Read by QxMD icon Read

Pendrin inhibitor

Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, Paul A Welling, Susan M Wall
Alpha-ketoglutarate (αKG) is a citric acid cycle intermediate and a glutamine catabolism product. It is also the natural ligand of OXGR1, a Gq-protein coupled receptor expressed on the apical membrane of intercalated cells. In the CCD, Cl- /HCO3 - exchange increases upon αKG binding to the OXGR1. To determine the signaling pathway(s) by which αKG stimulates Cl- absorption, we examined αKG-stimulated Cl- absorption in isolated perfused mouse CCDs. αKG increased electroneutral Cl- absorption in CCDs from wild type mice, but had no effect on Cl- absorption in pendrin KO mice...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Rania Nasrallah, Joseph Zimpelmann, David Eckert, Jamie Ghossein, Sean Geddes, Jean-Claude Beique, Jean-Francois Thibodeau, Chris R J Kennedy, Kevin D Burns, Richard L Hébert
PGE2 regulates glomerular hemodynamics, renin secretion, and tubular transport. This study examined the contribution of PGE2 EP1 receptors to sodium and water homeostasis. Male EP1-/- mice were bred with hypertensive TTRhRen mice (Htn) to evaluate blood pressure and kidney function at 8 weeks of age in four groups: wildtype (WT), EP1-/-, Htn, HtnEP1-/-. Blood pressure and water balance were unaffected by EP1 deletion. COX1 and mPGE2 synthase were increased and COX2 was decreased in mice lacking EP1, with increases in EP3 and reductions in EP2 and EP4 mRNA throughout the nephron...
March 2018: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Marianna Ranieri, Kamyar Zahedi, Grazia Tamma, Mariangela Centrone, Annarita Di Mise, Manoocher Soleimani, Giovanna Valenti
High concentrations of urinary calcium counteract vasopressin action via the activation of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) that is expressed in the luminal membrane of collecting duct cells, which impairs the trafficking of aquaporin-2 (AQP2). Pendrin/NaCl cotransporter double-knockout (dKO) mice display significant calcium wasting and develop severe volume depletion, despite increased circulating vasopressin levels. We hypothesized that the CaSR-mediated impairment of AQP2 expression/trafficking underlies vasopressin resistance in dKO mice...
January 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
C-J Cheng, A R Rodan, C-L Huang
Diuretics are commonly prescribed for treatment in patients with hypertension, edema, or heart failure. Studies on hypertensive and salt-losing disorders and on urea transporters have contributed to better understanding of mechanisms of renal salt and water reabsorption and their regulation. Proteins involved in the regulatory pathways are emerging targets for diuretic and aquaretic therapy. Integrative high-throughput screening, protein structure analysis, and chemical modification have identified promising agents for preclinical testing in animals...
September 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Mohammad Amin Fallahzadeh, Banafshe Dormanesh, Mohammad Kazem Fallahzadeh, Jamshid Roozbeh, Mohammad Hossein Fallahzadeh, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb
BACKGROUND: Nephrotic edema is considered refractory if it does not respond to maximum or near-maximum doses of loop diuretics. This condition can be treated with loop diuretics and thiazides. However, animal studies show that the simultaneous downregulation of pendrin with acetazolamide and inhibition of the sodium-chloride cotransporter with hydrochlorothiazide generates significant diuresis, and furosemide administration following a pendrin inhibitor potentiates furosemide's diuretic effect...
March 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Ahmet Karatas, Havva Erdem, Zehra Karatas, Tulay Ozlu, Bulent Cakmak
Pendrin is important for transport of iodine across the placenta. Thiocyanate coming from cigarette is a competitive inhibitor of iodine transport. We aimed to evaluate the pendrin immunostaining intensity in placentas of smoker and non-smoker women. Placental tissues from 61 women, of which 28 were in smoking, and 33 were in non-smoking group were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining. Positive immunostaining was evaluated using a semiquantitative score: 0, negative; +, mild; ++, moderate; and +++, intense...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Emanuele Bernardinelli, Roberta Costa, Charity Nofziger, Markus Paulmichl, Silvia Dossena
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pendrin is a Cl-/I-/HCO3- exchanger playing a fundamental role in controlling blood pressure and airway function, therefore representing an attractive target for the treatment of hypertensive states and respiratory distresses. A review of the literature regarding the ability of some compounds (namely several known inhibitors of ion transport) to block pendrin activity revealed discordant findings. These incongruous findings may be due, in part, to the concentration of compound and/or the nature of the model system used in the study...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Onur Cil, Peter M Haggie, Puay-Wah Phuan, Joseph-Anthony Tan, Alan S Verkman
Pendrin is a Cl- /HCO3 - exchanger expressed in type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells in the distal nephron, where it facilitates Cl- absorption and is involved in Na+ absorption and acid-base balance. Pendrin-knockout mice show no fluid-electrolyte abnormalities under baseline conditions, although mice with double knockout of pendrin and the Na+ /Cl- cotransporter (NCC) manifest profound salt wasting. Thus, pendrin may attenuate diuretic-induced salt loss, but this function remains unconfirmed. To clarify the physiologic role of pendrin under conditions not confounded by gene knockout, and to test the potential utility of pendrin inhibitors for diuretic therapy, we tested in mice a small-molecule pendrin inhibitor identified from a high-throughput screen...
