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Jonathan Lake, Louise Jackson, Claire Hardman
OBJECTIVES: This literature review was designed to examine the role of the arts in medical education. It is distinctive from previous literature reviews in that it focuses specifically on what medical education as a discipline can learn from the arts and does not seek to measure the effectiveness of arts-based educational interventions in students or clinicians. METHODS: A literature search using the terms 'educat*' or 'medic*' and phrases such as 'arts', 'therapy', 'medicine', 'arts therapy', 'professional artistry' and 'nursing/doctoral education' was conducted...
August 2015: Medical Education
Gabriel Laurent, Walid Amara, Jacques Mansourati, Olivier Bizeau, Philippe Couderc, Nicolas Delarche, Stéphane Garrigue, Yves Guyomar, Jean-Sylvain Hermida, Cyrus Moïni, Elena Popescu
BACKGROUND: Much attention is being paid to the education of and provision of medical information to patients, to optimize their understanding and acceptance of their disease. AIMS: To ascertain the impact of educating recent recipients of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) on their perception and acceptance of a home monitoring (HM) system. METHODS: Questionnaire 1, completed one month after ICD implantation, was designed to assess: the quality of patient preparation for HM; patient comprehension of HM; and patient anxiety experienced during its installation...
October 2014: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Nicole R Veronovici, Geraldine C Lasiuk, Gwendolyn R Rempel, Colleen M Norris
BACKGROUND: Nurses have a key role in teaching cardiovascular (CV) surgical patients to manage their post-surgical care after discharge. There is evidence that effective patient teaching contributes to improved quality of life, decreased anxiety and depression and fewer post-CV surgery emergency department visits and hospital readmissions. Despite this, there are no guidelines or standards for how best to educate CV surgical patients for discharge. AIM: To conduct a literature review of published research on discharge education for CV surgical patients to inform guidelines for educating CV surgical patients...
February 2014: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Edaiane Joana Lima Barros, Silvana Sidney Costa Santos, Giovana Calcagno Gomes, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
We aimed to present the educational booklet as a geronto-technological product for caring for ostomized seniors from a complexity perspective. This was accomplished in the second semester of 2007 in a hospital in the south of Brazil. The data were collected through interviews and presented in the form of an educational booklet. The booklet was validated by ostomized seniors and by a nurse who had been working with these elderly patients. The booklet was presented as a geronto-technology able to help ostomized seniors and their families understand the rights of ostomized people; concepts and types of stomas; care of ostomy; and the importance of the family and the support group for care...
June 2012: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Ioanna Tsiouri, Elizabeth Schoen Simmons, Rhea Paul
This study evaluates the effectiveness of an intervention package including a discrete trial program (Rapid Motor Imitation Antecedent Training (Tsiouri and Greer, J Behav Educat 12:185-206, 2003) combined with parent education for eliciting first words in children with ASD who had little or no spoken language. Evaluation of the approach includes specific intervention targets and functional spoken language outcomes (Tager-Flusberg et al., J Speech Lang Hear Res 52:643-652, 2009). Results suggest that RMIA, with parent training, catalyzes development of verbal imitation and production for some children...
July 2012: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Evelyn J S Hovenga
There is a need to establish collaboration alliances or partnerships if we are to provide global Health Informatics educatics education. Agreements need to make provision for the existing diversity between country educational systems as well as variations in funding, legislation and political systems and a number of other issues including intellectual property and copyright. Four virtual University governance models were identified, 1) evolution of existing universities, 2) newly created organisations collectively delivering one type of program eg MBA, 3) a consortium of partners using a common portal and 4) a commercial enterprise...
2004: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Katarina Paulsson, Toni Ivergård, Brian Hunt
Changes in work and the ways in which it is carried out bring a need for upgrading workplace knowledge, skills and competencies. In today's workplaces, and for a number of reasons, workloads are higher than ever and stress is a growing concern (Health Risk Soc. 2(2) (2000) 173; Educat. Psychol. Meas. 61(5) (2001) 866). Increased demand for learning brings a risk that this will be an additional stress factor and thus a risk to health. Our research study is based on the control-demand-support model of Karasek and Theorell (Health Work: Stress, Productivity and the Reconstruction of Working Life, Basic Books/Harper, New York, 1990)...
March 2005: Applied Ergonomics
Mustafa Kaplan, Ahmet Kalkan, Salih Hosoglu, Salih Kuk, Mehmet Ozden, Kutbedtin Demirdag, Aykut Ozdarendeli
Human toxocariasis is commonly seen in places where stray and Toxocara canis-infected dog population is high. There is a strong correlation between frequency of Toxocara infection, life style, and infection risk. Institutionalization of mental retarded patients increases to risk of toxocariasis. In this study, we aimed at investigating the frequency of Toxocara infection among children with mental retardation not requiring institutionalization. The study included 96 cases, who had educatable mental retardation and 85 healthy subjects who comprised the control group...
March 2004: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Janet Hargreaves
Despite a lack of evidence base, reflective practice remains a central feature of education for many professional groups. In addition, current trends in learning, teaching and assessing require a robust alignment between learning outcomes and assessed course work [Active Learning Higher Educat. 2 (2002) 145)]. Varied definitions of what it means to be a 'reflective practitioner' and limited research make it difficult to know how and what to assess [Reflective Practice in Nursing, Blackwell Science]. Assessment of reflective practice frequently requires students to recount narratives about their practice and both formative feedback and assessment criteria make it clear that such narratives must demonstrate the students' application of appropriate and safe professional practice...
April 2004: Nurse Education Today
A Figueiras, I Sastre, J J Gestal-Otero
This paper is a critical review of studies of educational programmes designed to improve prescription practices in ambulatory care. Scientific articles were selected from the following bibliographical indices: MEDLINE, IME, ICYT and ERIC. The searches covered the time period between 1988 and 1997. The search criteria included: primary-care, educat*, prescription* and other related keywords. The inclusion criteria were studies describing educational strategies aimed at general practitioners working in ambulatory settings...
May 2001: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
W E Davis
The interpretation that blacks' tendency to score higher on MMPI clinical scales is due to educational deprivation has been challenged by research in which, when educatation was held constant, race-related differences remained. Racial differences in type of psychopathology have seldom been controlled in part research. After establishing that a grester proportion of black psychiatric patients may receive a schizophrenic diagnosis (Study 1), MMPI protocols of black and white schizophrenic and nonschizophrenic psychiatric patients were obtained...
April 1975: Journal of Personality Assessment
B Mehl
The paper describes the use of techniques of behavior therapy in the education, both at home and in day-core clinics for unschoolable, but group-educatable children. These may be used for the correction of undesirable behavior and the development of certain skills, but cannot be considered to be exclusive means of a normal process of education.
December 1977: Psychiatrie, Neurologie, und Medizinische Psychologie
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