keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Early intervention psychosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653344/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-comprehensive-early-intervention-care-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis-in-japan-1-5-year-outcomes-from-the-j-cap-study
#1
Atsushi Nishida, Shuntaro Ando, Syudo Yamasaki, Shinsuke Koike, Kayo Ichihashi, Yuji Miyakoshi, Sanae Maekawa, Tomohisa Nakamura, Tatsunobu Natsubori, Eriko Ichikawa, Hiroki Ishigami, Kojiro Sato, Asami Matsunaga, Jo Smith, Paul French, Hirohiko Harima, Yoshiki Kishi, Izumi Fujita, Kiyoto Kasai, Yuji Okazaki
The first episode of psychosis represents a critical period wherein comprehensive early intervention in psychosis (EIP) may alter the course of illness. However, evidence from randomized controlled trials that have examined the impact of comprehensive EIP care on clinical and functional recovery assessed by independent blinded raters is limited. The objective of this study was to conduct a single-blinded multicenter trial comparing comprehensive EIP care and standard care in young patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) in Japan (J-CAP Study)...
April 8, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624917/essential-ingredients-of-engagement-when-working-alongside-people-after-their-first-episode-of-psychosis-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Rachel M Tindall, Magenta B Simmons, Kelly Allott, Bridget E Hamilton
AIM: Early intervention services (EISs) for first-episode psychosis (FEP) have been established internationally, however, service disengagement is a recurrent concern resulting in unplanned treatment cessation. The implications of this are far-reaching due to the financial and personal costs associated with untreated symptoms. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to collect, interpret and synthesize qualitative research about how engagement is experienced within EISs for FEP. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PsycINFO, Ovid MEDLINE and Ovid Emcare from date of conception to November 2016...
April 6, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617517/association-of-an-early-intervention-service-for-psychosis-with-suicide-rate-among-patients-with-first-episode-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#3
Sherry Kit Wa Chan, Stephanie Wing Yan Chan, Herbert H Pang, Kang K Yan, Christy Lai Ming Hui, Wing Chung Chang, Edwin Ho Ming Lee, Eric Yu Hai Chen
Importance: Patients with schizophrenia have a substantially higher suicide rate than the general public. Early intervention (EI) services improve short-term outcomes. However, little is known about the association of EI with suicide reduction in the long term. Objective: To examine the association of a 2-year EI service with suicide reduction in patients with first-episode schizophrenia-spectrum (FES) disorders during 12 years and the risk factors for early and late suicide...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617514/early-intervention-service-for-young-people-with-psychosis-saving-young-lives
#4
Nikolai Albert, Trine Madsen, Merete Nordentoft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614389/duration-of-active-psychosis-and-functional-outcomes-in-first-episode-non-affective-psychosis
#5
José María Pelayo-Terán, Virginia Gajardo-Galán, Marcos Gómez-Revuelta, Victor Ortiz-García de la Foz, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro
BACKGROUND: The duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) has been associated with negative outcomes in psychosis; however, few studies have focused on the duration of active psychotic symptoms after commencing treatment (DAT). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of DUP and DAT on functional long-term outcomes (3 years) in patients with early psychosis. METHODS: We evaluated the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) at frequent intervals for 3 years after presentation to determine the DAT for 307 individuals with first-episode psychosis together with DUP and clinical variables...
March 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605970/withdrawal-versus-continuation-of-long-term-antipsychotic-drug-use-for-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-in-older-people-with-dementia
#6
REVIEW
Ellen Van Leeuwen, Mirko Petrovic, Mieke L van Driel, An Im De Sutter, Robert Vander Stichele, Tom Declercq, Thierry Christiaens
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic agents are often used to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in people with dementia although there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of their long-term use for this indication and concern that they may cause harm, including higher mortality. When behavioural strategies have failed and treatment with antipsychotic drugs is instituted, regular attempts to withdraw them have been recommended in guidelines. Physicians, nurses and families of older people with dementia may be reluctant to stop antipsychotics, fearing deterioration of NPS...
March 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605187/antipsychotic-drugs-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-a-combination-of-both-in-people-with-psychosis-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#7
Anthony P Morrison, Heather Law, Lucy Carter, Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Melissa Pyle, Paul French, David Shiers, Alison R Yung, Elizabeth K Murphy, Natasha Holden, Ann Steele, Samantha E Bowe, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Victoria Brooks, Rory Byrne, Linda Davies, Peter M Haddad
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available for head-to-head comparisons of psychosocial interventions and pharmacological interventions in psychosis. We aimed to establish whether a randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) versus antipsychotic drugs versus a combination of both would be feasible in people with psychosis. METHODS: We did a single-site, single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial in people with psychosis who used services in National Health Service trusts across Greater Manchester, UK...
