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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718879/methamphetamine-consumption-and-life-threatening-abdominal-complications-a-case-report
#1
Xiaojing Zou, Haiyan Huang, Le Yang, Hong Liu, Yongfeng Li, Qin Xia, Shiying Yuan, Shanglong Yao
RATIONALE: Methamphetamine (METH) abuse is increasing rapidly all over the world and becoming a significant public health concern in China. However, abdominal complications secondary to METH abuse are usually overlooked. We describe an unusual case of gangrenous cholecystitis and small intestinal ischemia due to METH abuse. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this report, a 44-year-old male patient with abdominal pain and hematochezia has a history of crystal meth abuse. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed as septic shock, paralytic ileus, gangrenous cholecystitis, and small intestinal ischemia due to METH abuse based on computed tomography (CT) scan, endoscopy examination, laparotomy, and pathology...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702337/correlates-and-subgroups-of-injecting-drug-use-in-uk-gay-and-bisexual-men-findings-from-the-2014-gay-men-s-sex-survey
#2
G J Melendez-Torres, Adam Bourne, Ford Hickson, David Reid, Peter Weatherburn
BACKGROUND: Evidence to understand which gay and bisexual men (GBM) inject drugs remains scant, especially in the UK. We describe correlates of last-year injecting in UK GBM, and characterise subgroups of GBM who inject drugs by types of drugs used. METHODS: Using data from the 2014 Gay Men's Sex Survey, an opportunistic internet-based survey conducted of GBM living in the UK, we examined via logistic regression correlates with any injecting of six drugs (amphetamine/speed, crystal methamphetamine, heroin, mephedrone, GHB/GBL, and ketamine) in the last year...
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691128/ice-parties-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-thailand-pleasures-secrecy-and-risks
#3
Thomas E Guadamuz, Pimpawun Boonmongkon
BACKGROUND: Crystal methamphetamine (ice) has become the substance of choice among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in urban Thailand. Yet, there is scarce data on this phenomenon, partly due to the difficulty in accessing men who will disclose and openly discuss the social contexts, meanings and risks surrounding ice practice. We present an ethnography of ice parties, critically discussing the in-depth social meanings of ice; the sexual socialities and the secrecy surrounding its use; the transactions between older and younger men; and the role of the Internet and mobile technology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625796/sexualised-drug-use-in-the-united-kingdom-uk-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Claire Edmundson, Ellen Heinsbroek, Rachel Glass, Vivian Hope, Hamish Mohammed, Martin White, Monica Desai
BACKGROUND: Sexualised drug use (SDU) refers to the use of drugs in a sexual context. This includes 'Chemsex'- the use of drugs (specifically crystal methamphetamine, GHB/GBL and mephedrone) before or during planned sexual activity to sustain, enhance, disinhibit or facilitate the experience. Here we aimed to synthesise available UK prevalence data for Chemsex, SDU and the use of Chemsex drugs in an undefined context (CDU) in men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: Papers published between January 2007 and August 2017 reporting Chemsex, SDU and/or Chemsex drug use (CDU) prevalence in MSM were identified through PubMed...
April 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605540/the-management-of-methamphetamine-use-in-sexual-settings-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-malaysia
#5
Sin How Lim, Mohd Akbar, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: The intentional use of illicit drugs for sexual purposes (also known as 'chemsex') is well known within the MSM communities in Malaysia although research in this population is scarce primarily because both drug use and homosexuality are illegal and stigmatised in Malaysia. METHODS: From April to December 2014, interviews were conducted with twenty men (age range 21-43) living in Greater Kuala Lumpur who had sexual intercourse with other men in the past 6 months and who used illicit drugs at least monthly in the past 3 months...
March 28, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563435/meth-mouth-a-growing-epidemic-in-dentistry
#6
Andreas Pabst, Juan Carlos Castillo-Duque, Axel Mayer, Marcus Klinghuber, Richard Werkmeister
In the past two decades, the synthetic style and fashion drug "crystal meth" ("crystal", "meth"), chemically representing the crystalline form of the methamphetamine hydrochloride, has become more and more popular in the United States, in Eastern Europe, and just recently in Central and Western Europe. "Meth" is cheap, easy to synthesize and to market, and has an extremely high potential for abuse and dependence. As a strong sympathomimetic, "meth" has the potency to switch off hunger, fatigue and, pain while simultaneously increasing physical and mental performance...
