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B Eksteen, J Heatherington, J Oshiomogo, R Panaccione, G Kaplan, S Ghosh
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( The abstract authors and presenters of PS124 - EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF INDUCTION DOSING OF VEDOLIZUMAB FOR REDUCING BILIARY INFLAMMATION IN PRIMARY SCLEROSING CHOLANGITIS (PSC) IN INDIVIDUALS WITH INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE submitted and presented at ILC 2016 have raised concerns that the source data in some cases are inconsistent and requires further evaluation to determine the true magnitude of effect...
2016: Journal of Hepatology
Maria Oliver Bonet, Núria Mach
Introducción: la infertilidad es un problema global en aumento. Se estima que aproximadamente un 15% de las parejas en edad reproductiva tiene dificultades a la hora de concebir. De estas, alrededor de la mitad presentan uno o varios factores masculinos asociados a infertilidad o subfertilidad, aislados o en combinación con problemas de origen femenino. Durante la última década se ha empezado a estudiar la infertilidad desde una perspectiva multifactorial, considerando las interacciones y conexiones entre diferentes situaciones genéticas, epigenéticas, bioquímicas y fisiológicas del paciente...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Yumei Jiang, Dong Cui, Yuefeng Du, Jun Lu, Lin Yang, Jinmei Li, Jing Zhang, Xiaojing Bai
Chronic prostatitis is a risk factor for impaired male fertility potential, and anti-sperm antibodies (ASAs) cause the autoimmune disease immune infertility, which has a negative effect on semen parameters. Current studies have investigated the ASA-positive relationship between chronic prostatitis versus normal controls, but have shown inconsistent results. Hence, we systematic searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Science Direct/Elsevier, Medline, and the Cochrane Library up to October 2015 for case-control studies that involved the ASA-positive relationship between chronic prostatitis patients versus normal controls...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Chulin Chen, Ting Kan, Shuang Li, Chen Qiu, Li Gui
OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to analyze published literature to introduce the use and implementation of standard operating procedures (SOPs) and checklists in prehospital emergency medicine and their impact on guideline adherence and patient outcome. METHODS: An English literature search was carried out using the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Springer, Elsevier, and ProQuest databases. Original articles describing the use and implementation of SOPs or checklists in prehospital emergency medicine were included...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Elizabeth M Alderman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Cong Qian, Xiaobo Yu, Jingyin Chen, Chi Gu, Lin Wang, Gao Chen, Yuying Dai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vasospasm-related injury such as delayed ischemic neurological defect (DIND) or cerebral infarction is an important prognostic factor for aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage can achieve a better outcome in aneurismal SAH patients after coiling or clipping remains the subject of debate. Here, we report a meta-analysis of the related available literature to assess the effect of continuous CSF drainage on clinical outcomes in patients with aneurismal SAH...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Lin Ye, Guobin Wang, Yong Tang, Jie Bai
AIMS: Many epidemiological studies have investigated the correlation between adiponectin, C1Q and collagen domain containing (ADIPOQ) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Although conflicting results have been reported, there was dispute regarding two SNPs (rs2241766 T/G and rs1501299 G/T). Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to systematically assess the associations and try to find the reasons for the dispute. METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Elsevier, Wiley Online Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang data and Chongqing VIP to search for all eligible case-control studies published up to January 2015...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Jing Zhao, Yanping Li, Qiong Zhang, Yonggang Wang
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief. The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in Hum. Reprod. Update, Volume 19 (2013) 105-123 One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere...
October 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Meiyu Lin, Weidong Zhang, Juan Su
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Bupleurum includes approximately 200 species that are widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, Eurasia and North Africa. Certain species of this genus have long been used as antiphlogistic, antipyretic and analgesic agents in traditional folk medicine. As described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the roots of Bupleurum chinense DC. and B. scorzonerifolium Willd. are the herbal materials that compose Chaihu (Radix Bupleuri), a well-known TCM herb...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
M M Xiaolin Gu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate potential risk factors of sleep disorder in stroke patients by conducting a meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, Medline, Springer, Elsevier, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, and Google scholar database up to May 2014. The effect size of risk factors, including gender, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, smoking, alcohol use, previous stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and habitual snoring were measured by odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (95% CI)...
August 12, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Spencer C Greene, Patrick K Noonan, Carlos Sanabria, W Frank Peacock
BACKGROUND: Oral solution N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an antidote for acetaminophen overdose, but its unpleasant taste and aroma can impede delivery even after the coadministration of antiemetic medications. Flavored effervescent NAC tablets dissolved in water might be a more palatable formulation than oral solution NAC diluted with soft drink. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relative bioavailability of these 2 formulations and assess subjective preferences between them...
