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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923375/the-feldenkrais-method-improves-functioning-and-body-balance-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-supported-employment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Jon Torres-Unda, Vanesa Polo, Iratxe Dunabeitia, Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona, María García-Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
Loss of functioning and age-related health problems tend to appear earlier in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) than in their non-disabled peers. The Feldenkrais method (FM) is a movement-based form of learning that enhances body balance and physical functioning. We carried out an intervention based on Awareness Through Movement, a form of the FM. Thirty-two middle-aged (48.94±6.01years old) adults with ID who were in supported employment were recruited and randomly assigned to the experimental group (EG) or control group (CG)...
September 15, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918362/there-are-no-no-responders-to-low-or-high-resistance-training-volumes-among-older-women
#2
Matheus de Siqueira Mendes Barbalho, Paulo Gentil, Mikel Izquierdo, James Fisher, James Steele, Rodolfo de Azevedo Raiol
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of non-responders to different tests and to compare the effects of different resistance training (RT) volumes on muscle strength, anthropometric and functional performance of older women. METHODS: Three hundred seventy six women performed 12weeks of RT with either low or high volume (LV, 71.29±5.77years and HV 69.73±5.88years, respectively). Both groups performed the same exercises, and all parameters were held constant except for the number of sets performed per week...
September 13, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918168/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-frailty-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#3
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Renè Rizzoli, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Gaetano Crepaldi, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a paucity of data investigating the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and frailty, with no data among North American people. We aimed to investigate if adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower incidence of frailty in a large cohort of North American people. METHODS: This study included subjects at higher risk or having knee osteoarthritis. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using a validated Mediterranean diet score (aMED) as proposed by Panagiotakos and classified into five categories...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918003/relevance-of-adding-a-triangular-dynamic-cushion-on-a-traditional-chair-a-3d-analysis-of-seated-schoolchildren
#4
T Fettweis, M N Onkelinx, C Schwartz, C Demoulin, J L Croisier, M Vanderthommen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is highly prevalent in the general population and is even reported as early as at primary school. A poor sitting position has been suggested as an etiologic factor. This study analysed, in primary schoolchildren, the influence of a triangular dynamic cushion that aims to help children maintain their physiological lumbar lordosis and to induce movement to reduce the static effect of the sitting position. METHODS: Thirty 8-year-old children took part in this study...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917444/developing-a-hospital-wide-fertility-preservation-service-for-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients
#5
Claire A Carlson, Thomas F Kolon, Peter Mattei, Wendy Hobbie, Clarisa R Gracia, Sue Ogle, Jill P Ginsberg
PURPOSE: Gonadal damage is a common consequence of treatment for pediatric malignancies. Nononcologic conditions may also utilize treatments with potential impact on fertility. Models for oncology fertility preservation programs have emerged and demonstrate that a multidisciplinary team approach can have a positive impact on referral patterns, appropriate risk counseling, and access to fertility preservation options. Expansion of programmatic breadth is needed, providing improved care to nonmalignant conditions where the disease itself may impact reproductive health or treatment modalities...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916372/tracking-and-controlling-soft-surface-contamination-in-health-care-settings
#6
Jonathan D Sexton, Amanda M Wilson, Hannah P Sassi, Kelly A Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Study objectives were to track the transfer of microbes on soft surfaces in health care environments and determine the efficiency of an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered soft surface sanitizer in the health care environment. METHODS: Soft surfaces at 3 health care facilities were sampled for heterotrophic plate count (HPC) bacteria, Staphylococcus spp, Streptococcus pyogenes, and Escherichia coli followed by a tracer study with a virus surrogate seeded onto volunteer hands and commonly touched surfaces...
September 12, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910809/ingeborg-syllm-rapoport-1912-2017-an-exemplary-life-for-children-and-paediatrics
#7
Hannes Sallmon, Roland R Wauer, Charles Christoph Roehr
Ingeborg Syllm-Rapoport, the first Chair in neonatology in Europe, passed away on March 23. Her biography illustrates how medical and scientific work has been influenced by social, ideological, and economic frames and boundaries in the 20th century. Regarded as a "Half-Jew" by the Nazi racist laws, she was denied her medical doctorate. She went to the USA, where she trained in paediatrics and met her husband, the biochemist Samuel Mitja Rapoport. During the "McCarthy Era" both were persecuted as communists...
