keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fatty acid oxidation disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627652/eriodictyol-7%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-d-glucopyranoside-from-coreopsis%C3%A2-tinctoria-nutt-ameliorates-lipid-disorders-via-protecting-mitochondrial-function-and-suppressing-lipogenesis
#1
Yuyan Liang, Hai Niu, Limei Ma, Dan Du, Li Wen, Qing Xia, Wen Huang
Coreopsis tinctoria (snow chrysanthemum) has been reported to exert antihyperlipidemic effects. The present study aimed to identify the active compounds of Coreopsis tinctoria and to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying its effects on lipid dysregulation by measuring lipid levels, reactive oxygen species, lipid peroxidation and fatty acid synthesis. The present results demonstrated that snow chrysanthemum aqueous extracts significantly reduced serum lipid levels and oxidative stress in vivo. The main compounds that were isolated were identified as flavanomarein (compound 1) and eriodictyol 7‑O‑β‑D glucopyranoside (compound 2)...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626141/dietary-starfish-oil-prevents-hepatic-steatosis-and-hyperlipidemia-in-c57bl-6n-mice-fed-high-fat-diet
#2
Fumiaki Beppu, Haoqi Li, Kazuaki Yoshinaga, Toshiharu Nagai, Akihiko Yoshinda, Atsushi Kubo, Jota Kanda, Naohiro Gotoh
Starfish oil (SO) is characterized by functional lipids, including n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (both in the form of triacylglycerol and in the form of phospholipid), and carotenoids, which may exert beneficial effects on metabolic disorders in obesity-associated diseases. In the present study, the effect of SO on dysregulation of lipid metabolism was examined using C57BL/6N mice treated with high-fat (HF) diet. Mice were fed HF, HF with 2% SO, or HF with 5% SO diet for 8 weeks. Weight gain, blood glucose, serum and hepatic lipid contents, and hepatic fatty acid composition were measured...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625483/silymarin-protects-against-renal-injury-through-normalization-of-lipid-metabolism-and-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-high-fat-fed-mice
#3
Bin Feng, Ran Meng, Bin Huang, Yan Bi, Shanmei Shen, Dalong Zhu
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney diseases and the conventional treatment with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors is not enough to prevent renal injury and prolong the progression of disease. Recently, silymarin has shown protective effects on renal tissue injury, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. The goal of this study was to investigate the potential capacity of silymarin to prevent renal injury during obesity induced by high fat diet (HFD) in mice...
June 15, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601616/fructose-rich-diet-and-insulin-action-in-female-rat-heart-estradiol-friend-or-foe
#4
REVIEW
Maja Bundalo, Snjezana Romic, Snezana Tepavcevic, Mojca Stojiljkovic, Aleksandra Stankovic, Maja Zivkovic, Goran Koricanac
Increased intake of fructose in humans and laboratory animals is demonstrated to be a risk factor for development of metabolic disorders (insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes) and cardiovascular diseases. On the other hand, estradiol is emphasized as a cardioprotective agent. The main goal of this review is to summarize recent findings on damaging cardiac effects of fructose-rich diet in females, mostly experimental animals, and to evaluate protective capacity of estradiol. Published results of our and other research groups indicate mostly detrimental effects of fructose-rich diet on cardiac insulin signaling molecules, glucose and fatty acid metabolism, nitric oxide production and ion transport, as well as renin-angiotensin system and inflammation...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588048/the-sphingosine-1-phosphate-break-down-product-2e-hexadecenal-forms-protein-adducts-and-glutathione-conjugates-in-vitro
#5
Fabian Schumacher, Corinna Neuber, Hannah Finke, Kai Nieschalke, Jessica Baesler, Erich Gulbins, Burkhard Kleuser
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid involved in various physiological processes such as cell proliferation and apoptosis, can be irreversibly cleaved by the S1P lyase, yielding phosphoethanolamine and (2E)-hexadecenal (2EHD). The latter metabolite, an α,β-unsaturated fatty aldehyde, may be susceptible to nucleophilic attack by cellular biomolecules. Hence, we studied whether 2EHD forms reaction products with glutathione (GSH) and proteins in vitro Using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and stable isotopically labeled reference material, we identified a total of nine novel reaction products of 2EHD in a cell-free approach: two GSH conjugates and seven L-amino acid adducts...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587303/the-role-of-lipid-and-lipoprotein-metabolism-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Massimo Perla, Maurizia Prelati, Michela Lavorato, Daniele Visicchio, Caterina Anania
Due to the epidemic of obesity across the world, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become one of the most prevalent chronic liver disorders in children and adolescents. NAFLD comprises a spectrum of fat-associated liver conditions that can result in end-stage liver disease and the need for liver transplantation. Simple steatosis, or fatty liver, occurs early in NAFLD and may progress to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis with increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. The mechanism of the liver injury in NAFLD is currently thought to be a "multiple-hit process" where the first "hit" is an increase in liver fat, followed by multiple additional factors that trigger the inflammatory activity...
