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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813101/forage-potential-of-native-ecotypes-of-paspalum-notatum-and-p-guenoarum
#1
Marcelo G Steiner, Miguel Dall'agnol, Carlos Nabinger, Simone M Scheffer-Basso, Roberto L Weiler, Carine Simioni, Maria Teresa Schifino-Wittmann, Éder A M DA Motta
The Paspalum genus includes several species that are important for livestock in Rio Grande do Sul, such as P. notatum and P. guenoarum, typical of native pastures of the Pampa biome. The aim of this study was to investigate forage production and chemical composition of four ecotypes of these species in relation to the cv. 'Pensacola' (P. notatum). Ecotypes of P. guenoarum (Azulão and Baio) and P. notatum (André da Rocha and Bagual) and the cv. 'Pensacola' were evaluated for two years, during which four cuts/year were made...
August 14, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813070/neonatal-hearing-screening-in-primary-health-care-and-family-health-care
#2
José Carlos Sabbag, Adriana Bender Moreira de Lacerda
Purpose: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) looks for early diagnosis and rehabilitation of newborns at risk or not of hearing impairment. The purpose is analyze the flow of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in the family health care strategy unit through the tracking and monitoring of children. Methods: This is a quantitative and retrospective study. The trace begins with the third copy of the Live Newborn Declaration, filled in at the maternity ward...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812989/small-smart-fast-and-cheap-microchip-based-sensors-to-estimate-air-pollution-exposures-in-rural-households
#3
Ajay Pillarisetti, Tracy Allen, Ilse Ruiz-Mercado, Rufus Edwards, Zohir Chowdhury, Charity Garland, L Drew Hill, Michael Johnson, Charles D Litton, Nicholas L Lam, David Pennise, Kirk R Smith
Over the last 20 years, the Kirk R. Smith research group at the University of California Berkeley-in collaboration with Electronically Monitored Ecosystems, Berkeley Air Monitoring Group, and other academic institutions-has developed a suite of relatively inexpensive, rugged, battery-operated, microchip-based devices to quantify parameters related to household air pollution. These devices include two generations of particle monitors; data-logging temperature sensors to assess time of use of household energy devices; a time-activity monitoring system using ultrasound; and a CO₂-based tracer-decay system to assess ventilation rates...
August 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812957/examining-gender-bias-in-the-feedback-shared-with-family-medicine-residents
#4
Chantal Loeppky, Oksana Babenko, Shelley Ross
OBJECTIVES: Competency-based education places increasing emphasis on formative feedback to learners as part of the assessment process. We wished to determine if gender bias was present in the feedback shared with post-graduate medical trainees (residents) in a two-year family medicine residency program at a Canadian university. METHODS: We performed secondary data analyses of documented feedback (FieldNotes) extracted from the Competency-Based Achievement System database...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812946/nurse-researchers-perspectives-on-research-ethics-in-china
#5
Can Gu, Man Ye, Xiaomin Wang, Min Yang, Honghong Wang, Kaveh Khoshnood
BACKGROUND: In China, research ethics is a subject of increasingly formal regulation. However, little is known about how nursing researchers understand the concept of research ethics and the ways in which they can maintain ethical standards in their work. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine nursing researchers' perspectives on research ethics in China. RESEARCH DESIGN: We conducted a descriptive qualitative study. Qualitative research methods enabled us to gain an in-depth understanding of nursing researchers' views on research ethics...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812936/investigation-of-goldmann-perimetry-in-evaluation-of-patients-for-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty
#6
John D Pemberton, Michael Salter, Aaron Fay, Bradley Thuro, Horace Spencer, Omar Dajani
PURPOSE: To determine if preoperative Goldmann Visual Field (GVF) testing in patients with functional dermatochalasis accurately depicts the postoperative superior visual field (SVF) outcome. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was done to compare preoperative and postoperative GVF field tests in patients undergoing upper eyelid blepharoplasty for treatment of dermatochalasis. This study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences institutional review board...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#7
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812907/recommended-reading-from-university-hospital-cleveland-fellows
#8
Amy Attaway, Mirna Ayache, Shrey Velani, Joanne McKell
We review three recent and very interesting articles that have come out in the literature that made us reconsider certain aspects of asthma. These studies ask us whether a biologic is emerging that can be used in patients with normal IgE and no evidence of eosinophilia, if late onset asthma is associated with cardiovascular disease, and finally how different types of environmental exposures can influence the development of asthma in farming cultures.
