keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tfh

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146547/a-gene-module-associated-with-dysregulated-tcr-signaling-pathways-in-cd4-t-cell-subsets-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Shuji Sumitomo, Yasuo Nagafuchi, Yumi Tsuchida, Haruka Tsuchiya, Mineto Ota, Kazuyoshi Ishigaki, Shinichiro Nakachi, Rika Kato, Keiichi Sakurai, Norio Hanata, Shoko Tateishi, Hiroko Kanda, Akari Suzuki, Yuta Kochi, Keishi Fujio, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
We analyzed the transcriptome of detailed CD4(+) T cell subsets including them after abatacept treatment, and examined the difference among CD4(+) T cell subsets and identified gene sets that are closely associated disease activity and abatacept treatment. Seven CD4(+) T cell subsets (naive, Th1, Th17, Th1/17, nonTh1/17, Tfh and Treg) were sorted from PBMCs taken from 10 RA patients and 10 healthy controls, and three RA patients donated samples before and 6 months after abatacept treatment. Paired-end RNA sequencing was performed using HiSeq 2500...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141217/th1-like-plasmodium-specific-memory-cd4-t-cells-support-humoral-immunity
#2
Ryan A Zander, Rahul Vijay, Angela D Pack, Jenna J Guthmiller, Amy C Graham, Scott E Lindner, Ashley M Vaughan, Stefan H I Kappe, Noah S Butler
Effector T cells exhibiting features of either T helper 1 (Th1) or T follicular helper (Tfh) populations are essential to control experimental Plasmodium infection and are believed to be critical for resistance to clinical malaria. To determine whether Plasmodium-specific Th1- and Tfh-like effector cells generate memory populations that contribute to protection, we developed transgenic parasites that enable high-resolution study of anti-malarial memory CD4 T cells in experimental models. We found that populations of both Th1- and Tfh-like Plasmodium-specific memory CD4 T cells persist...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137933/cd4-t-cell-differentiation-in-chronic-viral-infections-the-tfh-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Laura A Vella, Ramin S Herati, E John Wherry
CD4(+) T cells play a critical role in the response to chronic viral infections during the acute phase and in the partial containment of infections once chronic infection is established. As infection persists, the virus-specific CD4(+) T cell response begins to shift in phenotype. The predominant change described in both mouse and human studies of chronic viral infection is a decrease in detectable T helper type (Th)1 responses. Some Th1 loss is due to decreased proliferative potential and decreased cytokine production in the setting of chronic antigen exposure...
November 11, 2017: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136759/novel-function-of-hydroxychloroquine-down-regulation-of-t-follicular-helper-cells-in-collagen-induced-arthritis
#4
Jiaochan Han, Qingyou Zhou, Xing Li, Juan He, Yanping Han, Hongyu Jie, Yi He, Erwei Sun
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is an immunosuppressive agent widely used in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). T follicular helper (Tfh) cells play a vital role in the pathogenesis of RA. However, whether HCQ suppresses arthritis development through interfering with Tfh cells have never been reported. To address this issue, we investigated the percent of Tfh cells in newly diagnosed RA patients and found that they were up-regulated in peripheral blood. Importantly, in ex vivo experiments of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy volunteers, we proved that the percentage of Tfh cells in PBMCs and purified CD4(+) T cells were decreased after HCQ treatment...
November 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133396/repression-of-mir-31-by-bcl6-stabilizes-the-helper-function-of-human-follicular-helper-t-cells
#5
A Ripamonti, E Provasi, M Lorenzo, M De Simone, V Ranzani, S Vangelisti, S Curti, R J P Bonnal, L Pignataro, S Torretta, J Geginat, G Rossetti, M Pagani, S Abrignani
Follicular helper T cells (TFHs) are a key component of adaptive immune responses as they help antibody production by B cells. Differentiation and function of TFH cells are controlled by the master gene BCL6, but it is largely unclear how this transcription repressor specifies the TFH program. Here we asked whether BCL6 controlled helper function through down-regulation of specific microRNAs (miRNAs). We first assessed miRNA expression in TFH cells and defined a TFH-specific miRNA signature. We report that hsa-miR-31-5p (miR-31) is down-regulated in TFH; we showed that BCL6 suppresses miR-31 expression by binding to its promoter; and we demonstrated that miR-31 inhibits the expression of molecules that control T-helper function, such as CD40L and SAP...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131072/il-21-is-increased-in-nasal-polyposis-and-after-stimulation-with-staphylococcus-aureus-enterotoxin-b
#6
Lien Calus, Lara Derycke, Melissa Dullaers, Thibaut Van Zele, Natalie De Ruyck, Claudina Pérez-Novo, Gabriele Holtappels, Geert De Vos, Bart N Lambrecht, Claus Bachert, Philippe Gevaert
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) is an inflammatory disease associated with lymphoid aggregates and local IgE production related to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins. T-follicular helper cells and their effector cytokine interleukin (IL)-21 play an important role in germinal center proliferation. METHODS: IL-21 was determined on the mRNA level by qPCR in nasal tissue of 3 groups of patients: control (n = 17), chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP; n = 23), and CRSwNP (n = 35)...
