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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823144/factors-impacting-patient-cooperation-during-elective-gastroscopy
#1
Sang Pyo Lee, In-Kyung Sung, Jeong Hwan Kim, Sun-Young Lee, Hyung Seok Park, Chan Sup Shim
Background/Aims: Some people have difficulty tolerating upper endoscopy. The cause of and risk factors for this are not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors involved in poor cooperation during screening upper endoscopy. Methods: A total of 4,422 subjects who underwent a health inspection with upper endoscopy carried out by a single experienced endoscopist were included. We retrospectively investigated subjects' self-reporting questionnaires and medical records, including endoscopic and histologic findings...
August 22, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823132/a-short-term-supranutritional-vitamin-e-supplementation-alleviated-respiratory-alkalosis-but-did-not-reduce-oxidative-stress-in-heat-stressed-pigs
#2
Fan Liu, Pietro Celi, Surinder Singh Chauhan, Jeremy James Cottrell, Brian Joseph Leury, Frank Rowland Dunshea
Objective: Heat stress (HS) triggers oxidative stress and respiratory alkalosis in pigs. The objective of this experiment was to study whether a short-term supranutritional amount of dietary vitamin E (VE) can mitigate oxidative stress and respiratory alkalosis in heat-stressed pigs. Methods: A total of 24 pigs were given either a control diet (17 IU/kg VE) or a high VE (200 IU/kg VE; HiVE) diet for 14 d, then exposed to thermoneutral (TN; 20°C, 45% humidity) or HS (35°C, 35-45% humidity, 8 h daily) conditions for 7 d...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823130/use-of-alternative-curing-salts-for-processing-salamis
#3
Dong-Gyun Yim, Ku-Young Chung, Cheorun Jo, Ki-Chang Nam
Objective: This study was performed to determine effects of different curing salts on the quality of salamis and to assess feasibility of using NaCl-alternative salts. Methods: Various types of curing salts (KCl or MgCl2) as well as NaCl (sun-dried or refined) were incorporated for processing of salamis. The proximate composition, fatty acids, nucleotide-related compounds, and free amino acids of the salamis were analyzed during 40 days of ripening. Results: The substitution of NaCl by KCl caused higher fat and ash content, but lower moisture content of the salami after 20 days of ripening (p<0...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823121/characterization-of-the-porcine-nanog-5-flanking-region
#4
Azra Memon, Ki-Duk Song, Woon Kyu Lee
Objective: Nanog, a homeodomain protein, has been investigated in humans and mice using ESCs. Because of the limited availability of ESCs, few studies have reported the function and role of Nanog in porcine ESCs. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the location of the porcine Nanog chromosome and its basal promoter activity, which might have potential applications in development of ESs specific marker as well as understanding its operating systems in the porcine. Methods: To characterize the porcine Nanog promoter, the 5'-flanking region of Nanog was isolated from cells of mini-pig ears...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823116/outcomes-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-diabetic-patients-age-and-sex-matched-comparison-with-non-diabetic-patients
#6
Chung Hee Baek, Hyosang Kim, Seung Don Baek, Mun Jang, Wonhak Kim, Won Seok Yang, Duck Jong Han, Su-Kil Park
Background/Aims: Kidney transplantation (KT) reportedly provides a significant survival advantage over dialysis in diabetic patients. However, KT outcome in diabetic patients compared with that in non-diabetic patients remains controversial. In addition, owing to recent improvements in the outcomes of KT and management of cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to analyze outcomes of recently performed KT in diabetic patients. Methods: We reviewed all diabetic patients who received living donor KT between January 2008 and December 2011...
August 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823110/erratum-to-ki-67-heterogeneity-in-well-differentiated-gastro-entero-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-when-is-biopsy-reliable-for-grade-assessment
#7
Federica Grillo, Luca Valle, Diego Ferone, Manuela Albertelli, Maria Pia Brisigotti, Giuseppe Cittadini, Alessandro Vanoli, Roberto Fiocca, Luca Mastracci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823109/comparison-of-two-home-sleep-testing-devices-with-different-strategies-for-diagnosis-of-osa
#8
Tyler Gumb, Akosua Twumasi, Shahnaz Alimokhtari, Alan Perez, Kathleen Black, David M Rapoport, Jag Sunderram, Indu Ayappa
PURPOSE: Home sleep testing devices are being widely used in diagnosis/screening for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We examined differences in OSA metrics obtained from two devices with divergent home monitoring strategies, the Apnea Risk Evaluation System (ARES™, multiple signals plus forehead reflectance oximetry) and the Nonin WristOx2™ (single channel finger transmission pulse oximeter), compared to differences from night-night variability of OSA. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two male/26 female subjects (BMI = 30...