September 15, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906437/developing-fine-grained-actigraphies-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-from-a-single-accelerometer-using-machine-learning
#8
Javier Andreu-Perez, Luis Garcia-Gancedo, Jonathan McKinnell, Anniek Van der Drift, Adam Powell, Valentin Hamy, Thomas Keller, Guang-Zhong Yang
In addition to routine clinical examination, unobtrusive and physical monitoring of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients provides an important source of information to enable understanding the impact of the disease on quality of life. Besides an increase in sedentary behaviour, pain in RA can negatively impact simple physical activities such as getting out of bed and standing up from a chair. The objective of this work is to develop a method that can generate fine-grained actigraphies to capture the impact of the disease on the daily activities of patients...
September 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903842/effect-of-early-%C3%A2-3-mets-metabolic-equivalent-of-tasks-of-physical-activity-on-patient-s-outcome-after-cardiac-surgery
#9
Muhammad Iqbal Tariq, Asif Ali Khan, Zara Khalid, Hania Farheen, Furqan Ahmed Siddiqi, Imran Amjad
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of <3 Mets (Metabolic Equivalent of Tasks) of physical activity on zero postoperative days for improving hemodynamic and respiratory parameters of patients after cardiac surgeries. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized control trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: BARMWTHospital, Rawalpindi, from March to August 2015. METHODOLOGY: Arandomized controlled trial was conducted on 174 CABG and valvular heart disease patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903659/sage-on-the-stage-women-s-representation-at-an-academic-conference
#10
Camille S Johnson, Pamela K Smith, Chunlei Wang
Who presents at conferences matters. Presenting research benefits speakers, and presenters shape the conclusions audiences draw about who can succeed in a field. This is particularly important for members of historically underrepresented or disadvantaged groups, such as women. We investigated gender representation over a 13-year period among speakers at the largest social and personality psychology conference. On average, women were underrepresented as speakers, though this effect diminished over time. Chairs appeared to serve as gatekeepers: In symposia chaired by women, almost half of the invited speakers were women, whereas in symposia chaired by men, it was a third...
April 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903631/evaluation-of-overactive-bladder-and-nocturia-as-a-risk-factor-for-hip-fracture-in-climacteric-women-a-matched-pair-case-control-study
#11
Aysun Karabulut, Serap Simavlı, Ömer Demirtaş, Nusret Ök, Harun Reşit Güngör, Ali Zümrütbaş
The aim of this study was to investigate whether overactive bladder (OAB) influences hip fractures in climacteric women by comparing the frequency of OAB and nocturia symptoms in patients with hip fractures and their age-matched controls in pre-fracture period. A total of 30 climacteric patients with a history of hip fracture were compared to a control group of 51 women in terms of OAB, nocturia and nocturia-QoL. A questionnaire composed of structured questions and Turkish validated versions of the specific questionnaires for OAB, OAB-Quality of Life (OAB-q) and nocturia-QoL was directed to the two groups...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903316/mdm2-antagonists-synergize-with-pi3k-mtor-inhibition-in-well-differentiated-dedifferentiated-liposarcomas
#12
Audrey Laroche, Vanessa Chaire, Marie-Paule Algeo, Marie Karanian, Benjamin Fourneaux, Antoine Italiano
BACKGROUND: Well-differentiated/dedifferentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS/DDLPS) are characterized by a consistent amplification of the MDM2 gene. The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway has been suggested to play also an important role in their tumorigenesis. Our goal was to determine whether combined MDM2 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR targeting is associated with higher anti-tumor activity than single agent alone in preclinical models of WDLPS/DDLPS. METHODS: WDLPS/DDLPS cells were exposed to RG7388 (MDM2 antagonist) and BEZ235 (PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor) after which apoptosis and signaling/survival pathway perturbations were monitored by flow cytometry and Western blot analysis...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902101/early-ambulation-decreases-length-of-hospital-stay-perioperative-complications-and-improves-functional-outcomes-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-correction-of-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#13
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Jared Fialkoff, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos Bagley
STUDY DESIGN: Ambispective cohort review. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of early mobilization on patient outcomes, complications profile, and 30-day readmission rates. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Prolonged immobilization after surgery can result in functional decline and an increased risk of hospital-associated complications. METHODS: We conducted an ambispective study of 125 elderly patients (>65 years) undergoing elective spinal surgery for correction of adult degenerative scoliosis...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899150/will-this-case-count-the-influence-of-training-on-treatment
#14
Rachel Blakeman, Marianne Goldberger
Mandated use of the couch-whether specifically stated or tacitly communicated by supervisors and colleagues-to fulfill requirements for graduation or certification is a significant disservice to candidates and their patients. In its training standards, it is argued, APsaA and its member institutes should state explicitly that a treatment can qualify as a psychoanalysis, regardless of whether the patient is using the couch, as long as the process is analytic and the candidate's thinking is demonstrably analytic...
