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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679620/longitudinal-association-between-periodontitis-and-development-of-diabetes-running-title-periodontitis-and-diabetes-development
#1
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Bruce A Dye, Brian G Leroux, Margarita Ramírez-Vick, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have shown very modest short-term improvements in glycemic control among participants with diabetes after periodontitis treatment. Few longitudinal studies suggest that periodontitis may be related to prediabetes/diabetes risk. METHODS: We evaluated 1,206 diabetes free participants in the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (SOALS) and 941 with complete 3-year follow-up data were included. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) methods were used to assess periodontitis...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679164/the-effect-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-well-being-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial-with-children-of-low-socio-economic-status
#2
Stephen Shannon, Deirdre Brennan, Donncha Hanna, Zoe Younger, Jessica Hassan, Gavin Breslin
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) has been used to predict children's physical activity and well-being. However, few school-based SDT intervention studies have been conducted, and no research exists with children of low socio-economic status (SES). Therefore, SDT-derived needs-supportive teaching techniques informed the design and analyses of the Healthy Choices Programme (HCP). The aim was to determine if the HCP could enhance moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and well-being among children of low SES through increasing autonomy-support, needs satisfaction and intrinsic motivation...
April 20, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679094/depletion-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-2-reduces-brain-serotonin-and-impairs-the-running-induced-neurogenic-response
#3
Friederike Klempin, Valentina Mosienko, Susann Matthes, Daniel C Villela, Mihail Todiras, Josef M Penninger, Michael Bader, Robson A S Santos, Natalia Alenina
Physical exercise induces cell proliferation in the adult hippocampus in rodents. Serotonin (5-HT) and angiotensin (Ang) II are important mediators of the pro-mitotic effect of physical activity. Here, we examine precursor cells in the adult brain of mice lacking angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 2, and explore the effect of an acute running stimulus on neurogenesis. ACE2 metabolizes Ang II to Ang-(1-7) and is essential for the intestinal uptake of tryptophan (Trp), the 5-HT precursor. In ACE2-deficient mice, we observed a decrease in brain 5-HT levels and no increase in the number of BrdU-positive cells following exercise...
April 20, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#4
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678974/physical-activities-and-influencing-factors-among-public-health-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Miao-Ling Lin, Joh-Jong Huang, Hung-Yi Chuang, Hsiu-Min Tsai, Hsiu-Hung Wang
OBJECTIVES: Public health nurses are responsible for promoting and managing the health of community members, and if they do not have enough physical activity or ignore their own health, not only will their own health decline but the quality of life of the public will also be affected. This study investigated the physical activity of public health nurses and analysed the effects of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and behavioural intention to engage in physical activity...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678971/exploring-the-use-of-a-gamified-intervention-for-encouraging-physical-activity-in-adolescents-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study-in-northern-ireland
#6
Rekesh Corepal, Paul Best, Roisin O'Neill, Mark A Tully, Mark Edwards, Russell Jago, Sarah J Miller, Frank Kee, Ruth F Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the temporal changes of adolescents' views and experiences of participating in a gamified intervention to encourage physical activity behaviour and associated processes of behaviour change. DESIGN: A qualitative longitudinal design was adopted whereby focus groups were conducted with the same participants in each intervention school (n=3) at four time-points (baseline, end of each of two intervention phases and 1-year follow-up). The framework method was used to thematically analyse the data...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678807/digital-inequalities-in-the-use-of-self-tracking-diet-and-fitness-apps-interview-study-on-the-influence-of-social-economic-and-cultural-factors
#7
Faustine Régnier, Louis Chauvel
BACKGROUND: Digital devices are driving economic and social transformations, but assessing the uses, perceptions, and impact of these new technologies on diet and physical activity remains a major societal challenge. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine under which social, economic, and cultural conditions individuals in France were more likely to be actively invested in the use of self-tracking diet and fitness apps for better health behaviors. METHODS: Existing users of 3 diet and fitness self-tracking apps (Weight Watchers, MyFitnessPal, and sport apps) were recruited from 3 regions of France...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678806/a-novel-algorithm-for-determining-the-contextual-characteristics-of-movement-behaviors-by-combining-accelerometer-features-and-wireless-beacons-development-and-implementation