October 30, 2017: Dentistry journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559427/a-web-based-toolkit-to-provide-evidence-based-resources-about-crystal-methamphetamine-for-the-australian-community-collaborative-development-of-cracks-in-the-ice
#7
Katrina Elizabeth Champion, Cath Chapman, Nicola Clare Newton, Mary-Ellen Brierley, Lexine Stapinski, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Jack Nagle, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: The use of crystal methamphetamine (ice) and the associated harms for individuals, families, and communities across Australia has been the subject of growing concern in recent years. The provision of easily accessible, evidence-based, and up-to-date information and resources about crystal methamphetamine for the community is a critical component of an effective public health response. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to describe the codevelopment process of the Web-based Cracks in the Ice Community Toolkit, which was developed to improve access to evidence-based information and resources about crystal methamphetamine for the Australian community...
March 20, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544599/sex-drugs-and-social-connectedness-wellbeing-among-hiv-positive-gay-and-bisexual-men-who-use-party-and-play-drugs
#8
Jennifer Power, Gosia Mikołajczak, Adam Bourne, Graham Brown, William Leonard, Anthony Lyons, Gary W Dowsett, Jayne Lucke
Background This paper explores associations between use of party-and-play drugs, including crystal methamphetamine, and wellbeing among HIV positive gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia. This study considers whether use of drugs in a social or sex-based setting facilitates access to social and support networks, which may in turn support wellbeing. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of Australian people living with HIV (PLHIV) was conducted. There were 714 participants (79.7%) who identified as GBM...
April 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535222/shigellosis-outbreak-among-msm-living-with-hiv-a-case-control-study-in-taiwan-2015-2016
#9
Hao-Hsin Wu, Yi-Ting Shen, Chien-Shun Chiou, Chi-Tai Fang, Yi-Chun Lo
OBJECTIVES: Outbreaks of shigellosis among men who have sex with men (MSM) have been reported since the late 1990s. HIV infection is an important risk factor. Since 2014, the global shigellosis epidemic has intensified. Whether chemsex (the use of crystal methamphetamine, γ-hydroxybutyrate or mephedrone to enhance sex) is a new risk factor has not been previously examined. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, case-control study in Taiwan. Acute shigellosis cases diagnosed during the 2015 outbreak among MSM living with HIV were compared with those without shigellosis...
March 13, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496023/crystal-methamphetamine-a-drug-and-cardiovascular-epidemic
#10
EDITORIAL
Ori Ben-Yehuda, Neil Siecke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493091/the-structure-identification-of-a-diphenhydramine-related-impurity-in-methamphetamine
#11
Cuimei Liu, Wei Jia, Yu Han, Zhendong Hua
Some methamphetamine (MA) crystals contain pharmaceutical impurities resulting from the co-ingredients of medicines used for extracting ephedrine/pseudoephedrine. These pharmaceutical impurities and their related byproducts can reflect the trends in precursor chemicals and manufacturing sources. In this research, 1 pharmaceutical-impurity-related byproduct was detected in several seized MA samples synthesized by I/P (Nagai, Moscow, or Hypo) method. Its structure was postulated through the analysis of fragment ions in electron ionization (EI) mass spectrum...
March 1, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484732/sodium-chloride-crystal-induced-sers-platform-for-controlled-highly-sensitive-detection-of-illicit-drugs
#12
Borong Yu, Pan Li, Binbin Zhou, Xianghu Tang, Shaofei Li, Liangbao Yang
A sodium chloride crystal-driven spontaneous 'hot spot' structure was demonstrated as a SERS-active platform, to get reproducible SERS signals, and eliminate the need for mapping large areas, in comparison with solution phase testing. During the process of solvent evaporation, the crystals produced induced silver aggregates to assemble around themselves. The micro-scale crystals can also act as a template to obtain an optical position, such that the assembled hot area is conveniently located during SERS measurements...
April 3, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477085/crystal-methamphetamine-use-and-its-correlates-in-women-engaged-in-sex-work-in-a-developing-country-setting
#13
Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Hamid Sharifi, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Adam W Carrico, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, crystal methamphetamine (CM) use and associated high-risk sexual behaviors are a concern, but they are less studied among female sex workers (FSW) in developing countries. This study aimed to characterize the prevalence and individual, interpersonal, and structural correlates of self-reported past-month CM use among FSW in Iran. METHODS: FSW aged ≥ 18 years who reported penetrative sex with more than one client in the last year were recruited (analytic sample: 1295)...
