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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909553/increasing-quality-of-life-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-is-there-a-role-for-nutrition
#1
REVIEW
Paulien Vinke, Suzanne M Jansen, Renger F Witkamp, Klaske van Norren
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease primarily affecting the pulmonary vasculature and heart. PAH patients suffer from exercise intolerance and fatigue, negatively affecting their quality of life. This review summarizes current insights in the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying PAH. It zooms in on the potential involvement of nutritional status and micronutrient deficiencies on PAH exercise intolerance and fatigue, also summarizing the potential benefits of exercise and nutritional interventions...
June 16, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909476/the-use-of-ehealth-to-promote-physical-activity-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#2
Ciarán Haberlin, Tom O'Dwyer, David Mockler, Jonathan Moran, Dearbhaile M O'Donnell, Julie Broderick
PURPOSE: Achieving adequate levels of physical activity (PA) and avoiding sedentary behaviour are particularly important in cancer survivors. eHealth, which includes, but is not limited to, the delivery of health information through Internet and mobile technologies, is an emerging concept in healthcare which may present opportunities to improve PA in cancer survivors. The aim of this systematic review was to explore the effects of eHealth in the promotion of PA among cancer survivors...
June 16, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909291/exercise-recovery-increases-skeletal-muscle-h-2-o-2-emission-and-mitochondrial-respiratory-capacity-following-two-weeks-of-limb-immobilization
#3
Chantal A Pileggi, Christopher P Hedges, Randall F D'Souza, Brenan R Durainayagam, James F Markworth, Anthony J R Hickey, Cameron J Mitchell, David Cameron-Smith
Extended periods of skeletal muscle disuse result in muscle atrophy. Following limb immobilization, increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production may contribute to atrophy through increases in skeletal muscle protein degradation. However, the effect of skeletal muscle disuse on mitochondrial ROS production remains unclear. This study investigated the effect of immobilization, followed by two subsequent periods of restored physical activity, on mitochondrial H2 O2 emissions in adult male skeletal muscle...
June 14, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909164/-is-it-possible-to-practice-sports-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#4
Charles Guenancia, Rodrigue Garcia
Why? The potential risks of sport for an ICD recipient include appropriate and inappropriate shocks, device damage and worsening of the underlying cardiopathy. These risks should be compared to the physical and psychological benefits of exercise. Where? Due to different medico-legal contexts and considering the results of recent studies, the new US guidelines are more permissive than the European guidelines regarding sport practice in ICD recipients. Who? The underlying context (structural or electrical cardiopathy, psychological impact) should be assessed before any decision is taken...
June 13, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908859/frailty-and-pre-frailty-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-and-its-association-with-multimorbidity-and-mortality-a-prospective-analysis-of-493-737-uk-biobank-participants
#5
Peter Hanlon, Barbara I Nicholl, Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Duncan Lee, Ross McQueenie, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Frailty is associated with older age and multimorbidity (two or more long-term conditions); however, little is known about its prevalence or effects on mortality in younger populations. This paper aims to examine the association between frailty, multimorbidity, specific long-term conditions, and mortality in a middle-aged and older aged population. METHODS: Data were sourced from the UK Biobank. Frailty phenotype was based on five criteria (weight loss, exhaustion, grip strength, low physical activity, slow walking pace)...
June 13, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908857/midlife-contributors-to-socioeconomic-differences-in-frailty-during-later-life-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Eric J Brunner, Martin J Shipley, Sara Ahmadi-Abhari, Carlos Valencia Hernandez, Jessica G Abell, Archana Singh-Manoux, Ichiro Kawachi, Mika Kivimaki
BACKGROUND: Health inequalities persist into old age. We aimed to investigate risk factors for socioeconomic differences in frailty that could potentially be modified through policy measures. METHODS: In this multi-wave longitudinal cohort study (Whitehall II study), we assessed participants' socioeconomic status, behavioural and biomedical risk factors, and disease status at age 45-55 years, and frailty (defined according to the Fried phenotype) at baseline and at one or more of three clinic visits about 18 years later (mean age 69 years [SD 5·9])...
