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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454226/dysphagia-and-laryngeal-pathology-in-post-surgical-cardiothoracic-patients
#1
Anna Miles, Naomi McLellan, Rochelle Machan, David Vokes, Alexandra Hunting, Mary McFarlane, Jennifer Holmes, Kelly Lynn
PURPOSE: Cardiothoracic surgery is known to result in dysphagia and laryngeal injury. While prevalence has been explored, extent, trajectory and longevity of symptoms are poorly understood. This retrospective, observational study explored dysphagia and laryngeal injury in patients following cardiothoracic surgery referred for instrumental swallowing assessment. METHODS: Clinical notes and endoscopic recordings of 106 patients (age range 18-87yrs; mean 63yrs; SD 15yrs) (including 190 endoscopes) at one large tertiary centre were reviewed by two speech-language pathologists and a laryngologist...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452407/dietary-l-glutamine-supplementation-improves-growth-performance-gut-morphology-and-serum-biochemical-indices-of-broiler-chickens-during-necrotic-enteritis-challenge
#2
G D Xue, R Barekatain, S B Wu, M Choct, R A Swick
Necrotic enteritis (NE) causes significant economic losses in the broiler chicken industry, especially in birds raised without in-feed antibiotics. L-glutamine (Gln) is an amino acid that may compensate for metabolic losses from infection and improve the intestinal development. This study investigated the effects of dietary Gln (10 g/kg) supplementation on growth performance, intestinal lesions, jejunum morphology, and serum biochemical indices of broiler chickens during NE challenge. The study employed a factorial arrangement of treatments with factors: NE challenge, no or yes; dietary Gln inclusion, 0 g/kg in starter (S), d 0 to 10, grower (G) d 10 to 24, and finisher (F) d 24 to 35; 10 g/kg in S, G, F, or 10 g/kg in S, G only...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450906/factors-affecting-the-occurrence-of-enteritis-in-10-to-12-month-old-eastern-grey-kangaroos-macropus-giganteus
#3
Nobuhide Kido, Sohei Tanaka, Yuko Wada, Sumito Sato
Eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) younger than 19 months at Kanazawa Zoological Gardens, Japan, frequently died of enteritis. The main cause of death was coccidiosis. This study aimed to reveal retrospectively the clinical features of enteritis and factors contributing to its high occurrence. In addition, haematological and serum biochemical parameters in kangaroos younger than 24 months were analyzed. The findings suggested that enteritis occurrence was higher in 10- to 12-month-old kangaroos than other ages and during seasons with high temperature and humidity than during seasons with low temperature and humidity...
February 16, 2018: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446858/enteral-nutrition-for-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-an-underutilized-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Ala K Shaikhkhalil, Wallace Crandall
Enteral nutrition (EN) for the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) involves administration of a liquid nutrition product, administered orally or through tube feeding, while excluding typical dietary components. It is a safe and effective, but largely underused, therapy in the United States as a treatment for CD. EN is a particularly attractive option for pediatric CD as it avoids side effects of corticosteroids, improves growth, and may have a higher likelihood of achieving mucosal healing than some traditional medications...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446855/associations-between-enteral-nutrition-and-acute-respiratory-infection-among-patients-in-new-york-metropolitan-region-pediatric-long-term-care-facilities
#5
Marissa Burgermaster, Meghan Murray, Lisa Saiman, David S Seres, Elaine L Larson
BACKGROUND: Pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTCF) serve a complicated and resource-intensive patient population with high usage of nutrition support. However, the relationship between nutrition support and outcomes among pLTCF residents is not well understood. We described this relationship in three metropolitan New York pLTCF and a subsample of infants from one of these facilities with a feeding disorders unit. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used logistic regression to assess relationships between enteral nutrition (EN), and acute respiratory infections (ARI) among residents (n = 720, 50% male, mean age = 5...
February 15, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446652/developmental-regulation-of-the-intestinal-fgf19-system-in-domestic-pigs
#6
Aleix Gavaldà-Navarro, Jose J Pastor, Alessandro Mereu, Francesc Villarroya, Ignacio R Ipharraguerre
Fibroblast growth factor-19 (FGF19) is an emerging endocrine factor involved in the regulation of bile acid homeostasis and energy metabolism in rodents and humans. In pigs, however, the FGF19 system remains largely unexplored. This study was designed to investigate the developmental regulation of the FGF19 system in domestic pigs. Samples of intestinal sections, liver, and plasma were collected from 24 pigs (n = 6) at four developmental stages (birth, pre-weaning, post-weaning, and adulthood). In the intestine, expression of the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and FGF19 showed a congruent time- and region-dependent regulation, beginning soon after birth to achieve maximal expression in ileum during adulthood...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440285/nutrient-intake-in-the-first-two-weeks-of-life-and-brain-growth-in-preterm-neonates
#7
Juliane Schneider, Céline J Fischer Fumeaux, Emma G Duerden, Ting Guo, Justin Foong, Myriam Bickle Graz, Patric Hagmann, M Mallar Chakravarty, Petra S Hüppi, Lydie Beauport, Anita C Truttmann, Steven P Miller
BACKGROUND: Optimizing early nutritional intake in preterm neonates may promote brain health and neurodevelopment through enhanced brain maturation. Our objectives were (1) to determine the association of energy and macronutrient intake in the first 2 weeks of life with regional and total brain growth and white matter (WM) maturation, assessed by 3 serial MRI scans in preterm neonates; (2) to examine how critical illness modifies this association; and (3) to investigate the relationship with neurodevelopmental outcomes...
