Read by QxMD icon Read

killer immunoglobulin like receptors and cancer

Wei Wang, Amy K Erbe, Mikayla Gallenberger, KyungMann Kim, Lakeesha Carmichael, Dustin Hess, Eneida A Mendonca, Yiqiang Song, Jacquelyn A Hank, Su-Chun Cheng, Sabina Signoretti, Michael Atkins, Alexander Carlson, Jonathan M Weiss, James Mier, David Panka, David F McDermott, Paul M Sondel
NK cells play a role in many cancer immunotherapies. NK cell activity is tightly regulated by killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and KIR-ligand interactions. Inhibitory KIR-ligands have been identified as HLA molecules, while activating KIR-ligands are largely unknown. Individuals that have not inherited the corresponding KIR-ligand for at least one inhibitory KIR gene are termed the "KIR-ligand missing" genotype, and they are thought to have a subset of NK cells that express inhibitory KIRs for which the corresponding KIR-ligand is missing on autologous tissue, and thus will not be inhibited through KIR-ligand recognition...
September 30, 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Suliman Y Alomar, Afrah Alkhuriji, Paul Trayhyrn, Abdulkarim Alhetheel, Abdullah Al-Jurayyan, Lamjed Mansour
Breast cancer (BC) progression and metastases have been linked to antitumor immunity inefficiency and particularly to natural killer (NK) cells. Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are the most polymorphic receptors of NK cells. Through their interactions with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-C ligands, they modulate NK and T cell actions against target cells. Therefore, we studied the combinatorial effect of KIR genes and their HLA-C ligands on the susceptibility to development of BC in Saudi women...
September 15, 2016: Immunogenetics
Camilla Stephens, Antonia Moreno-Casares, Miguel-Ángel López-Nevot, Miren García-Cortés, Inmaculada Medina-Cáliz, Hacibe Hallal, German Soriano, Eva Roman, Francisco Ruiz-Cabello, Manuel Romero-Gomez, M Isabel Lucena, Raúl J Andrade
Natural killer cells are an integral part of the immune system and represent a large proportion of the lymphocyte population in the liver. The activity of these cells is regulated by various cell surface receptors, such as killer Ig-like receptors (KIR) that bind to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligands on the target cell. The composition of KIR receptors has been suggested to influence the development of specific diseases, in particularly autoimmune diseases, cancer and reproductive diseases. The role played in idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is currently unknown...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Paul J Norman, Jill A Hollenbach, Neda Nemat-Gorgani, Wesley M Marin, Steven J Norberg, Elham Ashouri, Jyothi Jayaraman, Emily E Wroblewski, John Trowsdale, Raja Rajalingam, Jorge R Oksenberg, Jacques Chiaroni, Lisbeth A Guethlein, James A Traherne, Mostafa Ronaghi, Peter Parham
The physiological functions of natural killer (NK) cells in human immunity and reproduction depend upon diverse interactions between killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and their HLA class I ligands: HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C. The genomic regions containing the KIR and HLA class I genes are unlinked, structurally complex, and highly polymorphic. They are also strongly associated with a wide spectrum of diseases, including infections, autoimmune disorders, cancers, and pregnancy disorders, as well as the efficacy of transplantation and other immunotherapies...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Danillo G Augusto
The polymorphism of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) has been associated with several diseases, including infection, autoimmunity and cancer. KIR molecules are a family of receptors expressed on the surface of natural killer cells (NK), frontline defense of innate immunity against microorganisms and neoplastic cells. Some studies have shown conflicting results concerning the role that KIR polymorphism plays in tumor susceptibility, particularly in leukemia and lymphoma. Interestingly, the presence of HLA ligands is sometimes strongly associated with several types of cancer and apparently is not related with their interaction with KIR...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
María V Martínez-Sánchez, Adela Periago, Isabel Legaz, Lourdes Gimeno, Anna Mrowiec, Natividad R Montes-Barqueros, José A Campillo, José M Bolarin, María V Bernardo, María R López-Álvarez, Consuelo González, María C García-Garay, Manuel Muro, Valentin Cabañas-Perianes, Jose L Fuster, Ana M García-Alonso, José M Moraleda, María R Álvarez-Lopez, Alfredo Minguela
Missing self recognition makes cancer sensitive to natural killer cell (NKc) reactivity. However, this model disregards the NKc licensing effect, which highly increases NKc reactivity through interactions of inhibitory killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (iKIR) with their cognate HLA-I ligands. The influence of iKIR/HLA-ligand (HLA-C1/C2) licensing interactions on the susceptibility to and progression of plasma cell (PC) dyscrasias was evaluated in 164 Caucasian patients and 286 controls. Compared to controls, myeloma accumulates KIR2DL1(-)L2(+)L3(-) genotypes (2...
