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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651254/a-preliminary-study-of-a-spanish-graphic-novella-targeting-hearing-loss-prevention
#1
Mark Guiberson, Emily Wakefield
Purpose: This preliminary study developed a digital graphic novella targeting hearing protection beliefs of Spanish-speaking agricultural workers. Researchers used pretest-posttest interview surveys to establish if the novella had an immediate influence on the participants' beliefs about noise-induced hearing loss and usage of hearing protection devices. Method: Researchers developed a digital graphic novella directed to increase knowledge about noise-induced hearing loss and increase the proper use of hearing protection devices...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645286/the-myths-surrounding-mild-stimulation-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf
#2
REVIEW
Raoul Orvieto, Valeria Stella Vanni, Norbert Gleicher
So-called mild controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (mCOH) has in recent years increased in popularity, claiming to be safer and more patient-friendly, while also improving in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes. We here challenge the International Society for Mild Approaches in Assisted Reproduction (ISMAAR) definition of mild stimulation, and especially address four fundamental issues, where our review found conventional COH (cCOH) advantageous over mCOH. They are: prevalence of severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), oocyte/embryo quality, pregnancy/live birth rates, and cost...
June 24, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642514/sugar-free-taste-myth-busted
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640708/medulloblastoma-from-myth-to-molecular
#4
Vijay Ramaswamy, Michael D Taylor
Current therapies for medulloblastoma were introduced primarily in the 1980s and consist of predominantly cytotoxic, nontargeted approaches. Mortality from medulloblastoma remains significant. In addition, many survivors suffer from severe treatment-related effects of radiation and cytotoxic chemotherapy. Further intensification of nonspecific therapy is unlikely to offer additional benefits, because survival rates have reached a plateau. Recent publications in medulloblastoma have revolved largely around the recognition that medulloblastoma per se does not exist, but rather, that there are a group of histologically similar but clinically and molecularly distinct entities that have been grouped under that rubric...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637918/direct-enzymatic-bioelectrocatalysis-differentiating-between-myth-and-reality
#5
REVIEW
Ross D Milton, Shelley D Minteer
Enzymatic bioelectrocatalysis is being increasingly exploited to better understand oxidoreductase enzymes, to develop minimalistic yet specific biosensor platforms, and to develop alternative energy conversion devices and bioelectrosynthetic devices for the production of energy and/or important chemical commodities. In some cases, these enzymes are able to electronically communicate with an appropriately designed electrode surface without the requirement of an electron mediator to shuttle electrons between the enzyme and electrode...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637407/oral-insulin-myth-or-reality
#6
Vikash Kumar, Ishwari Choudhry, Pooja Hurkat, Ashish Jain, Dharmendra Jain
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disorder of glucose metabolism marked by hyperglycemia, glycosuria, hyperlipidemia, negative nitrogen balance and ketonaemia. DM is a major healthcare problems today and its treatment costs billions of dollars worldwide annually. The cases of diabetes have increased rapidly in recent years throughout the world. Currently, for management of type-1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM), multiple daily insulin (MDI) injections is the most popular treatment. Oral administration of insulin is the most suitable and attractive as compared to subcutaneous route but unfortunately cannot be utilized for the administration of peptides and proteins due to poor epithelial permeability and enzymatic degradation within the gastrointestinal tract...
June 21, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633559/dating-persons-with-physical-disabilities-the-perceptions-of-south-africans-without-disabilities
#7
Xanthe Hunt, Leslie Swartz, Mark Thomas Carew, Stine Hellum Braathen, Mussa Chiwaula, Poul Rohleder
There is good reason to believe that the attitudes of persons without disability towards dating a person with a physical disability might be unfavourable. However, in general, and in the Global South in particular, there is a dearth of research in this area. This study sought to take the first step in addressing this lack of enquiry, by surveying the attitudes of a general population sample in South Africa towards dating people with physical disabilities, using a vignette. Data from 1723 survey respondents were analysed thematically...
June 21, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#8
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627058/survey-nutrition-body-condition-and-activities-of-dogs-in-switzerland
#9
K Gerstner, A Liesegang
Interest in species-appropriate activities and nutrition of dogs increases. A huge variety of feedstuff available, myths and different feeding theories confuse dog owners and lead to inadequate nutrition of their pets. As one result, obesity in pets can be observed with a high incidence in veterinary practice. Although comorbidities of obesity are well known, only few pet owners realize consequently the necessity of weight reduction to support their pet's health. We hypothesized that pet owners in Switzerland underestimate body condition of their dogs and are unsure about how to manage nutritional challenges...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623456/pertussis-and-rotavirus-vaccines-controversies-and-solutions
#10
REVIEW
Nabaneeta Dash, Sanjay Verma
Pertussis and rotavirus vaccines have been the subject of several controversies over the years. In this paper the authors discuss facts and myths behind these controversies and also suggest solutions to overcome some limitations of these vaccines. The whole-cell pertussis vaccine (wPV) came into disrepute due to the associated adverse reactions, resulting in its replacement by acellular pertussis vaccine (aPV) in industrialized nations in 1990s. Although wPV is known to have more side effects; but they are usually minor...
