keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical+activity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040922/plasticity-induced-by-non-invasive-transcranial-brain-stimulation-a-position-paper
#1
REVIEW
Ying-Zu Huang, Ming-Kue Lu, Andrea Antal, Joseph Classen, Michael Nitsche, Ulf Ziemann, Michael Ridding, Masashi Hamada, Yoshikazu Ugawa, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Antonio Suppa, Walter Paulus, John Rothwell
Several techniques and protocols of non-invasive transcranial brain stimulation (NIBS), including transcranial magnetic and electrical stimuli, have been developed in the past decades. Non-invasive transcranial brain stimulation may modulate cortical excitability outlasting the period of non-invasive transcranial brain stimulation itself from several minutes to more than one hour. Quite a few lines of evidence, including pharmacological, physiological and behavioral studies in humans and animals, suggest that the effects of non-invasive transcranial brain stimulation are produced through effects on synaptic plasticity...
September 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040888/physical-capability-predicts-mortality-in-late-mid-life-as-well-as-in-old-age-findings-from-a-large-british-cohort-study
#2
Victoria L Keevil, Robert Luben, Shabina Hayat, Avan A Sayer, Nicholas J Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw
INTRODUCTION: Low physical capability predicts mortality, perhaps by association with co-morbidity. However, few studies include participants <70years old with lower co-morbidity burdens compared to older adults. We examined relationships between usual walking speed (UWS), timed chair stands speed, grip strength, standing balance and all-cause mortality in 8477 participants aged 48-92years enrolled in the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer-Norfolk study. METHODS: Participants (55...
October 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040716/dietary-carbohydrates-components-of-energy-balance-and-associated-health-outcomes
#3
Harry A Smith, Javier T Gonzalez, Dylan Thompson, James A Betts
The role of dietary carbohydrates in the development of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction has recently been questioned. Within the last decade, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition carried out a comprehensive evaluation of the role of dietary carbohydrates in human health. The current review aims to complement and extend this report by providing specific consideration of the effects of the component parts of energy balance, their interactions, and their culmination on energy storage and health...
October 5, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040623/socio-economic-trajectories-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-older-people-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#4
Silvia Stringhini, Paola Zaninotto, Meena Kumari, Mika Kivimäki, Camille Lassale, G David Batty
Background: Socio-economic status from early life has been linked to cardiovascular disease risk, but the impact of life-course socio-economic trajectories, as well as the mechanisms underlying social inequalities in cardiovascular disease risk, is uncertain. Objectives: We assessed the role of behavioural, psychosocial and physiological (including inflammatory) factors in the association between life-course socio-economic status and cardiovascular disease mortality in older adults...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040574/integrating-children-s-physical-activity-enjoyment-into-public-health-dialogue-united-states
#5
Elizabeth Y Barnett, Paul M Ridker, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Steven L Gortmaker
children, physical activity, public health.
October 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040440/trends-in-lifestyle-among-three-cohorts-of-adults-aged-55-64-years-in-1992-1993-2002-2003-and-2012-2013
#6
Ilse Reinders, Natasja M van Schoor, Dorly J H Deeg, Martijn Huisman, Marjolein Visser
Background: Unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and physical inactivity, are associated with increased morbidity and mortality risk, even in older age. We investigated trends in lifestyle among three cohorts of adults aged 55-64 years from the Netherlands. Methods: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used. This study consisted of three randomly selected samples of men and women. Lifestyle data were collected in 1992/1993 (cohort 1, n = 988), in 2002/2003 (cohort 2, n = 1002) and in 2012/2013 (cohort 3, n = 1023)...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040315/individual-and-environmental-correlates-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-in-dutch-and-belgian-adults
#7
Femke van Nassau, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Jeroen Lakerveld, Hidde P van der Ploeg
