keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

onion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932746/-distribution-of-pain-and-numbness-in-patients-with-cervical-spine-disorders
#1
Keita Kuraishi, Masaki Mizuno, Yasuyuki Umeda, Tomoki Ishigaki, Ryuta Yasuda, Takanori Sano, Masato Shiba, Fumihiro Kawakita, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Satoru Tanioka, Masanori Tsuji, Masayuki Kitagami, Seiji Hatazaki, Hidenori Suzuki
PURPOSE: To elucidate the distribution of improved pain and numbness after cervical decompression surgery in patients with cervical spine disorders. METHODS: This study included 4 men and 5 women aged 45 to 71 years(mean 58 years)presenting with radiculopathy and 50 men and 17 women aged 35 to 88 years(mean 66 years)presenting with myelopathy. RESULTS: All 9 patients with radiculopathy presented with neck pain, and 3 presented with cervical angina...
December 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922106/in-situ-one-step-synthesis-of-carbon-encapsulated-naked-magnetic-metal-nanoparticles-conducted-without-additional-reductants-and-agents
#2
Jun Kang, Yeonwon Kim, Hye-Min Kim, Xiulan Hu, Nagahiro Saito, Jae-Hyuk Choi, Myeong-Hoon Lee
C-encapsulated highly pure Ni, Co, and Fe magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs/C) were synthesized by an innovative one-step in-situ plasma in liquid method (solution plasma processing, SPP) without any additional reductants, agents, or treatment. Successful encapsulation of MNPs was demonstrated by using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry and cyclic voltammetry techniques. The obtained X-ray diffraction patterns and transmission electron microscopy images corresponded to MNPs with average diameters of 5 nm and good crystalline structure...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921173/day-to-day-variations-in-the-amplitude-of-the-soil-temperature-cycle-and-impact-on-adult-eclosion-timing-of-the-onion-fly
#3
Kazuhiro Tanaka, Yasuhiko Watari
The onion fly Delia antiqua advances its eclosion timing with decreasing temperature amplitude to compensate for a depth-dependent phase delay of the zeitgeber. To elucidate whether or not naturally occurring day-to-day variations in the amplitude of soil temperature cycle disturb this compensatory response, we monitored daily variations in the temperature amplitude in natural soils and evaluated the impact on adult eclosion timing. Our results indicated that both median and variance of the soil temperature amplitude become smaller as depth increases...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919735/quercetin-attenuates-high-fructose-feeding-induced-atherosclerosis-by-suppressing-inflammation-and-apoptosis-via-ros-regulated-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#4
Xue-Li Lu, Cui-Hua Zhao, Xin-Liang Yao, Han Zhang
Quercetin is a dietary flavonoid compound extracted from various plants, such as apple and onions. Previous studies have revealed its anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. This study investigated the ability of quercetin to inhibit high fructose feeding- or LPS-induced atherosclerosis through regulating oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation response in vivo and in vitro experiments. 50 and 100mg/kg quercetin were used in our study, showing significant inhibitory role in high fructose-induced atherosclerosis via reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, Caspase-3 activation, inflammatory cytokines releasing, the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and collagen contents as well as modulating apoptosis- and inflammation-related proteins expression...
December 2, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916748/or2m3-a-highly-specific-and-narrowly-tuned-human-odorant-receptor-for-the-sensitive-detection-of-onion-key-food-odorant-3-mercapto-2-methylpentan-1-ol
#5
Franziska Noe, Johannes Polster, Christiane Geithe, Matthias Kotthoff, Peter Schieberle, Dietmar Krautwurst
The detection of key food odorants appears to be an important capability of odorant receptors. Here, thiols occupy an outstanding position among the 230 known key food odorants because of their very low odor thresholds. Members of the homologous series of 3-mercapto-2-methylalkan-1-ols have been described as onion key food odorants or food constituents and are detected at logarithmically different thresholds. 3-Mercapto-2-methylpentan-1-ol being the only key food odorant within this series also has the lowest odor threshold...
December 4, 2016: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912189/genotoxicity-assessment-of-pulp-and-paper-mill-effluent-before-and-after-bacterial-degradation-using-allium-cepa-test
#6
Izharul Haq, Sharad Kumar, Abhay Raj, Mohtashim Lohani, G N V Satyanarayana
A lignin peroxidases-producing Serratia liquefaciens was used for bioremediation of pulp and paper (P&P) mill effluent. The treatment led to reduction of chemical oxygen demand (COD), colour, lignin and phenolic content by 84%, 72%, 61% and 95%, respectively. The effluent detoxification was studied by genotoxicity assays using Allium cepa L. (onion) root tip cells. Genotoxicity studies included measuring mitotic index (MI), chromosomal aberrations (CA) and nuclear abnormalities (NA) in root tip cells following treatment with 25, 50, 75 and 100% (v/v) of effluent...
