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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334171/brown-marmorated-stink-bug-hemiptera-pentatomidae-infestations-in-tree-borders-and-subsequent-patterns-of-abundance-in-soybean-fields
#1
B L Aigner, T P Kuhar, D A Herbert, C C Brewster, J W Hogue, J D Aigner
The invasive brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), is an important pest of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) in the Mid-Atlantic United States. In order to assess the influence of nonmanaged wooded borders on H. halys infestation patterns in soybean, 12 soybean fields in Orange and Madison Counties, VA, were sampled each week from July to October in 2013 or 2014 for H. halys. At each location, five 2-min visual counts of H. halys life stages were made on tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima Mill...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334163/deltamethrin-incorporated-nets-as-an-integrated-pest-management-tool-for-the-invasive-halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#2
T P Kuhar, B D Short, G Krawczyk, T C Leskey
Long-lasting insecticide nets (LLINs), which have insecticide incorporated within the fibers, have been widely used for control of malaria and other insect-vectored diseases. Only recently have researchers begun exploring their use for control of agricultural pests. In this study, we evaluated the toxicity of a deltamethrin-incorporated LLIN, ZeroFly (Vestergaard-Frandsen, Washington, DC) for control of the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål). In the lab, exposure to the ZeroFly net for 10 s resulted in >90% mortality of H...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334122/a-laboratory-evaluation-of-chemigation-to-manage-stink-bugs-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#3
Xing Wei, Phillip M Roberts, Wesley M Porter, Calvin D Perry, Michael D Toews
Application of insecticides for stink bug management through overhead irrigation, also called chemigation, could reduce application costs, soil compaction, and applicator exposure, while enabling growers to treat multiple fields simultaneously. The objective of these laboratory experiments was to compare knockdown, survival, and efficacy of insecticides when appropriately diluted for ground sprayer and chemigation applications. Treatments included water, bifenthrin [0.11 kg (AI)/ha] and dicrotophos [0.56 kg (AI)/ha] diluted for a ground sprayer (93...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317325/experimental-verification-of-advanced-collapsed-cone-engine-for-use-with-a-multichannel-vaginal-cylinder-applicator
#4
Brie Cawston-Grant, Hali Morrison, Geetha Menon, Ron S Sloboda
Model-based dose calculation algorithms have recently been incorporated into brachytherapy treatment planning systems, and their introduction requires critical evaluation before clinical implementation. Here, we present an experimental evaluation of Oncentra(®) Brachy Advanced Collapsed-cone Engine (ACE) for a multichannel vaginal cylinder (MCVC) applicator using radiochromic film. A uniform dose of 500 cGy was specified to the surface of the MCVC using the TG-43 dose formalism under two conditions: (a) with only the central channel loaded or (b) only the peripheral channels loaded...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291292/-psychotic-experiences-in-the-adaptation-process-to-a-new-social-environment
#5
Tolga Binbay, Emre Mısır, Ebru Onrat Özsoydan, Mert Artuk, Simay Fidan, Arzu Karakiraz, Ezgi Önder, Arjin Öztürk, Merve Buse Sayın, Halis Ulaş, Berna Akdede, Köksal Alptekin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between psychotic experiences (PEs) and social stress and discrimination during adaptation to a new social context. METHOD: First-term university students (n: 164) were screened to determine if they had had any PEs, social adaptation-related stress, and/or perceived discrimination in the prior six months. The positive dimension of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) was used to define PEs. Social relations and discrimination in the students' new social contexts (both narrow (i...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285168/design-and-use-of-mouse-control-dna-for-dna-biomarker-extraction-and-pcr-detection-from-urine-application-for-transrenal-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-dna-detection
#6
Hali Bordelon, Keersten M Ricks, Megan E Pask, Patricia K Russ, Francesca Solinas, Mark L Baglia, Philip A Short, Andrew Nel, Jonathan Blackburn, Keertan Dheda, Carlos Zamudio, Tatiana Cáceres, David W Wright, Frederick R Haselton, April C Pettit
Urine samples are increasingly used for diagnosing infections including Escherichia coli, Ebola virus, and Zika virus. However, extraction and concentration of nucleic acid biomarkers from urine is necessary for many molecular detection strategies such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Since urine samples typically have large volumes with dilute biomarker concentrations making them prone to false negatives, another impediment for urine-based diagnostics is the establishment of appropriate controls particularly to rule out false negatives...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258948/distal-oblique-metatarsal-osteotomy-for-hallux-valgus-deformity-a-clinical-analysis
#7
Olcay Guler, Barıs Yilmaz, Serhat Mutlu, Mehmet Halis Cerci, Nurettin Heybeli
We compared the outcomes of the distal oblique metatarsal (DOM) osteotomy, which is parallel to the articulation surface of the proximal phalanx, with those of the Chevron osteotomy and evaluated whether displacement and shortening of the first metatarsal have any effect on the incidence of metatarsalgia and patient satisfaction. Patients treated with the DOM osteotomy (n = 30) or distal Chevron osteotomy (n = 31) were evaluated retrospectively. The Chevron and DOM osteotomies both provided significant improvement in the first intermetatarsal angle (p < ...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253395/rapidly-enlarging-thyroid-mass-in-a-patient-with-history-of-multiple-cancers
