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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734125/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cold-in-situ-perfusion-and-preservation-of-the-hepatic-allograft-working-towards-a-unified-approach
#1
REVIEW
Ahmer M Hameed, Jerome M Laurence, Vincent W T Lam, Henry C Pleass, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of cold in situ perfusion and static storage of the liver is one possible determinant of transplantation outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is evidence to substantiate a preference for a particular perfusion route (aortic or dual) or perfusion/preservation solution in donation after brain-death (DBD) liver transplantation. METHODS: The Embase, Medline and Cochrane databases were utilized (1980-2017). Random effects modeling was used to estimate effects on transplantation outcomes based upon (i) aortic or dual in situ perfusion, and (ii) the use of University of Wisconsin (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), Celsior and/or Institut Georges Lopez-1 (IGL-1) for perfusion/preservation...
July 22, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731782/identifiability-of-components-of-complex-interventions-using-factorial-designs
#2
Andreas Gleiss
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this contribution is to demonstrate how the component structure of a complex intervention (CI) can be efficiently exploited for study design and statistical analysis by using concepts of factorial designs. Many studies on CIs in complementary and alternative medicine exhibit the structure of factorial designs, where all possible combinations of the levels of two or more treatments occur together. In this contribution, the treatment arms of CI studies are explicitly viewed as factorial combinations of their components...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731641/macronutrient-content-and-food-exchanges-for-48-greek-mediterranean-dishes
#3
Paraskevi Detopoulou, Maria Aggeli, Elena Andrioti, Maria Detopoulou
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to facilitate the translation of traditional Greek Mediterranean recipes into food exchanges for diabetes. Moreover, it provides a useful food list for meal planning, which can be used by health professionals and nutritionists, as well as researchers and the public. METHODS: A total of 48 traditional Greek Mediterranean dishes were selected in order to include appetisers, sauces, salads, pies, dishes with vegetables and legumes as well as egg, pasta, rice, meat, fish and poultry-based dishes...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731609/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-their-association-with-blood-pressure-in-a-non-hypertensive-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-salt-study
#4
Noushin Mohammadifard, Arsalan Khaledifar, Alireza Khosravi, Fatemeh Nouri, Ali Pourmoghadas, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The association of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake with blood pressure (BP) is an ongoing debate, especially in central Iran. We aimed to examine the mean Na and K intake, major sources of Na and the relationship between BP and dietary and urinary Na and K. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in central Iran in 2013-2014. A total of 796 non-hypertensive adults aged >18 years were randomly recruited. The semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary Na and K intake...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731558/food-provision-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-services-exploring-how-staff-determine-nutritional-adequacy
#5
Amanda Cole, Helen Vidgen, Phoebe Cleland
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the methods, processes and strategies used by early childhood education and care (ECEC) services when determining the nutritional adequacy of food provided to children in their care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with directors, educators and cooks at long day care services (LDCS) (n = 12) regarding nutritional adequacy, the use of tools, guidelines and checklists, menu planning and identification and management of unhealthy foods...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730992/an-illustrated-guide-for-characters-and-terminology-used-in-descriptions-of-phlebotominae-diptera-psychodidae
#6
Eunice A B Galati, Fredy Galvis-Ovallos, Phillip Lawyer, Nicole Léger, Jérôme Depaquit
Phlebotomine (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) taxonomy has been studied extensively, primarily due to the role of these flies as vectors of various parasites, including species of Leishmania, Bartonella and arboviruses that cause diseases in humans and other vertebrates. We present some topics discussed at a round-table on phlebotomine taxonomy held at the Ninth International Symposium on Phlebotomine Sandflies (ISOPS IX) in Reims, France, in June 2016. To date, approximately one thousand phlebotomine species have been described worldwide, although in varying languages and mostly without standardization of characters and terminology...
