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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648817/tight-binding-inhibition-of-human-monoamine-oxidase-b-by-chromone-analogs-a-kinetic-crystallographic-and-biological-analysis
#1
Joana Reis, Nicola Manzella, Fernando Cagide, Jeanne Mialez-Perez, Eugenio Uriarte, Angelo Parini, Fernanda M Borges, Claudia Binda
Monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) is a validated drug target for Parkinson's disease. Chromone derivatives were identified as novel potent and reversible MAO-B inhibitors and herewith we report on a crystallographic and biochemical analysis to investigate their inhibition mechanism. The crystal structures of human MAO-B in complex with three chromone analogs bearing different substituents on the exocyclic aromatic ring (determined at 1.6-1.8 Å resolution) showed that they all bind in the active site cavity of the protein with the chromone moiety located in front of the FAD cofactor...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512077/imaging-neuroinflammation-quantification-of-astrocytosis-in-a-multitracer-pet-approach
#2
Elena Rodriguez-Vieitez, Agneta Nordberg
The recent progress in the development of in vivo biomarkers is rapidly changing how neurodegenerative diseases are conceptualized and diagnosed, and how clinical trials are designed today. Alzheimer's disease (AD)-the most common neurodegenerative disorder-is characterized by a complex neuropathology involving the deposition of extracellular amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins, accompanied by the activation of glial cells-astrocytes and microglia-and neuroinflammatory responses, leading to neurodegeneration and cognitive dysfunction...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498006/inhibition-of-cyclooxygenase-2-cox-2-initiates-autophagy-and-potentiates-mptp-induced-autophagic-cell-death-of-human-neuroblastoma-cells-sh-sy5y-an-inside-in-the-pathology-of-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Rituraj Niranjan, Kaushal Prasad Mishra, Ashwani Kumar Thakur
Cyclooxygenase-2 or COX-2 has been known to be crucial for Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis; however, its exact role is still not known. We first time report that inhibition of COX-2 promotes 1-methyl-4-phenyl 1,2,3,6 tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced neuronal cell death via induction of autophagic mechanisms. We found that treatment with MPTP induced cell death of neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y in a dose dependent manner. Treatment of MPTP has also upregulated the expressions of autophagic proteins such as LC3, beclin, ATG-5, and p62...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297157/astroglial-responses-to-amyloid-beta-progression-in-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Malin Olsen, Ximena Aguilar, Dag Sehlin, Xiaotian T Fang, Gunnar Antoni, Anna Erlandsson, Stina Syvänen
PURPOSE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition, hyperphosphorylation of tau, and neuroinflammation. Astrocytes, the most abundant glial cell type in the nervous system, respond to neurodegenerative disorders through astrogliosis, i.e., converting to a reactive inflammatory state. The aim of this study was to investigate how in vivo quantification of astrogliosis using positron emission tomography (PET) radioligand deuterium-L-[11 C]deprenyl ([11 C]DED), binding to enzyme monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) which is overexpressed in reactive astrocytes during AD, corresponds to expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and vimentin, i...
January 2, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229003/comparative-binding-properties-of-the-tau-pet-tracers-thk5117-thk5351-pbb3-and-t807-in-postmortem-alzheimer-brains
#5
Laetitia Lemoine, Per-Göran Gillberg, Marie Svedberg, Vladimir Stepanov, Zhisheng Jia, Jinghai Huang, Sangram Nag, He Tian, Bernardino Ghetti, Nobuyuki Okamura, Makoto Higuchi, Christer Halldin, Agneta Nordberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the binding properties of several tau positron emission tomography tracers-THK5117, THK5351, T807 (also known as AV1451; flortaucipir), and PBB3-head to head in the same human brain tissue. METHODS: Binding assays were performed to compare the regional distribution of3 H-THK5117 and3 H-THK5351 in postmortem tissue from three Alzheimer's disease (AD) cases and three control subjects in frontal and temporal cortices as well as in the hippocampus...
