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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110256/ethical-experiential-learning-in-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-education-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Sandra Grace, Ev Innes, Narelle Patton, Lynette Stockhausen
: Students enrolled in medical, nursing and health science programs often participate in experiential learning in their practical classes. Experiential learning includes peer physical examination and peer-assisted learning where students practise clinical skills on each other. OBJECTIVES: To identify effective strategies that enable ethical experiential learning for health students during practical classes. DESIGN: A narrative review of the literature...
January 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109798/adverse-events-associated-with-surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-outpatient-circumcisions-at-us-children-s-hospitals
#2
Katherine H Chan, Benjamin M Whittam, Elizabeth A S Moser, Mark P Cain, William E Bennett
INTRODUCTION: Doctors often use surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) despite limited evidence to support its efficacy. We sought to determine the association between SAP in children undergoing circumcision and the rate of perioperative adverse events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of males >30 days old and <18 years old who underwent circumcision from 2004 to 2014 using the Pediatric Health Information System database. We excluded inpatients and those with any concomitant procedures...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109496/preliminary-experience-using-a-cochlear-implant-with-a-novel-linear-pedestal-design
#3
William J Parkes, Joshua J Gnanasegaram, Sharon L Cushing, Adrian L James, Karen A Gordon, Blake C Papsin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficiency of cochlear implantation using a novel device with a linear silastic pedestal (2 mm wide, 2 mm deep, 10 mm long) on the flat undersurface. METHODS: Operative times required to drill a linear groove (LG) for the new linear pedestal design were prospectively accrued for 46 implantations in 30 children (median age 3). Intra-operative safety was assessed during each case. Instances of dural exposure in the base of the LG were noted...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109280/a-review-of-total-added-sugar-intakes-and-dietary-sources-in-europe
#4
REVIEW
Véronique Azaïs-Braesco, Diewertje Sluik, Matthieu Maillot, Frans Kok, Luis A Moreno
Public health policies, including in Europe, are considering measures and recommendations to limit the intake of added or free sugars. For such policies to be efficient and monitored, a precise knowledge of the current situation regarding sugar intake in Europe is needed. This review summarizes published or re-analyzed data from 11 representative surveys in Belgium, France, Denmark, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Norway, The Netherlands, Spain and the UK. Relative intakes were higher in children than in adults: total sugars ranged between 15 and 21% of energy intake in adults and between 16 and 26% in children...
January 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108873/does-employment-related-resilience-affect-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-community-violence-and-depression
#5
Seth L Welles, Falguni Patel, Mariana Chilton
Depression is a barrier to employment among low-income caregivers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and exposure to community violence (ECV) are often associated with depression. Using baseline data of 103 TANF caregivers of young children of the Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot, this study investigated associations of two forms of employment-related resilience-self-efficacy and employment hope-with exposure to adversity/violence and depression, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) short form...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108686/use-of-mechanical-insufflation-exsufflation-devices-for-airway-clearance-in-subjects-with-neuromuscular-disease
#6
REVIEW
Catherine Auger, Vanessa Hernando, Hubert Galmiche
The aim of this systematic review is to examine the benefit/risk ratio of the use of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) devices for airway clearance in patients with neuromuscular diseases. A search was conducted for relevant studies in MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and the Health Technology Assessment Database using the main key words: cough, airway clearance, in-exsufflation. The search limits were studies published in English and French between 1970 and 2014 (literature watch until December 2015)...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108678/anti-tb-drug-concentrations-and-drug-associated-toxicities-among-tb-hiv-coinfected-patients
#7
C Sekaggya-Wiltshire, A von Braun, A U Scherrer, Y C Manabe, A Buzibye, D Muller, B Ledergerber, U Gutteck, N Corti, A Kambugu, P Byakika-Kibwika, M Lamorde, B Castelnuovo, J Fehr, M R Kamya
