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Junwei Huang, Dusik Kim, Jiajie Shan, Asmahan Abu-Arish, Yishan Luo, John W Hanrahan
Bicarbonate plays an important role in airway host defense, however, its transport mechanisms remain uncertain. Here we examined the relative contributions of the anion channel CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, ABCC7) and the anion exchanger pendrin (SLC26A4) to HCO3 - secretion by the human airway cell line Calu-3. Pendrin and CFTR were both detected in parental Calu-3 cells, although mRNA and protein expression appeared higher for CFTR than for pendrin. Targeting pendrin transcripts with lentiviral shRNA reduced pendrin detection by immunofluorescence staining but did not alter the rates of HCO3 - or fluid secretion, HCO3 - transport under pH-stat conditions, or net HCO3 - flux across basolaterally permeabilized monolayers...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Mujan Varasteh Kia, Sharon Barone, Alicia A McDonough, Kamyar Zahedi, Jie Xu, Manoocher Soleimani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are prone to the development of metabolic alkalosis; however, the pathogenesis of this life threatening derangement remains unknown. We hypothesized that altered acid base transport machinery in the kidney collecting duct underlies the mechanism of impaired bicarbonate elimination in the CF kidney. METHODS: Balance studies in metabolic cages were performed in WT and CFTR knockout (CF) mice with the intestinal rescue in response to bicarbonate loading or salt restriction, and the expression levels and cellular distribution of acid base and electrolyte transporters in the proximal tubule, collecting duct and small intestine were examined by western blots, northern blots and/or immunofluorescence labeling...
February 21, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Antonio De la Vieja, Pilar Santisteban
Iodide (I- ) metabolism is crucial for the synthesis of thyroid hormones (THs) in the thyroid and the subsequent action of these hormones in the organism. I- is principally transported by the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and by the anion exchanger PENDRIN, and recent studies have demonstrated the direct participation of new transporters including anoctamin 1 (ANO1), cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and sodium multivitamin transporter (SMVT). Several of these transporters have been found expressed in various tissues, implicating them in I- recycling...
April 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Yoskaly Lazo-Fernandez, Paul A Welling, Susan M Wall
Alpha-ketoglutarate (αKG) is a citric acid cycle intermediate and a glutamine catabolism product. It is also the natural ligand of OXGR1, a Gq-protein coupled receptor expressed on the apical membrane of intercalated cells. In the CCD, Cl- /HCO3 - exchange increases upon αKG binding to the OXGR1. To determine the signaling pathway(s) by which αKG stimulates Cl- absorption, we examined αKG-stimulated Cl- absorption in isolated perfused mouse CCDs. αKG increased electroneutral Cl- absorption in CCDs from wild type mice, but had no effect on Cl- absorption in pendrin KO mice...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Sebastian Roesch, Emanuele Bernardinelli, Charity Nofziger, Miklós Tóth, Wolfgang Patsch, Gerd Rasp, Markus Paulmichl, Silvia Dossena
The prevalence and spectrum of sequence alterations in the SLC26A4 gene, which codes for the anion exchanger pendrin, are population-specific and account for at least 50% of cases of non-syndromic hearing loss associated with an enlarged vestibular aqueduct. A cohort of nineteen patients from Austria with hearing loss and a radiological alteration of the vestibular aqueduct underwent Sanger sequencing of SLC26A4 and GJB2, coding for connexin 26. The pathogenicity of sequence alterations detected was assessed by determining ion transport and molecular features of the corresponding SLC26A4 protein variants...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Susan M Wall
Type B and non-A, non-B intercalated cells are found within the connecting tubule and the cortical collecting duct. Of these cell types, type B intercalated cells are known to mediate Cl- absorption and HCO3 - secretion largely through pendrin-dependent Cl- /HCO3 - exchange. This exchange is stimulated by angiotensin II administration and is also stimulated in models of metabolic alkalosis, for instance after aldosterone or NaHCO3 administration. In some rodent models, pendrin-mediated HCO3 - secretion modulates acid-base balance...
December 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
Rania Nasrallah, Joseph Zimpelmann, David Eckert, Jamie Ghossein, Sean Geddes, Jean-Claude Beique, Jean-Francois Thibodeau, Chris R J Kennedy, Kevin D Burns, Richard L Hébert
PGE2 regulates glomerular hemodynamics, renin secretion, and tubular transport. This study examined the contribution of PGE2 EP1 receptors to sodium and water homeostasis. Male EP1-/- mice were bred with hypertensive TTRhRen mice (Htn) to evaluate blood pressure and kidney function at 8 weeks of age in four groups: wildtype (WT), EP1-/-, Htn, HtnEP1-/-. Blood pressure and water balance were unaffected by EP1 deletion. COX1 and mPGE2 synthase were increased and COX2 was decreased in mice lacking EP1, with increases in EP3 and reductions in EP2 and EP4 mRNA throughout the nephron...
