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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933516/costs-of-diabetes-medication-among-male-former-elite-athletes-in-later-life
#1
M K Laine, R Kujala, J G Eriksson, H Kautiainen, S Sarna, U M Kujala
AIMS: Regular physical activity plays a major role, in both prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Less is known whether vigorous physical activity during young adulthood is associated with costs of diabetes medication in later life. The aim of this study is to evaluate this question. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1314 former elite-class athletes and 860 matched controls. The former athletes were divided into three groups based on their active career sport: endurance, mixed and power sports...
December 8, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933450/effects-of-exercise-intervention-in-breast-cancer-patients-is-mobile-health-mhealth-with-pedometer-more-effective-than-conventional-program-using-brochure
#2
Kyeong Eun Uhm, Ji Sung Yoo, Seung Hyun Chung, Jong Doo Lee, Ilkyun Lee, Joong Il Kim, Se Kyung Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Yong Hyun Park, Ji Youl Lee, Ji Hye Hwang
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the effects of mobile health (mHealth) and pedometer with conventional exercise program using a brochure on physical function and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: The study was a prospective, quasi-randomized multicenter trial where 356 patients whose cancer treatment had been terminated were enrolled. All patients were instructed to perform a 12-week regimen of aerobic and resistance exercise. The mHealth group received a pedometer and a newly developed smartphone application to provide information and monitor the prescribed exercises...
December 8, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933428/in-6-to-8-year-old-children-cardiorespiratory-fitness-moderates-the-relationship-between-severity-of-life-events-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#3
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Serge Brand, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Uwe Pühse, Lukas Zahner
PURPOSE: In children, the pathways by which physical activity and fitness are associated with physical and psychological wellbeing are still not fully understood. The present study examines for the first time in young children whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity moderate the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight children (188 girls, 190 boys, M age = 7...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#4
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933267/a-mixed-method-study-of-the-efficacy-of-physical-activity-consultation-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-smoking-cessation-treatment-among-male-smokers-in-malaysia
#5
Yuin Yi Lee, Selina Khoo, Tony Morris, Clare Hanlon, Lei-Hum Wee, Eng Wah Teo, Yuhanis Adnan
BACKGROUND: This study examined the effectiveness of using Physical Activity Consultation (PAC) as an addition to the standard smoking cessation treatment in Malaysia. We explored participants' experiences in terms of physical activity and smoking abstinence with the combined PAC and smoking cessation intervention. METHODS: Walk-in smokers from a local smoking cessation clinic volunteered for the 8-week intervention program, while undergoing standard smoking cessation treatment...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933182/angiopoietin-like-protein-4-and-cardiovascular-function-in-copd
#6
B Waschki, A M Kirsten, O Holz, T Meyer, R Lichtinghagen, K F Rabe, H Magnussen, T Welte, H Watz, S Janciauskiene
INTRODUCTION: The coexistence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is frequent and might be inter-related through inflammation-related processes reflected by specific markers. Here, we studied angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4), an upcoming cardiovascular marker, in stable COPD, and its relationship to cardiovascular function with respect to well-known CVD risk factors. METHODS: In a prospective COPD cohort study, we investigated serum ANGPTL4 levels, vascular status (ankle-brachial index (ABI)) and cardiac function (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)) as well as airflow limitation, objectively measured physical activity, the metabolic syndrome, high-sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) and other CVD risk factors at 2 time points...
2016: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932885/health-behaviors-of-patients-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-influence-on-the-patients-satisfaction-with-life
#7
Anna Rosiek, Tomasz Kornatowski, Natalia Frąckowiak-Maciejewska, Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska, Przemysław Wyżgowski, Krzysztof Leksowski
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) carries with it a number of changes to the patient's lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle, health and preventive behaviors, as well as healthy nutrition habits play a key role in treating T2DM as well as limiting its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was the analysis of the correlation of T2DM patients' health behaviors and their influence on the patients' quality of life. The study was performed on a group of 50 patients from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932873/coherence-between-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Mimi Thyregod, Uffe Bodtger
The beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) in patients with COPD, as well as the methods of their assessment, are well known and described. As objective measures of PA, such as the use of motion sensors, video recordings, exercise capacity testing, and indirect calorimetry, are not easily obtained in the daily clinical life, the reliability of the more accessible self-reported measurements of PA is important. In this review, we systematically identified original studies involving COPD patients and at least one parameter of self-reported and objective exercise testing, and analyzed every article for coherence between the objectively and self-reported measured PA...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932343/influence-of-the-day-care-home-and-neighbourhood-environment-on-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-health-protocol-for-the-playce-observational-study
#9
Hayley Christian, Clover Maitland, Stephanie Enkel, Georgina Trapp, Stewart G Trost, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Leanne Lester, Michael Rosenberg, Stephen R Zubrick
INTRODUCTION: The early years are a critical period in a child's health and development, yet most preschool children fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Outside of the home and neighbourhood, children spend a large proportion of time within early childhood education and care (ECEC) services such as long day care. Research is required to determine how the design of day care outdoor (and indoor) spaces provides opportunities or constraints for physical activity. A significant evidence gap surrounds what objectively measured attributes of the home and neighbourhood environment influence preschoolers' physical activity...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932265/ottawa-panel-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-structured-physical-activity-in-the-management-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Sabrina Cavallo, Lucie Brosseau, Karine Toupin-April, George A Wells, Christine A M Smith, Arlanna G Pugh, Jennifer Stinson, Roanne Thomas, Sara Ahmed, Ciarán M Duffy, Prinon Rahman, Inmaculada C Àlvarez-Gallardo, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Annette Majnemer, Isabelle J Gagnon, Désirée Maltais, Marie-Ève Mathieu, Glen P Kenny, Susan Tupper, Kristi Whitney-Mahoney, Sarah Bigford
OBJECTIVE: To create guidelines focused on the use of structured physical activity (PA) in the management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted using the electronic databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) for all studies related to PA programs for JIA from January 1966 until December 2014, and was updated in May 2015...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#11
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
November 21, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932054/changes-in-physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-risk-of-falling-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#12
Jennifer W Bea, Cynthia A Thomson, Robert B Wallace, Chunyuan Wu, Rebecca A Seguin, Scott B Going, Andrea LaCroix, Charles Eaton, Judith K Ockene, Michael J LaMonte, Rebecca Jackson, W Jerry Mysiw, Jean Wactawski-Wende
Falling significantly affects quality of life, morbidity, and mortality among older adults. We sought to evaluate the prospective association between sedentary time, physical activity, and falling among post-menopausal women aged 50-79 y recruited to the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998 from 40 clinical centers across the United States. Baseline (B) and change in each of the following were evaluated at year 3 (Y3) and year 6 (Y6; baseline n=93,676; Y3 n=76,598; Y6 n=75,428): recreational physical activity (MET-h/wk), sitting, sleeping (min/d), and lean body mass by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (subset N=6,475)...
