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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635545/current-asthma-respiratory-symptoms-and-airway-infections-among-students-in-relation-to-the-school-and-home-environment-in-japan
#1
Motoko Takaoka, Kyoko Suzuki, Dan Norbäck
OBJECTIVE: To study associations between the school and home environment and current asthma, respiratory symptoms and airway infections among Japanese students. METHODS: Japanese students (12-15 y) (N = 1048) in four schools responded to a questionnaire on respiratory health, allergy and the home environment. Temperature, relative air humidity (RH) and student density (students/m(2) floor area) was measured in the classrooms: dust was collected from floors and in classroom air and analysed for cat (Fel d 1) and dog (Can f 1) allergens...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633666/molecular-detection-of-vector-borne-pathogens-in-dogs-and-cats-from-qatar
#2
Ana Margarida Alho, Clara Lima, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Vito Colella, Silvia Ravagnan, Gioia Capelli, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Luís Cardoso, Domenico Otranto
BACKGROUND: Vector-borne diseases (VBDs) have been increasingly reported in dogs and cats worldwide. However, no data are currently available regarding canine and feline VBDs in Qatar and limited information is available from other Persian Gulf countries. METHODS: Blood samples from 98 client-owned animals (i.e. 64 dogs and 34 cats) living in Doha (Qatar) were collected and the presence of genomic DNA of Anaplasma spp., Babesia spp., Dirofilaria spp., Ehrlichia spp...
June 20, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627433/comparison-of-g-protein-sequences-of-south-african-street-rabies-viruses-showing-distinct-progression-of-the-disease-in-a-mouse-model-of-experimental-rabies
#3
Wonhyo Seo, Alexandre Servat, Florence Cliquet, Jenkins Akinbowale, Christophe Prehaud, Monique Lafon, Claude Sabeta
Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease and infections generally lead to a fatal encephalomyelitis in both humans and animals. In South Africa, domestic (dogs) and the wildlife (yellow mongoose) host species maintain the canid and mongoose rabies variants respectively. In this study, pathogenicity differences of South African canid and mongoose rabies viruses were investigated in a murine model, by assessing the progression of clinical signs and survivorship. Comparison of glycoprotein gene sequences revealed amino acid differences that may underpin the observed pathogenicity differences...
June 13, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627206/investigation-on-the-endemic-characteristics-of-metorchis-orientalisin-huainan-area-china
#4
Xiaodong Zhan, Chaopin Li, Hua Wu, Entao Sun, Yuxia Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the endemic characteristics of Metorchis orientalis (M. orientalis)in the Huainan area, Anhui province, China. METHODS: The first-intermediate host, second-intermediate host and reservoir hosts were collected, and the endemic characteristics of M. orientalis were examined through field investigation and artificial infection. RESULTS: Investigation was completed in 89 domestic ducks, 156 domestic chicken, 41 domestic geese, 20 domestic cats and 19 dogs...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620610/molecular-detection-of-tick-borne-pathogen-diversities-in-ticks-from-livestock-and-reptiles-along-the-shores-and-adjacent-islands-of-lake-victoria-and-lake-baringo-kenya
#5
David Omondi, Daniel K Masiga, Burtram C Fielding, Edward Kariuki, Yvonne Ukamaka Ajamma, Micky M Mwamuye, Daniel O Ouso, Jandouwe Villinger
