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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306717/barriers-to-dog-rabies-vaccination-during-an-urban-rabies-outbreak-qualitative-findings-from-arequipa-peru
#1
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Canine rabies was reintroduced to the city of Arequipa, Peru in March 2015. The Ministry of Health has conducted a series of mass dog vaccination campaigns to contain the outbreak, but canine rabies virus transmission continues in Arequipa's complex urban environment, putting the city's 1 million inhabitants at risk of infection. The proximate driver of canine rabies in Arequipa is low dog vaccination coverage. Our objectives were to qualitatively assess barriers to and facilitators of rabies vaccination during mass campaigns, and to explore strategies to increase participation in future efforts...
March 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270741/sensitization-to-secretoglobin-and-lipocalins-in-a-group-of-young-children-with-risk-of-developing-respiratory-allergy
#2
Mizuho Nagao, Magnus P Borres, Mayumi Sugimoto, Carl Johan Petersson, Satoshi Nakayama, Yu Kuwabara, Sawako Masuda, Patrik Dykiel, Takao Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: Multiple sensitizations in early age have been reported to be a risk for development of asthma. This study evaluates the emergence and evolution of IgE to aeroallergens among a cohort of children with physician-diagnosed atopic dermatitis and/or showing food allergy symptoms and to examine the relation to asthma development. METHODS: Three-hundred and four children (median age 13.4 months at entry) with food allergy symptoms and/or atopic dermatitis without asthma at inclusion were analysed for IgE antibodies against food-, indoor- and outdoor-allergens and pet allergen components and correlated to the individuals' outcome on asthma inception...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264460/companion-animals-and-child-adolescent-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca Purewal, Robert Christley, Katarzyna Kordas, Carol Joinson, Kerstin Meints, Nancy Gee, Carri Westgarth
Childhood and adolescence are important developmental phases which influence health and well-being across the life span. Social relationships are fundamental to child and adolescent development; yet studies have been limited to children's relationships with other humans. This paper provides an evidence review for the potential associations between pet ownership and emotional; behavioural; cognitive; educational and social developmental outcomes. As the field is in the early stages; a broad set of inclusion criteria was applied...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171740/social-emotional-adjustment-and-pet-ownership-among-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Amanda Ward, Nicole Arola, Amy Bohnert, Rebecca Lieb
Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often experience poor social-emotional adjustment and interactions with peers, but taking care of a family pet may serve as a buffer. This study utilized 81 parent-adolescent dyads to examine how dimensions of pet ownership (responsibility, comfort, companionship) may be associated with social-emotional adjustment (depression, loneliness, friendship quality) among adolescents with ASD, as well as how social impairments may influence these relations. Results revealed that adolescents who took more responsibility for their pet exhibited fewer depressive symptoms...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110284/injuries-caused-by-pets-in-asian-urban-households-a-cross-sectional-telephone-survey
#5
Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting. SETTING: Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in Hong Kong accessible by telephone land-line. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 43 542 telephone numbers were dialled and 6570 residents successfully completed the interviews...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#6
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091338/molecular-epidemiological-analysis-to-assess-the-influence-of-pet-ownership-in-the-biodiversity-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-mrsa-in-dog-and-non-dog-owning-healthy-households
#7
J C VAN Balen, T Landers, E Nutt, A Dent, A E Hoet
It has been suggested that zoonotic transmission of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) can occur between owners and their pets within the same household. However, the influence that pet-ownership could have in the biodiversity of SA/MRSA strains circulating among owners is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to perform a molecular epidemiological analysis to evaluate and compare the biodiversity of SA/MRSA strains in dog-owning and non-dog-owning healthy households within the same community...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086987/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-cats-in-mainland-china
#8
Huan Ding, Yu-Meng Gao, Yao Deng, Poppy H L Lamberton, Da-Bing Lu
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii which can infect all warm-blooded animals. As the most common feline definitive host, cats play a vital role in the transmission of T. gondii. However, national estimates of the seroprevalence of T. gondii in cats in mainland China are lacking, and therefore a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to provide insight into national environmental transmission levels and potential transmission to humans. METHODS: Studies published up until July 1, 2016, on T...
January 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067995/antibody-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-women-from-multan-pakistan
#9
M M Nazir, M Akhtar, A Maqbool, A Waheed, M A Sajid, M A Ali, M Oneeb, M A Alam, A N Ahmad, N Nazir, S Fatima, D S Lindsay
Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in humans and warm-blooded animals. Maternal infections during pregnancy may have devastating consequences for transplacentally infected neonates. This study was conducted to examine the seroprevalence of antibodies to T. gondii in pregnant women of childbearing age and determine risk factors associated with pregnancy history, pet ownership, social and cultural factors at Nishtar Hospital, Multan. Samples were collected from 403 women and examined using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048700/tu-d-bra-00-treatment-planning-system-commissioning-and-qa
#10
Greg Salomons
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048038/tu-d-bra-01-tps-commissioning-and-qa-planning-and-monitoring
#11
G Salomons
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047373/tu-d-bra-02-recommendations-of-mppg-5-and-practical-implementation-strategies
#12
J Smilowitz
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046707/tu-d-bra-03-tps-commissioning-and-qa-incorporating-the-entire-planning-process
#13
S Mutic
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009706/pet-ownership-and-survival-in-the-elderly-hypertensive-population
#14
Enayet K Chowdhury, Mark R Nelson, Garry L R Jennings, Lindon M H Wing, Christopher M Reid
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of pet ownership and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality over a long-term follow-up among elderly treated hypertensive participants. METHODS: Pet-ownership data from a subcohort of the Second Australian National Blood Pressure study were used. Participants were aged 65-84 years at enrolment (1995-1997) and responded to a pet-ownership questionnaire during year 2000. Participants' survival information was determined over a median of 10...
