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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432929/performance-testing-of-the-neutron-flux-monitors-from-10kev-to-1mev-developed-for-bnct-a-preliminary-study
#1
Xingcai Guan, Masanobu Manabe, Shingo Tamaki, Fuminobu Sato, Isao Murata, Tieshan Wang
The neutron flux monitors from 10keV to 1MeV designed for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) were experimentally tested with prototype monitors in an appropriate neutron field produced at the intense deuterium-tritium neutron source facility OKTAVIAN of Osaka University, Japan. The experimental test results and related analysis indicated that the performance of the monitors was good and the neutron fluxes from 10keV to 1MeV of practical BNCT neutron sources can be measured within 10% by the monitors.
April 12, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432891/modification-of-an-existing-in%C3%A2-vitro-method-to-predict-relative-bioavailable-arsenic-in-soils
#2
Shane Whitacre, Nicholas Basta, Brooke Stevens, Valerie Hanley, Richard Anderson, Kirk Scheckel
The soil matrix can sequester arsenic (As) and reduces its exposure by soil ingestion. In vivo dosing studies and in vitro gastrointestinal (IVG) methods have been used to predict relative bioavailable (RBA) As. Originally, the Ohio State University (OSU-IVG) method predicted RBA As for soils exclusively from mining and smelting sites with a median of 5,636 mg As kg(-1). The objectives of the current study were to (i) evaluate the ability of the OSU-IVG method to predict RBA As for As contaminated soils with a wider range of As content and As contaminant sources, and (ii) evaluate a modified extraction procedure's ability to improve prediction of RBA As...
April 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432874/delayed-changes-in-auditory-status-in-cochlear-implant-users-with-preserved-acoustic-hearing
#3
Rachel A Scheperle, Viral D Tejani, Julia K Omtvedt, Carolyn J Brown, Paul J Abbas, Marlan R Hansen, Bruce J Gantz, Jacob J Oleson, Marie V Ozanne
This retrospective review explores delayed-onset hearing loss in 85 individuals receiving cochlear implants designed to preserve acoustic hearing at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics between 2001 and 2015. Repeated measures of unaided behavioral audiometric thresholds, electrode impedance, and electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP) amplitude growth functions were used to characterize longitudinal changes in auditory status. Participants were grouped into two primary categories according to changes in unaided behavioral thresholds: (1) stable hearing or symmetrical hearing loss and (2) delayed loss of hearing in the implanted ear...
April 12, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432683/prospective-evaluation-of-the-diagnostic-value-of-sensitive-kit-d816v-mutation-analysis-of-blood-in-adults-with-suspected-systemic-mastocytosis
#4
Thomas Kristensen, Hanne Vestergaard, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen, Charlotte Gotthard Mortz, Henrik Fomsgaard Kjaer, Markus Ollert, Michael Boe Møller, Sigurd Broesby-Olsen
BACKGROUND: Sensitive KIT D816V mutation analysis of blood has been proposed to guide bone marrow (BM) investigation in suspected systemic mastocytosis (SM). The aim of this prospective study was for the first time to compare the D816V-status of the "screening blood sample" used to guide BM biopsy in suspected SM to the outcome of the subsequent BM investigation. METHODS: 58 adult patients with suspected SM were included. The outcome of sensitive KIT D816V-analysis of blood was compared to the result of the BM investigation...
April 22, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432660/management-of-dyslipidemias-in-europe-and-the-usa-same-evidence-different-conclusions-can-we-find-common-ground
#5
REVIEW
Ian M Graham, Alberico L Catapano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: An examination of the current ACC/AHA and ESC/EAS Guidelines on the management of dyslipidemias for common ground and differences. RECENT FINDINGS: There is much common ground. Both note that ASCVD is, in most people, the product of a number of risk factors, notably tobacco exposure, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, inactivity, overweight and diabetes. They stress that risk calculators can help in the assessment of risk in apparently healthy persons...
