Fox, Jonas Kaplan, Hanna Damasio, Antonio Damasio
Gratitude is a complex emotional feeling associated with universally desirable positive effects in personal, social, and physiological domains. Why or how gratitude achieves these functional outcomes is not clear. Toward the goal of identifying its' underlying physiological processes, we recently investigated the neural correlates of gratitude. In our study, participants were exposed to gratitude-inducing stimuli, and rated each according to how much gratitude it provoked. As expected, self-reported gratitude intensity correlated with brain activity in distinct regions of the medial pre-frontal cortex associated with social reward and moral cognition...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678190/taste-salt-consumption-and-local-explanations-around-hypertension-in-a-rural-population-in-northern-peru
#6
M Amalia Pesantes, Francisco Diez-Canseco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Vilarmina Ponce-Lucero, J Jaime Miranda
Interventions to promote behaviors to reduce sodium intake require messages tailored to local understandings of the relationship between what we eat and our health. We studied local explanations about hypertension, the relationship between local diet, salt intake, and health status, and participants' opinions about changing food habits. This study provided inputs for a social marketing campaign in Peru promoting the use of a salt substitute containing less sodium than regular salt. Qualitative methods (focus groups and in-depth interviews) were utilized with local populations, people with hypertension, and health personnel in six rural villages...
July 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675583/experiencing-health-related-quality-of-life-in-paediatric-short-stature-a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-statements-from-patients-and-parents
#7
Rachel Sommer, Monika Bullinger, John Chaplin, Ju-Ky Do, Mick Power, Andreas Pleil, Julia Quitmann
OBJECTIVES: Direct assessment of the patient perspective is necessary to thoroughly understand patients' experiences of disease. We aimed to examine information from children with short stature on their perceived HrQoL within 5 European countries. METHODS: Patients, identified through clinical databases, were approached by their clinicians according to the inclusion criteria regarding a diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency or idiopathic short stature and age requirements...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675195/how-to-deal-with-violent-and-aggressive-patients-in-acute-medical-settings
#8
R H Harwood
Dealing with violence and aggression is an area where health professionals often feel uncertain. Standing at the interface between medicine, psychiatry and law, the best actions may not be clear, and guidelines neither consistently applicable nor explicit. An aggressive, violent or abusive patient may be behaving anti-socially or criminally. But in acute medical settings it is more likely that a medical, mental health or emotional problem, or some combination thereof, is the explanation and usually we will not know the relative contribution of each element...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668759/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-youth-reported-to-child-welfare-results-from-the-national-survey-of-child-adolescent-wellbeing
#9
Antonio R Garcia, Meera Gupta, Johanna K P Greeson, Allison Thompson, Christina DeNard
The negative influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) outcomes are well documented. However, no research to date has examined the effect of ACEs on SEB outcomes in youth who received mental health services after reporting to the child welfare system. This study's analyses of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II revealed that the most prevalent ACEs included hospitalization for a medical condition, neglect, and exposures to domestic and community violence...
June 29, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632005/sleep-problems-and-life-satisfaction-as-predictors-of-health-in-men-with-sex-chromosome-aneuploidies
#10
Krister W Fjermestad, Simen Stokke
More knowledge is needed about men with sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA). We present self-reported data from 53 men with SCA (Mage = 36.8 years, SD = 12.3, range 19-67). The Health Survey-Short Form (SF-36) measured eight health domains (physical functioning, role-physical, role-emotional, vitality, emotional health, social functioning, pain, general health). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index measured sleep problems. The Personal Wellbeing Index measured satisfaction with eight life domains. Compared to norms, SCA reported poorer health (mean d = -0...
February 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619085/validity-of-a-family-centered-approach-for-assessing-infants-social-emotional-wellbeing-and-their-developmental-context-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Margriet Hielkema, Andrea F De Winter, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Family-centered care seems promising in preventive pediatrics, but evidence is lacking as to whether this type of care is also valid as a means to identify risks to infants' social-emotional development. We aimed to examine the validity of such a family-centered approach. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study. During routine well-child visits (2-15 months), Preventive Child Healthcare (PCH) professionals used a family-centered approach, assessing domains as parents' competence, role of the partner, social support, barriers within the care-giving context, and child's wellbeing for 2976 children as protective, indistinct or a risk...
June 15, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619041/assessment-of-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-diabetes-patient-education-using-the-health-education-impact-questionnaire-heiq
#12
Ditte Hjorth Laursen, Karl Bang Christensen, Ulla Christensen, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a progressive chronic illness that will affect more than 500 million people worldwide by 2030. It is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Finding the right care management for diabetes patients is necessary to effectively address the growing population of affected individuals and escalating costs. Patient education is one option for improving patient self-management. However, there are large discrepancies in the outcomes of such programs and long-term data are lacking...
