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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220214/the-epidemiology-of-alcohol-use-in-izmir-turkey-drinking-pattern-impairment-and-help-seeking
#1
Halis Ulaş, Tolga Binbay, Umut Kırlı, Hayriye Elbi, Köksal Alptekin
PURPOSE: There is no report on various patterns of alcohol drinking and related impairment, help-seeking in Turkey. We investigated the 12-month prevalence and correlates of drinking patterns and alcohol use disorders in the general population of Izmir-Turkey, with further analyses on role impairment and help-seeking. METHOD: A multi-stage clustered area probability sample of adult household residents in the Izmir Metropolitan Area was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217655/correlation-between-body-mass-index-and-quadrupled-hamstring-tendon-autograft-size-in-acl-reconstruction
#2
Zafer Atbaşi, Ersin Erçin, Yusuf Erdem, Tuluhan Yunus Emre, Halis Atil Atilla, Adem Parlak
PURPOSE: the aim of this study was to assess the relationship of patient weight, height and body mass index (BMI) with the size of the quadrupled hamstring tendon used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: from patient records, we retrospectively assessed the weight, height, BMI and graft sizes of 126 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using a quadrupled hamstring tendon autograft between January 2010 and January 2013 at our institution...
October 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194694/thyroid-status-of-iodine-deficient-newborn-infants-living-in-central-region-of-turkey-a-pilot-study
#3
Osman Bastug, Levent Korkmaz, Hulya Halis, Seyma Memur, Sabriye Korkut, Ahmet Ozdemir, Tamer Gunes, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk, Selim Kurtoglu
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency (ID) during the fetal and neonatal periods can lead to neonatal hypothyroidism. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of ID on the thyroid hormone level of newborns living in Turkey. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2013, 71 newborns with a urinary iodine concentration <100 μg/L were recruited into the study. Data on thyroid volume, free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroglobulin (Tg) were collected from all newborns, and on breast milk iodine from their mothers...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182760/double-strand-rna-delivery-system-for-plant-sap-feeding-insects
#4
Saikat Kumar B Ghosh, Wayne B Hunter, Alexis L Park, Dawn E Gundersen-Rindal
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-mediated gene silencing, also known as RNA interference (RNAi), has been a breakthrough technology for functional genomic studies and represents a potential tool for the management of insect pests. Since the inception of RNAi numerous studies documented successful introduction of exogenously synthesized dsRNA or siRNA into an organism triggering highly efficient gene silencing through the degradation of endogenous RNA homologous to the presented siRNA. Managing hemipteran insect pests, especially Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), is critical to food productivity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181532/a-floral-fragrance-methyl-benzoate-is-an-efficient-green-pesticide
#5
Yan Feng, Aijun Zhang
Over-reliance on synthetic pesticides in insect pest control has caused widespread public and scientific concerns for human health and the environment, especially since many insect pests have already developed resistances to conventional pesticides and Bt products. For this reason, there is a considerable interest in development of alternative control methods for insect pest management. Based on laboratory studies, we report that methyl benzoate (MB), a naturally-occurring compound in many plants, may possess toxicity against various stages of a variety of insect pests, including the brown marmorated stinkbug, Halyomorpha halys, diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, and tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, as well as the spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164434/dual-inhibition-of-akt-and-c-met-as-a-second-line-therapy-following-acquired-resistance-to-sorafenib-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#6
Peng Han, Hali Li, Xian Jiang, Bo Zhai, Gang Tan, Dali Zhao, Haiquan Qiao, Bing Liu, Hongchi Jiang, Xueying Sun
Sorafenib displays a limited efficacy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Some HCC patients initially respond to sorafenib but eventually succumb to the disease, indicating that the acquired resistance to sorafenib reduces its beneficial effects. No alternative drugs are available after the failure of sorafenib therapy. Therefore, investigation of the mechanisms underlying the acquired resistance and development of second-line treatments for sorafenib-resistant HCC are urgently required. In the present study, sorafenib-resistant HCC cells generated from sorafenib-sensitive human HCC cells were shown to overproduce hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and overexpress c-Met kinase and its phosphorylated form, leading to the activation of Akt and ERK (extracellular signaling-regulated kinase) pathways...
February 6, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124528/can-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predict-lamina-propria-invasion-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#7
Haci Ibrahim Cimen, Fikret Halis, Hasan Salih Saglam, Ahmet Gokce
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have demonstrated the role of systemic inflammation in the development and progression of cancer. In this study, we evaluated whether preoperatively measured neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can predict lamina propria invasion in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 304 consecutive and newly diagnosed patients with bladder cancer who had been treated with transurethral resection between January 2008 and June 2014...