Although diverse tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) are endemic to East Africa, with recognized impact on human and livestock health, their diversity and specific interactions with tick and vertebrate host species remain poorly understood in the region. In particular, the role of reptiles in TBP epidemiology remains unknown, despite having been implicated with TBPs of livestock among exported tortoises and lizards. Understanding TBP ecologies, and the potential role of common reptiles, is critical for the development of targeted transmission control strategies for these neglected tropical disease agents...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619170/seroprevalence-for-norovirus-genogroup-ii-iv-and-vi-in-dogs
#6
Barbara Di Martino, Federica Di Profio, Irene Melegari, Vittorio Sarchese, Ivano Massirio, Giuseppe Palermo, Giovanni Romito, Eleonora Lorusso, Gianvito Lanave, Livia Bodnar, Canio Buonavoglia, Fulvio Marsilio, Kim Y Green, Vito Martella
Molecular and serological data suggest that noroviruses (NoVs) might be transmitted between humans and domestic carnivores. In this study we screened an age-stratified collection of canine sera (n=516) by using an ELISA assay based on virus-like particles (VLPs) of human NoVs GII.4 and GIV.1 and carnivore NoVs GIV.2 and GVI.2. Antibodies against GII.4 and GIV.1 human NoVs and GIV.2 and GVI.2 NoVs from carnivores were identified in dog sera (13.0%, 67/516) suggesting their exposure to homologous and heterologous NoVs...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616506/the-hookworm-ancylostoma-ceylanicum-an-emerging-public-health-risk-in-australian-tropical-rainforests-and-indigenous-communities
#7
Felicity A Smout, Lee F Skerratt, James R A Butler, Christopher N Johnson, Bradley C Congdon, R C Andrew Thompson
Ancylostoma ceylanicum is the common hookworm of domestic dogs and cats throughout Asia, and is an emerging but little understood public health risk in tropical northern Australia. We investigated the prevalence of A. ceylanicum in soil and free-ranging domestic dogs at six rainforest locations in Far North Queensland that are Indigenous Australian communities and popular tourist attractions within the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. By combining PCR-based techniques with traditional methods of hookworm species identification, we found the prevalence of hookworm in Indigenous community dogs was high (96...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616485/evidence-of-canine-parvovirus-transmission-to-a-civet-cat-paradoxurus-musangus-in-singapore
#8
Ian H Mendenhall, Dolyce Low, Erica Sena Neves, Ali Anwar, Serena Oh, Yvonne C F Su, Gavin J D Smith
Cross-species transmission can often lead to deleterious effects in incidental hosts. Parvoviruses have a wide host range and primarily infect members of the order Carnivora. Here we describe juvenile common palm civet cats (Paradoxurus musangus) that were brought to the Singapore zoo and fell ill while quarantined. The tissues of two individual civets that died tested PCR-positive for parvovirus infection. Phylogenetic analysis revealed this parvovirus strain falls in a basal position to a clade of CPV that have infected dogs in China and Uruguay, suggesting cross-species transmission from domestic to wild animals...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613324/a-fusion-of-minicircle-dna-and-nanoparticle-delivery-technologies-facilitates-therapeutic-genetic-engineering-of-autologous-canine-olfactory-mucosal-cells
#9
Alexander M Delaney, Christopher F Adams, Alinda R Fernandes, Arwa F Al-Shakli, Jon Sen, Darren R Carwardine, Nicolas Granger, Divya M Chari
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) promote axonal regeneration and improve locomotor function when transplanted into the injured spinal cord. A recent clinical trial demonstrated improved motor function in domestic dogs with spinal injury following autologous OEC transplantation. Their utility in canines offers promise for human translation, as dogs are comparable to humans in terms of clinical management and genetic/environmental variation. Moreover, the autologous, minimally invasive derivation of OECs makes them viable for human spinal injury investigation...
