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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097684/feeding-asian-pangolins-an-assessment-of-current-diets-fed-in-institutions-worldwide
#1
Francis Cabana, Amy Plowman, Thai Van Nguyen, Shih-Chien Chin, Sung-Lin Wu, Hsuan-Yi Lo, Hirofumi Watabe, Fujio Yamamoto
Pangolins are ant specialists which are under intense threat from the illegal wildlife trade. Nutrition has notoriously been their downfall in captivity and is still an issue in regards to rescue and rehabilitation. We analyzed the nutrient content of diets used by institutions that are successfully keeping Asian pangolins and to assess the variety of the ingredients and nutrients, compared these with the nutritional requirements of potential nutritional model species. We performed intake studies at five institutions and also had data from three other institutions...
January 18, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097286/-pain-therapy-in-small-pets
#2
Sabine Tacke, Andrea Gollwitzer, Lukas Grammel, Julia Henke
Although many advances in pain therapy have been made in recent years, pain therapy is more difficult in the small domestic animal than in cats and dogs. However, there is the ethical obligation that these animals also receive adequate pain therapy. An analgesic is rarely authorized for use in small pets, with pharmacological investigations often lacking and dosages frequently only determined empirically. The small size of the animals often requires a higher dose per kilogram bodyweight compared to cats and dogs...
January 17, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096863/seroepidemiological-study-of-toxocariasis-in-the-owners-of-domestic-cats-and-dogs-in-mashhad-northeastern-iran
#3
Fariba Berenji, Ali Pouryousef, Abdolmajid Fata, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Maryam Salehi, Javad Khoshnegah
BACKGROUND: Toxocariasis is the clinical terms applied to infection of human with Ascarid nematodes in the order Ascaridida, named Toxocara canis and T. cati. Because in recent years in Iran many people desire to keep pets (cats and dogs), and lacking of seroepidemiological study of toxocariasis in Mashhad, we decided to determine the seroprevalence of toxocariasis among people who own cats and dogs in comparison with control group. METHODS: A serological study for detection antibodies to Toxocara in two groups (93 cat and dog owners and 93 healthy people as control group) was conducted from Feb 2013 to Dec 2013...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096853/microsporidial-spores-in-fecal-samples-of-some-domesticated-animals-living-in-giza-egypt
#4
Ahmad Z Al-Herrawy, Mahmoud A Gad
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present work was to investigate the prevalence and species of intestinal microsporidiosis among animals in Giza, Egypt. METHODS: A total of 869 animal fecal samples were collected from domesticated animals (dogs, cats, rabbits, cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, donkeys and pigs) living in Giza, Egypt. Spores of microsporidia were concentrated from collected samples by centrifugation and finally stained with modified trichrome (MT) stain to detect microsporidial spores...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095666/epidemiological-investigation-of-asymptomatic-dogs-with-leishmania-infection-in-southwestern-china-where-visceral-leishmaniasis-is-intractable
#5
Gui-Hua Zhao, Kun Yin, Wei-Xia Zhong, Ting Xiao, Qing-Kuan Wei, Yong Cui, Gong-Zhen Liu, Chao Xu, Hong-Fa Wang
Heishui county, located in northwest Sichuan province, southwestern China, is an endemic area of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and is the most intractable area. VL is never destroyed in it. Asymptomatic dogs (Leishmania parasites have been diagnosed but clinically healthy) are considered to be a potential reservoir host in zoonotic VL area, and most can lead to infection of individuals, that is a new challenge for controlling VL in humans. The present study aimed to assess the Leishmania infection rate of asymptomatic dogs in Heishui county...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095654/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-intestinal-trichomonads-in-pet-dogs-in-east-china
#6
Wen-Chao Li, Kai Wang, Wei Zhang, Jingjing Wu, You-Fang Gu, Xi-Chen Zhang
The trichomonad species Tritrichomonas foetus and Pentatrichomonas hominis were recently detected in the feces of dogs with diarrhea. However, little information is available on the prevalence and pathogenicity of these parasites in the canine population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and molecular characterization of trichomonads infecting pet dogs in Anhui and Zhejiang provinces, east China. In total, 315 pet dogs, with or without diarrhea, from 7 pet hospitals were included in this epidemiological survey...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088247/first-molecular-identification-of-echinococcus-vogeli-and-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-g1-revealed-in-feces-of-domestic-dogs-canis-familiaris-from-acre-brazil
#7
Leandro Batista das Neves, Paulo Eduardo Ferlini Teixeira, Sidnei Silva, Fernanda Bittencourt de Oliveira, Daniel Daipert Garcia, Fernanda Barbosa de Almeida, Rosângela Rodrigues-Silva, José Roberto Machado-Silva
BACKGROUND: Echinococcus granulosus (sensu lato) (s.l.) and Echinococcus vogeli are causative agents of chronic zoonotic diseases such as cystic and polycystic echinococcosis, respectively. In Brazil, polycystic echinococcosis has a restricted geographical distribution in the North Region, while cystic echinococcosis is observed in the South Region. Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) fed with raw viscera represent a risk factor for E. granulosus (s.l.) infection in the South Region. Although this practice is frequent, it remains unclear whether domestic dogs are infected with E...
