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Pet ownership

Debbie Chia, Lauren Powell, Vanessa Lee, Marjan Mosalman Haghighi, Anthony Podberscek, Ding Ding, Cathie Sherrington, Emmanuel Stamatakis
OBJECTIVE: Dog ownership is popular, with research suggesting improvements in physical and psychological health of dog owners. However, majority of these studies were not investigator-controlled. Ethical and practical implications arising from the intervention exposure (dog ownership) result in recruitment difficulties. A fit-for-purpose design, such as delaying dog adoption until after data collection, could alleviate such issues. The purpose of this study was to explore intentions and possible incentives for participation in investigator-controlled trials examining the effects of dog ownership on human physical and psychological health...
March 12, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Megan K Mueller, Nancy R Gee, Regina M Bures
BACKGROUND: We focused on human-animal interaction (HAI) as an important aspect of social functioning at the individual level, framing this emerging field from a public health perspective. METHODS: Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) 2012 HAI module, we describe the characteristics of pet ownership in a population of older adults, and examine the relation between pet ownership and multiple mental and physical health indicators such as health status, depression, and physical activity...
March 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
Lauren Folgosa Cooley, Sandra B Barker
The use of canine-assisted therapy (CAT) in healthcare is expanding and the purpose of this review is to highlight its potential use in the surgical patient. While CAT literature to date has detailed widespread benefits in blood pressure control and improving pain, anxiety, and stress, little research has been performed specifically in surgical patients who may benefit significantly from CAT interventions. Critical points highlighted herein are as follows: (1) Hypertension is common and significantly increases morbidity and mortality associated with elective surgery...
February 24, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Hironobu Nishijima, Sayaka Suzuki, Kenji Kondo, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shintaro Yanagimoto
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have reported that various environmental factors during early life are key determinants for developing allergic disease. Herein, we aimed to investigate the impact of environmental factors on allergic rhinitis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a single university in Japan (from April to June, in 2015 and 2016). Students voluntarily answered online questionnaires regarding their allergic rhinitis symptoms and their exposure to various environmental factors during preschool-age...
February 20, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Anirudra Parajuli, Mira Grönroos, Nathan Siter, Riikka Puhakka, Heli K Vari, Marja I Roslund, Ari Jumpponen, Noora Nurminen, Olli H Laitinen, Heikki Hyöty, Juho Rajaniemi, Aki Sinkkonen
Expanding urbanization is a major factor behind rapidly declining biodiversity. It has been proposed that in urbanized societies, the rarity of contact with diverse environmental microbiota negatively impacts immune function and ultimately increases the risk for allergies and other immune-mediated disorders. Surprisingly, the basic assumption that urbanization reduces exposure to environmental microbiota and its transfer indoors has rarely been examined. We investigated if the land use type around Finnish homes affects the diversity, richness, and abundance of bacterial communities indoors...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Abdullah S Ahmad, Muhammad A Saeed, Imran Rashid, Kamran Ashraf, Wasim Shehzad, Rebecca J Traub, Gad Baneth, Abdul Jabbar
Hepatozoon canis is a tick-borne pathogen of canids, which is distributed worldwide. However, very little is known about this protozoan parasite in Pakistan. This study provides the first molecular evidence of H. canis from farm dogs from three agro-ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan. A conventional PCR targeting the 18S rRNA gene was used to characterize H. canis from farm dogs from three districts, namely Kasur, Rawalpindi, and Muzaffargarh, in Punjab. Of 341 blood samples tested, 155 (45.5%) were positive for H...
February 18, 2018: Parasitology Research
G Liccardi, L Calzetta, G Baldi, A Berra, L Billeri, M Caminati, P Capano, E Carpentieri, A Ciccarelli, M A Crivellaro, M Cutajar, M D'Amato, I Folletti, F Gani, D Gargano, D Giannattasio, M Giovannini, C Lombardi, M Lo Schiavo, F Madonna, M Maniscalco, A Meriggi, C Micucci, M Milanese, C Montera, G Paolocci, R Parente, A Pedicini, R Pio, F Puggioni, M Russo, A Salzillo, P Scavalli, N Scichilone, B Sposato, A Stanziola, G Steinhilber, A Vatrella, P Rogliani, G Passalacqua
Background: The query "are there animals at home?" is usually administered for collecting information on anamnesis. This modality to consider exposure to pet allergens constitutes a potential bias in epidemiological studies and in clinical practice. The aim of our study was to evaluate/quantify different modalities of exposure to cat/dog in inducing allergic sensitization. Methods: Thirty Italian Allergy units participated in this study. Each centre was required to collect the data of at least 20 consecutive outpatients sensitized to cat/dog allergens...
2018: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
Min Suk Yang, Sang Pyo Lee, Young Jae Kwon, Sang Min Lee
PURPOSE: This study evaluated dog and cat allergies and their association with allergen avoidance measures in Korean adults. METHODS: The study population consisted of 537 adults who currently kept dogs or cats and participated in a pet exhibition in Korea. The subjects were asked to complete questionnaires regarding pet ownership, allergen avoidance, and allergy symptoms, and underwent skin prick tests. They were considered to have a dog or cat allergy if they suffered from one or more of allergy symptoms during contact with their pets...
