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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#1
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244836/energy-compensation-after-sprint-and-high-intensity-interval-training
#2
Matthew M Schubert, Elyse Palumbo, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain, Holly E Clarke
BACKGROUND: Many individuals lose less weight than expected in response to exercise interventions when considering the increased energy expenditure of exercise (ExEE). This is due to energy compensation in response to ExEE, which may include increases in energy intake (EI) and decreases in non-exercise physical activity (NEPA). We examined the degree of energy compensation in healthy young men and women in response to interval training. METHODS: Data were examined from a prior study in which 24 participants (mean age, BMI, & VO2max = 28 yrs, 27...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243962/reconceptualizing-the-link-between-screen-time-when-gaming-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior
#3
Linda K Kaye, Andrew R Levy
With public health concerns surrounding rates of sedentary behavior (SB), there is often speculation on the role of screen time (in which "computer gaming" is commonly encompassed) as a key contributor to this epidemic. We argue that these assertions are based upon a number of problematic assumptions. Particularly, the notion that screen time necessitates inactivity or SB can be refuted based on the empirical literature. In addition, digital gaming as one so-called problematic screen-time behavior consists of a failed assumption that all games proffer equivalent physical affordances...
December 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243503/women-s-beliefs-about-what-causes-obesity-variation-by-race-ethnicity-and-acculturation-in-a-washington-state-sample
#4
Sarah Knerr, Rachel M Ceballos, Kwun Chuen Gary Chan, Shirley A A Beresford, Deborah J Bowen
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' beliefs about the causes of multifactorial health conditions (causal attributions) shape how they conceptualize and respond to health threats and are therefore important for health promotion. Studies of racial/ethnic and cultural variation in obesity causal beliefs, however, are scarce. To address this gap, this study described beliefs about the underlying causes of obesity (genetic inheritance, diet, and physical activity) in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women participating in a longitudinal cohort study in South King County, Washington State (n = 1,002)...
December 15, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243168/the-views-of-patients-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer-towards-physical-activity-a-qualitative-exploration
#6
G Sheill, E Guinan, L O Neill, D Hevey, J Hussey
PURPOSE: Patients with metastatic cancer can experience debilitating symptoms, which may influence attitudes towards and engagement in physical activity. This study aimed to examine the attitudes of patients living with metastatic prostate cancer towards physical activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were completed with male patients living with metastatic prostate cancer. Interviews included eight questions related to patients' attitudes towards physical activity...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243166/a-hospital-and-home-based-exercise-program-to-address-functional-decline-in-people-following-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
S Abo, D Ritchie, L Denehy, Y Panek-Hudson, L Irving, C L Granger
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to investigate the feasibility of an exercise program commencing 60 days following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), to investigate changes in physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients from pre- to post-alloSCT and to explore changes in patient outcomes before and after the program. METHODS: This study is a single site, prospective case series including 43 adults undergoing alloSCT...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243165/ease-of-walking-associates-with-greater-free-living-physical-activity-and-reduced-depressive-symptomology-in-breast-cancer-survivors-pilot-randomized-trial
#8
Stephen J Carter, Gary R Hunter, Lyse A Norian, Bulent Turan, Laura Q Rogers
PURPOSE: We hypothesized exercise training-induced improvements in ease of walking would associate with favorable changes in objectively measured physical activity (PA) and self-reported depressive symptoms following a PA behavior-change intervention in non-metastatic breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: Twenty-seven BCS received random assignment to an intervention (INT) or control group (CON). INT included counseling/group discussions coupled with supervised exercise tapered to unsupervised exercise...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242921/analysis-of-the-association-between-physical-activity-and-age-related-macular-degeneration
#9
Myra B McGuinness, Julie A Simpson, Robert P Finger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242918/a-nationwide-cohort-study-on-the-association-between-past-physical-activity-and-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-an-east-asian-population
#10
Tyler Hyungtaek Rim, Hong Kyu Kim, Ji Won Kim, Jihei Sara Lee, Dong Wook Kim, Sung Soo Kim
Importance: It has been suggested that physical activity (PA) is associated with reduced risk for early age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Systematic evaluation has been examining the association between lifestyle and neovascular AMD in an East Asian population, with a particular focus on past vigorous PA. Objective: To investigate the association between neovascular AMD and past PA, particularly a history of vigorous exercise, in the overall study population and among 2 a priori-defined subgroups...
December 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242596/total-energy-expenditure-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-are-associated-with-reduced-odds-of-reclassification-among-men-on-active-surveillance
#11
David E Guy, Avi Vandersluis, Laurence H Klotz, Neil Fleshner, Alexander Kiss, Chris Parker, Vasundara Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Research examining the association between physical activity (PA) and prostate cancer (PCa) has accumulated; however, few studies have examined this association in the context of active surveillance. The current study examines this among men initially diagnosed with favorable-risk PCa and managed by active surveillance at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Canada and the Royal Marsden Hospital in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire on daily participation in non-leisure, transport, and recreational PA...
