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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641129/moderate-and-vigorous-physical-activity-patterns-among-marijuana-users-results-from-the-2007-2014-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys
#1
Denise C Vidot, Jordan B Bispo, WayWay M Hlaing, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E Messiah
The relationship between marijuana use and recreational physical activity has yet to be explored in the United States. Our aim was to examine this relationship in a population-based sample of 20-to-59-year olds (N=12,618) using 2007-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Marijuana use was categorized as never (reference group), past (previously but not within the last 30-days), and current (>1day in the last 30-days) use. Current users were further categorized based on frequency of use (light, moderate, and heavy users)...
June 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641105/it-s-not-all-fun-and-games-sports-concussions-and-neuroscience
#2
Christopher C Giza, Mayumi L Prins, David A Hovda
Few items grab the public's attention like sports, from extremes of great victory to injury and defeat. No injury currently arouses stronger interest than concussion. Giza et al., discuss how neuroscience can provide balance between physical activity and TBI, and guide thoughtful discourse and policy.
June 21, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641072/overweight-obesity-and-extreme-obesity-among-mississippi-adults-2001-2010-and-2011-2015
#3
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, about 1.5 million adults in Mississippi were overweight or obese. Obesity is associated with increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular problems. We examined trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015. METHODS: We used data from the Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to analyze trends in the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity among adults from 2001 through 2010 and 2011 through 2015...
June 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641040/-drunkorexia-understanding-eating-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-weight-conscious-drinkers-in-a-sample-of-college-students
#4
Amanda H Wilkerson, Christine L Hackman, Sarah E Rush, Stuart L Usdan, Corinne S Smith
OBJECTIVE: Behaviors of weight conscious drinkers (BWCD) include disordered eating, excessive physical activity, and heavy episodic drinking. Considering approximately 25% of college students report BWCD, it is important to investigate what characteristics increase the likelihood of college students engaging in BWCD for both moderate and vigorous physical activity. PARTICIPANTS: 510 college students recruited from a large, public southeastern university. METHODS: Participants completed a cross-sectional survey during the spring 2015 semester...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640907/accelerometer-measured-levels-of-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Rabha Elmesmari, John J Reilly, Anne Martin, James Y Paton
CONTEXT: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) are important for child and adolescent health. OBJECTIVE: To examine habitual levels of accelerometer measured MVPA and ST in children and adolescents with chronic disease, and how these levels compare with healthy peers. METHODS: Data sources: An extensive search was carried out in Medline, Cochrane library, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from 2000-2017. Study selection: Studies with accelerometer-measured MVPA and/or ST (at least 3 days and 6 hours/day to provide estimates of habitual levels) in children 0-19 years of age with chronic diseases but without co-morbidities that would present major impediments to physical activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640773/salivary-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-is-associated-with-exercise-ventilatory-efficiency
#6
Yang Chen, Helene Z Hill, Gudrun Lange, Michael J Falvo
Chen, Y, Hill, HZ, Lange, G, and Falvo, MJ. Salivary mitochondrial DNA copy number is associated with exercise ventilatory efficiency. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 2000-2004, 2017-Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) is an index of mitochondrial content and is responsive to changes in exercise training volume. Therefore, assessment of mtDNAcn may help to optimize exercise prescription and aid in athlete monitoring. Although previous work has assessed mtDNAcn derived from skeletal muscle and blood using invasive approaches, no study has examined salivary mtDNAcn and its relationship with sport performance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637260/associations-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-with-the-risk-and-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-in-a-general-population-a-15-year-follow-up-of-64%C3%A2-027-individuals-in-the-hunt-study
#7
Julie Paulsen, Åsa Askim, Randi Marie Mohus, Arne Mehl, Andrew Dewan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Bjørn O Åsvold
Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and primary prevention should be a priority. Lifestyle factors are of particular interest since they represent a modifiable target. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among participants in the population-based Norwegian HUNT2 Survey, where 64 027 participants were followed from 1995-97 through 2011 by linkage to prospectively recorded information on BSI at local and regional hospitals...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637144/what-information-do-patients-need-following-a-whiplash-injury-the-perspectives-of-patients-and-physiotherapists
