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A A Zulfiqar
At present, it is recognized that screening for frailty in the elderly is a major public health issue. Frailty screening in emergency unit is essential to optimize the management of elderly patients in hospital. Ideally, the role of a mobile geriatric team seems essential, taking over the frailty screening carried out in the emergency department, in order to optimize intra-hospital management and consequently reduce further intra-hospital visits and possible risks of decompensation of geriatric syndromes.
April 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
Michael Brennan
This article explores the public dying of journalist, writer, provocateur, public intellectual, and renowned atheist, Christopher Hitchens. It does so primarily through an analysis of television interviews given by Hitchens following his diagnosis with esophageal cancer in June 2010. Four key themes are identified as emerging from analysis of the interviews: (a) Hitchens' explicit sense of mission in challenging myths and superstitions surrounding cancer, dying, and death; (b) the personal experience of terminal illness and dying and the particular way (or style of dying) by which it is approached; (c) issues of regret and a life well lived; and (d) questions surrounding religion, the afterlife, and possibility of deathbed conversion...
June 2018: Omega
T Hussaini, J Zhu, E M Yoshida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Felix Beuschlein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Carlos M N Eire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Annals of Science
Eliada Pampoulou
OBJECTIVE: Some adults with acquired communication disorders are faced with an inability to communicate coherently through verbal speech with their communication partners. Despite the fact that a variety of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) aided systems is available to assist them in communicating, not all adults accept them. In Cyprus, there is scant research focusing on the factors that are linked to AAC system acceptance and abandonment. METHODS: To address this gap, this research involves exploring the experiences of six speech and language therapists supporting adults with acquired communication disorders, who could benefit from the use of AAC systems...
April 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Gillian Finchilescu, Jackie Dugard
Instances of gender-based violence (GBV) on university campuses are rarely reported to the authorities. This makes it difficult to gauge the prevalence of this problem, which in turn affects efforts for prevention. This article describes a university-wide online survey aimed at assessing, first, the prevalence of GBV experienced by the three sectors in the community-students, academic and research staff, and professional/administrative staff. Many of the findings concurred with research elsewhere-students were the predominant victims of GBV; men were the main perpetrators; and instances of rape occurred mainly when the victim/survivor was under the influence of alcohol or drugs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kirsty Osborn, Josh P Davis, Susan Button, John Foster
Stereotypical biases about women's roles in intimate relationships including their marital status and lifestyle choices such as clothing and alcohol use influence juror attributions of rape case defendant guilt, potentially reducing access to justice for victims. Across two mock-juror decision-making experiments, participants read identical fictitious sexual assault vignettes varying in intoxicated defendant-complainant relationship (married vs. acquaintance), accompanied by photographs of complainant clothing at the crime (body revealing vs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
T Straub, M Reynaud, M Yaron
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine device (IUD) is a reliable contraceptive method that is long term reversible, and well tolerated. Numerous studies prove its efficiency and report rare complications that are attributed to it. However, its use is limited due to fear that it can cause a pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This is based on historical data on infections related to the "Dalkon Shield", which was removed from the market in 1974. METHOD: The analyzed articles were extracted from PUBMED database between 2000 and 2016...
April 4, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Amy C Luedtke, Katti J Sneed
The clergy wife is an understudied and silenced population. While the minister himself is well represented in the literature concerning burnout, psychological distress, and diminishing years of service, his wife remains unheard and desperate for her needs to be understood and addressed. The lived experience of nine Wesleyan pastors' wives was investigated using a qualitative methodology and phenomenological approach. Themes arose surrounding both protective factors (faith, calling, support) and stressors (performance expectations and loss of identity, loneliness, low income, sacrifice of time)...
