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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821534/marching-for-the-myth-of-science-a-self-destructive-celebration-of-scientific-exceptionalism
#1
Bart Penders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#2
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814947/preserving-the-anti-scientific-linear-no-threshold-myth-authority-agnosticism-transparency-and-the-standard-of-care
#3
Bill Sacks, Jeffry A Siegel
The linear no-threshold (LNT) assumption is over 70 years old and holds that all ionizing radiation exposure leaves cumulative effects, all of which are harmful regardless of how low the dose or dose rate is. The claimed harm centers on the risk of future radiogenic cancer. This has been shown countless times to be fallacious, and hundreds of scientific studies-both experimental and observational/epidemiological-demonstrate that at low enough doses and dose rates, ionizing radiation stimulates an evolved adaptive response and therefore is beneficial to health, lowering rather than raising the risk of cancer...
July 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814120/how-east-germany-fabricated-the-myth-of-hiv-being-man-made
#4
Anders Jeppsson
Despite the fact that the origin of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) being a contamination and a mutation originating from primates is well-documented alternative narratives are often being heard ofespecially in sub-Saharan Africa. One such narrative is about HIV being man-made in a military laboratory in the United States. In this article, it is shown how this narrative was fabricated by the intelligence services in East Germany (German Democratic Republic - GDR) as part of the ideological warfare during the Cold War...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813396/promiscuous-men-chaste-women-and-other-gender-myths
#5
Cordelia Fine, Mark A Elgar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807554/grassroots-technological-resistance-the-people-s-power-project-and-the-impossible-dream-of-wireless-transmission-of-energy
#6
Pete Schmidt
In 1972, the Minnesota United Power Association (UPA) teamed up with the Minnesota Cooperative Power Association (CPA) to initiate an electrification project designed to bring power from North Dakota to the Twin Cities area. A significant backlash and protest began once farmers across the state became aware of the plan and the potential impending land seizure. In the midst of these actions, one group sought to create an alternative to the power line transmission system by designing a system of wireless energy transmission based on the plans of Nikola Tesla...
August 11, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807545/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-myths-of-pharmacologic-management
#7
REVIEW
Steven M Donn
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the leading cause of long-term respiratory morbidity in newborns who require respiratory support at birth. BPD is a multifactorial disorder, and infants are frequently subjected to treatment with multiple pharmacologic agents of dubious efficacy and questionable safety, including diuretics, bronchodilators, corticosteroids, anti-reflux medications, and pulmonary vasodilators. These agents, with narrow therapeutic indices, are widely used despite the lack of an evidence base, and some may do more harm than good...
August 11, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805197/family-of-a-person-suffering-from-schizophrenia-in-the-context-of-a-qualitative-approach-to-understanding-the-family-as-a-system
#8
Andrzej Witusik
Qualitative analysis of the family system including a person suffering from schizophrenia is an underestimated research paradigm in modern psychiatry, clinical psychology and psychotherapy. This method is important both from the cognitive point of view and for evaluation of the effectiveness of therapy. AIM: The aim of the study was a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process in a family whose member is suffering from schizophrenic psychosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study of the process using qualitative research methodology in the paradigm of systemic thinking pointing to the mutual interactions in the family system inducing relapses in the identified patient, with identification of triangulation processes, transgenerational myths inheritance and coalitions formed by the family members...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801000/palliative-care-development-in-ukraine
#9
Victoria Tymoshevska, Kseniya Shapoval-Deinega
There are approximately 1 million cancer patients in Ukraine and 90,000 cancer deaths a year, 35% of these are diagnosed in the late stage of disease. Ukraine has the most severe HIV epidemic in the region with more than 200,000 persons living with HIV/AIDS and 6000-10000 deaths annually. The morphine consumption rate is among the lowest in the. The first palliative care services were established in 1996 and the number has slowly increased with services provided in inpatient units, home and day care programs and by a range of health care providers...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799515/antiepileptic-treatments-in-developing-countries
#10
Jeremy Jost, Athanase Millogo, Pierre-Marie Preux
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy affects about 70 million people worldwide, nearly 90% of whom live in developing countries. Epilepsy is surrounded by myths and stigma in these countries. Discrimination and social stigmatization are difficult obstacles for patients to overcome. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards epilepsy are often inadequate, even sometimes totally false and then dangerous. METHODS: The goal was to present the situation and analyse the determinants of using antiepileptic drugs in developing countries...