November 9, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129452/long-term-humoral-immunity-induced-by-cvc1302-adjuvanted-serotype-o-foot-and-mouth-disease-inactivated-vaccine-correlates-with-promoted-t-follicular-helper-cells-and-thus-germinal-center-responses-in-mice
#7
Luping Du, Jin Chen, Liting Hou, Xiaoming Yu, Qisheng Zheng, Jibo Hou
Long-lasting humoral immunity is one of the necessary criteria for a successful vaccine. In our previous study, it was demonstrated that the immunopotentiator CVC1302 could improve the humoral immunity induced by the foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) killed vaccine (KV) with only one dose. Significantly higher FMDV-specific antibody titers and more persistent antibody responses were observed in pigs receiving CVC1302-adjuvanted KV (KV-CVC1302) than in those inoculated with KV alone. In this study, we show that CVC1302 enhances murine IgG responses to FMDV by promoting a potent T follicular helper cell (TFH) response, which directly controls the magnitude of the germinal center (GC) B cell response...
November 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126363/the-intestinal-absorption-properties-of-flavonoids-in-hippopha%C3%A3-rhamnoides-extracts-by-an-in-situ-single-pass-intestinal-perfusion-model
#8
Lei Xin, Xiao-Hui Liu, Jun Yang, Hong-Yi Shen, Guang Ji, Xiu-Feng Shi, Yan Xie
The purpose of this study was to investigate the absorption properties of isorhamnetin (IS), quercetin (QU), and kaempferol (KA) in total flavones of Hippophaë rhamnoides L. (TFH) by an in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion model. The results indicated that IS, QU, and KA in TFH were absorbed site-dependently, and both enterohepatic circulation and intestinal flora could participate in their absorption processes. The absorption mechanisms of IS, QU, and KA in TFH were involved in both passive diffusion and active transport, and the mediation of efflux transporter multidrug resistance-associated proteins (MRPs) should not be neglected...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111220/pd-1-hi-cxcr5-cd4-tfh-cells-play-defense-in-cancer-and-offense-in-arthritis
#9
Chunyan Gu-Trantien, Karen Willard-Gallo
T follicular helper (TFH) cells are characteristically defined by their CXCR5 positivity and homing to B cell follicles in secondary lymphoid organs (SLO). An expanded subpopulation of functionally comparable and phenotypically similar PD-1(hi)CXCR5(-)CD4(+) T cells were recently identified in breast cancer (BC) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to have beneficial or detrimental roles, respectively, but are they inflammatory tissue effector TFH cells?
