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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776338/assessment-of-lower-extremity-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-exercise-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Takuo Nomura, Toshihiro Kawae, Hiroaki Kataoka, Yukio Ikeda
The increase in the proportion of elderly people in the population is one of the most remarkable sociodemographic phenomena of the twenty-first century. The number of patients with diabetes is also increasing worldwide with this demographic change. Given these facts, consideration of the problems the general elderly population is facing in the management of diabetes is essential. In this review article, we focus on sarcopenia, which is the decrease in lower extremity muscle mass and muscle strength accompanying aging, describe the relationship between sarcopenia and diabetes, and highlight the specific factors through which diabetes contributes to loss of muscle strength...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752915/increase-in-insulin-secretion-and-decrease-in-muscle-degradation-by-fat-free-milk-intake-are-attenuated-by-physical-exercise
#2
Tetsuo Yamada, Masami Matsuzaki, Akira Tanaka
BACKGROUND: Protein intake, particularly branched chain amino acids (BCAAs), and exercise have opposing actions on insulin secretion, but the same action on protein anabolism. We examined the effects of BCAA-rich fat-free milk intake and/or exercise on levels of insulin secretion and indices related to muscle protein metabolism in order to assess the potency of dietary and exercise therapies against metabolic and locomotive disorders. METHODS: Eight adult female volunteers participated in all four 24 h experiments; control diet intake with or without exercise, and fat-free milk-containing diet intake with or without exercise...
May 9, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750279/erratum-exercise-therapy-and-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-sedentary-workers
#3
D Kelly, F Shorthouse, V Roffi, C Tack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747787/preferred-exercise-modalities-in-patients-with-intermittent-claudication
#4
Amy Elizabeth Harwood, Louise Helen Hitchman, Lee Ingle, Patrick Doherty, Ian Clifford Chetter
Conventional supervised exercise programs (SEPs) for claudicants are traditionally based on time-constrained, group-based structured programs usually at a hospital site. Uptake of an SEP is poor, despite the high-level evidence demonstrating its clinical effectiveness; therefore, alternative forms of exercise programs are needed which are more acceptable to patients. This study aimed to explore a range of exercise modalities to determine patient preferences for exercise delivery on a national level. This was a questionnaire survey to identify and incorporate patient preferences when designing a multicenter nationwide health-service evaluation of patient preference to exercise in the United Kingdom's National Health Service (the PREFER study)...
June 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744822/study-protocol-for-the-initial-choice-of-dpp-4-inhibitor-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-effect-of-linagliptin-on-qol-intel-qol-trial
#5
Tomoya Mita, Toru Hiyoshi, Hidenori Yoshii, Hiroko Chimori, Kazuo Ikeda, Junko Sato, Hirotaka Watada
INTRODUCTION: Consideration of treatment-related quality of life (QOL) is important in diabetes management. However, no studies have compared the influence of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors versus metformin on treatment-related QOL when used as first-line therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study is a prospective, randomized, open-label, multicenter, parallel-group, comparative study. Between June 2016 and December 2017, 44 participants who failed to achieve glycemic control despite diet and exercise therapy were recruited at 14 clinics and randomly allocated to linagliptin or metformin therapy...
