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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149618/effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-empowerment-based-intervention-programme-among-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Yuning Wu, Junhong Long, Meihua Tao
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts and advances in evidence-based diabetes management, poor glycaemic control still remains a challenge in many countries. There is a paucity of research addressing the needs of patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, or exploring the effectiveness of empowerment-based interventions in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based programme on glycaemic control and self-management behaviours among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149219/characterization-and-classification-of-lupus-patients-based-on-plasma-thermograms
#2
Nichola C Garbett, Guy N Brock, Jonathan B Chaires, Chongkham S Mekmaysy, Lynn DeLeeuw, Kathy L Sivils, John B Harley, Brad H Rovin, K B Kulasekera, Wael N Jarjour
OBJECTIVE: Plasma thermograms (thermal stability profiles of blood plasma) are being utilized as a new diagnostic approach for clinical assessment. In this study, we investigated the ability of plasma thermograms to classify systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients versus non SLE controls using a sample of 300 SLE and 300 control subjects from the Lupus Family Registry and Repository. Additionally, we evaluated the heterogeneity of thermograms along age, sex, ethnicity, concurrent health conditions and SLE diagnostic criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148728/neutral-luminescent-metal-organic-frameworks-structural-diversification-photophysical-properties-and-sensing-applications
#3
Gouri Chakraborty, Sanjay K Mandal
Utilizing flexible bis(tridentate)polypyridyl ligands, the two new luminescent 2D metal organic frameworks {Zn2(tpbn)(2,6-NDC)2}n (1) and {[Zn2(tphn)(2,6-NDC)2]·4H2O}n (2), where tpbn = N,N',N″,N‴-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,4-diaminobutane, tphn = N,N',N″,N‴-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)-1,6-diaminohexane, and 2,6-H2NDC = 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid, have been isolated in good yields under solvothermal conditions. Their solid-state molecular structures have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffractometry...
November 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147731/the-influence-of-cervical-movement-on-eye-stabilization-reflexes-a-randomized-trial
#4
Britta K Ischebeck, Jurryt de Vries, Jan Paul van Wingerden, Gert Jan Kleinrensink, Maarten A Frens, Jos N van der Geest
To investigate the influence of the amount of cervical movement on the cervico-ocular reflex (COR) and vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in healthy individuals. Eye stabilization reflexes, especially the COR, are changed in neck pain patients. In healthy humans, the strength of the VOR and the COR are inversely related. In a cross-over trial the amplitude of the COR and VOR (measured with a rotational chair with eye tracking device) and the active cervical range of motion (CROM) was measured in 20 healthy participants (mean age 24...
November 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145831/copd-online-rehabilitation-versus-conventional-copd-rehabilitation-rationale-and-design-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol-core-trial
#5
Henrik Hansen, Theresa Bieler, Nina Beyer, Nina Godtfredsen, Thomas Kallemose, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a key treatment in COPD. However, despite the existing evidence and a strong recommendation from lung associations worldwide, 50% of patients with COPD decline to participate in COPD rehabilitation program and 30-50% drop-out before completion. The main reasons are severe symptoms, inflexible accessibility and necessity for transportation. Currently there are no well-established and evident rehabilitation alternatives...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143586/break-out-session-highlights
#6
Kjell-Morten Myhr, Mathias Mäurer, Marisa Martínez Ginés, Federica Esposito, Ralf Linker
A popular feature of the Multiple Sclerosis Experts Summit is interactive break-out sessions to discuss various aspects of multiple sclerosis (MS), including MS spasticity and general management of MS patients. The format encourages participation and active discussion, thus providing attendees with the opportunity to exchange their experiences of the day-to-day management of MS in clinical practice. Following feedback provided by each session leader, key messages are summarized and presented in a plenary session by the Summit chair...
November 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143131/vertebral-fractures-and-their-association-with-health-related-quality-of-life-back-pain-and-physical-function-in-older-women
#7
Lisa Johansson, Daniel Sundh, Martin Nilsson, Dan Mellström, Mattias Lorentzon
Studies investigating prevalent vertebral fracture (VF) diagnosed using densitometry-based VF assessment (VFA) and associations with physical function, assessed by performance-based measures, are lacking. In this population-based study of 1027 older women, we found that prevalent VF, identified by VFA, was associated with inferior physical health, back pain and inferior physical function. PURPOSE: Several studies have investigated the associations between health-related quality of life (HRQL) and back pain with prevalent VF, detected by spine radiographs, but just a few have been population-based and have used vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) for diagnosing VF...
