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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470260/cavernous-transformation-and-granulomatous-epididymis-in-beh%C3%A3-et-disease
#1
Yumi Motokura, Haruki Watanabe, Yuriko Yamamura, Yuzuki Kano, Yoshinori Matsumoto, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464700/septic-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-following-a-minor-head-injury-a-rare-cause-of-medico-legal-death
#2
Supawon Srettabunjong
Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis (SCST) is an uncommon consequence of head and face infection, but a rare complication after craniofacial fracture. In this case, SCST developed in a 13-year-old girl following a minor fall during volleyball, with impact and resulting abrasive contusion of the left forehead. She developed watery rhinorrhea, progressive headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, and left proptosis with blurred vision, and was admitted to hospital 3 days after injury. Drowsiness, high-grade fever, severe headache, left ocular pain with marked periorbital swelling, and paralysis of extraocular eye movements developed...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464081/dapk-and-cip2a-are-involved-in-gas6-axl-mediated-schwann-cell-proliferation-in-a-rat-model-of-bilateral-cavernous-nerve-injury
#3
Yen-Lin Chen, Yi-Ting Tsai, Ting-Ting Chao, Yi-No Wu, Meng-Chuan Chen, Ying-Hung Lin, Chun-Hou Liao, Shang-Shing P Chou, Han-Sun Chiang
Purpose: Impotence is one of the major complications occurring in prostate cancer patients after radical prostectomy (RP). Self-repair of the injured nerve has been observed in animal models and in patients after RP. However, the downstream signalling is not well documented. Here, we found that the DAPK/CIP2A complex is involved in GAS6/AXL-related Schwann cell proliferation. Materials and Methods: The 3 groups were a sham group, a 14-day post-bilateral cavernous nerve injury (BCNI) group and a 28-day post-BCNI group...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462451/transsylvian-transuncal-approach-for-an-anterior-midbrain-cavernous-malformation-resection-a-case-report
#4
Julien Delaunois, Géraldo Vaz, Christian Raftopoulos
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Cavernous malformations (CMs) are vascular abnormalities with a hemorrhage risk of 0.2% to 5% per year, according to their location. Brainstem CMs seem to have a greater hemorrhagic risk and represent a neurosurgical challenge. We report here the first transsylvian transuncal (TS-TU) approach for an anteromedial mesencephalic CM resection. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 29-yr-old female suddenly presented a left hemiparesis and central facial paresis with a diplopia in the upward gaze...
March 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462449/endoscopic-transorbital-superior-eyelid-approach-for-the-management-of-selected-spheno-orbital-meningiomas-preliminary-experience
#5
Iacopo Dallan, Stefano Sellari-Franceschini, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Matteo de Notaris, Giacomo Fiacchini, Francesca Romana Fiorini, Paolo Battaglia, Davide Locatelli, Paolo Castelnuovo
BACKGROUND: Feasibility and safety of spheno-orbital meningioma resection by means of endoscopic-assisted transorbital route. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of the transorbital endoscopic management of selected spheno-orbital meningiomas. As secondary aims, symptom improvement and tumor volume removed were evaluated. METHODS: Retrospective chart evaluation of patients with spheno-orbital meningiomas treated by means of endoscopic transorbital superior eyelid approach in 3 referral centers over the last 4 yr...
March 1, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462365/supratentorial-cavernous-malformations-involving-the-cortico-spinal-tract-and-sensory-motor-cortex-treatment-strategies-surgical-considerations-and-outcomes
#6
Miran Skrap, Maria Caterina Vescovi, Giada Pauletto, Marta Maieron, Tomasino Barbara, Daniele Bagatto, Francesco Tuniz
BACKGROUND: Cavernous malformations (CMs) are congenital malformations and may be located anywhere in the brain. We present a series of CMs located close to or inside of the motor-sensory cortex or corticospinal tract (CST) with clinical onset due to hemorrhage or mass effect. In such cases, surgery becomes an acceptable option. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), functional-magnetic-resonance imaging (fMRI), intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring, neuronavigation, and brain-mapping and the clinical results of surgical treatment of CMs in this critical location...