December 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894695/which-obstacles-prevent-us-from-recruiting-into-clinical-trials-a-survey-about-the-environment-for-clinical-studies-at-a-german-university-hospital-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#15
Christoph Straube, Peter Herschbach, Stephanie E Combs
BACKGROUND: Prospective clinical studies are the most important tool in modern medicine. The standard in good clinical practice in clinical trials has constantly improved leading to more sophisticated protocols. Moreover, translational questions are increasingly addressed in clinical trials. Such trials must follow elaborate rules and regulations. This is accompanied by a significant increase in documentation issues which require substantial manpower. Furthermore, university-based clinical centers are interested in increasing the amount of patients treated within clinical trials, and this number has evolved to be a key quality criterion...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893224/relationship-between-sleep-quality-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-chinese-post-menopausal-women
#16
Sek Ying Chair, Qun Wang, Ho Yu Cheng, Sally Wai-Sze Lo, Xiao Mei Li, Eliza Mi-Ling Wong, Janet Wing-Hung Sit
BACKGROUND: Menopause is an inevitable stage affecting every middle-aged woman. China has a large and increasing group of post-menopausal women. Most post-menopausal women suffer from increased risks for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and sleep problems. Previous studies have demonstrated the associations between sleep disorders and increased CVD risks in general population. The current study is to examine the relationship between sleep quality and CVD risks among Chinese post-menopausal women...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891554/interocclusal-registration-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning-for-implant-restorations
#17
S AlZain
This paper describes a new technique to record the interocclusal relationship of an implant case where multiple posterior teeth are missing and need to be replaced by implant restorations. In the case presented, an appliance was designed to be supported only by hard immovable tissues; teeth that provide a precise fit of records. The well-fitting appliance can be used to accurately mount implant cases with inadequate posterior support for diagnosis and treatment planning. This technique of interocclusal registration has the advantages of accurate mounting, preservation of materials and financial expenses, and reduction of chair-side time...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888851/long-term-longitudinal-study-of-muscle-function-in-patients-with-glycogen-storage-disease-type-iiia
#18
Valérie Decostre, Pascal Laforêt, Marie De Antonio, Kahina Kachetel, Aurélie Canal, Gwenn Ollivier, Aleksandra Nadaj-Pakleza, François M Petit, Karim Wahbi, Abdallah Fayssoil, Bruno Eymard, Anthony Behin, Philippe Labrune, Jean-Yves Hogrel
Glycogen storage disease type III (GSDIII) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the AGL gene coding for the glycogen debranching enzyme. Current therapy is based on dietary adaptations but new preclinical therapies are emerging. The identification of outcome measures which are sensitive to disease progression becomes critical to assess the efficacy of new treatments in upcoming clinical trials. In order to prepare future longitudinal studies or therapeutic trials with large cohorts, information about disease progression is required...
August 30, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885531/practitioner-application-emotional-intelligence-and-burnout-in-academic-radiation-oncology-chairs
#19
Ronald M Sokoloff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885530/emotional-intelligence-and-burnout-in-academic-radiation-oncology-chairs
#20
Emma B Holliday, James A Bonner, Silvia C Formenti, Stephen M Hahn, Shalom Kalnicki, Fei-Fei Liu, Benjamin Movsas, Clifton D Fuller, Charles R Thomas
The importance of emotional intelligence (EI) in physicians has attracted attention as researchers begin to focus on the relationship of EI to retention, promotion, and productivity among academic physicians. However, to date, no formal evaluation of EI has been conducted among current department chairs. The objectives of this study were to assess the EI of current chairs of academic radiation oncology departments and to correlate EI with a self-reported assessment of burnout.The authors invited 95 chairs of academic radiation oncology departments to participate in a survey, approved by an institutional review board, consisting of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF) and the abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory (a-MBI)...
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
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