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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437883/in-reply-to-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Hosseinali Khalili, Nazanin Sadraei, Amin Niakan, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Amin Sadraei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437882/intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
G Lakshmi Prasad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437812/infection-rate-in-1033-elective-neurosurgical-procedures-at-a-university-hospital-in-south-china
#3
Hongwei Zhu, Xiyao Liu, Zhanxiang Wang
Objective Infection following surgery is a serious complication, especially in neurosurgery. The aim of the study is to report the change of incidence rates of infection in patients undergoing elective neurosurgical procedures at a university hospital in South China as well as the risk factors. Material and Methods The medical records and postoperative courses for patients undergoing 1,033 neurosurgical procedures from 2008 to 2014 were reviewed retrospectively to determine the incidence of neurosurgical infection, the identity of the offending organisms, and the factors associated with infection...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437485/t-cell-function-is-dispensable-for-intracranial-aneurysm-formation-and-progression
#4
Haruka Miyata, Hirokazu Koseki, Katsumi Takizawa, Hidetoshi Kasuya, Kazuhiko Nozaki, Shuh Narumiya, Tomohiro Aoki
Given the social importance of intracranial aneurysm as a major cause of a lethal subarachnoid hemorrhage, clarification of mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of this disease is essential for improving poor prognosis once after rupture. Previous histopathological analyses of human aneurysm walls have revealed the presence of T cells in lesions suggesting involvement of this type of cell in the pathogenesis. However, it remains unclear whether T cell actively participates in intracranial aneurysm progression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437224/structure-process-and-culture-of-intensive-care-units-treating-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-survey-of-centers-participating-in-the-american-college-of-surgeons-trauma-quality-improvement-program
#5
Aziz S Alali, Victroia McCredie, Todd G Mainprize, David Gomez, Avery B Nathens
Outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) differs substantially between hospitals. Explaining this variation begins with understanding the differences in structures and processes of care, particularly at intensive care units (ICUs) where acute TBI care takes place. We invited trauma medical directors (TMDs) from 187 centers participating in the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program to complete a survey. The survey domains included ICU model, type, availability of specialized units, staff, training programs, standard protocols and order sets, approach to withdrawal of life support, and perceived level of neurosurgeons' engagement in the ICU management of TBI...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436714/a-hemorrhagic-complication-after-onyx-embolization-of-a-tentorial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-a-caution-about-subdural-extension-with-pial-arterial-supply
#6
Kenichi Sato, Yasushi Matsumoto, Hidenori Endo, Teiji Tominaga
We report a case of tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with a severe intracranial hemorrhage occurring after Onyx embolization. A 40-year-old man presented with an asymptomatic tentorial DAVF on angiography. Transarterial embolization with Onyx was performed via the middle meningeal artery, and the cast filled the fistula itself and its proximal draining vein. Postoperative angiography confirmed complete occlusion of the DAVF. A computed tomography scan performed immediately after the procedure demonstrated an acute subdural hematoma with the temporal hemorrhage...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436607/visual-complaints-in-intracranial-germinomas
#7
Didier Frappaz, Claire Pedone, Philippe Thiesse, Alexandru Szathmari, Cécile Faure Conter, Carmine Mottolese, Christian Carrie
OBJECTIVE: Patients with brain tumors often report having visual complaints. This may be due to increased intracranial pressure, compression/invasion of the optic pathway or diplopia. We assessed the incidence and the etiology of visual symptoms in patients with intracranial germinoma tumors (ICGTs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a blinded retrospective review of the clinical charts and the initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 28 patients with ICGT...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436562/anatomical-subgroup-analysis-of-the-meridian-cohort-failed-commissuration
#8
Paul D Griffiths, Karen Brackley, Michael Bradburn, Daniel Ja Connolly, Mary L Gawne-Cain, Daniel I Griffiths, Mark D Kilby, Laura Mandefield, Cara Mooney, Stephen C Robson, Brigitte Vollmer, Gerald Mason
OBJECTIVE: To assess the contribution of in utero magnetic resonance (iuMR) imaging in fetuses diagnosed with either agenesis of the corpus callosum or hypogenesis of the corpus callosum (grouped as failed commissuration) on antenatal ultrasonography (USS) from the MERIDIAN cohort. METHODS: We report a sub-group analysis of fetuses with failed commissuration diagnosed on USS (with or without ventriculomegaly) from the MERIDIAN study who had iuMR imaging within 2 weeks of USS and outcome reference data were available...