November 29, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910425/onion-peeling-inversion-of-stellarator-images
#7
K C Hammond, R R Diaz-Pacheco, Y Kornbluth, F A Volpe, Y Wei
An onion-peeling technique is developed for inferring the emissivity profile of a stellarator plasma from a two-dimensional image acquired through a CCD or CMOS camera. Each pixel in the image is treated as an integral of emission along a particular line-of-sight. Additionally, the flux surfaces in the plasma are partitioned into discrete layers, each of which is assumed to have uniform emissivity. If the topology of the flux surfaces is known, this construction permits the development of a system of linear equations that can be solved for the emissivity of each layer...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904458/identification-of-novel-source-of-resistance-and-differential-response-of-allium-genotypes-to-purple-blotch-pathogen-alternaria-porri-ellis-ciferri
#8
Satyabrata Nanda, Subodh Kumar Chand, Purander Mandal, Pradyumna Tripathy, Raj Kumar Joshi
Purple blotch, caused by Alternaria porri (Ellis) Cifferi, is a serious disease incurring heavy yield losses in the bulb and seed crop of onion and garlic worldwide. There is an immediate need for identification of effective resistance sources for use in host resistance breeding. A total of 43 Allium genotypes were screened for purple blotch resistance under field conditions. Allium cepa accession 'CBT-Ac77' and cultivar 'Arka Kalyan' were observed to be highly resistant. In vitro inoculation of a selected set of genotypes with A...
December 2016: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898102/a-role-of-the-fuzzy-onions-like-gene-in-regulating-cell-death-and-defense-in-arabidopsis
#9
Arianne Tremblay, Savanna Seabolt, Hongyun Zeng, Chong Zhang, Stefan Böckler, Dominique N Tate, Vy Thuy Duong, Nan Yao, Hua Lu
Programmed cell death (PCD) is critical for development and responses to environmental stimuli in many organisms. FUZZY ONIONS (FZO) proteins in yeast, flies, and mammals are known to affect mitochondrial fusion and function. Arabidopsis FZO-LIKE (FZL) was shown as a chloroplast protein that regulates chloroplast morphology and cell death. We cloned the FZL gene based on the lesion mimic phenotype conferred by an fzl mutation. Here we provide evidence to support that FZL has evolved new function different from its homologs from other organisms...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889137/microbial-decontamination-of-onion-powder-using-microwave-powered-cold-plasma-treatments
#10
Jung Eun Kim, Yeong Ji Oh, Mee Yeon Won, Kwang-Sik Lee, Sea C Min
The effects of microwave-integrated cold plasma (CP) treatments against spores of Bacillus cereus and Aspergillus brasiliensis and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on onion powder were investigated. The growth of B. cereus, A. brasiliensis, and E. coli O157:H7 in the treated onion powder was assessed during storage at 4 and 25 °C, along with the physicochemical and sensory properties of the powder. Onion powder inoculated with B. cereus was treated with CP using helium as a plasma-forming gas, with simultaneous exposure to low microwave density at 170 mW m(-2) or high microwave density at 250 mW m(-2)...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888467/oswrky80-oswrky4-module-as-a-positive-regulatory-circuit-in-rice-resistance-against-rhizoctonia-solani
#11
Xixu Peng, Haihua Wang, Jyan-Chyun Jang, Ting Xiao, Huanhuan He, Dan Jiang, Xinke Tang
BACKGROUND: Plant WRKY transcription factors play pivotal roles in diverse biological processes but most notably in plant defense response to pathogens. Sheath blight represents one of the predominant diseases in rice. However, our knowledge about the functions of WRKY proteins in rice defense against sheath blight is rather limited. RESULTS: Here we demonstrate that the expression of Oryza sativa WRKY80 gene (OsWRKY80) is rapidly and strongly induced upon infection of Rhizoctonia solani, the causal agent of rice sheath blight disease...
December 2016: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885723/formation-of-onion-like-nico2-s4-particles-via-sequential-ion-exchange-for-hybrid-supercapacitors
#12
Bu Yuan Guan, Le Yu, Xiao Wang, Shuyan Song, Xiong Wen David Lou
Onion-like NiCo2 S4 particles with unique hollow structured shells are synthesized by a sequential ion-exchange strategy. With the structural and compositional advantages, these unique onion-like NiCo2 S4 particles exhibit enhanced electrochemical performance as an electrode material for hybrid supercapacitors.
November 25, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885299/influence-of-internal-geometry-on-magnetization-reversal-in-asymmetric-permalloy-rings
#13
D B Gopman, Y P Kabanov, J Cui, C S Lynch, R D Shull
We report the magnetization reversal behavior of microstructured Ni80Fe20 rings using magneto-optic indicator film imaging and magnetometry. While the reversal behavior of rings with a symmetric (circular) interior hole agrees with micromagnetic simulations of an onion → vortex → onion transition, we experimentally demonstrate that rings possessing an elliptical hole with an aspect ratio of 2 exhibit complex reversal behavior comprising incoherent domain propagation in the rings. Magneto optic images reveal metastable magnetic configurations that illustrate this incoherent behavior...