#8
Daniele Magistro, Salvatore Sessa, Andrew P Kingsnorth, Adam Loveday, Alessandro Simeone, Massimiliano Zecca, Dale W Esliger
BACKGROUND: Unfortunately, global efforts to promote "how much" physical activity people should be undertaking have been largely unsuccessful. Given the difficulty of achieving a sustained lifestyle behavior change, many scientists are reexamining their approaches. One such approach is to focus on understanding the context of the lifestyle behavior (ie, where, when, and with whom) with a view to identifying promising intervention targets. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and implement an innovative algorithm to determine "where" physical activity occurs using proximity sensors coupled with a widely used physical activity monitor...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678604/behavioral-and-familial-predictors-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-adults-aged-20-69-in-yazd-iran-during-2014-2015
#9
Masoud Mirzaei, Mohammad Khajeh, Mohsen Askarishahi, Reyhaneh Azizi
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to assess the behavioral and familial predictors of diabetes mellitus as well as their interaction in the risk of diabetes mellitus type2. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted using the Yazd health study (YaHS) data which was collected in 2013-14. Statistical population of this study consisted of all 9340 individuals aged between 20 and 69 in Yazd City. Logistic regression was used to determine behavioral factors and family history of diabetes and their interaction in the risk of diabetes...
April 11, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678404/longer-sitting-time-and-low-physical-activity-are-closely-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-population-over-50-years-of-age-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-sixth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Sang-Min Park, Ho-Joong Kim, Hyunseok Jeong, Hyoungmin Kim, Bong-Soon Chang, Choon-Ki Lee, Jin S Yeom
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There is increasing evidence supporting an association between sitting time and low back pain (LBP). However, the degree of the association between the total daily sitting time and LBP in the general population is poorly understood. PURPOSE: (1) To analyze the association between the duration of sitting time and LBP, and (2) to examine this association according to the degree of physical activity in population over 50 years of age with a nationally representative sample of Korean adults...
April 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678276/a-feasibility-study-of-a-physiotherapy-led-motivational-programme-to-increase-physical-activity-and-improve-cardiometabolic-risk-in-people-with-major-mental-illness
#11
Alice Waugh, Niall Crumlish, Eric Kelleher, Cuisle Forde, Julie Broderick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678155/a-stepped-wedge-implementation-and-evaluation-of-the-healthy-active-peaceful-playgrounds-for-youth-happy-intervention
#12
Dean Dudley, Wayne Cotton, Louisa Peralta, Matthew Winslade
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity in children is a health priority. The Healthy Active Peaceful Playgrounds for Youth (HAPPY) study aimed to examine a multi-component playground intervention designed to increase the proportion of physical activity during recess and lunch of primary school students. METHODS: The 2016 Australian focused HAPPY Study was a 12-month, metropolitan primary school based intervention, which was evaluated using a stepped wedge design...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678152/variability-and-reliability-study-of-overall-physical-activity-and-activity-intensity-levels-using-24-h-accelerometry-assessed-data
#13
Lina Jaeschke, Astrid Steinbrecher, Stephanie Jeran, Stefan Konigorski, Tobias Pischon
BACKGROUND: 24 h-accelerometry is now used to objectively assess physical activity (PA) in many observational studies like the German National Cohort; however, PA variability, observational time needed to estimate habitual PA, and reliability are unclear. METHODS: We assessed 24 h-PA of 50 participants using triaxial accelerometers (ActiGraph GT3X+) over 2 weeks. Variability of overall PA and different PA intensities (time in inactivity and in low intensity, moderate, vigorous, and very vigorous PA) between days of assessment or days of the week was quantified using linear mixed-effects and random effects models...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678148/knowledge-and-practice-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-lebanon-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Lamis R Karaoui, Mary E Deeb, Layal Nasser, Souheil Hallit
