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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457826/prevalence-of-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-professional-male-long-distance-bus-drivers-in-lagos-south-west-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Casmir E Amadi, Tim P Grove, Amam C Mbakwem, Obianuju B Ozoh, Oyewole A Kushimo, David A Wood, Michael Akinkunmi
BACKGROUND: Professional drivers are known to be at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study was carried out to highlight these risk factors and their predictors among male long-distance professional bus drivers in Lagos, south-west Nigeria, with a view to improving health awareness in this group. METHOD: Socio-demographic data, anthropometric indices, blood pressure, fasting plasma blood glucose levels and lipid and physical activity profiles of 293 drivers were measured...
February 19, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457753/bone-strength-and-exercise-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#2
Kathleen F Janz, Fatima Baptista
The positive effects of physical activity on bone strength are certain. However, researchers have yet to precisely quantify the contribution of specific characteristics of physical activity that affect bone strength in children and adolescents. This commentary highlights 2 noteworthy 2017 publications that addressed osteogenic physical activity dose-response issues. Both papers moved the field forward by providing new insights on physical activity exposures beyond high-impact loading. Koedijk et al's paper was selected because, to the best of our knowledge, it is the first systematic review to solely examine associations between sedentary behavior and indicators of bone strength...
February 19, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457580/food-and-beverage-intakes-according-to-physical-activity-levels-in-european-children-the-idefics-identification-and-prevention-of-dietary-and-lifestyle-induced-health-effects-in-children-and-infants-study
#3
Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Jaime E Llamas Dios, Ole Sprengeler, Antje Hebestreit, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Regina Felsö, Fabio Lauria, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Valeria Pala, Luis A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) levels and dietary habits are considered some of the most important factors associated with obesity. The present study aimed to examine the association between PA level and food and beverage consumption in European children (2-10 years old). Design/Setting/Subjects A sample of 7229 children (49·0 % girls) from eight European countries participating in the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary and lifestyle induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) study was included...
February 19, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457512/perceived-diet-and-exercise-behaviors-among-social-network-members-with-personal-lifestyle-habits-of-public-housing-residents
#4
Kimberly A Gudzune, Jennifer Peyton, Craig Evan Pollack, J Hunter Young, David M Levine, Carl A Latkin, Jeanne M Clark
Our objective was to characterize the relationship between public housing residents' diet/exercise habits with similar behaviors among their social network. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected households in Baltimore, Maryland, from August 2014 to August 2015. Adult heads of household completed questions on diet, exercise, and perceived habits among network members. Our dependent variables were high added sugar intake (≥39.9 teaspoons/day), high fruit/vegetable intake (≥6.1 servings/day), and being physically active (≥moderately activity)...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457497/prevalence-and-demographic-correlates-of-overweight-physical-activity-and-screen-time-among-school-aged-children-in-urban-china-the-shanghai-study
#5
Xihe Zhu, Justin A Haegele, Yan Tang, Xueping Wu
This study reports the prevalence and demographic correlates of overweight, as well as meeting physical activity and screen time guidelines, in Chinese children. A representative sample of school-aged children ( n = 49 549) in Shanghai were participants. Children's anthropometrics were objectively measured; their physical activity and screen time, and demographic variables including age, sex, skill proficiency, sport affiliation, and transportation mode were self-reported. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457496/prostate-cancer-risk-reduced-by-physical-activity-even-among-men-with-prolonged-sitting-time-a-study-from-vietnam
#6
Dong Van Hoang, Andy H Lee, Ngoc Minh Pham, Colin W Binns
Increasing prostate cancer incidence in the Asia-Pacific region may be related to a more sedentary lifestyle resulted from economic growth and rapid urbanization. The present case-control study of 640 men aged 64 to 75 years was conducted in Vietnam between 2013 and 2015 to ascertain the relationship between physical activity and prostate cancer risk, accounting for the duration of sitting time. Reduced prostate cancer risks were found for men engaging in medium (15.8-47.3 metabolic equivalent task [MET]-h/week) and high (>47...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#7
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456898/passive-radar-for-opportunistic-monitoring-in-e-health-applications
#8
Wenda Li, Bo Tan, Robert Piechocki
This paper proposes a passive Doppler radar as a non-contact sensing method to capture human body movements, recognize respiration, and physical activities in e-Health applications. The system uses existing in-home wireless signal as the source to interpret human activity. This paper shows that passive radar is a novel solution for multiple healthcare applications which complements traditional smart home sensor systems. An innovative two-stage signal processing framework is outlined to enable the multi-purpose monitoring function...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456896/factors-associated-with-elevated-blood-pressure-or-hypertension-in-afro-caribbean-youth-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Trevor S Ferguson, Novie O M Younger-Coleman, Marshall K Tulloch-Reid, Nadia R Bennett, Amanda E Rousseau, Jennifer M Knight-Madden, Maureen E Samms-Vaughan, Deanna E Ashley, Rainford J Wilks