December 5, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932053/green-and-lean-is-neighborhood-park-and-playground-availability-associated-with-youth-obesity-variations-by-gender-socioeconomic-status-and-race-ethnicity
#13
S Morgan Hughey, Andrew T Kaczynski, Stephanie Child, Justin B Moore, Dwayne Porter, James Hibbert
Parks and park features are important for promoting physical activity and healthy weight, especially for low-income and racial/ethnic minority youth who have disproportionately high obesity rates. This study 1) examined associations between neighborhood park and playground availability and youth obesity, and 2) assessed whether these associations were moderated by youth race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). In 2013, objectively measured height and weight were collected for all 3(rd)-5(th) grade youth (n=13,469) in a southeastern US county to determine body mass index (BMI) percentiles...
December 5, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932016/to-dance-or-not-to-dance-a-comparison-of-balance-physical-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-older-irish-set-dancers-and-age-matched-controls
#14
J Shanahan, L Coman, F Ryan, J Saunders, K O'Sullivan, O Ni Bhriain, A M Clifford
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine if older adults regularly participating in Irish set dancing have superior balance, physical fitness and quality of life compared to age-matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a community-based, observational cross-sectional design. METHODS: Regular set dancers (n = 39) and age-matched controls (n = 33) were recruited. Participants were assessed using the physical activity scale for the elderly (physical activity levels), mini-BESTest (balance) and senior fitness test (battery of functional fitness tests)...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932008/the-relationships-among-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-obesity-and-quitting-behaviours-within-a-cohort-of-smokers-in-california
#15
S E Linke, D R Strong, M G Myers, S D Edland, C R Hofstetter, W K Al-Delaimy
BACKGROUND: Smoking, insufficient physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour (SB) and obesity are leading risk factors for morbidity and premature mortality. Few studies examining the relationship between these behavioural risk factors and quitting behaviours among cohorts of smokers have been published. PURPOSE: The goals of this study are to examine the cross-sectional relationships among behavioural health risk factors (insufficient PA, SB and obesity) and past year quitting behaviours within a sample of smokers...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932006/relationship-between-physical-activity-and-weight-status-in-adults-a-multinomial-hierarchical-analysis
#16
F Martínez, M C Martínez, R Ocaña-Riola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931993/age-period-cohort-analyses-of-obesity-prevalence-in-us-adults
#17
R An, X Xiang
OBJECTIVES: Age-period-cohort analysis is a stream of methodologies that decompose the temporal trends for disease risk into three time scales-age, calendar year (period) and year of birth (cohort). This study conducted age-period-cohort analyses of obesity prevalence in US adults. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. METHODS: We constructed regression models based on anthropometric data from the 1999-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to correct for the self-reported height/weight in the 1984-2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931556/non-physician-health-workers-for-improving-adherence-to-medications-and-healthy-lifestyle-following-acute-coronary-syndrome-24-month-follow-up-study
#18
Krishna Kumar Sharma, Rajeev Gupta, Mukul Mathur, Vishnu Natani, Sailesh Lodha, Sanjeeb Roy, Denis Xavier
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate usefulness of non-physician health workers (NPHW) to improve adherence to medications and lifestyles following acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: We randomized 100 patients at hospital discharge following ACS to NPHW intervention (n=50) or standard care (n=50) in an open label study. NPHW was trained for interventions to improve adherence to medicines - antiplatelets, β-blockers, renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers and statins and healthy lifestyles...
November 2016: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931254/feasibility-of-an-online-intervention-stak-d-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Holly Blake, Helen Quirk, Paul Leighton, Tabitha Randell, James Greening, Boliang Guo, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has important health benefits for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), yet children and their parents face barriers to participation such as lack of self-efficacy or concerns around hypoglycaemia. Multimedia interventions are useful for educating children about their health and demonstrate potential to improve children's health-related self-efficacy, but few paediatric clinics offer web-based resources as part of routine care. The Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes (STAK-D) programme is an online intervention grounded in psychological theory (social cognitive theory) and informed by extensive preliminary research...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#20
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
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