keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hong kong

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342444/scarlet-fever-epidemic-in-china-caused-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-serotype-m12-epidemiologic-and-molecular-analysis
#1
Yuanhai You, Mark R Davies, Melinda Protani, Liam McIntyre, Mark J Walker, Jianzhong Zhang
From 2011, Hong Kong and mainland China have witnessed a sharp increase in reported cases, with subsequent reports of epidemic scarlet fever in North Asia and the United Kingdom. Here we examine epidemiological data and investigate the genomic context of the predominantly serotype M12 Streptococcus pyogenes scarlet fever isolates from mainland China. Incident case data was obtained from the Chinese Nationwide Notifiable Infectious Diseases Reporting Information System. The relative risk of scarlet fever in recent outbreak years 2011-2016 was calculated using the median age-standardised incidence rate, compared to years 2003-2010 prior this outbreak...
January 11, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341261/consensus-statements-on-the-clinical-understanding-and-use-of-milnacipran-in-hong-kong
#2
REVIEW
Wing King Lee, Kwok Leung Au Yeung, Ho Bun Lam, Chi Keung Wong, Ming Kai Au, Hoi Yee Karina Chan, Yat Wo Eric Cheung, Wing Ho Chui, Ting Chi Vanessa Wong, Chi Kin Fu, Shiu Kow Sham, Ki Yan Mak
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to develop a local consensus to guide medical practitioners and psychiatrists on the use of milnacipran in different psychiatric conditions. METHODS: By utilizing the modified Delphi technique, 12 statements were electronically voted on anonymously for their practicability of recommendation. RESULTS: There was a very high degree of agreement among the consensus group on 10 finalized consensus statements, but 2 statements were voted down due to a poor degree of agreement...
January 17, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340896/analysis-of-fecal-microbiota-in-patients-with-functional-constipation-undergoing-treatment-with-synbiotics
#3
Lin Sheng Huang, Cheng Kong, Ren Yuan Gao, Xuebing Yan, Hong Jing Yu, Bin Wen, Qi Zhu, Tong Yi Shen, Zhen Liang Sun, Huan Long Qin
This study was performed to identify changes to microbial composition after treatment with synbiotics in patients with functional constipation and to define the key microbiota in the pathogenesis of functional constipation. Fecal samples from 53 patients diagnosed with chronic functional constipation according to the Rome III criteria were analyzed using 16S rRNA sequencing. After treatment with synbiotics for 1 month, fecal samples were collected from 36 patients; after a total of 3 months, fecal samples were collected from 15 patients...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338556/hong-kong-liberals-are-weird-analytic-thought-increases-support-for-liberal-policies
#4
Thomas Talhelm
This study tests whether liberals and conservatives within the same society think as if they were from different cultures. I tested this by measuring the cultural thought style of social liberals and conservatives in Hong Kong (Study 1). Liberals tended to think more analytically (more "WEIRD"), and conservatives tended to think more holistically (more common in East Asia). In Study 2, I trained people to think analytically or holistically before they read articles on political issues. Analytic thought caused people to form more liberal opinions, and holistic thought caused people to form more conservative opinions...
January 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338435/three-new-diphenyl-ether-derivatives-from-the-fermentation-products-of-an-endophytic-fungus-phomopsis-fukushii
#5
Yu-Hong Gao, Rui Zheng, Jing Li, Wei-Song Kong, Xin Liu, Lin Ye, Qi-Li Mi, Wei-Song Kong, Min Zhou, Guang-Yu Yang, Qiu-Fen Hu, Gang Du, Hai-Ying Yang, Xue-Mei Li
Three new diphenyl ethers (1-3), together with four known isopentylated diphenyl ethers derivatives (4-7), were isolated from the fermentation products of an endophytic fungus Phomopsis fukushii. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including extensive 1D and 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for their anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (anti-MRSA) activity. The results revealed that compounds 1 and 2 showed strong inhibitions with inhibition zone diameters (IZD) of 20...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336010/the-unique-role-of-executive-function-skills-in-predicting-hong-kong-kindergarteners-reading-comprehension
#6
Yingyi Liu, Huilin Sun, Dan Lin, Hong Li, Susanna Siu-Sze Yeung, Terry Tin-Yau Wong
BACKGROUND: Word reading and linguistic comprehension skills are two crucial components in reading comprehension, according to the Simple View of Reading (SVR). Some researchers have posited that a third component should be involved in reading and understanding texts, namely executive function (EF) skills. AIM: This study was novel in two ways. Not only did we tested EF skills as a predictor of reading comprehension in a non-alphabetic language (i.e., Chinese) to extend the theoretical model of SVR, we also examined reading comprehension further in kindergarten children (age 5) in Hong Kong, in the attempt to reveal possible early precursors of reading comprehension...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334644/predictors-of-remission-from-probable-depression-among-hong-kong-adolescents-a-large-scale-longitudinal-study
