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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625681/variation-of-calcium-copper-and-iron-levels-in-serum-bile-and-stone-samples-of-patients-having-different-types-of-gallstone-a-comparative-study
#1
Mustafa Khan, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Sirajuddin, Muhammad Bilal, Asma Akhtar, Sabir Khan, Salma Kadar
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data among the human population has shown a significantly increased incidence of gallstone (GS) disease worldwide. It was studied that some essential (calcium) and transition elements (iron and copper) in bile play an important role in the development of GS. METHOD: The estimation of calcium, copper and iron were carried out in the serum, gall bladder bile and different types of GS (cholesterol, mixed and pigmented) of 172 patients, age ranged 20-55years...
June 15, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615831/species-diversity-of-the-genus-thelohanellus-kudo-1933-myxozoa-bivalvulida-parasitizing-fishes-in-indian-subcontinent
#2
REVIEW
Harpreet Kaur, Ranjeet Singh, Anu Katoch, Rajni Attri, Shoaib Ali Dar, Aditya Gupta
A synopsis of 52 nominal species of the genus Thelohanellus Kudo, 1933 reported to infect freshwater fishes in India is presented. These species infect various organs such as gills, fins, scales, skin, muscles, gall bladder, kidney etc. The diagnostic features of the genus include tear-shaped myxospores with smooth shell valves and single polar capsule. The members are histozoic in their nature of parasitism infecting fresh water fishes. The present manuscript is aimed to compile the list of reported species in India along with essential information on morphometrics of vegetative stage, host, organ preference and pathogenic effects if any...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614220/rituximab-was-used-to-treat-recurrent-igg4-related-hypophysitis-with-ophthalmopathy-as-the-initial-presentation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Wei-Jun Gu, Qian Zhang, Jian Zhu, Jie Li, Shi-Hui Wei, Yi-Ming Mu
RATIONALE: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related hypophysitis is a type of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), which is characterized by plasma cells infiltration in the pituitary causing functional changes and (or) space-occupying effect in the pituitary. IgG4-related hypophysitis is sensitive to hormone therapy in most patients, but recurrence is very likely. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 57-year-old male patient with bilateral eye redness as the initial presentation...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610340/myxosporea-cnidaria-myxozoa-infecting-the-saddled-seabream-oblada-melanura-l-1758-teleostei-sparidae-and-the-painted-comber-serranus-scriba%C3%A2-l-1758-teleostei-serranidae-in-tunisia
#4
Sayef Laamiri
First parasitological surveys of Myxozoa are performed on the sparid saddled seabream Oblada melanura (Linnaeus, 1758) and the serranid painted comber Serranus scriba (Linnaeus, 1758) caught from the Bay of Bizerte and the Gulf of Tunis respectively in Northeast Tunisia, Western Mediterranean. In this study, 6 bivalvulid myxosporean species belonging to the 3 genera Ceratomyxa Thélohan, 1892, Myxodavisia Zhao, Zhou, Kent & Whipps, 2008 and Zschokkella Auerbach, 1910, are isolated infecting their hosts. Two species Ceratomyxa sp...
May 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603785/patterns-of-gall-bladder-wall-thickening-in-dengue-fever-a-mirror-of-the-severity-of-disease
#5
Jitendra Premjibhai Parmar, Chander Mohan, Maulik Vora
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a major public health problem with an increased incidence in recent years. Gall bladder wall thickening has been reported as one of the most common findings in dengue fever. There is a paucity of literature regarding the various patterns of gall bladder wall thickening in dengue fever and their significance in predicting the severity of disease. METHODOLOGY AND SIGNIFICANT FINDINGS: Out of 93 seropositive patients included in the study, 54 patients with dengue fever had gall bladder wall thickening...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571228/imaging-evaluation-of-enhancement-patterns-of-flat-gall-bladder-wall-thickening-and-its-correlation-with-clinical-and-histopathological-findings
#6
Manoj Mathur, Jasvir Singh, Devinder Pal Singh, Navneet Kaur, Saryu Gupta, Samrin Haq
INTRODUCTION: Gall bladder Wall Thickening (GWT) is caused by wide spectrum of diseases. Initially Ultrasound (USG) was used as imaging modality for screening of acute abdomen because of its high sensitivity and real time character. Now, Computed Tomography (CT) is used because of its high temporal and spatial resolution. AIM: Evaluation of GWT and its enhancement patterns on contrast enhanced CT scan in a bid to differentiate benign from malignant causes and to correlate the imaging features with clinical and histopathological findings...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#7
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500262/recurrent-syncope-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-hidden-cause-in-abdomen
#8
Tanvi Dev, Neetu Bhari, Priyanka Naranje, Gomathy Sethuraman
Systemic inflammatory rheumatic diseases have shown an increase in frequency of internal malignancies, predominantly lymphoproliferative disorders. Occurrence of solid organ tumours is exceedingly rare. It is even rarer for it to manifest as recurrent syncope. We report a 55-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus, who later developed episodes of syncope and dizziness along with diaphoresis and palpitations. She also had associated abdominal pain and vomiting. Imaging revealed a gall bladder (GB) mass with hepatic extension, which was histologically consistent with adenocarcinoma of the GB...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480069/adjuvant-therapy-in-biliary-tract-and-gall-bladder-carcinomas-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Roshan S Prabhu, Jimmy Hwang
Biliary tract carcinomas are relatively rare, but are increasingly diagnosed. They comprise several anatomically contiguous sites, so are often grouped together, but they do appear to represent distinct diseases, in part because of anatomical and surgical considerations. Complete upfront surgical resection is generally difficult because these cancers are often diagnosed at relatively advanced stages of disease. Thus, adjuvant therapy is often considered. This paper will review the evidence underpinning current recommendations for adjuvant therapy in biliary carcinomas...
