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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353338/the-use-of-infant-confinement-equipment-in-community-based-child-care-centers-an-analysis-of-centers-participating-in-a-statewide-quality-rating-and-improvement-system
#1
Rena A Hallam, Kaitlin Bargreen, Hillary N Fouts, Laura Lessard, Christine Skrobot
Objectives Although infants increasingly spend time in community-based child care centers, little attention has been paid to their physical activity experiences while in group care. In particular, the use of devices to restrict infant mobility, such as bouncy seats, high chairs, cribs, and stationary activity centers, has received little attention in the physical activity literature. The current study examines the presence and use of these confinement devices in infant classrooms. Methods A secondary analysis of observational data in child care centers participating in Delaware's Quality Rating and Improvement System was conducted...
January 20, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351626/neuroendovascular-fellowship-training-self-assessment-of-a-program-accredited-by-the-committee-on-advanced-subspecialty-training
#2
Hakeem J Shakir, Hussain Shallwani, Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Amade Bregy, Jason M Davies, Ashish Sonig, Christopher S Ogilvy, Kenneth V Snyder, L Nelson Hopkins, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy
The University at Buffalo's neuroendovascular fellowship is one of the longest running fellowship programs in North America. The burgeoning neurointerventional workforce and the rapid growth in the neurointerventional space on the heels of groundbreaking clinical trials prompted us to assess the fellowship's academic impact and its graduates' perceptions and productivity. An anonymized web-based survey was sent to all former neuroendovascular fellows with specific questions pertaining to current practice, research and funding, and perceptions about the fellowship's impact on their skills, competitiveness, and compensation...
January 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350923/casscf-calculations-reveal-competitive-chair-pericyclic-and-boat-pseudopericyclic-transition-states-for-the-3-3-sigmatropic-rearrangement-of-allyl-esters
#3
Henry W Kreiman, Mackenzie E Batali, Cooper Jamieson, Molly A Lyon, James Alan Duncan
(10,8)CASPT2/6-31G**//(10,8)CASSCF/6-31G** calculations have been performed on the potential surface for the [3,3] sigmatropic allyl ester rearrangements of cis-3-penten-2-yl acetate (16) to trans-3-penten-2-yl acetate (17) and 3-buten-2-yl acetate (21) to trans-2-buten-1-yl acetate (22). The results are compared to DFT (B3LYP/6-31G**) calculations on the known 16→17 rearrangement that reported it to be concerted and pseudopericyclic through a boat-shaped transition structure (Birney, D. M. et al. J. Am. Chem...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341382/synthesis-crystal-analysis-and-optoelectronic-properties-of-diazole-functionalized-acenes-and-azaacenes
#4
Jinchong Xiao, Huahang Pan, Tingting Song, Xiaomeng Yin, Pengcheng Jin
Doping heteroatoms into the skeletons of parent acenes can provide more chances to construct novel thermally and photo-stable organic π-conjugated semiconductors. Herein, a family of diazole-decorated acenes (APyS and APySe) and azaacenes (PyP, PyTh, PyPy, PyPh and PyAP) have been successfully synthesized through the classical reactions. Single crystal X-ray analyses showed that these as-formed diazole-modified derivatives adopted twisted topology configuration, whereas the azaacenes display reclining-chair architectures, besides twisted structure...
January 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334273/the-barthel-index-and-the-cumulated-ambulation-score-are-superior-to-the-de-morton-mobility-index-for-the-early-assessment-of-outcome-in-patients-with-a-hip-fracture-admitted-to-an-acute-geriatric-ward
#5
Signe Hulsbæk, Rikke Faebo Larsen, Susanne Rosthøj, Morten Tange Kristensen
PURPOSE: To examine clinimetric properties of the de Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI) in patients with hip fracture in comparison with the modified Barthel Index (BI), Cumulated Ambulation Score (CAS), and 30-s Chair Stand Test (30-s CST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and twenty two patients with a hip fracture admitted to a geriatric ward following surgery were assessed on day 1 and at discharge (mean of 9 [SD 5.1] post-surgery days). RESULTS: Ninety eight percent and 89% of patients were not able to perform the 30-s CST at baseline and at discharge (large floor effect), respectively...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332740/an-electromyographic-analysis-of-selected-asana-in-experienced-yogic-practitioners
#6
Kathleen Kelley, Katherine Slattery, Kaitlyn Apollo
The purpose of this study was to assess electromyographic (EMG) output of the anterior tibialis (TA), medial head of the gastrocnemius (GA), rectus femoris (RF), bicep femoris (BF), and gluteus medius (GM) in experienced yogic practitioners during selected yoga asana. A secondary purpose was to examine the differences in EMG output in unilateral V. bilateral standing yoga asana. The study was a single occasion descriptive design. Thirteen healthy yoga practitioners (1 male, 12 females, average age of 37.5) with more than five years of experience were recruited...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331820/using-vibrational-molecular-spectroscopy-to-reveal-association-of-steam-flaking-induced-carbohydrates-molecular-structural-changes-with-grain-fractionation-biodigestion-and-biodegradation
#7
Ningning Xu, Jianxin Liu, Peiqiang Yu
Advanced vibrational molecular spectroscopy has been developed as a rapid and non-destructive tool to reveal intrinsic molecular structure conformation of biological tissues. However, this technique has not been used to systematically study flaking induced structure changes at a molecular level. The objective of this study was to use vibrational molecular spectroscopy to reveal association between steam flaking induced CHO molecular structural changes in relation to grain CHO fractionation, predicted CHO biodegradation and biodigestion in ruminant system...
