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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221607/an-efficient-classification-algorithm-for-ngs-data-based-on-text-similarity
#1
Xiangyu Liao, Xingyu Liao, Wufei Zhu, Lu Fang, Xing Chen
With the advancement of high-throughput sequencing technologies, the amount of available sequencing data is growing at a pace that has now begun to greatly challenge the data processing and storage capacities of modern computer systems. Removing redundancy from such data by clustering could be crucial for reducing memory, disk space and running time consumption. In addition, it also has good performance on reducing dataset noise in some analysis applications. In this study, we propose a high-performance short sequence classification algorithm (HSC) for next generation sequencing (NGS) data based on efficient hash function and text similarity...
September 17, 2018: Genetics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220116/the-cochrane-rehabilitation-ebook-a-knowledge-translation-tool-to-transfer-evidence-to-different-rehabilitation-audiences
#2
Antimo Moretti, Francesca Gimigliano, Chiara Arienti, Joel Pollet, Carlotte Kiekens, Stefano Negrini
Systematic reviews are a powerful method for summarizing and synthesizing evidence and create a methodological opportunity for preparing data integration tables to enable review-level synthesis of the evidence. One of the main tasks of Cochrane Rehabilitation is to make it possible to improve the application of evidence-based clinical practice by all rehabilitation professionals, and to facilitate policy-makers in decision-making according to the best evidence. In this context arises the need to diffuse the high-quality information of Cochrane Systematic Reviews (CSR), through synthetic and easy-to-use messages for the different rehabilitation audiences...
October 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220101/a-scoring-system-to-predict-recurrence-in-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#3
David López-Bru, Antonio Palazón-Bru, David Manuel Folgado-de la Rosa, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
OBJECTIVES: Though predictive models have been constructed to determine the risk of recurrence in differentiated thyroid carcinoma, various aspects of these models are inadequate. Therefore, we aimed to construct, internally validate and implement on a mobile application a scoring system to determine this risk within 10 years. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study in 1984-2016. SETTING: A Spanish region. PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled 200 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma without distant metastasis at diagnosis...
September 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219251/beyond-path-diagrams-enhancing-applied-structural-equation-modeling-research-through-data-visualization
#4
Kevin A Hallgren, Connor J McCabe, Kevin M King, David C Atkins
INTRODUCTION: Structural equation modeling (SEM) is a multivariate data analytic technique used in many domains of addictive behaviors research. SEM results are usually summarized and communicated through statistical tables and path diagrams, which emphasize path coefficients and global fit without showing specific quantitative values of data points that underlie the model results. Data visualization methods are often absent in SEM research, which may limit the quality and impact of SEM research by reducing data transparency, obscuring unexpected data anomalies and unmodeled heterogeneity, and inhibiting the communication of SEM research findings to research stakeholders who do not have advanced statistical training in SEM...
August 29, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218401/correction-to-overexpression-of-protein-kinase-inhibitor-alpha-reverses-rat-low-voluntary-running-behavior
#5
Kolter B Grigsby, Gregory N Ruegsegger, Thomas E Childs, Frank W Booth
The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistake in Table 2 to where two directionality arrows were inverted.
September 15, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218153/nasal-elongation-with-septal-half-extension-graft-modification-of-conventional-septal-extension-graft-using-minimal-septal-cartilage
#6
Soo Hyang Lee, Han Byul Lee, Eun Taek Kang
BACKGROUND: In Asian rhinoplasty, a septal extension graft can be used for both tip projection and derotation of the alar cartilage. However, patients often do not have enough harvestable septal cartilage to create the septal extension graft. We therefore devised a method with which to fix the derotated alar cartilage with a small amount of septal cartilage. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2016, 23 patients underwent short nose correction with a septal half extension graft made of septal cartilage and were postoperatively monitored for at least 6 months...
September 14, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218152/adjustable-v-flap-epicanthoplasty-based-on-desired-eyelid-morphology
#7
Song Zhang, Hong-Yu Xue
Eyelid shape is one key distinctive feature of the Asian eye. The presence of epicanthal folds is a common eyelid defect of Asians. Different surgical techniques have been developed to correct epicanthal folds. However, potential problems with these techniques are emerging, such as difficulty in design, recurrence and/or prominent scarring after surgery, and restricted application together with double eyelidplasty. An improved epicanthoplasty technique with high simplicity and flexibility is imperative. From October 2000 to March 2017, we performed V-flap epicanthoplasty procedures on 423 Asian patients...