April 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450209/a-new-myxidium-species-myxozoa-myxosporea-infecting-the-gallbladder-of-the-turtle-podocnemis-unifilis-testudines-podocnemididae-from-peruvian-amazon
#10
Luis L Espinoza, Omar Mertins, Gabriella S Gama, Ana C M Fernandes Patta, Patrick D Mathews
A new myxosporean species, Myxidium peruviensis n. sp., is described parasitizing the gall bladder of the yellow-spotted river turtle Podocnemis unifilis kept in captivity in an Amazonian Peruvian turtle rescue unit in the city of Iquitos, State of Loreto, Peru. The parasite was found in four of ten (40%) P. unifilis examined. The new species was characterized based on morphological and molecular phylogeny analyses. SSU rDNA sequence of the spores of M. peruviensis n. sp. resulted in 1876 nucleotides and this sequence did no match any of the Myxozoa available in the GenBank...
August 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404483/anaconda-paramyxovirus-infection-in-an-adult-green-anaconda-after-prolonged-incubation-pathological-characterization-and-whole-genome-sequence-analysis
#11
Patrick C Y Woo, Paolo Martelli, Suk-Wai Hui, Candy C Y Lau, Joseph M Groff, Rachel Y Y Fan, Susanna K P Lau, Kwok-Yung Yuen
From July 2011 to June 2012, 31 out of 33 green anaconda juveniles from an oceanarium in Hong Kong died over a 12-month period. These anacondas were progeny of a female anaconda purchased from Japan and added to the collection in May 2011. The juvenile anacondas were born in July 2011. A novel paramyxovirus, named anaconda paramyxovirus (AnaPV), was isolated from these affected juvenile anacondas. In July 2015, one of the remaining two anacondas, that survived the cluster of fatal infections, died at the age of four...
April 9, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356078/calcium-oxalate-crystal-related-kidney-injury-in-a-patient-receiving-roux-en-y-hepaticojejunostomy-due-to-gall-bladder-cancer
#12
Jun-Li Tsai, Shang-Feng Tsai
BACKGROUND: Calcium oxalate nephropathy is rare in current practice. It was a common complication during jejunoileal bypass, but much less seen in modern gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. The major cause of it is enteric hyperoxaluria. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a patient here with acute kidney disease due to calcium oxalate nephropathy, rather than the conditions mentioned above. The male patient received a Roux-en Y hepaticojejunostomy and common bile duct drainage...
March 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355731/-the-455th-case-swollen-leg-jaundice-and-mental-disturbance
#13
R Dong, L Weng, T Guo, T N Zhu, J L Zhao, Q J Wu, X F Zeng
A 17-year-old young man with a history of swollen leg and intermittent jaundice was presented to Peking Union Medical College Hospital with acute fever and mental disturbance. He developed deep venous thrombosis, acute myocardial infarction and plantar skin necrosis during the past four years, and was presented with an acute episode of fever, thrombocytopenia, acute kidney injury, acute myocardial infarction, mental disturbance, and obstructive jaundice. Laboratory tests showed schistocytes on peripheral blood smear...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261768/percutaneous-cholecystostomy-a-curative-treatment-modality-forelderly-and-high-asa-score-acute-cholecystitis-patients
#14
Hüseyin Kerem Tolan, Aslıhan Semiz Oysu, Fatih Başak, İbrahim Atak, Mustafa Özbağrıaçık, Adnan Özpek, Mert Kaskal, Fikret Ezberci, Gürhan Baş
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis (AC) is a common emergency seen by general surgeons. Optimal treatment is laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC); however, in cases where surgery cannot be performed due to high risk of morbidity and mortality, such as in elderly patients with comorbid diseases, other treatment modalities may be used. Percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is one alternative method to treat AC. PC can be used to provide drainage of the gall bladder and control infection. Subsequently, interval cholecystectomy can be performed when there are better conditions...