December 18, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
Marianna Ranieri, Kamyar Zahedi, Grazia Tamma, Mariangela Centrone, Annarita Di Mise, Manoocher Soleimani, Giovanna Valenti
High concentrations of urinary calcium counteract vasopressin action via the activation of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) that is expressed in the luminal membrane of collecting duct cells, which impairs the trafficking of aquaporin-2 (AQP2). Pendrin/NaCl cotransporter double-knockout (dKO) mice display significant calcium wasting and develop severe volume depletion, despite increased circulating vasopressin levels. We hypothesized that the CaSR-mediated impairment of AQP2 expression/trafficking underlies vasopressin resistance in dKO mice...
January 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Mahmood Y Bilal, Svetlana Dambaeva, Joanne Kwak-Kim, Alice Gilman-Sachs, Kenneth D Beaman
Iodine is an essential element required for the function of all organ systems. Although the importance of iodine in thyroid hormone synthesis and reproduction is well known, its direct effects on the immune system are elusive. Human leukocytes expressed mRNA of iodide transporters (NIS and PENDRIN) and thyroid-related proteins [thyroglobulin (TG) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO)]. The mRNA levels of PENDRIN and TPO were increased whereas TG transcripts were decreased post leukocyte activation. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that both PENDRIN and NIS were expressed on the surface of leukocyte subsets with the highest expression occurring on monocytes and granulocytes...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Ivan Cuoghi, Clara Lazzaretti, Mauro Mandrioli, Lucrezia Mola, Aurora Pederzoli
The aim of present work is to analyse the distribution of carbonic anhydrase II (CAII), cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR), vacuolar-type H+ -ATPase (V-H+ -ATPase), Na+ /K+ ATPase, Na+ /H+ exchanger (NHE) and SLC26A6 (solute carrier family 26, member 6), also known as pendrin protein, in the lancelet Branchiostoma floridae in order to go in depth in the evolution of osmoregulation and pH regulation in Chordates. In view of their phylogenetic position, lancelets may indeed provide a critical point of reference for studies on osmoregulation evolution in Chordates...
January 2018: Acta Histochemica
Lihe Chen, Jae Wook Lee, Chung-Lin Chou, Anil V Nair, Maria A Battistone, Teodor G Păunescu, Maria Merkulova, Sylvie Breton, Jill W Verlander, Susan M Wall, Dennis Brown, Maurice B Burg, Mark A Knepper
Prior RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) studies have identified complete transcriptomes for most renal epithelial cell types. The exceptions are the cell types that make up the renal collecting duct, namely intercalated cells (ICs) and principal cells (PCs), which account for only a small fraction of the kidney mass, but play critical physiological roles in the regulation of blood pressure, extracellular fluid volume, and extracellular fluid composition. To enrich these cell types, we used FACS that employed well-established lectin cell surface markers for PCs and type B ICs, as well as a newly identified cell surface marker for type A ICs, c-Kit...
November 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Daigoro Hirohama, Nobuhiro Ayuzawa, Kohei Ueda, Mitsuhiro Nishimoto, Wakako Kawarazaki, Atsushi Watanabe, Tatsuo Shimosawa, Takeshi Marumo, Shigeru Shibata, Toshiro Fujita
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system has an important role in the control of fluid homeostasis and BP during volume depletion. Dietary salt restriction elevates circulating angiotensin II (AngII) and aldosterone levels, increasing levels of the Cl-/HCO3- exchanger pendrin in β-intercalated cells and the Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC) in distal convoluted tubules. However, the independent roles of AngII and aldosterone in regulating these levels remain unclear. In C57BL/6J mice receiving a low-salt diet or AngII infusion, we evaluated the membrane protein abundance of pendrin and NCC; assessed the phosphorylation of the mineralocorticoid receptor, which selectively inhibits aldosterone binding in intercalated cells; and measured BP by radiotelemetry in pendrin-knockout and wild-type mice...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Alok K Sharma, Tobias Krieger, Alan C Rigby, Israel Zelikovic, Seth L Alper
Mutations in the human SLC26A4/Pendrin polypeptide (hPDS) cause Pendred Syndrome /DFNB4, syndromic deafness with enlargement of the vestibular aqueduct and low-penetrance goiter. Here we present data on cloning, protein overexpression and purification, refolding, and biophysical characterization of the recombinant hPDS STAS domain lacking its intrinsic variable sequence (STAS-ΔIVS). We report a reproducible protein refolding protocol enabling milligram scale expression and purification of uniformly (15)N- and (13)C(/15)N-enriched hPDS STAS-ΔIVS domain suitable for structural characterization by solution NMR...