March 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Helen Louise Brooks, Kelly Rushton, Karina Lovell, Penny Bee, Lauren Walker, Laura Grant, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition of the therapeutic function pets can play in relation to mental health. However, there has been no systematic review of the evidence related to the comprehensive role of companion animals and how pets might contribute to the work associated with managing a long-term mental health condition. The aim of this study was to explore the extent, nature and quality of the evidence implicating the role and utility of pet ownership for people living with a mental health condition...
February 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Lisa Wood, Karen Martin, Hayley Christian, Steve Houghton, Ichiro Kawachi, Shannen Vallesi, Sandra McCune
•Pet ownership is significantly associated with higher levels of social capital.•Social capital was associated with pet ownership in the U.S. and Australia.•Results are not confined to dog owners nor dog walkers.•Pets are an under-recognized conduit for building social capital.
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
Elaine Fuertes, Marie Standl, Iana Markevych, Wolfgang Bischof, Joachim Heinrich
BACKGROUND: Pet ownership is consistently associated with higher indoor endotoxin concentrations, but may also be related to the amount of greenspace around the home. This study examined whether the association between pet ownership and higher indoor endotoxin concentrations is confounded or modified by residential greenspace. METHODS: Information on pet ownership was collected at the time of recruitment of the German LISA birth cohort. Endotoxin levels were measured in settled house dust sampled from mothers' mattresses (N=1197) and living room floors (N=390)...
January 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
G David Batty, Paola Zaninotto, Richard G Watt, Steven Bell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective relation between animal companionship and biomarkers of ageing in older people. DESIGN: Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, an ongoing, open, prospective cohort study initiated in 2002-03. SETTING: Nationally representative study from England. PARTICIPANTS: 8785 adults (55% women) with a mean age of 67 years (SD 9) at pet ownership assessment in 2010-11 (wave 5)...
December 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have shown that childhood pet ownership predicts the likelihood of adherence to a vegetarian diet in adulthood. Building on this research, we tested the hypothesis that the number of different types of pets owned in childhood is positively associated with degree of restriction of animal products in adulthood, and that this relationship is mediated by pro-animal attitudes...
April 1, 2018: Appetite
A N Barnes, J Mumma, O Cumming
Low- and middle-income countries are experiencing rapid urban population growth, particularly in peri-urban informal settlements. In these urban areas, animal husbandry remains a valuable source of income and protein-rich foods but may also present a risk of zoonotic disease threat. To date, there have been studies that have assessed the prevalence and nature of animal ownership in these communities. This cross-sectional survey assessed the geographical, sociocultural and economic factors behind the presence, ownership and purpose of domestic animals in three informal peri-urban communities of Kisumu, Kenya...
February 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
February 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
I Symeonidou, A Ι Gelasakis, K V Arsenopoulos, R Schaper, E Papadopoulos
Gastrointestinal parasites, protozoa and helminths, remain a common important finding in dogs presented to veterinary medical practices. Moreover, dogs may play an active role in the transmission of enteric parasites to humans, given their cohabitation, making canine gastrointestinal parasitism an issue of major concern for public health. To get an overview of the current state of canine gastrointestinal parasites' prevalence in Greece, a total of 1036 faecal samples were collected from dogs either presented in veterinary clinics or in animal shelters...
December 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
Guilhem Divol, Nathalie Priymenko
Reports concerning maintenance energy requirements (MER) in dogs are common but most of the data cover laboratory or utility dogs. This study establishes those of healthy adult pet dogs and the factors which cause these energy requirements to vary. Within the framework of a nutrition teaching exercise, each student followed a pet from his entourage and gathered accurate records of its feeding habits. Data have been restricted to healthy adult dogs with an ideal body weight (BW) which did not vary more than 5 % during the study period...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
Misha Leong, Matthew A Bertone, Amy M Savage, Keith M Bayless, Robert R Dunn, Michelle D Trautwein
The indoor biome is a novel habitat which recent studies have shown exhibit not only high microbial diversity, but also high arthropod diversity. Here, we analyze findings from a survey of 50 houses (southeastern USA) within the context of additional survey data concerning house and room features, along with resident behavior, to explore how arthropod diversity and community composition are influenced by physical aspects of rooms and their usage, as well as the lifestyles of human residents. We found that indoor arthropod diversity is strongly influenced by access to the outdoors and carpeted rooms hosted more types of arthropods than non-carpeted rooms...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Abigail L Muldoon, Lisa M Kuhns, Julie Supple, Kristen C Jacobson, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are approximately twice as likely to be depressed compared with HIV-negative individuals. Depression is consistently associated with low antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, an important step within the HIV care continuum related to HIV disease progression and overall health. One factor that may have positive psychosocial benefits and promote ART adherence is dog ownership. Research indicates that dog ownership is associated with lower depression, and initial evidence suggests its positive impact on psychosocial outcomes for PLHIV...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
Natalia Russo, Diana Vergnano, Domenico Bergero, Liviana Prola
Since companion animals are taking on more important roles in family life, the aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of parents about the relationship between their children and pets. A number of parents were asked to fill in a questionnaire; the principal topics were: pet ownership, pet care, relationship between pets and children, and sources of information about pet management. Eighty-two parents completed the survey; 71.4% of them already had pets before having children; pet care and health has emerged to be rather important, since 96...
October 16, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
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