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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306159/is-the-association-between-pet-ownership-and-indoor-endotoxin-levels-confounded-or-modified-by-outdoor-residential-greenspace
#1
Elaine Fuertes, Marie Standl, Iana Markevych, Wolfgang Bischof, Joachim Heinrich
BACKGROUND: Pet ownership is consistently associated with higher indoor endotoxin concentrations, but may also be related to the amount of greenspace around the home. This study examined whether the association between pet ownership and higher indoor endotoxin concentrations is confounded or modified by residential greenspace. METHODS: Information on pet ownership was collected at the time of recruitment of the German LISA birth cohort. Endotoxin levels were measured in settled house dust sampled from mothers' mattresses (N=1197) and living room floors (N=390)...
January 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237607/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-biomarkers-of-ageing-population-based-cohort-study
#2
G David Batty, Paola Zaninotto, Richard G Watt, Steven Bell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective relation between animal companionship and biomarkers of ageing in older people. DESIGN: Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, an ongoing, open, prospective cohort study initiated in 2002-03. SETTING: Nationally representative study from England. PARTICIPANTS: 8785 adults (55% women) with a mean age of 67 years (SD 9) at pet ownership assessment in 2010-11 (wave 5)...
December 13, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225142/ethical-concerns-regarding-animal-use-mediate-the-relationship-between-variety-of-pets-owned-in-childhood-and-vegetarianism-in-adulthood
#3
Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have shown that childhood pet ownership predicts the likelihood of adherence to a vegetarian diet in adulthood. Building on this research, we tested the hypothesis that the number of different types of pets owned in childhood is positively associated with degree of restriction of animal products in adulthood, and that this relationship is mediated by pro-animal attitudes...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205887/role-ownership-and-presence-of-domestic-animals-in-peri-urban-households-of-kisumu-kenya
#4
A N Barnes, J Mumma, O Cumming
Low- and middle-income countries are experiencing rapid urban population growth, particularly in peri-urban informal settlements. In these urban areas, animal husbandry remains a valuable source of income and protein-rich foods but may also present a risk of zoonotic disease threat. To date, there have been studies that have assessed the prevalence and nature of animal ownership in these communities. This cross-sectional survey assessed the geographical, sociocultural and economic factors behind the presence, ownership and purpose of domestic animals in three informal peri-urban communities of Kisumu, Kenya...
December 5, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178464/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-sates-about-surgery-pain-management-and-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#5
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173542/regression-models-to-assess-the-risk-factors-of-canine-gastrointestinal-parasitism
#6
I Symeonidou, A Ι Gelasakis, K V Arsenopoulos, R Schaper, E Papadopoulos
Gastrointestinal parasites, protozoa and helminths, remain a common important finding in dogs presented to veterinary medical practices. Moreover, dogs may play an active role in the transmission of enteric parasites to humans, given their cohabitation, making canine gastrointestinal parasitism an issue of major concern for public health. To get an overview of the current state of canine gastrointestinal parasites' prevalence in Greece, a total of 1036 faecal samples were collected from dogs either presented in veterinary clinics or in animal shelters...
