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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350928/effect-of-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-vs-total-abdominal-hysterectomy-on-disease-free-survival-among-women-with-stage-i-endometrial-cancer-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Monika Janda, Val Gebski, Lucy C Davies, Peta Forder, Alison Brand, Russell Hogg, Thomas W Jobling, Russell Land, Tom Manolitsas, Marcelo Nascimento, Deborah Neesham, James L Nicklin, Martin K Oehler, Geoff Otton, Lewis Perrin, Stuart Salfinger, Ian Hammond, Yee Leung, Peter Sykes, Hextan Ngan, Andrea Garrett, Michael Laney, Tong Yow Ng, Karfai Tam, Karen Chan, C David Wrede, Selvan Pather, Bryony Simcock, Rhonda Farrell, Gregory Robertson, Graeme Walker, Nigel R Armfield, Nick Graves, Anthony J McCartney, Andreas Obermair
Importance: Standard treatment for endometrial cancer involves removal of the uterus, tubes, ovaries, and lymph nodes. Few randomized trials have compared disease-free survival outcomes for surgical approaches. Objective: To investigate whether total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) is equivalent to total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) in women with treatment-naive endometrial cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Laparoscopic Approach to Cancer of the Endometrium (LACE) trial was a multinational, randomized equivalence trial conducted between October 7, 2005, and June 30, 2010, in which 27 surgeons from 20 tertiary gynecological cancer centers in Australia, New Zealand, and Hong Kong randomized 760 women with stage I endometrioid endometrial cancer to either TLH or TAH...
March 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346514/valence-arousal-familiarity-concreteness-and-imageability-ratings-for-292-two-character-chinese-nouns-in-cantonese-speakers-in-hong-kong
#2
Lydia T S Yee
Words are frequently used as stimuli in cognitive psychology experiments, for example, in recognition memory studies. In these experiments, it is often desirable to control for the words' psycholinguistic properties because differences in such properties across experimental conditions might introduce undesirable confounds. In order to avoid confounds, studies typically check to see if various affective and lexico-semantic properties are matched across experimental conditions, and so databases that contain values for these properties are needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345292/the-detection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-porcine-deltacoronavirus-from-guangdong-province-in-southern-china
#3
K Mai, J Feng, G Chen, D Li, L Zhou, Y Bai, Q Wu, J Ma
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a newly discovered coronavirus that causes diarrhoea, vomiting and dehydration in sucking and nursing piglets. It was first reported in Hong Kong in 2012 and has since been discovered in the United States, Canada, South Korea, mainland China, Thailand and Laos. PDCoV has been experimentally proved to lead to diarrhoea in swine and it was detected positive in pigs in Guangdong, southern China. In our study, 252 faecal and intestinal samples from sucking piglets and sows with diarrhoea were surveyed for common enteric viruses...
March 27, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343703/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-environmental-cleaning-among-environmental-service-workers-in-chinese-hospitals
#4
Kaiwen Ni, Bingbing Chen, Hui Jin, Qingxin Kong, Xiaoping Ni, Hong Xu
We conducted a study using a face-to-face survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of environmental service workers (ESWs) concerning routine cleaning and disinfection at 3 tertiary hospitals in China. There were 115 (89.1%) respondents who agreed that environmental cleaning can contribute to keep patients safe, whereas 63 (48.8%) reported they were very willing to make cleaning practices better. Only 15 (11.6%) ESWs agreed they were in risk of nosocomial infections during daily cleaning. Our findings suggest that the level of ESWs' knowledge regarding cleaning practices was passable, but the awareness of occupational safety and health was weak...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343441/an-investigation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-cantonese-version-of-subjective-index-of-physical-and-social-outcome-sipso
#5
Patrick Wh Kwong, Shamay Sm Ng, Gabriel Yf Ng
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were 1) to translate and make cultural adaptations to the English version of the SIPSO questionnaire to create a Chinese (Cantonese) version, 2) evaluate the internal consistency, test-retest reliability the C-SIPSO questionnaire, and 3) compare the SIPSO-C scores of stroke survivors with different demographic characteristics to establish the discriminant validity of the questionnaire Design: Translation of questionnaire, cross sectional study. SETTING: University-based clinical research laboratory...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343083/life-satisfaction-and-perceived-stress-among-young-offenders-in-a-residential-therapeutic-community-latent-change-score-analysis
#6
Kristen N S Tang, Christian S Chan
Recent rehabilitation frameworks underscore the importance of strength-based interventions for young offenders who may lack internal and external resources to manage their stress and plan for their life. This multi-wave longitudinal study investigated the dynamic relationship between perceived stress and life satisfaction among a group of young ex-offenders in a residential therapeutic community. Four waves of data were collected from 117 Hong Kong youths (24.0% female, mean age = 17.7) over one year. Latent change score analysis was employed to examine the univairate and bivariate changes of their perceived stress and life satisfaction...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340924/hippocampal-sparing-whole-brain-radiotherapy-for-lung-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Ren Zhao, Wei Kong, Jun Shang, Hong Zhe, Yan-Yang Wang
Brain metastases occur in 20% to 40% of lung cancer patients. Whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) has long been considered the treatment of choice for many patients with lung cancer, because of its wide availability, ease of delivery, and effectiveness in prolonging survival. However, WBRT is also associated with several side effects, such as decline in memory and other cognitive functions. There exists significant preclinical and clinical evidence that radiation-induced injury to the hippocampus correlates with neurocognitive decline of patients who receive WBRT...