June 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432548/prostate-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-in-black-college-men-a-qualitative-study
#6
Krista Mincey, Brian L Turner, Khila Anderson, Sheldon Maurice, Rachel Neal, Camille White
This qualitative study explores prostate cancer knowledge and risk in Black college men. Using the Health Belief Model as a guide, focus groups and interviews were conducted with 35 Black males at a historically black college and university. Thematic analysis was conducted and general themes were found. Results indicate that Black college males have very little knowledge and understanding of what their prostate is and what it does. They are also unaware of their risk of developing prostate cancer. Additionally, while many believe prostate cancer is severe, few believe they are susceptible to getting it...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432499/depressive-symptoms-and-tobacco-use-does-religious-orientation-play-a-protective-role
#7
Stacy C Parenteau
Many studies have established an association between depression and smoking. The main objective of this study was to determine whether religious orientation moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and tobacco use. This study utilized a cross-sectional data collection strategy to examine the relationship among depressive symptoms, religious orientation, and tobacco use among undergraduate students (N = 349) at a midsize southeastern university. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Extrinsic/Intrinsic Religious Orientation Scale-Revised and the Drinking and Drug Habits Questionnaire...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432444/endoscopic-ultrasonography-and-computed-tomography-scanning-for-preoperative-staging-of-colonic-cancer
#8
M L Malmstrøm, I Gögenur, L B Riis, H Hassan, T W Klausen, T Perner, A Săftoiu, P Vilmann
PURPOSE: With an increasing demand for more accurate preoperative staging methods for colon cancer, we aimed to compare preoperative tumour (T)- and nodal (N)-stage in patients with left-sided colon cancer by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and computed tomography (CT) with post-operative histology as gold standard. METHODS: A total of 44 patients were prospectively recruited at Herlev and Roskilde University Hospitals during November 2014-January 2016. Thirty-five patients were included in the final analysis and underwent EUS, CT and surgery within 2 weeks...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432417/exploring-the-possibility-of-a-retrograde-embolism-pathway-from-the-facial-artery-to-the-ophthalmic-artery-system-in-vivo
#9
Hui Zheng, Lihong Qiu, Zonghui Liu, Yingjun Su, Xinyuan Pan, Sha Liu, Chenggang Yi
BACKGROUND: Blindness caused by soft tissue fillers is an extremely low-probability event, but it results in great concern because of its devastating consequences. Currently, the mechanism of an embolism is usually considered to be an accidental injection of fillers into the blood vessels of the face, such as a facial artery, and then retrograding into the ophthalmic artery system, which causes retinal ischemic necrosis. In addition, previous studies have shown that there are anastomoses between facial arteries and branches of the ophthalmic artery in cadavers...
April 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432389/-university-pathology-in-germany
#10
C Röcken, G B Baretton, H H Kreipe, T Kirchner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432297/high-probability-of-comorbidities-in-bronchial-asthma-in-germany
#11
S Heck, S Al-Shobash, D Rapp, D D Le, A Omlor, A Bekhit, M Flaig, B Al-Kadah, W Herian, R Bals, S Wagenpfeil, Q T Dinh
Clinical experience has shown that allergic and non-allergic respiratory, metabolic, mental, and cardiovascular disorders sometimes coexist with bronchial asthma. However, no study has been carried out that calculates the chance of manifestation of these disorders with bronchial asthma in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Using ICD10 diagnoses from health care institutions, the present study systematically analyzed the co-prevalence and odds ratios of comorbidities in the asthma population in Germany...
April 21, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432180/new-york-university-sacks-professor-for-refusing-flu-shot
#12
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432008/turkish-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-validity-and-reliability-among-university-students
#13
Murat Bas, Kezban Esen Karaca, Duygu Saglam, Gozde Arıtıcı, Ecem Cengiz, Selen Köksal, Aylin Hasbay Buyukkaragoz
Intuitive Eating is defined as "the dynamic process-integrating attunement of mind, body, and food". The purpose of this study was, therefore, adapt the IES-2 to the Turkish language and reliability and validity of IES-2 among Turkish populations. We also examined the instrument's internal consistency and test-retest reliability and analysed the relationships between the IES-2 and several variables so as to evaluate the convergent and discriminant validity. Three hundred seventy-seven undergraduate and postgraduate women and men between the ages of 19-31 years (mean 22...
