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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682387/surgical-management-of-encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis-a-case-report-in-kidney-transplant-patient
#1
R Shahbazov, M Talanian, J L Alejo, F Azari, A Agarwal, K L Brayman
Introduction: Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is a clinical syndrome of progressive fibrotic change in response to prolonged, repetitive, and typically severe insult to the peritoneal mesothelium, often occurring in the setting of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Clear guidelines for successful management remain elusive. We describe the successful surgical management of EPS in a 28-year-old male s/p deceased donor kidney transplant for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS)...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680648/effects-of-carbohydrate-type-or-bicarbonate-addition-to-grass-silage-based-diets-on-enteric-methane-emissions-and-milk-fatty-acid-composition-in-dairy-cows
#2
A Bougouin, A Ferlay, M Doreau, C Martin
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of fiber- or starch-rich diets based on grass silage, supplemented or not with bicarbonate, on CH4 emissions and milk fatty acid (FA) profile in dairy cows. The experiment was conducted as a 4 × 4 Latin square design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement: carbohydrate type [starch- or fiber-rich diets with dietary starch level of 23.1 and 5.9% on a dry matter basis, respectively], without or with bicarbonate addition [0 and 1% of the dry matter intake, respectively]...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680642/symposium-review-uncertainties-in-enteric-methane-inventories-measurement-techniques-and-prediction-models
#3
A N Hristov, E Kebreab, M Niu, J Oh, A Bannink, A R Bayat, T B Boland, A F Brito, D P Casper, L A Crompton, J Dijkstra, M Eugène, P C Garnsworthy, N Haque, A L F Hellwing, P Huhtanen, M Kreuzer, B Kuhla, P Lund, J Madsen, C Martin, P J Moate, S Muetzel, C Muñoz, N Peiren, J M Powell, C K Reynolds, A Schwarm, K J Shingfield, T M Storlien, M R Weisbjerg, D R Yáñez-Ruiz, Z Yu
Ruminant production systems are important contributors to anthropogenic methane (CH4 ) emissions, but there are large uncertainties in national and global livestock CH4 inventories. Sources of uncertainty in enteric CH4 emissions include animal inventories, feed dry matter intake (DMI), ingredient and chemical composition of the diets, and CH4 emission factors. There is also significant uncertainty associated with enteric CH4 measurements. The most widely used techniques are respiration chambers, the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6 ) tracer technique, and the automated head-chamber system (GreenFeed; C-Lock Inc...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679786/simultaneous-analysis-of-historical-emerging-and-novel-brominated-flame-retardants-in-food-and-feed-using-a-common-extraction-and-purification-method
#4
Emmanuelle Bichon, Ingrid Guiffard, Anaïs Vénisseau, Elodie Lesquin, Vincent Vaccher, Philippe Marchand, Bruno Le Bizec
Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs) are still widely used for industrial purposes. These contaminants may enter the food chain where they mainly occur in food of animal origin. The aim of our work was to provide a unique method able to quantify the widest range of BFRs in feed and food items. After freeze-drying and grinding, a pressurized liquid extraction was carried out. The extract was purified on acidified silica, Florisil® and carbon columns, the four separated fractions were analyzed by gas and liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution and tandem mass spectrometry...
April 13, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679045/trends-in-the-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-preterm-infants-from-2003-2012-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-japan
#5
Hidehiko Nakanishi, Hideyo Suenaga, Atsushi Uchiyama, Yumi Kono, Satoshi Kusuda
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trends in mortality and the prevalence of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes among preterm Japanese infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective multicenter cohort of 30,793 preterm infants born at a gestational age ≤32 weeks, between 2003 and 2012, in the Neonatal Research Network, Japan, was evaluated in the primary analysis. Finally, 13,661 infants were followed-up until 3 years of age and evaluated for neurodevelopmental outcomes, including cerebral palsy (CP), home oxygen therapy (HOT) use, and visual, hearing, and cognitive impairments...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678738/autochthonous-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-pig-faeces-in-thailand-show-probiotic-properties-and-antibacterial-activity-against-enteric-pathogenic-bacteria
#6
Wandee Sirichokchatchawan, Puwiya Pupa, Prasert Praechansri, Nutthee Am-In, Somboon Tanasupawat, Piengchan Sonthayanon, Nuvee Prapasarakul
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play an important role in pig health and performance that arises from their beneficial impacts on the balance of gastrointestinal microbes, ability to fight enteric pathogens, and capacity to support the immune system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and safety aspects of five previously isolated autochthonous LAB strains, (Lactobacillus plantarum 22F, 25F and 31F, Pediococcus acidilactici 72N and Pediococcus pentosaceus 77F) from pig faeces as potential probiotics for a pig feed supplement...