#8
Annick Maujean, Joanna Sterling, Michele Sterling
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study were to identify information that individuals with whiplash associated disorders (WAD) need to know in the early stages of recovery and to establish whether there is a difference between what physiotherapists and whiplash-injured patients perceive as important information. METHOD: Forty-one participants were recruited (20 whiplash-injured patients, 21 physiotherapists). Participants were asked to provide five statements to one open-ended question about what they believe is the most important information individuals with WAD need to know in the early stages of recovery...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637134/an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-the-meaning-and-value-of-a-running-walking-program-for-women-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#9
Jennifer Brunet, Stephanie Saunders, Wendy Gifford, Roanne Thomas, Ryan Hamilton
PURPOSE: To generate insights into the personal meaning and value of a running/walking program for women after a diagnosis of breast cancer. METHODS: After completing a 12-week running/walking program with a 5-km training goal, eight women were interviewed and seven participated in a focus group. The interviews and focus group were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Data portrayed the personal benefits and value of the clinic...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637074/-nutrition-in-cancer-effective-in-prevention-and-treatment
#10
Jann Arends
Nutritional effects on cancer occurrence and on treatment outcome in cancer patients may depend on food preferences and on the quantity of foods supplied. However, it has been difficult to reliably show beneficial effects of specific dietary concepts on cancer incidence. On the other hand, obesity as a result of chronic overfeeding has been linked firmly to an increased risk of a number of cancers as well as on cancer recurrence after treatment. Metabolic consequences of obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome may be responsible for inducing and/or promoting cancer growth and should be antagonized by regular moderate physical activity in healthy subjects and in cancer survivors...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636644/longitudinal-changes-in-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-body-mass-index-in-adolescence-migrations-towards-different-weight-cluster
#11
José Devís-Devís, Jorge Lizandra, Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Esther Pérez-Gimeno, Xavier García-Massò, Carmen Peiró-Velert
This study examined longitudinal changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior and body mass index in adolescents, specifically their migrations towards a different weight cluster. A cohort of 755 adolescents participated in a three-year study. A clustering Self-Organized Maps Analysis was performed to visualize changes in subjects' characteristics between the first and second assessment, and how adolescents were grouped. Also a classification tree was used to identify the behavioral characteristics of the groups that changed their weight cluster...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636526/does-health-coaching-grow-capacity-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#12
Suzette Barakat, Kasey Boehmer, Marwan Abdelrahim, Sangwoo Ahn, Abdulrahman A Al-Khateeb, Neri Álvarez Villalobos, Larry Prokop, Patricia J Erwin, Kirsten Fleming, Valentina Serrano, Gabriela Spencer-Bonilla, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Interventions that grow patient capacity to do the work of health care and life are needed to support the health of cancer survivors. Health coaching may grow capacity. This systematic review of health coaching interventions explored coaching's ability to grow capacity of cancer survivors. The authors included randomized trials or quasi-experimental studies comparing coaching to alternative interventions, and adhered to PRISMA reporting guidelines. Data were analyzed using the Theory of Patient Capacity (BREWS: Capacity is affected by factors that influence ability to reframe Biography ["B"], mobilize or recruit Resources ["R"], interact with the Environment of care ["E"], accomplish Work ["W"]), and function Socially ["S"])...
June 21, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636503/effects-of-instructional-physical-activity-courses-on-overall-physical-activity-and-mood-in-university-students
#13
James J Annesi, Kandice J Porter, Grant M Hill, Bernard D Goldfine
PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to assess the association between university-based instructional physical activity (PA) courses and changes in overall PA levels and negative mood and their interrelations. The study also sought to determine the amount of change in PA required to significantly improve mood in course enrollees. METHOD: Participants were university students initially completing PA below the level recommended for health who were either presently enrolled in an elective instructional PA course (treatment group, n = 52, 69% female) or not presently enrolled in such a course (comparison group, n = 32, 69% female)...