April 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431934/etiological-analysis-and-epidemiological-comparison-among-adult-cap-and-nhcap-patients-in-okinawa-japan
#14
Gretchen Parrott, Daijiro Nebeya, Takeshi Kinjo, Kazuya Miyagi, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Jiro Fujita
BACKGROUND: Etiological epidemiology and diagnosis are important issues for CAP and NHCAP. Despite the availability of effective therapies, significant morbidity and mortality ensues. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the etiology of 200 pneumonia patients at the University of the Ryukyus Hospital. Patients were categorized into CAP (n = 97) or NHCAP (n = 103), according to the Japanese Respiratory Society guidelines. Diagnoses were made using clinical tests including, Gram stain, bacterial culture, serum and urinary tests...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431933/caspofungin-versus-micafungin-in-the-incidence-of-hepatotoxicity-in%C3%A2-patients-with-normal-to-moderate-liver-failure
#15
Yuichi Shibata, Mao Hagihara, Hideo Kato, Noriyo Kawasumi, Jun Hirai, Naoya Nishiyama, Nobuhiro Asai, Yusuke Koizumi, Yuka Yamagishi, Katsuhiko Matsuura, Hiroshige Mikamo
BACKGROUND: One of the major adverse events of caspofungin and micafungin is hepatotoxicity, however, there are few reports compared the incidence of hepatotoxicity between caspofungin and micafungin. Herein, the primary objective of this study was to compare the incidence of hepatotoxicity between caspofungin and micafungin treatments for patients with fungal or suspected fungal infection. METHODS: In total, 201 patients [caspofungin group: 66 patients; micafungin group: 135 patients] treated with echinocandins from April 2014 to November 2015 at Aichi Medical University Hospital...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#16
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431817/pneumococcal-carriage-among-children-after-four-years-of-routine-10-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-use-in-brazil-the-emergence-of-multidrug-resistant-serotype-6c
#17
Felipe P G Neves, Nayara T Cardoso, Robert E Snyder, Mariel A Marlow, Claudete A A Cardoso, Lúcia M Teixeira, Lee W Riley
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) was introduced free of charge in Brazil as part of the public immunization program. Here we investigated the carriage prevalence, colonization risk factors, capsular types, and antimicrobial resistance among pneumococcal isolates obtained from children in Brazil four years after routine PCV10 use. METHODS: Between September and December 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study among children<6years old who attended one public and two private clinics in Niterói, RJ, Brazil to evaluate pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage...
April 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431809/pilot-study-of-changes-in-presepsin-concentrations-compared-with-changes-in-procalcitonin-and-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-after-cardiovascular-surgery
#18
Junichi Saito, Eiji Hashiba, Akio Mikami, Tomoyuki Kudo, Hidetomo Niwa, Kazuyoshi Hirota
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated the presepsin-concentration profile after cardiac surgery compared with those of procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP). DESIGN: A single-center, prospective, observational clinical study. SETTING: Hirosaki University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery without preoperative infection and end-stage kidney disease requiring dialysis. The patients also were subdivided into 2 groups with respect to the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431578/is-the-effectiveness-of-patellofemoral-bracing-modified-by-patellofemoral-alignment-and-trochlear-morphology
#19
Xi Zhang, Jillian P Eyles, Joanna Makovey, Matthew J Williams, David J Hunter
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine if the effectiveness of patellofemoral bracing as a treatment for patellofemoral osteoarthritis is influenced by patellofemoral joint alignment and trochlear morphology. We hypothesized that those with more extreme patellar malalignment would benefit more from bracing. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients who had received bracing as part of a comprehensive treatment plan for patellofemoral osteoarthritis were selected for this study...
April 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431557/the-effect-of-vitamin-b12-supplementation-in-nepalese-infants-on-growth-and-development-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Tor A Strand, Manjeswori Ulak, Ram K Chandyo, Ingrid Kvestad, Mari Hysing, Merina Shrestha, Sudha Basnet, Suman Ranjitkar, Laxman Shrestha, Prakash S Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is one of the most common micronutrient deficiencies and is associated with poor cognitive development and growth. Vitamin B12 is crucial for normal cell division and differentiation, and it is necessary for the development and myelination of the central nervous system. The aim of the present study is to measure the effect of daily supplementation of vitamin B12 on the neurodevelopment and growth of young children in Nepal. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting an individually randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 600 marginally stunted children 6-11 months old (length for age less than -1 z-score)...
April 21, 2017: Trials
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