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Hao-Ting Lin, Mao-Hsiung Chiang
The study aims to integrate the image sensor for a three-axial pneumatic parallel manipulator which can pick and place objects automatically by the feature information of the image processed through the SURF algorithm. The SURF algorithm is adopted for defining and matching the features of a target object and an object database. In order to accurately mark the center of target and strengthen the feature matching results, the random sample and consensus method (RANSAC) is utilized. The ASUS Xtion Pro Live depth camera which can directly estimate the 3-D location of the target point is used in this study...
2016: Sensors
Ana Bolena Harten Pinto Costa, Ana Paula Maria Cavalcanti Valença, Paulo Jorge Parreira Dos Santos
The applicability of estuarine meiofauna and harpacticoid copepods' communities in an artificial substrate unit (ASU) was assessed and compared to natural substrates (sediment and pneumatophores) as a tool to discern estuaries under different types of anthropogenic impacts. The ASU's replicates demonstrated a low variation of density among replicates when considering the total meiofauna and copepod species, which was reflected by a great similarity within the samples. In relation to the most abundant groups found, the ASU samples properly represented the natural substrates, even though nematodes were poor colonizers...
September 15, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Elizabeth A Lynch, Julie A Luker, Dominique A Cadilhac, Susan L Hillier
PURPOSE: Less than half of the patients with stroke in Australian hospitals are assessed by rehabilitation specialists. We sought to explore how clinicians working in acute stroke units (ASUs) determine which patients to refer to rehabilitation services. METHOD: Qualitative descriptive study. Team meetings were observed and medical records were reviewed over four weeks at two ASUs. Focus groups were conducted with staff from eight ASUs in two states of Australia...
July 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Darren M Parsons, Crispin Middleton, Keren T Spong, Graeme Mackay, Matt D Smith, Dane Buckthought
Nursery habitats provide elevated survival and growth to the organisms that associate with them, and as such are a crucial early life-stage component for many fishes and invertebrates. The exact mechanisms by which these benefits are afforded to associated organisms, however, are often unclear. Here we assessed potential explanations of the nursery function of structurally complex habitats for post-settlement snapper, Chrysophrys auratus, in New Zealand. Specifically, we deployed Artificial Seagrass Units (ASUs) and used a combination of video observation, netting and diet analysis of associated post-settlement snapper as well describing potential prey within the micro-habitats surrounding ASUs...
2015: PloS One
Tamara Sinobad, Kosovka Obradović-Djuricić, Zoran Nikolić, Slobodan Dodić, Vojkan Lazić, Vladimir Sinobad, Aleksandra Jesenko-Rokvić
BACKGROUND/AIM: Dimensional stability and accuracy of an impression after chemical disinfection by immersion in disinfectants are crucial for the accuracy of final prosthetic restorations. The aim of this study was to assess the deformation of addition and condensation silicone impressions after disinfection in antimicrobial solutions. METHODS: A total of 120 impressions were made on the model of the upper arch representing three full metal-ceramic crown preparations...
March 2014: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
John F Lancashire, M Steele, D Parker, H Puhalla
BACKGROUND: The Acute Surgical Unit (ASU) is a recent change in management of acute general surgical patients in hospitals worldwide. In contrast to traditional management of acute surgical presentations by a rotating on-call system, ASUs are shown to deliver improved efficiency and patient outcomes. This study investigated the impact of an ASU on operative management of appendicitis, the most common acute surgical presentation, by comparing performance indicators and patient outcomes prior to and after introduction of an ASU at the Gold Coast Hospital, Queensland, Australia...
August 2014: World Journal of Surgery
Charles A Nock, Olivier Taugourdeau, Sylvain Delagrange, Christian Messier
Detailed 3D plant architectural data have numerous applications in plant science, but many existing approaches for 3D data collection are time-consuming and/or require costly equipment. Recently, there has been rapid growth in the availability of low-cost, 3D cameras and related open source software applications. 3D cameras may provide measurements of key components of plant architecture such as stem diameters and lengths, however, few tests of 3D cameras for the measurement of plant architecture have been conducted...