August 19, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823106/mitochondrial-outer-membrane-permeabilization-a-focus-on-the-role-of-mitochondrial-membrane-structural-organization
#9
REVIEW
Siti Haji Suhaili, Hamed Karimian, Matthew Stellato, Tzong-Hsien Lee, Marie-Isabel Aguilar
Apoptosis is important in regulating cell death turnover and is mediated by the intrinsic and death receptor-based extrinsic pathways which converge at the mitochondrial outer membrane (MOM) leading to mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization (MOMP). MOMP results in the release of apoptotic proteins that further activate the downstream pathway of apoptosis. Thus, tight regulation of MOMP is crucial in controlling apoptosis, and a lack of control may lead to tissue and organ malformation and the development of cancers...
August 19, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823102/the-etiology-of-primary-hyperhidrosis-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Moshe Hashmonai, Alan E P Cameron, Cliff P Connery, Noel Perin, Peter B Licht
PURPOSE: Primary hyperhidrosis is a pathological disorder of unknown etiology, affecting 0.6-5% of the population, and causing severe functional and social handicaps. As the etiology is unknown, it is not possible to treat the root cause. Recently some differences between affected and non-affected people have been reported. The aim of this review is to summarize these new etiological data. METHODS: Search of the literature was performed in the PubMed/Medline Database and pertinent articles were retrieved and reviewed...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823094/impact-of-insecticides-used-in-soybean-crops-to-the-egg-parasitoid-telenomus-podisi-hymenoptera-platygastridae
#11
C S Stecca, A F Bueno, A Pasini, D M Silva, K Andrade, D M Zirondi Filho
The objective of this study was to evaluate possible side effects of insecticides used in soybean crops on pupae and adults of the egg parasitoid Telenomus podisi Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) under laboratory conditions. The protocol was adapted from standard methodology stablished by the Pesticides and Beneficial Organisms Working Group of the International Organization for Biological and integrated Control (IOBC) for Trichogramma cacoeciae (Marchal) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). All tested benzoylureas, diacylhydrazines, diamides and spinosins as well as pyrethroid beta-cyfluthrin were harmless to T...
August 19, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823089/study-of-photophysical-properties-on-newly-synthesized-coumarin-derivatives
#12
Ashok H Sidarai, Vani R Desai, Shirajahammad M Hunagund, Mahantesha Basanagouda, Jagadish S Kadadevarmath
Herein, we have studied the photophysical properties for three newly synthesized coumarin derivatives; 4-((2,6-dibromo-4-methylphenoxy)methyl)-2H-benzo[h]chromen-2-one (DMB), 4-((3,4-dihydro-6,7-dimethoxyisoquinolin-1-yl)methyl)-6-methyl-2H-chromen-2-one (DIM) and 4-((p-tolyloxy)methyl)-6-methoxy-2H-chromen-2-one (TMC). The absorption and emission spectra for above said molecules were recorded in different solvents at room temperature in order to calculate their ground and excited state dipole moments. The ground (μ g ) and excited state dipole (μ e ) moments of these coumarin derivatives were calculated using Lippert's, Bakshiev's and Kawski-Chamma-Viallet's equations by the solvatochromic shift method, which involves a variation of Stokes shift with the solvent dielectric constant and refractive index...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823088/electrical-signals-triggered-controllable-formation-of-calcium-alginate-film-for-wound-treatment
#13
Xiaoli Liu, Huan Liu, Xue Qu, Miao Lei, Chuchu Zhang, Hua Hong, Gregory F Payne, Changsheng Liu
Wound dressings play important roles in the management of wounds, and calcium cross-linked alginate (Ca(2+)-Alg) is a commonly used hydrogel that is adapted for wound treatment. However, conventional methods for fabricating Ca(2+)-Alg hydrogels can be tedious and difficult to control because of the rapid Ca(2+)-induced gelation of alginate. In this study, An electrodeposition method was used to rapidly and controllably fabricate Ca(2+)-Alg films for wound treatment. Several measures of film growth (e.g., thickness and mass) are shown to linearly correlate to the imposed charge transfer at the electrode...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823081/neck-inspiratory-muscle-activation-patterns-during-well-controlled-inspiration
#14
Sohei Washino, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Yasuhide Yoshitake
PURPOSE: Surprisingly, the activation characteristics of the neck inspiratory muscles as a function of key inspiratory mechanical parameters have yet to be demonstrated experimentally under well-controlled conditions. This study aimed to elucidate the muscle activation patterns of the neck inspiratory muscles by strictly controlling flow rate and lung volume. METHODS: Thirteen healthy subjects matched their inspiratory flow rate at approximately 20-100% of peak flow rate (PFR) as steady as possible during inspiration...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823079/mechanobiological-model-of-arterial-growth-and-remodeling
#15
Maziyar Keshavarzian, Clark A Meyer, Heather N Hayenga
A coupled agent-based model (ABM) and finite element analysis (FEA) computational framework is developed to study the interplay of bio-chemo-mechanical factors in blood vessels and their role in maintaining homeostasis. The agent-based model implements the power of REPAST Simphony libraries and adapts its environment for biological simulations. Coupling a continuum-level model (FEA) to a cellular-level model (ABM) has enabled this computational framework to capture the response of blood vessels to increased or decreased levels of growth factors, proteases and other signaling molecules (on the micro scale) as well as altered blood pressure...
