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Traumatic pneumothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725818/thoracic-trauma-in-fatal-falls-from-height-traumatic-pneumopericardium-correlates-with-height-of-fall-and-severe-injury
#1
Jakob Heimer, Dominic Gascho, Michael J Thali, Wolf Schweitzer
Pneumopericardium (PPC) describes the collection of gas in the pericardial sac. In tension Pneumopericardium (tPPC), this collection of gas may lead to cardiac tamponade. PPC following blunt trauma is considered a rare finding, as reflected by the low number of case reports on the topic. We analyzed the prevalence and pathophysiology of PPC and the associated trauma in 44 cases of falls from height. We retrospectively analyzed postmortem CT data and autopsy reports of fatal falls in the period March 2014-2017...
May 3, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689594/does-the-addition-of-m-mode-to-b-mode-ultrasound-increase-the-accuracy-of-identification-of-lung-sliding-in-traumatic-pneumothoraces
#2
Jacob Avila, Ben Smith, Therese Mead, Duane Jurma, Matthew Dawson, Michael Mallin, Adam Dugan
OBJECTIVES: It is unknown whether the addition of M-mode to B-mode ultrasound (US) has any effect on the overall accuracy of interpretation of lung sliding in the evaluation of a pneumothorax by emergency physicians. This study aimed to determine what effect, if any, this addition has on US interpretation by emergency physicians of varying training levels. METHODS: One hundred forty emergency physicians were randomized via online software to receive a quiz with B-mode clips alone or B-mode with corresponding M-mode images and asked to identify the presence or absence of lung sliding...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644297/negative-pressure-in-treatment-of-persistent-post-traumatic-subcutaneous-emphysema-with-respiratory-failure-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Jakov Mihanović, Ivan Bačić, Nina Sulen
Subcutaneous emphysema may aggravate traumatic pneumothorax treatment, especially when mechanical ventilation is required. Expectative management usually suffices, but when respiratory function is impaired surgical treatment might be indicated. Historically relevant methods are blowhole incisions and placement of various drains, often with related wound complications. Since the first report of negative pressure wound therapy for the treatment of severe subcutaneous emphysema in 2009, only few publications on use of commercially available sets were published...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580349/efast-for-pneumothorax-real-life-application-in-an-urban-level-1-center-by-trauma-team-members
#4
Steven Maximus, Cesar Figueroa, Matthew Whealon, Jacqueline Pham, Eric Kuncir, Cristobal Barrios
The focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examination has become the standard of care for rapid evaluation of trauma patients. Extended FAST (eFAST) is the use of ultrasonography for the detection of pneumothorax (PTX). The exact sensitivity and specificity of eFAST detecting traumatic PTX during practical "real-life" application is yet to be investigated. This is a retrospective review of all trauma patients with a diagnosis of PTX, who were treated at a large level 1 urban trauma center from March 2013 through July 2014...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553087/oblique-chest-x-ray-an-alternative-way-to-detect-pneumothorax
#5
Cumhur Murat Tulay, Sadık Yaldız, Adnan Bilge
PURPOSE: To identify occult pneumothorax with oblique chest X-ray (OCXR) in clinically suspected patients. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we examined 1082 adult multitrauma patients who were admitted to our emergency service between January 2016 and January 2017. Clinical findings that suggest occult pneumothorax were rib fracture, flail chest, chest pain, subcutaneous emphysema, abrasion or ecchymosis and moderate to severe hypoxia in clinical parameters...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521705/chest-trauma-in-athletic-medicine
#6
Nicholas R Phillips, Derek E Kunz
While overall sports participation continues at high rates, chest injuries occur relatively infrequently. Many conditions of chest injury are benign, related to simple contusions and strains, but the more rare, severe injuries carry a much higher risk of morbidity and mortality than the typical issues encountered in athletic medicine. Missed or delayed diagnosis can prove to be catastrophic. Sports medicine providers must be prepared to encounter a wide range of traumatic conditions relating to the torso, varying from the benign chest wall contusion to the life-threatening tension pneumothorax...
March 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483471/-tracheal-injury-successfully-treated-without-surgery-report-of-a-case
#7
Toshihiro Ikeda, Jun Nakano, Hiroyasu Yokomise
A 73-year-old man was injured after crashing his automobile into a concrete wall, and was admitted to our hospital with breathing difficulties. Chest computed tomography showed extensive mediastinal emphysema, right traumatic pneumothorax, and a suspected tracheal injury at the membranous region. Because of the associated tracheomalacia, the site of the tracheal injury was difficult to find by bronchoscopy. In addition, as the patient's respiratory condition was stable, surgical treatment was not chosen. Due to the continuous air leakage from the right lung, the patient underwent surgery after mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema improved...