2013: Sensors
Jonghyun Kim, Andrew Gravunder, Christopher J Stanley, Hyung-Soon Park
A self-paced treadmill that can simulate overground walking has the potential to improve the effectiveness of treadmill training for gait rehabilitation. We have implemented a self-paced treadmill without the need for expensive equipment such as a motion capture system and an instrumented treadmill. For this, an inexpensive depth sensor, ASUS XtionTM, substitutes for the motion capture system, and a low-cost commercial treadmill is considered as the platform of the self-paced treadmill. The proposed self-paced treadmill is also convenient because the depth sensor does not require markers placed on user's body...
2013: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Jenilee Way, Frank Wuest
INTRODUCTION: 4-[(18)F]Fluorobenzylamine ([(18)F]FBA) is an important building block for the synthesis of (18)F-labeled compounds. Synthesis of [(18)F]FBA usually involves application of strong reducing agents like LiAlH4 which is challenging to handle in automated synthesis units (ASUs). Therefore, alternative methods for the preparation of [(18)F]FBA compatible with remotely-controlled syntheses in ASUs are needed. METHODS: (18)F]FBA was prepared in a remotely-controlled synthesis unit (GE TRACERlab™ FX) based on Ni(II)-mediated borohydride exchange resin (BER) reduction of 4-[(18)F]fluorobenzonitrile ([(18)F]FBN)...
April 2013: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Ryan L Ragle, Allen D Sawitzke
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, highly prevalent and disabling disease that is expected to increase in prevalence secondary to longer life expectancy and a disproportionately aging population. Treatment of OA is only marginally effective and has been focused primarily on symptom control using weight loss, physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, intra-articular steroids or viscosupplementation, topical NSAIDs and analgesics, diacerein (an oral interleukin-1β inhibitor) and finally joint replacement surgery...
September 2012: Drugs & Aging
Ausaf Ahmad, Anatoliy Kravets, Elena Rustchenko
Candida albicans, a major human fungal pathogen, usually contains a diploid genome, but controls adaptation to a toxic alternative carbon source L-sorbose, by the reversible loss of one chromosome 5 (Ch5). We have previously identified multiple unique regions on Ch5 that repress the growth on sorbose. In one of the regions, the CSU51 gene determining the repressive property of the region was identified. We report here the identification of the CSU53 gene from a different region on Ch5. Most importantly, we find that CSU51 and CSU53 are associated with novel regulatory elements, ASUs, which are embedded within CSUs in an antisense configuration...
February 2012: Genetics
Sandy Middleton, Patrick McElduff, Jeanette Ward, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Simeon Dale, Catherine D'Este, Peta Drury, Rhonda Griffiths, N Wah Cheung, Clare Quinn, Malcolm Evans, Dominique Cadilhac, Christopher Levi
BACKGROUND: We assessed patient outcomes 90 days after hospital admission for stroke following a multidisciplinary intervention targeting evidence-based management of fever, hyperglycaemia, and swallowing dysfunction in acute stroke units (ASUs). METHODS: In the Quality in Acute Stroke Care (QASC) study, a single-blind cluster randomised controlled trial, we randomised ASUs (clusters) in New South Wales, Australia, with immediate access to CT and on-site high dependency units, to intervention or control group...
November 12, 2011: Lancet
Maged N Kamel Boulos, Bryan J Blanchard, Cory Walker, Julio Montero, Aalap Tripathy, Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna
This paper covers the use of depth sensors such as Microsoft Kinect and ASUS Xtion to provide a natural user interface (NUI) for controlling 3-D (three-dimensional) virtual globes such as Google Earth (including its Street View mode), Bing Maps 3D, and NASA World Wind. The paper introduces the Microsoft Kinect device, briefly describing how it works (the underlying technology by PrimeSense), as well as its market uptake and application potential beyond its original intended purpose as a home entertainment and video game controller...
2011: International Journal of Health Geographics
Judith F Gobin
As part of a larger comparative study, marine polychaete hard-bottom assemblages were surveyed using artificial substrate units (ASUs) deployed at four sites off the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. The polychaete fauna was represented by 19 families comprising 89 species. The syllid Exogone dispar was the most abundant polychaete followed closely by the serpulid Pseudovermilia occidentalis. At the family level, the polychaete fauna inhabiting the ASUs is similar to the fauna from other temperate and tropical locations...