November 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137947/low-dose-vitamin-d-supplementation-and-incident-frailty-in-older-people-an-eight-year-longitudinal-study
#8
Francesco Bolzetta, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Alberto Cester, Stefania Maggi, Ai Koyanagi, Emanuele Cereda, Nicola Veronese
Hypovitaminosis D is associated with frailty, but if vitamin D supplementation may prevent the onset of frailty is poorly known. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation is associated with a lower risk of frailty. In this longitudinal study, 4,421 individuals at high risk or having knee osteoarthritis free from frailty at baseline (mean age: 61.3, females=58.0%) were followed for 8 years. Details regarding vitamin D supplementation were captured by asking whether the participant took vitamin D during the previous year, at least once per month...
November 11, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137891/human-leukocyte-antigen-hla-and-gulf-war-illness-gwi-hla-drb1-13-02-spares-subcortical-atrophy-in-gulf-war-veterans
#9
Lisa M James, Peka Christova, Brian E Engdahl, Scott M Lewis, Adam F Carpenter, Apostolos P Georgopoulos
BACKGROUND: Gulf War Illness (GWI) is a multisystem disorder that has affected a substantial number of veterans who served in the 1990-91 Gulf War. The brain is prominently affected, as manifested by the presence of neurological, cognitive and mood symptoms. We reported previously on the protective role of six Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) alleles in GWI (Georgopoulos et al., 2016) and their association with regional brain function (James et al., 2016). More recently, we reported on the presence of subcortical brain atrophy in GWI (Christova et al...
November 9, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136304/reversible-polymerization-of-adamantane-type-p4n10-10-anions-to-honeycomb-type-p2n5-5-layers-under-high-pressure
#10
Eva-Maria Bertschler, Robin Niklaus, Wolfgang Schnick
The high-pressure polymorph Li5P2N5 of Li10P4N10 (= "2 Li5P2N5") was synthesized by high-pressure/high-temperature reaction of LiPN2 and Li7PN4 or beta-Li10P4N10 at 9 GPa, using the Li3N self-flux method in a Walker-type multianvil assembly. Li5P2N5 is the first lithium nitridophosphate with a layered structure and is made up of corner sharing PN4 tetrahedra forming a corrugated honeycomb-type layer of linked sechser-rings in chair conformation. The arrangement of the P atoms is analogous to that of black phosphorus...
November 14, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136046/-a-woman-at-the-chair-is-nothing-out-of-the-ordinary-dental-practice-by-female-dentists-in-the-netherlands
#11
J J M Bruers, B A F M van Dam
Women currently make up 40% of the dentist population in the Netherlands. On the basis of enrolment in educational programmes their share can be expected to grow to more than half. The literature shows gender differences in preferences regarding work setting and duration of the working week. Men and women also differ from each other with respect to the way dental care is provided. The presented data demonstrate an increase in the number of women working in dentistry and research data have confirmed the presumed differences between male and female dentists...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136031/quantification-of-the-sit-to-stand-movement-for-monitoring-age-related-motor-deterioration-using-the-nintendo-wii-balance-board
#12
Go Yamako, Etsuo Chosa, Koji Totoribe, Yuu Fukao, Gang Deng
Simple methods for quantitative evaluations of individual motor performance are crucial for the early detection of motor deterioration. Sit-to-stand movement from a chair is a mechanically demanding component of activities of daily living. Here, we developed a novel method using the ground reaction force and center of pressure measured from the Nintendo Wii Balance Board to quantify sit-to-stand movement (sit-to-stand score) and investigated the age-related change in the sit-to-stand score as a method to evaluate reduction in motor performance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135873/the-effect-of-peripheral-vestibular-recovery-on-improvements-in-vestibulo-ocular-reflexes-and-balance-control-after-acute-unilateral-peripheral-vestibular-loss
#13
John H J Allum, Alja Scheltinga, Flurin Honegger
BACKGROUND: Patients with an acute unilateral peripheral vestibular deficit (aUPVD), presumed to be caused by vestibular neuritis, show asymmetrical vestibular ocular reflexes (VORs) that improve over time. Questions arise regarding how much of the VOR improvement is due to peripheral recovery or central compensation, and whether differences in peripheral recovery influence balance control outcomes. METHODS: Thirty patients were examined at aUPVD onset and 3, 6, and 13 weeks later with four different VOR tests: caloric tests; rotating (ROT) chair tests performed in yaw with angular accelerations of 5 and 20 degrees/s; and video head impulse tests (vHIT) in the yaw plane...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135277/somato-visceral-effects-in-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhea-neuromuscular-manual-therapy-and-standard-pharmacological-treatment
#14
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Annamaria Porreca, Piera Attilia Di Felice, Loris Prosperi, Raoul Saggini