January 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331746/canadian-neurosurgery-educators-views-on-stereotactic-radiosurgery-in-residency-training
#8
Nardin Samuel, Justine Philteos, Naif M Alotaibi, Christopher Ahuja, Alireza Mansouri, Abhaya V Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing prominence of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in treating intracranial and spinal pathologies, there is currently a dearth of exposure to this modality in neurosurgical residency. To address this gap, the aim of this study is to assess neurosurgery educators' views regarding the current state of SRS exposure, and to identify potential approaches to improve residency education in this domain. METHODS: Qualitative thematic analysis and constructivist grounded theory methodology were employed...
January 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329429/how-to-convene-an-international-health-or-development-commission-ten-key-steps
#9
Gavin Yamey, Lawrence H Summers, Dean T Jamison, Jessica Brinton
The Commission on Investing in Health (CIH), an international group of 25 economists and global health experts, published its Global Health 2035 report in The Lancet in December 2013. The report laid out an ambitious investment framework for achieving a "grand convergence" in health-a universal reduction in deaths from infectious diseases and maternal and child health conditions-within a generation. This article captures ten key elements that the CIH found important to its process and successful outcomes. The elements are presented in chronological order, from inception to post-publication activities...
January 10, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329261/sitting-posture-monitoring-system-based-on-a-low-cost-load-cell-using-machine-learning
#10
Jongryun Roh, Hyeong-Jun Park, Kwang Jin Lee, Joonho Hyeong, Sayup Kim, Boreom Lee
Sitting posture monitoring systems (SPMSs) help assess the posture of a seated person in real-time and improve sitting posture. To date, SPMS studies reported have required many sensors mounted on the backrest plate and seat plate of a chair. The present study, therefore, developed a system that measures a total of six sitting postures including the posture that applied a load to the backrest plate, with four load cells mounted only on the seat plate. Various machine learning algorithms were applied to the body weight ratio measured by the developed SPMS to identify the method that most accurately classified the actual sitting posture of the seated person...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327512/mental-disorder-are-we-moving-away-from-distress-and-disability
#11
Diogo Telles-Correia
The first time that formally a definition of mental disorder was presented was in DSM-III. This resulted from a complex conceptual analysis carried out by Spitzer, chair of the committee on nomenclature and statistics. The criteria of harm (distress-disability) arise as main defining characteristics for mental illness, being added that "there is an inference" that there is a dysfunction. The distress-disability model was later developed by Wakefield. This author argued that in a medical or psychiatric disorder there had to be a dysfunctional component (value free) and another one of harm (value laden)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326817/seating-in-aged-care-physical-fit-independence-and-comfort
#12
Alethea Blackler, Claire Brophy, Maria O'Reilly, Marianella Chamorro-Koc
Objectives: This research was intended to provide a greater understanding of the context and needs of aged care seating, specifically:To conduct an audit of typical chairs used in aged care facilities;To collect data about resident and staff experiences and behaviour around chairs in order to gain a deeper understanding of the exact issues that residents and staff have with the chairs they use at aged care facilities;To identify positive and negative issues influencing use of chairs in aged care facilities;To deliver evidence-based recommendations for the design of chairs for aged care facilities...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326087/a-multicomponent-exercise-program-improves-physical-function-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola, Idoia Zarrazquin, Iñaki Echeverria, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
To investigate the impact of a multicomponent exercise program on anthropometry, physical function, and physical activity on older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNH), we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 112 participants aged 84.9 ± 6.9 years. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (IG) or control group (CG). The IG participated in a 3-month multicomponent exercise intervention focused on strength, balance, stretching exercises, and walking recommendations...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325585/clinical-research-ethics-review-process-in-lebanon-efficiency-and-functions-of-research-ethics-committees-results-from-a-descriptive-questionnaire-based-study
#14
David Atallah, Malak Moubarak, Nadine El Kassis, Sara Abboud
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials conducted in Lebanon are increasing. However, little is known about the performance of research ethics committees (RECs) in charge of reviewing the research protocols. This study aimed to assess the level of adherence to the ethics surrounding the conduct of clinical trials and perceptions of team members regarding roles of the RECs during the conduct of clinical trials in Lebanon. The research question was: Are RECs adherent to the ethics surrounding the conduct of clinical trials (chapters II and IV in 'Standards and Operational Guidance for Ethics Review of Health-related Research with Human Participants' in Lebanon?' METHODS: This was a quantitative and descriptive questionnaire-based study conducted among RECs of university hospitals in Lebanon...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325515/safer-chairs-for-elderly-patients-design-evaluation-using-electromyography-and-force-measurement
#15
Shabboo Valipoor, Debajyoti Pati, Matt S Stock, Doug Bazuin
A vast majority of patient fall events in hospitals involve the elderly. In inpatient care settings, despite the risk of fall, patients are encouraged to leave their bed, move around their room, and sit on their chair to progress in their healing. Despite the vital role of patient chair design in improving recovery, few studies have examined the ergonomic requirements of safe patient chairs. This study examined the impact of manipulating horizontal and vertical positions of armrests in a test chair on required physical effort during Stand-to-Sit-to-Stand (St-Si-St) transitions among fifteen elderly women...