March 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340482/the-effect-of-interprofessional-team-based-learning-among-nursing-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Lap Ki Chan, Namkiu Chan, Fraide A Ganotice, Jacqueline Ho
BACKGROUND: Although interprofessional education has received attention in recent years as a means of providing opportunities for health-care professionals to learn with, from and about other disciplines and enhance the quality of patient care, evidence of its effectiveness is limited. Interprofessional team-based learning was introduced to make it possible for students in different healthcare disciplines to interact with each other, and to prepare them to function effectively within a team in their future career...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339437/complications-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-following-full-endoscopic-interlaminar-lumbar-discectomy-a-large-single-center-retrospective-study
#9
Tian-Hang Xie, Jian-Cheng Zeng, Zhu-Hai Li, Liang Wang, Hong-Fei Nie, Hu-Shan Jiang, Yue-Ming Song, Qing-Quan Kong
BACKGROUND: The new surgical procedure of full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy (FILD) has achieved favorable effects in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Along with the wide range of applications of FILD, a series of complications related to the operation has gradually emerged. OBJECTIVE: To describe the types, incidences, and characteristics of complications following FILD and to explore preventative and treatment measures. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339326/using-online-methods-to-develop-and-examine-the-hong-kong-chinese-translation-of-the-dissociative-experiences-scale
#10
Chitat Chan, Hong Wang Fung, Tat Ming Choi, Colin A Ross
Identifying dissociation is important for mental health services because it could fundamentally affect one's diagnosis and treatment plan. The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) is a widely-used self-report scale for measuring dissociative experiences. It has been translated into many languages and used in many countries. However, there is no validated Hong Kong Chinese version of the DES available in the field, and there is no other validated Hong Kong Chinese instrument for assessing dissociative disorders...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338708/lower-risk-of-incident-dementia-among-chinese-older-adults-having-three-servings-of-vegetables-and-two-servings-of-fruits-a-day
#11
Allen T C Lee, Marcus Richards, Wai C Chan, Helen F K Chiu, Ruby S Y Lee, Linda C W Lam
Background: dietary modification can potentially reduce dementia risk, but the importance of fruits and the amount of vegetables and fruits required for cognitive maintenance are uncertain. We examined whether the minimal daily requirement of vegetables and fruits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) would independently lower dementia risk. Methods: in this population-based observational study, we examined the diet of 17,700 community-living dementia-free Chinese older adults who attended the Elderly Health Centres in Hong Kong at baseline and followed their cognitive status for 6 years...
February 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337929/a-public-health-approach-in-responding-to-the-spread-of-helium-suicide-in-hong-kong
#12
Paul S F Yip, Qijin Cheng, Shu-Sen Chang, Esther Sze Tsai Lee, Chui-Shan Carmen Lai, Feng Chen, Yik-Wa Frances Law, T M Eric Cheng, Sau Mee Chiu, Y L Jeff Tse, Ka-Wai Raymond Cheung, Man-Li Tse, Peter R Morgan, Philip Beh
BACKGROUND: The use of the helium suicide method has been increasing in popularity in Hong Kong since 2012. We have learned a valuable lesson in curbing the spread of charcoal burning (CB) suicide in the past 15 years and hope to prevent the helium suicide method from taking off in the community. AIMS: To document what actions have been taken to contain the spread of the helium suicide method and review the preliminary impact of these actions. METHOD: We adopted a public health approach by engaging stakeholders from multiple sectors, including the police force, the fire services department, coroners, pathologists, mass media, and online media outlets...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335091/assessment-of-genetic-diversity-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-korean-native-chicken-breeds-using-microsatellite-markers
#13
Joo Hee Seo, Jun-Heon Lee, Hong Sik Kong
In this study, the genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships of 445 Korean native chickens from five different breeds(Korean Native Chicken (NC), Leghorn (LH), Cornish (CS), Rhode Island Red (RIR), and Hanhyup(HH) commercial line) were studied by performing genotyping using 20 microsatellite (MS) markers. Among the 20 MS markers selected for the genotyping, the number of alleles ranged from 5 (ADL0268) to 20 (MCW0127). The observed heterozygosity (Hobs) ranged from 0.349 (GCT0016) to 0.683 (MCW0145)...