January 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195110/a-case-of-gallbladder-mass-malakoplakia-the-tumor-mimicker
#15
Kanwaljeet Singh, Tathagatta Chatterjee
Diagnosis of malakoplakia presenting as gall bladder mass is a diagnostic dilemma faced by pathologists, radiologists, and surgeons. Malakoplakia is a rare inflammatory disorder and tumor mimicker usually occurring in the urinary tract, may occasionally be found in gall bladder. Here, we present a rare case, presenting as gall bladder mass in a known case of gallstone disease, clinically suspected as carcinoma and later turned out to be malakoplakia in gall bladder.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166071/gallbladder-volume-in-sikkimese-population
#16
R Dey, B K Sharma, V K Singh, D K Jha
Background Gall bladder volume can have clinical and therapeutic implications and possibly affect certain pathophysiological mechanisms of many diseases affecting the gallbladder including gall stones. Objective The objective of the study was to establish baseline indices of gallbladder volume for the Sikkimese population and determine its correlation with age, sex and Body Mass Index. Method A prospective epidemiologic study on selected 100 patients (equal male to female ratio) over the age of 36 years, undergoing ultrasound scan of abdomen, was undertaken...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144091/clinicopathological-profile-of-gastrointestinal-lymphomas-in-kashmir
#17
Mehnaaz Sultan Khuroo, Summyia Farooq Khwaja, Ajaz Rather, Zhahid Hassan, Ruby Reshi, Naira Sultan Khuroo
BACKGROUND: The histological categorization of lymphoma has been a source of controversy for many years for both clinicians and pathologists. Clinicopathologic information of gastrointestinal lymphomas in Indian subcontinent is lacking. We studied histopathological spectrum of Primary Gastrointestinal Lymphomas (PGIL) and attempted to classify the G.I. lymphomas based on the recent WHO classification in to major histological types and immunological categories. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was done to evaluate the clinicopathological pattern of 100 cases with a histopathological diagnosis of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma at a tertiary care hospital...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133231/-a-long-surviving-case-of-unresectable-gall-bladder-carcinoma-treated-with-gemcitabine-based-chemotherapy
#18
Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hiroyuki Araki, Naoki Mimura, Toshihiro Ogawa, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Takashi Kanazawa, Yasuhiro Choda, Daisuke Sumitani, Michihiro Ishida, Masazumi Okajima, Motoki Ninomiya
We report a 5-year surviving patient with unresectable gall bladder carcinoma treated with gemcitabine(GEM)-based chemotherapy. A 64-year-old man was diagnosed with unresectable gall bladder carcinoma with peritoneal dissemination based on laparotomy findings. Two months later, he started to receive GEM chemotherapy. Twelve months after surgery, the patient chose to suspend GEM treatment. One year and 10 months later, multiple lung metastases appeared and GEM was restarted in combination with UFT. Although the primary lesion and lung metastases gradually progressed, the patient maintained a good quality of life...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128682/percutaneous-cholecystocentesis-in-cats-with-suspected-hepatobiliary-disease
#19
Victoria L Byfield, Julie E Callahan Clark, Bradley J Turek, Charles W Bradley, Mark P Rondeau
Objectives The objective was to evaluate the safety and diagnostic utility of percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis (PUC) in cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease. Methods Medical records of 83 cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease that underwent PUC were retrospectively reviewed. Results At the time of PUC, at least one additional procedure was performed in 79/83 cats, including hepatic aspiration and/or biopsy (n = 75) and splenic aspiration (n = 18). Complications were noted in 14/83 cases, including increased abdominal fluid (n = 11), needle-tip occlusion (n = 1), failed first attempt to penetrate the gall bladder wall (n = 1) and pneumoperitoneum (n = 1)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103928/primary-carcinoma-of-the-cystic-duct-a-case-report-and-review-of-classifications
#20
REVIEW
Lovenish Bains, Daljit Kaur, Arun Kumar Kakar, Aman Batish, Seema Rao
BACKGROUND: The incidence of extrahepatic bile duct malignancies is about 2-3.6% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Primary carcinoma of cystic duct is a rare condition comprising a fraction of all extrahepatic bile duct malignancies with less than 70 cases reported worldwide. Majority of these cases were reported from East Asia. There is paucity in such case being reported from Indian subcontinent. We present a case of primary carcinoma of the cystic duct encountered during laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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