February 13, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438655/short-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-children-born-with-high-risk-congenital-lung-lesions
#8
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Matthew M Boelig, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Hannah Rosenthal, Lindsay N Waqar, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, Michael J Kallan, William H Peranteau, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
BACKGROUND: To evaluate neurodevelopmental outcome in high-risk congenital lung lesions (CLLs) survivors who underwent prenatal intervention or postnatal surgery within the first month of life. METHODS: Forty-five high-risk CLLs survivors underwent assessment using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 3rd Edition between 07/2004 and 12/2016. Scores were grouped as average, at-risk, and delayed based on standard deviation intervals. Correlations between outcome and risk factors were analyzed by Fisher's exact test or two-sided t-test as appropriate, with significant p-values <0...
February 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437006/enteral-administration-of-tkis-report-of-a-response-to-ceritinib-in-an-alk-positive-nsclc-patient-and-literature-review
#9
Francesco Facchinetti, Paola Bordi, Paola Bini, Livia Bidin, Roberta Camisa, Marcello Tiseo
INTRODUCTION: Several reports attest the feasibility and the favorable outcomes of kinase inhibitors administration through feeding tubes or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomies (PEG), mainly in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients exposed to first-generation compounds. Here we present the case of an ALK-positive NSCLC patient who achieved cerebral and extra-cranial disease response with ceritinib (a novel ALK inhibitor) administered through a nasogastric tube (NGT). We moreover provide a review gathering clinical successes obtained with targeted agents intake through NGT or PEG...
February 12, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430435/esophageal-endoscopic-vacuum-therapy-with-enteral-feeding-using-a-sengstaken-blakemore-tube
#10
So Young Lee, Kun Woo Kim, Jae-Ik Lee, Dong-Kyun Park, Kook-Yang Park, Chul-Hyun Park, Kuk-Hui Son
Early diagnosis followed by primary repair is the best treatment for spontaneous esophageal perforation. However, the appropriate management of esophageal leakage after surgical repair is still controversial. Recently, the successful adaptation of vacuum-assisted closure therapy, which is well established for the treatment of chronic surface wounds, has been demonstrated for esophageal perforation or leakage. Conservative treatment methods require long-term fasting with total parenteral nutrition or enteral feeding through invasive procedures, such as percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or a feeding jejunostomy...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429482/enteric-coronavirus-infection-in-adult-horses
#11
N Pusterla, R Vin, C M Leutenegger, L D Mittel, T J Divers
A new enteric virus of adult horses, equine coronavirus (ECoV), has recently been recognized. It is associated with fever, lethargy, anorexia, and less frequently, colic and diarrhea. This enteric virus is transmitted via the feco-oral route and horses become infected by ingesting fecally contaminated feed and water. Various outbreaks have been reported since 2010 from Japan, Europe and the USA. While the clinical signs are fairly non-specific, lymphopenia and neutropenia are often seen. Specific diagnosis is made by the detection of ECoV in feces by either quantitative real-time PCR, electron microscopy or antigen-capture ELISA...
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429456/-role-of-donor-human-milk-feeding-in-preventing-nosocomial-infection-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Hong-Juan Bi, Jing Xu, Qiu-Fen Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of donor human milk in the prevention of nosocomial infection in very low birth weight infants. MeETHODS: A total of 105 hospitalized preterm infants with a very low birth weight were enrolled. They were classified into mother's own milk feeding group, donor human milk feeding group, and preterm formula feeding group, with 35 infants in each group. The three groups were compared in terms of incidence rates of nosocomial infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and feeding intolerance, time to full enteral feeding, and early growth indices...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427560/enteral-nutrition-options-for-short-term-access
#13
REVIEW
Elizabeth Pash
The preferred method of nutrition support in the presence of a functional gastrointestinal tract is enteral nutrition (EN). Many factors contribute to the selection process for the type of enteral access device to be used. Short-term enteral access tubes are placed into the nares or, sometimes, orally, usually at bedside. The short-term access provides a means to meet patient nutrient needs and can provide a chance to assess tolerance of the tube feedings if more permanent long-term placement is determined to be required...