June 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611427/canine-leishmaniasis-progression-is-associated-with-vitamin-d-deficiency
#10
A Rodriguez-Cortes, C Martori, A Martinez-Florez, A Clop, M Amills, J Kubejko, J Llull, J M Nadal, J Alberola
The relationship between vitamin D deficiency and the risk of suffering from a plethora of health disorders, ranging from autoimmune processes to infectious diseases has been widely described. Nonetheless, the potential role of vitamin D in visceral leishmaniasis remains uncharacterized. In the Mediterranean basin, where the dog is leishmania's main peri-domestic reservoir, control measures against the canine disease have shown beneficial effects on the incidence of human leishmaniasis. In this study, we measured the vitamin D levels in serum samples from a cohort of 68 healthy and disease dogs from a highly endemic area and we have also studied the relationship of these levels with parasitological and immunological parameters...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602652/domestication-does-not-explain-the-presence-of-inequity-aversion-in-dogs
#11
Jennifer L Essler, Sarah Marshall-Pescini, Friederike Range
Sensitivity to inequity is thought to be an important mechanism for recognizing undesirable cooperative partners and thus crucial for the evolution of human cooperation [1]. This link may not be unique to humans, as cooperative non-human primates also react to unequal outcomes [2], whereas non-cooperative species do not [3]. Although this hypothesis has not been tested in non-primate species, studies revealed that pet dogs show a limited form of inequity aversion, responding to reward, but not quality inequity [4-6]...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602607/rabies-vaccine-is-associated-with-decreased-all-cause-mortality-in-dogs
#12
Darryn L Knobel, Sintayehu Arega, Bjorn Reininghaus, Gregory J G Simpson, Bradford D Gessner, Henrik Stryhn, Anne Conan
Evidence suggests that rabies vaccine may have non-specific protective effects in animals and children. We analyzed four years of data (2012-2015) from an observational study of the health and demographics of a population of owned, free-roaming dogs in a low-income community in South Africa. The objective of this analysis was to assess the association between rabies vaccine and all-cause mortality in dogs, stratified by age group (0-3months, 4-11months, and 12months and older), and controlling for the effects of sex and number of dogs in the residence...
June 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597975/domestic-predation-of-an-elder-a-fatal-dog-attack-case
#13
Erwan Le Garff, Vadim Mesli, Yann Delannoy, Jocelyn Pollard, Anne Becart, Valéry Hedouin
We present the case of a 91-year-old woman lived alone at her home with two domestic dogs, that is,, a Labrador Retriever and a Staffordshire Bull Terrier and found dead. The investigation of the scene revealed that the Bull Terrier's jawbone and chest were covered with blood. The autopsy revealed multiple, histologically confirmed, life-threatening skin and bone lacerations without scavenging marks. The punctures and tearing of each of the wounds on the skin were compatible with bites. A left humeral fracture and multiple fractures of the right facial bones were observed...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594882/rickettsia-amblyommatis-infecting-ticks-and-exposure-of-domestic-dogs-to-rickettsia-spp-in-an-amazon-cerrado-transition-region-of-northeastern-brazil
#14
Francisco B Costa, Andréa P da Costa, Jonas Moraes-Filho, Thiago F Martins, Herbert S Soares, Diego G Ramirez, Ricardo A Dias, Marcelo B Labruna
This study was performed in Maranhão state, a transition area two Brazilian biomes, Amazon and Cerrado. During 2011-2013, 1,560 domestic dogs were sampled for collection of serum blood samples and ticks in eight counties (3 within the Amazon and 5 within the Cerrado). A total of 959 ticks were collected on 150 dogs (9.6%). Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (s.l.) was the most abundant tick (68% of all collected specimens), followed by Amblyomma cajennense sensu lato (s.l.) (12.9%), Amblyomma parvum (9.2%), and Amblyomma ovale (5...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571614/canis-familiaris-as-a-model-for-non-invasive-comparative-neuroscience
#15
REVIEW
Nóra Bunford, Attila Andics, Anna Kis, Ádám Miklósi, Márta Gácsi
There is an ongoing need to improve animal models for investigating human behavior and its biological underpinnings. The domestic dog (Canis familiaris) is a promising model in cognitive neuroscience. However, before it can contribute to advances in this field in a comparative, reliable, and valid manner, several methodological issues warrant attention. We review recent non-invasive canine neuroscience studies, primarily focusing on (i) variability among dogs and between dogs and humans in cranial characteristics, and (ii) generalizability across dog and dog-human studies...