April 2016: Oncoimmunology
Viktoria Varbanova, Elissaveta Naumova, Anastasiya Mihaylova
Natural killer (NK) cells are considered crucial for the elimination of emerging tumor cells. Effector NK-cell functions are controlled by interactions of inhibitory and activating killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) on NK cells with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligands on target cells. KIR and HLA are highly polymorphic genetic systems segregating independently, creating a great diversity in KIR/HLA gene profiles in different individuals. There is an increasing evidence supporting the relevance of KIR and HLA ligand gene background for the occurrence and outcome of certain cancers...
April 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Yaewon Yang, Okjae Lim, Tae Min Kim, Yong-Oon Ahn, Hana Choi, Hyejin Chung, Bokyung Min, Jung Hyun Her, Sung Yoo Cho, Bhumsuk Keam, Se-Hoon Lee, Dong-Wan Kim, Yu Kyeong Hwang, Dae Seog Heo
Natural killer (NK) cells with mismatched killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor-ligand pairs have shown efficacy and been proven safe in treatment of cancer patients. Ex vivo-expanded and highly activated NK cells (MG4101) had been generated under good manufacturing practice conditions, which demonstrated potent anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo in preclinical studies. The current phase I clinical trial was designed to evaluate safety and possible clinical efficacy of repetitive administrations of MG4101 derived from random unrelated healthy donors into patients with malignant lymphoma or advanced, recurrent solid tumors...
March 2016: Cancer Immunology Research
Loredana Ruggeri, Elena Urbani, Pascale André, Antonella Mancusi, Antonella Tosti, Fabiana Topini, Mathieu Bléry, Lucia Animobono, François Romagné, Nicolai Wagtmann, Andrea Velardi
Natural killer cells are key cells of the innate immune system. Natural killer cell receptor repertoires are diversified by a stochastic expression of killer-cell-immunoglobulin-like receptors and lectin-like receptors such as NKG2 receptors. All individuals harbor a subset of natural killer cells expressing NKG2A, the inhibitory checkpoint receptor for HLA-E. Most neoplastic and normal hematopoietic cells express HLA-E, the inhibitory ligand of NKG2A. A novel anti-human NKG2A antibody induced tumor cell death, suggesting that the antibody could be useful in the treatment of cancers expressing HLA-E...
May 2016: Haematologica
Bo Yoon Chang, Seon Beom Kim, Mi Kyeong Lee, Hyun Park, Sung Yeon Kim
Morus alba L. fruits have long been used in traditional medicine by many cultures. Their medicinal attributes include cardiovascular, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective and immunomodulatory actions. However, their mechanism of macrophage activation and anti-cancer effects remain unclear. The present study investigated the molecular mechanisms of immune stimulation and improved chemotherapeutic effect of M. alba L. fruit extract (MFE). MFE stimulated the production of cytokines, nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and tumoricidal properties of macrophages...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
J Zhen, L He, Y Xu, J Zhao, Q Yu, H Zou, G Sun, Z Deng
KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL3 segregate as alleles of the same killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) gene locus. They have been associated with viral infectious diseases and certain cancers and their allelic information may help to better comprehend mechanisms. The allelic polymorphism of KIR2DL2/2DL3 has been shown to influence their binding specificity and affinity to the HLA-C1 ligands. The present study aims to investigate the distribution of the allelic polymorphism of KIR2DL2/2DL3 in a southern Chinese population using sequence-specific primer polymerase chain reaction (PCR-SSP) and PCR-sequence-based typing (SBT) at the entire coding sequence...
November 2015: Tissue Antigens
Suliman Y Al Omar, Lamjed Mansour, Javid Ahmed Dar, Saleh Alwasel, Afrah Alkhuriji, Maha Arafah, Omar Al Obeed, Stephen Christmas
AIMS: We performed an association study to evaluate the contribution of 16 killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) genotype polymorphisms and the HLA-C1 and -C2 ligands in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Saudi Arabian patients. METHODS: A total of 52 patients with different stages of malignant CRC as well as 70 healthy Saudi controls were enrolled at the King Khalid University Hospital. RESULTS: Our results showed that the frequency of the activating mutations KIR2DS1, 2DS2, 2DS3, 2DS5, and 3DS1 was significantly higher in CRC patients compared to controls...
