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Mary L Cornelius, Christine Dieckhoff, Bryan T Vinyard, Kim A Hoelmer
We conducted a survey to examine parasitism, predation, and the species composition of native parasitoids attacking sentinel egg masses of the invasive pest, the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), in bell pepper, squash, and tomato. A 2-yr survey was conducted for each crop. The species composition of parasitoids was determined for parasitoids that successfully emerged from eggs, parasitoids that were identified from dissections, and parasitoids that were found attending egg masses at the time of collection...
October 15, 2016: Environmental Entomology
B L Aigner, D A Herbert, G P Dively, D Venugopal, J Whalen, B Cissel, T P Kuhar, C C Brewster, J W Hogue, E Seymore
Sampling soybean fields for the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys Stål (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), can be challenging. Both adults and nymphs have a "startle response" and drop to the ground with even the slightest disturbance. This behavior could reduce the effectiveness of the traditional sweep net and ground cloth sampling methods. In 2013 and 2014, in Virginia, Delaware, and Maryland, we evaluated a visual plant inspection method that consisted of counting the number of brown marmorated stink bug nymphs and adults seen on soybean plants in a 2-min inspection period while walking carefully between two rows...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
Ibrahim Nuvit Tahtali, Fikret Halis, Turan Yildiz, Ahmet Gokce, Zekeriya Ilçe, Mevlana Derya Balabay
PURPOSE: This study aimed to show the applicability of Polypropylene mesh (PM) grafting in blunt testicular ruptures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 16 patients treated for testicular rupture following blunt scrotal trauma between March 2007 and April 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. Eight primary repairs and eight PM graftings were performed to repair the tunica albuginea (TA). Postoperatively, patients underwent Doppler ultrasonography at 3 weeks and then at 3, 6, and 12 months, followed by annual scans...
October 10, 2016: Urology Journal
Halis Kaan Akturk, Todd B Nippoldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Ferah Budak, Salih Haldun Bal, Gulcin Tezcan, Halis Akalın, Guher Goral, Haluk Barbaros Oral
Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that is still endemic in developing countries. Despite early diagnosis and treatment of patients, chronic infections are seen in 10-30% of patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the immunological factors that play roles in the transition of brucellosis from acute infection into chronic infection. Here, more than 2000 miRNAs were screened in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with acute or chronic brucellosis and healthy controls by using miRNA array, and the results of the miRNA array were validated through qRT-PCR...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Tolga Binbay, Deniz Arık Binbay, Halis Ulaş, Köksal Alptekin
OBJECTIVE: To provide registry-based prevalence estimates of schizophrenia, schizoaffective, and bipolar I (BPI) disorders in a defined area of Sinop, Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients that presented to primary and secondary health services over three year time (2009-2011) with diagnosis of psychotic disorder (F06.1, F06.2, F10.5, F12.5, F19.5, F20-29, F30-31, F32.3, F33.3, F39 in ICD-10) covering a population of 73,503 aged 15-64 were included via case registry systems...
2016: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Huiqiong Xie, Miao Huang, Qiping Hu, Kejian Sun, Huayu Wu, Wei Shu, Xiaolong Li, Ling Fang
In previous work, a snake venom arginine esterase (SVAE), agkihpin from the venom of Gloydius halys Pallas, was isolated and its biochemical data including Mr, PI, amino acid components and sugar content was collected. Here, the agkihpin was cloned and further characterized and we found that agkihpin could promote ADP-induced platelets aggregation, hydrolyze fibrin, cleave Aα and Bβ chains of fibrinogen and reduce the thrombosis induced by thrombin. Moreover, agkihpin hydrolyzed TAME with optimum temperatures at 30 °C-45 °C, and the hydrolysis was inhibited by EDTA, PMSF, DTT and promoted by Ca(2+), Fe(3+), Mg(2+), Zn(2+)...
September 22, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Halie M Anderson, Robert A Wood, William W Busse
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common illness in children and can impair their quality of life. Furthermore, many children remain symptomatic despite maximizing systemic antihistamine and topical therapies. It is at this clinical juncture that immunotherapy may be considered. The efficacy and safety associated with both subcutaneous (SCIT) and sublingual (SLIT) approaches are reviewed and positioned as treatment options for pediatric patients, with specific focus on current literature as it relates to SLIT in children, including those with perennial allergic rhinitis...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
J Lennert Veerman, Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Lucy Gunn, Gavin R McCormack, Linda J Cobiac, Ana Maria Mantilla Herrera, Billie Giles-Corti, Alan Shiell
BACKGROUND: Studies consistently find that supportive neighbourhood built environments increase physical activity by encouraging walking and cycling. However, evidence on the cost-effectiveness of investing in built environment interventions as a means of promoting physical activity is lacking. In this study, we assess the cost-effectiveness of increasing sidewalk availability as one means of encouraging walking. METHODS: Using data from the RESIDE study in Perth, Australia, we modelled the cost impact and change in health-adjusted life years (HALYs) of installing additional sidewalks in established neighbourhoods...