Background: Although several studies have identified risk factors for high blood pressure (BP), data from Afro-Caribbean populations are limited. Additionally, less is known about how putative risk factors operate in young adults and how social factors influence the risk of high BP. In this study, we estimated the relative risk for elevated BP or hypertension (EBP/HTN), defined as BP ≥ 120/80 mmHg, among young adults with putative cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Jamaica and evaluated whether relative risks differed by sex...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456347/the-evolving-pattern-and-outcome-of-stroke-at-moderate-altitude
#10
Deepika Dhiman, Sanjay K Mahajan, Sudhir Sharma, Rajiv Raina
Background: The people residing in hills of this Sub-Himalayan region traditionally have a distinct lifestyle involving high level of physical activity. However, increased urbanization in the last two decades has led to changes in lifestyle of people. The present study was an endeavor to document changes in the pattern of stroke in people residing at moderate altitude. Aim: This study was aimed to study the evolving trends in clinical profile, risk factors, and outcome at 3 months in hospitalized patients of stroke in a Tertiary Care Hospital situated at moderate altitude...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455894/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-ms-related-fatigue-explained-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis
#11
L E van den Akker, H Beckerman, E H Collette, H Knoop, G Bleijenberg, J W Twisk, J Dekker, V de Groot
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) effectively reduces fatigue directly following treatment in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), but little is known about the process of change during and after CBT. DESIGN: Additional analysis of a randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which psychological factors mediate change in fatigue during and after CBT. METHODS: TREFAMS-CBT studied the effectiveness of a 16-week CBT treatment for MS-related fatigue...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455760/developing-a-partnership-for-change-the-national-collaborative-on-childhood-obesity-research
#12
The Writing Group For The National Collaborative On Childhood Obesity Research Nccor
Rising obesity rates in the U.S. over the past several decades, particularly among children and adolescents, led to an increased focus on research addressing obesity prevention and public- and private-sector initiatives on healthy eating and physical activity. Groups conducting prevention initiatives recognized that their ability to achieve and sustain cross-sector environmental, policy, and systems-level solutions was hampered by limited evidence in those areas. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began to discuss forming a partnership that could accelerate progress to prevent childhood obesity by coordinating research and evaluation agendas and collaboratively building an evidence base...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455460/one-year-longtudinal-study-found-a-bidirectional-relationship-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-disturbance-in-teenage-estonian-girls
#13
L Raudsepp
AIM: Studies have shown that physical activity declines during adolescence, especially among girls. We examined the relationship between changes in physical activity and sleep disturbance over the school year, including any bidirectional relationship between these two factors. METHODS: This longitudinal study focused on teenage girls who had a mean age of 13.2 ±0.2 years at baseline and were drawn from five randomly selected schools in the city of Tartu, Estonia...
February 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455158/american-heart-association-s-life-s-simple-7-at-middle-age-and-prognosis-after-myocardial-infarction-in-later-life
#14
Yejin Mok, Yingying Sang, Shoshana H Ballew, Casey M Rebholz, Wayne D Rosamond, Gerardo Heiss, Aaron R Folsom, Josef Coresh, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association recommends focusing on 7 health factors (Life's Simple 7) for primordial prevention of cardiovascular health. However, whether greater adherence to Life's Simple 7 in midlife improves prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI) in later life is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 1277 participants who developed MI during the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study follow-up, a 14-point score of Life's Simple 7 was constructed according to the status (2 points for ideal, 1 point for intermediate, and 0 points for poor) of each of 7 factors (smoking, adiposity, physical activity, diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose) at baseline (1987-1989)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455058/physical-activity-combined-with-resistance-training-reduces-symptoms-of-frailty-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Koutatsu Nagaia, Toshiaki Miyamato, Akio Okamae, Akira Tamaki, Hiroyuki Fujioka, Yosuke Wada, Yuki Uchiyama, Ken Shinmura, Kazuhisa Domen
INTRODUCTION: Increased physical activity (PA) is a crucial factor in the prevention of physical deterioration, and resistance training (RT) is also a common and effective intervention for older adults. However, the effects of PA as an adjunct to RT on frailty status remains unclear; therefore, we clarified the effect of a PA intervention with feedback, as an adjunct to resistance strength training, on the physical and mental outcomes of frail older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employed a randomized controlled trial...
