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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551947/myth-busting-takes-time
#1
Sigurd Høye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551683/jc-virus-and-lung-adenocarcinoma-fact-or-myth
#2
Emanuele Sinagra, Dario Raimondo, Elena Gallo, Mario Stella, Mario Cottone, Francesca Rossi, Marco Messina, Massimiliano Spada, Giovanni Tomasello, Giuseppe Ferrara, Aroldo Gabriele Rizzo
BACKGROUND/AIM: An association has been reported between lung cancer and John Cunningham (JC) virus infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of JC virus in a small cohort of patients with lung adenocarcinoma and assess its presence in nodal metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive samples of 13 surgically-removed lung tumors and 13 surrounding normal cancer-free tissues were selected. Five cases included metastatic lymph nodes. JC virus infection was assessed through nested PCR...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551032/recommendations-for-the-use-of-everolimus-in-de-novo-kidney-transplantation-false-beliefs-myths-and-realities
#3
Julio Pascual, Fritz Diekmann, Constantino Fernández-Rivera, Gonzalo Gómez-Marqués, Alex Gutiérrez-Dalmau, María José Pérez-Sáez, Asunción Sancho-Calabuig, Federico Oppenheimer
The immunosuppressive combination most commonly used in de novo kidney transplantation comprises a calcineurin inhibitor (CI), tacrolimus, a mycophenolic acid derivative and steroids. The evidence which underlies this practice is based in the Symphony trial with controlled follow-up of one year, in which no comparator group included the combination CI-mTOR inhibitor. Different high-quality clinical trials support the use of everolimus as a standard immunosuppressive drug associated with reduced exposure of a CI in kidney transplantation...
May 24, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545763/13-ribs-as-a-predictor-of-long-gap-esophageal-atresia-myth-or-reality-analysis-of-associated-findings-of-esophageal-atresia-and-abnormal-rib-count
#4
Jonathan Durell, Haitham Dagash, Bala Eradi, Ashok Rajimwale, Shawqui Nour, Nitin Patwardhan
BACKGROUND: The presence of 13 pairs of ribs on pre-operative chest x-ray has been postulated to be an indicator for long gap esophageal atresia (EA). This study sought to determine the validity of this theory and identify associated pathological conditions in patients with EA and abnormal rib count. METHODS: Babies with EA from January 2005 - December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Information was gathered from neonatal health records and operation notes. Chest x-rays were reviewed to determine rib count...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540899/gender-differences-in-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-general-population-towards-organ-donation-an-indian-perspective
#5
Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, T S Sunitha, Rohini Thimmaiah, Suresh Bada Math
Globally, shortage of organs available for organ transplantation is a major problem. Studies assessing awareness and attitudes towards organ donation are limited from India. The aim of this study is to assess gender differences in the perceptions and attitude of general population toward organ donation. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among randomly selected patient relatives (n = 193) at the outpatient department of a tertiary care center. Data were collected through face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540750/neurobiology-of-emotions-an-update
#6
Vanderson Esperidião-Antonio, Marilia Majeski-Colombo, Diana Toledo-Monteverde, Glaciele Moraes-Martins, Juliana José Fernandes, Marjorie Bauchiglioni de Assis, Stefânia Montenegro, Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista
The 'nature' of emotions is one of the archaic themes of Western thought, thematized in different cultural manifestations - such as art, science, philosophy, myths and religion -, since Ancient times. In the last decades, the advances in neurosciences have permitted the construction of hypotheses that explain emotions, especially through the studies involving the limbic system. To present an updated discussion about the neurobiology of processes relating to emotions - focusing (1) on the main neural structures that relate to emotions, (2) the paths and circuits of greater relevance, (3) the implicated neurotransmitters, (4) the connections that possess neurovegetative control and (5) the discussion about the main emotions - is the objective of this present article...
May 25, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540223/asian-herbals-and-aphrodisiacs-used-for-managing-ed
#7
REVIEW
Peter H C Lim
In the East, many herbal tonics and preparations are used to assist the aging male improve his sexual drive or ability to perform penetrative sex by increasing sexual stimulation, erectile, ejaculatory, orgasmic and other responses for sexual function and satisfaction. The herbs and tonics act as or as "pick-me-ups" and energizing tonics which help the tired and fatigued male and those with sexual asthenia. The myths and realities concerning Tongkat Ali, sea horse, cobra meat and blood, animal penises and testicles amongst many other herbs and portions for oral intake or local application used by traditional "medical" practitioners and village doctors will be discussed...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534715/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-related-to-child-safety-restraint-in-citizens-of-shenzhen-municipality-china-and-the-associations-between-these-factors
#8
Shengyuan Liu, Haibin Zhou, Jianping Ma, Changyi Wang, Zhongwei Chen, Sihan Chen, Yingzhou Yang, Xiaoli Liu, Ji Peng, Leilei Duan, Xiao Deng
Objective-A child safety restraint (CSR) is an effective measure to reduce the risk of child injury from traffic collisions. This study aims to explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviors regarding CSR in a Chinese population. Methods-A cross-sectional survey regarding CSR use was conducted from April to May 2014 in Shenzhen Municipality. Respondents were parents who had at least one child 0 to 6 years of age and simultaneously owned a car. These parents provided a self-report of demographic characteristics as well as information about their knowledge, attitudes and behaviors toward CSR use...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533423/myth-of-medicine-s-golden-age-is-burden-to-young-doctors-says-gerada
#9
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532349/capabilities-and-limitations-of-peripheral-vision
#10
Ruth Rosenholtz
This review discusses several pervasive myths about peripheral vision, as well as what is actually true: Peripheral vision underlies a broad range of visual tasks, in spite of its significant loss of information. New understanding of peripheral vision, including likely mechanisms, has deep implications for our understanding of vision. From peripheral recognition to visual search, from change blindness to getting the gist of a scene, a lossy but relatively fixed peripheral encoding may determine the difficulty of many tasks...