March 21, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333528/achievement-goal-profiles-among-adolescent-males-and-females
#14
David Litalien, Alexandre J S Morin, Dennis M McInerney
Achievement goal theory has long been a dominant model in the study of student motivation. However, a relatively small number of researchers have investigated gender differences in achievement goals or have considered the possible role that social and extrinsic goals may play in student academic motivation. Adopting a person-centered multiple goals perspective based on personal investment theory, this longitudinal study investigated whether males and females shared similar goal profiles, and whether the predictors (facilitating conditions) and outcomes (learning processes, task perseverance, and future aspirations) of these profiles were equivalent across genders...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332103/parental-behaviors-and-sleep-wake-patterns-of-infants-and-toddlers-in-hong-kong-china
#15
Xin-Ting Yu, Avi Sadeh, Hugh Simon Lam, Jodi A Mindell, Albert Martin Li
BACKGROUND: To describe the sleep patterns of children below 36 months in Hong Kong, and evaluate the associations between parental behaviors and childhood sleep/wake patterns. METHODS: Parents of 1049 infants and toddlers completed an internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Total sleep duration (P<0.001), frequency (P<0.001) and duration (P<0.001) of nocturnal awakenings decreased with age, whereas the longest sleep duration (P<0...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331297/involvement-in-shared-decision-making-for-patients-in-public-specialist-outpatient-clinics-in-hong-kong
#16
Richard H Xu, Eliza Ly Wong
OBJECTIVE: This study is a preliminary exploration of the association between patient involvement in decision-making and patient socioeconomic characteristics and experience in specialist outpatient clinics (SOPCs) in Hong Kong. METHODS: Cross-sectional telephone interviews were conducted using the Specialist Outpatient Experience Questionnaire (SOPEQ) in 26 Hospital Authority public SOPCs in Hong Kong. The SOPEQ was designed by The School of Public Health and Primary Care at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, fully taking into account both literature review and the local context of the public specialist outpatient system in Hong Kong...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327126/characterization-and-mechanisms-of-anti-influenza-virus-metabolites-isolated-from-the-vietnamese-medicinal-plant-polygonum-chinense
#17
Thu Thi Tran, Meehyein Kim, Yejin Jang, Hye Won Lee, Hoa Thi Nguyen, Thanh Ngoc Nguyen, Hae Woong Park, Quang Le Dang, Jin-Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: Polygonum chinense Linn. is a common medicinal plant in Southeast Asia and has been used in traditional medicine in Vietnam. The plant contains phytochemicals with various biological properties; however, its antiviral effect has not yet been demonstrated. This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-influenza virus activity of crude extracts of P. chinense, to characterize antiviral metabolites therefrom and to investigate their mechanisms of antiviral action. METHODS: The methanol (MeOH) extract and organic solvent layers of P...
March 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324091/association-between-dabigatran-vs-warfarin-and-risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-among-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#18
Wallis C Y Lau, Esther W Chan, Ching-Lung Cheung, Chor Wing Sing, Kenneth K C Man, Gregory Y H Lip, Chung-Wah Siu, Joanne K Y Lam, Alan C H Lee, Ian C K Wong
Importance: The risk of osteoporotic fracture with dabigatran use in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is unknown. Objective: To investigate the risk of osteoporotic fracture with dabigatran vs warfarin in patients with NVAF. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study using a population-wide database managed by the Hong Kong Hospital Authority. Patients newly diagnosed with NVAF from 2010 through 2014 and prescribed dabigatran or warfarin were matched by propensity score at a 1:2 ratio with follow-up until July 31, 2016...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#19
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322697/molecular-identification-of-spirometra-erinaceieuropaei-tapeworm-in-cases-of-human-sparganosis-hong-kong
#20
Tommy H C Tang, Samson S Y Wong, Christopher K C Lai, Rosana W S Poon, Helen S Y Chan, Tak Chiu Wu, Yuk-Fai Cheung, Tak-Lap Poon, Yi-Po Tsang, Wai-Lun Tang, Alan K L Wu
Human sparganosis is a foodborne zoonosis endemic in Asia. We report a series of 9 histologically confirmed human sparganosis cases in Hong Kong, China. All parasites were retrospectively identified as Spirometra erinaceieuropaei. Skin and soft tissue swelling was the most common symptom, followed by central nervous system lesions.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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