April 17, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678013/implementation-of-a-new-traceability-process-for-breast-milk-feeding
#7
Mariana Y Daus, Thelma G Maydana, Daniel A Rizzato Lede, Daniel R Luna
Many newborns at the neonatal intensive care unit are unable to feed themselves, and receive human milk through enteric nutrition devices such as orogastric or nasogastric probes. The mothers extract their milk, and the nursing staff is responsible for the fractionation, storage and administration when prescribed by physicians. It is very important to remind that it is a bodily fluid that carries the risk of disease transmission if misused. Health information technologies can enhance patient safety by avoiding preventable adverse events...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677857/re-a-prospective-randomized-trial-of-the-effects-of-early-enteral-feeding-after-radical-cystectomy
#8
David S Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674851/gastrointestinal-obstruction-caused-by-solidification-and-coagulation-of-enteral-nutrition-pathogenetic-mechanisms-and-potential-risk-factors
#9
Grazia Leonello, Antonio Giacomo Rizzo, Viviane Di Dio, Antonio Soriano, Claudia Previti, Grazia Giulia Pantè, Claudio Mastrojeni, Sebastiano Pantè
Enteral nutrition (EN) is preferred in order to provide nutrition and reduce catabolism in critically ill patients. Recent studies suggest that the use of EN is successful and complications are rare. However, an underestimated mechanical complication of tube feedings seen in critically ill patients is the coagulation and solidification of the EN causing gastrointestinal obstruction. This report describes two clinical cases (1.23% of all cases seen at our clinic) of obstruction and perforation of the small bowel secondary to the solidification of EN...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672734/halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae-winter-survival-feeding-activity-and-reproduction-rates-based-on-episodic-cold-shock-and-winter-temperature-regimes
#10
David M Lowenstein, Vaughn M Walton
Globally distributed nonnative insects thrive by having a generalist diet and persisting across large latitudinal gradients. Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) is a cold-tolerant invasive species that enters reproductive diapause in temperate North American and European climates. While it can survive the acute effects of subzero (°C) temperatures, it is poorly understood how exposure to infrequent cold temperatures affects postdiapause survival and behavior. We studied the impacts of episodic cold shock at temperatures of -6 to -2 (°C) at the onset of H...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672164/trends-in-enteral-access-placement-among-patients-with-oral-clefts-evaluation-of-46-617-patient-admissions
#11
Thanapoom Boonipat, Nicholas S Adams, Allen L Shoemaker, Robert J Mann, John W Polley, John A Girotto
OBJECTIVE: It is well known that patients with oral clefts have challenges with feeding. Enteral feeding access, in the form of gastrostomy, is often utilized to supplement or replace oral intake. Although commonly performed, these procedures have reported complication rates as high as 83%. We intend to discover rates of enteral access in patients with oral clefts and report-related outcomes. DESIGN: The Healthcare Cost Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database from 2000 to 2012 was analyzed using patients with oral clefts and enteral access procedures...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669580/the-bionomics-of-the-malaria-vector-anopheles-rufipes-gough-1910-and-its-susceptibility-to-deltamethrin-insecticide-in-north-cameroon
#12
Parfait H Awono-Ambene, Josiane Etang, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Cyrille Ndo, Wolfgang Ekoko Eyisap, Michael C Piameu, Elysée S Mandeng, Ranaise L Mbakop, Jean Claude Toto, Salomon Patchoke, Abraham P Mnzava, Tessa B Knox, Martin Donnelly, Etienne Fondjo, Jude D Bigoga
BACKGROUND: Following the recent discovery of the role of Anopheles rufipes Gough, 1910 in human malaria transmission in the northern savannah of Cameroon, we report here additional information on its feeding and resting habits and its susceptibility to the pyrethroid insecticide deltamethrin. METHODS: From 2011 to 2015, mosquito samples were collected in 38 locations across Garoua, Mayo Oulo and Pitoa health districts in North Cameroon. Adult anophelines collected using outdoor clay pots, window exit traps and indoor spray catches were checked for feeding status, blood meal origin and Plasmodium circumsporozoite protein...
April 18, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668024/nutrition-considerations-after-nicu-discharge
#13
Taylor Peters, Cecelia Pompeii-Wolfe
Preterm infants are at high nutrition risk during neonatal intensive care and well after discharge. Nutrition care should be individualized and provided by a multidisciplinary team including a dietitian. Breast milk, the gold standard for feeding, may not meet the increased needs of preterm infants and may require fortification or supplementation. Decisions regarding formula choice and calorie concentration can also be challenging and require individualization based on growth, intake, and individual need. Developmental milestones should be considered during the initation of complementary food...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665095/enteral-nutrition-and-dementia-integrating-ethics
#14
Denise Baird Schwartz
This narrative review highlights topics related to feeding patients with dementia, including the use of ethical principles and legal precedents; specifies guidelines and practice recommendations; provides an option to assist in applying the recommendations, such as comfort feedings instead of enteral nutrition; promotes the use of early advance care planning to achieve medical therapies based on an individual's wishes; and provides 3 case studies to demonstrate the clinical application of the information presented in the article...
