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Pet ownership

Andrea Carvelli, Francesca Iacoponi, Paola Scaramozzino
Understanding animal population size and its demographic features is essential to address Public Health policies as well as to provide valuable information to pet industries and veterinary practitioners. Nevertheless, official data on feline population are not available worldwide. In the present study, the owned cat population size, its demographic attributes, and the ownership profiles have been investigated through a face-to-face questionnaire in a semirural area of Central Italy. The human : cat ratio was equal to 6...
2016: BioMed Research International
Anke S K Frank, Alexandra J R Carthey, Peter B Banks
Introduced predators have a global reputation for causing declines and extinctions of native species. Native prey naiveté towards novel predators is thought to be a key reason for predator impacts. However, naiveté is not necessarily forever: where coexistence establishes, it is likely that naiveté will be reduced through adaptation, and the once alien predator will eventually become recognised by prey. For example, native marsupial bandicoots in Sydney avoid backyards with domestic dogs (C. lupus familiaris), but not domestic cats (Felis catus), even though cats and dogs were both introduced about 200 years ago (Carthey and Banks 2012)...
2016: PloS One
Kirrilly Thompson, Joshua Trigg, Bradley Smith
CONTEXT: Few studies have examined the prevalence of animal ownership among populations likely to be at greater risk from disaster events within a bushfire context. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of vulnerable community members keeping animals and the types of animals kept, as well as perceived risk of harm to pets, and their inclusion in bushfire survival planning. DESIGN: Statewide anonymous online survey in 2014 of adult South Australian animal owners threatened by bushfire in January 2014...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Pamela J Schreiner
Animals interact with humans in multiple ways, including as therapy and service animals, commercially as livestock, as wildlife, and in zoos. But the most common interaction is as companion animals in our homes, with an estimated 180 million cats and dogs living in US households. While pet ownership has been reported to have many health benefits, the findings are inconsistent. Cardiovascular risk factors such as lipids, glucose, obesity, and heart rate variability have improved, worsened, or remained the same in the limited number of studies considering companion animals...
February 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
Stephanie J Lynch, Malcolm R Sears, Robert J Hancox
BACKGROUND: The hygiene hypothesis suggests that early-life exposure to microbial organisms reduces the risk of developing allergies. Thumb-sucking and nail-biting are common childhood habits that may increase microbial exposures. We tested the hypothesis that children who suck their thumbs or bite their nails have a lower risk of developing atopy, asthma, and hay fever in a population-based birth cohort followed to adulthood. METHODS: Parents reported children's thumb-sucking and nail-biting habits when their children were ages 5, 7, 9, and 11 years...
August 2016: Pediatrics
David O Garcia, Eric M Lander, Betsy C Wertheim, JoAnn E Manson, Stella L Volpe, Rowan T Chlebowski, Marcia L Stefanick, Lawrence S Lessin, Lewis H Kuller, Cynthia A Thomson
BACKGROUND: Pet ownership and cancer are both highly prevalent in the United States. Evidence suggests that associations may exist between this potentially modifiable factor and cancer prevention, though studies are sparse. The present report examined whether pet ownership (dog, cat, or bird) is associated with lower risk for total cancer and site-specific obesity-related cancers. METHODS: This was a prospective analysis of 123,560 participants (20,981 dog owners; 19,288 cat owners; 1,338 bird owners; and 81,953 non-pet owners) enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative observational study and clinical trials...
September 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Efrat Lev Amitay, Gal Dubnov Raz, Lital Keinan-Boker
Childhood cancer incidence increases and although rare, it is a leading cause of mortality. Leukemia and lymphoma comprise 40% of all cancers in children but little is known of their etiology. In this study, we examined the associations of breastfeeding and other early life exposures with childhood leukemia and lymphoma. A population-based case-control study carried out in 2011-2013 comprised mothers of 190 incidents (2005-2013) of leukemia/lymphoma cases aged 1-19 yr at diagnosis and 384 population-based controls...
August 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
Shahid I Sheikh, Judy Pitts, Nancy A Ryan-Wenger, Karen S McCoy, Don Hayes
BACKGROUND: Exposure to household domestic animals such as cats and dogs in early life may have some role in pathogenesis of asthma. Racial differences exist in the prevalence of asthma. We hypothesized that there may also be racial differences in pet ownership in families with asthma. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2011 to December 2014 on 823 of 850 (97%) families of children with asthma for pet ownership. Comparisons among racial groups were done using chi square analysis and one-way analysis of variance...
August 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Željka Babić, Ivana Sabolić Pipinić, Veda Marija Varnai, Sanja Kežić, Jelena Macan
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of cytokine genes are an interesting focus for association studies involving atopic diseases due to their role in immune cell communications during inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate associations of TNFα -308G>A, TNFα -238G>A, IL-1α -889C>T and IL-10 -1082G>A polymorphisms with atopic diseases with adjustment for confounding lifestyle and environmental factors. METHODS: This study was performed on 356 Croatian students...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Lapo Mughini-Gras, Margriet Harms, Wilfrid van Pelt, Elena Pinelli, Titia Kortbeek
Toxocara canis, Toxocara cati and Ascaris suum are worldwide-distributed zoonotic roundworms of dogs, cats and pigs, respectively. The epidemiology of these parasites in developed countries is largely unclear. Two countrywide cross-sectional serosurveys were therefore conducted in the Netherlands in 1995/1996 and 2006/2007 to investigate the prevalence, trends and risk factors for human Toxocara and Ascaris infections in the general population. The Netherlands is characterized by high pig production, freedom from stray dogs and virtual absence of autochthonous infections with the human-adapted roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides...