October 27, 2017: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109730/t-follicular-helper-cells-and-b-cell-dysfunction-in-aging-and-hiv-1-infection
#10
REVIEW
Suresh Pallikkuth, Lesley de Armas, Stefano Rinaldi, Savita Pahwa
T follicular helper (Tfh) cells are a subset of CD4 T cells that provide critical signals to antigen-primed B cells in germinal centers to undergo proliferation, isotype switching, and somatic hypermutation to generate long-lived plasma cells and memory B cells during an immune response. The quantity and quality of Tfh cells therefore must be tightly controlled to prevent immune dysfunction in the form of autoimmunity and, on the other hand, immune deficiency. Both Tfh and B cell perturbations appear during HIV infection resulting in impaired antibody responses to vaccines such as seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine, also seen in biologic aging...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109300/the-shifted-balance-between-circulating-follicular-regulatory-t-cells-and-follicular-helper-t-cells-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#11
Xinrui Wang, Yonggang Zhu, Manli Zhang, Jie Hou, Hongjuan Wang, Yanfang Jiang, Haifeng Wang, Pujun Gao
B cell immunity participates in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). The immune balance between follicular regulatory T (TFR) cells and follicular helper T (TFH) cells is important in regulating B cell responses. However, the alteration of TFR/TFH balance in UC remains unclear. Peripheral blood from 25 UC patients and 15 healthy controls was examined for the frequencies of circulating TFR, TFH, and regulatory T (Treg) cells by flow cytometry. Levels of serum cytokines were measured using cytometric bead array (CBA)...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103995/ectopic-lymphoid-tissues-support-local-immunoglobulin-production-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps
#12
Jia Song, Hai Wang, Ya-Na Zhang, Ping-Ping Cao, Bo Liao, Zhe-Zheng Wang, Li-Li Shi, Yin Yao, Guan-Ting Zhai, Zhi-Chao Wang, Li-Meng Liu, Ming Zeng, Xiang Lu, Heng Wang, Xiang-Ping Yang, Di Yu, Claus Bachert, Zheng Liu
BACKGROUND: The contribution of ectopic lymphoid tissues (eLTs) to local immunoglobulin (Ig) hyperproduction in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore the cellular basis, formation mechanisms, and function of eLTs in CRSwNP. METHODS: We graded lymphoid aggregations in sinonasal mucosa and histologically studied their structures. The expression of lymphorganogenic factors and molecules required for Ig production was measured using real-time PCR and their localization was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058766/fabrication-and-optimization-of-self-microemulsions-to-improve-the-oral-bioavailability-of-total-flavones-of-hippopha%C3%A3-rhamnoides-l
#13
Ruixue Guo, Xinbo Guo, Xiaodan Hu, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Lin Zhou, Tong Li, Xiong Fu, Rui Hai Liu
The purpose of this work was to improve the oral bioavailability of a poorly soluble functional food ingredient, the total flavones of Hippophaë rhamnoides L. (TFH). A self-microemulsion drug delivery system (SMEDDS) was developed to overcome the problems of poor absorption of TFH in vivo. The optimal SMEDDS significantly enhanced the solubility of TFH up to 530 times compared to that in water. The mean droplet size was 61.76 nm with uniform distribution. And the loaded system was stable at 25 °C for 3 mo with transparent appearance...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055004/stat4-regulates-the-cd8-regulatory-t-cell-t-follicular-helper-cell-axis-and-promotes-atherogenesis-in-insulin-resistant-ldlr-mice
#14
Parésa L Taghavie-Moghadam, Tayab C Waseem, Julian Hattler, Lindsey M Glenn, Anca D Dobrian, Mark H Kaplan, Yi Yang, Roza Nurieva, Jerry L Nadler, Elena V Galkina
The metabolic syndrome and diabetic conditions support atherosclerosis, but the exact mechanisms for accelerated atherogenesis remain unclear. Although the proinflammatory role of STAT4 in atherosclerosis and diet-induced insulin resistance (IR) was recently established, the impact of STAT4 on atherogenesis in conditions of IR is not known. In this study, we generated Stat4(-/-)Ldlr(-/-) mice that were fed a diabetogenic diet with added cholesterol (DDC). DDC-fed Stat4(-/-)Ldlr(-/-) mice demonstrated improved glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and a 36% reduction in atherosclerosis compared with Ldlr(-/-) controls...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054998/interleukin-10-from-cd4-follicular-regulatory-t-cells-promotes-the-germinal-center-response
#15
Brian J Laidlaw, Yisi Lu, Robert A Amezquita, Jason S Weinstein, Jason A Vander Heiden, Namita T Gupta, Steven H Kleinstein, Susan M Kaech, Joe Craft
CD4(+) follicular regulatory T (Tfr) cells suppress B cell responses through modulation of follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and germinal center (GC) development. We found that Tfr cells can also promote the GC response through provision of interleukin-10 (IL-10) after acute infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). Sensing of IL-10 by B cells was necessary for optimal development of the GC response. GC B cells formed in the absence of Treg cell-derived IL-10 displayed an altered dark zone state and decreased expression of the transcription factor Forkhead box protein 1 (FOXO1)...