April 17, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657713/mid-upper-arm-circumference-based-case-detection-admission-and-discharging-of-under-five-children-in-a-large-scale-community-based-management-of-acute-malnutrition-program-in-nigeria
#15
Stanley Chitekwe, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Assaye Tolla, Mark Myatt
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) threatens the lives of millions of children worldwide particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) is an approach to treating large numbers of cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in a community setting. There is a debate about the use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for admitting and discharging SAM children. This article describes the experience of using MUAC for screening, case-finding, referral, admission, and discharge in a large-scale CMAM program delivered through existing primary health care facilities in Nigeria...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656451/patient-with-mediastinitis-caused-by-delayed-mucosal-damage-after-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy
#16
Hiroki Okada, Hironari Shiwaku, Kanefumi Yamashita, Toshihiro Ohmiya, Haruhiro Inoue, Suguru Hasegawa
Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a groundbreaking procedure for treating esophageal achalasia, and many reports from various facilities have described its safety and efficacy. However, there have been few reports on adverse events. Here, we report a case of a patient with mediastinitis caused by delayed mucosal damage after POEM. This case was the most severe among all POEM cases at our hospital. A 58-year-old man had experienced dysphagia and chest tightness since he was around 50 years old. At a previous hospital, he had been diagnosed with nonerosive reflux disease and had undergone fundoplication...
April 15, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650256/impact-of-route-and-adequacy-of-nutritional-intake-on-outcomes-of-allogeneic-haematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-haematologic-malignancies
#17
Julie Beckerson, Richard M Szydlo, Mary Hickson, Catriona E Mactier, Andrew J Innes, Ian H Gabriel, Renuka Palanicawandar, Edward J Kanfer, Donald H Macdonald, Dragana Milojkovic, Amin Rahemtulla, Aristeidis Chaidos, Anastasios Karadimitris, Eduardo Olavarria, Jane F Apperley, Jiri Pavlu
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is often associated with poor oral intake due to painful mucositis and gastrointestinal sequalae that occur following a preparative regimen of intensive chemotherapy and/or total body radiation. Although attractive to assume that optimal nutrition improves HCT outcomes, there are limited data to support this. It is also unclear whether artificial nutrition support should be provided as enteral tube feeding or parenteral nutrition (PN)...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650060/gastrostomy-versus-nasogastric-tube-feeding-for-chemoradiation-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-the-tube-pilot-rct
#18
Vinidh Paleri, Joanne Patterson, Nikki Rousseau, Eoin Moloney, Dawn Craig, Dimitrios Tzelis, Nina Wilkinson, Jeremy Franks, Ann Marie Hynes, Ben Heaven, David Hamilton, Teresa Guerrero-Urbano, Rachael Donnelly, Stewart Barclay, Tim Rapley, Deborah Stocken
BACKGROUND: Approximately 9000 new cases of head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs) are treated by the NHS each year. Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) is a commonly used treatment for advanced HNSCC. Approximately 90% of patients undergoing CRT require nutritional support via gastrostomy or nasogastric tube feeding. Long-term dysphagia following CRT is a primary concern for patients. The effect of enteral feeding routes on swallowing function is not well understood, and the two feeding methods have, to date (at the time of writing), not been compared...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644543/bioaccumulation-of-sediment-associated-substituted-phenylamine-antioxidants-in-tubifex-tubifex-and-lampsilis-siliquoidea
#19
R S Prosser, P L Gillis, D Milani, E A M Holman, H Ikert, D Schissler, J Toito, V Palabrica, J L Parrott, A J Bartlett, V K Balakrishnan
Substituted phenylamine antioxidants (SPAs) are additives in a variety of commercial polymers (e.g., lubricants, plastics, etc.). Based on their physicochemical properties, if SPAs were to enter an aquatic system, they would likely partition into sediment and have the capacity to bioaccumulate in biota. This study investigated the potential of four sediment-associated SPAs, diphenylamine (DPA), N-phenyl-1-naphthalene (PNA), N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (DPPDA), and 4,4'-methylene-bis[N-sec-butylaniline] (MBA) to accumulate in the tissues of freshwater mussels (Lampsilis siliquoidea) and oligochaete worms (Tubifex tubifex)...
April 11, 2018: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644055/pretreatment-of-enteral-nutrition-with-sodium-polystyrene-sulfonate-effective-but-beware-the-high-prevalence-of-electrolyte-derangements-in-clinical-practice
#20
Krisha Le Palma, Elisha Rampolla Pavlick, Lawrence Copelovitch
Background: Current treatment options for chronic hyperkalemia in children with chronic kidney disease include dietary restrictions or enteral sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS); however, dietary restrictions may compromise adequate nutrition and enteral SPS may be limited by palatability, adverse effects and feeding tube obstruction. A potentially safer alternative is to pretreat enteral nutrition (EN) with SPS prior to consumption. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pretreating EN with SPS in pediatric patients with hyperkalemia...
April 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
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