June 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622448/ileocecal-valve-syndrome-after-surgery-in-adult-patients-myth-or-reality
#11
S Palmisano, M Silvestri, M Troian, P Germani, F Giudici, N de Manzini
AIM: The onset of symptoms after ileocecal valve (ICV) removal may be perceived as an unwanted effect of surgery and induce patients to bring unnecessary litigation against surgeons. The aim of our study is to assess the real impact on the quality of life of patients whose ICV was surgically removed, using three validated questionnaires. METHOD: In patients who had their ICV removed surgically, the Gastrointestinal Quality of life (GIQLI) questionnaire and those used by the European Organization for research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) were administered pre and post surgery...
June 16, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621960/-the-reproductive-exploitation-of-women-and-the-myth-of-altruistic-surrogacy-an-overview-of-the-phenomenon-of-gestation-by-substitution
#12
Marta María Albert
The article approaches the issue of surrogacy from a global point of view. Surrogacy is analysed from international and comparative law perspective, as well as the effects of the legalization of altruistic surrogacy in the first-world countries on vulnerable women in other parts of the world. The paper concludes extrapolating the conclusions of this analysis to the current debate about legalization of altruistic surrogacy in Spain.
May 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620950/the-risk-typology-of-healthcare-access-and-its-association-with-unmet-healthcare-needs-in-asian-americans
#13
Yuri Jang, Nan Sook Park, Hyunwoo Yoon, Ya-Ching Huang, Min-Kyoung Rhee, David A Chiriboga, Miyong T Kim
Using data from the 2015 Asian American Quality of Life Survey (N = 2,609), latent profile analysis was conducted on general (health insurance, usual place for care and income) and immigrant-specific (nativity, length of stay in the U.S., English proficiency and acculturation) risk factors of healthcare access. Latent profile analysis identified a three-cluster model (low-risk, moderate-risk and high-risk groups). Compared with the low-risk group, the odds of having an unmet healthcare need was 1.52 times greater in the moderate-risk group and 2...
June 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619033/social-representations-of-malaria-in-the-guna-indigenous-population-of-comarca-guna-de-madungandi-panama
#14
Lorenzo Cáceres, José E Calzada, Amanda Gabster, Josue Young, Ricardo Márquez, Rolando Torres, Margarita Griffith
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to recognize the social representation of the Guna indigenous population by identifying cultural elements related to malaria, in order to create an intercultural approach to any health intervention to control and prevent the disease. METHODS: This qualitative study has an anthropological focus that used participant observation, informal conversations, focus groups, interviews, in-depth interviews with key actors. Analyses included review, classification and categorization of interviews...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618682/re-outcomes-of-pyeloplasty-in-very-poorly-functioning-kidneys-examining%C3%A2-the-myths
#15
Allen F Morey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615215/deconstructing-a-popular-myth-why-knee-arthroscopy-is-no-better-than-placebo-surgery-for-degenerative-meniscal-tears
#16
Jonas Bloch Thorlund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614615/a-quantitative-analysis-of-latino-acculturation-and-alcohol-use-myth-versus-reality
#17
REVIEW
Miriam J Alvarez, Gabriel Frietze, Corin Ramos, Craig Field, Michael A Zárate
Research on health among Latinos often focuses on acculturation processes and the associated stressors that influence drinking behavior. Given the common use of acculturation measures and the state of the knowledge on alcohol-related health among Latino populations, the current analyses tested the efficacy of acculturation measures to predict various indicators of alcohol consumption. Specifically, this quantitative review assessed the predictive utility of acculturation on alcohol consumption behaviors (frequency, volume, and quantity)...
June 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608858/telocytes-facts-speculations-and-myths-review-article
#18
Veronika Aleksandrovych, Artur Pasternak, Paweł Basta, Marek Sajewicz, Jerzy A Walocha, Krzysztof Gil
Telocyte (TC) is an interstitial cell type with a small cellular body and extremely long tentacle-like extensions. TCs were discovered a decade ago and have specifc morphological characteristics, immunohistochemical and secretome profiles, electrophysiological properties, microRNA expression. Moreover, they are different in gene expression from other cells. TCs play an important role in plenty of processes. Apparently, they are involved in homeostasis, remodelling, regeneration, repair, embryogenesis, angiogenesis and even tumorigenesis...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608726/stigma-and-work-discrimination-among-cancer-survivors-a-scoping-review-and-recommendations
#19
Mary Stergiou-Kita, Xueqing Qie, Hau Ki Yau, Sally Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Stigma and workplace discrimination can hinder employment opportunities for cancer survivors. PURPOSE: This study explored perceptions of stigma and workplace discrimination for cancer survivors to understand the impact on survivors' engagement in paid work and to identify strategies to address stigma and workplace discrimination. METHOD: Using Arksey and O'Malley's framework, we searched Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, and CINAHL for evidence that intersected three concepts: cancer, stigma, and employment/workplace discrimination...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606249/-truths-myths-or-lies-who-is-indicated-for-coronary-thrombectomy
#20
Y L Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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