October 2016: Parasitology Research
A M Gadomski, M B Scribani, N Krupa, P Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership has been associated with increased physical activity in children which in turn may mitigate childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: To measure the association between child-dog attachment and child physical activity and screen time. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 370 children (ages 4-10) who had pet dogs in the home. Parents completed the DartScreen, a web-based screener, before a well-child visit. Screener domains included child body mass index (BMI), physical activity, screen time and dog-related questions...
May 27, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
Clara Marin, Santiago Vega, Francisco Marco-Jiménez
Turtles may be considered unsafe pets, particularly in households with children. This study aimed to assess Salmonella carriage by turtles in pet stores and in private ownership to inform the public of the potential health risk, enabling informed choices around pet selection. During the period between September and October 2013, 24 pet stores and 96 private owners were sampled in the Valencian Region (Eastern Spain). Salmonella identification procedure was based on ISO 6579: 2002 recommendations (Annex D). Salmonella strains were serotyped in accordance with Kauffman-White-Le-Minor technique...
July 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Imala Ogechi, Kassandra Snook, Bionca M Davis, Andrew R Hansen, Fengqi Liu, Jian Zhang
INTRODUCTION: In a recent statement, the American Heart Association stated "There are scant data on pet ownership and survival in people without established cardiovascular disease (CVD)". This study sought to fill this gap. METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data of 3964 adults aged ≥50 who were free from major physical illnesses. Pet ownership was assessed at baseline between 1988 and 1994. Vital status was followed through December 31st 2006. RESULTS: With dogs being most popular pets owned by 22...
September 2016: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
Anja Thronicke, Nikola Heger, Elisabeth Antweiler, Alexander Krannich, Jobst Roehmel, Claudia Brandt, Doris Staab, Kathrin Tintelnot, Carsten Schwarz
BACKGROUND: Late diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is associated with significant lung function decline and morbidity in cystic fibrosis (CF). The association of ABPA and domestic pet ownership in patients with CF has not been elucidated yet. Our objective was to determine the association of ABPA with pet ownership in patients with CF. METHODS: Clinical and microbiological data from certified local patient registry were analyzed for 109 patients with CF aged 1-64 years: 55 pet owner and 54 non-pet owners...
September 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Mari Sasaki, Koichi Yoshida, Yuichi Adachi, Mayumi Furukawa, Toshiko Itazawa, Hiroshi Odajima, Hirohisa Saito, Michihiro Hide, Akira Akasawa
BACKGROUND: Genetic and environmental factors are known to be related to the development of childhood eczema. Our aim was to assess the environmental factors associated with the prevalence of eczema among children using a web-based survey. METHODS: In June 2012, we conducted a nation-wide web-based survey to identify the prevalence and characteristics of allergic diseases among Japanese children. The prevalence of allergic diseases including eczema was assessed using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood core questionnaire...
April 25, 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
O Oluwole, S P Kirychuk, J A Lawson, C Karunanayake, D W Cockcroft, P J Willson, A Senthilselvan, D C Rennie
Current knowledge regarding the association between indoor mold exposures and asthma is still limited. The objective of this case-control study was to investigate the relationship between objectively measured indoor mold levels and current asthma among school-aged children. Parents completed a questionnaire survey of health history and home environmental conditions. Asthma cases had a history of doctor diagnosed asthma or current wheeze without a cold in the past 12 months. Controls were age and sex-matched to cases...
April 24, 2016: Indoor Air
Louise Maranda, Olga T Gupta
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) a chronic characterized by an absolute insulin deficiency requires conscientious patient self-management to maintain glucose control within a normal range. Family cohesion and adaptability, positive coping strategies, social support and adequate self-regulatory behavior are found to favorably influence glycemic control. Our hypothesis was that the responsible care of a companion animal is associated with these positive attributes and correlated with the successful management of a chronic illness such as type 1 diabetes...
2016: PloS One
Helen G Coleman, Ronan T Gray, Kar W Lau, Conall McCaughey, Peter V Coyle, Liam J Murray, Brian T Johnston
AIM: To evaluate the association between various lifestyle factors and achalasia risk. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted in Northern Ireland, including n = 151 achalasia cases and n = 117 age- and sex-matched controls. Lifestyle factors were assessed via a face-to-face structured interview. The association between achalasia and lifestyle factors was assessed by unconditional logistic regression, to produce odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI)...
April 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
O Niewiadomski, C Studd, J Wilson, J Williams, C Hair, R Knight, E Prewett, P Dabkowski, S Alexander, B Allen, D Dowling, W Connell, P Desmond, S Bell
BACKGROUND: The Barwon area in Australia has one of the highest incidence rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and therefore is an ideal location to study the impact of environmental exposures on the disease's development. AIM: To study these exposures prior to the development of IBD in a population-based cohort. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-two incident cases (81 Crohn disease (CD) and 51 ulcerative colitis (UC)) from an IBD registry and 104 controls replied to the International Organization of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases environmental questionnaire...
June 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Caroline J Lodge, Shyamali C Dharmage
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exposures during the perinatal period, a phase of rapid development, may have a profound and sustained effect on disease risk. In particular, perinatal exposures may influence the development and maturation of the infant immune system and the risk of allergic disease. We aimed to summarize the current literature on perinatal exposures and the risk of asthma and allergic disease RECENT FINDINGS: Increased risk of offspring wheeze or asthma was found for: maternal obesity and hypertension during pregnancy; febrile illness, gynaecological, and viral respiratory infections in pregnancy; exposure to bisphenol A and phthalates in pregnancy and childhood; exposure to smoking in utero; low birth weight; caesarean section and neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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