February 13, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455057/the-impact-of-body-composition-pain-and-resilience-on-physical-activity-physical-function-and-physical-performance-at-2-months-post-hip-fracture
#16
Barbara Resnick, J Richard Hebel, Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Gregory E Hicks, Marc C Hochberg, Denise Orwig, Marty Eastlack, Jay Magaziner
The purpose of this study was to test a model of the factors influencing physical activity, physical function and physical performance at 2 months post hip fracture and compare model fit between men and women. Age, cognitive status, comorbidities, pain, resilience, bone mineral density, total body lean mass, total body fat and grip strength were hypothesized to be directly and/or indirectly related to physical activity, physical function and physical performance. This analysis used data from the seventh Baltimore Hip Studies (BHS-7), a prospective cohort study that included 258 community-dwelling participants, 125 (48%) men and 133 (52%) women, hospitalized for treatment of a hip fracture; survey and objective data were obtained at 2 months post hip fracture...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454804/physiological-predictors-of-leptin-vary-during-menses-and-ovulation-in-healthy-women
#17
Kristyn E Sylvia, Tierney K Lorenz, Julia R Heiman, Gregory E Demas
Although research has shown interactions between the reproductive system and energy homeostasis, it is not clear how environmental or behavioral factors may factor into these associations. Here we aimed to determine how changes in reproductive state (i.e., phase of the menstrual cycle) and other behavioral and physiological factors may influence leptin levels in healthy women, as well as how sexual activity may play a role in leptin modulation. We collected serum and saliva from 32 healthy women and measured leptin, estradiol, and progesterone...
February 14, 2018: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454783/comparison-of-the-diastolic-stress-test-with-a-combined-resting-echocardiography-and-biomarker-approach-to-patients-with-exertional-dyspnea-diagnostic-and-prognostic-implications
#18
Wojciech Kosmala, Monika Przewlocka-Kosmala, Aleksandra Rojek, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to establish the diagnostic and prognostic value of a strategy for prediction of abnormal diastolic response to exercise (AbnDR) using clinical, biochemical, and resting echocardiographic markers in dyspneic patients with mild diastolic dysfunction. BACKGROUND: An AbnDR (increase in left ventricular filling pressure) may indicate heart failure with preserved ejection fraction as the cause of symptoms in dyspneic patients, despite a nonelevated noncardiac at rest...
February 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454678/treatment-of-coenzyme-q10-for-24-weeks-improves-lipid-and-glycemic-profile-in-dyslipidemic-individuals
#19
Peiwen Zhang, Chen Yang, Honghui Guo, Jiaji Wang, Shengqiang Lin, Huamei Li, Yan Yang, Wenhua Ling
BACKGROUND: The use of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) as an adjuvant treatment with routine clinical therapy against metabolic diseases has shown benefit. However, the effect of CoQ10 as a primary preventive agent against cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) has not been well studied. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of CoQ10 on CVD risk factors in dyslipidemic patients. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial, 101 dyslipidemic subjects without taking any hypoglycemic or hypolipidemic drugs were administrated to 120 mg CoQ10 or placebo daily for 24 weeks...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454594/low-magnesium-intake-is-associated-with-increased-knee-pain-in-subjects-with-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#20
Anna Shmagel, Naoko Onizuka, Lisa Langsetmo, Tien Vo, Robert Foley, Kristine Ensrud, Peter Valen
OBJECTIVE: As magnesium mediates bone and muscle metabolism, inflammation, and pain signaling, we aimed to evaluate whether magnesium intake is associated with knee pain and function in radiographic knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: We investigated the associations between knee pain/function metrics and magnesium intake from food and supplements in 2548 Osteoarthritis Initiative cohort participants with prevalent radiographic knee OA (Kellgren-Lawrence score ≥2). Magnesium intake was assessed by Food Frequency Questionnaire at baseline...
February 15, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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