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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453588/-diverticular-disease-myths-and-realities
#1
Daniela Fluxá, Rodrigo Quera
Diverticulosis and diverticular disease of the colon are common conditions in Western countries. The incidence and prevalence of these diseases are increasing and becoming significant for health systems. A growing body of knowledge is shifting the paradigm of the pathogenesis and treatment of diverticular disease. Low-grade inflammation, altered intestinal microbiota, visceral hypersensitivity, and abnormal colonic motility have been identified as factors leading to diverticular disease. The risk of developing diverticulitis among individuals with diverticulosis is lower than 10 to 25%...
February 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446368/ebola-related-stigma-in-ghana-individual-and-community-level-determinants
#2
Eric Y Tenkorang
RATIONALE: Although Ebola-related stigmatization continues to undermine efforts to re-integrate survivors, few studies have examined what influences such stigmatizing attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This paper explores the effects of both individual- and community-level factors on Ebola-related stigma in Ghana. METHODS: Data were collected from a cross-section of 800 respondents, nested within 40 communities in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. Multi-level modelling was employed for analysis...
April 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444296/challenging-the-myths-of-cardiac-amyloidosis
#3
Omar K Siddiqi, Frederick L Ruberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442334/pica-practices-among-apparently-healthy-women-and-their-young-children-in-ghana
#4
B A Z Abu, V L van den Berg, J E Raubenheimer, V J Louw
BACKGROUND: Pica is an increased appetite/craving for food or non-food substances like clay, and chalk, and is strongly associated with iron deficiency (ID) anemia. This study assessed pica practices among non-pregnant mothers and their children, 12-to-59months, in an anemia endemic population in Ghana. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted in two randomly selected districts in Northern Ghana. The researchers developed semi-structured questionnaires with components on pica practice, history and experiences and administered via structured face-to-face interviews with mothers (N=161)...
April 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435474/the-vision-of-industrie-4-0-in-the-making-a-case-of-future-told-tamed-and-traded
#5
Sabine Pfeiffer
Since industrial trade fair Hannover Messe 2011, the term "Industrie 4.0" has ignited a vision of a new Industrial Revolution and has been inspiring a lively, ongoing debate among the German public about the future of work, and hence society, ever since. The discourse around this vision of the future eventually spread to other countries, with public awareness reaching a temporary peak in 2016 when the World Economic Forum's meeting in Davos was held with the motto "Mastering the Fourth Industrial Revolution...
2017: Nanoethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420254/common-diaper-ingredient-questions-modern-disposable-diaper-materials-are-safe-and-extensively-tested
#6
Jennifer Counts, Annie Weisbrod, Shan Yin
Today's disposable diapers are high-performance and well-tested products, designed to keep skin dry and healthy. They are primarily made of biologically inert polymers, commonly used in fabrics and other materials that are in contact with skin, and in foods and cosmetics. Still, product safety and ingredients in everyday products can be a source of anxiety for new parents. This article provides the facts behind some commonly asked questions from consumers about diaper ingredients and safety, including myths and facts related to chlorine, latex, dyes, and chemical additives...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420253/myths-on-chemical-burns-in-the-diaper-area
#7
Kara Shah
Over the past several years, a number of articles and online posts have circulated on the Internet associating use of disposable and cloth diapers with chemical burns on babies' skin. Because both mild chemical burns and diaper dermatitis (diaper rash) can cause skin redness and peeling, it is not surprising that some confusion has arisen regarding the association between these two conditions. However, diapers cannot cause chemical burns because they are made of inert materials. Diaper rash and chemical burns are distinct conditions that require different evaluation and treatment, which is why it is important for pediatricians to help parents understand the difference...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419879/challenging-the-myth-of-right-non-dominant-hemisphere-lessons-from-cortico-subcortical-stimulation-mapping-in-awake-surgery-and-surgical-implications
#8
REVIEW
Tatiana Vilasboas, Guillaume Herbet, Hugues Duffau
For a long time, the right hemisphere (RH) was considered as "non-dominant", especially in right-handers. In neurosurgical practice, this dogma resulted in the selection of awake procedure with language mapping only for lesions of the left "dominant" hemisphere. Conversely, surgery under general anesthesia (possibly with motor mapping) was usually proposed for right lesions. However, when objective neuropsychological assessments were performed, they frequently revealed cognitive and behavioral deficits following brain surgery, even in the RH...