March 2010: Revista de Biología Tropical
Katsuki Tsuritani, Junko Takeda, Junko Sakagami, Aiko Ishii, Tore Eriksson, Toshifumi Hara, Hideaki Ishibashi, Yasuko Koshihara, Kiyofumi Yamada, Yukio Yoneda
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent joint disease and is characterized by pain and functional loss of the joint. However, the pathogenic mechanism of OA remains unclear, and no drug therapy for preventing its progress has been established. To identify genes related to the progress of OA, the gene expression profiles of paired intact and damaged cartilage obtained from OA patients undergoing joint substitution were compared using oligo microarrays. Using functional categorization combined with gene ontology and a statistical analysis, five genes were found to be highly expressed in damaged cartilage (HBEGF, ASUS, CRLF1, LOX, CDA), whereas three genes were highly expressed in intact tissues (CHST2, PTPRD, CPAN6)...
January 2010: Calcified Tissue International
Sandy Middleton, Christopher Levi, Jeanette Ward, Jeremy Grimshaw, Rhonda Griffiths, Catherine D'Este, Simeon Dale, N Wah Cheung, Clare Quinn, Malcolm Evans, Dominique Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycaemia, fever, and swallowing dysfunction are poorly managed in the admission phase of acute stroke, and patient outcomes are compromised. Use of evidence-based guidelines could improve care but have not been effectively implemented. Our study aims to develop and trial an intervention based on multidisciplinary team-building to improve management of fever, hyperglycaemia, and swallowing dysfunction in patients following acute stroke. METHODS AND DESIGN: Metropolitan acute stroke units (ASUs) located in New South Wales, Australia will be stratified by service category (A or B) and, within strata, by baseline patient recruitment numbers (high or low) in this prospective, multicentre, single-blind, cluster randomised controlled trial (CRCT)...
2009: Implementation Science: IS
R Christensen, E M Bartels, A Astrup, H Bliddal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of preparations with avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASUs) in osteoarthritis (OA) patients using meta-analysis on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHOD: RCTs from systematic searches were included if they explicitly stated that hip and/or knee OA patients were randomized to either ASU or placebo. The co-primary outcome was reduction in pain and Lequesne index, leading to effect size (ES), calculated as the standardized mean difference...
April 2008: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Helen Rodgers, Martin Dennis, David Cohen, Anthony Rudd et al.
BACKGROUND: the National Service Framework for Older People requires every general hospital which cares for stroke patients to introduce a specialist stroke service by 2004. OBJECTIVE: to describe the organisation and staffing of specialist hospital-based stroke services in the UK. DESIGN: a national postal survey of consultant members of the British Association of Stroke Physicians (BASP) seeking details of the provision of neurovascular clinics, acute stroke units (ASUs), stroke rehabilitation units (SRUs), and the organisation and staffing of these services...
March 2003: Age and Ageing
S Y. Lee, C W. Fong, R S.S. Wu
The importance of seagrass canopy to associated fauna was assessed by comparing the species richness, abundance and diversity of the epi- and infaunal macroinvertebrate assemblages in a seagrass (Zostera japonica Ascherson and Graebner) bed and the adjacent unvegetated area in Hong Kong. Seagrass cover had significant effects on the composition and abundance of the associated fauna and the amount of detritus accumulated on the sediment surface. Detritus abundance was significantly higher in the seagrass bed, and was positively correlated with both the above- and belowground biomass of Z...
April 30, 2001: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
R L Napper
As HIV disease evolves into a chronic and manageable disease, monitoring trends in HIV/AIDS inpatient use will become an important tool clinicians can use to analyze the need for organizational changes in patient care delivery. Monitoring census trends can assist nurses in developing plans of care and evaluating outcome in HIV patients. Nurse managers of AIDS Specialty Units (ASUs) are at the forefront of identifying current inpatient use trends. This article investigates census trends in selected ASUs from the perspective of ASU nurse managers and describes the factors that nurse managers believe to have influenced census trends...
November 1998: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
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