May 9, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740568/a-comparison-of-the-acute-effects-of-radial-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-ultrasound-therapy-and-exercise-therapy-in-plantar-fasciitis
#6
Bihter Akınoğlu, Nezire Köse
This study was conducted to compare the acute effects of radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy (r-ESWT), ultrasound (US) therapy and home exercise therapy on pain, fatigue, performance and walking distance in women with plantar fasciitis (PF). Fifty-four female patients diagnosed with PF participated in the study. The patients were randomly divided into 3 groups as r-ESWT and home exercise groups, US and home exercise groups, and only home exercise groups. Patients' pain and fatigue levels were assessed by using a visual analog scale...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735473/exercise-therapy-interventions-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-comparison-of-the-effects-of-dvd-and-website-based-interventions
#7
Yuko Uesugi, Junichiro Koyanagi, Keishi Takagi, Ryota Yamaguchi, Shinya Hayashi, Takashi Nishii
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of developmental hip dysplasia is high in Japan. Exercise therapy has been proven effective to treat certain aspects of hip osteoarthritis. Moreover, therapy provided via digital video discs (DVDs) and websites allows patients to exercise in the comfort of their own homes. However, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of visual instructions in patients with hip disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy administered via DVD and that administered via a website...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730615/how-does-exercise-dose-affect-patients-with-long-term-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-sweden-and-norway-the-swenor-study
#8
Tom Arild Torstensen, Wilhelmus J A Grooten, Håvard Østerås, Annette Heijne, Karin Harms-Ringdahl, Björn Olov Äng
INTRODUCTION: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is characterised by knee pain, disability and degenerative changes, and places a burden on societies all over the world. Exercise therapy is an often-used modality, but there is little evidence of what type of exercise dose is the most effective, indicating a need for controlled studies of the effect of different dosages. Thus, the aim of the study described in this protocol is to evaluate the effects of high-dose versus low-dose medical exercise therapy (MET) in patients with knee OA...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729611/accuracy-of-wearable-physical-activity-trackers-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Robyn M Lamont, Hannah L Daniel, Caitlyn L Payne, Sandra G Brauer
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of the Fitbit Charge HR™ and Garmin vívosmart® HR in measuring steps and reflecting intensity of activity in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Thirty-three people with mild-moderate PD performed six, two-minute indoor walks at their self-selected walking pace, and at target cadences of 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140 beats/min. A 500 m outdoor walk with terrain challenges was also performed...
April 24, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726363/dysphagia-treatment-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-undergoing-radiation-therapy-a-meta-analysis-review
#10
REVIEW
Elissa Greco, Tijana Simic, Jolie Ringash, George Tomlinson, Yoko Inamoto, Rosemary Martino
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy (C/RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) often develop dysphagia. Interventions from speech-language pathologists aim to maintain or improve swallow physiology and function. However, it is unclear which interventions provide the greatest benefit. We performed a systematic review to assess the benefit of exercise therapy on swallow physiology, function, and related quality of life (QOL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We searched 7 electronic databases up to July 12, 2017, for all primary studies of any language or design that included the following: a behavioral swallowing intervention for patients with HNC treated with curative C/RT, a comparison group, and outcomes related to swallow physiology, function, and/or QOL...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718418/the-effectiveness-of-dry-needling-and-exercise-therapy-in-patients-with-dizziness-caused-by-cervical-myofascial-pain-syndrome-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#11
Tugba Aydin, Bahar Dernek, Tülin Sentürk Ege, Ayse Karan, Cihan Aksoy
Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of dry needling therapy combined with exercise and exercise treatment alone for alleviating the dizziness caused by cervical myofascial pain syndrome. Design: This was a prospective randomized clinical study that included 61 women who had dizziness and myofascial trigger points on the neck muscles. The patients were randomized into a dry needling + exercise group (N = 31) and an exercise only group (N = 30)...
April 28, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714190/quantitative-study-of-the-influence-of-swimming-therapy-on-osteoporosis-rat-models-based-on-synchrotron-radiation-computed-tomogaphy
#12
Liya Huang, Jun Xu, Han Guo, Yujie Wang, Jun Zhao, Jianqi Sun
Osteoporosis is a bone disease with a variety of causes, leading to bone pain and fragility to fracture. Major treatment methods include nutrition therapy, exercise therapy, drug therapy and surgical treatment, among which exercise therapy, such as swimming, is the most effective. To investigate the optimal swimming therapy regime for postmenopausal women, the effects of eight weeks of different intensity swimming exercises were studied in rat models. After the swimming program, lumbar vertebrae were dissected from all the rats and scanned by synchrotron radiation computed tomography (SRCT)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710099/effect-of-pain-neuroscience-education-combined-with-cognition-targeted-motor-control-training-on-chronic-spinal-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby De Pauw, Mira Meeus, Nathalie Roussel, Barbara Cagnie, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs
Importance: Effective treatments for chronic spinal pain are essential to reduce the related high personal and socioeconomic costs. Objective: To compare pain neuroscience education combined with cognition-targeted motor control training with current best-evidence physiotherapy for reducing pain and improving functionality, gray matter morphologic features, and pain cognitions in individuals with chronic spinal pain. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted from January 1, 2014, to January 30, 2017, among 120 patients with chronic nonspecific spinal pain in 2 outpatient hospitals with follow-up at 3, 6, and 12 months...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703659/comparison-of-different-electrotherapy-methods-and-exercise-therapy-in-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Sevtap Gunay Ucurum, Derya Ozer Kaya, Yasemin Kayali, Ayhan Askin, Mustafa Agah Tekindal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the effects of different electrotherapy methods and exercise therapy on pain, function and quality of life in shoulder impingement syndrome. METHODS: Eighty-three patients (66 females, 17 males; mean age: 48.2 ± 7.33 years) with shoulder impingement syndrome were selected and 79 of them were randomly allocated into four groups. Group 1 (n = 19, mean age: 47.89 ± 7.12 years) was given hot pack and exercises, Group 2 (n = 20, mean age: 47...
