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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342183/identification-of-volatiles-released-by-diapausing-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#1
Laura J Nixon, William R Morrison, Kevin B Rice, Eckehard G Brockerhoff, Tracy C Leskey, Filadelfo Guzman, Ashot Khrimian, Stephen Goldson, Michael Rostás
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, is an agricultural and urban pest that has become widely established as an invasive species of major concern in the USA and across Europe. This species forms large aggregations when entering diapause, and it is often these aggregations that are found by officials conducting inspections of internationally shipped freight. Identifying the presence of diapausing aggregations of H. halys using their emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may be a potential means for detecting and intercepting them during international freight inspections...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339086/the-il-6-stat3-pathway-regulates-adhesion-molecules-and-cytoskeleton-of-endothelial-cells-in-thromboangiitis-obliterans
#2
Zheng Wei, Wenjing Jiang, Hengzhen Wang, Hali Li, Bo Tang, Bing Liu, Hongchi Jiang, Xueying Sun
Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) (also known as Buerger's disease) is an inflammatory vascular disease that predominantly affects small- and medium-sized blood vessels of extremities. Endothelial cells play critical roles in the initiation and progression of this disease, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that patients with TAO had significantly higher levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) in their plasmas, and the involved arterial tissues expressed higher levels of phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3), ICAM-1 and VCAM-1...
January 12, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332858/the-effect-of-thiamine-and-its-metabolites-on-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-induced-by-cisplatin-in-rats
#3
Didem Onk, Renad Mammadov, Bahadir Suleyman, Ferda Keskin Cimen, Murat Cankaya, Vahdet Gul, Durdu Altuner, Onur Senol, Yucel Kadioglu, Ismail Malkoc, Halis Suleyman
Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) is the active metabolite of thiamine. This study aimed to investigate the effects of thiamine and TPP on cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP). Male albino Wistar type Rattus norvegicus were divided into six groups (n=6) that received 2 mg/kg cisplatin (CIS), 25 mg/kg thiamine (TM), 2 mg/kg cisplatin+25 mg/kg thiamine (CTM), 25 mg/kg TPP (TPP), 2 mg/kg cisplatin+25 mg/kg TPP (CTPP), or distilled water (healthy group; HG) for 8 days intraperitoneally. Analgesic effect was measured with a Basile Algesimeter...
January 12, 2018: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321894/development-of-a-genotype-by-sequencing-immunogenetic-assay-as-exemplified-by-screening-for-variation-in-red-fox-with-and-without-endemic-rabies-exposure
#4
Michael E Donaldson, Yessica Rico, Karsten Hueffer, Halie M Rando, Anna V Kukekova, Christopher J Kyle
Pathogens are recognized as major drivers of local adaptation in wildlife systems. By determining which gene variants are favored in local interactions among populations with and without disease, spatially explicit adaptive responses to pathogens can be elucidated. Much of our current understanding of host responses to disease comes from a small number of genes associated with an immune response. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) technologies, such as genotype-by-sequencing (GBS), facilitate expanded explorations of genomic variation among populations...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303106/recommendation-for-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#5
Sabahattin Kaymakoğlu, İftihar Köksal, Fehmi Tabak, Ulus S Akarca, Ayhan Akbulut, Filiz Akyüz, Hürrem Bodur, Atahan Çağatay, Dinç Dinçer, Şaban Esen, Rahmet Güner, Selim Gürel, Şükran Köse, Ömer Şentürk, Halis Şimşek, Tansu Yamazhan, Yusuf Yılmaz, Ramazan Idilman, Viral Hepatitis Guidelines Study Group
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248504/rapid-emergence-of-colistin-resistance-and-its-impact-on-mortality-in-healthcare-associated-infections
#6
Mehtap Aydin, Önder Ergönül, Alpay Azap, Hüseyin Bilgin, Güle Aydın, Sema Alp Çavuş, Yusuf Ziya Demiroğlu, Hikmet Eda Çalışkan, Osman Memikoğlu, Şirin Menekşe, Şafak Kaya, Nazlım Aktuğ Demir, İlkay Karaoğlan, Seniha Başaran, Çiğdem Hatipoğlu, Şebnem Erdinç, Emel Yılmaz, Ayhanım Tümtürk, Yasemin Tezer, Hamiyet Demirkaya, Şule Eren Çakar, Şiran Keske, SudaTekin, Cem Yardımcı, Çağla Karakoç, Pınar Ergen, Özlem Azap, Lütfiye Mülazımoğlu, Onur Ural, Füsun Can, Halis Akalın
We describe the emergence of resistance and predictors of fatality for 1556 cases of healthcare-associated Gram-negative bloodstream infections in 2014 and 2015. The colistin resistance rate in Klebsiella pneumoniae was 16.1%, compared with 6% in 2013. 660 (42.4%) cases were fatal. The highest fatality rate was among patients with Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia (58%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (45%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (41%), Enterobacter cloacae (32%), and Escherichia coli (28%). In multivariate analysis, MIC for carbapenem (OR:1...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239813/experimental-assessment-of-the-advanced-collapsed-cone-engine-for-scalp-brachytherapy-treatments
#7
Brie Cawston-Grant, Hali Morrison, Ron S Sloboda, Geetha Menon
PURPOSE: To experimentally assess the performance of the Advanced Collapsed-cone Engine (ACE) for 192Ir high-dose-rate brachytherapy treatment planning of nonmelanoma skin cancers of the scalp. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A layered slab phantom was designed to model the head (skin, skull, and brain) and surface treatment mold using tissue equivalent materials. Six variations of the phantom were created by varying skin thickness, skull thickness, and size of air gap between the mold and skin...
