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Rakhi Jain, Puneet Anand, Anuj Dhyani, Deshant Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Menstruation in our country is associated with various myths and restrictions leading to lack of awareness among adolescent girls. Insufficient menstrual hygiene practices are the cause of stress associated with menstruation and reproductive tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS are not openly discussed in our society making adolescents vulnerable to them. AIM: To assess the knowledge of school going adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and HIV/AIDS...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Anneliese Moerman, Stefan De Hert
In recent years, the feasibility of near-infrared spectroscopy to continuously assess cerebral autoregulation has gained increasing interest. By plotting cerebral oxygen saturation over blood pressure, clinicians can generate an index of autoregulation: the cerebral oximetry index (COx). Successful integration of this monitoring ability in daily critical care may allow clinicians to tailor blood pressure management to the individual patient's need and might prove to be a major step forward in terms of patient outcome...
2017: F1000Research
V Bond, S Floyd, J Fenty, A Schaap, P Godfrey-Faussett, M Claassens, K Shanaube, H Ayles, J R Hargreaves
SETTING: Zambian and South African TB and HIV Reduction (ZAMSTAR) cluster-randomised trial (CRT) communities, 2006-2009. OBJECTIVES: To develop TB stigma items, and evaluate changes in them in response to a household intervention aimed at reducing TB transmission and prevalence but not tailored to reduce stigma. DESIGN: TB stigma was measured at baseline and 18 months later among 1826 recently diagnosed TB patients and 1235 adult members of their households across 24 communities; 12 of 24 communities were randomised to receive the household intervention...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
M Denise Dowd
Drowning is a leading cause of death in children and is highly preventable. More than 10 people die of drowning in the United States each day, most of them adults. Rates of drowning are highest in children given their developmental vulnerabilities. Drowning incidents that result in cardiopulmonary arrest have a straightforward emergency clinical response, but the management approaches to the more common scenario of brief, nonfatal submersion is less clear. Clinicians must make clinical-care decisions based on evidence to provide safe and effective care in a timely manner and to help families avoid unnecessary anxiety...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
Jeffrey S Dover, Gary Monheit, Mark Greener, Andy Pickett
BACKGROUND: Several formulations of Botulinum toxin serotype A (BoNT-A) for aesthetic indications are available, with numbers likely to increase. Preparations are not interchangeable, based on dose unit comparisons. OBJECTIVE: Numerous myths and misconceptions regarding the use of BoNT-A for aesthetic indications have arisen, which this review aims to lay to rest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review assesses evidence for and against each of the most common myths regarding BoNT use in aesthetics...
October 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Walid F Gellad, Carolyn T Thorpe, John F Steiner, Corrine I Voils
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Jeanine Young-Mason
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Mons Bendixen, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair
This paper reports on the development and the psychometric properties of short forms of Ambivalent Sexism Scales toward women (ASI; Glick & Fiske, 1996) and men (AMI; Glick & Fiske, 1999), and a scale measuring rape stereotypes (IRMA; McMahon & Farmer, 2011). The short form AMI/ASI were applied for examining gender and educational differences in university students (N = 512) and in high school students (N = 1381), and for predicting individual differences in rape stereotypes in the latter. The short forms demonstrated good to excellent psychometric properties across samples of emerging adults...
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Anna Kupniewska, Krystyna Szymanska, Urszula Demkow
Synaptopathy underlies a great variety of neurological or neurodevelopmental disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases and the highly complex neuropsychiatric syndromes. Standard diagnostic assays in the majority of synaptopathies are insufficient to make an appropriate and fast diagnosis, which has spurred a search for more accurate diagnostic methods using recent technological advances. As synaptopathy phenotypes strictly depend on genetics and environmental factors, the best way to approach these diseases is the investigation of entire sets of protein characteristics...
October 6, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
C Muggaga, D Ongeng, B Mugonola, I Okello-Uma, N A Kaaya, D Taylor
The study determined the influence of sociocultural practices on food and nutrition security of children and women in Karamoja subregion, located in northeastern Uganda. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted among 133 participants. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Findings indicate that cultural norms, myths, and taboos restrict consumption of animal-sourced foods and some green vegetables by women. Sociocultural practices promoted prelacteal feeding, affecting the implementation of World Health Organization's recommendations for exclusive breast feeding...
