keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

practical examination neurology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991677/hurst-revisited-are-symptoms-and-signs-of-functional-motor-and-sensory-disorders-dependent-on-idea
#1
Jon Stone, Jennifer Mutch, Denis Giannokous, Ingrid Hoeritzauer, Alan Carson
INTRODUCTION: Symptoms and signs of functional (psychogenic) motor and sensory disorder are often said to be dependent on the patients' idea of what symptoms should be, rather than anatomy and physiology. This hypothesis has however rarely been tested. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inspired by a brief experiment carried out in 1919 by neurologist Arthur Hurst we aimed to assess the views of healthy non-medical adults towards paralysis and numbness and their response to tests for functional disorders when asked to pretend to have motor and sensory symptoms...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988183/neurological-outcome-after-minimal-invasive-coronary-artery-surgery-nomics-protocol-for-an-observational-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Kristof Nijs, Jeroen Vandenbrande, Fidel Vaqueriza, Jean-Paul Ory, Alaaddin Yilmaz, Pascal Starinieri, Jasperina Dubois, Luc Jamaer, Ingrid Arijs, Björn Stessel
INTRODUCTION: Adverse neurocognitive outcomes are still an important cause of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. The most common neurocognitive disorders after conventional cardiac surgery are postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), stroke and delirium. Minimal invasive cardiac procedures have recently been introduced into practice. Endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (Endo-CABG) is a minimal invasive cardiac procedure based on the conventional CABG procedure. Neurocognitive outcome after minimal invasive cardiac surgery, including Endo-CABG, has never been studied...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980518/a-population-based-prospective-study-of-optic-neuritis
#3
K Soelberg, S Jarius, Hpb Skejoe, H Engberg, J J Mehlsen, A C Nilsson, J S Madsen, M Reindl, B Wildemann, J Grauslund, K O Kyvik, T J Smith, S T Lillevang, F Paul, B G Weinshenker, N Asgari
BACKGROUND: Optic neuritis (ON) is often associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Early diagnosis is critical to optimal patient management. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of acute ON and the rates of conversion to MS and antibody-mediated ON. METHOD: Population-based prospective study was performed in patients with ON from three ophthalmological departments and 44 practicing ophthalmologists from 2014 to 2016. Ophthalmological and neurological examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), determination of aquaporin-4(AQP4)-IgG and myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-IgG were investigated blindly...
October 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971160/frontal-lobe-ischemic-stroke-presenting-with-peripheral-type-facial-palsy-a-crucial-diagnostic-challenge-in-emergency-practice
#4
Halil Onder, Levent Albayrak, Halil Polat
Here, we illustrate a 69-year old female admitting with weakness on left side of the face who firstly considered peripheral facial palsy in the forefront. However, detailed neurological examination and cranial MRI findings finally yielded the proper diagnosis of right hemisphere ischemic stroke. Via this remarkable presentation, we point out the clinical challenges in evaluation processes of patients with facial palsy in emergency practice and emphasize the importance of detailed examination for the proper diagnosis as well as initiation of appropriate treatment agents without delay...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965527/psychometrics-of-the-aan-caregiver-driving-safety-questionnaire-and-contributors-to-caregiver-concern-about-driving-safety-in-older-adults
#5
Janessa O Carvalho, Beth Springate, Rachel A Bernier, Jennifer Davis
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) updated their practice parameters in the evaluation of driving risk in dementia and developed a Caregiver Driving Safety Questionnaire, detailed in their original manuscript (Iverson Gronseth, Reger, Classen, Dubinsky, & Rizzo, 2010). They described four factors associated with decreased driving ability in dementia patients: history of crashes or citations, informant-reported concerns, reduced mileage, and aggressive driving. METHOD: An informant-reported AAN Caregiver Driving Safety Questionnaire was designed with these elements, and the current study was the first to explore the factor structure of this questionnaire...
October 2, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946920/role-of-bispectral-index-monitoring-and-burst-suppression-in-prognostication-following-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Leanne Eveson, Marcela Vizcaychipi, Shashank Patil
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with significant mortality or may have a poor neurological outcome. Various community-training programmes have improved practices like bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation using automated external defibrillator (AED). Post-resuscitation care has also changed significantly in the millennium. Interventions like targeted temperature management (TTM), avoidance of hyperoxia and emergency cardiac catheterisation have given patients a chance of a better neurological outcome...