December 2016: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Ali T Anuk, Semir Kose, Canan Fırat, Erdener Ozer, Sabahattin Altunyurt
INTRODUCTION: To assess the pendrin expression density in placental bed biopsies from preeclampsia cases in comparison with healthy term controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective case-control study with 106 placental bed biopsies obtained during cesarean deliveries. Pendrin expression was evaluated by immunohistochemical staining in different hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. RESULTS: Pendrin immunostaining frequency was higher in the hypertensive disorders group (p: 0...
October 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Ganesh Pathare, Nasser Dhayat, Nilufar Mohebbi, Carsten A Wagner, Lydie Cheval, Thomas J Neuhaus, Daniel G Fuster
It is well known that pendrin, an apical Cl(-)/HCO3(-)exchanger in type B intercalated cells, is modulated by chronic acid-base disturbances and electrolyte intake. To study this adaptation further at the acute level, we analyzed urinary exosomes from individuals subjected to oral acute acid, alkali, and NaCl loading. Acute oral NH4Cl loading (n = 8) elicited systemic acidemia with a drop in urinary pH and an increase in urinary NH4 excretion. Nadir urinary pH was achieved 5 h after NH4Cl loading. Exosomal pendrin abundance was dramatically decreased at 3 h after acid loading...
August 12, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Paul R Grimm, Paul A Welling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the recent discoveries about a powerful electroneutral NaCl reabsorption mechanism in intercalated cells, and its regulation by an intrarenal metabolite paracrine, α-ketoglutartate, and the G-protein coupled receptor, Oxgr1. RECENT FINDINGS: The distal nephron fine-tunes sodium, chloride, potassium, hydrogen, bicarbonate and water transport to maintain electrolyte homeostasis and blood pressure. Intercalated cells have been traditionally viewed as the professional regulators of acid-base balance, but recent studies reveal that a specific population of intercalated cells, identified by the pendrin-transporter, have a surprising role in the regulation of salt balance...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Saeed Alshahrani, Manoocher Soleimani
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Cl-/HCO3- exchanger pendrin and the thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter NCC are expressed in the kidney distal nephron and mediate salt absorption. We hypothesized that deletion of pendrin leaves NCC as the major salt absorbing transporter in the distal nephron and therefore enhances salt excretion by hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). METHODS: Metabolic cage studies were performed in wild type, pendrin KO and NCC KO mice at baseline and following HCTZ treatment...
2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Saeed Alshahrani, Robert M Rapoport, Kamyar Zahedi, Min Jiang, Michelle Nieman, Sharon Barone, Andrea L Meredith, John N Lorenz, Jack Rubinstein, Manoocher Soleimani
Thiazide derivatives including Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) represent the most common treatment of mild to moderate hypertension. Thiazides initially enhance diuresis via inhibition of the kidney Na+-Cl- Cotransporter (NCC). However, chronic volume depletion and diuresis are minimal while lowered blood pressure (BP) is maintained on thiazides. Thus, a vasodilator action of thiazides is proposed, likely via Ca2+-activated K+ (BK) channels in vascular smooth muscles. This study ascertains the role of volume depletion induced by salt restriction or salt wasting in NCC KO mice on the non-diuretic hypotensive action of HCTZ...
2017: PloS One
Sourav Mukherjee, Manalee Guha, Bidisha Adhikary, Biswabandhu Bankura, Pubali Mitra, Subhankar Chowdhury, Madhusudan Das
Current study was aimed to screen the SLC26A4 gene in 127 nonautoimmune and noncongenital hypothyroid patients, who were under optimal iodine nutrition and devoid of any characteristics of Pendred syndrome from eastern part of Indian population. 8 single nucleotide variants/mutations were identified in heterozygous state in 20% patient population, which include 1 novel nonsynonymous (p.C18S), 1 novel intronic (g.942C>A), 3 known nonsynonymous (p.S23X, p.V239D, and p.I455F), and 3 known intronic (g.23034G>T, g...
September 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Jean-Louis Wémeau, Peter Kopp
Pendred syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder that is classically defined by the combination of sensorineural deafness/hearing impairment, goiter, and an abnormal organification of iodide with or without hypothyroidism. The hallmark of the syndrome is the impaired hearing, which is associated with inner ear malformations such as an enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA). The thyroid phenotype is variable and may be modified by the nutritional iodine intake. Pendred syndrome is caused by biallelic mutations in the SLC26A4/PDS gene, which encodes the multifunctional anion exchanger pendrin...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
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