#7
Xue Yang, Joseph T F Lau, Mason C M Lau
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the incidence of remission from probable depression among adolescents in Hong Kong. Remissions were defined as having Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD) scores changed from ≥16 at baseline to <16 over the 12-month follow-up period. The study tested the predictors of remissions, including perceived changes in family support, self-efficacy, self-esteem, positive affect, negative events, social anxiety, and loneliness. METHODS: The study surveyed 9666 secondary school students and identified 5487 (57%) students with probable depression in Hong Kong...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332540/using-the-woman-abuse-screening-tool-to-screen-for-and-assess-dating-violence-in-college-students
#8
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Jessie Ho-Yin Yau, Edmond Pui-Hang Choi, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Judith Belle Brown
The study aimed to evaluate the measurement properties of the Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST) in Chinese college students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hong Kong. A cutoff score of 10 was found to be able to discriminate between abused and nonabused Chinese young adults. The total score was significantly correlated with total scores for anxiety and depression on the Chinese version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Two-factor structure of the WAST was supported by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332528/-killed-out-of-love-a-frame-analysis-of-domestic-violence-coverage-in-hong-kong
#9
Miriam Hernández
A frame analysis was conducted on a Hong Kong newspaper to determine whether news coverage of female fatalities at the hands of their intimate partners was reported in conventional domestic violence ways or if there were culture-specific explanations. Overall, most coverage supported known views of domestic violence, justifying the perpetrator and categorizing the issue as isolated crime. However, a few stories highlighted the historical subordination of women under patriarchy in Confucianism as an important cultural factor...
November 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330615/the-parameter-identification-problem-for-sir-epidemic-models-identifying-unreported-cases
#10
Pierre Magal, Glenn Webb
A SIR epidemic model is analyzed with respect to identification of its parameters, based upon reported case data from public health sources. The objective of the analysis is to understand the relation of unreported cases to reported cases. In many epidemic diseases the ratio of unreported to reported cases is very high, and of major importance in implementing measures for controlling the epidemic. This ratio can be estimated by the identification of parameters for the model from reported case data. The analysis is applied to three examples: (1) the Hong Kong seasonal influenza epidemic in New York City in 1968-1969, (2) the bubonic plague epidemic in Bombay, India in 1906, and (3) the seasonal influenza epidemic in Puerto Rico in 2016-2017...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328156/suppressing-the-influence-of-charge-coupled-device-vertical-blooming-on-the-measurement-of-laser-beam-quality-factor-m2-of-a-near-infrared-laser
#12
Ling-Qiang Meng, Kun-Hao Ji, Qing-Qing Kong, Zhi-Gang Han, Hua Shen, Ri-Hong Zhu
In this paper, a new method, which is based on reconstructing the original intensity distribution of a laser with images captured by a charge-coupled device (CCD) in two orthogonal directions, is proposed for suppressing the influence of CCD vertical blooming on the measurement of the laser beam quality factor (M2). A simplified theoretical model for the distribution of CCD blooming is also proposed. With the proposed method and model, the influence of CCD vertical blooming on the measurement of M2 is simulated...
January 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327505/flexible-modulation-of-co-release-using-various-nuclearity-of-metal-carbonyl-clusters-on-graphene-oxide-for-stroke-remediation
#13
Mein Jin Tan, Han-Chi Pan, Hui Ru Tan, Jian Wei Chai, Qi Feng Lim, Ten It Wong, Xiaodong Zhou, Zi-Yao Hong, Lun-De Liao, Kien Voon Kong
Utilizing the size-dependent adsorption properties of ruthenium carbonyl clusters (Ru-carbon monoxide (CO)) onto graphene oxide (GO), a facile CO-release platform for in situ vasodilation as a treatment for stroke-related vascular diseases is developed. The rate and amount of formation of the CO-release-active RuII (CO)2 species can be modulated by a simple mixing procedure at room temperature. The subsequent thermally induced oxidation of RuII (CO)2 to RuO2 on the GO surface results in the release of CO. Further modulation of thermal and CO-release properties can be achieved via a hybridization of medium- and high-nuclearity of Ru-CO clusters that produces a RuO2 /RuII (CO)2 /6 Ru-CO-GO composite, where 6 Ru-CO-GO provides a photothermally activated reservoir of RuII (CO)2 species and the combined infrared absorption properties of GO and RuO2 provides photothermal response for in situ CO-release...