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to verify whether neuromuscular therapy (NMT) or pharmacology therapy (PT) is more effective for reducing symptoms in women affected by primary dysmenorrhea and the effects associated with each treatment. DESIGN: A controlled, randomized, single-blind clinical trial within the framework of the chair of physical medicine and rehabilitation of the University "G. d'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara. The study was conducted on a sample of 60 women suffering from primary dysmenorrhea...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134341/universit%C3%A3-tsspital-z%C3%A3-rich-80-years-of-neurosurgical-patient-care-in-switzerland
#15
Martin N Stienen, Carlo Serra, Lennart H Stieglitz, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: The predecessor of today's Department of Neurosurgery, UniversitätsSpital Zürich (USZ), was founded 80 years ago as the first independent Swiss clinic dedicated to neurosurgical patient care. On the occasion of this anniversary, we aimed to highlight the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at the USZ, and to put it into the historical context of Swiss and European Neurosurgery. METHOD: A literature review was conducted and we searched the archives of the USZ and the city of Zurich, as well as those of Swiss journals to extract relevant published articles, books, historical reports and pictures...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130477/transcranial-doppler-and-lower-extremity-function-in-older-adults-einstein-aging-study
#16
Ali Ezzati, Tatjana Rundek, Joe Verghese, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) measures of mean blood flow velocity (MBFV) in the major cerebral arteries are associated with measures of lower extremity function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 and older (mean 79.5, 54% female) without dementia participating in the Einstein Aging Study (N = 200)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128879/the-oarsi-core-set-of-performance-based-measures-for-knee-osteoarthritis-is-reliable-but-not-valid-and-responsive
#17
J J Tolk, R P A Janssen, C A C Prinsen, D A J M Latijnhouwers, M C van der Steen, S M A Bierma-Zeinstra, M Reijman
PURPOSE: The Osteoarthritis Research Society International has identified a core set of performance-based tests of physical function for use in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The core set consists of the 30-second chair stand test (30-s CST), 4 × 10 m fast-paced walk test (40 m FPWT) and a stair climb test. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability, validity and responsiveness of these performance-based measures to assess the ability to measure physical function in knee OA patients...
November 11, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125854/raaaf-s-office-landscape-the-end-of-sitting-energy-expenditure-and-temporary-comfort-when-working-in-non-sitting-postures
#18
Simone R Caljouw, Rutger de Vries, Rob Withagen
An earlier study suggested that the activity-inviting office landscape called "The End of Sitting", designed by Rietveld Architecture Art Affordances (RAAAF), should be considered as an alternative working environment to prevent sedentary behavior. The End of Sitting lacks chairs and tables but consists instead of a myriad of sloped surfaces at different heights that afford workers to stand, lean or recline at different locations. In this study, we assessed the impact of four of its workspaces on physical intensity, temporary comfort and productivity of office work and compared the outcomes with sitting and standing behind a desk...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124948/tasigna-nilotinib-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia%C3%A2-treatment-free-remission-after-nearly-2%C3%A2-years-an-interview-with-adam-mead
#19
Adam Mead
Dr Mead earned his medical degree from the University of Oxford and trained in hematology at St Bartholomew's Hospital and University College London. In 2007, he earned his PhD at UCL, which focused on the analysis of FLT3 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia. He is now Associate Professor of Hematology and MRC Senior Clinical Fellow at the WIMM, University of Oxford. His research group focuses on myeloid diseases and normal blood stem-cell biology. Dr Mead is the lead clinician for myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and chronic myeloid leukemia in the Thames Valley Strategic Clinical Network and is the chief investigator for several chronic myeloid leukemia and MPN clinical trials...
November 10, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124731/cardiovascular-risk-burden-and-future-risk-of-walking-speed-limitation-in-older-adults
#20
Emerald G Heiland, Chengxuan Qiu, Rui Wang, Giola Santoni, Yajun Liang, Laura Fratiglioni, Anna-Karin Welmer
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association between cardiovascular risk factor (CRF) burden and limitation in walking speed, balance, and chair stand and to verify whether these associations vary according to age and cognitive status. DESIGN: Longitudinal population-based study. SETTING: Urban area of Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older who participated in the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen and were free of limitations in walking speed (n = 1,441), balance (n = 1,154), or chair stands (n = 1,496) at baseline (2001-04)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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