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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146456/is-more-always-better-how-different-doses-of-exercise-after-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-affects-the-membrane-properties-of-deep-dorsal-horn-interneurons
#1
M M Rank, M P Galea, R Callister, R J Callister
Interneurons in the deep dorsal horn (DDH) of the spinal cord process somatosensory input, and form an important link between upper and lower motoneurons to subsequently shape motor output. Exercise training after SCI is known to improve functional motor recovery, but little is known about the mechanisms within spinal cord neurons that underlie these improvements. Here we investigate how the properties of DDH interneurons are affected by spinal cord injury (SCI) alone, and SCI in combination with different 'doses' of treadmill exercise training (3, 6, and 9wks)...
November 13, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143590/exercise-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-its-effects-on-function-and-the-brain
#2
Ulrik Dalgas
Exercise therapy is a promising nonpharmacological therapy in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Although exercise training may induce a transient worsening of symptoms in some MS patients, it is generally considered safe and does not increase the risk of relapses. Exercise training can lead to clinically relevant improvements in physical function, but should be considered an adjunct to specific task-based training. Exercise has also shown positive effects on the brain, including improvements in brain volume and cognition...
November 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138050/a-systematic-review-on-the-effect-of-serious-games-and-wearable-technology-used-in-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-traumatic-bone-and-soft-tissue-injuries
#3
REVIEW
Henriëtte A W Meijer, Maurits Graafland, J Carel Goslings, Marlies P Schijven
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects on functional outcomes and treatment adherence of wearable technology and serious games (i.e., interactive computer applications with specific purposes useful in the 'real world') currently applied in physical rehabilitation of patients after traumatic bone and soft tissue injuries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and CINAHL were searched without publication date restrictions for the terms 'wearable', 'serious game', 'videogame' or 'mobile application', and 'rehabilitation', 'exercise therapy' or 'physiotherapy'...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113572/effects-of-an-individual-12-week-community-located-start-to-run-program-on-physical-capacity-walking-fatigue-cognitive-function-brain-volumes-and-structures-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Peter Feys, Lousin Moumdjian, Florian Van Halewyck, Inez Wens, Bert O Eijnde, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Veronica Popescu, Paul Van Asch
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy studies in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) primarily focused on motor outcomes in mid disease stage, while cognitive function and neural correlates were only limitedly addressed. OBJECTIVES: This pragmatic randomized controlled study investigated the effects of a remotely supervised community-located "start-to-run" program on physical and cognitive function, fatigue, quality of life, brain volume, and connectivity. METHOD: In all, 42 pwMS were randomized to either experimental (EXP) or waiting list control (WLC) group...
November 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111830/surgical-and-non-surgical-management-of-malignant-pleural-effusions
#5
Deirdre B Fitzgerald, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Y C Gary Lee
Optimal management of malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is important in the care of patients with advanced cancer. Surgical (especially video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)) and non-surgical strategies are available. Clinicians should be aware of the evidence supporting the use of different modalities to guide treatment choice. Areas covered: This review covers published evidence of the advantages and disadvantages of VATS and non-surgical alternatives for MPE management. Expert commentary: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are needed to define the roles and benefits of VATS as existing literature is often flawed by selection bias...
November 9, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098622/peripheral-vascular-disease-the-beneficial-effect-of-exercise-in-peripheral-vascular-diseases-based-on-clinical-trials
#6
Basant M Elnady, Ayman Saeed
Intermittent claudication (IC) due to peripheral artery diseases (PAD) is one of the disabling disease that can affect quality of life (QOL) and functional status of capacity. It is characterized by cramping pain which develops with exercise and eliminated by rest secondary to decrease blood flow to the muscles. The annual incidence rate is increased with age. Exercise rehabilitation has a great impact in improving the functional capacity and prevent the functional disability. The available evidences from current studies have showed that exercise therapy is considered the primary treatment in PAD, which in consequently improves the QOL...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072016/-clinical-observation-of-heat-sensitive-moxibustion-combined-with-kegel-exercise-therapy-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence
#7
Dan Hu, Peng Deng, Lin Jiao, Jun Xiong, Ding-Yi Xie, Ri-Xin Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of heat-sensitive moxibustion combined with kegel exercise therapy and simple kegel exercise therapy on female stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Forty-five female patients with stress urinary incontinence were randomly divided into a treatment group (n=23) and a control group (n=22). Kegel exercise therapy was applied in the two groups. Heat-sensitive moxibustion was used at Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Ciliao (BL 32) and Shen-shu (BL 23) in the treatment group, once a day for the first 10 times, and once every other day until 5 sessions were given, 10 times as one session...