2016: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
Xingshun Qi, Han Deng, Xiaozhong Guo
A faked peer review is a novel cause for retraction. We reviewed the characteristics of papers retracted due to a faked peer review. All papers retracted due to faked peer reviews were identified by searching the Retraction Watch website and by conducting a manual search. All identified papers were confirmed in published journals. The information of retracted papers was collected, which primarily included publisher, journal, journal impact factor, country, as well as publication and retraction year. Overall, 250 retracted papers were identified...
September 23, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Lauren E Friedman, Bizu Gelaye, Paul A Bain, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between migraine and major depressive disorder. However, relatively little is known about the relationship between suicidal ideation, with or without concurrent depression, and migraine. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic literature review to synthesize the available research focused on investigating the association of migraine with suicidal ideation. METHODS: Relevant research papers were identified through searches of major electronic databases including PubMed, Embase (Elsevier), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters), PsycINFO (EBSCO), and Google Scholar...
September 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Tiago R Matos, Tsui C Ling, Vaneeta Sheth
Psoriasis is a chronic and common disease mediated by resident memory T cells that negatively affects a broad range of people worldwide. One of the oldest and most commonly used treatments is phototherapy. We reviewed the existing literature on the four main ultraviolet B (UVB) modalities of phototherapy in the management of psoriasis: heliotherapy, broadband UVB, narrowband UVB, and excimer laser and lamp. Despite the many studies done on these therapies, there is significant variation in their prescription and use...
September 2016: Clinics in Dermatology
Kai-Wen Geng, Ting He, Rui-Rui Wang, Chun-Li Li, Wen-Jun Luo, Fang-Fang Wu, Yan Wang, Zhen Li, Yun-Fei Lu, Su-Min Guan, Jun Chen
Ethanol is widely known for its ability to cause dramatic changes in emotion, social cognition, and behavior following systemic administration in humans. Human neuroimaging studies suggest that alcohol dependence and chronic pain may share common mechanisms through amygdala-medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) interactions. However, whether acute administration of ethanol in the mPFC can modulate pain perception is unknown. Here we showed that bilateral microinjections of ethanol into the prelimbic and infralimbic areas of the mPFC lowered the bilateral mechanical pain threshold for 48 h without influencing thermal pain sensitivity in adult rats...
October 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
Shaobo Shi, Tao Liu, Jinjun Liang, Dan Hu, Bo Yang
OBJECTIVE: Depression is an independent risk factor for cardiac events and mortality in individuals with or without cardiovascular disease (CVD), although the underlying mechanisms involved in sudden cardiac death (SCD) and arrhythmias remain unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the relationship between depression and risk of SCD and arrhythmias. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, Elsevier, and PsycINFO databases for articles (January 1990 to June 2015) describing the correlation of depression ("depressive symptoms," "depression," or "depressive disorder") with SCD or arrhythmias (ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation [VT/VF], or atrial fibrillation [AF])...
September 13, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Wei Wang, Yang Fei, Feng Wang
AIM: To systematically evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) for the detection of gallbladder carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Relevant studies were identified searching PubMed, Embase, Elsevier, the CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) database and the Cochrane Trial Register searches until August 2015. Patient clinical characteristics, sensitivity and specificity were extracted. The summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to examine the accuracy of CEUS...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
Erfan Ayubi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Ali Sanjari Moghaddam, Mohadeseh Sani, Milad Nazarzadeh, Ehsan Mostafavi
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is becoming increasingly concerning due to the increasing the HIV epidemic, which have increased the risk for reactivation to active tuberculosis (TB) infection. LTBI is diagnosed by tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs). OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published papers on the agreement (kappa) between TST and QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) tests for diagnosis of LTBI in HIV patient...
2016: PloS One
Mieke L van Driel, An Im De Sutter, Hilde Habraken, Sarah Thorning, Thierry Christiaens
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics provide only modest benefit in treating sore throat, although effectiveness increases in participants with positive throat swabs for group A beta-haemolytic streptococci (GABHS). It is unclear which antibiotic is the best choice if antibiotics are indicated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence on the comparative efficacy of different antibiotics in: (a) alleviating symptoms (pain, fever); (b) shortening the duration of the illness; (c) preventing relapse; and (d) preventing complications (suppurative complications, acute rheumatic fever, post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis)...
September 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Elizabeth K Do, Hermine H Maes
INTRODUCTION: There has been rapid growth in research exploring gene-environment interaction (G×E) contributing to smoking behaviors. Yet, no systematic review exists to date. METHODS: This article aims to review evidence on the contribution of G×E to the risk of smoking. Through a search of electronic databases (ie, Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Elsevier) up until May 2014, 16 studies of G×E focused on smoking behaviors were identified. These studies were compared in terms of: research design and sample studied, measure of smoking behavior and environments used, genes explored, and G×E in relation to these factors...
June 14, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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