As the detrimental health effects of sedentary behaviour are well established, insight into the individual and environmental factors that influence adults' sedentary behaviour is needed. Most studies to date rely on self-reported measures of sedentary time. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine individual and environmental correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in Dutch and Belgian adults. Between March and August 2014, Belgian (n = 133) and Dutch (n = 223) adults, recruited as sub-sample of the SPOTLIGHT survey, wore an ActiGraph accelerometer to provide objectively measured sedentary and moderate to vigorous physical activity time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040301/surveying-predictors-of-late-life-longitudinal-change-in-daily-activity-energy-expenditure
#8
Vincenzo Valiani, Sandrine Sourdet, Dale A Schoeller, Dawn C Mackey, Douglas C Bauer, Nancy W Glynn, Yosuke Yamada, Tamara B Harris, Todd M Manini
BACKGROUND: Total daily energy expenditure (TEE) is composed of resting metabolic rate (RMR), post-prandial thermogenesis and activity energy expenditure (AEE). Higher AEE is strongly associated with lower mortality and physical limitations among older adults, but factors that predict changes in AEE in septu and octogenarians are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with late-life longitudinal change in AEE. DESIGN: Energy expenditure was re-assessed in 83 participants (average age at baseline, 74...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040225/validation-of-a-novel-device-to-measure-and-provide-feedback-on-sedentary-behavior
#9
Jason M R Gill, Nabeha S A Hawari, Douglas J Maxwell, David Louden, Nikos Mourselas, Christopher Bunn, Cindy M Gray, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Kate Hunt, Anne Martin, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie
PURPOSE: Pedometers, which enable self-monitoring of step counts, are effective in facilitating increases in physical activity. Similar devices which provide real-time feedback on sedentary (sitting) behavior are limited. This study aimed to develop and validate a novel device - the SitFIT - which could accurately measure and provide feedback on sedentary behavior and physical activity. METHODS: The SitFIT is a tri-axial accelerometer, developed by PAL Technologies, which is worn in the front trouser pocket...
October 16, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040021/flexible-sigmoidoscopy-and-ct-colonography-screening-patients-experience-with-and-factors-for-undergoing-screening-insight-from-the-proteus-colon-trial
#10
Carlo Senore, Loredana Correale, Daniele Regge, Cesare Hassan, Gabriella Iussich, Marco Silvani, Arrigo Arrigoni, Lia Morra, Nereo Segnan
Purpose To compare the acceptability of computed tomographic (CT) colonography and flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) screening and the factors predicting CT colonographic screening participation, targeting participants in a randomized screening trial. Materials and Methods Eligible individuals aged 58 years (n = 1984) living in Turin, Italy, were randomly assigned to be invited to screening for colorectal cancer with FS or CT colonography. After individuals who had died or moved away (n = 28) were excluded, 264 of 976 (27...
October 17, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039993/physical-activity-pre-and-post-dementia-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#11
Mira Soni, Martin Orrell, Stephan Bandelow, Andrew Steptoe, Snorri Rafnsson, Eleonora d'Orsi, Andre Xavier, Eef Hogervorst
BACKGROUND: To inform public health interventions, further investigation is needed to identify: (1) frequency/intensity of everyday physical activity (PA) needed to reduce dementia risk; (2) whether post-diagnosis reduction in PA is associated with cognitive outcomes in people with dementia. METHODS: Data from 11,391 men and women (aged ≥50) were obtained from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing cohort. Assessments were carried out at baseline (2002-2003) and at biannual follow-ups (2004-2013)...
October 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039976/challenges-and-recommendations-for-the-health-economic-evaluation-of-primary-prevention-programmes-for-dementia
#12
Ron Handels, Anders Wimo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review health-economic evaluations of (hypothetical) intervention programmes for the primary prevention of dementia, and highlight challenges and provide recommendations for future research to estimate its cost-effectiveness. METHODS: We searched the databases PubMed, MODEM, CEA and NHS for publications on the cost-consequence, -effectiveness, -utility or -benefit analysis of (hypothetical) interventions to reduce the risk of developing dementia for persons without dementia, and described the study characteristics...