March 28, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602244/internalized-stigma-in-adults-with-early-phase-versus-prolonged-psychosis
#8
Ruth L Firmin, Paul H Lysaker, Lauren Luther, Philip T Yanos, Bethany Leonhardt, Alan Breier, Jenifer L Vohs
AIM: Although internalized stigma is associated with negative outcomes among those with prolonged psychosis, surprisingly little work has focused on when in the course of one's illness stigma is internalized and the impact of internalization on symptoms or social functioning over the course of the illness. Therefore, this study investigated whether (1) internalized stigma is greater among those later in the course of psychosis and (2) whether internalized stigma has a stronger negative relationship with social functioning or symptoms among those with prolonged compared to early phase psychosis...
March 30, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584866/levels-of-serum-brain-derived-neurotropic-factor-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-findings-from-the-longitudinal-youth-at-risk-study-lyriks
#9
Jie Yin Yee, Tih-Shih Lee, Jimmy Lee
Background: Identifying biomarkers to enrich prognostication and risk predictions in individuals at high risk of developing psychosis will enable stratified early intervention efforts. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been widely studied in schizophrenia and in first-episode psychosis with promising results. The aim of this study was to examine the levels of serum BDNF between healthy controls and individuals with ultra-high risk of psychosis (UHR). Methods: A sample of 106 healthy controls and 105 UHR individuals from the Longitudinal Youth at Risk Study was included in this study...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582562/description-evaluation-and-scale-up-potential-of-a-model-for-rapid-access-to-early-intervention-for-psychosis
#10
Kathleen MacDonald, Ashok Malla, Ridha Joober, Jai L Shah, Karen Goldberg, Sherezad Abadi, Madeline Doyle, Srividya N Iyer
AIM: This paper aims to describe the entry protocol of the Prevention and Early Intervention for Psychosis Program (PEPP)-Montreal, an early intervention program for psychosis. The protocol is designed to fulfil a key objective of the early intervention movement-reducing delays to accessing high-quality care. The paper also aims to describe how this rapid entry protocol can be deployed in other services interested in reducing delays in initiating treatment. METHODS: PEPP provides rapid, easy access to quality care by placing a single, well-trained professional, the intake clinician, at the point of entry...
March 26, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582556/implementing-the-access-and-waiting-time-standard-for-early-intervention-in-psychosis-in-the-united-kingdom-an-evaluation-of-referrals-and-post-assessment-outcomes-over-the-first-year-of-operation
#11
Vidyah Adamson, Emma Barrass, Stephen McConville, Chantelle Irikok, Kim Taylor, Steve Pitt, Rob Van Duyn, Susan Bennett, Lisa Jackson, Jon Carroll, Mark Andrews, Ann Parker, Caroline Wright, Katie Greathead, David Price
AIM: Improving timely access to evidence-based treatment for people aged 14-65 years experiencing a first episode psychosis (FEP) or an at-risk mental state (ARMS) for psychosis is a national priority within the United Kingdom. An early intervention in psychosis (EIP) access and waiting time standard has been set which has extended the age range and acceptance criteria for services. METHODS: This descriptive evaluation reports upon the referrals and access to treatment times within an EIP service over the first year of operating in line with the access and waiting time standard...
March 26, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575691/individual-factors-influencing-the-duration-of-untreated-psychosis
#12
Lama Souaiby, Claire Gauthier, Mathilde Kazes, Célia Mam-Lam-Fook, Claire Daban, Marion Plaze, Raphaël Gaillard, Marie-Odile Krebs
AIM: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), or the time between onset of psychosis and treatment initiation, is a prognostic factor of schizophrenia. However, few studies evaluated the relative influence of individual-related factors on this duration. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of socio-demographic, clinical and cannabis use on DUP. METHODS: This study was part of a large prospective study in help-seeking individuals referred to our specialized early detection / intervention clinic in the Service Hospitalo-Universitaire of Sainte-Anne Hospital in Paris (ICAAR study)...
March 25, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573562/lived-experiences-of-negative-symptoms-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#13
Brioney Gee, Jo Hodgekins, Anna Lavis, Caitlin Notley, Max Birchwood, Linda Everard, Nick Freemantle, Peter B Jones, Swaran P Singh, Tim Amos, Max Marshall, Vimal Sharma, Jo Smith, David Fowler
AIM: Exploring how negative symptoms are experienced and understood by individuals with lived experience of psychosis has the potential to offer insights into the complex psychosocial processes underlying negative symptom presentations. The aim of the current study was to investigate lived experiences of negative symptoms through secondary analysis of interviews conducted with individuals recovering from first-episode psychosis. METHOD: Transcripts of in-depth interviews with participants (n = 24) recruited from Early Intervention in Psychosis services were analysed thematically with a focus on participants' experiences and personal understandings of features corresponding to the negative symptoms construct...