June 15, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617197/chronic-early-life-stress-induced-by-limited-bedding-and-nesting-lbn-material-in-rodents-critical-considerations-of-methodology-outcomes-and-translational-potential
#13
Claire-Dominique Walker, Kevin G Bath, Marian Joels, Aniko Korosi, Muriel Larauche, Paul J Lucassen, Margaret J Morris, Charlis Raineki, Tania L Roth, Regina M Sullivan, Yvette Taché, Tallie Z Baram
The immediate and long-term effects of exposure to early life stress (ELS) have been documented in humans and animal models. Even relatively brief periods of stress during the first 10 days of life in rodents can impact later behavioral regulation and the vulnerability to develop adult pathologies, in particular an impairment of cognitive functions and neurogenesis, but also modified social, emotional, and conditioned fear responses. The development of preclinical models of ELS exposure allows the examination of mechanisms and testing of therapeutic approaches that are not possible in humans...
July 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610633/health-care-users-key-community-informants-and-primary-health-care-workers-views-on-health-health-promotion-health-assets-and-deficits-qualitative-study-in-seven-spanish-regions
#14
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Anna Berenguera, Núria Coma-Auli, Haizea Pombo-Ramos, Sebastià March, Angela Asensio-Martínez, Patricia Moreno-Peral, Sara Mora-Simón, Maria Martínez-Andrés, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Although some articles have analysed the definitions of health and health promotion from the perspective of health-care users and health care professionals, no published studies include the simultaneous participation of health-care users, primary health care professionals and key community informants. Understanding the perception of health and health promotion amongst these different stakeholders is crucial for the design and implementation of successful, equitable and sustainable measures that improve the health and wellbeing of populations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610603/an-australian-indigenous-community-led-suicide-intervention-skills-training-program-community-consultation-findings
#15
Bushra Nasir, Steve Kisely, Leanne Hides, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Geoffrey C Nicholson, Neeraj S Gill, Noel Hayman, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Maree Toombs
BACKGROUND: Little is known of the appropriateness of existing gatekeeper suicide prevention programs for Indigenous communities. Despite the high rates of Indigenous suicide in Australia, especially among Indigenous youth, it is unclear how effective existing suicide prevention programs are in providing appropriate management of Indigenous people at risk of suicide. METHODS: In-depth, semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted with Indigenous communities in rural and regional areas of Southern Queensland...
June 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586399/the-relationship-between-the-early-childhood-environment-rating-scale-and-its-revised-form-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Ashley Brunsek, Michal Perlman, Olesya Falenchuk, Evelyn McMullen, Brooke Fletcher, Prakesh S Shah
The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS) and its revised version (ECERS-R) were designed as global measures of quality that assess structural and process aspects of Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) programs. Despite frequent use of the ECERS/ECERS-R in research and applied settings, associations between it and child outcomes have not been systematically reviewed. The objective of this research was to evaluate the association between the ECERS/ECERS-R and children's wellbeing. Searches of Medline, PsycINFO, ERIC, websites of large datasets and reference sections of all retrieved articles were completed up to July 3, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581692/examining-the-effects-of-rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt-on-performance-outcomes-in-elite-paralympic-athletes
#17
Andrew G Wood, Jamie B Barker, Martin Turner, David Sheffield
Traditionally a psychotherapeutic intervention, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is receiving increasing attention within the extant literature as an intervention to enhance the athletic performance and psychological wellbeing of competitive athletes. Whilst the benefits of REBT on psychological health are established, less is understood about the effects on athletic performance. The present study aimed to examine the immediate and maintained effects of REBT on physiological, psychological, and performance outcomes with elite Paralympic athletes...
June 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577358/sensitivity-of-alternative-measures-of-functioning-and-wellbeing-for-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-comparison-of-promis%C3%A2-to-ascq-me%C3%A2
#18
San Keller, Manshu Yang, Marsha J Treadwell, Kathryn L Hassell
BACKGROUND: Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) causes profound suffering and decrements in daily functioning. Demand is growing for valid and reliable measures to systematically document these effects, particularly in adults. The Adult Sickle Cell Quality of Life Measurement System, ASCQ-Me℠, was developed for this purpose. ASCQ-Me℠ is one of four measurement systems housed within the Person-Centered Assessment Resource (PCAR), funded by the National Institutes of Health, to support clinical research...
June 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551274/delivering-an-empowerment-intervention-to-a-remote-indigenous-child-safety-workforce-its-economic-cost-from-an-agency-perspective
#19
Irina Kinchin, Christopher M Doran, Janya McCalman, Susan Jacups, Komla Tsey, Katrina Lines, Kieran Smith, Andrew Searles
BACKGROUND: The Family Wellbeing (FWB) program applies culturally appropriate community led empowerment training to enhance the personal development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in life skills. This study sought to estimate the economic cost required to deliver the FWB program to a child safety workforce in remote Australian communities. METHOD: This study was designed as a retrospective cost description taken from the perspective of a non-government child safety agency...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545063/financial-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#20
Cécile Barbaret, Christelle Brosse, Wadih Rhondali, Murielle Ruer, Léa Monsarrat, Patrick Michaud, Anne Marie Schott, Marvin Delgado-Guay, Eduardo Bruera, Stéphane Sanchez, Marilène Filbet
PURPOSE: We examined the frequency and severity of financial distress (FD) and its association with quality of life (QOL) and symptoms among patients with advanced cancer in France. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, 143 patients with advanced cancer were enrolled. QOL was assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer General (FACT-G) and symptoms assessed using Edmonton Assessment System (ESAS) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). FD was assessed using a self-rated numeric scale from 0 to 10...
2017: PloS One
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