August 9, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793816/effects-of-awareness-material-on-suicide-related-knowledge-and-the-intention-to-provide-adequate-help-to-suicidal-individuals
#11
Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Sabrina Krallmann, Benedikt Till
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of educative media reports on the intention to provide help to suicidal individuals and on suicide-related knowledge. AIMS: To test whether material debunking widely shared myths influences knowledge and the intention to provide adequate help to others, and if such information reduces reading enjoyment. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was utilized. Participants allocated to the intervention group were exposed to awareness material explicitly addressing suicide myths...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793108/validation-of-educational-booklet-for-hiv-aids-prevention-in-older-adults
#12
Luana Ibiapina Cordeiro, Thais de Oliveira Lopes, Luciane Elise de Abreu Lira, Sarah Maria de Sousa Feitoza, Maria Eliana Peixoto Bessa, Maria Lúcia Duarte Pereira, Aline Rodrigues Feitoza, Adriano Rodrigues de Souza
Objective: To describe the process of manufacturing and validation of an educational booklet for HIV/Aids prevention in older adults. Methods: Methodological study developed in two phases - manufacturing of the booklet and validation of the educational material by judges. The manufacturing process involved a situational diagnosis with older adults, and its result indicated gaps in the knowledge with respect to HIV/Aids. The validation process was performed by nine judges, selected by convenience...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792340/the-myths-and-the-benefits
#13
Angelo Varetto
In April, the apprenticeship levy was introduced, meaning all organisations with a pay bill exceeding £3 million must contribute. This legislative overhaul has seen a growing number of apprentices in the NHS in England, where historically the training method has been rarely used.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782316/rediscovering-chirality-role-of-s-metoprolol-in-cardiovascular-disease-management
#14
Jagdish C Mohan, Siddharth N Shah, Sunny Chinchansurkar, Arindam Dey, Rishi Jain
BACKGROUND: The process of drug discovery and development today encompass a myriad of paths for bringing a new therapeutic molecule that has minimal adverse effects and of optimal use to the patient. Chirality was proposed in the direction of providing a purer and safer form of drug [Ex- cetrizine and levocetrizine]. Decades have passed since the introduction of this concept and numerous chiral molecules are in existence in therapeutics, yet somehow this concept has been ignored. This review aims to rediscover the ignored facts about chirality, its benefits and clear some common myths considering the example of S-Metoprolol in the management of Hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases...
June 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780065/eating-and-health-behaviors-in-vegans-compared-to-omnivores-dispelling-common-myths
#15
Sydney Heiss, Jaime A Coffino, Julia M Hormes
Studies comparing eating behaviors in individuals avoiding meat and other animal products to omnivores have produced largely inconclusive findings, in part due to a failure to obtain sufficiently large samples of vegan participants to make meaningful comparisons. This study examined eating and health behaviors in a large community sample of dietary vegans ("vegans"), compared to omnivores. Participants (n = 578, 80.4% female) completed an online questionnaire assessing a range of eating- and other health-related attitudes and behaviors...
August 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776168/addendum-to-the-effects-of-college-on-weight-examining-the-freshman-15-myth-and-other-effects-of-college-over-the-life-cycle
#16
Charles L Baum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764681/a-brief-trauma-informed-intervention-increases-safety-behavior-and-reduces-hiv-risk-for-drug-involved-women-who-trade-sex
#17
Michele R Decker, Catherine Tomko, Erin Wingo, Anne Sawyer, Sarah Peitzmeier, Nancy Glass, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are an important population for HIV acquisition and transmission. Their risks are shaped by behavioral, sexual network, and structural level factors. Violence is pervasive and associated with HIV risk behavior and infection, yet interventions to address the dual epidemics of violence and HIV among FSWs are limited. METHODS: We used participatory methods to develop a brief, trauma-informed intervention, INSPIRE (Integrating Safety Promotion with HIV Risk Reduction), to improve safety and reduce HIV risk for FSWs...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761260/prospective-analytical-controlled-study-evaluating-serum-biotin-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-in-patients-with-premature-canities
#18
Deepashree Daulatabad, Archana Singal, Chander Grover, Neelam Chhillar
BACKGROUND: Premature canities is a common yet unfathomed disorder. The evidence for the role of micronutrient deficiency in premature canities is not well established. AIM: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the micronutrient levels in Indian patients with premature canities as compared to controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in 52 self-reporting patients with premature canities (<20 years age). Micronutrient levels including serum Vitamin B12, biotin, and folic acid were assessed and compared among the patients and controls...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758765/ptsd-mental-illness-and-care-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-northern-uganda-findings-from-the-ways-study
#19
Kennedy Amone-P'Olak, Ask Elklit, Sarah Bøgelund Dokkedahl
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have mainly considered war-affected youth as a homogenous group yet several subpopulations of war-affected youth, such as survivors of sexual violence, exist with unique mental health problems and treatment needs. This study aimed to assess posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), perceptions and meaning of mental illness, and access and barriers to mental health care among survivors of sexual violence. METHOD: Data were collected from survivors of sexual violence during war (N = 181) who are participants in the longitudinal War-Affected Youth Survey (WAYS) study in Northern Uganda...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756643/commentary-on-myths-and-methodologies-making-sense-of-exercise-mass-and-water-balance
#20
James D Cotter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2017: Experimental Physiology
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