April 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465683/chemsex-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-sexualized-drug-use-survey-among-clients-of-the-sexually-transmitted-infection-outpatient-clinic-and-users-of-a-gay-dating-app-in-amsterdam-the-netherlands
#14
Susanne Drückler, Martijn S van Rooijen, Henry J C de Vries
OBJECTIVES: Chemsex (i.e., drug use during sex) is practiced by some men who have sex with men (MSM) and is associated with high-risk behavior. In a cross-sectional study at the sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic of Amsterdam, we explored chemsex practices, risk behavior, and STI prevalence. METHOD: A survey on chemsex (γ-hydroxybutyrate, crystal methamphetamine, and/or mephedrone) was offered to clinic clients during routine STI screening and to Amsterdam users of a gay online dating app...
May 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427917/hiv-treatment-optimism-and-crystal-methamphetamine-use-and-initiation-among-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vancouver-canada-a-longitudinal-analysis
#15
Sean P Colyer, Nathan J Lachowsky, Zishan Cui, Julia Zhu, Heather L Armstrong, Matthew Taylor, Joshua Edward, Gbolahan Olarewaju, Robert S Hogg, Eric A Roth, David M Moore
BACKGROUND: Treatment as Prevention (TasP) leading to increased HIV treatment optimism among men who have sex with men (MSM) has been previously associated with behavioural risk compensation, though not yet via crystal methamphetamine (CM) use. Among HIV-negative MSM in a TasP environment, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of recent CM use over time, examine the association between HIV treatment optimism and CM use and initiation, and identify correlates of recent CM use and predictors of CM initiation...
April 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425315/residential-eviction-predicts-initiation-of-or-relapse-into-crystal-methamphetamine-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
William Damon, Ryan McNeil, M-J Milloy, Ekaterina Nosova, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
Reports of increasing methamphetamine use among vulnerable populations may be attributed in part to the adaptive use of stimulants in response to the loss of stable housing through residential eviction. We employed multivariable recurrent event extended Cox regression to examine the independent association between recent evictions and initiation of or relapse into crystal methamphetamine use among people who inject drugs in Vancouver, Canada enrolled in two prospective cohort studies. In a multivariable analysis, eviction remained independently associated with methamphetamine initiation or relapse (adjusted hazard ratio = 1...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402377/towards-a-continuum-of-care-concerning-chemsex-issues
#17
Ingrid Bakker, Leon Knoops
In response to the apparent rise in chemsex in the Netherlands Mainline Foundation interviewed 27 MSM about their crystal meth use and/or experience with injecting in a sexual context. These men were interviewed about their motivation for methamphetamine use, their sexual risk-taking behaviour, methods and context of their drug use, and their information- and care needs. In 2015 this resulted in the status report Tina and Slamming: MSM, Crystal Meth Use and Intravenous Drug Use in a Sexual Context. Following the publication of this report Mainline foundation has been offering harm-reduction intervention for MSM and promoting the development of a continuum of care by building networks, training professionals and investing in advocacy...
February 6, 2018: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334687/cognitive-deficits-in-methamphetamine-users-how-strong-is-the-evidence
#18
Lisa Proebstl, Felicia Kamp, Gabi Koller, Michael Soyka
Methamphetamine use has spread in many European countries and the United States. The current review provides a summary and critical analysis of research on cognitive deficits associated with methamphetamine, also known as "crystal meth." The literature search performed for this review led us to the hypothesis that methamphetamine use is associated with persistent changes in brain metabolism that result in various impairments, such as deficits in memory, attention, and concentration. The dopaminergic system in particular seems to be affected...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330606/the-associations-of-poor-psychiatric-well-being-among-incarcerated-men-with-injecting-drug-use-histories-in-victoria-australia
#19
Reece Cossar, Mark Stoové, Stuart A Kinner, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Michael Curtis, Amy Kirwan, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison and community service integration and continuation of care. In this study we quantified psychiatric well-being in a sample of people in prison with a history of injecting drug use in Victoria, Australia, and identified factors associated with this outcome...
January 13, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237262/attogram-meth-detection-enabled-by-selective-organic-crystal-disaggregation-via-directed-crystal-level-interactions
#20
Wei Xu, Yanyan Fu, Huan Liu, Qingguo He, Huimin Cao, Jiangong Cheng
In this contribution, completely different from traditional probes based on molecular host-guest interaction, crystal level interaction was proposed as an ultrasensitive design strategy for molecule detection. In such a strategy, crystal-guest interaction triggered rapid crystal disaggregation to gain great signal change, far more efficient than molecule scale coupling. Highly ordered pyrene methanol (PM) crystal was self-assembled with hydrogen bond chain and π-π stacking force. Its {011} surface can be destabilized by methamphetamine hydrochlorate (MA, heavily used illicit drug) selectively and efficiently...
January 16, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
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