September 14, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218112/correction-to-weight-changes-associated-with-antiepileptic-mood-stabilizers-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder
#8
Koen P Grootens, Anna Meijer, Erwin G Hartong, Bennard Doornbos, P Roberto Bakker, Asmar Al Hadithy, Kirsten N Hoogerheide, Frans Overmeire, Radboud M Marijnissen, Henricus G Ruhe
In the original version of this article unfortunately two tables have been missing. By mistake they have been published as Supplementary Material. We apologize for any inconvenience caused. The original article has been corrected.
September 14, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217227/clinical-evaluation-of-modified-transalveolar-sinus-floor-elevation-and-osteotome-sinus-floor-elevation-in-posterior-maxillae-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Xu Zhao, Wei Gao, Feng Liu
BACKGROUND: Implant placement in the posterior maxilla is often complicated by the insufficient bone volume. While transalveolar sinus floor elevation (TSFE) has been proven as a predictable surgical procedure to increase the bone height in the posterior maxilla, questions in regard to the necessity of the bone grafting during the sinus lift and the question of whether TSFE could be performed when the residual bone height is below 5 mm are still debated. Furthermore, high-quality evidence comparing the clinical outcome of transalveolar sinus floor elevation with osteotome and modified sinus floor elevation with crestal non-cutting drills is limited...
September 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216503/the-dissipative-potential-of-gamma-irradiation-in-residues-of-imidacloprid-and-thiamethoxam-in-the-postharvest-of-common-beans
#10
José Maurício Armelim, Kassio Ferreira Mendes, Rodrigo Floriano Pimpinato, Valdemar Luiz Tornisielo
Gamma irradiation (60 Co) in postharvest of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), has already proven beneficial, regarding the prolongation of shelf life and physical, chemical, and organoleptic aspects of grains. However, few prior studies have investigated the effect of gamma irradiation on the dissipation of pesticides in foods, especially insecticides in beans. This study aimed to evaluate the waste dissipation of two insecticides, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam, used in the cultivation of common bean, a variety of Carioca, using gamma irradiation...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216336/an-index-to-quantify-individual-social-responsibility-in-the-decision-to-be-vaccinated
#11
Fernando Daniel Córdova-Lepe, Juan Pablo Gutiérrez Jara, María Teresa Muñoz Quezada
In the context of generic infectious disease studies, the aim of this paper is to quantify and represent the individual social responsibility based on whether or not a single individual is vaccinated. Although the objective of this study is merely educational the approach implemented is based on a classical mathematical model named S.I.R. (Susceptible-Infected-Recovered) using an impulsive vaccination strategy. Dates of vaccination and fraction of individuals vaccinated are used as parameters. In addition, numerical simulations are conducted to represent the outcomes regarding the reduction of infected cases through tables and graphs...
August 29, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215781/improved-dose-estimates-for-fluoroscopically-guided-lumbar-epidural-injections
#12
Steve D Mann, Anand Joshi, Megan Shonyo, Jered R Wells, Jocelyn Hoye, Greeshma Agasthya, Robert Reiman, Ehsan Samei
Objective: The goal of the study was to determine the potential impact of system inaccuracies and table attenuation on fluoroscope-reported dose values. Design: An Institutional Review Board-approved study was conducted to collect detailed acquisition and patient exposure data for fluoroscopy-guided lumbar epidural injections. Background: System-reported dosimetry values, especially the air Kinetic Energy Released per unit MAss and dose-area product metrics, are routinely used for estimating the radiation burden to patients undergoing fluoroscopy-guided procedures...
September 12, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215668/bcgst-an-interactive-bias-correction-method-to-identify-over-represented-gene-sets-in-boutique-arrays
#13
Kevin Y X Wang, Alexander M Menzies, Ines P Silva, James S Wilmott, Yibing Yan, Matthew Wongchenko, Richard F Kefford, Richard A Scolyer, Georgina V Long, Garth Tarr, Samuel Mueller, Jean Y H Yang
Motivation: Gene annotation and pathway databases such as Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes are important tools in Gene Set Test (GST) that describe gene biological functions and associated pathways. GST aims to establish an association relationship between a gene set of interest and an annotation. Importantly, GST tests for over-representation of genes in an annotation term. One implicit assumption of GST is that the gene expression platform captures the complete or a very large proportion of the genome...