June 6, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587101/therapeutic-applications-of-rose-hips-from-different-rosa-species
#7
REVIEW
Inés Mármol, Cristina Sánchez-de-Diego, Nerea Jiménez-Moreno, Carmen Ancín-Azpilicueta, María Jesús Rodríguez-Yoldi
Rosa species, rose hips, are widespread wild plants that have been traditionally used as medicinal compounds for the treatment of a wide variety of diseases. The therapeutic potential of these plants is based on its antioxidant effects caused by or associated with its phytochemical composition, which includes ascorbic acid, phenolic compounds and healthy fatty acids among others. Over the last few years, medicinal interest in rose hips has increased as a consequence of recent research that has studied its potential application as a treatment for several diseases including skin disorders, hepatotoxicity, renal disturbances, diarrhoea, inflammatory disorders, arthritis, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, obesity and cancer...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579762/prepartal-energy-intake-alters-blood-polymorphonuclear-leukocyte-transcriptome-during-the-peripartal-period-in-holstein-cows
#8
A Agrawal, M J Khan, D E Graugnard, M Vailati-Riboni, S L Rodriguez-Zas, J S Osorio, J J Loor
In the dairy industry, cow health and farmer profits depend on the balance between diet (ie, nutrient composition, daily intake) and metabolism. This is especially true during the transition period, where dramatic physiological changes foster vulnerability to immunosuppression, negative energy balance, and clinical and subclinical disorders. Using an Agilent microarray platform, this study examined changes in the transcriptome of bovine polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) due to prepartal dietary intake. Holstein cows were fed a high-straw, control-energy diet (CON; NEL = 1...
2017: Bioinformatics and Biology Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575497/loss-of-hepatic-lrpprc-alters-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-regulation-of-permeability-transition-and-trans-membrane-ros-diffusion
#9
Alexanne Cuillerier, Shamisa Honarmand, Virgilio J J Cadete, Matthieu Ruiz, Anik Forest, Sonia Deschênes, Claudine Beauchamp, Guy Charron, John D Rioux, Christine Des Rosiers, Eric A Shoubridge, Yan Burelle
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The French-Canadian variant of Leigh Syndrome (LSFC) is an autosomal recessive oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) disorder caused by a mutation in LRPPRC, coding for a protein involved in the stability of mitochondrially-encoded mRNAs. Low levels of LRPPRC are present in all patient tissues, but result in a disproportionately severe OXPHOS defect in the brain and liver, leading to unpredictable subacute metabolic crises. METHODS: To investigate the impact of the OXPHOS defect in the liver, we analyzed the mitochondrial phenotype in mice harboring an hepatocyte-specific inactivation of Lrpprc...
May 31, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552586/adipocyte-differentiation-is-regulated-by-mitochondrial-trifunctional-protein-%C3%AE-subunit-via-sirtuin-1
#10
Hong-Xia Liu, Yan-Mei Wang, Jian-Ping Hu, Li-Ying Huang, Ning-Yuan Fang
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein α-subunit (MTPα) is involved in the fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) pathway. Two MTPα activities, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and long-chain hydratase, have been linked with the occurrence and development of obesity and obesity-related disorders. These activities catalyze two steps in the FAO pathway (the second and third reactions). However, the role of MTPα in the pathogenesis of obesity has not been evaluated, and the functional role of MTPα in adipocyte differentiation has not been determined...