January 14, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080908/antidog-igg-secondary-antibody-successfully-detects-igg-in-a-variety-of-aquatic-mammals
#8
Katherine Roehl, Mark Jankowski, Erik Hofmeister
Serological tests play an important role in the detection of wildlife diseases. However, while there are many commercial assays and reagents available for domestic species, there is a need to develop efficient serological assays for wildlife. In recent years, marine mammals have represented a wildlife group with emerging infectious diseases, such as influenza, brucellosis, and leptospirosis. However, with the exception of disease-agent-specific assays or functional assays, few reports describe the use of antibody detection assays in marine mammals...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079628/interleukin-6-is-increased-in-plasma-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-community-dwelling-domestic-dogs-with-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#9
Hanne Gredal, Barbara B Thomsen, Antonio Boza-Serrano, Laurent Garosi, Clare Rusbridge, Daniel Anthony, Arne Møller, Bente Finsen, Tomas Deierborg, Kate L Lambertsen, Mette Berendt
Inflammatory cytokines are potential modulators of infarct progression in acute ischaemic stroke, and are therefore possible targets for future treatment strategies. Cytokine studies in animal models of surgically induced stroke may, however, be influenced by the fact that the surgical intervention itself contributes towards the cytokine response. Community-dwelling domestic dogs suffer from spontaneous ischaemic stroke, and therefore, offer the opportunity to study the cytokine response in a noninvasive set-up...
January 10, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074403/commensal-in-conflict-livestock-depredation-patterns-by-free-ranging-domestic-dogs-in-the-upper-spiti-landscape-himachal-pradesh-india
#10
Chandrima Home, Ranjana Pal, Rishi Kumar Sharma, Kulbhushansingh R Suryawanshi, Yash Veer Bhatnagar, Abi Tamim Vanak
In human-populated landscapes worldwide, domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are the most abundant terrestrial carnivore. Although dogs have been used for the protection of livestock from wild carnivores, they have also been implicated as predators of livestock. We used a combination of methods (field surveys, interview surveys, and data from secondary sources) to examine the patterns and factors driving livestock depredation by free-ranging dogs, as well as economic losses to local communities in a Trans-Himalayan agro-pastoralist landscape in India...
January 10, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070591/-the-importance-of-conservation-of-rare-domestic-animal-breeds-using-the-example-of-arc-warder
#11
Kai Frölich, Anabell Jandowsky
The domestic animals descend from various wild ancestors. Thus, for example, of the wolf, the dog (15  000 BC), of the Bezoar goat the goat (10  000 BC), of the Asian mouflon the sheep (10  000 BC), of the wild boar the pig (8000 BC) and of the aurochs the cattle (7000 BC). Domestication has dramatically changed our culture and led to a great diversity of animal breeds. This is a unique cultural and historical treasure, which we have to preserve for future generations. The zoological park Arc Warder is Europe's largest center for rare and endangered domestic animal breeds...
January 10, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058543/genomic-profiling-of-canine-mast-cell-tumors-identifies-dna-copy-number-aberrations-associated-with-kit-mutations-and-high-histological-grade
#12
Hiroyuki Mochizuki, Rachael Thomas, Scott Moroff, Matthew Breen
Mast cell tumor (MCT) is the most common skin malignancy of domestic dogs and presents with a widely variable clinical behavior. Although activating KIT mutations are present in approximately 20% of canine MCTs, molecular etiology is largely unknown for the majority of this cancer. Characterization of genomic alterations in canine MCTs may identify genomic regions and/or genes responsible for their development and progression, facilitating the discovery of new therapeutic targets and improved clinical management of this heterogeneous cancer...
January 5, 2017: Chromosome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043379/use-of-a-commercial-serologic-test-for-angiostrongylus-vasorum-for-the-detection-of-a-chabaudi-in-wildcats-and-a-daskalovi-in-badgers
#13
Georgiana Deak, Călin Mircea Gherman, Angela Monica Ionică, Aikaterini Alexandra Daskalaki, Ioana Adriana Matei, Gianluca D'Amico, Cristian Domşa, Nikola Pantchev, Andrei Daniel Mihalca, Vasile Cozma
Three species of the genus Angiostrongylus are known to infect European carnivores: A. vasorum (mainly in canids but also in other carnivores), A. chabaudi (in felids) and A. daskalovi (in mustelids). A. vasorum is responsible for clinically severe disease in domestic dogs, most commonly diagnosed based on fecal examination and serological detection of circulating antigens. Considering the poorly known host range and the challenging larval differentiation in the feces between the three species of Angiostrongylus infecting European carnivores, our aim was to evaluate the cross-reactivity of A...
January 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034839/selection-signature-in-domesticated-animals
#14
Pan Zhangyuan, He Xiaoyun, Wang Xiangyu, Guo Xiaofei, Cao Xiaohan, Hu Wenping, Di Ran, Liu Qiuyue, Chu Mingxing
Domesticated animals play an important role in the life of humanity. All these domesticated animals undergo same process, first domesticated from wild animals, then after long time natural and artificial selection, formed various breeds that adapted to the local environment and human needs. In this process, domestication, natural and artificial selection will leave the selection signal in the genome. The research on these selection signals can find functional genes directly, is one of the most important strategies in screening functional genes...