August 19, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823069/current-status-of-cattle-production-system-in-nyagatare-district-rwanda
#16
Eugene Mazimpaka, Francis Mbuza, Tukei Michael, Eugene N Gatari, E M Bukenya, Okwee-Acai James
A study was conducted to characterize the cattle production systems in Nyagatare District, Eastern Province of Rwanda using pre-tested questionnaires, interviews with key informants as well as focus group discussions in a period of 2 months. The respondents were selected by multi-stage sampling at sector and cell levels. Based on the procedure of Krejcie and Morgan (Educational and Psychological Measurement 30:607-610, 1970) to determine the overall sample size, the result indicated that the majority (98.3%) of farms were privately owned by large families of five to seven members, and most farmers (53...
August 19, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823064/preoperative-hypoalbuminemia-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-increased-high-grade-morbidity-after-elective-rectal-cancer-resection
#17
J Hardt, L Pilz, J Magdeburg, P Kienle, S Post, R Magdeburg
PURPOSE: This study investigated the association of preoperative hypoalbuminemia and postoperative complications after elective resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: From September 2009 to December 2014, all patients who underwent elective rectal resection for adenocarcinoma of the rectum were identified using a prospective colorectal cancer database. Hypoalbuminemia was defined as a serum albumin < 35 g/L. Characteristics and outcomes of hypoalbuminemic patients were compared to those of patients with normal albumin levels...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823061/validity-and-reliability-of-the-norwegian-translation-of-the-achilles-tendon-total-rupture-score
#18
Ståle Bergman Myhrvold, Øystein Sandnes, Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken
PURPOSE: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly being used in clinical research. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is a PROM designed to assess outcomes in patients with ruptures of the Achilles tendon. The aim of this study was to develop a Norwegian adaption of the ATRS and evaluate its validity and reliability. METHODS: The ATRS was translated into Norwegian in accordance with recommended guidelines. The study included 94 patients treated for Achilles tendon ruptures from January 2010 until February 2013, and the web-based questionnaires were administered twice...
August 19, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823060/cardiac-death-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-aneurysm-remodeling-and-myocardial-viability-by-gated-99m-tc-mibi-spect-and-gated-18-f-fdg-pet
#19
Weixue Wang, Xiang Li, Congna Tian, Shihua Zhao, Marcus Hacker, Xiaoli Zhang
(1) To evaluate the prognostic value of LV remodeling parameters in patients with LV aneurysm by gated SPECT (GSPECT), gated PET (GPET) and CMR; (2) to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability and LV remodeling on the long-term cardiac survival in patients with LV aneurysm. One hundred and twenty-six consecutive patients underwent GPET, GSPECT and CMR within two weeks, with a mean follow-up of 3.9 ± 1.5 years. End-diastolic volume (EDV, mL) and end-systolic volume (ESV, mL) measured by GPET, GSPECT and CMR and corrected for BSA; EDVI and ESVI were calculated...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823059/influence-of-dextrins-on-the-production-of-spiramycin-and-impurity-components-by-streptomyces-ambofaciens
#20
Kaiya Yao, Shuhong Gao, Yanjie Wu, Zhen Zhao, Wen Wang, Quangui Mao
Spiramycin is a 16-membered macrolide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces ambofaciens and used in human medicine for the treatment of various respiratory tract and genital infections. Several impurities were detected in spiramycin-fermentation broth, especially impurities D and F, which decreased the separation-extraction yield and increased production cost. Dextrins, as the main carbon source, influence the accumulation of spiramycin and impurities. In this work, two types of dextrin from vendor Y and Z were compared to study their influences on spiramycin production...
August 19, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
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