May 26, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551793/mitochondria-in-structural-and-functional-cardiac-remodeling
#11
Natalia Torrealba, Pablo Aranguiz, Camila Alonso, Beverly A Rothermel, Sergio Lavandero
The heart must function continuously as it is responsible for both supplying oxygen and nutrients throughout the entire body, as well as for the transport of waste products to excretory organs. When facing either a physiological or pathological increase in cardiac demand, the heart undergoes structural and functional remodeling as a means of adapting to increased workload. These adaptive responses can include changes in gene expression, protein composition, and structure of sub-cellular organelles involved in energy production and metabolism...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532786/fluxomic-evidence-for-impaired-contribution-of-short-chain-acyl-coa-dehydrogenase-to-mitochondrial-palmitate-%C3%AE-oxidation-in-symptomatic-patients-with-acads-gene-susceptibility-variants
#12
Anne-Frédérique Dessein, Monique Fontaine, Marie Joncquel-Chevalier Curt, Gilbert Briand, Claire Sechter, Karine Mention-Mulliez, Dries Dobbelaere, Claire Douillard, Arnaud Lacour, Isabelle Redonnet-Vernhet, Delphine Lamireau, Magalie Barth, Marie-Christine Minot-Myhié, Alice Kuster, Pascale de Lonlay, Niels Gregersen, Cécile Acquaviva, Christine Vianey-Saban, Joseph Vamecq
BACKGROUND: Despite ACADS (acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, short-chain) gene susceptibility variants (c.511C>T and c.625G>A) are considered to be non-pathogenic, encoded proteins are known to exhibit altered kinetics. Whether or not, they might affect overall fatty acid β-oxidation still remains, however, unclear. METHODS: De novo biosynthesis of acylcarnitines by whole blood samples incubated with deuterated palmitate (16-(2)H3,15-(2)H2-palmitate) is suitable as a fluxomic exploration to distinguish between normal and disrupted β-oxidation, abnormal profiles and ratios of acylcarnitines with different chain-lengths being indicative of the site for enzymatic blockade...
May 19, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531131/the-role-of-interleukin-18-oxidative-stress-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
REVIEW
Johanna O Ojala, Elina M Sutinen
The role of interleukins (ILs) and oxidative stress (OS) in precipitating neurodegenerative diseases including sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), requires further clarification. In addition to neuropathological hallmarks-extracellular neuritic amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) containing hyperphosphorylated tau and neuronal loss-chronic inflammation, as well as oxidative and excitotoxic damage, are present in the AD brain. The pathological sequelae and the interaction of these events during the course of AD need further investigation...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528080/toxicological-aspects-of-interesterified-fat-brain-damages-in-rats
#14
Lívia Ferraz D'avila, Verônica Tironi Dias, Luciana Taschetto Vey, Laura Hautrive Milanesi, Karine Roversi, Tatiana Emanuelli, Marilise Escobar Bürger, Fabíola Trevizol, H Luana Maurer
In recent years, interesterified fat (IF) has been used to replace hydrogenated vegetable fat (HVF), rich in trans isomers, being found in processed foods. Studies involving IF have shown deleterious influences on the metabolic system, similarly to HVF, whereas no studies regarding its influence on the central nervous system (CNS) were performed. Rats from first generation born and maintained under supplementation (3g/Kg, p.o.) of soybean-oil or IF until adulthood were assessed on memory, biochemical and molecular markers in the hippocampus...