September 12, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215609/corrigendum-to-quot-effects-of-trigonal-deformation-on-electronic-structure-and-thermoelectric-properties-of-bismuth-quot-2018-j-phys-condens-matter-30-285504
#14
Changyi Wu, Jinchen Han, Lei Sun, Haoran Gong, Chaoping Liang
In the mentioned paper [1], the cohesive energy E (eV/atom) as the function of the c/a in Table 3 should be corrected as follows.
September 14, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215506/laser-induced-carbon-base-smart-flexible-sensor-array-for-multi-flavors-detection
#15
Yongchao Yu, Pooran C Joshi, Jayne Wu, Anming Hu
We report a flexible sensor array electronic tongue system that fabricated on a polymer substrate by the laser direct writing process for multi-flavors decoction. Electronic tongue is a sensing system that is applied to detect different elements with the same sensor array. By analyzing responses from different measurement units, it enables a cross sensitivity, namely the ability of the system responding to a range of different analytes in solution without specific functionalization of sensors. In this paper, a six-unit sensing array system was fabricated by a laser direct writing process...
September 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215081/superatom-chemistry-promising-properties-of-near-spherical-noble-metal-clusters
#16
Emil Roduner
Properties of near-spherical metal clusters are best understood on the basis of the concept of conventional atoms. Their conduction electrons occupy cluster orbitals that remind of hydrogen-like orbitals since they have the same angular dependence. When populated with electrons, maxima in their ionization potentials and minima in electron affinities reveal the closing of shells in the same sense as for noble gases. This suggests that the periodic table of elements should be amended by a third dimension reflecting the number of atoms in a cluster of the element...
September 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215015/cerebral-blood-flow-changes-during-tilt-table-testing-in-healthy-volunteers-as-assessed-by-doppler-imaging-of-the-carotid-and-vertebral-arteries
#17
C Linda M C van Campen, Freek W A Verheugt, Frans C Visser
Objectives: Using different techniques, reduction of cerebral blood flow (CBF) during orthostatic stress were demonstrated. One study reported flow reduction of the right internal carotid (ICA) and vertebral (VA) artery during orthostatic stress by Doppler imaging, with different effects on the 2 vessels. Global CBF changes, using this technique, have not been reported. Therefore, flow of the ICA, VA and global CBF were measured during head-up tilt testing. Methods: 33 healthy volunteers underwent tilt testing...
2018: Clinical Neurophysiology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213707/re-assessment-of-south-african-juvenile-facial-soft-tissue-thickness-data-for-craniofacial-approximation-a-comparative-analysis-using-central-tendency-statistics
#18
N Briers, M Steyn
Facial soft tissue thickness (FSTT) data form the basis of craniofacial identification methods such as facial approximation in cases where unknown skeletal remains lack unique identifiers such as fingerprints, DNA and dental records. Appropriate FSTT data are said to be required to produce accurate facial approximations that may be recognised by relatives. This view led to a vast number of studies considering subdivisions of FSTT data according to ancestry, age and sex. The paucity of South African juvenile FSTT standards of particular age groups, sex and ancestry is therefore problematic as "accurate" facial approximations cannot be produced...
August 16, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213028/doa-estimation-for-coprime-linear-array-based-on-mi-esprit-and-lookup-table
#19
Weike Zhang, Xi Chen, Kaibo Cui, Tao Xie, Naichang Yuan
In order to improve the angle measurement performance of a coprime linear array, this paper proposes a novel direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation algorithm for a coprime linear array based on the multiple invariance estimation of signal parameters via rotational invariance techniques (MI-ESPRIT) and a lookup table method. The proposed algorithm does not require a spatial spectrum search and uses a lookup table to solve ambiguity, which reduces the computational complexity. To fully use the subarray elements, the DOA estimation precision is higher compared with existing algorithms...
September 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212666/clinical-implications-and-electrochemical-biosensing-of-monoamine-neurotransmitters-in-body-fluids-in-vitro-in-vivo-and-ex-vivo-models
#20
REVIEW
Anupriya Baranwal, Pranjal Chandra
Monoamine neurotransmitters (MNTs) belong to one of the most important groups of neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. They play crucial role in functioning of cardiovascular, renal, and hormonal systems along with establishing human brain-body integration. Abnormal level of MNT is associated with numerous psychotic (schizophrenia, depression, dementia, etc.) and neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's disease, etc.), therefore their sensitive and robust detection is of great clinical significance...
September 3, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
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