November 24, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220502/identification-of-soybean-host-plant-resistance-to-brown-marmorated-stink-bugs-in-maturity-group-iii-plant-introductions
#8
Jonathan M La Mantia, M A Rouf Mian, Margaret G Redinbaugh
Halyomorpha halys (Stål; Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), is a polyphagous nonnative insect first found in the United States in 1996. As of 2017, BMSB has been detected in 43 states and is a severe agricultural pest in mid-Atlantic states. On soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr (Fabales: Fabaceae), damage from BMSB infestation ranges from puncture marks with seed discoloration and deformities to seed and pod abortion. Host plant resistance has been used for managing pest populations and mitigating soybean yield losses caused by neotropical stink bugs (Eushistus heros, Nezara viridula, and Piezodorus guildinii) in Brazil and on the U...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208930/attraction-of-halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae-haplotypes-in-north-america-and-europe-to-baited-traps
#9
William R Morrison, Panos Milonas, Despoina Evr Kapantaidaki, Michele Cesari, Emanuele Di Bella, Roberto Guidetti, Tim Haye, Lara Maistrello, Silvia T Moraglio, Lucia Piemontese, Alberto Pozzebon, Giulia Ruocco, Brent D Short, Luciana Tavella, Gábor Vétek, Tracy C Leskey
Halyomorpha halys is a global invasive species, native to Southeast Asia, that is threatening agriculture in invaded regions. Our objectives were to: 1) establish the attractiveness of semiochemical stimuli paired with field-deployed traps in Europe (Greece, Hungary, Italy, and Switzerland), compared with Maryland, USA, and 2) identify H. halys haplotypes recovered from traps at each location. We found qualitatively identical patterns of capture between sites located across Europe and in Maryland, USA. In both regions, captures of H...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207378/characteristics-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-aggressiveness-factors-in-turkish-patients
#10
Hikmet Akkiz, Brian I Carr, Kendal Yalçın K, Vito Guerra, Sedef Kuran, Engin Altıntaş, Oğuz Üsküdar, Ümit Karaoğullarından, Ayşegül Özakyol, Salih Tokmak, Mehmet Yücesoy, Halil İbrahim Bahçeci, Abdulalh Ülkü, Tolga Akçam, Kamil Yalçın Polat, Nazım Ekinci, Halis Şimşek, Necati Örmeci, Abdulalh Sonsuz, Mehmet Demir, Murat Kılıç, Ahmet Uygun, Tuğsan Ballı, Ali Demir, Burcu Arslan, Figen Doran
A large cohort of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients from several collaborating Turkish institutions were examined for the tumor parameters of maximum diameter (MTD), portal vein thrombosis (PVT), and α-fetoprotein (AFP) levels. A relationship was found between MTD and blood platelet levels. Patients with large ≥5 cm tumors who had normal platelet levels had significantly larger tumors, higher percent of PVT, and significantly lower blood total bilirubin and liver cirrhosis than similar ≥5 cm tumor patients having thrombocytopenia...
December 6, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201798/adrenal-insufficiency-in-cirrhosis-patients-evaluation-of-108-case-series
#11
Hali Rakici
Aim: Adrenal insufficiency (AI) in cirrhosis is an issue that has recently gained momentum. It can be seen in both stable and critically ill (sepsis, septic shock, and gastrointestinal system bleeding) cirrhotic patients. Its prevalence exists in a wide range since standardization of diagnostic methods is lacking. We aimed to scrutinize this issue in a 108 case series. Materials and methods: We studied the presence of AI and its stage in patients with cirrhosis and its complications by using cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188130/first-wave-of-the-2016-17-cholera-outbreak-in-hodeidah-city-yemen-acf-experience-and-lessons-learned
#12
Mathias Altmann, Miguel Suarez-Bustamante, Celine Soulier, Celine Lesavre, Caroline Antoine
Introduction: Although cases were reported only in 2010 and 2011, cholera is probably endemic in Yemen. In the context of a civil war, a cholera outbreak was declared in different parts of the country October 6th, 2016. This paper describes the ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city from October 28th, 2016 to February 28th, 2017 in order to add knowledge to this large outbreak. Methods: The ACF outbreak response in Hodeidah city included a case management component and prevention measures in the community...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183157/severe-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-after-switching-to-insulin-degludec
#13
Halis Kaan Akturk, Viral N Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162161/international-szent-gy%C3%A3-rgyi-prize-for-progress-in-cancer-research-basic-and-translational-research-recognition-mary-claire-king-received-the-2016-prize-for-her-pioneering-research-that-demonstrated-the-first-evidence-of-genetic-predisposition-to-breast-cancer
#14
EDITORIAL
Hali Hartmann, Jie Zhao, Sujuan Ba
The Szent-Györgyi Prize for Progress in Cancer Research is a prestigious scientific award sponsored by the National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR)-a leading cancer research charitable organization in the United States that supports innovative cancer research globally with the ultimate goal to cure cancer. The coveted Szent-Györgyi Prize annually honors a scientist whose seminal discovery or body of work has resulted in, or led toward, notable contributions to cancer prevention, diagnosis, or treatment; and the discovery has had a high direct impact of saving people's lives...