August 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067082/effectiveness-of-core-stabilization-exercises-and-routine-exercise-therapy-in-management-of-pain-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Muhammad Waseem Akhtar, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gilani
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a frequent problem faced by the majority of people at some point in their lifetime. Exercise therapy has been advocated an effective treatment for chronic low back pain. However, there is lack of consensus on the best exercise treatment and numerous studies are underway. Conclusive studies are lacking especially in this part of the world. Thisstudy was designed to compare the effectiveness of specific stabilization exercises with routine physical therapy exerciseprovided in patients with nonspecific chronic mechanical low back pain...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065895/associations-between-community-based-physiotherapy-for-musculoskeletal-injury-and-health-related-quality-of-life-eq-5d-a-multi-centre-retrospective-analysis
#9
Nick Caplan, H Robson, A Robson, G Barry, G Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Community-based musculoskeletal physiotherapy is used to improve function and health related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of this retrospective, multi-centre observational study was to determine the association between community-based physiotherapy management for musculoskeletal disorders and changes in HRQoL. METHODS: Four thousand one hundred twelve patients' data were included in the study. Patients were included if they received a single period of treatment for a musculoskeletal injury or disorder...
October 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049845/impact-of-the-initial-fitness-level-on-the-effects-of-a-structured-exercise-therapy-during-pediatric-stem-cell-transplantation
#10
Susanne Wallek, Anna Senn-Malashonak, Lutz Vogt, Katharina Schmidt, Peter Bader, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044879/exercise-therapy-for-trismus-secondary-to-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review
#11
Jolanda I Kamstra, Marianne van Leeuwen, Jan L N Roodenburg, Pieter U Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: Effects of exercise therapy for trismus secondary to head and neck cancer have not been reviewed systematically since 2004. METHODS: Four databases were searched. The quality of observational studies and randomized controlled trials was assessed. RESULTS: Two hundred eleven articles were found, 20 studies were included. A large variation in research methodology, stretching techniques, duration of stretch, and repetition of exercises was found...
November 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037640/effect-of-movement-control-and-stabilization-exercises-in-people-with-extension-related-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-pilot-study
#12
Sara Salamat, Saeed Talebian, Hosein Bagheri, Nader Maroufi, Mohammad Jafar Shaterzadeh, Gitta Kalbasi, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Exercise is considered an effective treatment strategy for non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP).background In spite of the wide use of exercise protocols, it is not clear what type of exercise is more effective in decreasing pain, disability and normalizing muscle activation patterns in people with chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of two exercise protocols (stabilization vs movement control) on pain and disability scores and the flexion relaxation ratio (FRR) of lumbar multifidus (LM) and iliocostalis lumbarum pars thoracic (ICLT) in people with extension related non-specific chronic low back pain...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033213/managing-risk-when-treating-the-injured-runner-with-running-retraining-load-management-and-exercise-therapy
#13
EDITORIAL
C J Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030095/postoperative-rehabilitation-following-thumb-base-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Robbert M Wouters, Jonathan Tsehaie, Steven E R Hovius, Burcu Dilek, Ruud W Selles
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of rehabilitation for patients who underwent CMC-1 arthroplasty, with emphasis on early active mobilization. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SELECTION: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and Cochrane were searched for articles written in English that described postoperative regime (including immobilization period/method and/or description of exercises/physical therapy, follow-up ≥six weeks) on CMC-1 arthroplasty. DATA EXTRACTION: The PRISMA statement was used as guidance in this review and methodological quality was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project quality assessment tool...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990152/therapeutic-targets-for-the-multi-system-pathophysiology-of-heart-failure-exercise-training
#15
REVIEW
Erik H Van Iterson, Thomas P Olson
Adult chronic heart failure (HF) is a terminal syndrome. While the HF phenotype is inhomogeneous across the ejection fraction spectrum, exercise intolerance remains a cardinal feature of all HF patients. Impairment of a single organ system cannot independently account for exercise intolerance in HF. Thus, the multi-system integrative pathophysiology of HF leads to challenges in identifying an effective medical therapy aimed at targeting a single mechanism to improve exercise tolerance. This unresolved medical care approach raises a number of points for discussion in this field as it is well-recognized that exercise intolerance is accompanied by increased hospitalizations and mortality across the HF spectrum...