December 14, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242527/correlates-of-overall-and-central-obesity-in-adults-from-seven-european-countries-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#12
Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Alexander Affleck, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, J Alfredo Martinez, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Eileen R Gibney, Marianne C Walsh, Lorraine Brennan, Mike Gibney, George Moschonis, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Christina Mavrogianni, Yannis Manios, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Silvia Kolossa, Hannelore Daniel, Iwona Traczyk, Christian A Drevon, John C Mathers
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of obesity in adults and investigate to what extent these predictors are independent of other major confounding factors. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data collected at baseline from 1441 participants from the Food4Me study conducted in seven European countries were included in this study. A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure dietary intake. Accelerometers were used to assess physical activity levels (PA), whereas participants self-reported their body weight, height and waist circumference via the internet...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242108/a-multi-level-intervention-in-worksites-to-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-access-and-intake-rationale-design-and-methods-of-the-good-to-go-cluster-randomized-trial
#13
Patricia M Risica, Gemma Gorham, Laura Dionne, William Nardi, Doug Ng, Reese Middler, Jennifer Mello, Rahmet Akpolat, Katelyn Gettens, Kim M Gans
BACKGROUND: Fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important contributor to chronic disease prevention. However, most Americans do not eat adequate amounts. The worksite is an advantageous setting to reach large, diverse segments of the population with interventions to increase F&V intake, but research gaps exist. No studies have evaluated the implementation of mobile F&V markets at worksites nor compared the effectiveness of such markets with or without nutrition education. METHODS: This paper describes the protocol for Good to Go (GTG), a cluster randomized trial to evaluate F&V intake change in employees from worksites randomized into three experimental arms: discount, fresh F&V markets (Access Only arm); markets plus educational components including campaigns, cooking demonstrations, videos, newsletters, and a web site (Access Plus arm); and an attention placebo comparison intervention on physical activity and stress reduction (Comparison)...
December 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241943/gender-disparities-in-park-use-and-physical-activity-among-residents-of-high-poverty-neighborhoods-in-los-angeles
#14
Kathryn P Derose, Bing Han, Stephanie Williamson, Deborah A Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity is more prevalent among women than men and is related to poor health outcomes. Neighborhood parks constitute an important resource for physical activity (PA), however, previous studies of park users have found fewer women being physically active. METHODS: We conducted a hierarchical mixed-effect regression analysis of the independent associations between gender and park use and PA among a population-based sample in high-poverty neighborhoods in Los Angeles...
December 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241723/intrapersonal-and-environmental-correlates-of-bicycling-in-u-s-adults
#15
Anna K Porter, Deborah Salvo, Adriana Pérez, Belinda Reininger, Harold W Kohl
INTRODUCTION: Bicycling is a health-promoting physical activity, but little is known about the factors that influence this behavior in the U.S. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to identify multilevel ecologic correlates of bicycling behaviors in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: This analysis, conducted in 2016-2017, utilized data from the 2012 National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors (n=7,509; N=246,155,593)...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241667/correlates-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#16
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241427/risk-factor-knowledge-perceived-threat-and-protective-health-behaviors-implications-for-type-2-diabetes-control-in-rural-communities
#17
Samantha R Paige, Kelly K Bonnar, David R Black, Daniel C Coster
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore how perceived threat of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is shaped by risk factor knowledge and promotes the engagement of protective health behaviors among rural adults. Methods Participants (N = 252) completed a cross-sectional mixed-mode survey. Chi-squared analyses were computed to examine differences in perceived threat by demographic factors and knowledge of T2D risk factors. Logistic regressions were conducted to examine the relationship between T2D perceived threat and engagement in physical activity and health screenings...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241287/-where-and-how-does-yoga-work-a-scientific-overview
#18
Holger Cramer
As a traditional health care system, yoga combines physical activity, breathing techniques and meditation. It is increasingly used as a preventive or therapeutic means. Yoga has been researched in hundreds of randomized controlled trials. Positive effects are especially found for chronic pain conditions, hypertension, depression and in supportive cancer care. While there are case reports of serious adverse events associated with yoga, the risk seems to be extremely low and comparable to other forms of physical activity...
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241213/antibiotics-induced-obesity-a-mitochondrial-perspective
#19
Melisa J Andrade, Chinchu Jayaprakash, Smitha Bhat, Nikolaos Evangelatos, Angela Brand, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment against infections and have contributed immensely to reduce the morbidity and mortality rates. Recently, extensive use of antibiotics has led to alterations of the gut microbiome, predisposition to various diseases and most importantly, increase in the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which poses a major threat to global public health. Another major issue faced worldwide due to unregulated use of antibiotics in children as well as in adults is the influence of metabolism and body weight homeostasis, leading to obesity...
December 15, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241148/obesity-exacerbates-the-acute-metabolic-side-effects-of-olanzapine
#20
Logan K Townsend, Willem T Peppler, Natasha D Bush, David C Wright
Olanzapine is a second-generation antipsychotic used in the management of schizophrenia and various off-label conditions. The acute metabolic responses of olanzapine recapitulate many of the side effects associated with obesity. Obesity rates are high in the schizophrenic population, but it is unknown whether pre-existing obesity-associated metabolic dysfunction augments the acute side effects of olanzapine. To address this question, we compared the responses to olanzapine in lean and high-fat diet-induced (HFD) obese mice...
December 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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