December 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152257/a-new-model-for-evaluating-maintenance-energy-requirements-in-dogs-allometric-equation-from-319-pet-dogs
#7
Guilhem Divol, Nathalie Priymenko
Reports concerning maintenance energy requirements (MER) in dogs are common but most of the data cover laboratory or utility dogs. This study establishes those of healthy adult pet dogs and the factors which cause these energy requirements to vary. Within the framework of a nutrition teaching exercise, each student followed a pet from his entourage and gathered accurate records of its feeding habits. Data have been restricted to healthy adult dogs with an ideal body weight (BW) which did not vary more than 5 % during the study period...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127355/the-habitats-humans-provide-factors-affecting-the-diversity-and-composition-of-arthropods-in-houses
#8
Misha Leong, Matthew A Bertone, Amy M Savage, Keith M Bayless, Robert R Dunn, Michelle D Trautwein
The indoor biome is a novel habitat which recent studies have shown exhibit not only high microbial diversity, but also high arthropod diversity. Here, we analyze findings from a survey of 50 houses (southeastern USA) within the context of additional survey data concerning house and room features, along with resident behavior, to explore how arthropod diversity and community composition are influenced by physical aspects of rooms and their usage, as well as the lifestyles of human residents. We found that indoor arthropod diversity is strongly influenced by access to the outdoors and carpeted rooms hosted more types of arthropods than non-carpeted rooms...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117933/a-web-based-study-of-dog-ownership-and-depression-among-people-living-with-hiv
#9
Abigail L Muldoon, Lisa M Kuhns, Julie Supple, Kristen C Jacobson, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are approximately twice as likely to be depressed compared with HIV-negative individuals. Depression is consistently associated with low antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, an important step within the HIV care continuum related to HIV disease progression and overall health. One factor that may have positive psychosocial benefits and promote ART adherence is dog ownership. Research indicates that dog ownership is associated with lower depression, and initial evidence suggests its positive impact on psychosocial outcomes for PLHIV...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056710/small-pilot-survey-on-parents-perception-of-the-relationship-between-children-and-pets
#10
Natalia Russo, Diana Vergnano, Domenico Bergero, Liviana Prola
Since companion animals are taking on more important roles in family life, the aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of parents about the relationship between their children and pets. A number of parents were asked to fill in a questionnaire; the principal topics were: pet ownership, pet care, relationship between pets and children, and sources of information about pet management. Eighty-two parents completed the survey; 71.4% of them already had pets before having children; pet care and health has emerged to be rather important, since 96...
October 16, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029345/evacuating-people-and-their-pets-older-floridians-need-for-and-proximity-to-pet-friendly-shelters
#11
Rachel Douglas, Ayberk Kocatepe, Anne E Barrett, Eren Erman Ozguven, Clayton Gumber
Objectives: Pets influence evacuation decisions, but little is known about pet-friendly emergency shelters' availability or older adults' need for them. Our study addresses this issue, focusing on the most densely populated area of Florida (Miami-Dade)-the state with the oldest population and greatest hurricane susceptibility. Method: We use Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based methodology to identify the shortest paths to pet-friendly shelters, based on distance and congested and uncongested travel times-taking into account the older population's spatial distribution...
October 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992132/dna-strand-breaks-in-peripheral-blood-leucocytes-of-polish-blood-donors
#12
Malgorzata M Dobrzynska, Krzysztof A Pachocki, Katarzyna Owczarska
Knowledge about the basal level of DNA damage in leucocytes of healthy control populations is essential before estimation of the effects of exposure to external agents in biomonitoring studies. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of some lifestyle factors on baseline DNA damage in leucocytes of humans. The material consisted of the peripheral blood from 276 healthy volunteer blood donors. In addition to the standard blood donation questionnaire, they were asked about age, gender, occupation, radiological history, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, medicine use and pet ownership...