October 9, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988262/playing-the-clarinet-influence-of-body-posture-on-muscle-activity-and-sound-quality
#16
V Ae Baadjou, Mdf van Eijsden-Besseling, Jamcf Verbunt, R A de Bie, Rpj Geers, Rjem Smeets, Ham Seelen
Musculoskeletal complaints are highly prevalent in clarinetists and are related to high arm load while playing. It is hypothesized that postural exercise therapy may be used to adapt muscle activity patterns while playing and thus contribute to better sound quality. The goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between body posture, muscle activity, and sound quality in clarinetists while playing the instrument in two different postures, their habitual sitting posture (control, CO) vs an experimental sitting posture (EXP) based on Mensendieck postural exercise therapy, method Samama...
September 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982730/exercise-therapy-is-a-beneficial-intervention-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-pedro-synthesis
#17
Jasan Dannaway, Cameron C New, Charles H New, Chris G Maher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967357/in-the-spine-or-in-the-brain-recent-advances-in-pain-neuroscience-applied-in-the-intervention-for-low-back-pain
#18
REVIEW
Jo Nijs, Jacqui Clark, Anneleen Malfliet, Kelly Ickmans, Lennard Voogt, Sanneke Don, Hester den Bandt, Dorien Goubert, Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Wim Dankaerts
Conservative, surgical and pharmacological strategies for chronic low back pain (CLBP) management offer at best modest effect sizes in reducing pain and related disability, indicating a need for improvement. Such improvement may be derived from applying contemporary pain neuroscience to the management of CLBP. Current interventions for people with CLBP are often based entirely on a "biomedical" or "psychological" model without consideration of information concerning underlying pain mechanisms and contemporary pain neuroscience...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962919/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-psychological-outcomes-in-paediatric-oncology-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Anna Coughtrey, Amy Millington, Sophie Bennett, Deborah Christie, Rachael Hough, Merina Su, Matthew Constantinou, Roz Shafran
CONTEXT: This review summarises the current randomised controlled trials literature on psychological and physical outcomes of psychosocial interventions in paediatric oncology. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and impact of psychosocial interventions in children with cancer. METHODS: A search of the literature resulted in a total of 12 randomised clinical trials which have evaluated psychosocial interventions in children under 18 years with current and previous diagnoses of cancer...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954574/effects-of-isokinetic-calf-muscle-exercise-program-on-muscle-strength-and-venous-function-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#20
Sabriye Ercan, Cem Çetin, Turhan Yavuz, Hilmi M Demir, Yurdagül B Atalay
Objective The aim of this study was to observe the change of the ankle joint range of motion, the muscle strength values measured with an isokinetic dynamometer, pain scores, quality of life scale, and venous return time in chronic venous insufficiency diagnosed patients by prospective follow-up after 12-week exercise program including isokinetic exercises. Methods The patient group of this study comprised 27 patients (23 female, 4 male) who were diagnosed with chronic venous insufficiency. An exercise program including isokinetic exercise for the calf muscle was given to patients three days per week for 12 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
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