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812847/evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-for-universal-health-coverage-broadening-the-scope-comment-on-priority-setting-for-universal-health-coverage-we-need-evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-not-just-more-evidence-on-cost-effectiveness
#9
Unni Gopinathan, Trygve Ottersen
Universal health coverage (UHC) is high on the global health agenda, and priority setting is fundamental to the fair and efficient pursuit of this goal. In a recent editorial, Rob Baltussen and colleagues point to the need to go beyond evidence on cost-effectiveness and call for evidence-informed deliberative processes when setting priorities for UHC. Such processes are crucial at every step on the path to UHC, and hopefully we will see intensified efforts to develop and implement processes of this kind in the coming years...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812841/university-of-global-health-equity-s-contribution-to-the-reduction-of-education-and-health-services-rationing
#10
EDITORIAL
Agnes Binagwaho
The inadequate supply of health workers and demand-side barriers due to clinical practice that heeds too little attention to cultural context are serious obstacles to achieving universal health coverage and the fulfillment of the human rights to health, especially for the poor and vulnerable living in remote rural areas. A number of strategies have been deployed to increase both the supply of healthcare workers and the demand for healthcare services. However, more can be done to improve service delivery as well as mitigate the geographic inequalities that exist in this field...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812807/health-technology-assessment-global-advocacy-and-local-realities-comment-on-priority-setting-for-universal-health-coverage-we-need-evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-not-just-more-evidence-on-cost-effectiveness
#11
Kalipso Chalkidou, Ryan Li, Anthony J Culyer, Amanda Glassman, Karen J Hofman, Yot Teerawattananon
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) can help countries attain and sustain universal health coverage (UHC), as long as it is context-specific and considered within deliberative processes at the country level. Institutionalising robust deliberative processes requires significant time and resources, however, and countries often begin by demanding evidence (including local CEA evidence as well as evidence about local values), whilst striving to strengthen the governance structures and technical capacities with which to generate, consider and act on such evidence...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812806/universal-health-coverage-and-primary-healthcare-lessons-from-japan-comment-on-achieving-universal-health-coverage-by-focusing-on-primary-care-in-japan-lessons-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
Gerald Bloom
A recent editorial by Naoki Ikegami has proposed three key lessons from Japan's experience of achieving virtually universal coverage with primary healthcare services: the need to integrate the existing providers of primary healthcare services into the organised health system; the need to limit government commitments to finance hospital services and the need to empower providers of primary healthcare to influence decisions that influence their livelihoods. Although the context of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) differs in many ways from Japan in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the lesson that short-term initiatives to achieve universal coverage need to be complemented by an understanding of the factors influencing long-term change management remains highly relevant...
August 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812720/antagonistic-pleiotropy-and-mutation-accumulation-influence-human-senescence-and-disease
#13
Juan Antonio Rodríguez, Urko M Marigorta, David A Hughes, Nino Spataro, Elena Bosch, Arcadi Navarro
Senescence has long been a public health challenge as well as a fascinating evolutionary problem. There is neither a universally accepted theory for its ultimate causes, nor a consensus about what may be its impact on human health. Here we test the predictions of two evolutionary explanations of senescence-mutation accumulation and antagonistic pleiotropy-which postulate that genetic variants with harmful effects in old ages can be tolerated, or even favoured, by natural selection at early ages. Using data from genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we study the effects of genetic variants associated with diseases appearing at different periods in life, when they are expected to have different impacts on fitness...
January 30, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812518/trust-s-nurse-of-the-year
#14
(no author information available yet)
Nursing student Christina O'Loughlin has had a tram named after her in her home city of Nottingham. The tram bears her name in recognition of her winning Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust's nurse of the year award after a public vote.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812497/-follow-your-heart-not-the-crowd
#15
(no author information available yet)
Zena Aldridge qualified as a mental health nurse in 2003 at the University of East Anglia. In 2013, she was appointed as the first Admiral Lead Nurse for Norfolk, and is now Admiral Nurse for Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, working for Dementia UK.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812478/nursingstandard-com
#16
(no author information available yet)
1 Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust has launched the #EDFit2Sit campaign, providing seating, rather than trolleys, where appropriate. It is hoped the scheme will encourage patients to stay active and avoid deconditioning. Read more: rcni.com/fit-to-sit.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812477/a-bursary-for-men-is-an-insult
#17
Zac Whitewood-Moores
As a man, who trained many years ago as a nurse, I object strongly to this sort of measure ('Coventry University offers bursaries to encourage more men into nursing', online news, 4 August).
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812472/modifiable-risk-factors-associated-with-bronchiolitis
#18
Raffaella Nenna, Renato Cutrera, Antonella Frassanito, Claudia Alessandroni, Ambra Nicolai, Giulia Cangiano, Laura Petrarca, Serena Arima, Serena Caggiano, Nicola Ullman, Paola Papoff, Enea Bonci, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: We sought to clarify possibly modifiable risk factors related to pollution responsible for acute bronchiolitis in hospitalized infants. METHODS: For this observational study, we recruited 213 consecutive infants with bronchiolitis (cases: median age: 2 months; age range: 0.5-12 months; boys: 55.4%) and 213 children aged <3 years (controls: median age: 12 months; age range: 0.5-36 months; boys: 54.5%) with a negative medical history for lower respiratory tract diseases hospitalized at 'Sapienza' University Rome and IRCCS Bambino Gesù Hospital...
August 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812454/risk-factors-for-intrapartum-acidemia-a-cohort-study
#19
Stina Wretler, Lennart Nordström, Sophie Graner, Malin Holzmann
PURPOSE: Birth acidemia is associated with short- and long-term morbidity in the child. Optimal intrapartum surveillance and timely interventions may reduce the incidence of these outcomes. Knowledge about conditions which increase the risks might be beneficial for optimal care. The aim with this study was to identify factors which increased the risk for lactacidemia in fetal scalp blood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of a cohort study performed at Karolinska University Hospital Stockholm Sweden between February 2009 and February 2011...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812451/nonmedical-use-of-over-the-counter-medications-is-significantly-associated-with-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-university-students
#20
Vi T Le, Abigail Norris Turner, Anne McDaniel, Kenneth M Hale, Christina Athas, Nicole C Kwiek
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between nonmedical use of over-the-counter medications (NMUOTC) and nonmedical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD). PARTICIPANTS: University students surveyed on NMUOTC and NMUPD between August and December 2011 (N = 939). METHODS: Cross-sectional data analysis of online survey. RESULTS: The majority of respondents were female, undergraduate, Caucasian, and not affiliated with Greek life...
August 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
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