February 10, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426711/enteral-parenteral-nutrition-in-foals-and-adult-horses-practical-guidelines-for-the-practitioner
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Carr
Nutritional support is an important adjunct to medical therapy in the sick, injured, or debilitated equine patient. What is not clear is the optimal route, composition, or amounts of support. The enteral route should be chosen whenever possible to maximize the benefits to the gastrointestinal tract and the patient as a whole. Complete or partial parenteral nutrition is most useful as a bridge during recovery and transition to enteral feeding in the horse. The reader is encouraged to consider nutritional support whether enteral or parenteral in any anorexic, chronically debilitated, or sick equine patient...
February 6, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426699/perioperative-lipid-enriched-enteral-nutrition-versus-standard-care-in-patients-undergoing-elective-colorectal-surgery-sanics-ii-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Emmeline G Peters, Boudewijn J J Smeets, Jesper Nors, Christian M Back, Jonas A Funder, Thorbjørn Sommer, Søren Laurberg, Uffe S Løve, Wouter K G Leclercq, Gerrit D Slooter, Tammo S de Vries Reilingh, Johannes A Wegdam, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Marc P Buise, Willem A Buurman, Wouter J de Jonge, Harm J T Rutten, Misha D P Luyer
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus and anastomotic leakage severely impair recovery after colorectal resection. We investigated the effect of perioperative lipid-enriched enteral nutrition versus standard care on the risk of postoperative ileus, anastomotic leakage, and other clinical outcomes. METHODS: We did an international, multicentre, double-blind, randomised, controlled trial of patients (≥18 years) undergoing elective colorectal surgery with primary anastomosis at six clinical centres in the Netherlands and Denmark...
February 6, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423394/a-program-for-weaning-children-from-enteral-feeding-in-a-general-pediatric-unit-how-for-whom-and-with-what-results
#16
Justine Mirete, Béatrice Thouvenin, Gaelle Malecot, Morgane Le-Gouëz, Christel Chalouhi, Catherine du Fraysseix, Aurélie Royer, Anais Leon, Clément Vachey, Véronique Abadie
Objective: To describe a series of children who were hospitalized for a tube-weaning program in the general pediatric ward of a pediatric tertiary university hospital: describe our method, to determine the success rate of our inpatient pediatric tube weaning program, and search for relevant factors linked to its success or failure. Method: We analyzed the medical files of consecutive children who were hospitalized for gastric-tube weaning over an 8-year period. We analyzed outcomes in terms of feeding and growth with at least 2 years of data...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422865/dietary-safety-assessment-of-flk1-transgenic-fish
#17
Yalan Wei, Ling Huang, Jinghui Cao, Chenghui Wang, Jizhou Yan
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is facing with growing demands of aquaculture and aquatic products. Although various genetically modified (GM) aquatics have been generated, it is important to evaluate biosafety of GM organisms on the human health before entering into our food chain. For this purpose, we establish a zebrafish wild adult feeding Flk1-transgenic larvae model to examine the predatory fish's histology in multiple tissues, and the global gene expression profile in the liver...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417204/the-influence-of-gestational-age-mode-of-delivery-and-abdominal-wall-closure-method-on-the-surgical-outcome-of-neonates-with-uncomplicated-gastroschisis
#18
Maria V Fraga, Pablo Laje, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate if gestational age (GA), mode of delivery and abdominal wall closure method influence outcomes in uncomplicated gastroschisis (GTC). METHODS: Retrospective review of NICU admissions for gastroschisis, August 2008-July 2016. Primary outcomes were: time to start enteral feeds (on-EF), time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), and length of stay (LOS). MAIN RESULTS: A total of 200 patients with GTC were admitted to our NICU...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416856/effects-of-bacillus-coagulans-supplementation-on-the-growth-performance-and-gut-health-of-broiler-chickens-with-clostridium-perfringens-induced-necrotic-enteritis
#19
Yuanyuan Wu, Yujing Shao, Bochen Song, Wenrui Zhen, Zhong Wang, Yuming Guo, Muhammad Suhaib Shahid, Wei Nie
Background: The poultry industry is in need of effective antibiotic alternatives to control outbreaks of necrotic enteritis (NE) due to Clostridium perfringens. Methods: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding Bacillus coagulans on the growth performance and gut health of broiler chickens with C. perfringens-induced NE. Two hundred and forty 1-day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement with two dietary B...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416216/characters-of-nutrition-status-and-energy-delivery-patterns-of-the-university-based-surgical-intensive-care-units-in-thailand-multi-center-thai-sicu-study
#20
Supakrit Auiwattanakul, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Onuma Chaiwat, Sunthiti Morakul, Suneerat Kongsayreepong, Winai Ungpinitpong, Surakrant Yutthakasemsunt, Supawan Buranapin
Aim: The authors aimed to describe nutrition status and energy-delivery characters in multi-center THAI-SICU study. Material and Methods: Eligible patients admitted in SICU were 1,686 after excluding 563 of 2,249 participants owing to very short stay or non-alive within 24 hours after admission and missing data. The study was a posthoc analysis and multicenter descriptive design. The analytic methods described categorical data in percentage and the continuous data in the median with interquartile range...
February 2018: Medical Archives
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