September 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936813/-clinical-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-that-affect-the-recommendation-for-assignment-of-a-legal-representative-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#7
Erhan Akıncı, Fatih Öncü, Can Ger, Mustafa Sabuncuoğlu, Anıl Kırmızı, Nezih Eradamlar
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Forensic Psychiatry Unit by the court in order to determine factors that affected the decision to appoint a legal representative. METHODS: The reports of health council, follow-up outpatient, and hospitalization files of a total of 78 patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Department of Forensic Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic of Bakirköy Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Education and Research Hospital between 1st June 2009-31st December 2011 were examined...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928705/the-role-of-t1-weighted-derived-measures-of-neurodegeneration-for-assessing-disability-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
REVIEW
Maria A Rocca, Giancarlo Comi, Massimo Filippi
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterised by the accumulation of permanent neurological disability secondary to irreversible tissue loss (neurodegeneration) in the brain and spinal cord. MRI measures derived from T1-weighted image analysis (i.e., black holes and atrophy) are correlated with pathological measures of irreversible tissue loss. Quantifying the degree of neurodegeneration in vivo using MRI may offer a surrogate marker with which to predict disability progression and the effect of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926417/the-reading-the-mind-in-the-eyes-test-validity-and-reliability-of-the-thai-version
#9
Thammanard Charernboon, Tiraya Lerthattasilp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Until now there has not been a validated measure of theory of mind available in the Thai language. Our goal in this study was to assess the validity and reliability of our Thai-language translation of the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (the "Eyes Test"). METHODS: We gave our Thai version of the Eyes Test to 70 participants: 30 people with schizophrenia and 40 normal controls. We also gave Thai versions of the Faces Test and the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination to assess convergent validity...
September 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology: Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911050/motor-abnormalities-from-neurodevelopmental-to-neurodegenerative-through-functional-neuro-psychiatric-disorders
#10
Victor Peralta, Manuel J Cuesta
Background: Motor abnormalities (MAs) of severe mental disorders have been traditionally neglected both in clinical practice and research, although they are an increasing focus of attention because of their clinical and neurobiological relevance. For historical reasons, most of the literature on MAs has been focused to a great extent on schizophrenia, and as a consequence their prevalence and featural properties in other psychiatric or neuropsychiatric disorders are poorly known. In this article, we evaluated the extent to which catatonic, extrapyramidal and neurological soft signs, and their associated clinical features, are present transdiagnostically...
September 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892534/utility-of-combining-a-simulation-based-method-with-a-lecture-based-method-for-fundoscopy-training-in-neurology-residency
#11
Deepak K Gupta, Namir Khandker, Kristin Stacy, Curtis M Tatsuoka, David C Preston
Importance: Fundoscopic examination is an essential component of the neurologic examination. Competence in its performance is mandated as a required clinical skill for neurology residents by the American Council of Graduate Medical Education. Government and private insurance agencies require its performance and documentation for moderate- and high-level neurologic evaluations. Traditionally, assessment and teaching of this key clinical examination technique have been difficult in neurology residency training...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870393/how-and-when-to-refer-patients-diagnosed-with-primary-headache-and-craniofacial-neuralgia-in-the-emergency-department-or-primary-care-recommendations-of-the-spanish-society-of-neurology-s-headache-study-group
#12
A B Gago-Veiga, D García-Azorín, N Mas-Sala, C M Ordás, M Ruiz-Piñero, M Torres-Ferrús, S Santos-Lasaosa, J Viguera Romero, P Pozo-Rosich
INTRODUCTION: When a patient is diagnosed with primary headache or craniofacial neuralgia in the emergency department or in primary care, and is referred to a neurologist due to the complexity of the case, it is useful to know whether additional examination should be sought and the priority (urgent, preferential or normal) with which the patient should be seen. This will avoid unnecessary delays in patients with disabling headache and where organic causes are suspected. In order to issue recommendations on this matter, the Spanish Society of Neurology's Headache Study Group has decided to create a series of agreed recommendations constituting a referral protocol for patients with headache and/or craniofacial neuralgia...
September 1, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870392/how-and-when-to-refer-patients-diagnosed-with-secondary-headache-and-other-craniofacial-pain-in-the-emergency-department-and-primary-care-recommendations-of-the-spanish-society-of-neurology-s-headache-study-group
#13
A B Gago-Veiga, J Díaz de Terán, N González-García, C González-Oria, V González-Quintanilla, A Minguez-Olaondo, S Santos-Lasaosa, J Viguera Romero, P Pozo-Rosich
INTRODUCTION: When secondary headache is suspected and the patient is referred to the emergency department or to the outpatient neurology clinic, it is important to know which are the appropriate complementary examinations to perform and the suitable referral pathway for patients to follow. In order to establish recommendations on this matter, the Spanish Society of Neurology's Headache Study Group (GECSEN) has decided to issue a series of agreed recommendations constituting a referral protocol for patients with headache and/or craniofacial neuralgias...
