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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082060/paralytic-ileus-secondary-to-methamphetamine-abuse-a-rare-case
#1
Mark Aidan McKelvie, Yuksel Gercek
Methamphetamine hydrochloride, colloquially referred to as "crystal meth," is a potent psychoactive amphetamine derivate. Methamphetamine produces stimulant effects in the user including increased energy and alertness as well as inducing intense euphoric symptoms and suppressing appetite through its dopaminergic, serotonergic, and adrenergic actions. Use of methamphetamine can adversely affect cardiovascular, neurological, and gastrointestinal physiology leading to significant morbidity. We present a rare case of paralytic ileus secondary to methamphetamine abuse which has only once before been described in the literature...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035917/decreases-in-smoking-during-treatment-for-methamphetamine-use-disorders-preliminary-evidence
#2
Sterling McPherson, Michael Orr, Crystal Lederhos, Michael McDonell, Emily Leickly, Katherine Hirchak, Oladunni A Oluwoye, Sean M Murphy, Matthew Layton, John M Roll
Despite high rates of smoking (70-90%) and the severely negative impact of smoking on physical and mental health, only 12% of individuals receiving stimulant-use disorder treatment also receive smoking-cessation treatment. The aim of this investigation was to examine the effect of a contingency management (CM) intervention targeting methamphetamine (MA) use on cigarette smoking. Sixty-one adults with MA-use disorders who were smokers were assigned to CM or standard psychosocial treatment. Rates of smoking-negative breath samples (carbon monoxide <3 ppm) were compared between the two groups while controlling for baseline carbon monoxide level, marijuana use, MA use, and time...
October 13, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960736/safety-risk-and-aggression-health-professionals-experiences-of-caring-for-people-affected-by-methamphetamine-when-presenting-for-emergency-care
#3
Kim Usher, Debra Jackson, Cindy Woods, Jan Sayers, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary
The crystalline form of methamphetamine, commonly known as crystal meth (crystal methamphetamine) or ICE, is a highly-addictive and powerful stimulant. Users of crystal meth often require emergency care, and are associated with a substantial burden of care by emergency care providers. The aim of the present qualitative study was to explore health professionals' experiences of providing care for patients affected by ICE who presented to the emergency department (ED). Nine semistructured interviews were conducted...
October 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939573/does-psychedelic-drug-use-reduce-risk-of-suicidality-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-community-based-cohort-of-marginalised-women-in-a-canadian-setting
#4
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Kenneth Tupper, Melissa Braschel, Evan Wood, Kate Shannon
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to longitudinally investigate whether ever having used a psychedelic drug can have a protective effect on incidence of suicidality among marginalised women. DESIGN: Longitudinal community-based cohort study. SETTING: Data were drawn from a prospective, community-based cohort of marginalised women in Metro Vancouver, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 766 women completed the baseline questionnaire between January 2010 and August 2014...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937933/what-s-in-a-name-correlates-of-ecstasy-users-knowing-or-agreeing-that-molly-is-ecstasy-mdma
#5
Joseph J Palamar
Ecstasy (MDMA) has regained popularity in powder and crystalline form, known as Molly. However, it is unknown whether all Molly users are aware that Molly is ecstasy. A total of 1045 nightclub/festival-attending adults in New York City were surveyed about ecstasy/MDMA/Molly use in 2016. Users were asked if they agreed that "Molly is (or is supposed to be) ecstasy/MDMA." Of the 43.5% reporting lifetime use, 84.6% agreed that Molly is ecstasy, 9.5% disagreed, and 5.9% reported not knowing that Molly is ecstasy...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893794/effects-of-hiv-1-tat-and-methamphetamine-on-blood-brain-barrier-integrity-and-function-in-vitro
#6
Sulay Patel, Crystal R Leibrand, Preetha Palasuberniam, Pierre-Olivier Couraud, Babette Weksler, Fay M Jahr, Joseph L McClay, Kurt F Hauser, MaryPeace McRae
Human immunodeficiency (HIV) infection results in neurocognitive deficits in about one half of infected individuals. Despite systemic effectiveness, restricted antiretroviral penetration across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a major limitation in fighting CNS-localized infection. Drug abuse exacerbates HIV-induced cognitive and pathologic CNS changes. This study's purpose was to investigate the effects of the HIV-1 protein, Tat, and methamphetamine on factors affecting drug penetration across an in vitro BBB model...
