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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529274/pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-labial-gland-characterized-by-reticular-pattern-of-myoepithelial-cells-in-a-dog
#1
Mizuki Kuramochi, Takeshi Izawa, Shin Nishimura, Terumasa Shimada, Mitsuru Kuwamura, Jyoji Yamate
An 11-year-old female golden retriever dog had a mass at the right corner of the upper lip, which gradually increased in size and protruded into the oral cavity. The mass was removed surgically. The cut surface of the mass was smooth, whitish and solid, and covered by the oral mucosal membrane. Histopathologically, the mass consisted mainly of reticular pattern of short spindle cells that stained positively for cytokeratin AE1/AE3, α-smooth muscle actin and p63, suggestive of a myoepithelial cell phenotype...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521804/sero-prevalence-of-virus-neutralizing-antibodies-for-rabies-in-different-groups-of-dogs-following-vaccination
#2
R M S Pimburage, M Gunatilake, O Wimalaratne, A Balasuriya, K A D N Perera
BACKGROUND: Mass vaccination of dogs is considered fundamental for national rabies control programmes in Sri Lanka, as dog is the main reservoir and transmitter of the disease. METHODS: Dogs were followed to determine the sero-prevalence of antibodies to the rabies virus. Altogether 510 previously vaccinated and unvaccinated dogs with owners (domestic dogs) and dogs without owners (stray dogs) of the local guard dog breed in different age groups recruited from Kalutara District, Sri Lanka...
May 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517942/cognitive-bias-and-paw-preference-in-the-domestic-dog-canis-familiaris
#3
Deborah L Wells, Peter G Hepper, Adam D S Milligan, Shanis Barnard
Limb use, an indicator of hemispheric functioning, may be a useful predictor of cognitive bias and hence vulnerability to welfare risk. The relationship between cognitive bias and motor asymmetry, however, has been subject to little investigation. This study explored the association between motor asymmetry and cognitive bias in the domestic dog, a species that displays lateral bias in the form of paw preferences and exhibits positive and negative affective states. Thirty pet dogs had their paw preferences assessed using the Kong ball test...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508467/keratitis-due-to-microfilariae-in-dogs-a-newly-recognized-disease
#4
Adriana Morales, Eduardo Perlmann, Aline Nayara Vechiato Abelha, Carlos Emilio Levy, Ana Carolina Almeida de Goes, Angélica M V Safatle
Parasitic agents have been associated with keratitis, but a diagnosis of parasitic keratitis has not been commonly made in domestic animals. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical and histopathological findings in seven dogs with chronic keratitis caused by microfilariae diagnosed in Brazil. All dogs presented with superficial corneal opacities of varying degrees affecting the perilimbal and central regions of the cornea, with other opaque areas appearing as crystalline deposits and corneal vascularization...
May 15, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508126/what-s-the-point-golden-and-labrador-retrievers-living-in-kennels-do-not-understand-human-pointing-gestures
#5
Biagio D'Aniello, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Scandurra, Emanuele Petremolo, Maria Rosaria Iommelli, Massimo Aria
In many studies that have investigated whether dogs' capacities to understand human pointing gestures are aspects of evolutionary or developmental social competences, family-owned dogs have been compared to shelter dogs. However, for most of these studies, the origins of shelter dogs were unknown. Some shelter dogs may have lived with families before entering shelters, and from these past experiences, they may have learned to understand human gestures. Furthermore, there is substantial variation in the methodology and analytic approaches used in such studies (e...
May 15, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506045/serological-and-molecular-detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-babesia-microti-in-the-blood-of-rescued-wild-animals-in-gangwon-do-province-korea
#6
Sung-Hee Hong, Hee-Jong Kim, Young-Il Jeong, Shin-Hyeong Cho, Won-Ja Lee, Jong-Tak Kim, Sang-Eun Lee
Infections of Toxoplasma gondii and Babesia microti are reported in many wild animals worldwide, but information on their incidence and molecular detection in Korean wild fields is limited. In this study, the prevalence of T. gondii and B. microti infection in blood samples of 5 animal species (37 Chinese water deer, 23 raccoon dogs, 6 roe deer, 1 wild boar, and 3 Eurasian badgers) was examined during 2008-2009 in Gangwon-do (Province), the Republic of Korea (=Korea) by using serological and molecular tests...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505349/decline-of-ecological-functions-performed-by-dung-beetles-in-areas-of-atlantic-forest-and-contribution-of-rollers-and-tunnellers-in-organic-matter-removal
#7
M Batilani-Filho, M I M Hernandez
The feeding behavior of the Scarabaeinae subfamily has positive implications on ecosystem functioning. We characterize the necrophagous and coprophagous dung beetle assemblages, and we quantify the removal of swine carrion and domestic dog dung in two areas with different degrees of environmental disturbance in an Atlantic Forest remnant located in Florianopolis, SC, Brazil. The experiment was setup at eight sampling points in each area, by installing one control and two collection and removal assessment arenas for collecting necrophagous dung beetles while simultaneously evaluating the removal of carrion (50 g of rotting pork for 48 h)...