February 16, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462072/anterior-to-dorsal-root-entry-zone-myelotomy-adrezotomy-a-new-surgical-approach-for-the-treatment-of-ventrolateral-deep-intramedullary-spinal-cord-cavernous-malformations
#7
Jian Ren, Chuan He, Tao Hong, Xiaoyu Li, Yongjie Ma, Jiaxing Yu, Feng Ling, Hongqi Zhang
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To confirm the feasibility of using anterior to dorsal root entry zone myelotomy (ADREZotomy), a new surgical approach, for the treatment of ventrolateral deep ISCCMs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical removal of ventrolateral deep intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations (ISCCMs) is highly risky and remains problematic. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective study exploring the surgical removal of ventrolateral intrinsic ISCCMs using ADREZotomy in 10 patients...
February 16, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459567/a-giant-cardiac-cavernous-hemangioma-involving-the-left-atrial-roof-in-an-elderly-woman
#8
Eisaku Nakamura, Kunihide Nakamura, Koji Furukawa, Hirohito Ishii, Katsuya Kawagoe, Takeshi Ideguchi, Nobuyuki Oguri
Cardiac tumors are relatively rare, with primary hemangiomas being a particularly rare benign neoplasm. Herein, we report a case of a symptomatic cardiac tumor detected via echocardiography in an 82-year-old woman. Although we performed advanced imaging examinations for her heart, we could not diagnose the tumor before surgery. Eventually, a tumor involving the left atrial roof was detected, and it was completely resected to relieve her symptoms and establish a precise diagnosis. Histopathological examination indicated a cardiac cavernous hemangioma...
February 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455154/transfemoral-thrombectomy-in-the-cavernous-sinus-and-superior-ophthalmic-vein
#9
Justin Bauer, Kartik Kansagra, Kuo H Chao, Lei Feng
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that can cause death, neurologic disability, and visual loss. A pre-teen with septic CST leading to ocular hypertension and acute visual loss was treated at our institution with thrombectomy and thrombolysis of the cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins. Successful recanalization of the bilateral cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins was achieved in two separate procedures without complication. The patient showed immediate symptomatic relief...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454117/the-differentially-expressed-genes-of-human-sporadic-cerebral-cavernous-malformations
#10
Xiangjiang Lin, Guolu Meng, Xing Liu, Tengfei Yu, Chuanfeng Bai, Xiaobin Fei, Shengze Deng, Jizong Zhao, Shulin Ren, Junting Zhang, Zhen Wu, Shuo Wang, Jianguo Zhang, Liwei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To understand the development of Sporadic cerebral cavernous malformations (SCCM) comprehensively, we analyzed gene expression profiles in SCCMs by the gene microarray. METHODS: The total number of the specimens collected in our study was 14, 7 of which were SCCMs, and the others were controls that were obtained from normal brain vessels. The total RNA was extracted and hybridized with Oligonucleotide array containing 21522 genes. The analysis of Gene Ontology (GO) items and molecular pathways was performed based on the GO and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450811/debulking-surgery-of-pituitary-adenoma-as-a-strategy-to-facilitate-definitive-stereotactic-radiosurgery
#11
Neil Forster, Ronald Warnick, Vinita Takiar, Luke Pater, John Breneman
In patients with pituitary adenomas (PA) who are unable to undergo complete surgical resection, radiation therapy (RT), specifically stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), results in excellent local control. However, the utility of radiosurgery may be limited by the proximity of the lesion to the optic chiasm (OC). We evaluate the efficacy of debulking surgery in increasing the PA-OC separation to convert patients into SRS candidates. From 2007 to 2015, 31 patients with PA < 2 mm from the OC underwent debulking surgery followed by RT within 2 years of resection...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443865/prediction-of-traumatic-carotid-cavernous-sinus-fistula-via-noncontrast-computed-tomography-by-fracture-pattern-and-abnormality-of-venous-system-methodological-issues-on-prediction-studies
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443780/analysis-of-the-characteristics-of-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-for-retinal-cavernous-hemangioma-a-case-report
#13
Shuyuan Lyu, Ming Zhang, Ruikang K Wang, Yunxia Gao, Qinqin Zhang, Xiaoxue Min
RATIONALE: Retinal cavernous hemangioma is a rare congenital vascular malformation with typical fundus changes. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), which is in rise in the recent years, is a rapid and noninvasive technology to assist in obtaining information regarding the blood flow changes in the fundus lesions from different layers without injecting a contrast agent. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 40-year-old male patient with visual occlusion in the right eye for >1 month was reported...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442536/a-new-surgical-technique-for-excision-of-orbital-cavernous-hemangioma-a-15-year-experience
#14
Abbas Bagheri, Reza Jafari, Hosein Salour, Maryam Aletaha, Shahin Yazdani, Sepehr Baghi
PURPOSE: To present a new surgical technique for excision of orbital cavernous hemangiomas (CHs). METHODS: This retrospective case series study included patients with orbital CH who were operated from 2001 to 2016 at our referral center. Epidemiologic data, symptoms, signs, and images were reviewed from patients' files with at least one year of follow-up. Surgical results and complications were documented. We used the "index finger dissection" technique without grasping the tumor for release of adhesions and its removal...