March 24, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566206/actissist-proof-of-concept-trial-of-a-theory-driven-digital-intervention-for-psychosis
#14
Sandra Bucci, Christine Barrowclough, John Ainsworth, Matthew Machin, Rohan Morris, Katherine Berry, Richard Emsley, Shon Lewis, Dawn Edge, Iain Buchan, Gillian Haddock
Background: Timely access to intervention for psychosis is crucial yet problematic. As such, health care providers are forming digital strategies for addressing mental health challenges. A theory-driven digital intervention that monitors distressing experiences and provides real-time active management strategies could improve the speed and quality of recovery in psychosis, over and above conventional treatments. This study assesses the feasibility and acceptability of Actissist, a digital health intervention grounded in the cognitive model of psychosis that targets key early psychosis domains...
March 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562748/disparities-in-access-to-early-psychosis-intervention-services-comparison-of-service-users-and-nonusers-in-health-administrative-data
#15
Kelly K Anderson, Ross Norman, Arlene G MacDougall, Jordan Edwards, Lena Palaniyappan, Cindy Lau, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of information on people with first-episode psychosis who do not access specialized early psychosis intervention (EPI) services. We sought to estimate the proportion of incident cases of nonaffective psychosis that do not access these services and to examine factors associated with EPI admission. METHODS: Using health administrative data, we constructed a retrospective cohort of incident cases of nonaffective psychosis in the catchment area of the Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychoses (PEPP) in London, Ontario, between 1997 and 2013...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561067/adjunctive-nutrients-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-efficacy-tolerability-and-neurobiological-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Jackie Curtis, Scott B Teasdale, Alison R Yung, Jerome Sarris
AIM: The effects of nutrient-based treatments, including adjunctive vitamin or antioxidant supplementation, have been explored extensively in long-term schizophrenia. However, no systematic evaluation of trials in "first-episode psychosis" (FEP) has been conducted, despite the potential benefits of using these treatments during the early stages of illness. Therefore, we aimed to review all studies examining efficacy, tolerability and the biological mechanisms of action, of nutrient supplementation in FEP...
March 21, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550056/corrigendum-to-therapeutic-effectiveness-and-tolerability-of-aripiprazole-as-initial-choice-of-treatment-in-first-episode-psychosis-in-an-early-intervention-service-a-one-year-outcome-study-schizophr-res-147-120-125
#17
Ashok Malla, Sally Mustafa, Aldanie Rho, Sherezad Abadi, Martin Lepage, Ridha Joober
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544551/the-circuits-study-implementation-of-cognitive-remediation-in-early-intervention-services-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Til Wykes, Eileen Joyce, Tjasa Velikonja, Andrew Watson, Gregory Aarons, Max Birchwood, Matteo Cella, Sue Dopson, David Fowler, Kathy Greenwood, Sonia Johnson, Paul McCrone, Jesus Perez, Andrew Pickles, Clare Reeder, Diana Rose, Swaran Singh, Dominic Stringer, Matthew Taylor, Rumina Taylor, Rachel Upthegrove
BACKGROUND: Cognitive problems in people with schizophrenia predict poor functional recovery even with the best possible rehabilitation opportunities and optimal medication. A psychological treatment known as cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) aims to improve cognition in neuropsychiatric disorders, with the ultimate goal of improving functional recovery. Studies suggest that intervening early in the course of the disorder will have the most benefit, so this study will be based in early intervention services, which treat individuals in the first few years following the onset of the disorder...
March 15, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541798/baby-or-bathwater-referrals-of-non-cases-in-a-targeted-early-identification-intervention-for-psychosis
#19
Gerald Jordan, Miriam Kinkaid, Srividya N Iyer, Ridha Joober, Karen Goldberg, Ashok Malla, Jai L Shah
PURPOSE: To explore the unintended impact of a targeted case identification (TCI) campaign for first episode psychosis (FEP) on people not experiencing FEP ("non-cases") with respect to referral patterns and reasons for being a non-case. METHODS: Sources of referral, reasons for being a non-case, and subsequent referral destinations of non-cases were examined before and after a TCI. RESULTS: Following the TCI, a greater proportion of non-cases lived outside the study catchment area...
March 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537982/psychosis-and-homicide
#20
Pamela J Taylor, Natasha Kalebic
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The contribution of people with psychosis to homicide statistics is small, but there is a statistically significantly higher rate of homicide among them than in the general population. Legal authorities and the wider public call for more information. Our aim was a narrative synthesis of empirical literature generated by systematic searches for the five complete years 2013-2017. RECENT FINDINGS: One article showed that people with psychosis are five times more likely to be homicide victims than those without, but focus remains on perpetrators...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
41346
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"