October 14, 2016: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529371/siva-the-mad-lord-a-puranic-perspective
#11
Ottilingam Somasundaram, Tejus Murthy
The eccentricities of Lord Shiva, especially His attire, behavior - particularly the midnight dance at the cremation grounds surrounded by various strange beings, fondness to remain naked, and love for strange pets such as snakes and fawn, have attracted the loving and devout attention from His various adiyargal (devotees). This has resulted in the outpouring of their love for their Lord in the form of Thevaram and Thiruvachakam of Sambandar, Appar, Sundarar, Karaikal Ammaiyar, and Manickavachakar. Along with these writings, the background Puranic myths are mentioned...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529364/rape-is-it-a-lifestyle-or-behavioral-problem
#12
Zeel N Kamdar, Jayendrakumar K Kosambiya, Bansari L Chawada, Mamtarani Verma, Abhinav Kadia
INTRODUCTION: In India, girl is raped every 20 min. The majority of reports reveals youth is vulnerable group for rape victimization. A set of prejudicial, stereotyped, or false beliefs about rape, rape victims, and rapist exist in the community. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To study the attitude and myths toward rape among college going students of Surat City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: College students of various streams were participated in the study based on attitude toward rape scale (21 items) and updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (22 items)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525979/the-association-between-lunar-phase-and-intracranial-aneurysm-rupture-myth-or-reality-own-data-and-systematic-review
#13
Adomas Bunevicius, Agne Gendvilaite, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Arimantas Tamasauskas
BACKGROUND: It is a common belief in medical community that lunar phases have an impact on human health. A growing body of evidence indicates that lunar phases can predict the risk to develop acute neurological and vascular disorders. The goal of present report was to present our institution data and to perform systematic review of studies examining the association of intracranial aneurysm rupture with moon phases. METHODS: We identified all patients admitted to our department for ruptured intracranial aneurysms in a period between November, 2011 and December, 2014...
May 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525431/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-prenursing-and-nursing-students-about-sexual-assault
#14
Judith L Strunk
Sexual assault has been identified as a major public health problem in the United States, yet little research has been done regarding nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault. Lack of knowledge, or victim-blaming attitudes held by healthcare providers can be problematic for the care of the sexual assault victim, leaving them feeling upset and distressed after the healthcare encounter. Prenursing and nursing students were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523085/free-bone-grafts-for-mandibular-reconstruction-in-patients-who-have-not-received-radiotherapy-the-6-cm-rule-myth-or-reality
#15
Baljeet Nandra, Tirbod Fattahi, Tim Martin, Prav Praveen, Rui Fernandes, Sat Parmar
Bony reconstruction of the mandible after surgical resection results in improved rehabilitation and aesthetics. Composite tissue transfer has transformed reconstruction, particularly in patients who have received radiotherapy. However, there is morbidity related to free tissue transfer. Free nonvascularized bone grafts have much lower morbidity. Surgeons believe that free bone grafts greater than 6.0 cm are prone to failure. The aims of this study was to assess whether bone grafts greater than 6.0 cm in length have a high risk of failure...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522479/busting-myths-of-origin
#16
Ann Gibbons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517985/personalised-medicine-the-promise-the-hype-and-the-pitfalls
#17
Therese Feiler, Kezia Gaitskell, Tim Maughan, Joshua Hordern
In engaging critically with personalised medicine and mapping pitfalls which mark its progress this project aims to stimulate conversations which deal intelligently with controversies for the sake of consensus. We aim to ask the ethical questions which will lead to the improvement of healthcare and we take an open-minded approach to finding answers to them over time. What is or should be meant by 'personalised medicine' is a major theme of this issue. It is a debate bound up with question of both values in the sense of ethical reflection and value in the sense of economic return...
April 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516731/alopecia-areata-hyperactivity-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-is-a-myth
#18
Beata Bergler-Czop, Bartosz Miziołek, Ligia Brzezińska-Wcisło
INTRODUCTION: Psychological stress is known to cause exacerbation of different skin pathologies including alopecia areata (AA). A hyperactivity of the HPA axis in patients affected by AA (AA-patients) was proposed to be a neuroendocrine response to stress. Still little is known about MSH and cortisol production in AA settings. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare trends in a production of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and cortisol in patients with AA-patients and healthy controls...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515514/-advances-in-understanding-and-management-in-obstetric-anaesthesia-the-great-myth-of-our-times
#19
EDITORIAL
Edward Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509570/learners-perspectives-on-the-provision-of-condoms-in-south-african-public-schools
#20
W E de Bruin, S Panday-Soobrayan
A stubborn health challenge for learners in South African public schools concerns sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). In 2015, the Department of Basic Education (DBE) proposed the provision of condoms and SRHR-services to learners in schools. This study aimed to contribute to the finalisation and implementation of DBE's policy by exploring learners' perspectives on the provision of condoms and SRHR-services in schools. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted with learners (n = 116) from 33 public schools, to assess their attitudes, social influences, and needs and desires regarding condom provision and SRHR-services in schools...
May 16, 2017: AIDS Care
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