April 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413688/presentation-and-care-of-a-family-with-huntington-disease-in-a-resource-limited-community
#9
Jarmal Charles, Lindyann Lessey, Jennifer Rooney, Ingmar Prokop, Katherine Yearwood, Hazel Da Breo, Patrick Rooney, Ruth H Walker, Andrew K Sobering
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries patients with Huntington disease (HD) typically present to healthcare providers after developing involuntary movements, or for pre-symptomatic genetic testing if at familial risk. A positive family history is a major guide when considering the decision to perform genetic testing for HD, both in affected and unaffected patients. Management of HD is focused upon control of symptoms, whether motor, cognitive, or psychiatric. There is no clear evidence to date of any disease-modifying agents...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413249/agricultural-input-credit-in-sub-saharan-africa-telling-myth-from-facts
#10
Serge G Adjognon, Lenis Saweda O Liverpool-Tasie, Thomas A Reardon
Recent evidence shows that many Sub-Saharan African farmers use modern inputs, but there is limited information on how these inputs are financed. We use recent nationally representative data from four countries to explore input financing and the role of credit therein. A number of our results contradict "conventional wisdom" found in the literature. Our results consistently show that traditional credit use, formal or informal, is extremely low (across credit type, country, crop and farm size categories). Instead, farmers primarily finance modern input purchases with cash from nonfarm activities and crop sales...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413242/agriculture-in-africa-telling-myths-from-facts-a-synthesis
#11
EDITORIAL
Luc Christiaensen
Stylized facts drive research agendas and policy debates. Yet robust stylized facts are hard to come by, and when available, often outdated. The 12 papers in this Special Issue revisit conventional wisdom on African agriculture and its farmers' livelihoods using nationally representative surveys from the Living Standards Measurement Study-Integrated Surveys on Agriculture Initiative in six African countries. At times they simply confirm our common understanding of the topic. But they also throw up a number of surprises, redirecting policy debates while fine-tuning others...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412832/gondeshapur-revisited-what-historical-evidence
#12
Touraj Nayernouri
In recent years, in European academic circles, there has been a trend to dismiss Gondeshapur as a myth perpetrated by the Bokhtishu family in early Islamic era, despite many historiographical attestations. The writings of Islamic historians such as Al-Qifti and Ibn Abi Usaibia have been discounted as exaggerations by non-contemporary historians, and the lack of primary Pahlavi sources blamed for historical hyperbole. In this essay, I have attempted to show through primary Syriac Christian texts, that there was both a medical school and a bimarestan in Gondeshapur in pre-Islamic Sassanid era, and that Galenic medical texts had been translated and taught in that institution...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412071/emergency-medicine-myths-cerebral-edema-in-pediatric-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-intravenous-fluids
#13
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a disease associated with several complications that can be severe. One complication includes cerebral edema (CE), and patients may experience significant morbidity with this disease. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates the myths concerning CE in pediatric DKA including mechanism, presentation of edema, clinical assessment of dehydration, and association with intravenous (i.v.) fluids. DISCUSSION: Multiple complications may occur in pediatric DKA...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408880/a-bayesian-model-for-the-prediction-and-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Athanasios Alexiou, Vasileios D Mantzavinos, Nigel H Greig, Mohammad A Kamal
Alzheimer's disease treatment is still an open problem. The diversity of symptoms, the alterations in common pathophysiology, the existence of asymptomatic cases, the different types of sporadic and familial Alzheimer's and their relevance with other types of dementia and comorbidities, have already created a myth-fear against the leading disease of the twenty first century. Many failed latest clinical trials and novel medications have revealed the early diagnosis as the most critical treatment solution, even though scientists tested the amyloid hypothesis and few related drugs...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407952/common-food-colorants-and-allergic-reactions-in-children-myth-or-reality