December 11, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221756/characterization-of-the-binding-site-for-d-deprenyl-in-human-inflamed-synovial-membrane
#6
Anna Lesniak, Mikko Aarnio, Shanti Diwakarla, Thomas Norberg, Fred Nyberg, Torsten Gordh
AIMS: d-Deprenyl when used as a positron emission tomography tracer visualizes peripheral inflammation. The major aim of the current study was to identify and investigate the properties of the binding target for d-deprenyl in synovial membrane explants from arthritic patients. MAIN METHODS: Thirty patients diagnosed with arthritis or osteoarthritis were enrolled into the study. Homologous and competitive radioligand binding assays utilizing [3 H]d-deprenyl were performed to investigate the biochemical characteristics of the binding site and assess differences in the binding profile in synovial membranes exhibiting varying levels of inflammation...
February 1, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126847/visualization-of-painful-inflammation-in-patients-with-pain-after-traumatic-ankle-sprain-using-11-c-d-deprenyl-pet-ct
#7
Mikko Aarnio, Lieuwe Appel, Mats Fredrikson, Torsten Gordh, Olof Wolf, Jens Sörensen, Måns Thulin, Magnus Peterson, Clas Linnman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Positron emission tomography (PET) with the radioligand [(11)C]-D-deprenyl has shown increased signal at location of pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and chronic whiplash injury. The binding site of [(11)C]-D-deprenyl in peripheral tissues is suggested to be mitochondrial monoamine oxidase in cells engaged in post-traumatic inflammation and tissue repair processes. The association between [(11)C]-D-deprenyl uptake and the transition from acute to chronic pain remain unknown...
November 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081873/dynamic-prediction-for-multiple-repeated-measures-and-event-time-data-an-application-to-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Jue Wang, Sheng Luo, Liang Li
In many clinical trials studying neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple longitudinal outcomes are collected to fully explore the multidimensional impairment caused by this disease. If the outcomes deteriorate rapidly, patients may reach a level of functional disability sufficient to initiate levodopa therapy for ameliorating disease symptoms. An accurate prediction of the time to functional disability is helpful for clinicians to monitor patients' disease progression and make informative medical decisions...
September 2017: Annals of Applied Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050969/a-novel-selective-mao-b-inhibitor-with-neuroprotective-and-anti-parkinsonian-properties
#9
Hugh H Chan, Man Kit Tse, Saravana Kumar, Lang Zhuo
We previously reported that 1,3-bisbenzylimidazolium (DBZIM) bromide was neuroprotective for the dopaminergic system in Parkinson's disease (PD) models of rodent, however the underlying mechanism was unclear. We currently further confirmed that DBZIM ameliorated the Parkinsonian motor deficit and protected the nigrostriatal tract from the neurotoxicity of 1-methyl-4-(2'-methylphenyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (2'-CH3 -MPTP) in C57Bl/6 mice. The dopaminergic degeneration in the substantia nigra par compacta (SNc) and striatum was analyzed by immunohistochemistry while the monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibition effect of DBZIM was determined by enzyme kinetics...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835703/neuroprotective-effects-of-cgp3466b-on-apoptosis-are-modulated-by-protein-l-isoaspartate-d-aspartate-o-methyltransferase-mst1-pathways-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#10
Feng Liang, Ligen Shi, Jingwei Zheng, Sheng Chen, Yangxin Wang, Jianmin Zhang
Neuronal apoptosis chiefly contributes to the cell loss following traumatic brain injury (TBI). CGP3466B is a compound related to the anti-Parkinsonism drug R-(-)-deprenyl. Previous studies have illuminated anti-apoptosis effects of CGP3466B in different cell lines, but the underlying mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. Mammalian sterile 20 (STE20)-like kinase1 (Mst1) is a core component of the Hippo signaling pathway. Protein-L-isoaspartate (D-aspartate) O-methyltransferase (PCMT1) is an enzyme that repairs damaged L-isoaspartyl residues in proteins...