April 24, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700848/non-pharmacological-therapies-for-sleep-disturbances-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
JuHee Lee, Yonji Kim, YieLin Kim
AIM: To determine the effectiveness of non-pharmacological therapies for sleep disturbances in people with Parkinson's disease. BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances, which are common in people with Parkinson's disease, may diminish their quality of life. Non-pharmacological therapies are preferred over pharmacological therapies for improving sleep quality, owing to fewer adverse effects. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of eight databases and hand searching was conducted for papers published between 1 January 1 2000 - 1 January 2016...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695370/effects-of-a-12-week-digital-care-program-for-chronic-knee-pain-on-pain-mobility-and-surgery-risk-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Gabriel Mecklenburg, Peter Smittenaar, Jennifer C Erhart-Hledik, Daniel A Perez, Simon Hunter
BACKGROUND: Chronic knee pain, most commonly caused by knee osteoarthritis, is a prevalent condition which in most cases can be effectively treated through conservative, non-surgical care involving exercise therapy, education, psychosocial support, and weight loss. However, most people living with chronic knee pain do not receive adequate care, leading to unnecessary use of opiates and surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE: Assess the efficacy of a remotely delivered digital care program for chronic knee pain...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688818/serious-gaming-to-support-exercise-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-study
#17
Thomas Matheve, Guido Claes, Enzo Olivieri, Annick Timmermans
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a functional exercise program supported by serious gaming for patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Ten patients with chronic nonspecific LBP and an underlying motor control impairment were recruited. Subjects performed a partially supervised exercise program (36 sessions, 18 weeks) that included 30 minutes of general conditioning and 90 minutes of individually tailored functional motor control exercises (MCEs)...
April 24, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686884/exercise-therapy-patient-education-and-patellar-taping-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-prospective-pilot-study-with-6-months-follow-up
#18
Michael S Rathleff, Camilla R Rathleff, Sinead Holden, Kristian Thorborg, Jens L Olesen
Background: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most common knee condition among adolescents, with a prevalence of 6-7% resulting in reduced function and quality of life. Exercise therapy is recommended for treating PFP, but has only been tested in older adolescents (15-19 years). This pilot study aimed to investigate the adherence to, and clinical effects of, exercise and patient education in young adolescents (12-16 years), with PFP. Methods: Twenty adolescents (16 females) with PFP were recruited from a population-based cohort to undergo a 3-month multimodal intervention...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678893/cost-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-non-specific-neck-pain-and-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Gisela Cristiane Miyamoto, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Cristina Maria Nunes Cabral, Johanna M van Dongen, Maurits W van Tulder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of exercise therapy in the treatment of patients with non-specific neck pain and low back pain. DESIGN: Systematic review of economic evaluations. DATA SOURCES: The search was performed in 5 clinical and 3 economic electronic databases. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: We included economic evaluations performed alongside randomised controlled trials. Differences in costs and effects were pooled in a meta-analysis, if possible, and incremental cost-utility ratios (ICUR) were descriptively analysed...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671490/common-running-injuries-evaluation-and-management
#20
Michael J Arnold, Aaron L Moody
Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with eccentric exercise. Iliotibial band syndrome and patellofemoral pain syndrome are less common than patellar tendinopathy and are treated by strengthening exercises for the core and legs in addition to flexibility exercises. Acute hamstring strains and medial tibial stress syndrome require a period of relative rest, followed by stretching and graded return to activity...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
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