May 12, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504098/first-molecular-detection-of-dirofilaria-immitis-spirurida-onchocercidae-infection-in-dogs-from-northern-algeria
#8
Djamel Tahir, Hanane Damene, Bernard Davoust, Philippe Parola
Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens are mosquito-borne filarioid nematodes that affect dogs and other domestic and wild carnivores, causing heartworm disease and subcutaneous dirofilariosis, respectively. In Algeria, the data about the epidemiology of these infections is largely unknown. The present study was designed to establish the occurrence of D. immitis and D. repens in dogs in Algeria using molecular tools. In 2014 and 2015, a total of 209 dogs over one year of age of different breed and sex, living in Northern Algeria, were examined and blood samples were collected from each dog...
April 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493759/-characterizing-autism-relevant-social-behavior-in-poodles-canis-familiaris-via-owner-report-correction-to-zamzow-et-al-2017
#9
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Characterizing Autism-Relevant Social Behavior in Poodles via Owner Report" by Rachel M. Zamzow, Lisa Lit, Shelley Hamilton and David Q. Beversdorf (Journal of Comparative Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Mar 13, 2017, np). In the article, the scientific name for the species was missing in the title. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-11247-001.) Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social communication and the presence of restricted, repetitive behaviors...
May 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493036/life-cycle-of-amblyomma-oblongoguttatum-acari-ixodidae-under-laboratory-conditions
#10
Thiago F Martins, Hermes R Luz, João Luiz H Faccini, Marcelo B Labruna
This study evaluated for the first time the life cycle of Amblyomma oblongoguttatum in the laboratory. For this purpose, larvae and nymphs were exposed to Gallus gallus (chicks), Rattus norvegicus (wistar rat), Calomys callosus (vesper mouse), Oryctolagus cuniculus (domestic rabbit), Cavia porcellus (guinea pig), and Didelphis albiventris (white-eared opossum). Nymphs were exposed to G. gallus, C. callosus, C. porcellus, O. cuniculus, R. norvegicus, and Nectomys squamipes (water rat). Adult ticks were exposed to domestic dogs...
May 10, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492975/practice-makes-perfect-familiarity-of-task-determines-success-in-solvable-tasks-for-free-ranging-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris
#11
Debottam Bhattacharjee, Sandipan Dasgupta, Arpita Biswas, Jayshree Deheria, Shreya Gupta, N Nikhil Dev, Monique Udell, Anindita Bhadra
Domestic dogs' (Canis lupus familiaris) socio-cognitive faculties have made them highly sensitive to human social cues. While dogs often excel at understanding human communicative gestures, they perform comparatively poorly in problem-solving and physical reasoning tasks. This difference in their behaviour could be due to the lifestyle and intense socialization, where problem solving and physical cognition are less important than social cognition. Free-ranging dogs live in human-dominated environments, not under human supervision and are less socialized...
May 10, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491458/caecocolic-intussusception-associated-with-a-caecal-polyp-and-concurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-cat
#12
Lara Boland, Scott Lindsay, Laurencie Brunel, Juan Podadera, Peter Bennett
CASE SUMMARY: A 17-year-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat presented for several days of reduced faecal volume and a rectal prolapse. Physical examination revealed a 2 cm rectal prolapse, hepatomegaly and a low body condition score of 3/9. Haematology and biochemistry revealed a mild non-regenerative anaemia (haematocrit 24.5%; reference interval [RI] 30.3-52.3%), a mild mature neutrophilia (16.21 × 10(9)/l; RI 1.48-10.29 × 10(9)/l) and a mild increase in alanine aminotransferase activity (222 IU/l; RI 12-130 IU/l)...
January 2017: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484147/the-presence-of-tick-borne-diseases-in-domestic-dogs-and-cats-living-on-iriomote-jima-and-tsushima-islands
#13
Mao Jikuya, Morihiro Tateno, Masashi Takahashi, Yasuyuki Endo
The Iriomote cat and Tsushima leopard cat are endangered wildcats in Japan and inhabit only Iriomote-jima and Tsushima islands, respectively. Domestic dogs and cats living on Iriomote-jima and Tsushima islands were surveyed to clarify the interrelationship between wildcats and domestic animals regarding tick-borne disease transmission. Pathogen-derived DNA in blood samples was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Babesia gibsoni was detected in dogs of Iriomote-jima, and Hepatozoon felis and hemoplasmas were detected in domestic cats of Tsushima...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483442/molecular-detection-and-genomic-characterization-of-torque-teno-canis-virus-in-domestic-dogs-in-guangxi-province-china
#14
Wenchao Sun, Changzhan Xie, Cao Liang, Min Zheng, Guanyu Zhao, Ping Zhang, Jicheng Han, Jie Jing, Shubo Wen, Pengpeng Xiao, Zhuodong Cui, Jinyong Zhang, Jingqiang Ren, Hao Liu, Huijun Lu, Ningyi Jin
The Torque teno canis virus (TTCaV) is a small virus with circular single-stranded DNA that has been reported to cause infections in dogs. The present study aimed to identify the presence of TTCaV in blood samples obtained from domestic dogs, and examine its diversity and evolution of the genomes. Five strains of TTCaV were detected, and the overall prevalence was found to be 7% (28/400). Phylogenetic analysis showed that the five genomes were closely clustered with the previously known Cf-TTV10 and LDL strains and formed a Thetatorque virus...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479064/detection-of-a-novel-putative-phlebovirus-and-first-isolation-of-dugbe-virus-from-ticks-in-accra-ghana
#15
Daisuke Kobayashi, Mitsuko Ohashi, Joseph H N Osei, Esinam Agbosu, Millicent Opoku, Alfred Agbekudzi, Joannitta Joannides, Ryosuke Fujita, Toshinori Sasaki, J H Kofi Bonney, Samuel Dadzie, Haruhiko Isawa, Kyoko Sawabe, Nobuo Ohta
Ticks are ectoparasites that transmit various types of human and animal pathogens. In particular, emerging and re-emerging diseases caused by tick-borne viruses are public health concerns around the world. However, in many countries of the sub-Saharan African region, epidemiological information on tick-borne viral infections is limited, and their prevalence and distribution remain largely unknown. In this study, we conducted surveillance on ticks to detect medically important tick-borne bunyaviruses in three study sites in and near to Accra, the capital city of Ghana, in 2015...