June 13, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908688/the-effect-of-honey-consumption-compared-with-sucrose-on-lipid-profile-in-young-healthy-subjects-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Hamid Rasad, Mohammad Hassan Entezari, Ehsan Ghadiri, Behzad Mahaki, Naseh Pahlavani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies have demonstrated that honey consumption has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease indicators. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of honey consumption compared with sucrose on lipid profile among young healthy subjects. METHODS: Sixty healthy subjects, aged 18-30 years, were randomly recruited into this double blind randomized trial and assigned into two groups: honey (received 70 g honey per day) and sucrose (received 70 g sucrose per day) groups...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908426/physical-activity-and-sleep-problems-in-38-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Lee Smith, Mats Hallgren, Joseph Firth, Matthew P Herring, Michel Probst, Ai Koyanagi
OBJECTIVE: Although physical activity (PA) is associated with a reduction of a wide range of sleep problems, it remains uncertain whether complying with the international guidelines of 150 min of moderate to vigorous PA per week can reduce sleep problems in adults. This research investigated the relationship between compliance with the PA recommendations of the World Health Organization and sleep problems in 38 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: Cross-sectional, community-based data from the World Health Survey were analyzed...
May 24, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908053/availability-and-quality-of-physical-activity-resources-in-neighborhood-parks-for-pregnant-women-and-women-of-childbearing-age
#9
Sophia S Leggett, Joan M Wesley, Anitha Myla, Pamela McCoy, Nicole Betson
Neighborhood parks help women engage in physical activity (PA). We used the physical activity resources assessment instrument to determine the availability, quality and quantity of physical features, and amenities in 19 neighborhood parks randomly selected from the Jackson, Mississippi, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Madison County averaged the most quality PA features (mean, 13) and quality PA amenities (mean, 25.8), and it averaged the least quality incivilities (mean, 1.6). The total neighborhood parks quality physical activity resources (QPAR) was determined by a composite index QPAR of features, amenities, and incivilities...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907703/objective-sleep-characteristics-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-young-adolescents
#10
Elizabeth M Cespedes Feliciano, Mirja Quante, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Susan Redline, Emily Oken, Elsie M Taveras
: media-1vid110.1542/5778442247001PEDS-VA_2017-4085 Video Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Shorter sleep duration is associated with childhood obesity. Few studies measure sleep quantity and quality objectively or examine cardiometabolic biomarkers other than obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 829 adolescents derived sleep duration, efficiency and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from >5 days of wrist actigraphy recording for >10 hours/day. The main outcome was a metabolic risk score (mean of 5 sex-specific z-scores for waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol scaled inversely, and log-transformed triglycerides and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance), for which higher scores indicate greater metabolic risk...
June 15, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907559/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-and-physical-activity-in-asia-multilevel-study
#11
Ben D Ma, Sai Leung Ng, Tim Schwanen, John Zacharias, Mudi Zhou, Ichiro Kawachi, Guibo Sun
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has long been considered as an important component of a healthy lifestyle. Although many efforts have been made to promote physical activity, there is no effective global intervention for physical activity promotion. Some researchers have suggested that Pokémon GO, a location-based augmented reality game, was associated with a short-term increase in players' physical activity on a global scale, but the details are far from clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to study the relationship between Pokémon GO use and players' physical activity and how the relationship varies across players with different physical activity levels...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907494/what-prevents-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-from-engaging-in-physical-activity-an-examination-of-the-barriers-to-physical-activity
#12
Raeana E Newberry, Derek J Dean, Madison D Sayyah, Vijay A Mittal
BACKGROUND: Exercise has increasingly been proposed as a healthful intervention prior to and after the onset of psychosis. There is some evidence to suggest that youth at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis are less physically active and report more barriers to engaging in exercise; however, there has been relatively limited empirical work documenting this phenomenon, and to date, relationships between physical activity, barriers, and clinical phenomenology have been unclear. METHODS: CHR (N = 51) and healthy control (N = 37) participants completed a structured clinical interview assessing attenuated psychotic symptoms and substance use, and an exercise survey that assessed current exercise practices, perceived physical fitness, and barriers related to engaging in exercise...