April 24, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436446/opioid-self-administration-is-attenuated-by-early-life-experience-and-gene-therapy-for-anti-inflammatory-il-10-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-of-male-rats
#9
Michael J Lacagnina, Ashley M Kopec, Stewart S Cox, Richa Hanamsagar, Corinne Wells, Susan Slade, Peter M Grace, Linda R Watkins, Edward D Levin, Staci D Bilbo
Early-life conditions can contribute to the propensity for developing neuropsychiatric disease, including substance abuse disorders. However, the long-lasting mechanisms that shape risk or resilience for drug addiction remain unclear. Previous work has shown that a neonatal handling procedure in rats (which promotes enriched maternal care) attenuates morphine conditioning, reduces morphine-induced glial activation, and increases microglial expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10)...
April 24, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436305/quality-of-life-after-intra-arterial-treatment-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-the-mr-clean-trial-update
#10
Jennifer Schreuders, Lucie A van den Berg, Puck Ss Fransen, Olvert A Berkhemer, Debbie Beumer, Hester F Lingsma, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Wim H van Zwam, Charles Blm Majoie, Aad van der Lugt, Paul Lm de Kort, Yvo Bwem Roos, Diederik Wj Dippel
Background Health-related quality of life measured with the EuroQol Group 5-Dimension Self-Report Questionnaire was one of the secondary outcomes in the Multicenter Randomized Clinical trial of Endovascular treatment for Acute ischemic stroke in the Netherlands (MR CLEAN). We reported no statistically significant difference in EuroQol Group 5-Dimension Self-Report Questionnaire score between the intervention and control groups, but deaths were not included. Aims Reanalyze the effect of intra-arterial treatment for large vessel occlusion in acute ischemic stroke patients on health-related quality of life in more detail...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436277/single-pass-endovascular-thrombectomy-for-massive-carotid-cerebral-occlusion
#11
Naif M Alotaibi, Francesca Sarzetto, Karl Boyle, Peter Howard, Victor X D Yang
Acute concomitant occlusions of the extracranial internal carotid artery and intracranial vessels frequently require multiple passes with stent-retrievers for mechanical thrombectomy. Due to the large clot burden associated with these occlusions, their response to intravenous thrombolysis is poor. We herein report a successful case of evacuating a massive clot (>14 cm) in a single-pass using a stent-retrieval device.
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436268/collateral-circulation-alters-downstream-hemodynamic-stress-caused-by-intracranial-atherosclerotic-stenosis
#12
Xin Liu, David Dornbos, Yuehua Pu, Xinyi Leng, Ligang Song, Baixue Jia, Yuesong Pan, David Wang, Zhongrong Miao, Yilong Wang, Liping Liu, Yongjun Wang
OBJECTIVES: Fractional flow reserve (FFR) accurately predicts the degree of stenosis and is now widely used to identify clinically significant severe coronary artery lesions. In the current study, we utilized a similar indicator, fractional flow (FF), to determine the hemodynamic impact of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) and to assess the correlation of FF with the severity of stenosis and collateral circulation. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic ICAS (70-99% stenosis) confirmed on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were consecutively recruited...
April 23, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435903/non-aneurysmal-and-non-traumatic-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-after-attempted-suicide-by-incomplete-hanging
#13
Tae Hu Kim, Soo Hoon Lee, Dong Hoon Kim, Seong Chun Kim, Wonyoungyong Jin, So Yeon Kim, Sang Heon Shin, Sang Bong Lee
Hanging is a common method of suicide that is being reported more frequently in many countries. Several complications including injuries to the cervical spine, neck vessels, and brain can occur after attempted suicide by hanging. There are only a few reports of brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of hanging victims. The most common abnormality was diffuse cerebral edema. A subarachnoid hemorrhage is an atypical complication by suicidal hanging. We report a case of a female patient who presented to an emergency department with altered mental status after attempting suicide by incomplete hanging...