June 21, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636490/creating-inclusive-physical-activity-spaces-the-case-of-body-positive-yoga
#14
Andrew C Pickett, George B Cunningham
PURPOSE: Within the modern cultural climate, those in larger bodies face high levels of weight stigma, particularly in sport and physical activity spaces, which serves as a strong barrier to their participation. However, given the strong link between physical activity and general health and well-being for participants, it is important to explore strategies that encourage participation of these individuals. Thus, the current research examined strategies that physical activity instructors use to develop inclusive exercise spaces for all body sizes...
June 21, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#15
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636076/prevalence-and-impact-of-obesity-in-people-with-haemophilia-review-of-literature-and-expert-discussion-around-implementing-weight-management-guidelines
#16
REVIEW
S Kahan, A Cuker, R F Kushner, J Maahs, M Recht, T Wadden, T Willis, S Majumdar, D Ungar, D Cooper
Obesity affects more than 35% of Americans, increasing the risk of more than 200 comorbid conditions, impaired quality of life and premature mortality. This review aimed to summarize literature published over the past 15 years regarding the prevalence and impact of obesity in people with haemophilia (PWH) and to discuss implementing general guidelines for weight management in the context of the haemophilia comprehensive care team. Although few studies have assessed the effects of obesity on haemophilia-specific outcomes, existing evidence indicates an important impact of weight status on lower extremity joint range of motion and functional disability, with potentially important effects on overall quality of life...
June 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636068/parent-child-association-in-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour
#17
Didier Garriguet, Rachel Colley, Tracey Bushnik
BACKGROUND: Parents influence the physical activity and sedentary behaviour of their children. This analysis examines associations between parental role modeling and support and children's physical activity and sedentary behaviour. DATA AND METHODS: The sample consists of 1,328 biological parent-child pairs from the first three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2007 through 2013). Data on physical activity and sedentary behaviour were collected using a questionnaire and by accelerometer...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635971/exercise-among-women-with-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-and-pre-post-test-exploratory-pilot-study
#18
Xiaochen Zhang, Daniel McClean, Emily Ko, Mark A Morgan, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To establish the feasibility and acceptability of completing a higher dose of the planned physical activity volume among women with ovarian cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. 
. DESIGN: A pre-/post-test exercise intervention. All participants were asked to complete 225 minutes per week of physical activity for 26 weeks. Multiple supports were provided, including exercise DVDs, self-reported logs, and an objective physical activity tracker (Fitbit®)...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635909/-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-concurrent-with-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiological-and-clinical-features
#19
A V Budnevsky, E S Ovsyannikov, N B Labzhania
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) still remains a serious public health problem, which is a common cause of disability and death in the able-bodied population. Furthermore, the number of patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) is steadily increasing worldwide. Recently, there is also an increase in the number of patients with COPD concurrent with MS, which is a mutually confounding risk factor for concomitant cardiovascular disease and adversely affects prognosis in these patients. Systemic subclinical inflammation is a common link between COPD and the components of MS...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635546/physical-activity-and-asthma-a-longitudinal-and-multi-country-study
#20
Melissa A Russell, Christer Janson, Francisco Gómez Real, Ane Johannessen, Marie Waatevik, Bryndis Benediktsdóttir, Mathias Holm, Eva Lindberg, Vivi Schlünssen, Wasif Raza, Shyamali C Dharmage, Cecilie Svanes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of physical activity on asthma in middle-aged adults, in one longitudinal analysis, and one multi-centre cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: The Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) is a population-based postal questionnaire cohort study. Physical activity, height and weight were self-reported in Bergen, Norway, at RHINE II (1999-2001) and all centres at RHINE III (2010-2012). A longitudinal analysis of Bergen data investigated the association of baseline physical activity with follow-up asthma, incident asthma and symptoms, using logistic and zero-inflated Poisson regression (n = 1782)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
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