2016: Applied Physics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880983/pantoea-ananatis-genomic-insights-into-a-versatile-pathogen
#14
Tania Weller-Stuart, Pieter De Maayer, Teresa Coutinho
Pantoea ananatis, a bacterium that is well-known for its phytopathogenic characteristics, has been isolated from a myriad of ecological niches and hosts. Infection of agronomic crops such as maize and rice can result in substantial economic losses. In the last few years, much of the research done on P. ananatis has been based on the sequencing and analysis of the genomes of strains isolated from different environments and with different lifestyles. In this review we summarise the advances made in terms of pathogenicity determinants of phytopathogenic strains of P...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872378/abstraction-and-generalization-in-statistical-learning-implications-for-the-relationship-between-semantic-types-and-episodic-tokens
#15
REVIEW
Gerry T M Altmann
Statistical approaches to emergent knowledge have tended to focus on the process by which experience of individual episodes accumulates into generalizable experience across episodes. However, there is a seemingly opposite, but equally critical, process that such experience affords: the process by which, from a space of types (e.g. onions-a semantic class that develops through exposure to individual episodes involving individual onions), we can perceive or create, on-the-fly, a specific token (a specific onion, perhaps one that is chopped) in the absence of any prior perceptual experience with that specific token...
January 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871350/early-description-of-diet-induced-blistering-skin-diseases-in-medieval-persia-avicenna-s-point-of-view
#16
Fatemeh Atarzadeh, Babak Daneshfard, Ladan Dastgheib, Amir-Mohammad Jaladat, Gholamreza Amin
Pemphigus is an autoimmune blistering skin disease that is strongly associated with different environmental factors. Among these, nutritional factors are considered to trigger pemphigus; however, their role may be underestimated. Investigated more recently in conventional medicine, this causative bond between dietary factors and blistering skin diseases was mentioned by Persian scholars such as Avicenna a thousand years ago. Avicenna, a well-known Persian physician and philosopher, who could be considered a pioneer in dermatology, discussed skin diseases in a chapter in The Canon of Medicine...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864328/distribution-of-glycosylinositol-phosphoceramide-specific-phospholipase-d-activity-in-plants
#17
Takashi Kida, Aoi Itoh, Akari Kimura, Hisatsugu Matsuoka, Hiroyuki Imai, Kentaro Kogure, Akira Tokumura, Tamotsu Tanaka
Previously, we detected an unknown sphingophospholipid in cabbage leaves and identified it as phytoceramide-1-phosphate (PC1P). We also found an enzyme activity that produces PC1P by glycosylinositol phosphoceramide (GIPC)-specific hydrolysis in cabbage leaves. To characterize the GIPC-specific phospholipase D (GIPC-PLD) activity, we investigated distributions of GIPC-PLD activity in 25 tissues of 10 plants. In most plants, the GIPC-PLD activity was the highest in roots. Young leaves of cabbage and Welsh onion had higher activities than corresponding aged outer leaves...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861615/doubled-haploid-cudh2107-as-a-reference-for-bulb-onion-allium-cepa-l-research-development-of-a-transcriptome-catalogue-and-identification-of-transcripts-associated-with-male-fertility
#18
Jiffinvir S Khosa, Robyn Lee, Sophia Bräuning, Janice Lord, Meeghan Pither-Joyce, John McCallum, Richard C Macknight
Researchers working on model plants have derived great benefit from developing genomic and genetic resources using 'reference' genotypes. Onion has a large and highly heterozygous genome making the sharing of germplasm and analysis of sequencing data complicated. To simplify the discovery and analysis of genes underlying important onion traits, we are promoting the use of the homozygous double haploid line 'CUDH2107' by the onion research community. In the present investigation, we performed transcriptome sequencing on vegetative and reproductive tissues of CUDH2107 to develop a multi-organ reference transcriptome catalogue...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859352/evaluation-of-polyphenolic-content-and-antioxidant-activity-in-two-onion-varieties-grown-under-organic-and-conventional-production-systems
#19
Feiyue Ren, Kim Reilly, Michael Gaffney, Joseph P Kerry, Mohammad Hossain, Dilip K Rai
BACKGROUND: Onions contain a number of bioactive compounds - in particular polyphenols. They are a rich source of such compounds in the human diet and offer significant health benefits to the consumer. Demand for organic crops is steadily increasing partly based on the expected health benefits of organic food consumption. The current study examines the influence of organic and conventional crop management practices on bioactive polyphenolic content of onion. RESULTS: We examined the effect of conventional, organic, and mixed cultivation practices on the content of total phenolics, total flavonoids and antioxidant activity in two varieties of onion grown over four years in a split-plot factorial systems comparison trial...
November 12, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853794/simulations-of-graphitic-nanoparticles-at-air-water-interfaces
#20
George Yiapanis, Adam Joseph Makarucha, Julia S Baldauf, Matthew T Downton
The free energy associated with transferring a set of fullerene particles through a finite water layer is calculated using explicit solvent molecular dynamic simulations. Each fullerene particle is a carbon network of one or more spheroidal shells of graphitic carbon, and include single-shell (single-wall) or nested multi-shelled (nano-onions) structures ranging from 6 to 28 Å in radius. Corresponding changes in energy suggest a stronger affinity of carbon nano-onions for water compared to their single-shelled analogues...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
keyword
keyword
41200
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"