March 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
Robin Lewis, Shona Kelly
BACKGROUND: The recent UK Government paper 'Five year forward view' describes the need to move much patient management from secondary to primary care, and this will require a significant increase in the numbers of General Practice Nurses (GPNs). Until recently, there has been no clear recruitment strategy to address this. There have however been a number of proposed solutions to address the impending GPN recruitment crisis and to increase the numbers of new GPNs in post. General Practitioners (GPs) working in the Advanced Training Practice Scheme (ATPS) have been commissioned by Health Education England to provide placements for student nurses...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Oliver Mason, Heidi Daniels
The association of music with madness is very longstanding. But is it more than myth, and if so what is the nature of this relationship? We tested the hypotheses that musicians possess greater schizotypy and symptoms of bipolar disorder. A total of 102 musicians were found to have greater positive and negative schizotypal traits when compared to matched norms on the shortened Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences. Based on the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, 10.8% of musicians also met criteria for lifetime bipolar disorder...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Benedikt Till, Teresa A Wild, Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler
BACKGROUND: Educating the public about suicide is an important component of suicide prevention. So far, little is known about whether common misconceptions of suicide are related to individual tabloid newspaper use. AIMS: This study aimed to investigate associations of time spent reading tabloids with endorsement of suicide myths, suicide-related knowledge, and with stigmatizing attitudes toward suicidal individuals. METHOD: In this cross-sectional online survey, we assessed suicide-related knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes toward suicidal individuals among 456 study participants in Austria together with their endorsement of five common suicide myths (e...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
Mary Katherine Twis, Anh Phuong Nguyen, Anne Nordberg
Although much has changed in social and criminal justice system responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) since public awareness campaigns began in the 1970s, stigmatization around IPV offense and victimization remains a barrier to victims obtaining available assistance, including those offered by police forces. Unfortunately, stigma is often perpetuated by mythology about the crime, its offenders, its victims, and overarching gender norms. Since IPV cases are managed under the auspices of the criminal justice system, the manner in which the system itself perpetuates IPV myths is worthy of attention...
April 1, 2018: Violence and Victims
Kashif Waqar Faiz, Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen
BACKGROUND: Non-attendance and late arrivals diminish patient flow in outpatient clinics. On the other hand, patient earliness may also be undesirable. Physicians often experience that older patients are more punctual than younger patients, and often they come excessively early. The aim of this study was to determine whether an association between age and outpatient clinic arrival time could be established or not, i.e. to find out if it is a myth or a reality. METHODS: Prospective descriptive study performed at a neurological outpatient clinic...
April 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Elizabeth McLaren
Debunking common medicare myths can help providers guide patients through complicated post-acute care coverage.
June 2017: Provider
David I Benbow
The English National Health Service (NHS) has suffered from a democratic deficit since its inception. Democratic accountability was to be through ministers to Parliament, but ministerial control over and responsibility for the NHS were regarded as myths. Reorganizations and management and market reforms, in the neoliberal era, have centralized power within the NHS. However, successive governments have sought to reduce their responsibility for health care through institutional depoliticization, to shift blame, facilitated through legal changes...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
Thorsten Hanke
Surgical treatment of the left atrial appendage (LAA) has increased over the past few years. The most serious complication of atrial fibrillation is a cerebral cardioembolic stroke. In most patients with atrial fibrillation, the LAA is the anatomical source of the embolism. Several surgical techniques for occluding the LAA using different devices have been developed with different prospects of success. It is still not clear which of these techniques represents the optimum treatment for reducing the incidence of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
E Schwarz, G Reinisch, A Brandauer, S Aharinejad, W Scharf, K Trieb
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the causes and mechanisms underlying periprosthetic fractures around femoral components particularly in relation to the stem design. In an in vitro study 20 pairs of fresh cadaveric femora were loaded to fracture axially and transversally. FINDINGS: When proximal femoral strain was measured at the time of impaction of cementless stems the load transfer was determined by the underlying anatomy rather than by the shape of the stem, so that the so-called "load transfer" properties - proximal or distal - ascribed to stem designs are a myth...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
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