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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212260/laparoscopic-approach-in-colonic-diverticulitis-dispelling-myths-and-misperceptions
#1
Panagiota Gralista, Demetrios Moris, Michail Vailas, Anastasios Angelou, Athanasios Petrou, Evangelos Felekouras, Alexandros Papalampros
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diverticular disease is a first-class health care problem and one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in western industrialized countries, causing significant morbidity and mortality. In this review of the literature, we aim to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the laparoscopic approach in both elective and emergency setting of diverticular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bibliographic search of articles was performed using the electronic database Medline from PubMed...
February 16, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#2
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192310/a-case-study-on-the-myth-of-emission-from-aliphatic-amides
#3
Avinash Kumar Singh, Sreyashi Das, Anindya Datta
For several decades, aliphatic amidic compounds have been believed to be emissive. We report that this contention is incorrect and that the anomalous emission from amides originates in fluorescent impurities generated during their synthesis. In order to make this point, we have synthesized fluorescent compounds and have compared the absorption spectra with excitation spectra.
December 19, 2016: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185595/exploring-pathways-for-building-trust-in-vaccination-and-strengthening-health-system-resilience
#4
Sachiko Ozawa, Ligia Paina, Mary Qiu
BACKGROUND: Trust is critical to generate and maintain demand for vaccines in low and middle income countries. However, there is little documentation on how health system insufficiencies affect trust in vaccination and the process of re-building trust once it has been compromised. We reflect on how disruptions to immunizations systems can affect trust in vaccination and can compromise vaccine utilization. We then explore key pathways for overcoming system vulnerabilities in order to restore trust, to strengthen the resilience of health systems and communities, and to promote vaccine utilization...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184064/antimicrobial-resistance-the-antibiotic-cure-all-myth
#5
R Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183317/practical-guide-to-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency-breaking-the-myths
#6
EDITORIAL
Maarten R Struyvenberg, Camilia R Martin, Steven D Freedman
BACKGROUND: Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is characterized by a deficiency of exocrine pancreatic enzymes, resulting in malabsorption. Numerous conditions account for the etiology of EPI, with the most common being diseases of the pancreatic parenchyma including chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, and a history of extensive necrotizing acute pancreatitis. Treatment for EPI includes dietary management, lifestyle changes (i.e., decrease in alcohol consumption and smoking cessation), and pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy...
February 10, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179693/perceptions-of-rural-women-about-contraceptive-usage-in-district-khushab-punjab
#7
Aqeela Tabassum, Yasir Nawaz Manj, Tahira Rehman Gunjial, Salma Nazir
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perceptions of rural women about modern contraceptive methods and to ascertain the psycho-social and economic attitude of women about family planning methods. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan, from December 2014 to March 2015, and comprised married women. The sample was selected using multistage sampling technique through Fitzgibbon table. They were interviewed regarding use of family planning methods...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179170/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-craniovertebral-junction-pathologies-myth-and-truth-in-clinical-series-and-personal-experience
#8
REVIEW
Massimiliano Visocchi, Francesco Signorelli, Chenlong Liao, Mario Rigante, Gaetano Paludetti, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Alessandro Olivi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178954/experiencing-aging-or-demystifying-myths-impact-of-different-geriatrics-and-gerontology-teaching-strategies-in-first-year-medical-students
#9
Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Isabella Noceli de Oliveira, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel
BACKGROUND: With the aging of the population comes a greater need for geriatric and gerontology teaching. However, there is currently a dearth of investigations on the impact of different educational methodologies for teaching in this area early in medical courses. The present study aims to determine the impact of two educational strategies on the topic "Geriatrics and Gerontology" ("experiencing aging" and "myths of aging") as compared to a control group (no intervention) on the attitudes, empathy and knowledge of first year medical students...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174032/emergency-medicine-myths-epinephrine-in-cardiac-arrest
#10
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac arrest accounts for approximately 15% of deaths in developed nations, with poor survival rate. The American Heart Association states that epinephrine is reasonable for patients with cardiac arrest, though the literature behind its use is not strong. OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence behind epinephrine for cardiac arrest. DISCUSSION: Sudden cardiac arrest causes over 450,000 deaths annually in the United States. The American Heart Association recommends epinephrine may be reasonable in patients with cardiac arrest, as part of Advanced Cardiac Life Support...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163309/acute-kidney-injury-aki-the-myth-of-inevitability-is-finally-shattered
#11
John A Kellum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160875/understanding-palliative-care-and-hospice-a%C3%A2-review-for-primary-care-providers
#12
REVIEW
Mary K Buss, Laura K Rock, Ellen P McCarthy
Palliative care provides invaluable clinical management and support for patients and their families. For most people, palliative care is not provided by hospice and palliative medicine specialists, but rather by their primary care providers. The recognition of hospice and palliative medicine as its own medical subspecialty in 2006 highlighted the importance of palliative care to the practice of medicine, yet many health care professionals harbor misconceptions about palliative care, which may be a barrier to ensuring that the palliative care needs of their patients are identified and met in a timely fashion...