October 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036936/barriers-and-facilitators-for-health-behavior-change-among-adults-from-multi-problem-households-a-qualitative-study
#13
Gera E Nagelhout, Lette Hogeling, Renate Spruijt, Nathalie Postma, Hein de Vries
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households, as well as to identify ideas for a health promotion program. A qualitative study involving 25 semi-structured interviews was conducted among Dutch adults who received intensive family home care for multi-problem households...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036813/association-between-later-life-lifestyle-factors-and-alzheimer-s-disease-biomarkers-in-non-demented-individuals-a-longitudinal-descriptive-cohort-study
#14
Babette L R Reijs, Stephanie J B Vos, Hilkka Soininen, Jyrki Lötjonen, Juha Koikkalainen, Maria Pikkarainen, Anette Hall, Ritva Vanninen, Yawu Liu, Sanna-Kaisa Herukka, Yvonne Freund-Levi, Giovanni B Frisoni, Lutz Frölich, Flavio Nobili, Marcel Olde Rikkert, Luiza Spiru, Magda Tsolaki, Åsa K Wallin, Philip Scheltens, Frans Verhey, Pieter Jelle Visser
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors have been associated with the risk of dementia, but the association with Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between later life lifestyle factors and AD biomarkers (i.e., amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42) and tau in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and hippocampal volume) in individuals with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In addition, to examine the effect of later life lifestyle factors on developing AD-type dementia in individuals with MCI...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036762/low-intensity-aerobic-exercise-training-inhibition-of-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-in-high-fat-diet-induced-ovariectomized-rats
#15
Hye Jin Kim, Won Jun Lee
PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women are highly susceptible to diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, or skeletal muscle atrophy and many people recognize the need for regular physical activity. Aerobic exercise training is known to improve the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles. This study aimed to investigate the role of low-intensity aerobic exercise training on skeletal muscle protein degradation or synthesis in the plantaris muscles of high-fat-fed ovariectomized rats...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036753/erratum-physical-activity-during-pregnancy-recommendations-and-assessment-tools
#16
Cibele Santini, Thiago Dos Santos Imakawa, Elaine Christine Dantas Moisés
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036666/do-israeli-health-promoting-schools-contribute-to-students-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-habits
#17
Samah Hayek, Riki Tessler, Shiran Bord, Ronit Endevelt, Carmit Satran, Irit Livne, Mohammed Khatib, Yosi Harel-Fisch, Orna Baron-Epel
The Israeli Health Promoting School Network (HPSN) is actively committed to enhancing a healthy lifestyle for the entire school population. This study aimed to explore the contribution of school participation in the HPSN and students' individual characteristics to healthy eating and physical activity habits among Israeli school children aged 10-12 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4166 students in grades 4-6 from 28 schools. The schools were selected from a sample of HPSN affiliated and non-HPSN schools...
October 4, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036424/frailty-and-healthcare-costs-longitudinal-results-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Kai-Uwe Saum, Herbert Matschinger, Hermann Brenner, Bernd Holleczek, Walter E Haefeli, Dirk Heider, Hans-Helmut König
Objective: to investigate how frailty and frailty symptoms affect healthcare costs in older age longitudinally. Methods: data were gathered from a prospective cohort study in Saarland, Germany (two waves with 3-year interval, n = 1,636 aged 57-84 years at baseline). Frailty was assessed by the five Fried frailty criteria. Frailty was defined as having at least three criteria, the presence of 1-2 criteria as 'pre-frail'. Healthcare costs were quantified based on self-reported healthcare use in the sectors of inpatient treatment, outpatient treatment, professional nursing care and informal care as well as the provision of pharmaceuticals, medical supplies and dental prostheses...
September 21, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036332/sensitivity-to-physical-activity-predicts-daily-activity-among-pain-free-older-adults
#19
Leah Miller, Thomas Ohlman, Kelly Marie Naugle
Objective: Prior research indicates that older adults with knee osteoarthritis have increased sensitivity to physical activity (SPA) and respond to physical activities of stable intensity with increases in pain. Whether SPA is present in healthy older adults without chronic pain and predicts functional outcomes remains relatively unexplored. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of SPA in healthy older adults in response to a standardized walking task, and whether SPA was associated with temporal summation of pain, pain-related fear of movement, and functional outcomes...
October 4, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036317/quality-of-local-school-wellness-policies-for-physical-activity-and-resultant-implementation-in-pennsylvania-schools
#20
E Francis, E Hivner, A Hoke, T Ricci, A Watach, J Kraschnewski
Background: In 2006, United States public schools participating in federal school meal programs were required to adopt school wellness policies. The effect of these policies on school nutrition environments is well documented; however, evaluation of physical activity policies has received less investigation. We aimed to evaluate how district wellness policies aligned to practice for physical activity implementation in 40 schools with high obesity rates (>24%). Methods: Wellness policies were evaluated using the validated Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
keyword
keyword
41340
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"