#8
Halis Kaan Akturk, Robert Smallridge, John Casler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236699/impact-of-operations-and-cleaning-on-membrane-fouling-at-a-wastewater-reclamation-facility
#9
Murthy Kasi, Halis Simsek, Steve Ahlschlager, Kent Ritterman, Jim Hausauer, Jeff Hoff, Eakalak Khan
Effects of operational changes on membrane fouling were evaluated for a wastewater reclamation facility. The focuses were on addition of a coagulant (ferric chloride) versus no addition and an accidental high chlorine (sodium hypochlorite) dose. Two membrane modules with different service ages, 3 years versus 9 months, were compared. Fouling rates ranged between 2 and 3 times higher during no ferric chloride addition. Chemical cleaning frequency was reduced by approximately 5 times during ferric chloride addition for older membranes, while it did not change for newer membranes...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220214/the-epidemiology-of-alcohol-use-in-izmir-turkey-drinking-pattern-impairment-and-help-seeking
#10
Halis Ulaş, Tolga Binbay, Umut Kırlı, Hayriye Elbi, Köksal Alptekin
PURPOSE: There is no report on various patterns of alcohol drinking and related impairment, help-seeking in Turkey. We investigated the 12-month prevalence and correlates of drinking patterns and alcohol use disorders in the general population of Izmir-Turkey, with further analyses on role impairment and help-seeking. METHOD: A multi-stage clustered area probability sample of adult household residents in the Izmir Metropolitan Area was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217655/correlation-between-body-mass-index-and-quadrupled-hamstring-tendon-autograft-size-in-acl-reconstruction
#11
Zafer Atbaşi, Ersin Erçin, Yusuf Erdem, Tuluhan Yunus Emre, Halis Atil Atilla, Adem Parlak
PURPOSE: the aim of this study was to assess the relationship of patient weight, height and body mass index (BMI) with the size of the quadrupled hamstring tendon used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: from patient records, we retrospectively assessed the weight, height, BMI and graft sizes of 126 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using a quadrupled hamstring tendon autograft between January 2010 and January 2013 at our institution...
October 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194694/thyroid-status-of-iodine-deficient-newborn-infants-living-in-central-region-of-turkey-a-pilot-study
#12
Osman Bastug, Levent Korkmaz, Hulya Halis, Seyma Memur, Sabriye Korkut, Ahmet Ozdemir, Tamer Gunes, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk, Selim Kurtoglu
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency (ID) during the fetal and neonatal periods can lead to neonatal hypothyroidism. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of ID on the thyroid hormone level of newborns living in Turkey. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2013, 71 newborns with a urinary iodine concentration <100 μg/L were recruited into the study. Data on thyroid volume, free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroglobulin (Tg) were collected from all newborns, and on breast milk iodine from their mothers...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182760/double-strand-rna-delivery-system-for-plant-sap-feeding-insects
#13
Saikat Kumar B Ghosh, Wayne B Hunter, Alexis L Park, Dawn E Gundersen-Rindal
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-mediated gene silencing, also known as RNA interference (RNAi), has been a breakthrough technology for functional genomic studies and represents a potential tool for the management of insect pests. Since the inception of RNAi numerous studies documented successful introduction of exogenously synthesized dsRNA or siRNA into an organism triggering highly efficient gene silencing through the degradation of endogenous RNA homologous to the presented siRNA. Managing hemipteran insect pests, especially Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), is critical to food productivity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181532/a-floral-fragrance-methyl-benzoate-is-an-efficient-green-pesticide
#14
Yan Feng, Aijun Zhang
Over-reliance on synthetic pesticides in insect pest control has caused widespread public and scientific concerns for human health and the environment, especially since many insect pests have already developed resistances to conventional pesticides and Bt products. For this reason, there is a considerable interest in development of alternative control methods for insect pest management. Based on laboratory studies, we report that methyl benzoate (MB), a naturally-occurring compound in many plants, may possess toxicity against various stages of a variety of insect pests, including the brown marmorated stinkbug, Halyomorpha halys, diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, and tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, as well as the spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164434/dual-inhibition-of-akt-and-c-met-as-a-second-line-therapy-following-acquired-resistance-to-sorafenib-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#15
Peng Han, Hali Li, Xian Jiang, Bo Zhai, Gang Tan, Dali Zhao, Haiquan Qiao, Bing Liu, Hongchi Jiang, Xueying Sun
Sorafenib displays a limited efficacy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Some patients with HCC initially respond to sorafenib, but eventually succumb to the disease, indicating that the acquired resistance to sorafenib reduces its beneficial effects. No alternative drugs are available after the failure of sorafenib therapy. Therefore, investigation of the mechanisms underlying the acquired resistance and development of second-line treatments for sorafenib-resistant HCC are urgently required. In this study, sorafenib-resistant HCC cells generated from sorafenib-sensitive human HCC cells were shown to overproduce hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and overexpress c-Met kinase and its phosphorylated form, leading to the activation of Akt and ERK (extracellular signaling-regulated kinase) pathways...