BACKGROUND: Toxicities due to anti-TB treatment frequently occur among TB/HIV-coinfected patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between anti-TB drug concentrations and the occurrence of hepatotoxicity and peripheral neuropathy among TB/HIV-coinfected patients. METHODS: TB/HIV-coinfected patients were started on standard dose anti-TB treatment according to WHO guidelines. Anti-TB drug concentrations were measured using HPLC 1, 2 and 4 h after drug intake at 2, 8 and 24 weeks following initiation of TB treatment...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108172/the-accuracy-of-digital-templating-for-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-there-a-difference-between-direct-anterior-and-posterior-approaches
#8
Shai S Shemesh, Jonathan Robinson, Aakash Keswani, Michael J Bronson, Calin S Moucha, Darwin Chen
BACKGROUND: The direct anterior approach (DAA) has gained recent popularity for total hip arthroplasty (THA), as it provides immediate feedback on cup position and limb length using fluoroscopy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate any differences in the accuracy of digital templating for preoperative planning of THA, performed with 2 different surgical approaches: DAA using a radiolucent table with intraoperative fluoroscopy and the posterior approach (PA). METHODS: One hundred thirty-one consecutive patients (148 hips) underwent a THA by a single surgeon, using the same cup and stem designs...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108105/performance-of-predictive-equations-specifically-developed-to-estimate-resting-energy-expenditure-in-ventilated-critically-ill-children
#9
Corinne Jotterand Chaparro, Patrick Taffé, Clémence Moullet, Jocelyne Laure Depeyre, David Longchamp, Marie-Hélène Perez, Jacques Cotting
OBJECTIVE: To determine, based on indirect calorimetry measurements, the biases of predictive equations specifically developed recently for estimating resting energy expenditure (REE) in ventilated critically ill children, or developed for healthy populations but used in critically ill children. STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis study was performed using our data on REE measured in a previous prospective study on protein and energy needs in pediatric intensive care unit...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107637/survival-predictions-of-ceramic-crowns-using-statistical-fracture-mechanics
#10
S Nasrin, N Katsube, R R Seghi, S I Rokhlin
This work establishes a survival probability methodology for interface-initiated fatigue failures of monolithic ceramic crowns under simulated masticatory loading. A complete 3-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis model of a minimally reduced molar crown was developed using commercially available hardware and software. Estimates of material surface flaw distributions and fatigue parameters for 3 reinforced glass-ceramics (fluormica [FM], leucite [LR], and lithium disilicate [LD]) and a dense sintered yttrium-stabilized zirconia (YZ) were obtained from the literature and incorporated into the model...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107235/an-experimental-biomechanical-study-on-artificial-atlantoodontoid-joint-replacement-in-dogs
#11
Quanjin Zang, Yanming Liu, Dengfeng Wang, Haopeng Li, Pinglin Yang, Dong Wang, Xijing He
STUDY DESIGN: This study tested the biomechanics of artificial atlantoodontoid joint replacement (AAOJR) in a dog model. Dogs were divided into the artificial AAOJR group (n=10), the decompression group (n=10), and the healthy control group (n=10) using a random number table. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the use of AAOJR for repair of atlantoaxial instability retains rotation and restores stability. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Atlantoaxial instability is characterized by excessive movement or laxity at the junction between the atlas (C1) and axis (C2)...
February 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107047/table-of-contents
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106647/estimation-of-uterine-size-how-accurate-are-we
#13
Tanya P Hoke, Babak Vakili
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of gynecologic surgeons at estimating uterine dimensions and weight. METHODS: Six model uteri of various sizes were created to simulate the size and consistency of a uterus and displayed at 3 stations. The visual station (VS) comprised 2 specimens placed on an unmarked table. The laparoscopic station (LS) consisted of 2 model uteri, each placed in a separate simulated abdomen with a 0 degree laparoscope and 2 operative trocars with standard instruments...
January 18, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106479/how-can-nanosensors-detect-bacterial-contamination-before-it-ever-reaches-the-dinner-table
#14
Tuhina Banerjee, Tyler Shelby, Santimukul Santra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106358/national-vaccine-injury-compensation-program-revisions-to-the-vaccine-injury-table-final-rule
#15
(no author information available yet)
On July 29, 2015, the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) published in the Federal Register a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to amend the regulations governing the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP or program) by proposing revisions to the Vaccine Injury Table (Table). The Secretary based the Table revisions primarily on the 2012 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, "Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality," the work of nine HHS workgroups who reviewed the IOM findings, and consideration of the Advisory Commission on Childhood Vaccines' (ACCV) recommendations...
19, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106008/phonons-and-thermal-transport-in-graphene-and-graphene-based-materials
#16
Denis L Nika, Alexander A Balandin
A discovery of the unusual thermal properties of graphene stimulated experimental, theoretical and computational research directed at understanding phonon transport and thermal conduction in two-dimensional material systems. We provide a critical review of recent results in the graphene thermal field focusing on phonon dispersion, specific heat, thermal conductivity, and comparison of different models and computational approaches. The correlation between the phonon spectrum in graphene-based materials and the heat conduction properties is analyzed in details...
January 20, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105254/disease-monitoring-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-through-metabolomics
#17
REVIEW
Asem I Fitian, Roniel Cabrera
We elucidate major pathways of hepatocarcinogenesis and accurate diagnostic metabolomic biomarkers of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) identified by contemporary HCC metabolomics studies, and delineate a model HCC metabolomics study design. A literature search was carried out on Pubmed for HCC metabolomics articles published in English. All relevant articles were accessed in full text. Major search terms included "HCC", "metabolomics", "metabolomics", "metabonomic" and "biomarkers". We extracted clinical and demographic data on all patients and consolidated the lead candidate biomarkers, pathways, and diagnostic performance of metabolomic expression patterns reported by all studies in tables...
January 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105097/curative-effects-of-rf-combined-with-dsa-guided-ethanol-sclerotherapy-in-venous-malformations
#18
Xing Wang, Jian Meng, Jie Zhang, Ruihan Wu, Jianmin Gu, Cuiling Shao, Kun Han
The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical effect of radiofrequency (RF) ablation combined with digital subtraction angiography (DSA)-guided anhydrous ethanol injection sclerotherapy in the treatment of high-return flow venous malformation (VM). Forty-one patients who were diagnosed as high-return flow VM with clinical and radiographic evidence were divided into the observation group (n=19) and control group (n=22) by random number table. All the patients received DSA-guided anhydrous ethanol injection sclerotherapy while the patients in the observation group were given RF ablation in addition...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104580/leveraging-electronic-health-care-record-information-to-measure-pressure-ulcer-risk-in-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-longitudinal-study-protocol
#19
Stephen L Luther, Susan S Thomason, Sunil Sabharwal, Dezon K Finch, James McCart, Peter Toyinbo, Lina Bouayad, Michael E Matheny, Glenn T Gobbel, Gail Powell-Cope
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PrUs) are a frequent, serious, and costly complication for veterans with spinal cord injury (SCI). The health care team should periodically identify PrU risk, although there is no tool in the literature that has been found to be reliable, valid, and sensitive enough to assess risk in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: The immediate goal is to develop a risk assessment model that validly estimates the probability of developing a PrU...
January 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104529/measurements-of-m-and-l-x-ray-energies-and-relative-intensities-emanating-from-241-am-source
#20
H R Verma
Energies and relative Intensities of 13 X-ray transitions in the M X-ray spectrum (per 100 disintegrations of (241)Am) viz. M4N1, Mξ1,2, M3N1, Mα, Mβ, Mγ, M2N1, M3O4,5+M3P1, M3Q1, M1N3, M2N4+M1N3, M2O1 and M1O2,3 lines along with L1-L3 have been measured in addition to the 21L X-ray lines viz. Lℓ, Lt, Ls, Lα2, Lα1, Lη, Lβ6, Lβ2,15, Lβ4, Lβ5,7, Lβ1, Lβ3, Lβ9,10, Lγ5, Lγ1, Lγ2,8, Lγ3,6, Lγ4,4, Lγ13 including two new lines at 19.63 and 23.17keV, have been measured. Since the M and L X-ray lines of 93Np in the decay of (241)Am source are frequently used for energy and efficiency calibration of the Si(Li)/HpGe detectors, the present measurements have been undertaken with an objective to update the data since there are either no concrete data available (even in the Table of Radioactive Isotopes and Table of Radionuclides) or there exist inconsistencies/disparities in the data available in the earlier publications...
January 12, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
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