December 20, 2016: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032106/canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-wild-canines-fox-jackal-and-wolf-in-northeastern-iran-using-parasitological-serological-and-molecular-methods
#15
Mehdi Mohebali, Kourosh Arzamani, Zabiholah Zarei, Behnaz Akhoundi, Homa Hajjaran, Saber Raeghi, Zahra Heidari, Seyed Mousa Motavalli-Haghi, Samira Elikaee, Ahmad Mousazadeh-Mojarrad, Zahra Kakoei
BACKGROUND: Although many studies had been conducted on various aspects of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) in domestic dogs in the endemic areas of Iran, investigations on CVL in wild canines are rare. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2012 to 2013 in northeast of Iran where human VL is endemic. Wild canines were trapped around the areas where human VL cases had been previously identified. Wild canines were collected and examined both clinically and serologically using direct agglutination test (DAT)...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018628/amy2b-copy-number-variation-reveals-starch-diet-adaptations-in-ancient-european-dogs
#16
Morgane Ollivier, Anne Tresset, Fabiola Bastian, Laetitia Lagoutte, Erik Axelsson, Maja-Louise Arendt, Adrian Bălăşescu, Marjan Marshour, Mikhail V Sablin, Laure Salanova, Jean-Denis Vigne, Christophe Hitte, Catherine Hänni
Extant dog and wolf DNA indicates that dog domestication was accompanied by the selection of a series of duplications on the Amy2B gene coding for pancreatic amylase. In this study, we used a palaeogenetic approach to investigate the timing and expansion of the Amy2B gene in the ancient dog populations of Western and Eastern Europe and Southwest Asia. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to estimate the copy numbers of this gene for 13 ancient dog samples, dated to between 15 000 and 4000 years before present (cal...
November 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012903/multiple-host-pathogens-in-domestic-hunting-dogs-in-nicaragua-s-bosaw%C3%A3-s-biosphere-reserve
#17
Christine V Fiorello, Mary H Straub, Laura M Schwartz, James Liu, Amanda Campbell, Alexa K Kownacki, Janet E Foley
Nicaragua's Bosawás Biosphere Reserve is a vast forested area inhabited largely by indigenous Mayangna and Miskitu people. Most Bosawás residents rely on subsistence hunting and swidden agriculture, and hunting dogs are important for finding and securing wild game. We investigated the health of hunting dogs in three communities differing in location, size, and economy. Dogs in all communities were nutritionally compromised and experienced a heavy burden of disease. Seroprevalence of canine distemper, canine parvovirus, Rickettsia rickettsii, and Leptospira spp...
December 21, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008543/visual-perception-in-domestic-dogs-susceptibility-to-the-ebbinghaus-titchener-and-delboeuf-illusions
#18
Sarah-Elizabeth Byosiere, Lynna C Feng, Jessica K Woodhead, Nicholas J Rutter, Philippe A Chouinard, Tiffani J Howell, Pauleen C Bennett
Susceptibility to geometrical visual illusions has been tested in a number of non-human animal species, providing important information about how these species perceive their environment. Considering their active role in human lives, visual illusion susceptibility was tested in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). Using a two-choice simultaneous discrimination paradigm, eight dogs were trained to indicate which of two presented circles appeared largest. These circles were then embedded in three different illusory displays; a classical display of the Ebbinghaus-Titchener illusion; an illusory contour version of the Ebbinghaus-Titchener illusion; and the classical display of the Delboeuf illusion...
December 22, 2016: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002432/task-differences-and-prosociality-investigating-pet-dogs-prosocial-preferences-in-a-token-choice-paradigm
#19
Rachel Dale, Mylène Quervel-Chaumette, Ludwig Huber, Friederike Range, Sarah Marshall-Pescini
Prosociality has received increasing interest by non-human animal researchers since the initial discoveries that suggested it is not a uniquely human trait. However, thus far studies, even within the same species, have not garnered conclusive results. A prominent suggestion for this disparity is the effect methodology can have on prosocial responses in animals. We recently found evidence of prosociality in domestic dogs towards familiar conspecifics using a bar-pulling paradigm, in which a subject could pull a rope to deliver food to its partner...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999956/do-domestic-dogs-canis-lupus-familiaris-perceive-the-delboeuf-illusion
#20
Maria Elena Miletto Petrazzini, Angelo Bisazza, Christian Agrillo
In the last decade, visual illusions have been repeatedly used as a tool to compare visual perception among species. Several studies have investigated whether non-human primates perceive visual illusions in a human-like fashion, but little attention has been paid to other mammals, and sensitivity to visual illusions has been never investigated in the dog. Here, we studied whether domestic dogs perceive the Delboeuf illusion. In human and non-human primates, this illusion creates a misperception of item size as a function of its surrounding context...
December 20, 2016: Animal Cognition
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