February 6, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124528/can-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predict-lamina-propria-invasion-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#16
Haci Ibrahim Cimen, Fikret Halis, Hasan Salih Saglam, Ahmet Gokce
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have demonstrated the role of systemic inflammation in the development and progression of cancer. In this study, we evaluated whether preoperatively measured neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can predict lamina propria invasion in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 304 consecutive and newly diagnosed patients with bladder cancer who had been treated with transurethral resection between January 2008 and June 2014...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123337/a-harmful-traditional-practice-in-newborns-with-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-resistance-syndrome-branding
#17
Osman Baştuğ, Levent Korkmaz, Sabriye Korkut, Hülya Halis, Tamer Güneş, Selim Kurtoğlu
Branding refers to a traditional practice of creating 'therapeutic' burns with hot iron rods over the skin in order to treat various diseases. Although branding is a harmful practice for the body, it has been used for various illnesses including physiologic jaundice in newborns, pneumonia, and convulsions. It causes serious morbidity and delays seeking proper medical care in neonates. Innovations of modern medicine and the use of evidence-based medicine should be preferred instead of these traditional practices...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121047/assessment-of-left-and-right-ventricular-rotational-interdependence-a-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-study
#18
Azin Alizadehasl, Anita Sadeghpour, Reza Hali, Hooman Bakhshandeh Abkenar, Luigi Badano
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the possible interdependence of the left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) rotational mechanics. BACKGROUND: Although myocardial fiber architecture and the effect of various pathologic conditions on LV torsional mechanics have already been investigated through multiple studies using different methods, there is still a significant debate about the actual presence and functional significance of RV rotational mechanics. METHODS: We perform a cross-sectional prospective study of 118 subjects, including 19 normal subjects (NS, 35±7 years), 34 patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS, 44±16 years), 26 patients with nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathies (HCM, 46±18), and 39 patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathies (DCM, 39±13 years)...
March 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070291/an-exotic-parasitoid-provides-an-invasional-lifeline-for-native-parasitoids
#19
Joanna K Konopka, Tim Haye, Tara Gariepy, Peter Mason, David Gillespie, Jeremy N McNeil
The introduction of an exotic species may alter food webs within the ecosystem and significantly affect the biodiversity of indigenous species at different trophic levels. It has been postulated that recent introduction of the brown marmorated stinkbug (Halyomorpha halys (Stål)) represents an evolutionary trap for native parasitoids, as they accept H. halys egg masses as a host but produce no viable progeny. Interspecific interactions between European egg parasitoid, Trissolcus cultratus (Mayr), and an Asian parasitoid, Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead), were assessed by providing egg masses to T...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066734/the-hip-restoration-algorithm
#20
REVIEW
Allston Julius Stubbs, Halis Atil Atilla
BACKGROUND: Despite the rapid advancement of imaging and arthroscopic techniques about the hip joint, missed diagnoses are still common. As a deep joint and compared to the shoulder and knee joints, localization of hip symptoms is difficult. Hip pathology is not easily isolated and is often related to intra and extra-articular abnormalities. In light of these diagnostic challenges, we recommend an algorithmic approach to effectively diagnoses and treat hip pain. METHODS: In this review, hip pain is evaluated from diagnosis to treatment in a clear decision model...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
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