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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102437/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-medical-qigong-and-standard-exercise-therapy-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#1
B L Vanderbyl, M J Mayer, C Nash, A T Tran, T Windholz, T Swanson, G Kasymjanova, R T Jagoe
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer frequently experience anxiety, depression and poor quality of life (QOL), as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue and weakness. Physical exercise has potential to help control these symptoms but the optimal training prescription is still not clear. We performed a study comparing medical Qigong (QG) and standard endurance and strength training (SET) in patients with advanced stage non-small cell lung (NSCLC) and gastrointestinal (GI) cancers...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096079/exercise-therapy-versus-arthroscopic-partial-meniscectomy-for-degenerative-meniscal-tear-in-middle-aged-patients-randomised-controlled-trial-with-two-year-follow-up
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090231/effects-of-ipragliflozin-on-diabetic-nephropathy-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-an-open-label-study
#3
Daisuke Ito, Emi Ikuma-Suwa, Kazuyuki Inoue, Kimie Kaneko, Morifumi Yanagisawa, Kouichi Inukai, Mitsuhiko Noda, Akira Shimada
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are novel agents used to treat type 2 diabetic patients. We investigated the efficacy of the SGLT2 inhibitor ipragliflozin on diabetic nephropathy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A 50 mg dose of ipragliflozin was administered for 24 weeks to 50 patients with type 2 diabetes who were concomitantly managed with diet and exercise therapy alone or antidiabetic medications other than SGLT2 inhibitors...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088380/aquatic-exercise-therapy-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Louise M Carroll, Daniele Volpe, Meg E Morris, Jean Saunders, Amanda M Clifford
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of aquatic exercise therapy on gait variability and disability compared to usual care for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized control trial (RCT). SETTING: A community based hydrotherapy pool in Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty one individuals with PD (Hoehn-Yahr Stages I-III). INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned to either an aquatic exercise therapy group (45 minutes, twice a week for 6 weeks) or a control group that received usual care...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#5
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072795/treatment-outcomes-for-patients-with-failed-back-surgery
#6
Jae Hwan Cho, Jae Hyup Lee, Kwang Sup Song, Jae-Young Hong, Yoon-Suk Joo, Dong-Ho Lee, Chang Ju Hwang, Choon Sung Lee
BACKGROUND: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a frequently encountered disease entity following lumbar spinal surgery. Although many plausible reasons have been investigated, the exact pathophysiology remains unknown. Various medications, reoperations, interventions such as spinal cord stimulation, epidural adhesiolysis or epidural injection, exercise therapy, and psychotherapy have been suggested treatment options. However, the evidence of the clinical outcome for each treatment has not been clearly determined...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066732/conservative-management-of-tendinopathies-around-hip
#7
REVIEW
Antonio Frizziero, Filippo Vittadini, Andrea Pignataro, Giuseppe Gasparre, Carlo Biz, Pietro Ruggieri, Stefano Masiero
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of hip is widely complex and several anatomical structures interact and contribute to its functioning. For position and role, hip and the surrounding tendons, which have their insertion around, are overstressed and often overloaded, especially in athletes. This could lead to the developing of several tendinopathies, among which the differential diagnosis is often complicated. Many conservative treatments are used in clinical practice, while actually, no defined conservative protocol is recommended...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053200/treatment-and-prevention-of-acute-and-recurrent-ankle-sprain-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-with-meta-analysis
#8
Cailbhe Doherty, Chris Bleakley, Eamonn Delahunt, Sinead Holden
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are highly prevalent with high risk of recurrence. Consequently, there are a significant number of research reports examining strategies for treating and preventing acute and recurrent sprains (otherwise known as chronic ankle instability (CAI)), with a coinciding proliferation of review articles summarising these reports. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic overview of the systematic reviews evaluating treatment strategies for acute ankle sprain and CAI...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043708/emerging-roles-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-cardiology
#9
REVIEW
Atsushi Tanaka, Koichi Node
The ultimate goal of treatment in people with diabetes mellitus is to prevent development of cardiovascular (CV) disease, resulting in prolongation of healthy life expectancy. Although impaired glycemic metabolism has a central role in its pathology, a number of studies have demonstrated that remedy for its imbalance cannot necessarily be accomplished as a therapeutic goal. A comprehensive medical approach against multi-factorial pathologies in diabetes, such as insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, in addition to diet and exercise therapy should be rather performed in the routine clinical setting...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034325/skill-training-preferences-and-technology-use-in-persons-with-neck-and-low-back-pain
#10
Jonas Verbrugghe, Mieke Haesen, Ruth Spierings, Kim Willems, Guido Claes, Enzo Olivieri, Karin Coninx, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Neck pain (NP) and low back pain (LBP) are highly prevalent. Exercise therapy helps, but effect sizes and therapy compliance remain low. Client-centred therapy and technology use may play a role to improve therapy outcomes. To offer technology supported rehabilitation matching patient's goals, training preferences for rehabilitation and technology familiarity need to be known. PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) inventory training preferences and motives, (2) evaluate whether these change during rehabilitation, and (3) evaluate familiarity with using technologies, in persons with NP/LBP...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029383/pilot-results-from-a-randomized-trial-in-men-comparing-alpha-adrenergic-antagonist-versus-behavior-and-exercise-for-nocturia-and-sleep