January 11, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324632/chair-lift-falls-and-injuries-in-children
#16
Eric W Glissmeyer, Ryan R Metzger, Robert Bolte
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare demographic injury and treatment characteristics of hospitalized pediatric cases of falls from chair lifts to cases of other ski and snowboarding injuries and identify potential interventions for preventing falls from chair lifts. METHODS: Retrospective query of the trauma registry of Utah's only pediatric trauma center for children younger than 18 years requiring hospitalization for a ski or snowboarding injury from November 2004 to February 2014...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324076/brain-functional-changes-before-during-and-after-clinical-pain
#17
X Hu, A J Racek, E Bellile, T D Nascimento, M C Bender, R L Toback, D Burnett, L Khatib, R McMahan, I Kovelman, R P Ellwood, A F DaSilva
This study used an emerging brain imaging technique, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), to investigate functional brain activation and connectivity that modulates sometimes traumatic pain experience in a clinical setting. Hemodynamic responses were recorded at bilateral somatosensory (S1) and prefrontal cortices (PFCs) from 12 patients with dentin hypersensitivity in a dental chair before, during, and after clinical pain. Clinical dental pain was triggered with 20 consecutive descending cold stimulations (32° to 0°C) to the affected teeth...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323629/three-minutes-sitting-test-for-evaluating-lumbar-foraminal-stenosis-a-preliminary-report
#18
Tetsutaro Mizuno, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Yuichi Kasai
CONTEXT: Lumbar foraminal stenosis is often seen in patients with lumbar spine disease; however, its diagnosis is often difficult, both by physical examination and in terms of imaging. We focused on leg pain in a sitting position and defined a positive result more specifically as, "impossible to sit still and straight on the chair for about 3 minutes due to the appearance of lower limb pain or buttock pain," and we named this the "Three-Minute Sitting Test" (TMST). FINDINGS: Nineteen (7...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322491/influence-of-prehospital-function-and-strength-on-outcomes-of-critically-ill-older-adults
#19
D Clark Files, Rebecca Neiberg, Julia Rushing, Peter E Morris, Michael P Young, Hilsa Ayonayon, Tamara Harris, Anne Newman, Susan Rubin, Eric Shiroma, Denise Houston, Michael E Miller, Stephen B Kritchevsky
OBJECTIVES: To understand the influence of prehospital physical function and strength on clinical outcomes of critically ill older adults. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of prospective cohort study. SETTING: Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study. PARTICIPANTS: Of 3,075 older adult Health ABC participants, we identified 575 (60% white, 61% male, mean age 79) with prehospital function or grip strength measurements within 2 years of an intensive care unit stay...
January 11, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320923/the-effect-of-seated-pelvic-tilt-on-posterior-edge-loading-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-finite-element-investigation
#20
Jim Pierrepont, Long Yang, Jevan Arulampalam, Catherine Stambouzou, Brad Miles, Qing Li
Edge-loading of a ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacement can lead to reproducible squeaking and revision. A patient's functional acetabular cup orientation, driven by their pelvic tilt, has been shown to be a significant factor in squeaking during hip flexion. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of seated pelvic tilt on the contact mechanics at the ceramic bearing surface. A finite element model of a ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacement was created. The cup was orientated at 40° inclination and 15° anteversion relative to the anterior pelvic plane...
January 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
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