September 11, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867353/cessation-of-injecting-and-preceding-drug-use-patterns-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#7
Scott E Hadland, Evan Wood, Ekaterina Nosova, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
PURPOSE: Injection drug use is prevalent among street-involved youth, but patterns of cessation are poorly described. We identified drug use patterns preceding injection cessation among street-involved youth. METHODS: From September 2005 to May 2015, we collected data from the At-Risk Youth Study, a prospective cohort of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada, and limited the sample to actively injecting youth. The primary outcome was cessation of injecting self-reported at semiannual follow-up visits...
November 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844014/changes-in-smoking-status-among-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-vancouver-canada
#8
Helia Shariati, Heather L Armstrong, Zishan Cui, Nathan J Lachowsky, Julia Zhu, Praney Anand, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, Greg Oudman, Christina Tonella, David M Moore
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is common among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) and most of the mortality gap between HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals is attributable to smoking. METHODS: We recruited sexually active HIV-positive and HIV-negative GBMSM age ≥16 years using respondent-driven sampling. Study visits occurred every six months for up to four years and included a computer-assisted self-interview and clinical assessment...
August 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835196/prevalence-of-recreational-drug-use-reported-by-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-sexual-health-clinics-in-manchester-uk
#9
A Tomkins, S Ahmad, L Cannon, S P Higgins, M Kliner, A Kolyva, C Ward, R Vivancos
Recreational drug use (RDU) has been reported to be disproportionately higher in men who have sex with men (MSM) when compared to their heterosexual counterparts. To identify RDU, links to risky sexual practices and infections for MSM attending three sexual health clinics across Manchester, United Kingdom, a retrospective case note review was conducted using a random powered sample of service users attending three sites during 2014. Three hundred and fifty-seven case notes were reviewed across three sites. Eighteen per cent of service users reported any type of RDU...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721538/-methamphetamine-epidemiology-clinical-importance-and-sequelae-of-abuse
#10
N Arnaud, R Thomasius
Methamphetamine (also known as meth and crystal meth) is a highly psychoactive synthetic amphetamine type stimulant, which falls under the German Federal Narcotics Law. The substance is similar to other stimulants but has distinct features with respect to psychoactive effects, clinical symptoms, user characteristics and short and long-term consequences including substance-induced problems and comorbidities. The consumption and misuse of crystal meth is still limited to certain regions in Germany; however, the substance causes significant clinical and public health concerns in the affected regions and beyond due to the associated high potential for misuse and dependence, neurotoxic and neurodegenerative effects as well as many other severe health risks...
July 18, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709471/acceptability-and-design-preferences-of-supervised-injection-services-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-a-mid-sized-canadian-city
#11
Sanjana Mitra, Beth Rachlis, Ayden Scheim, Geoff Bardwell, Sean B Rourke, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Supervised injection services (SIS) have been shown to reduce the public- and individual-level harms associated with injection drug use. While SIS feasibility research has been conducted in large urban centres, little is known about the acceptability of these services among people who inject drugs (PWID) in mid-sized cities. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of willingness to use SIS as well as design and operational preferences among PWID in London, Canada. METHODS: Between March and April 2016, peer research associates administered a cross-sectional survey to PWID in London...
July 14, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705259/-just-not-all-ice-users-do-that-investigating-perceptions-and-potential-harms-of-australia-s-ice-destroys-lives-campaign-in-two-studies
#12
Caitlin H Douglass, Elizabeth C Early, Cassandra J C Wright, Anna Palmer, Peter Higgs, Brendan Quinn, Paul M Dietze, Megan S C Lim
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the Australian government launched the media campaign Ice Destroys Lives targeting crystal methamphetamine use. Previous research indicates mass media campaigns may have harmful effects for people engaged in drug use. This study investigated perceptions and harms of Ice Destroys Lives among adults with a history of injecting drugs and young people. METHODS: This analysis includes data from two studies: an online questionnaire with young people and in-depth interviews with adults who use crystal methamphetamine...
July 14, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586110/molecular-containers-bind-drugs-of-abuse-in-vitro-and-reverse-the-hyperlocomotive-effect-of-methamphetamine-in-rats
#13
Shweta Ganapati, Stephanie D Grabitz, Steven Murkli, Flora Scheffenbichler, Maíra I Rudolph, Peter Y Zavalij, Matthias Eikermann, Lyle Isaacs
We measured the affinity of five molecular container compounds (calabadions 1 and 2, CB[7], sulfocalix[4]arene, and HP-β-CD) toward seven drugs of abuse in homogenous aqueous solution at physiological pH by various methods ((1) H NMR, UV/Vis, isothermal titration calorimetry [ITC]) and found binding constants (Ka values) spanning from <10(2) to >10(8)  m(-1) . We also report X-ray crystal structures of CB[7]⋅methamphetamine and 1⋅methamphetamine. We found that 2, but not CB[7], was able to ameliorate the hyperlocomotive activity of rats treated with methamphetamine...
