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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403172/a-first-estimate-of-the-structure-and-density-of-the-populations-of-pet-cats-and-dogs-across-great-britain
#1
James Aegerter, David Fouracre, Graham C Smith
Policy development, implementation, and effective contingency response rely on a strong evidence base to ensure success and cost-effectiveness. Where this includes preventing the establishment or spread of zoonotic or veterinary diseases infecting companion cats and dogs, descriptions of the structure and density of the populations of these pets are useful. Similarly, such descriptions may help in supporting diverse fields of study such as; evidence-based veterinary practice, veterinary epidemiology, public health and ecology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385744/pets-at-home-promotes-responsible-rabbit-ownership-over-easter
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385500/successful-strategies-implemented-towards-the-elimination-of-canine-rabies-in-the-western-hemisphere
#3
REVIEW
Andres Velasco-Villa, Luis E Escobar, Anthony Sanchez, Mang Shi, Daniel G Streicker, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Fernando Vargas-Pino, Veronica Gutierrez-Cedillo, Inger Damon, Ginny Emerson
Almost all cases of human rabies result from dog bites, making the elimination of canine rabies a global priority. During recent decades, many countries in the Western Hemisphere have carried out large-scale dog vaccination campaigns, controlled their free-ranging dog populations and enforced legislation for responsible pet ownership. This article reviews progress in eliminating canine rabies from the Western Hemisphere. After briefly summarizing the history of control efforts and describing the approaches listed above, we note that programs in some countries have been hindered by societal attitudes and severe economic disparities, which underlines the need to discuss measures that will be required to complete the elimination of canine rabies throughout the region...
April 4, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381231/exposure-to-household-furry-pets-influences-the-gut-microbiota-of-infant-at-3-4%C3%A2-months-following-various-birth-scenarios
#4
Hein M Tun, Theodore Konya, Tim K Takaro, Jeffrey R Brook, Radha Chari, Catherine J Field, David S Guttman, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Padmaja Subbarao, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, Anita L Kozyrskyj
BACKGROUND: Early-life exposure to household pets has the capacity to reduce risk for overweight and allergic disease, especially following caesarean delivery. Since there is some evidence that pets also alter the gut microbial composition of infants, changes to the gut microbiome are putative pathways by which pet exposure can reduce these risks to health. To investigate the impact of pre- and postnatal pet exposure on infant gut microbiota following various birth scenarios, this study employed a large subsample of 746 infants from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development Study (CHILD) cohort, whose mothers were enrolled during pregnancy between 2009 and 2012...
April 6, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364830/impact-of-a-3-year-pet-management-program-on-pet-population-and-owner-s-perception
#5
Esther Dias Costa, Camila Marinelli Martins, Graziela Ribeiro Cunha, Dariane Cristina Catapan, Fernando Ferreira, Simone Tostes Oliveira, Rita de Cassia Maria Garcia, Alexander Welker Biondo
Although pet population management programs have been established worldwide, few reports on program evaluation have been carried out to date. Accordingly, a 3-year longitudinal study has been carried out in a 4000 household neighborhood located within the metropolitan area of Curitiba, the eighth most populated city of Brazil. Visits were conducted and questionnaires completed to estimate and characterize the local pet population (animal sex, reproductive and vaccination status, street access). Care provided by owners, community perception on stray dog management and the possible changes were compared in these variables over time (2010 and 2013) were evaluated, after the establishment of a city pet population management program...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353582/association-between-pet-ownership-and-coronary-artery-disease-in-a-chinese-population
#6
Zhi-Yong Xie, Di Zhao, Bing-Rui Chen, You-Nan Wang, Yao Ma, Hao-Jie Shi, Yang Yang, Ze-Mu Wang, Lian-Sheng Wang
A number of studies have suggested the benefits of pet ownership to human health, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, there are few findings regarding pet ownership and coronary artery disease (CAD). The objective of this study is to investigate the association between pet ownership and CAD in a Chinese population. From October 2015 to May 2016, a survey consisting of 561 consecutive patients was done in Nanjing, China. Based on the results of coronary arteriography for the first time, participants were divided into 2 groups (non-CAD and CAD groups)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349241/quality-of-life-a-many-splendored-thing-belgian-population-norms-and-34-potential-determinants-explored-by-beta-regression
#7
Joke Bilcke, Niel Hens, Philippe Beutels
PURPOSE: To identify determinants of health-related quality-of-life in the Belgian population and to provide age-specific population norms of health-related quality-of-life. METHODS: Between September 2010 and February 2011, a representative sample of 1774 persons (age 0-99) was surveyed using the standard Euroqol questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) with a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Significant determinants were identified using multivariate beta (VAS) and one-inflated beta (EQ-5D) regression, the latter modelling the probability to be in perfect health separately from the average EQ-5D score if not in perfect health...
