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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813334/the-future-for-pettlep-a-modern-perspective-on-an-effective-and-established-tool
#1
REVIEW
Dave Collins, Howie J Carson
Over the past 15 years there has been much research into the PETTLEP model of motor imagery, originally designed to improve the quality and impact of imagery interventions on sport performance. This article reviews the most recent trends within this research. Despite a suggested change of underpinning mechanisms involved, there is much support for the positive impact of the model when applied within the sporting context and with engaged participants. The model also appears to have provided impact in fields other than sport, such as medicine and music...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813307/the-innate-alarm-system-in-ptsd-conscious-and-subconscious-processing-of-threat
#2
REVIEW
Ruth A Lanius, Daniela Rabellino, Jenna E Boyd, Sherain Harricharan, Paul A Frewen, Margaret C McKinnon
The innate alarm system (IAS), comprised of functionally connected brain regions including the brainstem, amygdala, pulvinar, and frontotemporal cortex, is a fast subcortical brain network facilitating rapid responses to threat. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) features subconscious and conscious threat detection, together contributing to hyperarousal symptoms. Emerging literature identifies aberrant threat-related neurocircuitry involved in subconscious and conscious threat processing in PTSD. We review this literature, focusing on subconscious threat processing and its relation to the IAS...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813266/intuitive-parenting-understanding-the-neural-mechanisms-of-parents-adaptive-responses-to-infants
#3
REVIEW
Christine E Parsons, Katherine S Young, Alan Stein, Morten L Kringelbach
When interacting with an infant, parents intuitively enact a range of behaviours that support infant communicative development. These behaviours include altering speech, establishing eye contact and mirroring infant expressions and are argued to occur largely in the absence of conscious intent. Here, we describe studies investigating early, pre-conscious neural responses to infant cues, which we suggest support aspects of parental intuitive behaviour towards infants. This work has provided converging evidence for rapid differentiation of infant cues from other salient social signals in the adult brain...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812168/a-wireless-pressure-sensor-for-continuous%C3%A2-monitoring-of-intraocular-pressure-in-conscious-animals
#4
Simon A Bello, Christopher L Passaglia
An important aspect of eye health in humans and animal models of human diseases is intraocular pressure (IOP). IOP is typically measured by hand with a tonometer, so data are sparse and sporadic and round-the-clock variations are not well characterized. Here we present a novel system for continuous wireless IOP and temperature measurement in small animals. The system consists of a cannula implanted in the anterior chamber of the eye connected to pressure sensing electronics that can be worn by rats or implanted in larger mammals...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811944/successful-resuscitation-of-a-patient-with-life-threatening-metabolic-acidosis-by-hemodialysis-a-case-of-ethylene-glycol-intoxication
#5
Ikuyo Narita, Michiko Shimada, Norio Nakamura, Reiichi Murakami, Takeshi Fujita, Wakako Fukuda, Hirofumi Tomita
BACKGROUND: Ethylene glycol intoxication causes severe metabolic acidosis and acute kidney injury. Fomepizole has become available as its antidote. Nevertheless, a prompt diagnosis is not easy because patients are often unconscious. Here we present a case of ethylene glycol intoxication who successfully recovered with prompt hemodialysis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old Japanese male was admitted to a local hospital due to suspected food poisoning. The patient presented with nausea and vomiting, but his condition rapidly deteriorated, with worsening conscious level, respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation, hypotension, and severe acute kidney injury...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811199/comparison-of-analytical-methods-of-brain-18-f-fdg-pet-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Karine Madsen, Sara Hesby, Ingrid Poulsen, Stefan Fuglsang, Jesper Graff, Karen B Larsen, Lars P Kammersgaard, Ian Law, Hartwig R Siebner
BACKGROUND: Loss of consciousness has been shown to reduce cerebral metabolic rates of glucose (CMRglc) measured by brain [(18)F]FDG-PET. Measurements of regional metabolic patterns by normalization to global cerebral metabolism or cerebellum may underestimate widespread reductions. NEW METHOD: The aim of this study was to compare quantification methods of whole brain glucose metabolism, including whole brain [18F]FDG uptake normalized to uptake in cerebellum, normalized to injected activity, normalized to plasma tracer concentration, and two methods for estimating CMRglc...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810588/chronic-disorders-of-consciousness
#7
Qiuyou Xie, Xiaoxiao Ni, Ronghao Yu, Yuanqing Li, Ruiwang Huang