February 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479940/cpr-related-thoracic-injuries-comparison-of-cpr-guidelines-between-2010-and-2015
#8
Kaan Yusufoğlu, Mehmet Özgür Erdoğan, İsmail Tayfur, Mustafa Ahmet Afacan, Şahin Çolak
Background/aim: This study aimed to evaluate traumatic thorax complications in post-CPR patients and to investigate whether or not there has been a decrease in these complications since the adoption of current chest compression recommendations. Materials and methods: Post-CPR patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) were admitted between January 2014 and January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Patients admitted to the ED in 2014 were resuscitated according to 2010 AHA CPR guidelines, while those admitted to the ED in 2015 were resuscitated according to current ERC CPR guidelines...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433802/chest-ultrasonography-for-the-emergency-diagnosis-of-traumatic-pneumothorax-and-haemothorax-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Leonardo Jönck Staub, Roberta Rodolfo Mazzali Biscaro, Erikson Kaszubowski, Rosemeri Maurici
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of the chest ultrasonography for the emergency diagnosis of traumatic pneumothorax and haemothorax in adults. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and LILACS (up to 2016) were systematically searched for prospective studies on the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for pneumothorax and haemothorax in adult trauma patients. The references of other systematic reviews and the included studies were checked for further articles...
March 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427301/prospective-validation-and-refinement-of-a-decision-rule-to-obtain-cxr-in-patients-with-non-traumatic-chest-pain-in-the-ed
#10
Case Newsom, Rebecca Jeanmonod, Wendy Woolley, Nirali Shah, Shellie Asher, Eric Bruno, Michael Silberman, Mark Reiter, Donald Jeanmonod
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively validate and refine previously published criteria to determine the potential utility of chest x-ray (CXR) in the evaluation and management of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with non-traumatic chest pain. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed of patients presenting to three EDs in the US with a chief complaint of non-traumatic chest pain. Previously defined high-risk history and exam elements were combined into a refined decision rule and these elements were recorded for each patient by the ED physician...
February 10, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298241/is-observation-for-traumatic-hemothorax-safe
#11
Leah Demetri, Myriam M Martinez Aguilar, Jordan D Bohnen, Ryan Whitesell, D Dante Yeh, David King, Marc de Moya
BACKGROUND: Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma guidelines suggest tube thoracostomy (TT) be considered for all traumatic hemothoraces. However, previous research has suggested that some traumatic hemothoraces may be observed safely. We sought to (1) determine the safety of selective observation for traumatic hemothorax and (2) identify predictors of failed observation. METHODS: All patients with traumatic hemothorax from 2000 to 2014 at a Level I trauma center were identified and categorized by size as small (<300 cc) or large (≥300 cc) based on chest computed tomography (CT) scan measurements...
March 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209383/psychological-problems-of-pneumothorax-according-to-resilience-stress-and-post-traumatic-stress
#12
Dohun Kim, Hong-Ju Shin, Si-Wook Kim, Jong-Myeon Hong, Kang Soo Lee, Sang-Hyuk Lee
Objective: The aims of the study were to investigate psychological distress in pneumothorax patients. Methods: A cohort study was performed in 101 patients with spontaneous pneumothorax. They were divided into three groups: (A) under 19 years old, (B) those of an intermediate age, and (C) over 45 years old. General well-being [Psychological Wellbeing Index-Short Form (PWI-SF)], traumatic event [Impact of Event Scale (IES)], and resilience [Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)] were assessed...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207778/delayed-tension-pneumothorax-identification-and-treatment-in-traumatic-bronchial-injury-an-interesting-presentation
#13
Amit Gupta, Amulya Rattan, Sunil Kumar, Vinita Rathi
A 13-year-old girl, who did not receive any treatment for few hours following Road Traffic Injury (RTI), reported to the Casualty Department and found to have patent airway with clinically normal C spine, air-hunger (RR 42/minute), trachea deviated to left, distended neck veins and absent breath sounds on the right side. The chest X-ray she carried, done immediately after the injury, showed right sided tension pneumothorax. She was put on oxygen at 11 L/minute and an Intercostal chest tube drainage (ICD) was inserted on right side...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199182/delayed-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-high-grade-blunt-pancreatic-trauma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Tajar Asqeri
INTRODUCTION: Despite technological advancement, high grade pancreatic injuries following blunt abdominal trauma continues to remain a disease that is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, particularly in cases of delayed diagnosis. The aim of this paper was the presentation of delayed diagnosis and treatment peculiarities of high grade pancreatic trauma and a review of literature. CASE REPORT: A 55-years old man, involved in motor vehicle crashes, was referred to our level I trauma center...