February 14, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437716/transfemoral-thrombectomy-in-the-cavernous-sinus-and-superior-ophthalmic-vein
#15
Justin Bauer, Kartik Kansagra, Kuo H Chao, Lei Feng
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that can cause death, neurologic disability, and visual loss. A pre-teen with septic CST leading to ocular hypertension and acute visual loss was treated at our institution with thrombectomy and thrombolysis of the cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins. Successful recanalization of the bilateral cavernous sinuses and superior ophthalmic veins was achieved in two separate procedures without complication. The patient showed immediate symptomatic relief...
February 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433055/presurgical-treatment-with-somatostatin-analogues-in-growth-hormone-secreting-pituitary-adenomas-a-long-term-single-center-experience
#16
Liang Lv, Yu Hu, Peizhi Zhou, Shizhen Zhang, Senlin Yin, Nannan Zhang, Shu Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Acromegalic patients with macro- or giant adenomas often had poor prognosis after surgery. Somatostatin analogues (SSAs) show high effectiveness in both tumor shrinkage and serum GH reduction. But the role of SSAs in pre-surgical treatment and the management among macro- and giant adenomas remains controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 100 acromegalic patients with macro- or giant adenomas that underwent surgery in our institution between January 2010 and December 2016 were enrolled in the current retrospective study...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431912/polymorphism-in-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-1306-c-t-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-sinus-thrombosis
#17
Yuang-Seng Tsuei, Ying-Erh Chou, Wen-Hsien Chen, Chao-Bao Luo, Shun-Fa Yang
BACKGROUND: Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is a rare but important cerebrovascular disorder in adults. Little is known about the molecular genetic pathogenesis underlying the development of DAVF. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to investigate the associations of gene polymorphisms and DAVF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) genotyping, 7 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of angiogenesis-related genes were analyzed in 72 DAVF patients...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429974/a-benchmark-approach-to-hemorrhage-risk-management-of-cavernous-malformations
#18
Sepide Kashefiolasl, Markus Bruder, Nina Brawanski, Eva Herrmann, Volker Seifert, Stephanie Tritt, Juergen Konczalla
OBJECTIVE: Despite the low annual risk of hemorrhage associated with a cavernous malformation (CM) (0.6%-1.1% per year), the risk of rehemorrhage rate and severity of neurologic deficits is significantly higher; therefore, we aimed to evaluate the rupture risk of CMs depending on various factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of all patients with CM admitted to our institution between 1999 and April 2016. Cavernoma volume, location of the lesion, existence of a developmental venous anomaly (DVA), number of cavernomas, and patient characteristics (sex, age, hypertension, and antithrombotic therapy) were assessed...
February 2, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429125/cyberknife-robotic-radiosurgery-in-the-multimodal-management-of-acromegaly-patients-with-invasive-macroadenoma-a-single-center-s-experience
#19
Elisa Sala, Justin M Moore, Alvaro Amorin, Hector Martinez, Aprotim C Bhowmik, Layton Lamsam, Steven Chang, Scott G Soltys, Laurence Katznelson, Griffith R Harsh
Surgery is the primary treatment for acromegaly. However, surgery may not be curative of some tumors, particularly invasive macroadenomas. Adjuvant radiation, specifically robotic stereotactic radiosurgery (rSRS), may improve the endocrine outcome. We retrospectively reviewed hormonal and radiological data of 22 acromegalic patients with invasive macroadenomas treated with rSRS at Stanford University Medical Center between 2000 and 2016. Prior to treatment, the tumor's median maximal diameter was 19 mm (2...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426788/approach-to-a-patient-with-diplopia-in-the-emergency-department
#20
Edward Margolin, Cindy T Y Lam
BACKGROUND: Diplopia can be the result of benign or life-threatening etiologies. It is imperative for the emergency physician to be proficient at assessing diplopia and recognize when urgent referral or neuroimaging is required. OBJECTIVE: The first part of this review highlights a simple framework to arrive at the appropriate disposition of diplopic patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). The second part of this review provides more detail and further management strategies...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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