December 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Mina Patel-Chamberlin, Mujan Varasteh Kia, Jie Xu, Sharon Barone, Kamyar Zahedi, Manoocher Soleimani
BACKGROUND: The absence of NCC does not cause significant salt wasting in NCC deficient mice under basal conditions. We hypothesized that ENaC and pendrin play important roles in compensatory salt absorption in the setting of NCC inactivation, and their inhibition and/or downregulation can cause significant salt wasting in NCC KO mice. METHODS: WT and NCC KO mice were treated with a daily injection of either amiloride, an inhibitor of ENaC, or acetazolamide (ACTZ), a blocker of salt and bicarbonate reabsorption in the proximal tubule and an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrases in proximal tubule and intercalated cells, or a combination of acetazolamide plus amiloride for defined durations...
2016: PloS One
Peter M Haggie, Puay-Wah Phuan, Joseph-Anthony Tan, Lorna Zlock, Walter E Finkbeiner, A S Verkman
Pendrin (SLC26A4) is a Cl(-)/anion exchanger expressed in the epithelium of inflamed airways where it is thought to facilitate Cl(-) absorption and HCO3 (-) secretion. Studies using pendrin knockout mice and airway epithelial cells from hearing-impaired subjects with pendrin loss of function suggest involvement of pendrin in inflammatory lung diseases, including cystic fibrosis (CF), perhaps by regulation of airway surface liquid (ASL) volume. Here we identified small-molecule pendrin inhibitors and demonstrated their efficacy in increasing ASL volume...
June 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
L Twyffels, A Strickaert, M Virreira, C Massart, J Van Sande, C Wauquier, R Beauwens, J E Dumont, L J Galietta, A Boom, V Kruys
Iodide is captured by thyrocytes through the Na(+)/I(-) symporter (NIS) before being released into the follicular lumen, where it is oxidized and incorporated into thyroglobulin for the production of thyroid hormones. Several reports point to pendrin as a candidate protein for iodide export from thyroid cells into the follicular lumen. Here, we show that a recently discovered Ca(2+)-activated anion channel, TMEM16A or anoctamin-1 (ANO1), also exports iodide from rat thyroid cell lines and from HEK 293T cells expressing human NIS and ANO1...
December 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Roy L Sutliff, Erik R Walp, Young Hee Kim, Lori A Walker, Alexander M El-Ali, Jing Ma, Robert Bonsall, Semra Ramosevac, Douglas C Eaton, Jill W Verlander, Laura Hansen, Rudolph L Gleason, Truyen D Pham, Seongun Hong, Vladimir Pech, Susan M Wall
Pendrin is a Cl-/HCO3- exchanger expressed in the apical regions of renal intercalated cells. Following pendrin gene ablation, blood pressure falls, in part, from reduced renal NaCl absorption. We asked if pendrin is expressed in vascular tissue and if the lower blood pressure observed in pendrin null mice is accompanied by reduced vascular reactivity. Thus, the contractile responses to KCl and phenylephrine (PE) were examined in isometrically mounted thoracic aortas from wild-type and pendrin null mice. Although pendrin expression was not detected in the aorta, pendrin gene ablation changed contractile protein abundance and increased the maximal contractile response to PE when normalized to cross sectional area (CSA)...
2014: PloS One
Karen M Scanlon, Yael Gau, Jingsong Zhu, Ciaran Skerry, Susan M Wall, Manoocher Soleimani, Nicholas H Carbonetti
Pertussis disease, characterized by severe and prolonged coughing episodes, can progress to a critical stage with pulmonary inflammation and death in young infants. However, there are currently no effective treatments for pertussis. We previously studied the role of pertussis toxin (PT), an important Bordetella pertussis virulence factor, in lung transcriptional responses to B. pertussis infection in mouse models. One of the genes most highly upregulated in a PT-dependent manner encodes an epithelial transporter of bicarbonate, chloride, and thiocyanate, named pendrin, that contributes to asthma pathology...
