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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455717/the-role-of-hypermasculinity-token-resistance-rape-myth-and-assertive-sexual-consent-communication-among-college-men
#1
Autumn Shafer, Rebecca R Ortiz, Bailey Thompson, Jennifer Huemmer
PURPOSE: A greater understanding of how college men's gendered beliefs and communication styles relate to their sexual consent attitudes and intentions is essential within the shifting context of negative to affirmative consent policies on college campuses. The results of this study can be used to help design more effective sexual consent interventions. METHODS: Three hundred seventy undergraduate college men completed cross-sectional online surveys. Hierarchical multiple regression examined how hypermasculinity, token resistance, rape myth acceptance, and sexual communication assertiveness were associated with consent-related attitudes, intentions, and interpretations...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453697/the-sacral-autonomic-outflow-is-parasympathetic-langley-got-it-right
#2
REVIEW
John P Horn
A recent developmental study of gene expression by Espinosa-Medina, Brunet and colleagues sparked controversy by asserting a revised nomenclature for divisions of the autonomic motor system. Should we re-classify the sacral autonomic outflow as sympathetic, as now suggested, or does it rightly belong to the parasympathetic system, as defined by Langley nearly 100 years ago? Arguments for rejecting Espinosa-Medina, Brunet et al.'s scheme subsequently appeared in e-letters and brief reviews. A more recent commentary in this journal by Brunet and colleagues responded to these criticisms by labeling Langley's scheme as a historical myth perpetuated by ignorance...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447586/a-longitudinal-study-of-interest-and-membership-in-a-fraternity-rape-myth-acceptance-and-proclivity-to-perpetrate-sexual-assault
#3
Rita C Seabrook, Sarah McMahon, Julia O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relation between interest and membership in a fraternity and acceptance of sexual violence (e.g., rape myth acceptance, proclivity to perpetrate sexual aggression) among first year college men. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 315 men were surveyed before their first year of college (June - August 2010) and again at four time points over the next year. METHODS: Participants responded to measures of rape myth acceptance and proclivity to perpetrate sexual aggression...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445569/glutathione-for-skin-lightening-a-regnant-myth-or-evidence-based-verity
#4
Sidharth Sonthalia, Abhijeet K Jha, Aimilios Lallas, Geraldine Jain, Deepak Jakhar
The recent hype surrounding the antimelanogenic properties of glutathione has resulted in physicians frequently administering it as a "wonder" drug for skin lightening and treatment of hyperpigmentation, especially in ethnic populations with darker skin tones. This phenomenon has seen a recent surge owing to aggressive marketing and capitalization of pharma-cosmeceutical companies. However, the unbridled and prodigal use of it, especially as a parenteral formulation, seems unjustified, given the lacunae in our knowledge about its antimelanogenic potential, limited clinical evidence favoring its role in skin lightening, and the statutory ban/advisory issued by certain federal agencies...
January 2018: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439004/assessing-the-nutrient-intake-of-a-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-lchf-diet-a-hypothetical-case-study-design
#5
Caryn Zinn, Amy Rush, Rebecca Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The low-carbohydrate, high-fat (LCHF) diet is becoming increasingly employed in clinical dietetic practice as a means to manage many health-related conditions. Yet, it continues to remain contentious in nutrition circles due to a belief that the diet is devoid of nutrients and concern around its saturated fat content. This work aimed to assess the micronutrient intake of the LCHF diet under two conditions of saturated fat thresholds. DESIGN: In this descriptive study, two LCHF meal plans were designed for two hypothetical cases representing the average Australian male and female weight-stable adult...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433575/uses-and-importance-of-wild-fungi-traditional-knowledge-from-the-tshopo-province-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#6
Héritier Milenge Kamalebo, Hippolyte Nshimba Seya Wa Malale, Cephas Masumbuko Ndabaga, Jérôme Degreef, André De Kesel
BACKGROUND: Wild mushrooms constitute an important non-timber forest product that provides diverse substances and services, especially food and income for local communities from many parts of the world. This study presents original ethnomycological documentation from the dense rainforests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: Ethnomycological surveys were made within local communities near the biosphere reserve of Yangambi and the Yoko forest reserve...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433171/in-reply-to-in-challenging-the-myth-of-the-right-nondominant-hemisphere-don-t-go-too-far-please
#7
Tatiana Vilasboas, Guillaume Herbet, Hugues Duffau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433170/in-challenging-the-myth-of-the-right-nondominant-hemisphere-don-t-go-too-far-please
#8
Iraj Derakhshan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424822/response-to-breaking-the-myth-of-central-neurological-complications-in-stapedial-artery-surgery
#9
Erik Frans Hensen, Thadé Pieter Marie Goderie, Conrad Frits Smit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424821/breaking-the-myth-of-central-neurological-complications-in-stapedial-artery-surgery
#10
Martin Hitier, Sylvain Moreau, Marc Labrousse, Vincent Patron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421781/the-myth-of-blunted-gamers-no-evidence-for-desensitization-in-empathy-for-pain-after-a-violent-video-game-intervention-in-a-longitudinal-fmri-study-on-non-gamers
#11
Simone Kühn, Dimitrij Kugler, Katharina Schmalen, Markus Weichenberger, Charlotte Witt, Jürgen Gallinat
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It is a common concern in the research field and the community that habitual violent video gaming reduces empathy for pain in its players. However, previous fMRI studies have only compared habitual game players against control participants cross-sectionally. However the observed pattern of results may be due to a priori differences in people who become gamers and who not. In order to derive the causal conclusion that violent video game play causes desensitisation, longitudinal studies are needed...