November 21, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143026/tunable-synthetic-control-of-soft-polymeric-nanoparticle-morphology
#15
Halie J Martin, B Tyler White, Christopher J Scanlon, Tomonori Saito, Mark D Dadmun
With a growing variety of nanoparticles available, research probing the influence of particle deformability, morphology, and topology on the behavior of all polymer nanocomposites is also increasing. In particular, the behavior of soft polymeric nanoparticles in polymer nanocomposites has displayed unique behavior, but their precise performance depends intimately on the internal structure and morphology of the nanoparticle. With the goal of providing guidelines to control the structure and morphology of soft polymeric nanoparticles, we have examined monomer starved semi-batch nano-emulsion polymerizations that form organic, soft nanoparticles, to correlate the precise structure of the nanoparticle to the rate of monomer addition and crosslinking density...
November 16, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133310/convergent-origination-of-a-drosophila-like-dosage-compensation-mechanism-in-a-reptile-lineage
#16
Ray Marin, Diego Cortez, Francesco Lamanna, Madapura M Pradeepa, Evgeny Leushkin, Philippe Julien, Angélica Liechti, Jean Halbert, Thoomke Brüning, Katharina Mössinger, Timo Trefzer, Christian Conrad, Halie N Kerver, Juli Wade, Patrick Tschopp, Henrik Kaessmann
Sex chromosomes differentiated from different ancestral autosomes in various vertebrate lineages. Here, we trace the functional evolution of the XY Chromosomes of the green anole lizard (Anolis carolinensis), on the basis of extensive high-throughput genome, transcriptome and histone modification sequencing data and revisit dosage compensation evolution in representative mammals and birds with substantial new expression data. Our analyses show that Anolis sex chromosomes represent an ancient XY system that originated at least ≈160 million years ago in the ancestor of Iguania lizards, shortly after the separation from the snake lineage...
November 13, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126346/paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-plus-dasabuvir-therapy-related-severe-anemia
#17
Hayretdin Koklu, Tuğrul Pürnak, Nomingerel Tseveldorj, Ege Altan, Halis Şimşek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117381/assessment-of-feeding-acceptance-and-injury-of-kerman-pistachios-pistacia-vera-by-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#18
Jesús R Lara, Matthew T Kamiyama, Gabriel Hernandez, Justin Nay, Mark S Hoddle, Yulin Gao
In the United States, California (CA) is the primary commercial producer of pistachio nuts, Pistacia vera L. (Anacardiaceae). The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), an invasive and polyphagous insect pest from Asia, has established in urban areas in several pistachio-growing counties in CA. Breeding BMSB populations have not been detected in commercial pistachio acreage. However, the detection of BMSB in Kern and Fresno counties, major Kerman pistachio producing areas in CA, underscored key knowledge gaps on BMSB ecology in CA and motivated investigations on the susceptibility of pistachio nuts to BMSB feeding...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103170/alcohol-consumption-diabetes-risk-and-cardiovascular-disease-within-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Sarit Polsky, Halis K Akturk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the study is to examine and summarize studies reporting on the epidemiology, the risk of developing diabetes, and the cardiovascular effects on individuals with diabetes of different levels of alcohol consumption. RECENT FINDINGS: Men consume more alcohol than women in populations with and without diabetes. Light-to-moderate alcohol consumption decreases the incidence of diabetes in the majority of the studies, whereas heavy drinkers and binge drinkers are at increased risk for diabetes...
November 4, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082894/a-study-of-the-relationship-between-cystatin-c-and-metabolic-bone-disease-in-preterm-infants
#20
Sabriye Korkut, Şeyma Memur, Hülya Halis, Osman Bastuğ, Levent Korkmaz, Ahmet Özdemir, Tamer Güneş, Mehmet Adnan Öztürk, Selim Kurtoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Cystatin C (CysC) is commonly used as a marker of renal failure. The aim of this study was to investigate serum CysC levels in osteopenia of prematurity (OP) and determine whether CysC could be safely used as a marker of renal insufficiency in infants with OP. METHODS: The study included 50 preterm infants (≤ 32 gestational weeks). Calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) serum levels were measured in postnatal week 9, and bone density was measured concurrently by quantitative ultrasonography...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
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