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Optical nerve contrast agent

Anouk J M Cornelissen, Tom J M van Mulken, Caitlin Graupner, Shan S Qiu, Xavier H A Keuter, René R W J van der Hulst, Rutger M Schols
Background: Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging technique, after administration of contrast agents with fluorescent characteristics in the near-infrared (700-900 nm) range, is considered to possess great potential for the future of plastic surgery, given its capacity for perioperative, real-time anatomical guidance and identification. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive literature review concerning current and potential future applications of NIRF imaging in plastic surgery, thereby guiding future research...
2018: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
Jaepyeong Cha, Aline Broch, Scott Mudge, Kihoon Kim, Jung-Man Namgoong, Eugene Oh, Peter Kim
Accurate, real-time identification and display of critical anatomic structures, such as the nerve and vasculature structures, are critical for reducing complications and improving surgical outcomes. Human vision is frequently limited in clearly distinguishing and contrasting these structures. We present a novel imaging system, which enables noninvasive visualization of critical anatomic structures during surgical dissection. Peripheral nerves are visualized by a snapshot polarimetry that calculates the anisotropic optical properties...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Sunghwa Hong, Seungjo Park, Dahae Lee, Ahyoung Cha, Dongeun Kim, Jihye Choi
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate ocular structures using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in dogs to assess the feasibility of CEUS for investigating the blood perfusion of canine eyes. ANIMAL STUDIED: Eight purpose-bred beagles were used. PROCEDURES: Blood perfusion and vascularity of the right eye were evaluated using color Doppler, power Doppler, and CEUS with Sonazoid® . Vascular changes were quantitatively evaluated by measuring peak intensity, time to initial upslope, and time to peak from the ciliary body, iris, choroid, retina, and the retrobulbar region by CEUS...
March 9, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Zhuolin Liu, Kazuhiro Kurokawa, Furu Zhang, John J Lee, Donald T Miller
Ganglion cells (GCs) are fundamental to retinal neural circuitry, processing photoreceptor signals for transmission to the brain via their axons. However, much remains unknown about their role in vision and their vulnerability to disease leading to blindness. A major bottleneck has been our inability to observe GCs and their degeneration in the living human eye. Despite two decades of development of optical technologies to image cells in the living human retina, GCs remain elusive due to their high optical translucency...
November 28, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jochen Hammes, Carsten Kobe, Ute Hilgenberg, Wolfgang E Lieb, Alexander Drzezga
A 76-year-old man with biochemical relapse of prostate cancer underwent Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT. Besides a local lymph node metastasis, a nodular structure inside the left orbit caudal to the optic nerve showed increased uptake. A metastasis in this location is unlikely. The subsequently performed MRI showed the structure being T1 hypointense, T2 indifferent, and strongly gadolinium contrast agent enhancing. Histopathologic examination after surgical removal identified the tumor as hemangiopericytoma, which rarely occurs in the orbit...
October 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Géraldine Pastor, María Jiménez-González, Sandra Plaza-García, Marta Beraza, Daniel Padro, Pedro Ramos-Cabrer, Torsten Reese
BACKGROUND: Differences in the cerebro-vasculature among strains as well as individual animals might explain variability in animal models and thus, a non-invasive method tailored to image cerebral vessel of interest with high signal to noise ratio is required. NEW METHOD: Experimentally, we describe a new general protocol of three-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography to visualize non-invasively the cerebral vasculature in 6 different rat strains...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Swarupa Kancherla, William J Kohler, Yolandi van der Merwe, Kevin C Chan
Visual function has been shown to deteriorate prior to the onset of retinopathy in some diabetic patients and experimental animal models. This suggests the involvement of the brain's visual system in the early stages of diabetes. In this study, we tested this hypothesis by examining the integrity of the visual pathway in a diabetic rat model using in vivo multi-modal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Ten-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into an experimental diabetic group by intraperitoneal injection of 65 mg/kg streptozotocin in 0...