March 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435288/the-activity-safety-and-evolving-role-of-brigatinib-in-patients-with-alk-rearranged-non-small-cell-lung-cancers
#14
REVIEW
Joshua K Sabari, Fernando C Santini, Alison M Schram, Isabella Bergagnini, Ruqin Chen, Chebli Mrad, W Victoria Lai, Kathryn C Arbour, Alexander Drilon
Brigatinib (AP26113) is a dimethylphosphine oxide group-containing tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) constructed around a bisanilinopyrimidine scaffold with potent activity against the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) and several other targets. Despite the activity of first- and second-generation ALK inhibitors in advanced ALK-rearranged lung cancers, the development of acquired resistance represents an ongoing challenge. Later generation ALK inhibitors such as brigatinib are important potential tools in the management of patients with acquired resistance characterized by continued dependency on ALK...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435118/transoral-intracranial-injury-via-middle-skull-base-by-a-blunt-chopstick-in-a-child
#15
Thiti Samuthrat, Ke Ye, Ying Tong
BACKGROUND: Transoral penetrating injury from a blunt-tipped chopstick is unusual and should be promptly dealt with since it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a peculiar case of a 2-year-old girl who suffered from a transoral penetrating brain injury after falling onto a bamboo chopstick, which penetrated through the hard palate and eventually led to middle skull base fracture as well as temporal lobe laceration and contusion...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435117/use-of-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-frequently-refutes-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#16
David S Xu, Randall J Hlubek, Celene B Mulholland, Kerry L Knievel, Kris A Smith, Peter Nakaji
OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis and management of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) frequently relies on lumbar puncture to ascertain intracranial pressures. However, pressures derived this way may be spurious due to patient body habitus and behavior. We recently incorporated direct continuous intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring into the work-up for IIH and review our experience and outcomes. METHODS: Through billing records, we identified all patients during a 3-year period who had a diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension and who underwent ICP monitoring prior to shunt placement or revision...
April 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434956/superficial-temporal-artery-middle-cerebral-artery-bypass-surgery-for-refractory-symptomatic-intracranial-atherosclerotic-stenosis
#17
Yan Ma, Fan Yang, Liqun Jiao, Meng Li, Yabing Wang, Yanfei Chen, Feng Ling
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate blood flow changes following bypass surgery for refractory symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis. METHODS: We examined a cohort of consecutive patients with symptomatic ICAS. STA-MCA bypass was performed in refractory patients with poor perfusion. Angiograms were graded systematically for antegrade, collateral, and bypass flow, and clinical variables were collected preoperatively, and at 7 days, and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434953/the-multi-scope-technique-for-microvascular-decompression
#18
Yuichi Nagata, Tadashi Watanabe, Tetsuya Nagatani, Kazuhito Takeuchi, Jonsu Chu, Toshihiko Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: The performance of endoscopic surgery has rapidly become widespread in neurosurgery in recent years. Endoscopy can offer close and panoramic surgical views with fine illumination, even in the deep intracranial area. However, it also has the following serious drawback: an intracranial blind area between the field lens of the endoscope and the site of the dural opening. This blind area cannot be viewed on the endoscopic monitor, and several surgical complications, including accidental intracranial neurovascular structural injury, can occur in this area...
April 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434860/direct-brain-stimulation-modulates-encoding-states-and-memory-performance-in-humans
#19
Youssef Ezzyat, James E Kragel, John F Burke, Deborah F Levy, Anastasia Lyalenko, Paul Wanda, Logan O'Sullivan, Katherine B Hurley, Stanislav Busygin, Isaac Pedisich, Michael R Sperling, Gregory A Worrell, Michal T Kucewicz, Kathryn A Davis, Timothy H Lucas, Cory S Inman, Bradley C Lega, Barbara C Jobst, Sameer A Sheth, Kareem Zaghloul, Michael J Jutras, Joel M Stein, Sandhitsu R Das, Richard Gorniak, Daniel S Rizzuto, Michael J Kahana
People often forget information because they fail to effectively encode it. Here, we test the hypothesis that targeted electrical stimulation can modulate neural encoding states and subsequent memory outcomes. Using recordings from neurosurgical epilepsy patients with intracranially implanted electrodes, we trained multivariate classifiers to discriminate spectral activity during learning that predicted remembering from forgetting, then decoded neural activity in later sessions in which we applied stimulation during learning...
April 13, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434238/the-characteristics-and-long-term-course-of-epilepsy-in-lipoid-proteinosis-a-spectrum-from-mild-to-severe-seizures-in-relation-to-ecm1-mutations
#20
Emel Oguz Akarsu, Firdevs Dinçsoy Bir, Can Baykal, Volkan Taşdemir, Bülent Kara, Nerses Bebek, Candan Gürses, Oya Uyguner, Betül Baykan
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by deposition of hyaline material in skin and mucosae. Epilepsy, as an extracutaneous manifestation associated with typical mesial temporal calcifications, has already been identified, but its characteristics and long-term prognosis have not been thoroughly investigated. We included 7 consecutive patients with LP with typical intracranial calcifications out of 16 patients with ECM1 mutations and investigated the semiologic features, ictal and interictal EEG findings, and long-term prognosis of epilepsy in this genodermatosis...
April 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
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