Over the last 20 years, studies have provided greater insight into disorders of consciousness (DOC), also known as altered state of consciousness. Increased brain residual functions have been identified in patients with DOC due to the successful application of novel next-generation imaging technologies. Many unconscious patients have now been confirmed to retain considerable cognitive functions. It is hoped that greater insight regarding the psychological state of patients may be achieved through the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging and brain-computer interfaces...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810409/celebrity-endorsed-e-cigarette-brand-instagram-advertisements-effects-on-young-adults-attitudes-towards-e-cigarettes-and-smoking-intentions
#8
Joe Phua, Seunga Venus Jin, Jung Min Hahm
Celebrities endorsing e-cigarette brands on social media may exert a strong influence on e-cigarette uptake. Using a between-subject experiment, this study examines the effects of endorser type (celebrities, non-celebrities and products only) in e-cigarette brand Instagram advertisements on e-cigarette attitudes and smoking intentions. Results showed that celebrity endorsers significantly increased positive attitudes towards e-cigarettes and smoking intentions, compared to non-celebrities or products only. Celebrity endorsers also rated significantly higher on trustworthiness, expertise, goodwill and attractiveness, compared to non-celebrities...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810377/self-esteem-moderates-the-associations-between-body-related-self-conscious-emotions-and-depressive-symptoms
#9
Jennifer Brunet, Eva Pila, Shauna Solomon-Krakus, Catherine M Sabiston, Jennifer O'Loughlin
The objectives of this study were to describe the cross-sectional associations between body-related self-conscious emotions and depressive symptoms in young adults and examine self-esteem as a moderator of these associations. Data from a population-based sample of 811 young adults were analyzed using hierarchical multivariate linear regression analysis. Body-related shame ( β = .26) and guilt ( β = .25) were positively related to frequency of depressive symptoms. Self-esteem was negatively related to frequency of depressive symptoms ( β = -...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810157/propagating-the-haze-community-and-professional-perceptions-of-cannabis-cultivation-and-the-impacts-of-prohibition
#10
Helen Beckett Wilson, Stuart Taylor, Giles Barrett, Janet Jamieson, Lauren Grindrod
BACKGROUND: Recent decades have seen substantial changes in the UK cannabis landscape, including increased domestic production, the ascendancy of stronger strains (namely 'skunk') and the drug's reclassification under the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act. Resultantly, cannabis retains significance in the consciousness, priorities and policy agendas of communities, drug services and criminal justice agencies. METHODS: This paper presents an empirical study, which examined both perceptions and impacts of cannabis cultivation and its control within a North-West English borough...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810072/dreamless-the-silent-epidemic-of-rem-sleep-loss
#11
Rubin Naiman
We are at least as dream deprived as we are sleep deprived. Many of the health concerns attributed to sleep loss result from a silent epidemic of REM sleep deprivation. REM/dream loss is an unrecognized public health hazard that silently wreaks havoc with our lives, contributing to illness, depression, and an erosion of consciousness. This paper compiles data about the causes and extent of REM/dream loss associated with commonly used medications, endemic substance use disorders, rampant sleep disorders, and behavioral and lifestyle factors...
August 15, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809822/assessment-and-communication-for-people-with-disorders-of-consciousness
#12
Rupert Ortner, Brendan Z Allison, Gerald Pichler, Alexander Heilinger, Nikolaus Sabathiel, Christoph Guger
In this experiment, we demonstrate a suite of hybrid Brain-Computer Interface (BCI)-based paradigms that are designed for two applications: assessing the level of consciousness of people unable to provide motor response and, in a second stage, establishing a communication channel for these people that enables them to answer questions with either 'yes' or 'no'. The suite of paradigms is designed to test basic responses in the first step and to continue to more comprehensive tasks if the first tests are successful...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809661/international-educational-interactions-and-students-critical-consciousness-a-pilot-study
#13
Rebecca M Aldrich, Lenin C Grajo
Online technologies facilitate connections between students around the world, but their impact on occupational science and occupational therapy students' critical consciousness about culture is underexplored. In this article we present research on five groups of occupational science and occupational therapy students across two cohorts at one Midwestern university. We used a pretest-posttest group design and the Multicultural Experiences Questionnaire to investigate the potential influence of students' exposure to international educational interactions on their multicultural experiences and desires...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808576/-awake-ecco2r-superseded-intubation-in-a-near-fatal-asthma-attack
#14
Thomas-Michael Schneider, Tibor Bence, Franz Brettner