April 23, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472096/a-bayesian-spatio-temporal-model-for-forecasting-the-prevalence-of-antibodies-to-borrelia-burgdorferi-causative-agent-of-lyme-disease-in-domestic-dogs-within-the-contiguous-united-states
#16
Stella C Watson, Yan Liu, Robert B Lund, Jenna R Gettings, Shila K Nordone, Christopher S McMahan, Michael J Yabsley
This paper models the prevalence of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in domestic dogs in the United States using climate, geographic, and societal factors. We then use this model to forecast the prevalence of antibodies to B. burgdorferi in dogs for 2016. The data available for this study consists of 11,937,925 B. burgdorferi serologic test results collected at the county level within the 48 contiguous United States from 2011-2015. Using the serologic data, a baseline B. burgdorferi antibody prevalence map was constructed through the use of spatial smoothing techniques after temporal aggregation; i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467751/rabies-surveillance-in-the-united-states-during-2015
#17
Meseret G Birhane, Julie M Cleaton, Ben P Monroe, Ashutosh Wadhwa, Lillian A Orciari, Pamela Yager, Jesse Blanton, Andres Velasco-Villa, Brett W Petersen, Ryan M Wallace
OBJECTIVE To describe rabies and rabies-related events occurring during 2015 in the United States. DESIGN Observational study based on passive surveillance data. ANIMALS All animals submitted for rabies testing in the United States during 2015. PROCEDURES State and territorial public health programs provided data on animals submitted for rabies testing in 2015. Data were analyzed temporally and geographically to assess trends in domestic and sylvatic animal rabies cases. RESULTS During 2015, 50 states and Puerto Rico reported 5,508 rabid animals to the CDC, representing an 8...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460797/one-health-solutions-to-obesity-in-people-and-their-pets
#18
REVIEW
J Bartges, R F Kushner, K E Michel, R Sallis, M J Day
Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in the human and companion animal populations, and the global trends for increasing numbers of affected people and pets, there are few successful interventions that are proven to combat this complex multifactorial problem. One key strategy involves effective communication between human and veterinary healthcare professionals with patients and clients about obesity. In human healthcare, the focus of communication should be on physical activity as part of overall health and wellbeing, rather than assessment of the body mass index; clinical examination of patients should record levels of physical activity as a key 'vital sign' as part of their assessment...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458276/anaplastic-large-t-cell-lymphoma-in-three-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#19
Isao Matsumoto, James Kenn Chambers, Yasutsugu Miwa, Hiroyuki Nakayama, Kazuyuki Uchida
Anaplastic large T cell lymphoma (ALTCL) is rarely reported in domestic animals. Accordingly, the histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of ALTCL have not been well established in prairie dogs. The present report documents three cases in which prairie dogs were diagnosed with ALTCL arising in the subcutaneous tissue, oral mucosa or the mesenteric lymph nodes. Of the three cases, one was available for necropsy and the others were biopsy cases. Microscopically, moderate to large, pleomorphic neoplastic lymphocytes with ovoid to polygonal, bizarre-shaped nuclei, abundant cytoplasm and eosinophilic granules were seen in all cases...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451589/rabies-vaccination-targets-for-stray-dog-populations
#20
Tiffany Leung, Stephen A Davis
The role of stray dogs in the persistence of domestic dog rabies, and whether removal of such dogs is beneficial, remains contentious issues for control programs seeking to eliminate rabies. While a community might reach the WHO vaccination target of 70% for dogs that can be handled, the stray or neighborhood dogs that are too wary of humans to be held are a more problematic population to vaccinate. Here, we present a method to estimate vaccination targets for stray dogs when the dog population is made up of stray, free-roaming, and confined dogs, where the latter two types are considered to have an identifiable owner...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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