October 2014: Infection and Immunity
Kyoung Hyun Yu, Hyewon Youn, Myung Geun Song, Dong Soo Lee, June-Key Chung
PURPOSE: The heat shock protein 90 inhibitor, tanespimycin, is an anticancer agent known to increase iodine accumulation in normal and cancerous thyroid cells. Iodine accumulation is regulated by membrane proteins such as sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and pendrin (PDS), and thus we attempted to characterize the effects of tanespimycin on those genes. METHODS: Cells were incubated with tanespimycin in order to evaluate (125)I accumulation and efflux ability. Radioiodine uptake and efflux were measured by a gamma counter and normalized by protein amount...
December 2012: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Kamyar Zahedi, Sharon Barone, Jie Xu, Manoocher Soleimani
BACKGROUND: Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAI) are mild diuretics, hence not widely used in fluid overloaded states. They are however the treatment of choice for certain non-kidney conditions. Thiazides, specific inhibitors of Na-Cl cotransport (NCC), are mild agents and the most widely used diuretics in the world for control of mild hypertension. HYPOTHESIS: In addition to inhibiting the salt reabsorption in the proximal tubule, CAIs down-regulate pendrin, therefore leaving NCC as the major salt absorbing transporter in the distal nephron, and hence allowing for massive diuresis by the inhibitors of NCC in the setting of increased delivery of salt from the proximal tubule...
2013: PloS One
Nicolas Picard, Katja Trompf, Chao-Ling Yang, R Lance Miller, Monique Carrel, Dominique Loffing-Cueni, Robert A Fenton, David H Ellison, Johannes Loffing
The thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC) of the renal distal convoluted tubule (DCT) controls ion homeostasis and arterial BP. Loss-of-function mutations of NCC cause renal salt wasting with arterial hypotension (Gitelman syndrome). Conversely, mutations in the NCC-regulating WNK kinases or kelch-like 3 protein cause familial hyperkalemic hypertension. Here, we performed automated sorting of mouse DCTs and microarray analysis for comprehensive identification of novel DCT-enriched gene products, which may potentially regulate DCT and NCC function...
March 2014: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Vladimir Pech, Monika Thumova, Sergey I Dikalov, Edith Hummler, Bernard C Rossier, David G Harrison, Susan M Wall
Since nitric oxide (NO) participates in the renal regulation of blood pressure, in part, by modulating transport of Na⁺ and Cl⁻ in the kidney, we asked whether NO regulates net Cl⁻ flux (JCl) in the cortical collecting duct (CCD) and determined the transporter(s) that mediate NO-sensitive Cl⁻ absorption. Cl⁻ absorption was measured in CCDs perfused in vitro that were taken from aldosterone-treated mice. Administration of an NO donor (10 μM MAHMA NONOate) reduced JCl and transepithelial voltage (VT) both in the presence or absence of angiotensin II...
June 1, 2013: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
James P Garnett, Emma Hickman, Orathai Tunkamnerdthai, Alan W Cuthbert, Michael A Gray
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our recent studies on human airway serous-like Calu-3 cells showed that cAMP agonists stimulated a HCO3(-) rich secretion containing up to 80 mM HCO3(-). This alkaline secretion relied on a coordinated switch in the activity of distinct Cl(-)-HCO3(-) anion exchangers (AE) located at different regions of the cell. At the apical membrane, cAMP agonists activated the electroneutral AE pendrin (SLC26A4), together with cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), while at the basolateral membrane the agonists inhibited AE2 (SLC4A2)...
April 2013: British Journal of Pharmacology
Hyun Jae Lee, Won Sun Yang, Hyun Woo Park, Hyun Seung Choi, Sung Huhn Kim, Jin Young Kim, Jae Young Choi
HYPOTHESIS: Pendrin acts as a Cl-/HCO3- exchanger and is responsible for endolymphatic fluid volume and pH homeostasis in human endolymphatic sac epithelial cells. BACKGROUND: The endolymphatic sac (ES) is part of the membranous labyrinth in the inner ear that plays an important role in maintaining homeostasis of the endolymphatic fluid system. However, the exact mechanism of fluid volume and pH regulation is not fully understood yet. We aimed to demonstrate the expression of various anion exchangers (AEs), including pendrin, in cultured human endolymphatic sac epithelial (HESE) cells...
December 2012: Otology & Neurotology
Monika Thumova, Vladimir Pech, Otto Froehlich, Diana Agazatian, Xiaonan Wang, Jill W Verlander, Young Hee Kim, Susan M Wall
Pendrin is a Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchanger, expressed in the apical regions of some intercalated cell subtypes, and is critical in the pressor response to angiotensin II. Since angiotensin type 1 receptor inhibitors reduce renal pendrin protein abundance in mice in vivo through a mechanism that is dependent on nitric oxide (NO), we asked if NO modulates renal pendrin expression in vitro and explored the mechanism by which it occurs. Thus we quantified pendrin protein abundance by confocal fluorescent microscopy in cultured mouse cortical collecting ducts (CCDs) and connecting tubules (CNTs)...
September 15, 2012: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"