BACKGROUND: Near-fatal asthma attacks are life threatening events that often require mechanical ventilation. Extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO2R) is, beside extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a well-established rescue option whenever ventilation gets to its limits. But there seems to be very rare experience with those techniques in avoiding mechanical ventilation in severe asthma attacks. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old man with a near-fatal asthma attack deteriorated under non-invasive ventilation conditions...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808252/altered-awareness-of-action-in-parkinson-s-disease-evaluations-by-explicit-and-implicit-measures
#15
Naho Saito, Keisuke Takahata, Hodaka Yamakado, Nobukatsu Sawamoto, Satoshi Saito, Ryosuke Takahashi, Toshiya Murai, Hidehiko Takahashi
Deficits in the integration of motor prediction and its feedback have been reported in Parkinson's disease. Conscious awareness of action is proposed to emerge under the integration of motor prediction and its feedback. Thus, it may lead to changes in the awareness of the authorship of action (in other words, the sense of agency) in Parkinson's disease. We have employed both explicit and implicit measures to assess the awareness of action in Parkinson's disease and matched controls. As an explicit measure, an action recognition task requiring explicit judgments was used...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808023/prefrontal-cortex-modulates-posterior-alpha-oscillations-during-top-down-guided-visual-perception
#16
Randolph F Helfrich, Melody Huang, Guy Wilson, Robert T Knight
Conscious visual perception is proposed to arise from the selective synchronization of functionally specialized but widely distributed cortical areas. It has been suggested that different frequency bands index distinct canonical computations. Here, we probed visual perception on a fine-grained temporal scale to study the oscillatory dynamics supporting prefrontal-dependent sensory processing. We tested whether a predictive context that was embedded in a rapid visual stream modulated the perception of a subsequent near-threshold target...
August 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806632/clinical-utility-of-serum-lactate-levels-for-differential-diagnosis-of-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizures-from-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-and-syncope
#17
Ebru Apaydın Doğan, Ali Ünal, Aslıhan Ünal, Çağla Erdoğan
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS), psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), and syncope constitutes a major challenge. Misdiagnosis rates up to 20 to 30% are reported in the literature. PURPOSE: To assess the clinical utility of serum lactate levels for differentiation of GTCS, PNES, and syncope based on gender differences. METHODS: Data from 270 patients were evaluated retrospectively. Only patients ≥18 years old with the final diagnosis of GTCS, PNES, or syncope in their chart were recruited...
August 11, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804979/kleine-levin-syndrome-elicited-by-encephalopathy-with-reversible-splenial-lesion
#18
Masaru Takayanagi, Shinichi Okabe, Katsuya Yamamoto, Juri Komatsu, Rikio Suzuki, Taro Kitamura, Toshihiro Ohura
Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare sleep disorder of unknown etiology characterized by repetitive episodes of hypersomnia between asymptomatic periods. We report the case of a 13-year-old girl who presented with drowsiness triggered by influenza A as the first episode. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on day 6 showed transient reduction of diffusion in the corpus callosum splenium. The patient was diagnosed with encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion. The symptoms resolved after 10 days, but additional episodes of hypersomnia lasting 5-10 days occurred 1, 5, 6, 11, 13, and 25 months after the first episode...
August 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804864/prescription-and-indication-for-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-a-swiss-university-hospital-a-prospective-survey
#19
Julie Mareschal, Jean Altwegg, Dimitri Berthet, Marinette Chikhi, Pierre Chopard, Séverine Graf, Christian Sierro, Claude Pichard, Laurence Genton
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Patients with an acute or chronically negative nutritional balance are at nutritional risk. Oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are simple and effective medical treatments of nutritional risk. In the ambulatory setting, in Switzerland, ONS are reimbursed by public insurance under conditions defined by Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition. The reimbursement requires a medical prescription for ONS and their delivery at the patient's home by a homecare service. The indication for the ONS, defined as a Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) score ≥3, must also be present...
August 14, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804753/concussion-incidence-and-recurrence-in-professional-australian-football-match-play-a-14-year-analysis
#20
Nathan Gibbs, Mark Watsford
BACKGROUND: Concussion incidence rates in professional Australian football may be underreported due to the injury classification definition. A myriad of factors contribute to concussion risk; however, there is limited long-term surveillance in Australian football. This study analysed concussion in one Australian football team over an extended period. METHOD: Match-play concussion injuries in one team (n = 116 participants) were diagnosed and treated by the team physician over 14 years...
2017: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
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