2016: PloS One
Benjamin Michael Davis, Laura Crawley, Milena Pahlitzsch, Fatimah Javaid, Maria Francesca Cordeiro
Over 60 million people worldwide are diagnosed with glaucomatous optic neuropathy, which is estimated to be responsible for 8.4 million cases of irreversible blindness globally. Glaucoma is associated with characteristic damage to the optic nerve and patterns of visual field loss which principally involves the loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). At present, intraocular pressure (IOP) presents the only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma, although RGC and vision loss can continue in patients despite well-controlled IOP...
December 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
Kate Grieve, Olivier Thouvenin, Abhishek Sengupta, Vincent M Borderie, Michel Paques
PURPOSE: To interpret full-field optical coherence tomography (FFOCT) images of ex vivo retina. METHODS: Flatmounted retinas of human, primate, pig, sheep, rat, and mouse were imaged using FFOCT. To identify retinal ganglion and amacrine cells, fixed samples immunolabeled against Tuj1 and Brn3a or live samples labeled in vitro with green fluorescent protein (GFP) were analyzed by combining FFOCT, fluorescence confocal microscopy (FCM), and fluorescence-FFOCT. To investigate postmortem tissue changes, time series were acquired over 48 hours and on fresh versus fixed tissue...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Justin B McKee, John Elston, Nikos Evangelou, Stephen Gerry, Lars Fugger, Christopher Kennard, Yazhuo Kong, Jacqueline Palace, Matthew Craner
INTRODUCTION: Neurodegeneration is a widely accepted contributor to the development of long-term disability in multiple sclerosis (MS). While current therapies in MS predominantly target inflammation and reduce relapse rate they have been less effective at preventing long-term disability. The identification and evaluation of effective neuroprotective therapies within a trial paradigm are key unmet needs. Emerging evidence supports amiloride, a licenced diuretic, as a neuroprotective agent in MS through acid sensing ion channel blockade...
November 9, 2015: BMJ Open
Akio Horiguchi, Kazuhiro Tsujita, Kaku Irisawa, Tadashi Kasamatsu, Kazuhiro Hirota, Makoto Kawaguchi, Masayuki Shinchi, Keiichi Ito, Tomohiko Asano, Hiroshi Shinmoto, Hitoshi Tsuda, Miya Ishihara
BACKGROUND: Photoacoustic imaging, a noninvasive imaging based on optical excitation and ultrasonic detection, enables one to visualize the distribution of hemoglobin and acquire a map of microvessels without using contrast agents. We examined whether it helps visualize periprostatic microvessels and improves visualization of the neurovascular bundle. METHODS: We developed a photoacoustic imaging (PAI) system with a hand-held probe combining optical illumination and a conventional linear array ultrasound probe...
February 15, 2016: Prostate
Michael P DeLisi, Louise A Mawn, Robert L Galloway
PURPOSE: Access to the space behind the eyeball is limited by the position of the globe anteriorly, the neurovascular structures embedded in fat posteriorly, and the tight bony confine of the orbit. These anatomical relationships have impeded application of minimally invasive procedures to the region, such as foreign body removal, tumor biopsy, or the administration of medical therapy directly to the optic nerve. An image-guided system was developed using a magnetically tracked flexible endoscope to navigate behind the eye, with the aim of enabling accurate transorbital surgery to user-specified target locations...
July 2015: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Laura J Balcer
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has made possible the structure-function correlations that uniquely characterize the afferent visual pathway as a model for understanding multiple sclerosis (MS) and for developing new treatments. During the past decade, OCT measures of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell/inner plexiform layer (GCL + IPL) thickness have evolved from being a means to validate visual function tests, such as low-contrast letter acuity, to provide a window on the axonal and neuronal loss that are now widely recognized as contributors to permanent visual dysfunction in MS...