November 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175906/traumatic-pneumocephaly-trapped-air-from-where
#15
Azam Basheer, Mohamed Macki, Asim Mahmood
Traumatic pneumocephaly is literally defined as 'air in the head' after trauma. While this phenomenon has been well described in the literature, our case report is unique in describing diffuse pneumocephalus in the subaponeurotic space, subdural space, subarachnoid space, brain and ventricles without a break in the cranial vault: a 26-year-old man fell from a =9 meter scaffolding in a water tower. Following an arduous and delayed extrication, the patient was unresponsive with loss of pulse requiring intubation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and release of tension pneumothorax with bilateral thoracostomy tubes...
November 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169430/spontaneous-pneumothorax
#16
Jost Schnell, Aris Koryllos, Alberto Lopez-Pastorini, Rolf Lefering, Erich Stoelben
BACKGROUND: Few reliable data are available on the epidemiology and treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. We studied the sex and age distribution, frequency of hospitalization, mortality, and conservative versus surgical care of this condition in Germany in order to draw well-founded conclusions about its in-hospital diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Data from all patients aged 10 or older who were hospitalized in the period 2011-2015 with a main discharge diagnosis of pneumothorax of neither traumatic nor iatrogenic origin were retrieved from the German Federal Statistical Office...
November 3, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143074/-additional-emergency-medical-measures-in-trauma-associated-cardiac-arrest
#17
B Ondruschka, C Baier, J Dreßler, A Höch, M Bernhard, C Kleber, C Buschmann
INTRODUCTION: More than half of all traumatic deaths happen in prehospital settings. Until now, there have been no long-term studies examining the actual additive treatment during trauma-associated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (tCPR), including pleural decompression, pericardiocentesis, tourniquets and external stabilization of the pelvis. The present cohort study evaluated forensic autopsy reports of trauma deaths occurring at the scene with respect to additive actions in preclinical tCPR as well as the potentially preventable nature of the individual death cases...
December 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124382/use-of-whole-body-ct-to-detect-patterns-of-cpr-related-injuries-after-sudden-cardiac-arrest
#18
Gregor M Dunham, Alexandre Perez-Girbes, Ferdia Bolster, Kellie Sheehan, Ken F Linnau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We have recently implemented a dedicated sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) - whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) protocol to evaluate SCA patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study is to evaluate the number and pattern of CPR-related injuries in ROSC patients with SCA-WBCT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Single-centre retrospective review of 39 patients (13 female; 20 male, mean age 51...
November 9, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124026/risk-factors-for-pneumonia-in-ventilated-trauma-patients-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#19
Hyun Oh Park, Dong Hoon Kang, Seong Ho Moon, Jun Ho Yang, Sung Hwan Kim, Joung Hun Byun
Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common disease that may contribute to morbidity and mortality among trauma patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study evaluated the associations between trauma factors and the development of VAP in ventilated patients with multiple rib fractures. Methods: We retrospectively and consecutively evaluated 101 patients with multiple rib fractures who were ventilated and managed at our hospital between January 2010 and December 2015, analyzing the associations between VAP and trauma factors in these patients...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123840/a-system-of-delivering-medical-staff-members-by-helicopter-to-manage-severely-wounded-patients-in-an-area-where-medical-resources-are-limited
#20
Kohei Ishikawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Kei Jitsuiki, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Yasumasa Oode, Mutsumi Sakurada, Atsuhiko Mogami, Youichi Yanagawa
Aim: We review the case of a severely injured patient to evaluate the system of delivering medical staff by helicopter in areas with limited medical resources. Methods: The patient's chart was reviewed, summarized, and presented. Results: A 22-year-old woman attempted a suicidal fall after using a knife to stab herself. She was transported to a local hospital. A radiological study revealed fractures to the patient's face and the base of her skull, pneumocephalus, traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, stab wounds to the neck and chest, pneumothorax, unstable pelvic fracture, and right femoral shaft fracture...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
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