2017: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730554/bedside-selection-of-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-by-electrical-impedance-tomography-in-hypoxemic-patients-a-feasibility-study
#7
Nilde Eronia, Tommaso Mauri, Elisabetta Maffezzini, Stefano Gatti, Alfio Bronco, Laura Alban, Filippo Binda, Tommaso Sasso, Cristina Marenghi, Giacomo Grasselli, Giuseppe Foti, Antonio Pesenti, Giacomo Bellani
BACKGROUND: Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is a key element of mechanical ventilation. It should optimize recruitment, without causing excessive overdistension, but controversy exists on the best method to set it. The purpose of the study was to test the feasibility of setting PEEP with electrical impedance tomography in order to prevent lung de-recruitment following a recruitment maneuver. We enrolled 16 patients undergoing mechanical ventilation with PaO2/FiO2 <300 mmHg...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730190/comparison-of-halide-receptors-based-on-h-halogen-chalcogen-pnicogen-and-tetrel-bonds
#8
Steve Scheiner
A series of halide receptors are constructed and the geometries and energetics of their binding to F(-), Cl(-), and Br(-) assessed by quantum calculations. The dicationic receptors are based on a pair of imidazolium units, connected via a benzene spacer. The imidazoliums each donate a proton to a halide in a pair of H-bonds. Replacement of the two bonding protons by Br leads to binding via a pair of halogen bonds. Likewise, chalcogen, pnicogen, and tetrel bonds occur when the protons are replaced, respectively, by Se, As, and Ge...
July 21, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730130/nutritional-counseling-for-obese-children-with-obesity-related-metabolic-abnormalities-in-korea
#9
REVIEW
Ki Soo Kang
Child obesity has become a significant health issue in Korea. Prevalence of obesity in school-age children in Korea has been alarmingly rising since 2008. Prevalence of obesity among infants and preschool-age children in Korea has doubled since 2008. Obese children may develop serious health complications. Before nutritional counseling is pursued, several points should be initially considered. The points are modifiable risk factors, assessment for child obesity, and principles of treatment. Motivational interviewing and a multidisciplinary team approach are key principles to consider in managing child obesity effectively in the short-term as well as long-term...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729177/the-iowa-voiding-improvement-partnership-experience-early-observations-with-a-collaborative-pediatric-uro-psychologic-clinic
#11
K M Bonnett, L L Fuller, C S Cooper, A M Arlen, D W Storm
INTRODUCTION: Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) are common problems in children presenting for pediatric urology referral. Psychiatric issues may be present in these children, making their treatment difficult. In 2013, the University of Iowa Voiding Improvement Partnership (VIP) Clinic was established for the treatment of these patients. STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study sought to evaluate early experience with this specialized clinic, to determine the pre-existing urologic and psychologic conditions seen in these clinic patients, and to evaluate the clinical outcomes after VIP treatment...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729176/infant-nephrolithiasis-and-nephrocalcinosis-natural-history-and-predictors-of-surgical-intervention
#12
Veridiana Andrioli, Kerri Highmore, Michael P Leonard, Luis A Guerra, Kenneth Tang, Jennifer Vethamuthu, Victoria Meyers, Katrina J Sullivan, Melise A Keays
INTRODUCTION: Renal stone disease diagnosed in the first year of life is relatively uncommon. While risk factors such as low birth weight, furosemide exposure, and metabolic disorders are well established, there exists little information regarding resolution rates and need for surgical intervention. Our study objective was to evaluate urolithiasis and renal calcification resolution rates, time to resolution, and need for surgical intervention in children diagnosed in their first year of life...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728387/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-on-behaviour-physiology-and-performance-of-pigs-a-review
#13
Mbusiseni Vusumuzi Mkwanazi, Cyprial Ndumiso Ncobela, Arnold Tapera Kanengoni, Michael Chimonyo
The aim of this paper is to critically analyse and synthesise existing knowledge concerning the use of environmental enrichment and its effect on behaviour, physiology and performance of pigs housed in intensive production systems. The objective is also to provide clarity as to what constitute successful enrichment and recommend on when and how enrichment should be used. Environmental enrichment is usually understood as an attempt to improve animal welfare and to lesser extent, performance. Common enrichment objects used are straw bedding, suspended rope and wood shavings, toys, rubber tubing, coloured plastic keys, table tennis balls, chains and strings...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728239/-effect-of-hydrogen-rich-saline-on-the-cd4-cd25-foxp3-treg-cells-of-allergic-rhinitis-guinea-pigs-model
#14