September 13, 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977402/-simply-to-be-let-in-opening-the-doors-to-lower-income-older-adults-and-their-companion-animals
#13
A M Toohey, T M Krahn
Inspired by poet J.L. Borges's intimations on acceptance, this commentary highlights the eviction of an older woman and her kitten from an affordable independent living facility as representing exclusionary practices and policies that compromise the ability for some lower-income older adults to age-in-place. Even as efforts to promote aging-in-place have prioritized housing as a key need, and public health evidence suggests benefits from animal companionship later in life, there is a shortage of social and other types of affordable housing in Canada and elsewhere that allows older adult tenants to reside independently with companion animals...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976986/investigating-the-impact-of-media-on-demand-for-wildlife-a-case-study-of-harry-potter-and-the-uk-trade-in-owls
#14
Diane A Megias, Sean C Anderson, Robert J Smith, Diogo Veríssimo
In recent decades, a substantial number of popular press articles have described an increase in demand for certain species in the pet trade due to films such as "Finding Nemo", "Ninja turtles", and "Harry Potter". Nevertheless, such assertions are largely supported only by anecdotal evidence. Given the role of the wildlife trade in the spread of pathogens and zoonosis, the introduction of invasive species, the overexploitation of biodiversity, and the neglect of animal welfare, it is crucial to understand what factors drive demand for a species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953961/parent-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-life-of-pet-dogs-living-with-neuro-typically-developing-and-neuro-atypically-developing-children-an-exploratory-study
#15
Sophie S Hall, Hannah F Wright, Daniel S Mills
There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However, little attention has been paid to how living with children positively and negatively affects quality of life of a pet dog. In this exploratory study we conducted semi-structured interviews with parents of neuro-typically developing children (n = 18) and those with a neuro-developmental disorder (n = 18) who owned a pet dog, until no new factors were identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942411/dog-bites-and-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-dangerous-combination
#16
Mussa Mensa, Jonathan James Cubitt, Muhammad Javed, Thomas Bragg
All animal bites have the potential to cause significant infection. In the UK, dogs are the most common source of bites. Incidence of hospital attendances attributable to dog bites has risen over the last decade. Patient groups at particular risk of bites and/or complications of infection include those at extremes of age, immunosuppressed and patients with diabetes. We report the case of a patient with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, who was admitted on two separate occasions with unprovoked bites to his toes whilst asleep, by his pet dog...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940144/erratum-to-racial-differences-in-pet-ownership-in-families-of-children-with-asthma
#17
Shahid I Sheikh, Judy Pitts, Nancy A Ryan-Wenger, Karen S McCoy, Don Hayes
In the article by Sheikh SI, et al, "Racial differences in pet ownership in families of children with asthma" in World Journal of Pediatrics 2016;12(3):343-346 (doi: 10.1007/s12519-016-0027-9), the last author's name was incorrectly listed as "Don Hayes". His name should have read "Don Hayes Jr".
December 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878713/human-animal-interaction-and-older-adults-an-overview
#18
REVIEW
Nancy R Gee, Megan K Mueller, Angela L Curl
Both pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, and the science of human-animal interaction (HAI) seeks to explore how these relationships with animals can impact health and well-being. In particular, one burgeoning area of research is the role of HAI in healthy aging, given the potential for HAI as an important feature of health and well-being in older adults. The purpose of this review is to summarize and evaluate existing research in this innovative area of scholarship, identifying the potential benefits and risks of both pet ownership and animals in therapeutic settings for older adults...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804172/antimicrobial-resistance-from-global-agenda-to-national-strategic-plan-thailand
#19
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Wanchai Sattayawutthipong, Sukhum Kanjanapimai, Wantanee Kanpravidth, Richard Brown, Angkana Sommanustweechai
PROBLEM: In Thailand, antimicrobial resistance has formed a small component of national drug policies and strategies on emerging infectious diseases. However, poor coordination and a lack of national goals and monitoring and evaluation platforms have reduced the effectiveness of the corresponding national actions. APPROACH: On the basis of local evidence and with the strong participation of relevant stakeholders, the first national strategic plan on antimicrobial resistance has been developed in Thailand...
August 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783072/stated-preferences-for-dog-characteristics-and-sources-of-acquisition
#20
Courtney Bir, Nicole J Olynk Widmar, Candace C Croney
People's preferences for where they acquire dogs and the characteristics they focus on may provide insight into their perceptions of socially responsible pet ownership, as acquiring a dog is the first step in dog ownership. An online survey of 1523 U.S. residents was used to aid understanding of public perceptions of dog acquisition. Likert-scale questions allowed respondents to assign a level of agreement, within the given scale, to ten statements related to dog acquisition. A significantly higher percentage of women (39...
August 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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