May 29, 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570553/genetic-rescue-of-an-endangered-domestic-animal-through-outcrossing-with-closely-related-breeds-a-case-study-of-the-norwegian-lundehund
#16
Astrid V Stronen, Elina Salmela, Birna K Baldursdóttir, Peer Berg, Ingvild S Espelien, Kirsi Järvi, Henrik Jensen, Torsten N Kristensen, Claudia Melis, Tommaso Manenti, Hannes Lohi, Cino Pertoldi
Genetic rescue, outcrossing with individuals from a related population, is used to augment genetic diversity in populations threatened by severe inbreeding and extinction. The endangered Norwegian Lundehund dog underwent at least two severe bottlenecks in the 1940s and 1960s that each left only five inbred dogs, and the approximately 1500 dogs remaining world-wide today appear to descend from only two individuals. The Lundehund has a high prevalence of a gastrointestinal disease, to which all remaining dogs may be predisposed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567559/diagnosis-of-canine-echinococcus-multilocularis-infections-by-copro-dna-tests-comparison-of-dna-extraction-techniques-and-evaluation-of-diagnostic-deworming
#17
Takao Irie, Takuya Ito, Hirokazu Kouguchi, Kimiaki Yamano, Kohji Uraguchi, Kinpei Yagi, Nariaki Nonaka
The use of copro-DNA detection methods for the diagnosis of canine Echinococcus multilocularis infection was evaluated with a focus on DNA extraction techniques: two commercial kits and a modified alkaline-sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) technique. Dog feces (0.2 g) mixed with a protoscolex or with 1 or 10 eggs of E. multilocularis were subjected to DNA detection following extraction by these methods. DNA was extracted from all protoscolex samples by all methods, but success for samples with eggs depended on extraction technique with the modified technique showing success on all samples...
May 31, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561264/virulence-markers-associated-with-trueperella-pyogenes-infections-in-livestock-and-companion-animals
#18
R M Risseti, E Zastempowska, M Twarużek, H Lassa, J C F Pantoja, A P C de Vargas, S T Guerra, C A D Bolaños, C L de Paula, A C Alves, B S Colhado, F V R Portilho, C Tasca, G H B Lara, M G Ribeiro
Trueperella pyogenes is an opportunistic pathogen that causes diverse pyogenic infections in livestock. The genes that encode the exotoxin pyolysin (plo) and other putative factors that promote adhesion of pathogen to host cells (fimbriae fimA, fimC, fimE, fimG, neuraminidases nanH, nanP, and collagen-binding protein cbpA) have been associated with virulence, particularly in mastitis and uterus infections of dairy cows. However, the role of these virulence markers in the pathogenicity of the agent in domestic animals infections still is incompletely understood...
May 31, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555947/roaming-of-dogs-in-remote-indigenous-communities-in-northern-australia-and-potential-interaction-between-community-and-wild-dogs
#19
C Bombara, S Dürr, J Gongora, M P Ward
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the roaming of Indigenous community dogs and potential interaction with wild dogs and dingoes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey and longitudinal follow-up study. METHODS: Six remote Indigenous communities in Cape York Peninsula and Arnhem Land in northern Australia were selected. Hair samples were collected from community dogs and microsatellite DNA analyses were used to determine hybrid (>10% dingo DNA) status. Dogs were fitted with GPS collars and home range (ha) was estimated during monitoring periods of up to 3 days...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555473/epidemiological-aspects-and-spatial-distribution-of-human-and-canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-in-northeastern-brazil
#20
Roseane Campos, Márcio Santos, Gabriel Tunon, Luana Cunha, Lucas Magalhães, Juliana Moraes, Danielle Ramalho, Sanmy Lima, José Antônio Pacheco, Michael Lipscomb, Amélia Ribeiro de Jesus, Roque Pacheco de Almeida
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a systemic disease endemic in tropical countries and transmitted through sand flies. In particular, Canis familiaris (or domesticated dogs) are believed to be a major urban reservoir for the parasite causing the disease Leishmania. The average number of human VL cases was 58 per year in the state of Sergipe. The city of Aracaju, capital of Sergipe in Northeastern Brazil, had 159 cases of VL in humans. Correlatively, the percentage of serologically positive dogs for leishmaniasis increased from 4...
May 11, 2017: Geospatial Health
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