September 1, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838903/prevalence-of-depression-and-depressive-symptoms-among-outpatients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jinghui Wang, Xiaohang Wu, Weiyi Lai, Erping Long, Xiayin Zhang, Wangting Li, Yi Zhu, Chuan Chen, Xiaojian Zhong, Zhenzhen Liu, Dongni Wang, Haotian Lin
OBJECTIVES: Depression and depressive symptoms are common mental disorders that have a considerable effect on patients' health-related quality of life and satisfaction with medical care, but the prevalence of these conditions varies substantially between published studies. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to provide a precise estimate of the prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among outpatients in different clinical specialties. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838857/value-of-physical-tests-in-diagnosing-cervical-radiculopathy-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Erik J Thoomes, Sarita van Geest, Danielle A van der Windt, Deborah Falla, Arianne P Verhagen, Bart W Koes, Marloes Thoomes-de Graaf, Barbara Kuijper, Wendy G M Scholten-Peeters, Carmen L Vleggeert-Lankamp
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In clinical practice, the diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy is based on information from the patient's history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. Various physical tests may be performed, but their diagnostic accuracy is unknown. PURPOSE: This study aimed to summarize and update the evidence on diagnostic performance of tests carried out during a physical examination for the diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy. STUDY DESIGN: A review of the accuracy of diagnostic tests was carried out...
August 31, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834541/sudden-unexpected-deaths-due-to-intracranial-meningioma-presentation-of-six-fatal-cases-review-of-the-literature-and-a-discussion-of-the-mechanisms-of-death
#16
Lorenzo Gitto, Giorgio Bolino, Stephen J Cina
Deaths due to meningiomas are routinely diagnosed in clinical practice because this neoplasm tends to present with the typical progression of neurological deficits. On the other hand, sudden unexpected deaths due to meningiomas are rarely described in the literature. The study presents six fatal cases of previously undiagnosed intracranial meningiomas from the Cook County Medical Examiner's Office from 1998 to 2014. The most common explanation of the mechanism of sudden death due to intracranial neoplasms is a rapid increase in intracranial pressure produced by the mass effect of the neoplasm...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832171/-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-in-the-diagnostics-of-malignancy-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#17
P Moravčík, J Hlavsa, L Kunovsky, Z Kala, I Penka, M Dastych
In confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE), a type of optical microscope that uses a laser beam as its light source and processes the acquired image by processor unit is used. Although the principle behind the device has been known since 1957, its use in clinical practice has only recently been enabled by technical developments, and it is therefore a relatively new modality in differential diagnosis. CLE enables real-time microscopic imaging of the tissue under investigation and in fact non-invasive in vivo biopsy...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830248/naja-atra-snakebite-in-taiwan
#18
Yan-Chiao Mao, Po-Yu Liu, Liao-Chun Chiang, Chih-Sheng Lai, Kuo-Lung Lai, Cheng-Hsuan Ho, Te-Huo Wang, Chen-Chang Yang
BACKGROUND: Naja atra snakebite is uncommon in Taiwan and causes distinct effects on its victims. Although the Taiwan government produces its own specific antivenom, little information on the management of N. atra snakebite is available. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 183 patients admitted to two medical centers. Of these, 45 were identified as definite cases of N. atra snakebite, 86 as suspected cases, and 52 as clinical cases. Demographic data, symptomatology, and management were compared between these case groups...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828534/finger-tapping-and-verbal-fluency-post-tap-test-improvement-in-inph-its-value-in-differential-diagnosis-and-shunt-treatment-outcomes-prognosis
#19
Evangelia Liouta, Stylianos Gatzonis, Theodosis Kalamatianos, Aristotelis Kalyvas, Christos Koutsarnakis, Faidon Liakos, Christos Anagnostopoulos, Spyridon Komaitis, Dimitris Giakoumettis, George Stranjalis
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) diagnosis is challenging as it can be mimicked by other neurological conditions, such as neurodegenerative dementia and motor syndromes. Additionally, outcomes after lumbar puncture (LP) tap test and shunt treatment may vary due to the lack of a common protocol in INPH assessment. The present study aimed to assess whether a post-LP test amelioration of frontal cognitive dysfunctions, characterizing this syndrome, can differentiate INPH from similar neurological conditions and whether this improvement can predict INPH post-shunt outcomes...
August 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816870/spinal-cord-injury-what-are-the-controversies
#20
Christopher S Ahuja, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro, Michael G Fehlings
Traumatic spinal cord injuries have a tremendous impact on individuals, families, and society as a whole. Substantial heterogeneity in the patient population, their presentation and underlying pathophysiology has sparked debates along the care spectrum from initial assessment to definitive treatment. This article reviews spinal cord injury (SCI) management followed by a discussion of the salient controversies in the field. Current care practices modeled on the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons joint section guidelines are highlighted including key recommendations regarding immobilization, avoidance of hypotension, early International Standards for Neurological Classification of SCI examination and intensive care unit treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
keyword
keyword
41126
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"