September 2014: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, Richard Fairless, Sarah K Williams, Katrin Heine, Adolfo Cavalié, Ricarda Diem
Optic neuritis is a common clinical manifestation of the chronic inflammatory CNS disease multiple sclerosis that can result in persistent visual impairment caused by degeneration of optic nerve axons and apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Using a model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis with optic neuritis (Brown Norway rats), we show that administration of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists memantine or MK801 results in RGC protection, axon protection, and reduced demyelination of optic nerves...
June 2014: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
José V Hervás-García, Laia Grau-López, Sira Doménech-Puigcerver, Cristina Ramo-Tello
INTRODUCTION: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), or Devic's disease, is an autoimmune, inflammatory and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system which mainly and characteristically involves the optic nerve and the spinal cord. Anti-aquaporin-4 (AQ-4) antibodies are a specific biomarker of the entity and, since their discovery, both the number of symptoms and the radiological data about the disease have progressively increased, and the concept of clinical spectrum of NMO has been defined...
January 1, 2014: Revista de Neurologia
Rebecca McQuaid, Jiajun Li, Arthur Cummings, Michael Mrochen, Brian Vohnsen
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate morphological changes, using second-harmonic (SH) optical imaging, in the corneal stroma after normal- and high-intensity collagen crosslinking in postmortem enucleated porcine eyes at controlled intraocular pressures (IOPs). METHODS: Reflection-mode SH optical imaging of the stroma was realized after standard collagen cross-linking (CXL) and accelerated crosslinking (AXL) of porcine corneas, and the results were compared with the results for untreated controls...
February 2014: Cornea
Hiroe Sagawa, Hiroko Terasaki, Keiko Nakanishi, Yoshihito Tokita, Masami Watanabe
PURPOSE: We investigated the effects of unoprostone on neurite extension of cultured retinal pieces and axonal regeneration of retinal ganglion cells in the crushed optic nerve of adult cats. METHODS: The retinal pieces were cultured with unoprostone or its primary metabolite, M1, dissolved in DMSO or polysorbate for 14 days, and the number and length of Tau-1-positive neurites and glial processes labeled with anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein antibodies were examined...
January 2014: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Summer L Gibbs, Yang Xie, Haley L Goodwill, Khaled A Nasr, Yoshitomo Ashitate, Victoria J Madigan, Tiberiu M Siclovan, Maria Zavodszky, Cristina A Tan Hehir, John V Frangioni
Nerve damage is a major morbidity associated with numerous surgical interventions. Yet, nerve visualization continues to challenge even the most experienced surgeons. A nerve-specific fluorescent contrast agent, especially one with near-infrared (NIR) absorption and emission, would be of immediate benefit to patients and surgeons. Currently, there are only three classes of small molecule organic fluorophores that penetrate the blood nerve barrier and bind to nerve tissue when administered systemically. Of these three classes, the distyrylbenzenes (DSBs) are particularly attractive for further study...
2013: PloS One
Nathan McDannold, Yong-Zhi Zhang, Chanikarn Power, Ferenc Jolesz, Natalia Vykhodtseva
OBJECT: Tumors at the skull base are challenging for both resection and radiosurgery given the presence of critical adjacent structures, such as cranial nerves, blood vessels, and brainstem. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided thermal ablation via laser or other methods has been evaluated as a minimally invasive alternative to these techniques in the brain. Focused ultrasound (FUS) offers a noninvasive method of thermal ablation; however, skull heating limits currently available technology to ablation at regions distant from the skull bone...
November 2013: Journal of Neurosurgery
A Magli, R Forte, G Cinalli, F Esposito, S Parisi, M Capasso, A Papparella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional changes after treatment of paediatric optic pathway gliomas (OPGs). METHODS: All patients with monofocal OPG seen from January 2004 to January 2011 were included. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, LogMAR), contrast sensitivity (Hiding-Heidi low-contrast 'face' test (HH) and Pelli-Robson (PR) contrast sensitivity test), and the Color Test (Ishihara plate) were obtained. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (10 boys and 11 girls with a mean age of 5...
November 2013: Eye
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