January 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123337/a-harmful-traditional-practice-in-newborns-with-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-resistance-syndrome-branding
#8
Osman Baştuğ, Levent Korkmaz, Sabriye Korkut, Hülya Halis, Tamer Güneş, Selim Kurtoğlu
Branding refers to a traditional practice of creating 'therapeutic' burns with hot iron rods over the skin in order to treat various diseases. Although branding is a harmful practice for the body, it has been used for various illnesses including physiologic jaundice in newborns, pneumonia, and convulsions. It causes serious morbidity and delays seeking proper medical care in neonates. Innovations of modern medicine and the use of evidence-based medicine should be preferred instead of these traditional practices...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121047/assessment-of-left-and-right-ventricular-rotational-interdependence-a-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-study
#9
Azin Alizadehasl, Anita Sadeghpour, Reza Hali, Hooman Bakhshandeh Abkenar, Luigi Badano
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the possible interdependence of the left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) rotational mechanics. BACKGROUND: Although myocardial fiber architecture and the effect of various pathologic conditions on LV torsional mechanics have already been investigated through multiple studies using different methods, there is still a significant debate about the actual presence and functional significance of RV rotational mechanics. METHODS: We perform a cross-sectional prospective study of 118 subjects, including 19 normal subjects (NS, 35±7 years), 34 patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS, 44±16 years), 26 patients with nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathies (HCM, 46±18), and 39 patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathies (DCM, 39±13 years)...
January 25, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070291/an-exotic-parasitoid-provides-an-invasional-lifeline-for-native-parasitoids
#10
Joanna K Konopka, Tim Haye, Tara Gariepy, Peter Mason, David Gillespie, Jeremy N McNeil
The introduction of an exotic species may alter food webs within the ecosystem and significantly affect the biodiversity of indigenous species at different trophic levels. It has been postulated that recent introduction of the brown marmorated stinkbug (Halyomorpha halys (Stål)) represents an evolutionary trap for native parasitoids, as they accept H. halys egg masses as a host but produce no viable progeny. Interspecific interactions between European egg parasitoid, Trissolcus cultratus (Mayr), and an Asian parasitoid, Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead), were assessed by providing egg masses to T...
January 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066734/the-hip-restoration-algorithm
#11
REVIEW
Allston Julius Stubbs, Halis Atil Atilla
BACKGROUND: Despite the rapid advancement of imaging and arthroscopic techniques about the hip joint, missed diagnoses are still common. As a deep joint and compared to the shoulder and knee joints, localization of hip symptoms is difficult. Hip pathology is not easily isolated and is often related to intra and extra-articular abnormalities. In light of these diagnostic challenges, we recommend an algorithmic approach to effectively diagnoses and treat hip pain. METHODS: In this review, hip pain is evaluated from diagnosis to treatment in a clear decision model...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064492/influence-of-winemaking-processing-steps-on-the-amounts-of-e-2-decenal-and-tridecane-as-off-odorants-caused-by-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-halyomorpha-halys
#12
Pallavi Mohekar, James Osborne, Nik G Wiman, Vaughn Walton, Elizabeth Tomasino
Brown marmorated stink bugs (BMSB) release stress compounds, tridecane and (E)-2-decenal, that affect final wine quality. This study focuses on determining the effect of wine processing on (E)-2-decenal and tridecane release in both red and white wines. Wines were produced by adding live BMSB to grape clusters at densities of 0, 0.3, 1, and 3 bugs/cluster. Compound concentrations were measured using headspace solid phase microextraction with multidimensional gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. For red wines, the highest levels of stress compounds were found using 3 BMSB/cluster [tridecane, 614 μg/L; (E)-2-decenal, 2...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058139/the-effect-of-anakinra-on-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#13
Ufuk Kuyrukluyıldız, İlke Küpeli, Zehra Bedir, Özgür Özmen, Didem Onk, Bahadır Süleyman, Renad Mammadov, Halis Süleyman
OBJECTIVE: Paclitaxel is used in the treatment of cancer, and it may cause interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)-related peripheral neuropathic pain. While our primary aim was to investigate the analgesic efficacy of an IL-1β antagonist, a secondary outcome was to assess whether a correlation exists between analgesic effects and antioxidant activity. METHODS: A total of 24 albino Wistar male rats were divided into the following groups: paclitaxel-control, paclitaxel+50 mg kg(-1) anakinra, paclitaxel+100 mg kg(-1) anakinra and healthy group (HG)...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051845/big-effect-of-small-nanoparticles-a-shift-in-paradigm-for-polymer-nanocomposites
#14
Shiwang Cheng, Shi-Jie Xie, Jan-Michael Y Carrillo, Bobby Carroll, Halie Martin, Peng-Fei Cao, Mark D Dadmun, Bobby G Sumpter, Vladimir N Novikov, Kenneth S Schweizer, Alexei P Sokolov
Polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) are important materials that are widely used in many current technologies and potentially have broader applications in the future due to their excellent property tunability, light weight, and low cost. However, expanding the limits in property enhancement remains a fundamental scientific challenge. Here, we demonstrate that well-dispersed, small (diameter ∼1.8 nm) nanoparticles with attractive interactions lead to unexpectedly large and qualitatively different changes in PNC structural dynamics in comparison to conventional nanocomposites based on particles of diameters ∼10-50 nm...