November 2015: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Zhi-Xin Qiu, Ying Peng, Wei-Min Li
BACKGROUND: The immunoglobulin-like glycoprotein CD226 (DNAX accessory molecule-1) represents receptor-activating cytotoxic T lymphocyte and natural killer cells taking part in tumor surveillance, the pathogenesis of inflammation, and autoimmune disorders. The aim of the present study is to analyze the association between polymorphisms rs763361 and rs727088 in the CD226 gene and their impact on the pathogenesis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) were used to genotype the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs763361 and rs727088 of the CD226 gene in 302 NSCLC patients and 389 ethnicity matched healthy controls...
2015: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Benjamin N Bimber, David T Evans
Natural killer (NK) cells play a central role in immune responses through direct cytotoxicity and the release of cytokines that prime adaptive immunity. In simian primates, NK cell responses are regulated by interactions between two highly polymorphic sets of molecules: the killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and their major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I ligands. KIR-MHC class I interactions in humans have been implicated in the outcome of a number viral diseases and cancers. However, studies to address the role of KIRs in animal models have been limited by the complex immunogenetics and lack of defined ligands for KIRs in non-human primates...
September 2015: Immunological Reviews
Angela R Manser, Sandra Weinhold, Markus Uhrberg
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) on natural killer (NK) cells are crucially involved in the control of cancer development and virus infection by probing cells for proper expression of HLA class I. The clonally distributed expression of KIRs leads to great combinatorial diversity that develops in the presence of the evolutionary older CD94/NKG2A receptor to create highly stochastic but tolerant repertoires of NK cells. These repertoires are present at birth and are subsequently shaped by an individuals' immunological history toward recognition of self...
September 2015: Immunological Reviews
Wei Wang, Amy K Erbe, Jacquelyn A Hank, Zachary S Morris, Paul M Sondel
Natural killer (NK) cells play a major role in cancer immunotherapies that involve tumor-antigen targeting by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). NK cells express a variety of activating and inhibitory receptors that serve to regulate the function and activity of the cells. In the context of targeting cells, NK cells can be "specifically activated" through certain Fc receptors that are expressed on their cell surface. NK cells can express FcγRIIIA and/or FcγRIIC, which can bind to the Fc portion of immunoglobulins, transmitting activating signals within NK cells...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
Kemal Beksac, Meral Beksac, Klara Dalva, Ergun Karaagaoglu, M Bulent Tirnaksiz
Approximately 30% of patients with stage II/III colorectal cancer develop recurrence following surgery. How individual regulation of host mediated anti-tumor cytotoxicity is modified by the killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIRs) genotype is essential for prediction of outcome. We analyzed the frequency of KIR and KIR ligand Human Leukocyte Antigen Class I genotypes, and their effects on recurrence and disease-free survival (DFS). Out of randomly selected 87 colorectal cancer patients who underwent R0 resection operations between 2005 and 2008, 29 patients whose cancers progressed within a median five-year follow-up period were compared with 58 patients with no recurrence within the same time period...
2015: PloS One
Jeannette Cany, Anniek B van der Waart, Jan Spanholtz, Marleen Tordoir, Joop H Jansen, Robbert van der Voort, Nicolaas M Schaap, Harry Dolstra
Adoptive transfer of allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells represents a promising treatment approach against cancer, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Previously, we reported a cytokine-based culture method for the generation of NK cell products with high cell number and purity. In this system, CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) were expanded and differentiated into NK cells under stroma-free conditions in the presence of IL-15 and IL-2. We show that combining IL-15 with IL-12 drives the generation of more mature and highly functional NK cells...
July 2015: Oncoimmunology
Okjae Lim, Mi Young Jung, Yu Kyeong Hwang, Eui-Cheol Shin
Natural killer (NK) cells are innate lymphocytes that are capable of eliminating tumor cells and are therefore used for cancer therapy. Although many early investigators used autologous NK cells, including lymphokine-activated killer cells, the clinical efficacies were not satisfactory. Meanwhile, human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation revealed the antitumor effect of allogeneic NK cells, and HLA-haploidentical, killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor ligand-mismatched allogeneic NK cells are currently used for many protocols requiring NK cells...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
Gianfranco Pittari, Perla Filippini, Giusy Gentilcore, Jean-Charles Grivel, Sergio Rutella
Natural killer (NK) cells belong to innate immunity and exhibit cytolytic activity against infectious pathogens and tumor cells. NK-cell function is finely tuned by receptors that transduce inhibitory or activating signals, such as killer immunoglobulin-like receptors, NK Group 2 member D (NKG2D), NKG2A/CD94, NKp46, and others, and recognize both foreign and self-antigens expressed by NK-susceptible targets. Recent insights into NK-cell developmental intermediates have translated into a more accurate definition of culture conditions for the in vitro generation and propagation of human NK cells...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"