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154047/predicting-armed-conflict-time-to-adjust-our-expectations
#13
REVIEW
Lars-Erik Cederman, Nils B Weidmann
This Essay provides an introduction to the general challenges of predicting political violence, particularly compared with predicting other types of events (such as earthquakes). What is possible? What is less realistic? We aim to debunk myths about predicting violence, as well as to illustrate the substantial progress in this field.
February 3, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151937/conspiracy-beliefs-and-knowledge-about-hiv-origins-among-adolescents-in-soweto-south-africa
#14
Robert Hogg, Busisiwe Nkala, Janan Dietrich, Alexandra Collins, Kalysha Closson, Zishan Cui, Steve Kanters, Jason Chia, Bernard Barhafuma, Alexis Palmer, Angela Kaida, Glenda Gray, Cari Miller
PURPOSE: We examined adolescents' knowledge regarding the origin of HIV/AIDS and correlates of beliefs surrounding conspiracy theories in Soweto, South Africa. Now, a decade post-AIDS denialism, South Africa has the largest antiretroviral therapy roll-out worldwide. However, conspiracy theories stemming from past AIDS denialism may impact HIV prevention and treatment efforts. METHODS: Study participants were recruited through the Kganya Motsha Adolescent Health Centre and the Perinatal HIV Research Unit's Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Study (BBAHS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151072/dismantling-the-man-made-myths-upholding-female-genital-mutilation
#15
Ismael Jiménez Ruiz, Pilar Almansa Martínez, Carolina Alcón Belchí
FGM is internationally considered an affront on human rights and an act of violence against women and young girls. Furthermore, it hierarchizes and perpetuates inequality and denies women and girls the right to physical and psychosexual integrity. The aim of this study is to detect the weak points and false premises underlying male justification of FGM and to present demythologization as a health education tool. We used a qualitative methodology with an ethonursing focus via semi-structured individual and group interviews in 25 men associated with FGM...
February 2, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148948/the-immuno-oncology-race-myths-and-emerging-realities
#16
Stephen Cavnar, Pedro Valencia, Jesse Brock, Judith Wallenstein, Valery Panier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145272/medical-myth-busting-to-engage-physiology-students-in-scientific-literature
#17
Sarah McLean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138173/assessment-of-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-about-human-papilloma-virus-vaccine-among-the-nurses-working-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#18
Jun-Mei Zhang, Qi-Mei Zhao, Lei-Ming Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge about human papilloma virus infection and vaccine, to ascertain the attitude and practices about the vaccine, and to ascertain the determinants preventing people from getting themselves vaccinated. METHODS: The cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from June to August 2015 in Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Henan, China, and comprised all the nursing staff including nursing students. A piloted semi-structured questionnaire was used for collecting data...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137354/palliative-care-in-the-nicu-and-why-education-matters
#19
Deborah Discenza
Palliative care in the NICU gets a bad rap to the point where it is not even clearly described to families. There is a strong need for education and dispelling the myths that surround this very important type of support.
January 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133739/refuting-the-myth-of-non-response-to-exercise-training-non-responders-do-respond-to-higher-dose-of-training
#20
David Montero, Carsten Lundby
One in five adults following physical activity guidelines are reported not demonstrating any improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Herein, we sought to establish whether CRF non-response to exercise training is dose-dependent, using a between- and within-subject study design. Seventy-eight healthy adults were divided into 5 groups ('1', '2', '3', '4' and '5') respectively comprising 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 × 60 min exercise sessions per week but otherwise following an identical 6-week endurance training (ET) program...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Physiology
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