F F Xu, S Q Yu, C L Zhao, N Che, L Jin, Q L Wang, R M Ge
Objective: To explore the effect of hydrogen-rich saline on the CD4(+) CD25(+) Foxp3(+) Treg cells in a guinea pig model of allergic rhinitis (AR) and investigate the underling anti-inflammatory mechanism. Methods: Using random number table, eighteen guinea pigs were divided into three groups (control group/AR group/HRS group, n=6 of each group). AR guinea pig model was built with ovalbumin and aluminum. The guinea pigs were injected with hydrogen-rich saline (HRS group) for ten days after sensitation. And control group was injected with equal normal saline at the same time...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728082/oral-infections-comorbidities-and-sensory-evidences-in-elderly-cross-sectional-study
#15
Nathalia Santos Viana Silva, Luciana Alvarenga da Silva, Omar Jaluul, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Oral infections affect the general health and overlap with chronic diseases due to infectious-immune mechanisms. On the other side, sensory abnormalities may be symptoms of this association. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of oral infections, comorbidities, health parameters and sensory abnormalities in elderly patients. METHODS: Thirty (30) elderly with mean age 70.4 yo, distributed according to ages were evaluated with a protocol that included demographics, comorbidities, medications, laboratory tests, blood pressure, heart rate, mini-mental state examination, clinical oral evaluation and systematized sensory testing (gustative, olfactory, thermal, mechanical and pain thresholds)...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727684/erratum-vol-66-no-23
#16
(no author information available yet)
In the report, "Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students - United States, 2011-2016," an error occurred in the Table. The prevalence estimate for cigar smoking among high school males should read "9.9 (8.6-11.2)."
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727549/learning-and-inferring-dark-matter-and-predicting-human-intents-and-trajectories-in-videos
#17
Dan Xie, Tianmin Shu, Sinisa Todorovic, Song-Chun Zhu
This paper presents a method for localizing functional objects and predicting human intents and trajectories in surveillance videos of public spaces, under no supervision in training. People in public spaces are expected to intentionally take shortest paths (subject to obstacles) toward certain objects (e.g. vending machine, picnic table, dumpster etc.) where they can satisfy certain needs (e.g., quench thirst). Since these objects are typically very small or heavily occluded, they cannot be inferred by their visual appearance but indirectly by their influence on people's trajectories...
July 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727457/enthalpy-of-formation-of-n2h4-hydrazine-revisited
#18
David F Feller, David Bross, Branko Ruscic
In order to address the accuracy of the long-standing experimental enthalpy of formation of gas-phase hydrazine, fully confirmed in earlier versions of Active Thermochemical Tables (ATcT), the provenance of that value is re-examined in light of new high-end calculations of the Feller-Peterson-Dixon (FPD) variety. An overly optimistic determination of the vaporization enthalpy of hydrazine, which created an unrealistically strong connection between the gas phase thermochemistry and the calorimetric results defining the thermochemistry of liquid hydrazine was identified as the probable culprit...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727252/frapbot-an-open-source-application-for-frap-data
#19
Robin Kohze, Cindy E J Dieteren, Werner J H Koopman, Roland Brock, Samuel Schmidt
We introduce Frapbot, a free-of-charge open source software web application written in R, which provides manual and automated analyses of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) datasets. For automated operation, starting from data tables containing columns of time-dependent intensity values for various regions of interests within the images, a pattern recognition algorithm recognizes the relevant columns and identifies the presence or absence of prebleach values and the time point of photobleaching...
July 20, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726593/validation-and-normalization-of-the-tower-of-london-drexel-university-test-2nd-edition-in-an-adult-population-with-intellectual-disability
#20
Javier García-Alba, Susanna Esteba-Castillo, Miguel Ángel Castellanos López, Emili Rodríguez Hidalgo, Nuria Ribas Vidal, Fernando Moldenhauer Díaz, Ramón Novell-Alsina
Despite how important it is to assess executive functioning in persons with Intellectual Disability (ID), instruments adapted and validated for this population are scarce. This study's primary goal was to find evidence for the validity of the ID version of the Tower of London (TOLDXtm) test in persons with mild (IDMi) and moderate (IDMo) levels of ID with Down Syndrome (DS). A multicenter study was carried out. Subjects (n = 63, ≥ 39 years old) had DS with mild (n = 39) or moderate ID (n = 24) with no minor neurocognitive disorder or Alzheimer's disease...
July 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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