September 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Atanaska S Dinkova, Dimitar T Atanasov, Ludmila G Vladimirova-Kitova
BACKGROUND: The risk of excessive bleeding often prompts physicians to interrupt the antiplatelet agents as acetylsalicilyc acid and clopidogrel before dental extractions which puts patients at risk of adverse thrombotic events. AIM: To assess the bleeding risk during dental extractions in patients with continued antiplatelet therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 130 patients (64 men and 66 women) aged between 18 and 99 years old...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
Giovanna Muscogiuri, Luigi Barrea, Daniela Laudisio, Silvia Savastano, Annamaria Colao
Obesogenic endocrine disruptors, also known as obesogens, are chemicals potentially involved in weight gain by altering lipid homeostasis and promoting adipogenesis and lipid accumulation. They included compounds to which human population is exposed over daily life such as pesticides/herbicides, industrial and household products, plastics, detergents and personal care products. The window of life during which the exposure happens could lead to different effects. A critical window is during utero and/or neonatal period in which the obesogens could cause subtle changes in gene expression and tissue organization or blunt other levels of biological organization leading to increased susceptibility to diseases in the adulthood...
October 3, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
Alberto J Espay, Anthony E Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
Shen-Yang Lim, Werner Poewe, Ai Huey Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
John C Navarro, Richard Tewksbury
Athletes are cited as common perpetrators of sexual victimization and are at greater risk of becoming offenders compared with nonathletes. Demographic, lifestyle, and social characteristics of 624 nonathletes and 101 athletes from 21 U.S. Division I postsecondary educational institutions were assessed, with the updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance scale gauging endorsement of rape myths. Results indicate that athletes and nonathletes were similar in the degree of rape myth acceptance, with athletes reporting stronger agreement with rape myths than nonathletes did...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Benito Yáñez-Araque, Felipe Hernández-Perlines, Juan Moreno-Garcia
The training of human resources improves business performance: myth or reality? While the literature has extensively addressed this issue, the transfer that occurs from training to performance still remains unresolved. The present study suggests an empirical solution to this gap, through a multiple mediation model of dynamic capabilities. Accordingly, the study makes a major contribution to the effectiveness of an organizational-level training: the "true" relationship between training and performance is mediated by absorptive and innovative capacities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Alejandro A Rabinstein
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis is uncommon in clinical practice, but is frequently suspected in patients with acute alterations of consciousness. Symptoms and physical signs are nonspecific, and diagnostic confirmation typically hinges on demonstration of viral DNA in cerebrospinal fluid. Brain MRI is helpful in diagnosis and provides prognostic information. Early initiation of intravenous acyclovir is essential to optimize the patient's chances of favorable recovery. HSV encephalitis can trigger an autoimmune reaction with the possible appearance of antibodies to neuronal surface antigens...
November 2017: Neurologic Clinics
A W Batchelder, L Cockerham-Colas, D Peyser, S P Reynoso, I Soloway, A H Litwin
BACKGROUND: Although opioid-dependent patients are disproportionately impacted by hepatitis C (HCV), many do not receive treatment. In addition to HCV treatment-access barriers, substance-using patients may be reluctant to pursue treatment because of wariness of the medical system, lack of knowledge, or stigma related to HCV treatment. Implementation of a formal peer education program is one model of reducing provider- and patient-level barriers to HCV treatment, by enhancing mutual trust and reducing stigma...
September 29, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
Wyatt C Hornsby, William Bailey, Patricia A Braun, Karl Weiss, James Heichelbech
QUESTION: Can a multifaceted statewide communications campaign motivate behavior change in low-income Colorado families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase children's consumption of tap water to prevent tooth decay? PURPOSE: Caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, affecting 40% of kindergartners and 55% of third graders in Colorado. Frequent consumption of 100% fruit juice is linked to childhood caries. The purpose of this campaign, "Cavities Get Around," was to motivate families to limit children's fruit juice consumption and increase consumption of tap water to protect baby teeth from caries, while also building public will for children's oral health...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
Khaula Atif, Tehmina Babar, Syed Abid Hassan Naqvi, Annam Javed, Afeera Afsheen, Karishma Ehsan
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prevalence of myths among women regarding growth and health-related issues of children, and to study the impact of basic demographic factors in this regard. METHODS: The educational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was carried out at the Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, from January 2016 to January 2017. It comprised women reporting to paediatric outpatient clinics, and the subjects were selected using convenience sampling...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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