#11
Theodore M Johnson, Camille P Vaughan, Patricia S Goode, Donald L Bliwise, Alayne D Markland, Carrie Huisingh, David T Redden, Gerald McGwin, Rina Eisenstein, Joseph G Ouslander, Muta Issa, Kathryn L Burgio
PURPOSE: Nocturia and sleep problems are common in older adults. We developed and tested a novel intervention, multicomponent behavioral treatment and exercise therapy (M-BET), that may reduce nocturia and improve sleep in men. We compared reductions in nocturia and improvement in sleep in men with M-BET versus an active drug comparator (α-blocker) used alone or in combination (M-BET + α-blocker) METHODS: This randomized, controlled trial was conducted in the ambulatory setting in 2 US Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers in men at least 40 years of age with nocturia (defined as ≥2 nightly episodes)...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017953/-effects-of-exercise-and-sports-on-bone-health-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-women
#12
Naohisa Miyakoshi
Exercise and sports are an important means of improving bone health in pre- and postmenopausal women. Generally accepted strategies to improve bone health in this population aim to minimize age-related bone loss. In terms of physical activity, those forms that feature high-impact or weight-bearing activity appear to exert positive influences on bone health. Results of recent meta-analyses have shown that high-impact exercise significantly improves bone mineral density(BMD)in pre- and postmenopausal women. Studies have also shown that walking as an exercise therapy for more than 6 months exerts significant and positive effects on femoral neck BMD in peri- and postmenopausal women...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004526/exercise-therapy-in-oncology-rehabilitation-in-australia-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Amy M Dennett, Casey L Peiris, Nora Shields, Delwyn Morgan, Nicholas F Taylor
AIM: Oncology rehabilitation improves outcomes for cancer survivors but little is known about program availability in Australia. The aims of this study were: to describe oncology rehabilitation programs in Australia: determine whether the exercise component of programs is consistent with guidelines: and to explore barriers and facilitators to program implementation. METHODS: A sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study was completed in two phases: (1) a survey of Australian oncology rehabilitation programs; and (2) purposively sampled follow-up semistructured interviews with senior clinicians working in oncology rehabilitation who were involved with exercise prescription...
December 22, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998046/supervised-exercise-therapy-it-does-work-but-how-to-set-up-a-program
#14
David Hageman, Marijn M VAN DEN Houten, Steffie Spruijt, Lindy N Gommans, Marc R Scheltinga, Joep A Teijink
Intermittent claudication (IC) is a manifestation of peripheral arterial disease. IC has a high prevalence in the older population, is closely associated with other expressions of atherosclerotic disease and often co-exists in multimorbid patients. Treatment of IC should address reduction of cardiovascular risk and improvement of functional capacity and health-related quality of life (QoL). As recommended by contemporary international guidelines, the first-line treatment includes supervised exercise therapy (SET)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995604/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
December 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976933/treatment-of-pain-following-cancer-applying-neuro-immunology-in-rehabilitation-practice
#16
Jo Nijs, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Nele Adriaenssens, Mira Meeus, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, Niamh Moloney
AIM: Pain is the second most frequent persistent symptom following cancer treatment. This article aims at explaining how the implementation of contemporary pain neuroscience can benefit rehabilitation for adults following cancer treatment within an evidence-based perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS: First, pain education is an effective but underused strategy for treating cancer related pain. Second, our neuro-immunological understanding of how stress can influence pain highlights the importance of integrating stress management into the rehabilitation approach for patients having cancer-related pain...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965861/exercise-to-prevent-anthrcycline-based-cardio-toxicity-exact-in-individuals-with-breast-or-hematological-cancers-a-feasibility-study-protocol
#17
Melanie R Keats, Scott A Grandy, Nicholas Giacomantonio, David MacDonald, Miroslaw Rajda, Tallal Younis
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines (AC), widely used and effective anticancer agents, are known to induce both acute and chronic declines in cardiovascular health, ranging in severity from asymptomatic, subclinical dysfunction to substantial cardiomyopathy leading to congestive heart failure and death. There is substantial evidence that physical activity, higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, and exercise therapy can help prevent cardiovascular disease. Moreover, animal studies have shown that exercise performed concomitantly with AC treatment may attenuate early cardiac damage that results from AC exposure...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964960/exercise-therapy-may-be-as-effective-as-arthroscopic-partial-meniscectomy-in-treating-degenerative-meniscal-tears-synopsis
#18
Margreth Grotle, Kåre Birger Hagen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964959/exercise-therapy-may-be-as-effective-as-arthroscopic-partial-menisectomy-in-treating-degenerative-meniscal-tears-commentary
#19
Håvard Østerås
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935263/new-glycemic-targets-for-patients-with-diabetes-from-the-japan-diabetes-society
#20
Eiichi Araki, Masakazu Haneda, Masato Kasuga, Takeshi Nishikawa, Tatsuya Kondo, Kohjiro Ueki, Takashi Kadowaki
In the 'Evidence-based Practice Guideline for the Treatment for Diabetes in Japan 2013', a new concept of the glycemic control in patients with diabetes in Japan has been declared from the Japan Diabetes Society. The main objective value of HbA1c was set to <7% from the perspective of preventing microvascular complications. On the other hand, the objective in cases where objectives can be attained by appropriate dietary or exercise therapy, or during pharmacotherapy without the occurrence of side effects such as hypoglycemia was set to <6%, and the objective in cases where intensification of treatment was considered difficult due to side effects such as hypoglycemia or for other reasons was set to <8%...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
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