June 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907343/dietary-supplement-use-in-a-large-representative-sample-of-the-us-armed-forces
#13
Joseph J Knapik, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement (DS) use is prevalent among the US Armed Forces personnel, but representative cross-service comparisons and characteristics of personnel using DSs are limited. OBJECTIVE: Examine DS use and characteristics associated with use in a representative sample of US Armed Forces personnel (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) using data from the 2011 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A stratified random sample of service members (SMs) was contacted and asked to complete a questionnaire assessing personal characteristics and DS use...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907134/clinical-outcome-and-physical-activity-measured-with-stepwatch-3%C3%A2-activity-monitor-after-minimally-invasive-total-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Steffen Höll, Andreas Blum, Georg Gosheger, Ralf Dieckmann, Corinna Winter, Dieter Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Subjective data and physical examinations of patients after total hip arthroplasty are used to assess the outcome. But regarding the physical activity, no objective data can be delivered by existing scores. The level of activity can be measured objectively by counting gait cycles. The aim of this study was to measure activity levels of patients before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Forty-six patients were included in this prospective study...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907101/cardiovascular-disease-lifestyle-risk-factors-in-people-with-psychosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Doreen Mucheru, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Mark McEvoy, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
BACKGROUND: People with psychosis die on average 25 years earlier than those in the general population, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) contributing to much of the excess mortality. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the relationship between lifestyle risk factors for CVD - poor nutrition, smoking and low physical activity levels - and dyslipidaemia, hypertension and hyperglycaemia while controlling for potential confounders in 1825 people from the Survey of High Impact Psychosis (SHIP) in Australia...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906484/the-contributions-of-diet-genes-and-physical-activity-to-the-etiology-of-obesity-contrary-evidence-and-consilience
#16
REVIEW
Edward Archer, Carl J Lavie, James O Hill
The debate on the relative contributions of presumptive etiologic factors in the development of obesity is becoming increasingly speculative, insular, and partisan. As the global prevalence of obesity continues to rise, the sheer volume of unfounded conjecture threatens to obscure well-established evidence. We posit that the failure to distinguish between causal factors and mere statistical associations engendered the proliferation of misleading and demonstrably false research programs and failed public health initiatives...
June 12, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905646/the-acute-physical-and-cognitive-effects-of-a-classical-workplace-physical-activity-program-versus-a-motor-cognitive-coordination-workplace-program-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#17
Daniel Niederer, Tobias Engeroff, Franziska Wallner, Ulrike Plaumann, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the exercise loads and cognitive effects of a classical workplace program from that for a motor-cognitive coordination workplace intervention. METHODS: Twenty-eight (28) employed adults (women 19, men 9) participated in a motor-cognitive coordination and a classical workplace health promotion exercise intervention. Effects on attention and cognition (trail making test [TMT]) as well as exercise load (heart rate and rates of perceived exhaustion [RPE]) were assessed...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905645/blood-pressure-response-to-interrupting-workplace-sitting-time-with-non-exercise-physical-activity-results-of-a-12-month-cohort-study
#18
Casey Mainsbridge, Kiran Ahuja, Andrew Williams, Marie-Louise Bird, Dean Cooley, Scott John Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the blood pressure (BP) effects of a yearlong e-health solution designed to interrupt prolonged occupational sitting time. METHODS: BP data of 228 desk-based employees (45.1 ± 10.5 years) were analyzed at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. RESULTS: Systolic BP significantly reduced from baseline for the first 9 months (1.0 to 3.4 mmHg; P < 0.01) while diastolic and mean arterial pressure decreased for the full 12-months (4 to 5 mmHg for diastolic pressure and 3...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905494/prescribed-physical-activity-maintenance-following-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-factors-predicting-low-physical-activity
#19
Viveka Dagner, Eva K Clausson, Liselotte Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important to reduce mortality, morbidity and risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. This report evaluates to what extent patients are still physically active following an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme 12-14 months post-myocardial infarction and factors predicting why not. METHODS: Data from the National Quality Registry Swedeheart with post-myocardial infarction patients ( n=368) admitted from July 2012 to November 2014 were collected with outcomes of physical activity after 12-14 months...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905423/answers-on-comments-on-adapted-physical-activity-and-stroke-a-systematic-review
#20
Patrizia Belfiore, Alessandra Miele, Giorgio Liguori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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