August 17, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561211/-increasing-consumption-of-crystal-meth-in-saxony-and-its-risks-for-mother-and-child-experiences-at-a-level-i-perinatal-center-from-a-pediatric-viewpoint
#14
Jürgen Dinger, Nicole Näther, Pauline Wimberger, Ulrich S Zimmermann, Jochen Schmitt, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Over the past several years, the number of first-time users of methamphetamine considerably increased within the Free State of Saxony. This number also, and especially, includes women of child-bearing age and young mothers. A supportive intervention aimed at reducing the effects of drug abuse should begin in a timely way - during pregnancy at latest, but better before it. To develop an optimal care protocol for both the mother and her child, more knowledge regarding the personal conditions of the women as well as the specific features of later child development after prenatal methamphetamine exposure (PME) is vital...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533098/the-current-epidemiology-of-injecting-drug-use-associated-infective-endocarditis-in-victoria-australia-in-the-midst-of-increasing-crystal-methamphetamine-use
#15
Alexandra Wright, Ohide Otome, Craig Harvey, Steve Bowe, Eugene Athan
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity despite recent advances in management. Injecting drug use (IDU) remains an important risk factor. Our aim was to evaluate the rates and patient demographics of IE and injecting drug use-associated infective endocarditis (IDU-IE) in Victoria from 2009 to 2014. METHODS: The Victorian Admitted Episode Dataset (VAED) was used to identify a population-based cohort with a diagnosis of IE and IDU-IE between 2009 and 2014 in Victoria...
May 9, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530453/two-case-studies-illustrating-a-shared-decision-making-approach-to-illicit-methamphetamine-use-and-breastfeeding
#16
Julie Blandthorn, Katie James, Ellen Bowman, Yvonne Bonomo, Lisa H Amir
Crystal methamphetamine (MA) is a potent psycho-stimulant that is increasingly used worldwide. It is highly addictive, is often made in clandestine laboratories, and can cause serious health issues in adults. Health professionals caring for women in the perinatal period must counsel women about the health risks to infants if they are exposed to MA in breast milk. Most guidelines recommend that women who have current or recent MA use do not breastfeed. This article explores approaches to breastfeeding advice in the context of MA use...
May 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450187/nitrosoamphetamine-binding-to-myoglobin-and-hemoglobin-crystal-structure-of-the-h64a-myoglobin-nitrosoamphetamine-adduct
#17
Bing Wang, Samantha M Powell, Ye Guan, Nan Xu, Leonard M Thomas, George B Richter-Addo
N-hydroxyamphetamine (AmphNHOH) is an oxidative metabolite of amphetamine and methamphetamine. It is known to form inhibitory complexes upon binding to heme proteins. However, its interactions with myoglobin (Mb) and hemoglobin (Hb) have not been reported. We demonstrate that the reactions of AmphNHOH with ferric Mb and Hb generate the respective heme-nitrosoamphetamine derivatives characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy. We have determined the X-ray crystal structure of the H64A Mb-nitrosoamphetamine complex to 1...
July 1, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#18
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
June 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445899/evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-pharmacologic-management-of-methamphetamine-dependence-relapse-prevention-chronic-methamphetamine-related-and-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-post-acute-settings
#19
Roland Härtel-Petri, Anne Krampe-Scheidler, Wolf-Dietrich Braunwarth, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Peter Jeschke, Winfried Looser, Stephan Mühlig, Ingo Schäfer, Norbert Scherbaum, Lydia Bothe, Corinna Schaefer, Willem Hamdorf
The increasing abuse of the street drug crystal meth (methamphetamine) in many countries worldwide has resulted in a growing demand to treat patients who have acquired a methamphetamine-related disorder. The results of a systematic literature search which led to the consensus-based recommendations by the Working Group of the German Agency for Quality in Medicine (Ärztliches Zentrum für Qualität in der Medizin - ÄZQ) are presented. Pharmacological treatments were reviewed in 58 out of the 103 publications included...
May 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379111/lifetime-doctor-diagnosed-mental-health-conditions-and-current-substance-use-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-in-vancouver-canada
#20
Nathan J Lachowsky, Joshun J S Dulai, Zishan Cui, Paul Sereda, Ashleigh Rich, Thomas L Patterson, Trevor T Corneil, Julio S G Montaner, Eric A Roth, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBM) have higher rates of mental health conditions and substance use than heterosexual men, but are limited by issues of representativeness. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and correlates of mental health disorders among GBM in Metro Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, the Momentum Health Study recruited GBM (≥16 years) via respondent-driven sampling (RDS) to estimate population parameters...
May 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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