January 9, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038489/anesthesia-and-pain-management-in-traditional-iranian-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Alireza Salehi, Faranak Alembizar, Ayda Hosseinkhani
Studying the history of science could help develop an understanding of the contributions made by ancient nations towards scientific advances. Although Iranians had an important impact on the improvement of science, the history of Iranian medicine seems not to have been given enough attention by historians. The present study focused on the history of anesthesia and pain management in Iranian medical history. In this regard, related books such as Avesta and Shahnameh were studied in order to obtain the history of anesthesiology in Iranian pre Islamic era...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031472/seasonal-abundance-and-phenology-of-halyomorpha-halys-hemiptera-pentatomidae-on-different-pepper-cultivars-in-the-mid-atlantic-united-states
#16
C R Philips, T P Kuhar, G P Dively, G Hamilton, J Whalen, K Kamminga
The brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), is an invasive stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) introduced into the United States in the mid-1990s. Since its initial establishment, it has spread throughout the east coast as far south as Georgia, and as far north as New Hampshire. While information is available regarding H. halys behavior and life history in some crops, relatively little information is available for vegetables such as peppers. Key questions include understanding when H. halys enters pepper fields to feed and how best to predict infestations, what population levels create economic damage, and if peppers that vary in capsaicin levels also vary in susceptibility to attack...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030377/microbes-allergic-sensitization-and-the-natural-history-of-asthma
#17
Halie M Anderson, Daniel J Jackson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Understanding factors that lead to asthma development in early life is essential to developing strategies aimed at primary or secondary prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: This article will review current evidence addressing the development of early life allergic sensitization in relation to microbes and the gut and airway microbiome. Wheezing illnesses, particularly viral, remain a significant risk factor for asthma inception; however, bacterial pathogens have recently emerged as an additional important contributor to asthma risk, either alone or as cofactors with viral infections...
December 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028102/parasitism-and-predation-on-sentinel-egg-masses-of-the-brown-marmorated-stink-bug-hemiptera-pentatomidae-in-three-vegetable-crops-importance-of-dissections-for-evaluating-the-impact-of-native-parasitoids-on-an-exotic-pest
#18
Mary L Cornelius, Christine Dieckhoff, Bryan T Vinyard, Kim A Hoelmer
We conducted a survey to examine parasitism, predation, and the species composition of native parasitoids attacking sentinel egg masses of the invasive pest, the brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål), in bell pepper, squash, and tomato. A 2-yr survey was conducted for each crop. The species composition of parasitoids was determined for parasitoids that successfully emerged from eggs, parasitoids that were identified from dissections, and parasitoids that were found attending egg masses at the time of collection...
December 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017494/formal-thought-disorder-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Berna Yalincetin, Emre Bora, Tolga Binbay, Halis Ulas, Berna Binnur Akdede, Koksal Alptekin
Historically, formal thought disorder has been considered as one of the distinctive symptoms of schizophrenia. However, research in last few decades suggested that there is a considerable clinical and neurobiological overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BP). We conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing positive (PTD) and negative formal thought disorder (NTD) in schizophrenia and BP. We included 19 studies comparing 715 schizophrenia and 474 BP patients. In the acute inpatient samples, there was no significant difference in the severity of PTD (d=-0...
December 22, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935798/health-gains-and-financial-protection-provided-by-the-ethiopian-mental-health-strategy-an-extended-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#20
Kjell Arne Johansson, Kirsten Bjerkreim Strand, Abebaw Fekadu, Dan Chisholm
BACKGROUND: Mental and neurological (MN) health care has long been neglected in low-income settings. This paper estimates health and non-health impacts of fully publicly financed care for selected key interventions in the National Mental Health Strategy in Ethiopia for depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and epilepsy. METHODS: A methodology of extended cost-effectiveness analysis (ECEA) is applied to MN health care in Ethiopia. The impact of providing a package of selected MN interventions free of charge in Ethiopia is estimated for: epilepsy (75% coverage, phenobarbital), depression (30% coverage, fluoxetine, cognitive therapy and proactive case management), bipolar affective disorder (50% coverage, valproate and psychosocial therapy) and schizophrenia (75% coverage, haloperidol plus psychosocial treatment)...
October 9, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
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