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of Lebanese patients living with diabetes mellitus in regards to their diabetes self- management. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, conducted between January and June 2015, enrolled 207 urban adult patients with diabetes mellitus from community pharmacies while purchasing their diabetes medications. Their knowledge and self-management practices were assessed using a structured anonymous interview survey questionnaire...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678008/assessing-information-needs-for-a-personal-multiple-sclerosis-application
#15
Aleksander Nygård Tonheim, Ankica Babic
This paper presents a prototype of a mobile application for patient self-management within the field of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Five study subjects provided information needs by suggesting functionalities and evaluating three existing MS applications. Prominent functionalities were to collect data about symptoms, physical activities, mood and goals in a form of a mobile diary. Collected data would be visually presented in a graph to support self-management and motivation. A low-fidelity prototype relies in first hand on four selected modules, two Diary modules, one Visualisation module and a Physical activity module...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677973/yorwalk-desiging-a-smartphone-exercise-application-for-people-with-intermittent-claudication
#16
Ahmed Shalan, Abubakar Abdulrahman, Ibrahim Habli, Garry Tew, Andrew Thompson
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a chronic cardiovascular disease. It is highly prevalent in older adults. Mobile Health (mHealth) and Telehealth technologies are considered two central digital solutions for enabling patient-centred care. There is evidence that physical activity apps can improve health outcomes in adults. The aim of this project is to develop a prototype of smart phone app to target patients with PAD, which we named YORwalK, to promote exercise and track changes in walking ability in this population...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677969/consumer-smartwatches-for-collecting-self-report-and-sensor-data-app-design-and-engagement
#17
Anna L Beukenhorst, Jamie C Sergeant, Max A Little, John McBeth, William G Dixon
Longitudinal data from patients' natural environments would benefit chronic disease care, yet most devices cannot collect sensor data alongside patient-reported outcomes. Here we describe Koalap, a consumer cellular smartwatch application that collects patient-reported outcomes alongside physical activity data from various sensors. Additionally, we show preliminary results indicating high engagement of our 26 participants with knee osteoarthritis. Our future work will show whether data collection with consumer smartwatches is feasible in terms of user engagement, acceptability, data quality and consistency...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677630/resting-heart-rate-and-the-incidence-and-progression-of-valvular-calcium-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#18
Kojo Amoakwa, Oluwaseun E Fashanu, Martin Tibuakuu, Di Zhao, Eliseo Guallar, Seamus P Whelton, Wesley T O'Neal, Wendy S Post, Matthew J Budoff, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Left-sided valvular calcification is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Resting heart rate (RHR) may influence valvular calcium progression through shear stress. Whether RHR, an established CVD risk factor, is associated with valvular calcium progression is unknown. We assessed whether RHR predicts incidence and progression of mitral annular calcium (MAC) and aortic valve calcium (AVC) in a community-based cohort free of CVD at baseline...
April 6, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677591/lifestyle-factors-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-incident-case-control-study
#19
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Ingrid van der Mei
OBJECTIVE: Although low sun exposure, low vitamin D, and smoking are established risk factor of multiple sclerosis (MS), there is less evidence on the role of the other lifestyle factors. We examined the association of sun exposure, physical activity, drug abuse, and alcohol intake with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1057 general population controls (7/8/2013-17/2/2015). Logistic regression was used to analyse the data...
March 31, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676665/an-ecological-exploration-of-facilitators-to-participation-in-a-mosque-based-physical-activity-program-for-south-asian-muslim-women
#20
Munira Abdulwasi, Meena Bhardwaj, Yuka Nakamura, Maha Zawi, Jennifer Price, Paula Harvey, Ananya Tina Banerjee
BACKGROUND: This descriptive qualitative study informed by an ecological framework explored factors influencing South Asian Muslim women's decisions to participate in a mosque-based physical activity intervention. METHODS: Individual, face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted in English, Hindi, or Urdu with 12 South Asian Muslim women at their home or mosque in Ontario, Canada. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and managed, sorted, and analyzed for themes through a process of descriptive analysis...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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