October 20, 2017: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052380/-action-mechanism-of-total-flavonoids-of-hippophae-rhamnoides-in-treatment-of-myocardial-ischemia-based-on-network-pharmacology
#16
Zhi-Cheng Wei, Dong Tong, Juan Yang, Ke-Hui Zhao, Xian-Li Meng, Yi Zhang
In this study, a network pharmacological screening method was adopted to further study the active ingredients and action mechanism of total flavonoids of Hippophae rhamnoides(TFH) for the treatment of myocardial ischemia. Firstly TCMSP database and PubChem database were searched, and then the data were combined with oral bioavailability and drug analysis to screen flavonoids of H.rhamnoides compounds. Then predictive analysis was conducted for the 7 screened compounds by ChemMapper server.The obtained potential targets were imported into MAS 3...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045906/ctla-4-pd-1-memory-cd4-t-cells-critically-contribute-to-viral-persistence-in-antiretroviral-therapy-suppressed-siv-infected-rhesus-macaques
#17
Colleen S McGary, Claire Deleage, Justin Harper, Luca Micci, Susan P Ribeiro, Sara Paganini, Leticia Kuri-Cervantes, Clarisse Benne, Emily S Ryan, Robert Balderas, Sherrie Jean, Kirk Easley, Vincent Marconi, Guido Silvestri, Jacob D Estes, Rafick-Pierre Sekaly, Mirko Paiardini
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) suppresses viral replication in HIV-infected individuals but does not eliminate the reservoir of latently infected cells. Recent work identified PD-1(+) follicular helper T (Tfh) cells as an important cellular compartment for viral persistence. Here, using ART-treated, SIV-infected rhesus macaques, we show that CTLA-4(+)PD-1(-) memory CD4(+) T cells, which share phenotypic markers with regulatory T cells, were enriched in SIV DNA in blood, lymph nodes (LN), spleen, and gut, and contained replication-competent and infectious virus...
October 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039547/frequency-and-distribution-of-cd4-cxcr5-follicular-b-helper-t%C3%A2-cells-within-involved-tissues-in-igg4%C3%A2-related-ophthalmic-disease
#18
Huimin Yang, Ruili Wei, Qiang Liu, Yongheng Shi, Jin Li
Immonoglobulin G4‑related ophthalmic disease (IgG4‑ROD) is a IgG4‑RD and exhibits two main characteristics: Fibrosis that is not necessarily marked histopathologically; and frequent formation of germinal centers (GCs). Follicular B helper T (Tfh) cells are now recognized as the true helper cells for B cells in antibody responses. In the present study, the profile and distribution of Tfh cells in involved tissues from patients with IgG4‑ROD was compared to those of type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and patients with IgG4‑related lymphadenopathy (IgG4‑RL)...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031579/cd4-cd52-lo-t-cell-expression-contributes-to-the-development-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Masataka Umeda, Tomohiro Koga, Kunihiro Ichinose, Takashi Igawa, Tomohito Sato, Ayuko Takatani, Toshimasa Shimizu, Shoichi Fukui, Ayako Nishino, Yoshiro Horai, Yasuko Hirai, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Naoki Iwamoto, Toshiyuki Aramaki, Mami Tamai, Hideki Nakamura, Kazuo Yamamoto, Norio Abiru, Tomoki Origuchi, Yukitaka Ueki, Atsushi Kawakami
The cell-surface glycoprotein CD52 is widely expressed in lymphocytes. CD4(+)CD52(hi) T cells are functioning suppressor CD4(+)T cells. We investigated the role of the immune regulation of CD4(+)CD52 T cells in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). CD4(+)CD52(lo) T cells were increased in SLE patients, in positive correlation with SLEDAI, anti-ds-DNA antibody, and IgG concentration. Circulating follicular helper-like T cells (Tfh-like cells) were also increased in SLE, in positive correlation with CD4(+)CD52(lo) T cells...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025273/higher-frequencies-of-circulating-icos-il-21-t-follicular-helper-cells-and-plasma-cells-in-patients-with-new-onset-membranous-nephropathy
#20
Zhihui Zhang, Yunpeng Shi, Kunmeng Yang, Rebecca Crew, Haifeng Wang, Yanfang Jiang
BACKGROUND: T follicular helper (TFH) cells and B cells are known to regulate humoral immune responses. This study is aimed at examining the putative contribution of different subsets of circulating of TFH cells and B cells to membranous nephropathy (MN). METHODS: A total of 45 MN patients and 19 healthy controls (HCs) were examined for the number of TFH cells and B cells by flow cytometry. The level of 24-h urinary protein and eGFR were calculated, and the level of serum cytokines was examined...
October 13, 2017: Autoimmunity
keyword
keyword
41311
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"