2016: BMJ Open
Miao Huang, Shengming Wu, Qiping Hu, Huayu Wu, Shu Wei, Huiqiong Xie, Kejian Sun, Xiaolong Li, Ling Fang
In our previous work, agkihpin, a snake venom arginine esterase (SVAE), was isolated from the Gloydius halys Pallas, which could attenuate the migration of liver cancer cells. However, the mechanism of the effect of agkihpin on attenuating migration of liver cancer cell is unknown yet. Here, to learn more about agkihpin and explore the possibility of agkihpin as an anti-metastatic drug in the future, a series of experiments about the migration and invasion of liver cancer cells with agkihpin, HepG 2 and SMMC-7721, was conducted...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Wassila Boumlil, Fouzia Hali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Roberta Tognon, Josué Sant'Ana, Qing-He Zhang, Jocelyn G Millar, Jeffrey R Aldrich, Frank G Zalom
This study identified chemicals found on the eggs of two stink bug species, one native to western North America, Euschistus conspersus, and an invasive species from Asia, Halyomorpha halys. The responses of two scelionid egg parasitoids, Trissolcus erugatus and Telenomus podisi, toward natural stink bug egg volatiles, and synthetic reconstructions of egg volatiles, were tested in bioassays. A compound, methyl (2E,4Z)-2,4-decadienoate, previously identified as the major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of E...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Berna Yalınçetin, Halis Ulaş, Levent Var, Tolga Binbay, Berna Binnur Akdede, Köksal Alptekin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study is to examine the relation of formal thought disorder (FTD) with symptomatic remission (SR) and social functioning in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: The study was carried out with a sample consisting of 117 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV. The patients were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Thought and Language Index (TLI), and the Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP)...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Halie M Anderson, Robert F Lemanske, Michael D Evans, Ronald E Gangnon, Tressa Pappas, Kris Grindle, Yury A Bochkov, James E Gern, Daniel J Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Sung Min Kim, Kyung Tae Lim, Tae Hwan Kwak, Seung Chan Lee, Jung Hyun Im, Sai Hali, Seon In Hwang, Dajeong Kim, Jeongho Hwang, Kee-Pyo Kim, Hak-Jae Chung, Jeong Beom Kim, Kinarm Ko, Hyung-Min Chung, Hoon Taek Lee, Hans R Schöler, Dong Wook Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Stem Cell Research
Holly M Martinson, Erik J Bergmann, P Dilip Venugopal, Christopher B Riley, Paula M Shrewsbury, Michael J Raupp
With the introduction and establishment of exotic species, most ecosystems now contain both native and exotic plants and herbivores. Recent research identifies several factors that govern how specialist herbivores switch host plants upon introduction. Predicting the feeding ecology and impacts of introduced generalist species, however, remains difficult. Here, we examine how plant geographic origin, an indicator of shared co-evolutionary history, influences patterns of host use by a generalist, invasive herbivore, while accounting for variation in plant availability...
2016: Scientific Reports
Haldun Kar, Sebnem Karasu, Halis Bag, Necat Cin, Evren Durak, Yasin Peker, Fatma Atalay Tatar
Cases in which congenital anomalies of the colon and colon tumors are observed together are very rare. The aim of this article is to present a splenic flexure tumor case, which possessed the anomaly of the descending colon in the right extraperitoneal space and the sigmoid colon located in the right quadrant. Similar findings have previously been reported in two cases in cadaveric studies.
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ahmet Ayer, Berna Yalınçetin, Esra Aydınlı, Şilay Sevilmiş, Halis Ulaş, Tolga Binbay, Berna Binnur Akdede, Köksal Alptekin
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is one of the fundamental symptom clusters of schizophrenia and it was found to be the strongest predictor determining conversion from first-episode acute transient psychotic disorder to schizophrenia. Our goal in the present study was to compare a first-episode psychosis (FEP) sample to a healthy control group in relation to subtypes of FTD. Fifty six patients aged between 15 and 45years with FEP and forty five control subjects were included in the study. All the patients were under medication for less than six weeks or drug-naive...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Yucheng Zhou, M Monica Giusti, Joyce Parker, Jordano Salamanca, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is an invasive pest from Asia that feeds on many agricultural crops in the United States, including blueberries. Yet, the effects of H. halys feeding on fruit chemistry and induced resistance to insects remain unknown. Here we hypothesized that frugivory by H. halys changes fruit chemical composition, which in turn affects insect feeding behavior. In field experiments, blueberry fruit was either mechanically injured or injured by 0 (control), 2, 5, or 10 H...
October 2016: Environmental Entomology
Fatima Zahra Nasreddine, Fouzia Hali, Soumiya Chiheb
Pilomatricoma is a common and benign skin tumor of childhood arising from the hair follicle matrix. It is an often misunderstood adnexal tumor, confused with other skin lesions. The most common sites of pilomatricome are the head and the neck. The aim of this study was to report a series of 22 cases with unusual forms collected in the dermatology department from January 2006 to May 2015. The study included 16 women and 6 men. The average age was 23.3 years (4- 80 years). Cervicofacial location was observed in 12 cases, 2 patients had multiple locations, a 4 year-old boy had frontotemporal location, a 14 year-old girl had face and forearm location and a 48 year-old patient had subungual location...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
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