March 27, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306717/barriers-to-dog-rabies-vaccination-during-an-urban-rabies-outbreak-qualitative-findings-from-arequipa-peru
#8
Ricardo Castillo-Neyra, Joanna Brown, Katty Borrini, Claudia Arevalo, Michael Z Levy, Alison Buttenheim, Gabrielle C Hunter, Victor Becerra, Jere Behrman, Valerie A Paz-Soldan
BACKGROUND: Canine rabies was reintroduced to the city of Arequipa, Peru in March 2015. The Ministry of Health has conducted a series of mass dog vaccination campaigns to contain the outbreak, but canine rabies virus transmission continues in Arequipa's complex urban environment, putting the city's 1 million inhabitants at risk of infection. The proximate driver of canine rabies in Arequipa is low dog vaccination coverage. Our objectives were to qualitatively assess barriers to and facilitators of rabies vaccination during mass campaigns, and to explore strategies to increase participation in future efforts...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270741/sensitization-to-secretoglobin-and-lipocalins-in-a-group-of-young-children-with-risk-of-developing-respiratory-allergy
#9
Mizuho Nagao, Magnus P Borres, Mayumi Sugimoto, Carl Johan Petersson, Satoshi Nakayama, Yu Kuwabara, Sawako Masuda, Patrik Dykiel, Takao Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: Multiple sensitizations in early age have been reported to be a risk for development of asthma. This study evaluates the emergence and evolution of IgE to aeroallergens among a cohort of children with physician-diagnosed atopic dermatitis and/or showing food allergy symptoms and to examine the relation to asthma development. METHODS: Three-hundred and four children (median age 13.4 months at entry) with food allergy symptoms and/or atopic dermatitis without asthma at inclusion were analysed for IgE antibodies against food-, indoor- and outdoor-allergens and pet allergen components and correlated to the individuals' outcome on asthma inception...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264460/companion-animals-and-child-adolescent-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca Purewal, Robert Christley, Katarzyna Kordas, Carol Joinson, Kerstin Meints, Nancy Gee, Carri Westgarth
Childhood and adolescence are important developmental phases which influence health and well-being across the life span. Social relationships are fundamental to child and adolescent development; yet studies have been limited to children's relationships with other humans. This paper provides an evidence review for the potential associations between pet ownership and emotional; behavioural; cognitive; educational and social developmental outcomes. As the field is in the early stages; a broad set of inclusion criteria was applied...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171740/social-emotional-adjustment-and-pet-ownership-among-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Amanda Ward, Nicole Arola, Amy Bohnert, Rebecca Lieb
Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often experience poor social-emotional adjustment and interactions with peers, but taking care of a family pet may serve as a buffer. This study utilized 81 parent-adolescent dyads to examine how dimensions of pet ownership (responsibility, comfort, companionship) may be associated with social-emotional adjustment (depression, loneliness, friendship quality) among adolescents with ASD, as well as how social impairments may influence these relations. Results revealed that adolescents who took more responsibility for their pet exhibited fewer depressive symptoms...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110284/injuries-caused-by-pets-in-asian-urban-households-a-cross-sectional-telephone-survey
#12
Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting. SETTING: Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in Hong Kong accessible by telephone land-line. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 43 542 telephone numbers were dialled and 6570 residents successfully completed the interviews...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105720/primates-on-display-potential-disease-consequences-beyond-bushmeat
#13
Michael P Muehlenbein
Human interactions with nonhuman primates vary tremendously, from daily cultural engagements and food commodities, to pet ownership and tourist encounters. These interactions provide opportunities for the exchange of pathogenic organisms (both zoonoses and anthroponoses). As exposures are not limited to areas where bushmeat usage continues to be a major problem, we must work to understand better our motivations for engaging in activities like owning primates as pets and having direct physical contact with wild primates within the context of nature-based tourism...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091338/molecular-epidemiological-analysis-to-assess-the-influence-of-pet-ownership-in-the-biodiversity-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-mrsa-in-dog-and-non-dog-owning-healthy-households
#14
J C VAN Balen, T Landers, E Nutt, A Dent, A E Hoet
It has been suggested that zoonotic transmission of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) can occur between owners and their pets within the same household. However, the influence that pet-ownership could have in the biodiversity of SA/MRSA strains circulating among owners is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to perform a molecular epidemiological analysis to evaluate and compare the biodiversity of SA/MRSA strains in dog-owning and non-dog-owning healthy households within the same community...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086987/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-cats-in-mainland-china
#15
Huan Ding, Yu-Meng Gao, Yao Deng, Poppy H L Lamberton, Da-Bing Lu
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii which can infect all warm-blooded animals. As the most common feline definitive host, cats play a vital role in the transmission of T. gondii. However, national estimates of the seroprevalence of T. gondii in cats in mainland China are lacking, and therefore a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to provide insight into national environmental transmission levels and potential transmission to humans. METHODS: Studies published up until July 1, 2016, on T...
January 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067995/antibody-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-women-from-multan-pakistan
#16
M M Nazir, M Akhtar, A Maqbool, A Waheed, M A Sajid, M A Ali, M Oneeb, M A Alam, A N Ahmad, N Nazir, S Fatima, D S Lindsay
Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in humans and warm-blooded animals. Maternal infections during pregnancy may have devastating consequences for transplacentally infected neonates. This study was conducted to examine the seroprevalence of antibodies to T. gondii in pregnant women of childbearing age and determine risk factors associated with pregnancy history, pet ownership, social and cultural factors at Nishtar Hospital, Multan. Samples were collected from 403 women and examined using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
January 9, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048700/tu-d-bra-00-treatment-planning-system-commissioning-and-qa
#17
Greg Salomons
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048038/tu-d-bra-01-tps-commissioning-and-qa-planning-and-monitoring
#18
G Salomons
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047373/tu-d-bra-02-recommendations-of-mppg-5-and-practical-implementation-strategies
#19
J Smilowitz
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046707/tu-d-bra-03-tps-commissioning-and-qa-incorporating-the-entire-planning-process
#20
S Mutic
INTRODUCTION: Treatment planning systems (TPS) are a cornerstone of modern radiation therapy. Errors in their commissioning or use can have a devastating impact on many patients. To support safe and high quality care, medical physicists must conduct efficient and proper commissioning, good clinical integration, and ongoing quality assurance (QA) of the TPS. AAPM Task Group 53 and related publications have served as seminal benchmarks for TPS commissioning and QA over the past two decades...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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