July 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526925/polyphenolic-extract-attenuates-fatty-acid-induced-steatosis-and-oxidative-stress-in-hepatic-and-endothelial-cells
#15
Laura Vergani, Giulia Vecchione, Francesca Baldini, Elena Grasselli, Adriana Voci, Piero Portincasa, Pier Francesco Ferrari, Bahar Aliakbarian, Alessandro A Casazza, Patrizia Perego
PURPOSE: Phenolic compounds (PC) of virgin olive oil exert several biochemical and pharmacological beneficial effects. Some dietary PC seem to prevent/improve obesity and metabolic-related disorders such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We investigated the possible effects of PC extracted from olive pomace (PEOP) and of the main single molecules present in the extract (tyrosol, apigenin, oleuropein, p-coumaric and caffeic acid) in protecting hepatocytes and endothelial cells against triglyceride accumulation and oxidative stress...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516284/short-chain-acyl-coa-dehydrogenase-deficiency-from-gene-to-cell-pathology-and-possible-disease-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
Zahra Nochi, Rikke Katrine Jentoft Olsen, Niels Gregersen
Short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (SCADD) is an inherited disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation that is characterized by the presence of increased butyrylcarnitine and ethylmalonic acid (EMA) concentrations in plasma and urine. Individuals with symptomatic SCADD may show relatively severe phenotype, while the majority of those who are diagnosed through newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry may remain asymptomatic. As such, the associated clinical symptoms are very diverse, ranging from severe metabolic or neuromuscular disabilities to asymptomatic...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516040/a-newborn-case-with-carnitine-palmitoyltransferase-ii-deficiency-initially-judged-as-unaffected-by-acylcarnitine-analysis-soon-after-birth
#17
Kenji Yamada, Ryosuke Bo, Hironori Kobayashi, Yuki Hasegawa, Mako Ago, Seiji Fukuda, Seiji Yamaguchi, Takeshi Taketani
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT-2) deficiency, an autosomal recessive disorder of fatty acid oxidation, can be detected by newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry (TMS). Our case was a boy born at 38 weeks and 6 days of gestation via normal vaginal delivery; his elder sister was affected with CPT-2 deficiency. Acylcarnitine (AC) was analyzed in both dried blood spots (DBS) and serum 2 h after birth to determine whether the boy was also affected. His C16 and C18:1 AC levels in DBS were in the normal range, while his serum long-chain AC levels were marginally increased but lower than those of his sister...
June 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515471/clinical-and-molecular-investigation-of-14-japanese-patients-with-complete-tfp-deficiency-a-comparison-with-caucasian-cases
#18
Ryosuke Bo, Kenji Yamada, Hironori Kobayashi, Purevsuren Jamiyan, Yuki Hasegawa, Takeshi Taketani, Seiji Fukuda, Ikue Hata, Yo Niida, Yosuke Shigematsu, Kazumoto Iijima, Seiji Yamaguchi
Mitochondrial trifunctional protein (TFP) deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder of mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation. Isolated long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency is often reported in Caucasian countries due to a common mutation. However, the molecular and clinical basis of complete TFP deficiency has not been extensively reported. In this study, 14 Japanese cases (13 families) with complete TFP deficiency, including 9 previously reported cases, were analyzed to clarify the clinical and molecular characteristics of TFP deficiency...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511159/effect-of-apple-polyphenol-concentrate-on-lipid-metabolism-in-rats-under-experimental-insulin-resistance
#19
Andriy L Zagayko, Ganna B Kravchenko, Viktoriia P Fylymonenko, Oksana A Krasilnikova
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is strongly associated with an increased risk of developing insulin resistance as the metabolic indicator of prediabetes and a major risk factor in diabetes mellitus type 2 pathogenesis. Medicinal products obtained from apples can be used as potent prophylactic and therapeutic remedies in treatment of diabetes mellitus. AIM: Experiment was designed to study the effect of total apple polyphenol food concentrate on lipid metabolism under experimental IR...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509906/therapeutic-efficacy-of-atypical-antipsychotic-drugs-by-targeting-multiple-stress-related-metabolic-pathways
#20
H L Cai, P Jiang, Q Y Tan, R L Dang, M M Tang, Y Xue, Y Deng, B K Zhang, P F Fang, P Xu, D X Xiang, H D Li, J K Yao
Schizophrenia (SZ) is considered to be a multifactorial brain disorder with defects involving many biochemical pathways. Patients with SZ show variable responses to current pharmacological treatments of SZ because of the heterogeneity of this disorder. Stress has a significant role in the pathophysiological pathways and therapeutic responses of SZ. Atypical antipsychotic drugs (AAPDs) can modulate the stress response of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and exert therapeutic effects on stress by targeting the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus...
May 16, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
41234
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"