January 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326402/ageing-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disability-issues-and-concerns-in-hong-kong
#14
REVIEW
M My Tse, R Yc Kwan, J L Lau
INTRODUCTION: The increasing longevity of people with intellectual disability is testimony to the positive developments in medical intervention. Nonetheless early-onset age-related issues and concerns cause deterioration of their overall well-being. This paper aimed to explore the issues and concerns about individuals with intellectual disability as they age. METHODS: Articles that discussed people with intellectual disability over 30 years of age, and those that identified ageing health issues and concerns were included...
January 12, 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326401/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-trastuzumab-emtansine-in-advanced-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-positive-breast-cancer
#15
W Yeo, M Y Luk, I S Soong, T Ys Yuen, T Y Ng, F Kf Mo, K Chan, S Y Wong, J Tsang, C Leung, J Js Suen, R Kc Ngan
INTRODUCTION: The management of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer has changed dramatically with the introduction and widespread use of HER2-targeted therapies. There is, however, relatively limited real-world information about the effectiveness and safety of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in the Hong Kong Chinese patients. We assessed the efficacy and toxicity profiles among local patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer who had received T-DM1 therapy in the second-line setting and beyond...
January 12, 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326400/treatment-of-cutaneous-angiosarcoma-of-the-scalp-and-face-in-the-chinese-patients-local-experience-at-a-regional-hospital-in-hong-kong
#16
T L Chow, W Wy Kwan, C K Kwan
INTRODUCTION: Angiosarcoma is a rare aggressive sarcoma that occurs mostly in the skin of the head and neck in the elderly population. The optimal management is dubious and most studies are from Caucasian populations. We aimed to find out the treatment and outcome of this disease in Chinese patients. METHODS: Data of patients with histopathologically verified cutaneous angiosarcoma of the head and neck during December 1997 to September 2016 were retrieved from our cancer registry...
January 12, 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323615/short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-for-low-rectal-cancer
#17
Qing-Bin Wu, Xiang-Bing Deng, Xu-Bing Zhang, Ling-Hong Kong, Zong-Guang Zhou, Zi-Qiang Wang
AIM: To compare the short-term and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic versus open surgery for low rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients with low rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic or open surgery at our department from January 2009 to December 2013 were enrolled in this retrospective study. The primary end points were 3-year local recurrence and overall and disease-free survival (DFS) rates. Secondary end points were intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: Laparoscopic group had longer operative time (165...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322580/a-study-of-environmental-factors-affecting-nurses-comfort-and-protection-in-wearing-n95-respirators-during-bedside-procedures
#18
P P L Or, J W Y Chung, T K S Wong
AIM: To investigate room temperature and relative humidity affecting nurses' comfort and protection in wearing N95 respirators during clinical bedside procedures. BACKGROUND: N95 respirators are most commonly used to protect healthcare workers against airborne diseases. The elastic head straps required for tight fit may cause headache, facial pain and/or ear lobe discomfort. Although some past fit test results showed that these respirators are likely to fit comfortably, in reality any discomfort from use may influence negatively their appeal and acceptability and thus lower their effectiveness to protect the wearers...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314656/mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-inhibition-attenuates-myocardial-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-in-hypertrophic-heart
#19
Lei-Lei Ma, Xin Ma, Fei-Juan Kong, Jun-Jie Guo, Hong-Tao Shi, Jian-Bing Zhu, Yun-Zeng Zou, Jun-Bo Ge
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy aggravated myocardial infarction and is causally related to autophagy dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Rapamycin is an inhibitor of serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) involved in the regulation of autophagy as well as oxidative/nitrative stress. Here, we demonstrated that rapamycin ameliorates myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury by rescuing the defective cytoprotective mechanisms in hypertrophic heart. Our results showed that chronic rapamycin treatment markedly reduced the phosphorylated mTOR and ribosomal protein S6 expression, but not Akt in both normal and aortic-banded mice...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312573/improvement-of-anti-cancer-drug-efficacy-via-thermosensitive-hydrogel-in-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-in-gastric-cancer
#20
Tae-Su Han, Keun Hur, Boram Choi, Ji-Yeon Lee, Sun-Ju Byeon, Jimin Min, Jieun Yu, Jung-Kyo Cho, Jimin Hong, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Seong-Ho Kong, Woo-Ho Kim, Kazuyoshi Yanagihara, Soo-Chang Song, Han-Kwang Yang
Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) of gastric origin has a poor prognosis with short survival due to lack of effective therapeutic modalities. Here, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of an injectable thermosensitive poly (organophosphazene) (PPZ) hydrogel with docetaxel (DTX-gel) to develop an effective therapeutic agent for patient with PC. Three days after inoculation of highly metastatic 44As3Luc cells into peritoneal cavity, the mice were intravenously or intraperitoneally administered with docetaxel alone (DTX-sol IV or IP), and intraperitoneally injected with DTX-gel...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
41177
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"