January 31, 2018: Neuro-Signals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417019/barriers-and-enablers-to-adoption-of-intrauterine-device-as-a-contraceptive-method-a-multi-stakeholder-perspective
#12
Namita Mishra, Meely Panda, Souvik Pyne, Nallala Srinivas, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Background: Promoting family planning practices aid considerably in attaining Millennium Development Goals by various mechanisms. Despite concerted health system efforts, adoption of especially reversible contraceptive methods such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) has remained negatively skewed in India, which is the pioneer country to implement Family Planning programme way back in 1952. Although few studies in India have looked into the reasons for its nonacceptance, literature from Odisha was scant and hence the study was undertaken...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415419/polyacetylene-myth-and-reality
#13
REVIEW
Bruce S Hudson
Polyacetylene, the simplest and oldest of potentially conducting polymers, has never been made in a form that permits rigorous determination of its structure. Trans polyacetylene in its fully extended form will have a potential energy surface with two equivalent minima. It has been assumed that this results in bond length alternation. It is, rather, very likely that the zero-point energy is above the Peierls barrier. The experimental studies that purport to show bond alternation are reviewed and shown to be compromised by serious experimental inconsistencies or by the presence, for which there is considerable evidence, of finite chain polyenes...
February 6, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411651/high-fat-diet-and-colorectal-cancer-myths-and-facts
#14
Sheelarani Karunanithi, Liraz Levi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409339/ten-myths-about-work-addiction
#15
Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Paweł A Atroszko
Background and aims Research into work addiction has steadily grown over the past decade. However, the literature is far from unified and there has been much debate on many different issues. Aim and methods This paper comprises a narrative review and focuses on 10 myths about work addiction that have permeated the psychological literature and beyond. The 10 myths examined are (a) work addiction is a new behavioral addiction, (b) work addiction is similar to other behavioral addictions, (c) there are only psychosocial consequences of work addiction, (d) work addiction and workaholism are the same thing, (e) work addiction exclusively occurs as a consequence of individual personality factors, (f) work addiction only occurs in adulthood, (g) some types of work addiction are positive, (h) work addiction is a transient behavioral pattern related to situational factors, (i) work addiction is a function of the time spent engaging in work, and (j) work addiction is an example of overpathogizing everyday behavior and it will never be classed as a mental disorder in the DSM...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405068/the-myth-of-visible-light-photocatalysis-using-lanthanide-upconversion-materials
#16
Sushant P Sahu, Stephanie L Cates, Hyoung-Il Kim, Jae-Hong Kim, Ezra L Cates
Upconversion luminescence is a nonlinear optical process achieved by certain engineered materials, which allows conversion of low energy photons into higher energy photons. Of particular relevance to environmental technology, lanthanide-based upconversion phosphors have appeared in dozens of publications as a tool for achieving visible light activation of wide-band gap semiconductor photocatalysts, such as TiO2, for degradation of water contaminants. Supposedly, the phosphor particles act to convert sub-band gap energy photons (e...
February 6, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404973/correctable-myths-about-research-misconduct-in-the-biomedical-sciences
#17
Barbara K Redman
A recent National Academy report on research integrity noted that policies are not evidence-based, with no formal entity responsible to attend to this deficit. Here we describe four areas of research misconduct (RM) regulations governing Public Health Service funded research that are empirically and/or ethically questionable. Policies for human subject protection, RM and conflict of interest are not harmonized, making it extremely difficult to deal with complex cases which often contain allegations in all of these areas...
February 5, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404722/crisis-communication-in-public-health-emergencies-the-limits-of-legal-control-and-the-risks-for-harmful-outcomes-in-a-digital-age
#18
Paul Quinn
Communication by public authorities during a crisis situation is an essential and indispensable part of any response to a situation that may threaten both life and property. In the online connected world possibilities for such communication have grown further, in particular with the opportunity that social media presents. As a consequence, communication strategies have become a key plank of responses to crises ranging from epidemics to terrorism to natural disaster. Such strategies involve a range of innovative practices on social media...
February 6, 2018: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398935/vaccination-as-a-cause-of-autism-myths-and-controversies
#19
Michael Davidson
Despite significant progress in the study of the epidemiology and genetics of autism, the etiology and patho-physiology of this condition is far from being elucidated and no curative treatment currently exists. Although solid scientific research continues, in an attempt to find explanations and solutions, a number of nonscientific and pure myths about autism have emerged. Myths that vaccines or mercury are associated with autism have been amplified by misguided scientists; frustrated, but effective parent groups; and politicians...
December 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398806/lower-transcranial-doppler-flow-velocities-in-sickle-cell-anemia-patients-on-hydroxyurea-myth-or-fact
#20
Sawsan M Moeen, Ahmad F Thabet, Hosam A Hasan, Medhat A Saleh
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detects stroke risk in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA). Hydroxyurea therapy has the ability to induce increased levels of fetal hemoglobin in sickle cells thus decreasing tendency for red cell sickling. This study aimed to evaluate TCD findings in SCA patients on hydroxyurea and correlate the time-averaged mean velocity (TAMV) with their hematological parameters. Forty SCA patients of both sexes, aged 16-22 years with no history of stroke were screened with TCD for an elevated TAMV, divided into: Group T (20 patients on blood transfusion); and Group H (20 patients on daily hydroxyurea)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
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