April 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005698/prenatal-and-postnatal-exposure-to-pet-ownership-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-children-the-seven-northeastern-cities-study
#15
Shu-Li Xu, Edwin Trevathan, Zhengmin Qian, Elaina Vivian, Bo-Yi Yang, Li-Wen Hu, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Meng Li, Yang Zhou, Xiao-Di Qin, Wen-Wen Bao, Ping Yuan, Ya-Zhi Zhang, Jia Wang, Chuan Zhang, Yan-Peng Tian, Min Nian, Xiang Xiao, Guang-Hui Dong
OBJECTIVE: There is little information about how exposure to pets impacts blood pressure (BP) in children. The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between pet exposure and BP in children. METHODS: A total of 9354 children, aged 5-17 years, from 24 elementary schools and 24 middle schools in the Seven Northeastern Cities were evaluated during 2012-2013. BP measurements were taken using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Hypertension in children was defined as having an average DBP or SBP in the 95th percentile or higher for the child's sex, age, and height...
February 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955750/geohelminths-eggs-contamination-of-sandpits-in-vladivostok-russia
#16
Tatyana Vladimirovna Moskvina, Albina Dmitrievna Bartkova, Alexey Vasil'evich Ermolenko
OBJECTIVE: To detect nematode eggs in sandpits in urban area in Vladivostok. METHODS: Totally 60 samples were collected from five districts. Sand samples were analysed using combined flotation-sedimentation method. In result, 18 sand samples were positive for at one or two parasites species. RESULTS: Overall, only 3 genera of helminths were recovered. Most samples were positive for Toxocara spp. eggs. Toxocara spp. eggs were found in each district...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931210/ontological-security-and-connectivity-provided-by-pets-a-study-in-the-self-management-of-the-everyday-lives-of-people-diagnosed-with-a-long-term-mental-health-condition
#17
Helen Brooks, Kelly Rushton, Sandra Walker, Karina Lovell, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that connecting people to relevant wellbeing-related resources brings therapeutic benefit, there is limited understanding, in the context of mental health recovery, of the potential value and contribution of pet ownership to personal support networks for self-management. This study aimed to explore the role of pets in the support and management activities in the personal networks of people with long-term mental health problems. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews centred on 'ego' network mapping were conducted in two locations (in the North West and in the South of England) with 54 participants with a diagnosis of a long-term mental health problem...
December 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922721/an-exploratory-investigation-of-animal-hoarding-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-adults-diagnosed-with-hoarding-disorder
#18
Jennifer E Ung, Mary E Dozier, Christiana Bratiotis, Catherine R Ayers
OBJECTIVE: The extant research on animal hoarding has a dearth of information on animal hoarding tendencies in adults diagnosed with hoarding disorder (HD). In the present study, we investigated possible recurrent animal hoarding behavioral and symptom patterns in individuals diagnosed with hoarding disorder. METHODS: Hoarding severity scores from baseline assessments for 65 community-dwelling adults diagnosed with HD were analyzed with respect to their present and past animal ownership characteristics...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793067/the-association-between-dog-ownership-or-dog-walking-and-fitness-or-weight-status-in-childhood
#19
C Westgarth, L M Boddy, G Stratton, A J German, R M Gaskell, K P Coyne, P Bundred, S McCune, S Dawson
BACKGROUND: Health benefits of dog walking are established in adults: dog owners are on average more physically active, and those walking their dogs regularly have lower weight status than those who do not. However, there has been little research on children. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between dog ownership or dog walking and childhood fitness or weight status. METHODS: A survey of pet ownership and involvement in dog walking was combined with fitness and weight status measurements of 1021 9 to 10-year-old children in the Liverpool SportsLinx study...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610373/a-cross-sectional-survey-to-estimate-the-cat-population-and-ownership-profiles-in-a-semirural-area-of-central-italy
#20
Andrea Carvelli, Francesca Iacoponi, Paola Scaramozzino
Understanding animal population size and its demographic features is essential to address Public Health policies as well as to provide valuable information to pet industries and veterinary practitioners. Nevertheless, official data on feline population are not available worldwide. In the present study, the owned cat population size, its demographic attributes, and the ownership profiles have been investigated through a face-to-face questionnaire in a semirural area of Central Italy. The human : cat ratio was equal to 6...
2016: BioMed Research International
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