#15
REVIEW
Gavriela Feketea, Sophia Tsabouri
Various additives, including food colorants (FCs), are used in the food industry to make food appealing to consumers and to add variety. Despite the widespread usage of FCs, adverse reactions related to their consumption, including reactions triggered by immune (immediate and delayed-type hypersensitivity) and non-immune (intolerance) mechanisms, are considered rare. There is a discrepancy between the perception of patients and parents (7.4%) and the reported prevalence of adverse reactions to additives (0...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406133/knowledge-and-awareness-of-breast-cancer-among-rural-women-in-umuowa-orlu-local-government-area-imo-state-south-east-nigeria
#16
A Nwaneri, E O Osuala, P U Okpala, A C Emesowum, P Iheanacho
BACKGROUND: Many women with breast cancer present at the health institutions with advanced multiple nodal involvements have poor prognostic outcome. Knowledge and awareness of breast cancer may promote health-seeking behavior, thus early diagnosis and increased survival rate of breast cancer cases. The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge and awareness of women on breast self-examination (BSE) in Umuowa, which would guide future intervention program on breast cancer prevention and control in the community...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403946/vitamin-k-and-osteoporosis-myth-or-reality
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Palermo, Dario Tuccinardi, Luca D'Onofrio, Mikiko Watanabe, Daria Maggi, Anna Rita Maurizi, Valentina Greto, Raffaella Buzzetti, Nicola Napoli, Paolo Pozzilli, Silvia Manfrini
Vitamin K is a liposoluble vitamin. The predominant dietary form, phylloquinone or vitamin K1, is found in plants and green vegetables; whereas menaquinone, or vitamin K2, is endogenously synthesized by intestinal bacteria and includes several subtypes that differ in side chain length. Aside from its established role in blood clotting, several studies now support a critical function of vitamin K in improving bone health. Vitamin K is in fact required for osteocalcin carboxylation that in turn regulates bone mineral accretion; it seems to promote the transition of osteoblasts to osteocytes and also limits the process of osteoclastogenesis...
May 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403169/osteopontin-activates-the-diabetes-associated-potassium-channel-talk-1-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#18
Matthew T Dickerson, Nicholas C Vierra, Sarah C Milian, Prasanna K Dadi, David A Jacobson
Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) relies on β-cell Ca2+ influx, which is modulated by the two-pore-domain K+ (K2P) channel, TALK-1. A gain-of-function polymorphism in KCNK16, the gene encoding TALK-1, increases risk for developing type-2 diabetes. While TALK-1 serves an important role in modulating GSIS, the regulatory mechanism(s) that control β-cell TALK-1 channels are unknown. Therefore, we employed a membrane-specific yeast two-hybrid (MYTH) assay to identify TALK-1-interacting proteins in human islets, which will assist in determining signaling modalities that modulate TALK-1 function...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400451/shattering-the-myths-of-private-practice
#19
Abi Berger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399923/making-good-on-a-call-to-expand-method-choice-for-young-people-turning-rhetoric-into-reality-for-addressing-sustainable-development-goal-three
#20
Fariyal Fatma Fikree, Catharine Lane, Callie Simon, Gwyn Hainsworth, Patricia MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Investments in the nearly two billion young people, aged 10-24 years, in the world today are necessary to meet global development commitments, specifically the Sustainable Development Goals and Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths. More than 12 million married and unmarried adolescents (aged 15-19) will give birth in 2016. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the second leading cause of death among 15-19 year-old women and early childbearing can significantly curtail social and economic prospects for young women...
April 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
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