August 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634836/test-retest-reproducibility-of-11-c-l-deprenyl-d2-binding-to-mao-b-in-the-human-brain
#11
Ryosuke Arakawa, Per Stenkrona, Akihiro Takano, Sangram Nag, Rafael S Maior, Christer Halldin
BACKGROUND: [(11)C]-L-deprenyl-D2 is a positron emission tomography (PET) radioligand for measurement of the monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) activity in vivo brain. The estimation of the test-retest reproducibility is important for accurate interpretation of PET studies. RESULTS: We performed two [(11)C]-L-deprenyl-D2 scans for six healthy subjects and evaluated the test-retest variability of this radioligand. MAO-B binding was quantified by two tissue compartment model (2TCM) with three rate constants (K 1, k 2, k 3) using metabolite-corrected plasma radioactivity...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623006/a-longevity-study-with-enhancer-substances-selegiline-bpap-detected-an-unknown-tumor-manifestation-suppressing-regulation-in-rat-brain
#12
J Knoll, K Baghy, S Eckhardt, P Ferdinandy, M Garami, L G Harsing, P Hauser, Z Mervai, T Pocza, Z Schaff, D Schuler, I Miklya
AIMS: First proof to show that (-)-deprenyl/selegiline (DEP), the first selective inhibitor of MAO-B, later identified as the first β-phenylethylamine (PEA)-derived synthetic catecholaminergic activity enhancer (CAE) substance and (2R)-1-(1-benzofuran-2-yl)-N-propylpentane-2-amine (BPAP), the tryptamine-derived presently known most potent, selective, synthetic enhancer substance, are specific markers of unknown enhancer-sensitive brain regulations. MAIN METHODS: Longevity study disclosing the operation of tumor-manifestation-suppressing (TMS) regulation in rat brain...
August 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577058/type-b-and-a-monoamine-oxidase-and-their-inhibitors-regulate-the-gene-expression-of-bcl-2-and-neurotrophic-factors-in-human-glioblastoma-u118mg-cells-different-signal-pathways-for-neuroprotection-by-selegiline-and-rasagiline
#13
Keiko Inaba-Hasegawa, Masayo Shamoto-Nagai, Wakako Maruyama, Makoto Naoi
Type B monoamine oxidase (MAO-B) in glial cells has been considered to be associated with neuronal death in Parkinson's disease. MAO-B inhibitors, rasagiline and selegiline [(-)deprenyl], protect neurons in animal and cellular models of neurodegeneration. However, the role of MAO-B itself in the regulation of cell death processing remains elusive, whereas type A MAO (MAO-A) mediates the induction of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 genes by rasagiline and selegiline. In this paper, the involvement of MAOs in the induction of neuroprotective genes by MAO inhibitors was investigated in human glioblastoma U118MG cells expressing mainly MAO-B...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567124/monitoring-the-level-of-14-c-labelled-selegiline-following-oral-administration
#14
Huba Kalász, Kornélia Tekes, Erzsébet B Faigl, Zita Pöstényi, Eszter Berekméri, Gellért Karvaly, Ernest Adeghate
BACKGROUND: Selegiline [(-)-deprenyl] is widely used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease in humans. OBJECTIVE: Time-dependence of tissue distribution of selegiline following per os administration to rats. METHOD: Oral administration of radiolabeled selegiline to rats resulted in a pattern of tissue distribution similar to that following intraperitoneal injection. Analyses were done using both reversed-phase HPLC and also by counting radioactivity in various body compartments of rats...
2017: Open Medicinal Chemistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450149/free-radical-production-and-antioxidant-status-in-brain-cortex-non-synaptic-mitochondria-and-synaptosomes-at-alcohol-hangover-onset
#15
Analía G Karadayian, Gabriela Malanga, Analía Czerniczyniec, Paulina Lombardi, Juanita Bustamante, Silvia Lores-Arnaiz
Alcohol hangover (AH) is the pathophysiological state after a binge-like drinking. We have previously demonstrated that AH induced bioenergetics impairments in a total fresh mitochondrial fraction in brain cortex and cerebellum. The aim of this work was to determine free radical production and antioxidant systems in non-synaptic mitochondria and synaptosomes in control and hangover animals. Superoxide production was not modified in non-synaptic mitochondria while a 17.5% increase was observed in synaptosomes...
April 24, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374768/cortical-laminar-tau-deposits-and-activated-astrocytes-in-alzheimer-s-disease-visualised-by-3-h-thk5117-and-3-h-deprenyl-autoradiography
#16
Laetitia Lemoine, Laure Saint-Aubert, Inger Nennesmo, Per-Göran Gillberg, Agneta Nordberg
Hyperphosphorylated tau protein deposits and, inflammatory processes are characteristic components of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology. We here aimed to visualize in vitro the distribution of tau deposits and activated astrocytes across the cortical layers in autopsy AD brain tissue using the radiotracers (3)H-THK5117 and (3)H-deprenyl. (3)H-THK5117 and (3)H-deprenyl autoradiographies were carried out on frozen brain sections from three AD patients and one healthy control. (3)H-THK5117 showed a distinct laminar cortical binding similar to (3)H-deprenyl autoradiography, with an extensive binding in the superficial and deep layers of the temporal neocortices, whereas the middle frontal gyrus showed an even binding throughout the layers...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283959/neuroinflammation-in-neurodegenerative-disorders-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Martin Schain, William Charles Kreisl
The potential for positron emission tomography (PET) to detect neuroinflammation in vivo has sparked a remarkable interest in various disciplines of neuroscience. Early PET radioligands, such as [(11)C]PK(R)-11195 for the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) and [(11)C]L-deprenyl for monoamine oxidase B, have been used in studies designed to clarify the role of neuroinflammation in a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. Recent years have witnessed the development of several second-generation PET radioligands for TSPO and radioligands to measure endogenous targets that are active in various stages of the inflammatory cascade, such as cyclooxygenase and arachidonic acid...
March 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034283/in-silico-studies-revealed-multiple-neurological-targets-for-the-antidepressant-molecule-ursolic-acid
#18
Rajeev K Singla, Luciana Scotti, Ashok K Dubey
BACKGROUND: Ursolic acid, a bioactive pentacyclic triterpenoid had been evaluated for its interaction with the neurological targets associated with antidepressant drugs. Current study was to mechanistically analyze the probable site of action for ursolic acid on the target proteins. METHODS: Ursolic acid has been docked with monoamine oxidase isoforms: MAO-A and MAO-B, LeuT (homologue of SERT, NET, DAT) and Human C-terminal CAP1 using GRIP docking methodology. RESULTS: Results revealed its non-selective antidepressant action with strong binding affinity towards LeuT and MAO-A proteins, which was found to be comparable with the reference ligands like chlorgyline, clomipramine, sertraline and deprenyl/selegiline...
November 14, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977122/comparative-analysis-of-the-neurochemical-profile-and-mao-inhibition-properties-of-n-furan-2-ylmethyl-n-methylprop-2-yn-1-amine
#19
Philippe De Deurwaerdère, Claudia Binda, Rémi Corne, Cosima Leone, Aurora Valeri, Massimo Valoti, Rona R Ramsay, Yagamare Fall, José Marco-Contelles
The regulation of brain monoamine levels is paramount for cognitive functions, and the monoamine oxidase (MAO A and B) enzymes play a central role in these processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the procognitive properties exerted by propargylamine N-(furan-2-ylmethyl)-N-methylprop-2-yn-1-amine (F2MPA) are related to changes in monoamine content via MAO inhibition. In vivo microdialysis and ex vivo amine metabolite measurement demonstrated region-specific alterations in monoamine metabolism that differ from both of the classic MAO A and MAO B inhibitors, clorgyline and l-deprenyl, respectively...
December 30, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901472/effects-of-low-and-high-deprenyl-dose-on-antioxidant-enzyme-activities-in-the-adult-rat-brain
#20
Maria Lalkovicova, Frantiska Horvathova, Igor Sulla, Jozef Mihalik, Viera Danielisova
We evaluated the effects of low dose deprenyl (LDD, 0.0025 mg/kg per day) and high dose deprenyl (HDD, 0.25 mg/kg per day) treatment of male Wistar rats for 30 days on the activities of SOD and CAT in the cortex, striatum, and hippocampus. Total SOD and MnSOD activities were increased with LDD (p <0.05) in the cortex (0.74 ± 0.03; 0.31 ± 0.02), striatum (0.75 ± 0.02; 0.27 ± 0.03) and CA1 region of the hippocampus (0.75 ± 0.02; 0.29 ± 0.03) compared to the control (0.53 ± 0.02; 0.15 ± 0.02), but reduced (p <0...
January 2017: General Physiology and Biophysics
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